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高三英语一轮复习练习 动词时态



高三英语一轮复习练习 动词时态、语态及情态动词专练 动词时态、
1. — May I have a word with Miss Anna? — Sorry, she ____ to her friend on the phone. A. is talking B. has talked C. talked D. talks 2. When Nancy was at c

ollege, she ____ three foreign languages, but I am surprised to find that she ____ all except a few words of each. A. spoke; had forgotten B. had spoken; had forgotten C. spoke; has forgotten D. had spoken; has forgotten 3. By the end of next July this building ____. A. will be completed B. will have completed C. will have been completed D. has been completed 4. — Hurry, Mary! You ____ on the phone. — Oh, I ____. Thank you, Mom. A. have wanted; have come B. will be wanted; will come C. are being wanted; come D. are wanted; am coming 5. Because farmland ____ quickly, the government are considering starting a program to solve the problem. A. is being lost B. is lost C. is losing D. loses 6. — What were you doing when I phoned you yesterday evening? — I ____ just finished my homework and I ____ to watch TV. A. have; am going B. have; was going C. had; was going D. had; am going 7. We ____ dinner at seven o’clock when CCTV ____ to broadcast news. A. are having; will start B. will be having; starts C. have; will start D. will have had; starts 8. — Where are Jack and Mike? — They ____ the furniture you asked for into the house. A. have been carrying B. carried C. have been carried D. were carried 9. Professor Haley told me that he ____ by many of his students at the railway station. A. had been seen off B. have been seen off C. had seen off D. have seen off 10. As we stood on the top of the hill, we could see the beautiful scene that ____ before us. A. had spread B. has spread C. spread D. spreads 11. An order has come that the police should find out where the thief ____ . A. hides B. was hiding C. hiding D. is hidden 12. — You must be surprised and excited to see the film star here. — You’re right. ____. A. I don’t expect to see her here B. I didn’t expect to see her here C. I am expecting to see her here D. I expected to see her here 13. Mr. Ham felt that he himself, rather than Alice and Lisa, ____ for the coldness that had grown between them. A. were to blame B. was to be blamed C. were to be blamed D. was to blame 14. — What else did you do this morning besides doing the shopping? — Two hours ____ washing the windows and floor. A. were taken B. was spent C. has taken D. will be spent 15. I’m glad you’ve come, Miss Rose; I ____ you, but you’ve saved me the trouble now. A. am going to call B. was about to call C. had called D. am to call 16. Did you tell me that there ____ an English test the next week? A. would be B. will be C. is D. were 17. — Did you meet the pianist at the station? — No, he ____ by the time I ____ there. A. had left; got B. has left; reached C. was leaving; got D. left; had got 18. I should very much like to have gone to that party of theirs, but ____. A. I’m not invited B. I have not been invited C. I was not invited D. I had not been invited 19. — How is the boy? — Sorry. He ____ though the doctor made every effort to save him. A. died B. was dead C. had died D. has been dead 20. — Bob must be wealthy. — Yes, he ____ more in one day than I do in a week. A. is earning B. earns C. had earned D. has earned 21. You can certainly leave the classroom as soon as your homework ____. A. has done B. has been done C. will be done D. will have been done 22. — Did you telephone the manager’s office? — Yes, he ____ back before 9 o’clock this morning. A. expects B. is expected C. expected D. was expected 23. — Would you like to tell me what our teacher said just now? — She said that light ____ faster than sound. A. travels B. traveled C. would travel D. was traveling 24. — Has William finished writing his graduation paper yet? — I don’t know exactly, but he ____ all day. A. is writing B. has been writing C. was writing D. wrote 25. When you come into the exhibition hall, you can see a large board with a notice on it, saying visitors ____ not to touch the exhibits. A. will request B. request C. are requesting D. are requested 26. SARS ____ in Hong Kong in the winter of 2002. A. was broken out B. was broke out C. broke out D. was breaking out 27. — The Chinese astronaut Yang Liwei is here already. — I ____ he ____ until tomorrow. A. think; is coming B. thought; would come C. didn’t think; was coming D. don’t think; will come 28. The couple ____. I really don’t know why. A. always quarrel B. are always quarreling C. have always quarreled D. have always been quarreled 29. — My sister finished school three years ago. — What ____ these years? A. did she do B. has she been doing C. is she doing D. does she do
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30. — ____ the sports meeting is likely to be put off. — Yes, it all depends on the weather. A. I’ve been told B. I’ve told C. I was telling D. I told 31. Thousands of people took part in the work when the old temple ____. A. would be rebuilt B. was rebuilding C. was being rebuilt D. had been rebuilt 32. — Was the trip pleasant when you vacationed in the mountain village last summer? — No, it ____ for four days when we arrived, so the roads were very muddy. A. was raining B. would be raining C. had been raining D. have rained 33. When and where to build the new school ____ yet. A. have not been decided B. are not decided C. has not been decided D. has not decided 34. This cloth you bought is cheap, but it ____well A. is worn B. wore C. wears D. wearing 35. Here ____ the professor and writer as well as his friends. A. has come B. comes C. come D. are coming 36. My money____. I must go to the bank to draw some of my savings out before I’ve none in hand. A. has run out B. is running out C. has been run out D. is being run out 37. Be careful! Don’t get the orange juice on your shirt, for it ____. A. isn’t washed out B. won’t be washed out C. won’t wash out D. isn’t washing out 38. Robert ____ me his address the other day, but I’m afraid I ____it. A. had given; lost B. has given; have lost C. gave; have lost D. gives; have lost 39. Shelly ____ California for Texas in 1996 and ____ there ever since. A. left; worked B. has left; had worked C. left; has worked D. has left; worked 40. — I thought I asked you to fix the radio. — Oh, I’m sorry. Mother, I ____ it right now. A. am to do B. will do C. was about to do D. am going to do 41. If she doesn’t tell him the truth now, he’ll simply keep on asking her until she ____. A. does B. has done C. will do D. would do 42. He ____ to the airport to meet us, but he had to leave before we arrived. A. did go B. didn’t go C. would go D. had gone 43. I ____ to come over to see you last night, but someone called and I couldn’t get away. A. intended B. had intended C. was intending D. was intended 44. — Bob has gone to New York, I hear. — Oh, I wonder when he ____. A. had left B. leaves C. left D. was leaving 45. — Look at the black clouds. It ___soon. — Sure. If only we ____out. A. is raining; didn’t come B. is to rain; won’t start C. will rain; haven’t started D. is going to rain; hadn’t come 46. She ____ to the office than she got down to writing the report. A. has no sooner got B. had hardly got C. no sooner got D. had no sooner got 47. Beijing Children’s Library ____ four branch libraries in different districts. They can receive more readers than before. A. will set up B. has been set up C. has set up D. set up 48. — Can you attend the conference tomorrow, Bob? — I think I can when my stomachache ____ completely. A. will disappear B. is disappearing C. disappears D. will have disappeared 49. I don’t know what decision ____ at the conference, as Mike hasn’t reported to me yet. A. is made B. was made C. has made D. had made 50. — Do you smoke? — No, I don’t. It’s two years since I ____. A. smoked B. have smoked C. has smoked D. don’t smoke 51. Although the children have many difficulties, they ____ happy. A. have kept B. are keeping C. keep D. kept 52. The harder you ____, the greater progress you ____. A. will study; will make B. study; will make C. study; make D. will study; make 53. Peter is to study medicine when he ____ middle school. A. will finish B. has finished C. finished D. would finish 54. Come and sit down by the fire. Your hand ____. A. is felt so cold B. feels so cold C. feels so coldly D. is feeling so coldly 55. You ____ me if I am wrong. A. must obey B. don’t have to obey C. wouldn’t have obeyed D. can’t have obeyed 56. — May I hand in the composition tomorrow? — No, you ____, because I have to go through all of your compositions this evening. A. can’t B. needn’t C. won’t D. shouldn’t 57. If you won’t do as I tell you, you ____ go to the dance. A. won’t B. shan’t C. shouldn’t D. mustn’t 58. All the people started early so that they ____ there in time. A. got B. was getting C. could get D. must get 59. — I saw Annie in the supermarket yesterday. — You ____ her; she is still studying abroad. A. mustn’t see B. can’t have seen C. mustn’t have seen D. couldn’t see 60. When I was at school, I ____ up very late, reading story-books. A. used to stay B. used to staying C. was used to stay D. am used to staying 61. — Mr. Wang, I will fetch four chairs for the meeting. — You ____ fetch four; two will do. A. shouldn’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. can’t 62. — My little daughter is coughing worse than ever. — She ____ to the hospital yesterday. A. had to be taken B. should have taken C. must have been taken D. ought to have been taken 63. — I don’t know why he is late. — Nor do I. He ____ an accident. A. could have had B. should have had C. might have had D. must have had 64. — Where is Jack? I can’t find him anywhere. — He ____ his homework upstairs. A. might have done B. must have done C. must be doing D. must do 65. The suggestion the English teacher gave is that the boy ____ more speaking. A. must do B. should do C. would do D. does
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66. It was possible that I ____ go to America at that time. A. may B. shall C. might D. should 67. She ____ into the thick forest alone on such a dark night. A. dares not go B. dares not to go C. dare not to go D. doesn’t dare to go 68. — Did you listen to the report? — No. We ____ the meeting, but we had a lot of traffic on our way there. A. must have attended B. shouldn’t have attended C. could attended D. could have attended 69. I’ve decided to take the job and I ____ change my mind. A. mustn’t B. can’t C. won’t D. may not 70. My parents never remember my telephone number, and they always ____look it up. A. must B. can C. should D. have to 71. We tried to stop him from going there, but he just ____ listen. A. won’t B. wouldn’t C. might not D. may not 72. — ____ he use your bike? — Certainly. Here is the key. A. Does B. Must C. Shall D. Will 73. Oh, dear! What on earth ____this mean? A. could B. can C. may D. might 74. English is a language that many people around the world ____ not speak perfectly but ____ at least understand. A. would; might B. will; must C. might; could D. can; may 75. — ____ it be Li Ping who broke the glass? — No. It ____ be Wu Dong who did it. A. Could ; may B. Can; can C. May; must D. Can; must 76. Tom insisted that what he said ____ true and we insisted that he ____ and have a look. A. be; should go B. should be; would go C. was; go D. was; would go 77. I’m sorry I’m so busy now. I wish I ____ with you. A. can go B. could go C. had gone D. have gone 78. There was plenty of time; she ____. A. must have hurried B. may have hurried C. needn’t have hurried D. would have hurried 79. — With the help of my father, I finished my homework. — Oh, Jim. You ____ it yourself. A. must have done B. need have done C. can do D. should have done 80. When the old man was alive, he ____ sit for hours at the door. A. would B. could C. must D. might 81. The children asked whether they ____ go for a swim. A. were able to B. can C. could D. may 82. — When can I come for the dress? I need it the day after tomorrow. — It ____ be ready by 6 pm. A. can B. should C. might D. need 83. — I was late again this morning. — Well, I think you had better ____ early. A. start off B. to start out C. started off D. starting out 84. — Shall we go swimming or stay at home? — Which ____ do? A. do you rather B. would you rather C. will you rather D. should you rather 85. — Are you going to see the film with us? — I’m not sure. I ____ go to Johnson’s party instead. A. must B. would C. should D. might 86. Michael ____ be a policeman, for he’s much too short. A. needn’t B. can’t C. should D. may 87. — Why didn’t you come to see me? — I ____, but I was too busy yesterday. A. like to B. should love to C. would like to have D. am going to 88. He ____ the meeting, so he stayed at home. A. needn’t have attended B. didn’t need to attend B. didn’t need attend D. needn’t to have attend 89. — Shall I tell John about it? — No, you ____. I’ve told him already. A. needn’t B. wouldn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t 90. — There were already five people in the car but they managed to take me as well. — It ____ a comfortable journey. A. can’t be B. shouldn’t be C. mustn’t have been D. couldn’t have been 91. Jack, you ____ play with the knife; you ____ hurt yourself. A. won’t; can’t B. mustn’t; may C. shouldn’t; must D. can’t; should 92. — Will you stay for lunch? — Sorry, I ____. My mother is coming to see me. A. mustn’t B. can’t C. needn’t D. won’t 93. After he has his meal, he ____ go to that coffee shop at the corner. A. used to B. will C. had better D. dare 94. Yesterday Jane walked away from the discussion. Otherwise, she ____ something she would regret later. A. had said B. said C. might say D. might have said 95. — Could I call you by your first name? — Yes, you ____. A. will B. could C. may D. might 96. — Is John coming by air? — He should, but ____ not. He likes taking trains. A. must B. can C. need D. may 97. Mr. Bush is on time for everything. How ____ it be that he was late for the important meeting? A. can B. should C. may D. must 98. You can’t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman ____ be so rude to a lady. A. might B. need C. should D. would 99. How ____ you say that you really understand the whole story if you have covered only part of the article? A. can B. must C. need D. may 100. — I heard they went skiing in the mountains last winter. — It ____ be true because there was little snow there. A. may not B. won’t C. couldn’t D. mustn’t

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参考答案 1.A。根据 sorry 一词可以判断出 Anna 小姐正在给她朋友打电话,故用现在进行时。 2.C。 Nancy 上大学时讲三门外语,用一般过去时符合题意;从 but I am surprised to find...来看,应该是叙述她目前对这三门 外语的掌握情况,故用现在完成时。 3.C。 “by the end of +表将来的时间”通常和将来完成时连用。complete 用作及物动词,此处要用被动语态。 4.D。You are wanted on the phone.为固定表达;“I am coming.”意思是“(我)来啦!”,符合上下文语意。 5.A。从主句的时态可以判断出,要解决的问题是目前存在的问题;从 quickly 一词可以看出用进行时态合适,故选 A。 6.C。问句是问过去发生的事,因此,答语中要用过去时态才符合逻辑。 7.B。 “will be doing sth.”为将来进行时,口语中常用此时态表示将来某时正发生的事。该题从句中用一般现在时表示一 段时间或很长时间内不变的计划或安排。 8.A。 “杰克和迈克一直在往屋里搬运‘你’要的家具。 ”这句话正是英语中现在完成进行时常表达的含义。 9.A。学生为 Haley 教授送行的事实发生在他告诉我之前,故而要用过去完成时。 10.C。此处的 spread 为过去式,作不及物动词用。 11.D。 “be hidden”表示躲藏的状态;选项 B 时态错误。 12.B。 didn’t expect to...”表示“我原没有料到……”,符合题意。 “I 13.D。从句中的主语是 he,因此 A、C 不正确;“be to blame”是固定结构,意为“应该受到责备” 。 14.B。问句问的是过去发生的事,答语也应用过去时;“spend time (in) doing sth.(花费时间做某事)”是固定结构。 15.B。从“but you’ve saved me the trouble now”可以判断出“我”没有给“你”打电话,因此“was about to call(刚要 打电话)”符合题意。 16.A。主从句的时态通常应保持一致。这儿用过去将来时态符合题意。 17.A。 the time” “by 通常和过去完成时或将来完成时连用,其引导的从句通常使用一般过去时或一般现在时。 根据问句, 应选 A。 18.C。 “我”本来非常想参加他们的晚会,可是没人邀请。谈的是过去发生的事,用一般过去时符合题意。 19.A。强调“死”这个动作?熏用 die;强调“死”的状态?熏用 be dead。根据从句中的时态来看,选 A 合适。 20.B。 21.B。在时间状语从句中可以用现在完成时表示将来, 强调从句的动作发生在主句谓语所表示动作之前。 22.B。 “he is expected...”意为“人们预计他……” 。 23.A。表示客观真理常用一般现在时。 24.B。表示“一整天都在做某事(此时该动作还没有结束)”要用现在完成进行时。 25.D。 “request sb.(not) to do sth.要求某人(不要)做某事”是固定结构,根据题干,应使用被动语态。 26.C。break out(爆发)没有被动语态。 27.C。在此之前,“我”认为“杨利伟”明天才能到这儿,此题应注意否定转移和 not...until...句型。 28.B。always 同进行时态连用通常表示说话者赞扬、责备、厌恶等情绪。 29.B。 “这些年她都在做什么?”要用现在完成进行时来表示。 30.A。根据宾语从句中的时态可以判断出正确答案,选项 B 的错误在于 told 后缺间接宾语。 31.C。用过去进行时的被动语态表示动作的持续。 32.C。根据题意及“for four days”,应采用过去完成进行时。 33.C。when and where to build the new school 指的是“一件事”,故谓语动词用单数形式,且 decide 一词用作及物动词, 所以应用被动语态。 34.B。 wear well 意为 “耐用” 某些可以用来表达事物内在品质或属性的动词(如:draw, read, sell, wash, write, open, shut), 。 常用主动形式表示被动含义。 35.B。 36.B。由后文看出, 钱还未用完,故用现在进行时表将来。 37.C。解析见 34。 38.C。 39.C。由于有明确的过去时间(in 1996),故第一空应用 left;ever since 常与完成时态连用。 40.B。此处用 will do 表示临时决定要做的事。 41.A。主句用一般将来时,until/ when/ before / unless/if 等引导的从句常用一般现在时表将来。 42.A。助动词 does/do/did +动词原形, 起加强语气的作用。 43.B。 intended/ thought/ planned/ wanted / expected/ hoped to do sth.等常用来表示主语未曾达到的希望、 had 愿望或打算。 44.C。 45.D。be going to do sth.常见的用法为:①表示按计划或安排打算去做某事,②表示有迹象表明要发生某事, 此题是第二 个用法。if only 引起的句子中谓语部分要用虚拟语气, 与过去事实相反时, 用过去完成时。 46.D。在 no sooner... than...句型中,主句用过去完成时,从句常用一般过去时。 47.C。 48.C。 49.B。 50.A。since 从句中动词若为延续性动词, 则意为“自从不……以来 51.C。keep 此处为系动词。 52.B。The more..., the more...句型中,前句相当于条件状语从句,用一般现在时; 后句是主句,用一般将来时。 53.B。 54.B。 55.B。must do 表示“必须做……”;would have done 构成过去将来完成时或用于虚拟语气的句子中;can’t have done 表示对过去发生
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情况的否定推测;don’t have to do 表示“不必要做……”,显然符合题意。 56.A。 57.B。shall 用于第二、三人称,表示说话人的意愿,有命令、警告、威胁、强制、允诺、决心之意?鸦条件句中的 will 表示意愿,won’t 可译为“不肯” 。 58.C。so that 引导的目的状语从句中通常要使用 can/could 等情态动词。 59.B。 60.A。used to do 是指过去习惯做某事。选项 A 符合题意。 61.C。needn’t 表示“没必要” 。 62.D。ought to have done 和 should have done 都可表示“本来应该做而没有做”;该题应使用被动语态,故 D 正确。 63.C。may/might have done 表示对过去发生情况的可能性推测。 64.C。must be doing 是对目前正在发生的事进行推测。 65.B。suggestion(建议)作主语,其后所接的名词性从句中,谓语部分应使用(should)+ 动词原形。 66.D。句型“It is+natural/right/necessary/important/no wonder+ that 从句”中,从句谓语常用 should+动词原形 。 67.D。dare 用作情态动词时,没有人称和数的变化,主要用于疑问、否定以及条件句中,其后跟动词原形,故选项 A、C 不 正确;如果用作 行为动词,其否定形式要借助于助动词,后常接带 to(有时可省略)的不定式。 68.D。could have done 可以用来表示“本来可以做而实际上并没有做到。 ” 69.C。will 表示“诺言”,won’t 可理解为“保证不” 。 70.D。must 表示“主观愿望”;have to 表示“客观需要” 。 71.B。 72.C。shall 用于第一、三人称的疑问句中, 表示征求对方意见。 73.B。can 除表示能力或许可外, 还可表示怀疑、惊异、不相信等, 主要用于否定句、疑问句和感叹句中。 74.C。may/might not 表示“可能不,可能没有”;could 此处表示能力 。 75.D。 76.C。 77.B。 78.C。 79.D。 80.A。would 作为情态动词,可以用来表示(过去时间的)习惯性动作或倾向。 81.C。 could 此处表示许可。 able to 表示能力时,可以与 can 互换,但当表示过去成功地做成了某事时,通常采用 was/were be able to。如:The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone was able to get out.(NMET’97) 82.B。should 此处表示可能性,译为“应该” 。 83.A。 84. B。 85. D。 86.B。can’t/couldn’t 意为“不可能” 。 87.C。would like to have (done)意为“本来想做的事而事实上并没有做” 。 88.B。 89.A。 90.D。 91.B。 92.B。 93.B。will 表示倾向、习惯,可译为“总是会,老是” 。 94.D。 95.C。may 表示“许可”,此处也可用 can。 96.D。 97.A。 98.C。should 在某些从句中可以用来表示惊异、不以为然等情绪,此处可译为“竟然” 。 99.A。 100.C。

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