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完型填空语法填空



给出提示词的题考点归纳: (1)谓语的时态、语态、语气、人称和数 (2)非谓语:to do; doing; done (3)词类转换:转换成名词、形容词、副词 (4)形容词和副词的比较等级 (5)变否定或反义的前、后缀
纯设空题考点归纳: (1)代词:人称、物主、指示、反身、不定 (2)冠词:a/ an/ the (3)介词 (4)连词:并列、从属 (5)情态动词、表强调或倒装的助动词

语法填空命题形式:

1. 填--纯白直接填空、 2. 变--给提示词填空
1.纯白直接填空考点: 2.给词提示填空考点: 1. 介词

2. 冠词
3. 代词 4. 连词或者引导词

1. 名词提示: 名词单复数, 或者是与动词形容词的转 化

2. 动词提示: 时态、语态、 非谓语动词 或者词性变化 3. 形容词或者副词提示: 比较等级或词性变化

一:compare

comparing 1. __________ a dog with a wolf, you’ll find it difficult to tell them apart.
2. Compared ____________with a wolf, a dog is much safer. 3.Compare _________ a dog with a wolf, and you’ll find it difficult to tell them apart.

4. ___________ with many women, she was indeed very fortunate.(compare) 5. ___________ the red box with the blue one,he chose the former.(compare)

_______ he did know was ______ he failed the exam.
_

He expects cities around the globe to be “ beside themselves with envy(羡慕嫉妒) “ for _______ what he described as a “stunning red symbol”(最具魅力的红色象征) of 21st century London.

三、wish 后的虚拟语气:时态

于书逸

danced Ellen is a fantastic dancer. I wish I ______ (dance) as well as her.

Fact : I didn’t read that novel. I am not the scientist in the novel. I can not create a lovely angel. 1 我希望我读过这本科幻小说。 2 我希望我是小说中的那个科学家。 3 我希望我能够造出一个可爱的天使。 Sb + had done ( 过去 ) Sb +wish(that) + Sb + did/ were (当时或现在) Sb + could /would ( 将来) 1 I wish I had read the science fiction novel. 2 I wish I were the scientist in the novel. 3 I wish I could create a lovely angel.

四、否定副词位于句首 引起的部分倒装语序 But never again ______ did my mother close out my day with that familiar expression of the love.

1) 以never, little, seldom, hardly, rarely, neither, nor, hardly…when, no sooner…than等否定词开头的句子, 部分倒装。 Never shall I forget it. Seldom does he go out. Seldom has he met us lately. Little do they know about it.

2) 以only修饰的副词、介词短语或状语 从句放在句首时需要部分倒装。 ①Only in my house do they feel at home.
②Only then did I realize that I was

wrong.
③Only in this way can you work out the

problem.

巩固练习1

Only when you have finished your homework _____ go home. A. can you B. would you C. you will D. you can Only in this way can you suceed. Only when you have it you get a sucess. can

Seldom ____ any mistakes during my

past few years of working here.
A. would I make B. did I make

C. I did make

D. shall I make

Not only ____ interested in football but ____ beginning to show an interest in it .
A. the teacher himself is;all his students are B. the teacher himself is;are all his students C. is the teacher himself;are all his students D. is the teacher himself;all his students are

.In those years he was head of a county. 表语

五/ 职位头衔前不加冠词

Mr Smith, chairman of the committee, declared
the meeting open. 同位语 They elected him president of the society. 宾补 He was elected president of the society. 主补 小结:表示职位,头衔,身份等的名词在句中作 表语,同位语或补足语时,其前通常不用冠词。 Never ____ did my mother imagine that her daughter would become a president.

六、 but / though/ however I like Professor Vargas, ______ but sometimes he goes too fast, and I feel like I'm missing something. The problem was very difficult to handle. We worked it out, though ___.

but we were told all the waitness Of course, ______ were off duty. They, however, maintained a distance from us. However, I have no idea where to go.

五、 The + 比较级。。。。, the + 比较级...... 孙涵俊

七、many/ much之间的转换: 1. I'll go by train, so there's so many traffic on the for/ because much road.

八、给动词提示词:1)缺谓语动词。 例1: His fear of failurekept ____ (keep) him from classroom games that other children played with joyous abandon. 例2: That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined her invitation, closed ____ (close) my book and walked away. taken(take) 例3: In Logan, three peoplewere _______ to a hospital, while others were treated at a local clinic. were injured 例4:Two-thirds of the people died or _______ (injure) during the earthquake. 例5:There were only one teaching building was and a playground.

There were a sudden pull at the pole and a fish was was caught.
There is many changes taking place. are hanging There was a shop with all kinds of clothing _____ (hang) up. John is a tall man weighed as much as weighing 100 kilograms.

attached (attach) to the . There is a camera _________ head. collectingthe rubbish over There is a car ________ there . (collect) picking There are some people ________ apples on the farm. (pick) There are many animals _______ killed dead. (kill)

There seems _____ to be nobody willing to help. telling There should _____ be some stories ______(tell) people how it started.

现在完成时
since....., recently, just, already,
yet, so far, by now, up to now

for+一段时间, how long,
during/in the past/last three years,

moved 1.Ever since the Greens ____ (move)to the countryside half a year ago, the family have enjoyed __________ (enjoy) better health. have seen (see)a film in 2.This is the first time I_________ the cinema together as a family.

got 3. It's time that I ______ (get) in touch with

each other.

过去完成时

1)By the time he was 14, he had composed many pieces for the piano. 2)The office was quiet. Everyone had gone home. 动作发生在过去的过去 3)It was the first time that he had lost the game. It was the + 序数词+ time + that+ sb. + had done 4) He had wanted to help you, but he had no time then. intend, mean, hope, want, 5)Hardly had he got home when he cried.
Hardly/scarcely …when /no sooner …than

expect, think, plan 等用过去完成时,表本…做却没有

给动词提示词:2)缺非谓语动词 to do/ doing/ done 例4:…but it is not enough only __________ to memorize (memorize) rules from a grammar book. 例5: _______ Speaking (speak) out your inner feeling won’t make you feel ashamed, on the contrary… 例6:To __________(complete) the project as complete planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. 例7:The headmaster went into the lab, ______ (follow) by the foreign guests. followed 8. They didn't accept the drinks, _______(say) saying that they had their own.

called But this type of housing, _______(call) co-housing, popularity is gaining ________(popular) in the United States. understanding 9. I looked him and smiled, not really _______ (understand) him.

10. The TOEFL test is an important step of your journeyto __________ (study) in an English-speaking study country. 11.At the age of 9, Abbi went to the Tracy Animal to find Shelter in her hometown,in California________(find some animals for adoption. 12. We should employ every possible opportunity to acquire ________ (acquire) more useful knowledge.

九、给名词提示词: 注意名词单复数,或者是与 动词形容词的转化 silent 例1: The youngster immediately felt______ (silence) as tears flew down from his big blue eyes. 例2. Teachers must try their best to make interested most of their students ________ (interest) in the subject. 例3. These people have made great contributions _______ (contribute) to China with their work. 例4:... instructors expect students to be information familiar with __________(inform) in the reading.

十、状语从句的省略 (省略主语和be动词) asked When _________, my boys will help neaten their room. (ask) He said he would not attend the meeting unless _____ told to (tell) . watching (watch)TV, we heard the While ________ doorbell rang.

十一、强调句: that It was in this room _______ I made plans on how to build up my future. am It is I who ______(be) fond of music. It was what he said______ that disappointed me.

固定搭配: 1. On the beginning, I did not feel very happy. In 2. replace A with B (replace the sofa with the new one) 3. an approach to doing sth 4. The America Indians were not always friends of American the Dutch. 5. Once upon a time, a man wanted to do.... 6. I remember my grandfather very much. (13全国 well 比较:I like English very much.

比较 : 1. He accepted a warm welcome. received 2. I 'm glad to receive your letter. 3. She was born without the ability to use her legs and she has no feeling over the below waist. put...in place be scared to death pay a visit to.... would like sb to do sth be popular with sb neither....nor..... / either...nor....

Soon the police reached. arrived He looked as though he would fall at ____ any moment. have a chat carry out the plan be consistent with consist of by design= on purpose

have great fun make good use of in one's twenties/ thirties/ forties/ fifties.. nineties in the 18th century、 in the 1700s of different ages be about to do.....when..... There is no need to sth... They think that they can just use a computer, so it is no need to waste time improving their there handwriting.

介词使用 in ______ January.......December on _______Sunday.......Saturday _____ April 10. on _____ in the middle of July in ______ the morning/ evening / afternoon ______ a rainy afternoon on _____ at noon

a/the Last Sunday, I went to the market with my mother. There, I saw the elderly woman carrying a suitcase an

介词后的形式: People should not ignore the danger being cheated(cheat) of ___________.

从句 1. A student who is as shy as you or who share the same hobbies as yours. shares 2. If you notice that when someone is missing and hurt, you should call the police. 3. A co-housing complex is a place _____ where residents shop and cook. 4. I am proud that I'm the first Pakistarni and the first young woman or the first young person who gets this award . (此处能否用that??) _____ I am proud that I'm the first Pakistarni and the first young woman or the first young person _____ get to this award .

定语从句特殊用法只用that 不用which 定语从句难点三 1) 当先行词被序数词,形容词最高级修饰的 时候 the first , the second , the most … 2) 当先行词被the only, the very , the few 修 3)先行词既有人又有物时 thing and person 4) 先行词本身是, all , little , few, much , none , everything ,nothing ,anything 5) 先行词被all , little , much , some , any, no ,every修饰的时候 6) 介词后

5. When I was at a loss about how to do. what 6. You can experience most of ______ what the city has to offer in just two days. 7. Those which photos , were chosen the best whose was given prize.

省掉介词 . Let me give you some advice that you have to pay attention.

to

.Surprisingly, everyone gave back the money they had picked.

up

on

it 做形式主语/宾语 to see It surprised me _________(see) them working. It is no much use _______ doing (do) something.

As natural architects, the Pueblo Indians figured how thick the adobe(土砖) walls out exactly_______ needed to be to make the cycle workd on most days. I really can't understand how come _____ people depend on that way to make friends.

and 前后连接平行并列成分 1. He helped me develop my interest in all that was alive and sometimes death around me. dead



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