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2011级第三学期自主学习考试B卷


B

2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试
(2012 年 11 月 11 日)

注意事项: 1. 所有答案都用 2B 铅笔写在机读卡上; 2. 机读卡的考号填学号 15 位数字。不填或填错将被判为 0 分,后果自负; 3. 请注意填清试卷代号 A 或 B,不填或填错将被判为 0 分,后果自负; 4.考试时间:8:00—9:30

Part III Vocabulary and structure (40%)
Directions: In this part, you will read some incomplete statements or statements. Choose the best answer from the four choices to complete the sentence. 1. Joseph was very lucky ________ with his life; he almost did not get out of the room. A. to escape educational experts. A. transmit Middle Ages. A. It is the sun and not the earth C. Being the sun and not the earth B. That the sun and not the earth D. The sun and not the earth B. transfer C. convey D. communicate 3. _________ the center of our planetary system was considered as heresy by the church in the B. to have escaped C. to escaping D. to be escaping 2. A good teacher must know how to ________ his ideas to the students, as generally agreed by

4. The Spanish team, who are not in superb form, will be doing their best next week to ________ themselves on the German team for last year’s defeat. A. remedy A. excessive A. ambiguous topics to write about. A. in advance B. ahead of C. above all D. right away 8. No company will refuse to ________ so mutually beneficial a plan as Jack came up with at the
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B. reproach B. optional B. accessible

C. revive C. additional C. accommodable

D. revenge D. arbitrary D. accountable

5. You don’t have to install this radio in your new car; it’s an extra _______. 6. Recently, the library published a collection of books which were _________ to the public. 7. In some cases, your instructor may tell you the topics ________ or may give you a choice of

2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

meeting yesterday. A. put up with work together. A. compiled A. ensured modern society. A. come up with their parents. A. recognized B. popular C. favorable D. fascinated 13. A doctor’s obligation when he can no longer _______ the approach of death is to make the patient comfortable, including easing his pain. A. hang around working people. A. identify A. prestige B. incorporate B. superiority C. combine C. priority D. involve D. publicity 15. There is no doubt that the _____ of these goods to the others is easy to see. 16. A complete investigation into the accident should lead to improved standards and should ________ new operating procedures. A. attribute B. result in C. match with D. proceed with 17. The consolidation of the crumbling walls and towers has been carried out ______ a program agreed with the Department of the Environment. A. in case of C. in place of A. correspond A. laid out risk. A. that B. than C. when D. as 21. The credit card _______ the need for cash or checks.
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B. push on to

C. fall in with

D. make up for

9. When Sarah and I _______ on an article for the school newspaper, we found it difficult to B. gathered B. assured C. collaborated C. secured D. collected D. insured

10. The honest young man _______ the boss that he would try his best for the excellence. 11. Failing to _______ the Information Revolution, they are unable to meet the demands of the B. face up with C. keep up with D. live up with

12. The school committee hoped that their choice of play would be ______ with the students and

B. hang on

C. hold back

D. hold on

14. We must take part in physical labor in order to ______ ourselves more closely with the

B. in accordance with D. in charge of B. confine B. laid up C. conform C. laid by D. comply D. laid down

18. The drugs must ______ in every way to the standards set up by the government. 19. Mary will not be able to come to the birthday party as she is _____ with a cold. 20. No other drug is available at present ______ can produce the same therapeutic effect with less

2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

A. oppressed A. gleaming A. mess A. interruptive A. has found _______ those games. A. depended on A. Take on their parents. A. ultimately mall. A. ran after A. machine A. considerable A. reserve A. held out A. calling for A. variations home in summer. A. sentimental

B. eliminated B. dazzling B. turmoil B. disruptive B. was finding

C. opposed C. sparkling C. fuss C. inattentive C. had found

D. settled D. glowing D. excitement D. negative D. would find

22. He was smoking; I could see the tip of his cigarette ______ in the darkness. 23. The raise in tax caused a _____ around the whole nation. 24. His behaviors were regarded as _______ and subversive to the law. 25. The student said there were a few points in the essay he ________ impossible to comprehend. 26. Many young people like playing computer games today. And some of them even become B. relied on B. Hold on C. addicted to C. Keep on D. indulged to D. Get on

27. The road is icy. _____ to the rail or you’ll slip! 28. Children might give their own opinions on this problem, but ______ the decision rested with B. approximately C. practically D. occasionally

29. I haven’t seen my old friend David for years, and this morning I _____ him at the shopping B. ran away with B. mechanism B. considerate B. serve B. kept away from B. appealing to B. varieties C. ran out on C. mechanization C. concerning C. preserve C. taken with C. asking to C. varied D. ran into D. medicine D. consolatory D. deserve D. given credit for D. demanding for D. variability

30. The market system is an imperfect _____ for achieving full employment. 31. The result of opinion poll has _____ influence on the President’s decision. 32. Government should take necessary measures to _____ our traditional customs. 33. The little boy was _____ his honesty. 34. The police are _____ the public for information about the criminals. 35. There are wide regional _____ in house price throughout the country. 36. Make sure your protect _____ areas of your skin with a good sun cream before you leave B. sensory C. sensitive D. sensational

37. Some students _____ to attend morning classes late in winter.
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2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

A. attempt A. in relation to

B. plan

C. are apt

D. are reliable D. depending on

38. Sometimes we should not choose careers only _____ our own interests. B. in accordance with C. regarding to 39. People made a life-size bronze _____ of Confucius to commemorate his enormous contribution to education. A. statue more. A. privilege A. because A. cut off A. mortgage A. right A. gets old. A. what B. that C. which B. Having no rain D. There being no rain C. emphatically C. rewarding C. hampered D. determinedly D. awarding D. protested D. whose 47. ________ for a long time, the fields are all dried up. A. There has been no rain C. There having been no rain A. bluntly A. conflicting A. triggered B. convincingly B. charming B. claimed B. pressure B. in order that B. cut back on B. money B. patent B. looks for C. prize C. lest C. cut out C. debt C. certificate C. searches D. prestige D. so that D. cut up D. pay D. proof D. dreams up 41. She hid herself behind the door _____ anyone see her. 42. We’d better _____ household expenses to save budget. . 43. They took out a $200,000 _____ to buy the house 44. He has taken out a _____ on his latest invention. 45.He is such a creative salesman that he continually _____ new schemes to promote the business. 46. Evidence came up _______ specific sounds are recognized by babies as young as six months B. status C. stature D. statuette 40. The teaching profession has lost the _____ it used to have and it is not a respectable career any

48. He spoke so ________ that even his opponents were won over by his arguments. 49. Does Emerson find his career full and ________ as a basketball player? 50. The explosion in the mine was ___________ by a careless miner who lit a match.

Part II Reading Comprehension
Section A

(50%)

Directions: There are five questions that are based on the texts you have learned this term. You
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2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

should choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 51. According to Bridging Cultural Gaps Gracefully, when a Chinese person says “Please don’t bother” when asked if he likes to have a cup of tea, he probably means ________. A. Please don’t bother to do that C. I don’t mind whatever you do A. it can be made into something else B. it is essential to do business C. it can buy many things D. it is something to be plowed back into something else 53. According to Out of the Internet, childhood delinquency, crime and overspending and disrupted marriage are the result of ________. A. parental influences C. social influences inside to ________. A. concentrate on their work C. explore their inner part B. go to sleep D. keep warm B. online obsession D. violence obsession B. Yes, please D. You can’t do that

52. According to Time Spent Agonizing over Money, Money is a raw material in that ________.

54. Based on Random Thoughts on the Window, shutting a window will make it easier for people

55. According to Keep the Heart’s Door Open, when helping our close friends who are in trouble yet reluctant to talk them out we should, we should ________. A. offer help in a forthright way C. help them enthusiastially B. offer help in a secret way D. help them sympathetically

Section B Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Questions 56-60 are based on the following passage: Beauty has always been regarded as something praiseworthy. Almost everyone thinks attractive people are happier and healthier, have better marriage and have more respectable
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2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

occupations. Personal consultants give them better advice for finding jobs. Even judges are softer on attractive defendants (被告). But in the executive circle beauty can become a liability. While attractiveness is a positive factor for a man on his way up the executive ladder, it is harmful to a woman. Handsome male executives were perceived as having more integrity than plainer men, effort and ability were thought to account for their success. Attractive female executives were considered to have less integrity than unattractive ones; their success was attributed not to ability but to factors such as luck. All unattractive women executives were thought to have more integrity and to be more capable than the attractive female executives. Interestingly, though, the rise of the unattractive overnight successes was attributed more to personal relationships and less to ability than was that of attractive overnight successes. Why are attractive women not thought to be able? An attractive woman is perceived to be more feminine and an attractive man more masculine than the less attractive ones. Thus, an attractive woman has an advantage in traditionally female jobs, but an attractive woman in a traditionally masculine position appears to lack the “masculine” qualities required. This is true even in politics. “When the only clue is how he or she looks, people treat men and women differently,” says Anne Bowman, who recently published a study on the effects of attractiveness on political candidates. She asked 125 undergraduate students to rank two groups of photographs, one of men and one of women, in order of attractiveness. The students were told the photographs were of candidates for political offices. They were asked to rank them again, in the order they would vote for them. The results showed that attractive males utterly defeated unattractive men, but the women who had been ranked most attractive invariably received the fewest votes. 56. The word “liability” in para. 1 most probably means “________”. A. misfortune C. disadvantage B. instability D. burden

57. In traditionally female jobs, attractiveness ________. A. reinforces the feminine qualities required B. makes women look more honest and capable C. is of primary importance to women D. often enables women to succeed quickly 58. Bowman’s experiment reveals that when it comes to politics, attractiveness ________. A. turns out to be an obstacle to men B. affects men and women alike
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2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

C. has as little effect on men as on women D. is more of an obstacle than a benefit to women 59. It can be inferred from the passage that people’s views on beauty are often ________. A. practical C. old-fashioned B. prejudiced D. radical

60. The author writes this passage to ________. A. discuss the negative aspects of being attractive B. give advice to job-seekers who are attractive C. demand equal rights for women D. emphasize the importance of appearance Passage 2 Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage: In recent years many countries of the world have been faced with the problem of how to make their workers more productive. Some experts claim the answer is to make jobs more varied. But doing more varied jobs leads to greater productivity? There is evidence to suggest that while variety certainly makes the workers life more enjoyable, it does not actually make him work harder. As far as increasing productivity is concerned, the variety is not an important factor. Other experts feel that giving the worker freedom to do his job in his own way is important and there is no doubt that this is true. The problem is that this kind of freedom cannot easily be given in the modern factory with its complicated machinery which must be used in a fixed way. Thus while freedom of choice may be important, there is usually very little that can be done to create it. Another important consideration is how much each worker contributes to the product he is making. In most factories the worker sees only one small part of the product. Some car factories are now experimenting with having many small production lines rather than one large one, so that each worker contributes more to the production of the cars on his line. It would seem that not only is the degree of workers contribution an important factor, therefore, but it is also one we can do something about. To what extent more money led to greater productivity? The workers themselves certainly think this is important. But perhaps they want more money only because the work they do is so boring. Money just lets them enjoy their spare time more. A similar argument may explain demands for shorter working hours. Perhaps if we succeed in making their jobs more interesting, they will neither want more money, nor will shorter working hours be so important to them. 61. Which of these possible factors leading to greater productivity is not true?
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2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

A. To make jobs more varied. B. To give the worker freedom to do his job in his own way. C. Degree of work contribution. D. Demands for longer working hours. 62. Why workers want more money? A. Because their jobs are too Boring. B. In order to enjoy more spare time. C. To make their jobs more interesting. D. To demand shorter working hours. 63. The last sentence in this passage means that if we succeed in making workers jobs more interesting _____. A. they will want more money B. they will demand shorter working hours C. more money and shorter working hours are important factors D. more money and shorter working hours will not be so important to them 64. In this passage, the author tells us_____. A. how to make the workers more productive B. possible factors leading to greater efficiency C. to what extent more money lead to greater productivity D. how to make workers jobs more interesting 65. The author of this passage is probably a_____. A. teacher B. worker C. manager D. Physicist

Passage 3 Questions 66-70 are based on the following passage: Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means by which products and services that are in limited supply are rationed among buyers. The price system of the United States is a very complex network composed of the prices of all the products bought and sold in the economy as well as those of a myriad of services, including labor, professional transportation and public utility services. The interrelationships of all these prices make up the “system” of prices. The price of any particular product or service is linked to a broad, complicated system of prices in which everything seems to depend more or less upon everything else. If we were to ask a group of randomly selected individuals to define “price”, many would reply that price is an amount of money paid by the buyer to the seller of a product or service or, in
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2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

other words, that price is the money value of a product or service as agreed upon in a market transaction. This definition is, of course, valid as far as it goes. For a complete understanding of price in any particular transaction, much more than the amount of money involved must be known. Both the buyer and the seller should be familiar with not only the money amount, but with the amount and quality of the product or service to be exchanged, the time and place at which the exchange will take place and payment will be made, the form of money to be used, the credit terms and discounts that supply to the transaction, guarantees on the product or service, delivery terms, return privileges, and other factors. In other words, both buyers and sellers should be fully aware of all the factors that comprise the total “package” being exchanged for the asked --- for amount of money in order that they may evaluate a given price. 66. The best title for this passage is ________. A. The Inherent Weakness of the Price System B. The Complexities of the Price System C. Credit Terms in Transactions D. Resource Allocation and the Public Sector 67. According to this passage, the price system is related primarily to ________. A. labor and education C. utilities and repairs A. large multiple C. numerous A. all the factors C. buyers and sellers A. unusual ways to advertise products B. types of payment plans for services C. theories about how products affect different levels of society D. how certain elements of a price “package” influences its market value Passage 4 Questions 71-75 are based on the following passage: The way people hold to the belief that a fun-filled, pain-free life equals happiness actually reduces their chances of ever attaining real happiness. If fun and pleasure are equal to happiness then pain must be equal to unhappiness. But in fact, the opposite is true; more often than not
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B. transaction and insurance D. products and services B. great amount D. great number B. return privileges and other factors D. the total package

68. The word “myriad” in para. 1 is closest in meaning to ________.

69. In the last sentence of the passage, the word “they” refers to ________.

70. The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses ________.

2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

things that lead to happiness involve some pain. As a result, many people avoid the very attempts that are the source of true happiness. They fear the pain inevitably brought by such things as marriage, raising children, professional achievement, religious commitment, and self-improvement. As a bachelor, why does hr resist marriage even though he finds dating to be less and less satisfying? If he is honest he will tell you that he is afraid of making a commitment. For commitment is in fact quite painful. The single life is filled with fun, adventure, and excitement. Marriage has such moments, but they are not its most distinguishing features. Couples with infant children are lucky to get a whole night’s sleep or three-day vacation. I don’t know any parent who would choose the word fun to describe raising children. But couples who decide not to have children never know the joys of watching a child grow up or of playing with a grandchild. Understanding and accepting that true happiness has nothing to do with fun is one of the most liberating realizations. It liberates time: now we can devote more hours to activities that can genuinely increase our happiness. It liberates money: buying that new car or those fancy clothes that will do nothing to increase our happiness now seems pointless. And it liberates us from envy: we now understand that all those who are always having so much fun actually may not be happy at all. 71. According to the author, a bachelor resists marriage chiefly because ________. A. he is reluctant to take on family responsibilities B. he believes that life will be more cheerful if he remains single C. he finds more fun in dating than in marriage D. he fears it will put an end to all his fun, adventure and excitement 72. Raising children, in the author ’s opinion, is ________. A. a moral duty C. a rewarding task A. hatred C. prejudice B. a thankless job D. a source of inevitable pain B. misunderstanding D. ignorance

73. From the last paragraph, we learn that envy sometimes stems from ________.

74. To understand what true happiness is one must ________. A. have as much fun as possible during one’s lifetime B. make every effort to liberate oneself from pain C. put up with pain under all circumstances D. be able to distinguish happiness from fun 75. What is the author trying to tell us? ________
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2011 级中级班第三学期自主学习考试 B 卷

A. Happiness often goes hand in hand with pain. B. One must know how to attain happiness. C. It is important to make commitments. D. It is pain that leads to happiness.

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