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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

Part Three

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

Text

Appreciation
I. Text Analysis
1. Theme 2. Structure 3. Further discussion

II.Writing Devices
1. Antithesis 2. Developing paragraphs by examples

III.Sentence Paraphrase

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.

Text Analysis
Theme of the text
College is designed to be a time of changes for students. Threatening the changes may be, they contribute to young adults’ growth and maturity. College students are experiencing a lot. Not only are they being introduced to new people and new knowledge, but they are also acquiring new ways of assembling and processing information. They are also proudly growing in their understanding of themselves, others and the world.

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The end of Theme.

Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.

Text Analysis
Structure of the text
Many key changes happen to college students during their college years.

Part 1 (para. 1):

The key changes involve the Part 2 (paras.2-9 ): following: identity crisis, the independence/dependence struggle, establishment of sexual identity, affection giving and receiving, internalization of religious faith, values and morals, development of new ways to organize and use knowledge, a new understanding of the world and himself/herself. Part 3 (para. 10 ): Conclusion.
W B T L E
The end of Structure.

Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.
?

Text Analysis
Mentioned in Para. 2

Question: How do college students go through an identity crisis at college? What factors may influence identity?

Students endeavor to find out who they are and what their strengths and weaknesses are. They want to know how other people perceive themselves as well. Identity may be influenced by genes, environment and opportunities.

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.
?

Text Analysis
In fact, it may be heightened by their choice to pursue a college education. Question: What does “it” refer to here?
In Para. 3

For Reference

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.
?

Text Analysis

For reference: “it” refers to the independence/dependence struggle. Into the later adolescence stage, young adults tend to become less dependent on, even independent from their parents. For those who choose to enter the work world, they may become financially independent from their parents, while for others entering into college, the struggle seems stronger for they still need their parents’ support, say for money.

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.

Text Analysis
In Para. 4

? Question:

According to Jeffery A. Hoffman’s observation, there are four distinct aspects to psychological separation from one’s parents. What are they? How do you understand them?

1. Functional independence. 2. Attitudinal independence. 3. Emotional independence. 4. Freedom from “excessive guilt, anxiety, mistrust, responsibility, inhibition, resentment, and anger in relation to the mother and father.”

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.

Text Analysis
In Para. 5

? Question: What may be one of the most stressful matters college students experience according to the author? How do you understand it?
Establishing their sexual identity. It includes relating to the opposite sex and projecting their future roles as men or women.

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.
?

Text Analysis
In Para. 6

I was relating to my father in a different way.

Question: What are the differences between the ways “I” related to “my” father in the past and at present? What type of change does the example reflect? In the past “I” was encouraged by “my” father; now “I” was encouraging him. The example reflects the change that college students are learning how to give and receive affection in the adult world.
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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.
?

Text Analysis
These religious, moral, and ethical values that are set during the college years often last a lifetime. Question: What makes it possible for these values to last a lifetime?
In Para. 7

During college years, the young adults have the opportunity to decide for themselves what beliefs, values, and morals they are going to accept. These values are inclined to be internalized.

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.
?

Text Analysis
Question: What is the significance of the college academic life according to paragraph 8?
College academic life is a challenge. All students should be aware of how they react to new knowledge and new ways of learning, how they process the knowledge presented to them, and how they organize this knowledge.

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.
?

Text Analysis
Question: How do college students become world citizens? At college, the young adults have good chances to meet people from different cultures. By interacting with them, they are introduced to new ways of life. They begin to understand life in different ways. By doing these, they experience a new understanding of the world and themselves.
in Para. 9

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

I.

Text Analysis
Further discussion about the article
What does the author mean by developmental changes? Have you had any identity crisis yourself?

What does the author mean by independence/ dependence struggle?
How can college students establish their sexual identity? What does the author mean by “internalizing” religious faith, values, and morals? What does the author mean when he talks about “gathering, processing, assembling, applying, and evaluating” information? Why is this point so important? W B T L E
The end of Further discussion.

Lesson 1 – Your College Years

II.

Writing Devices
Antithesis
Find more examples in paragraph 5.

These are exciting times yet frustrating times. (5)

More examples
The author uses antithesis to give a focus to how college students are stressful in establishing their sexual identity.

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

II.

Writing Devices
Antithesis: more examples

? Probably nothing can make students feel lower or higher emotionally than the way they are relating to whomever they are having a romantic relationship with. (5) ? … he bounced into my office once with a smile on his face and excitement in his voice. … That same young man came into my office less than a week later, dragging his feet with a dismayed, dejected look on his face. … sighed deeply… (5) ? “I’ve just had the best day of my life!” … “I’ve just had the worst day of my life!”
W B T L E
The end of Antithesis.

Lesson 1 – Your College Years

II.

Writing Devices
Developing paragraphs by examples
Find examples in the text!

A statement which is very general is seldom impressive or convincing. It is usually necessary to give examples to prove, illustrate, or clarify a general statement. We may be too used to saying “for instance” or “for example” to realize that we are using a certain method for developing a topic.

For Reference

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

II.

Writing Devices
Developing paragraphs by examples
What statements do the examples respectively support? For Reference

Paragraph 6

Paragraph 7
Paragraph 8 Paragraph 9

Do you know other ways of developing paragraphs?

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

II.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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Writing Devices
Developing paragraphs by examples
Developing Developing Developing Developing Developing Developing Developing Developing Developing …
B T L

by by by by by by by by by

time process space detail generalization comparison and contrast cause and effect classification definition

E

The end of Writing Devices.

Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 1
Has it ever dawned on you that certain developmental changes will occur in your life as you move from adolescence to young adulthood? (1) subject “it” as the anticipatory
More examples

psychological term which refers to the physiological and behavioral changes throughout the lifespan
go to 2

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase
1. It was clear enough what she meant. 2. It is said that he is doing fine at school.

3. He was an old man, and it did not matter
much where he lived.

back to 1

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 2
During this time, students are going through an identity crisis and are endeavoring to find out who they are and what their strengths and weaknesses are. (2)

It refers to the difficulties, confusions and anxieties that you go through during adolescence when you are not sure who you really are and what your purpose in life is.

experiencing; undergoing; suffering

go to 3

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 3
… identity is determined by genetic endowment (what is inherited from parents), shaped by environment, and influenced by chance events. (2)

accidental Who we are is determined by three things: first, our genes, or what our parents have given us, our legacy; second, environment; third, luck or opportunities.
go to 4

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 4
It may be heightened by their choice to pursue a college education. (3)

independence /dependence struggle

become stronger or intensified

If they choose to continue their education, they will face an even more serious struggle between the desire to be independent and the need to depend on the financial support of their parents.
go to 5

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 5
First, there is functional independence, which involves the capability of individuals to take care of practical and personal affairs, such as handling finances, choosing their own wardrobes, and determining their daily agenda. (4) choosing their own determining what they are clothes going to do every day independence in handling everyday life situations; the ability to solve practical problems

go to 6

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 6
Hoffman defines this process as “freedom from an excessive need for approval, closeness, togetherness, and emotional support in relation to the mother and father.” (4) no longer having something you do not want Children need their parents to tell them what to do or not to do. They also need to be close to their parents and receive encouragement, love, all kinds of emotional support which give them strength. But when they grow up, they no longer have the same needs like babies.
go to 7

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 7
Probably one of the most stressful matters for young college students is establishing their sexual identity, which includes relating to the opposite sex and projecting their future roles as men or women. (5) gerund as predicative planning, designing, outlining, devising
go to 8

More examples

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase
1. The main thing is getting there in time. 2. What he likes is playing chess after supper.

3. Reading is learning, but applying is also
learning and the more important kind of learning at that.

back to 7

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 8
Probably nothing can make students feel lower or higher emotionally than the way they are relating to whomever they are having a romantic relationship with. (5) Comparative degree is used to express superlative meaning.
More examples

objective clause

When students are in a romantic relationship
with the opposite sex, they are most likely to feel unhappy or happy emotionally.
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go to 9

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase
1. I cannot agree with you more. 2. There is nothing cheaper.

3. No leader of a party has kept himself in
greater detachment from the sentiment of his than has the late Prime Minister.

back to 8

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 9
During the course I had come to realize that

while my world was expanding and new options
were opening for me, my father, who was in his sixties, was seeing his world shrink and his options narrow. (6)

was beginning to realize that his world was getting smaller and his choices fewer

go to 10

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 10
In the late sixties, a young woman from a background that was extremely prejudiced against people from other races came to college convinced that her race was superior. (7)
More examples

past participle as adverbial objective clause

go to 11

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase
1. Trains in this country spend too much time stopped, waiting for other trains.

2. He went back to his home village frustrated.
3. Born and bred in the countryside, he was bewildered by the big city.

back to 10

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 11
These religious, moral, and ethical values that are set during the college years often last a lifetime. (7) These values that are established during the college years often last a lifetime. It is believed that our character or basic moral

principles are formulated during this period
of time.
go to 12

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 12
I can no longer read the newspaper or watch a

television newscast without seeing the people
from other countries in a different light. (9)

in a different way Whenever I read the newspaper or watch a television newscast, I will see the people

from other countries in a different way from
what I used to see.
go to 13

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Lesson 1 – Your College Years

III. Sentence Paraphrase 13
Not only are they being introduced to new people and new knowledge, but they are also acquiring new ways of assembling and processing information. (10) They are getting to know a lot of new people and learning new knowledge. They are also finding or learning new ways of arranging, organizing, analyzing or understanding information. It implies that mere information is not scientific truth. Scientific truth requires the processing of information. In college, students will learn new approaches, methods, and theories which will change many of their prejudices.
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The end of Sentence Paraphrase.

Lesson 1 – Your College Years

Part Three
This is the end of Part Three. Please click HOME to visit other parts.

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