9512.net
甜梦文库
当前位置:首页 >> 外语学习 >>

定语从句讲解PPT图表


定语从句高考考点例析
The best way you can get

Complex sentence 复合句:
由连词连接两个或多个主谓结构的句子,其中一个主谓结构是句子 的主要部分(主句),另一个或一个以上的主谓结构只在句子中作 某个成分(如主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语、同位语)。 复合句 = 主句 + 定语从句 另一个或一个以上的主谓结构 只在句子中作某个成分(定语)

一个主谓结构是句子 的主要部分(主句)

The students (who do not study hard )will not pass the exam.

主句主语 从句主语 从句谓语结构

主句谓语结构

Attributive clause:
在句子中作定语,修饰名词或代词的从句。这种从句由关系代词 或关系副词引导,并作句子成分。 定语从句还叫做嵌入句, 因形容词定语,所以又称之为形容词性从句。
定语从句的位置:通常在先行词(在主句中)后。

定 语 从 句 的 引 导 词

关系 代词

指人
指物

who(主语、宾语),whom(宾语), that(主语、宾语), whose(定语) that(主语、宾语),which(主语、宾语) whose(定语)

where (地点状语) 关系 副词 when (时间状语)

why (原因状语)

Attributive clause:
限制性定语从句 restrictive
是先行词在意义上不可缺少的定语, 如果去掉, 主句的意思就不完整或失去意义。这种从 句和主句关系十分密切, 写时不用逗号分开。

非限制性定语从句non-restrictive

和主句关系不很密切,只是对先行词作些附加说 明, 如果去掉,主句的意思仍然清楚。这种从句, 写时往往逗号分开。

I was the only person who was invited. in my office

Jenny, with whom I played table tennis yesterday, lives in my next room.

The man who came here yesterday has come again.

That is Mr. Wang, whose daughter teaches English at a middle school.

注意:引导非限制性定语从句的关系代词不可用that,指人时用who(主 语),whom(宾语),指物时须用which.

考点一:如何判定用关系代词还是用关系副词
1、找出定语从句中是否主语和宾语都齐全。如齐全用关系副词。 用什么关系副词看先行词。 when I I will never forget the days (______ _ stayed with ___ you).

___ Jurassic Park is about a park ______ (a very rich man keeps different where ________ Kinds of dinosaurs). when _______ ___ 1958 was the year ______ (Spielberg made his first real film).

Please give me the reason _____ (you made such a great success). why ___ _____
when ___ Morning is the best time ______ (you practise ______ aloud). reading ________ Do you remember the lake where (you first met your girlfriend.) _____ ___

考点一:如何判定用关系代词还是用关系副词
2、如定语从句中缺宾语,确定定语从句的谓语动词是不是及物 动词,如是,用关系代词,如不是,用关系副词。 where ____ Yesterday we went to visit the house ______ (the great writer used in which to ___ live). which The house ______ (they built in 1987) stayed up in the earthquake. that ___ ___ who / whom I ____ Luckily none of the people _____ ( _ know) were killed in the that earthquake. / when __________________ My father was born in the year ______(the Second World War in which broke out). _______

考点一:如何判定用关系代词还是用关系副词
3、如定语从句中谓语结构是被动结构,有主语,则用关系副词。
Kunming is a beautiful place where ( flowers are seen all the ______ year round). October 1st is the day ________ ( new China was founded). when Which The window ( ______ was opened this morning) has been broken. that Which The meeting ( ______ will be held next week) is very important. that

考点二:that和which的选择
(1) that指物时一般可以与which互换,但在下列情况 引导词只用that,不用which。 ①当先行词为all, much, little, few, none, something, anything, everything, nothing等不定代词时,如: a. All that can be done has been done. b. I am sure she has something (that) you can borrow. c. There is little (that) the enemy can do besides surrender. ② 先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much修饰时:

I’ve read all the books (that) you gave me.

考点二:that和which的选择
③先行词是序数词或形容词最高级修饰时。 This is the best book (that) I’ve ever read. This is the first composition (that) he has written in English. ④先行词被the only, the very, the last 修饰时。 That white flower is the only one (that) I really like. This is the very book (that) I want to find. ⑤ 当有两个或两个以上分别表示人和物的先行词时,这个定 语从句要用that而不用who (whom)和which引导。如: He talked about the teachers and schools (that) he had visited.

考点二:that和which的选择
⑥先行词是疑问词who, which, what 时,定语从句用that 而不用who, (whom)和which引导。
Who is the person that is standing at the gate? Which of us that knows something about physics does not know this? What that is on the table belongs to me? ⑦ 当关系代词在从句中作表语时: Mary is no longer the girl (that) she used to be. China is no longer the country that it used to be.

考点二:that和which的选择
(2)只用which的情况 Which可以引导非限定性定语从句,可用于介词后,其 先行词可是一个词,也可是整个主句或主句的某一部分。 1 She heard a terrible noise, ______ brought her heart B into her mouth. A. it B. which C. this D. that

B 2. The weather turned out to be good, ___ was more than we could expect. A. what B. which C. that D. it

考点三:as与which引导的定语从句
※对这两个词作如下归纳: 1、如果定语放主句后,即引用as也可以用which.
He failed to the exam, as (=which) is natural. She seems a scientist, as (=which) in fact she is.

Grammar is not a dead rule, which (=as) I have said before.
2、如果从句在主句前,这时要用as而不用which引导 定语从句。如: As we all know, his parents were killed in the war. As we all know, the earth is round.

考点三:as与which引导的定语从句
3.用于the same…as…,such…as…,as…as…, so…as…中,一般用as。 e.g. Such books as you tell me are interesting. This is the same book as I lent you yesterday.

Here is so big a stone as no man can lift.
4.as代表前面主句意思时,有“正如…”之意,而which没有 此意思,从句中的动词常是expect, know, see, think, want, suppose等。

He won the match, as we had expected.
He agreed to the plan, as was to be expected. The police were looking for him, as he thought.

考点三:as与which引导的定语从句
5. as在从句中作主语时,后面常接行为动词的被动语态, 如be known,be said,be reported等,如从句中行为 动词是主动语态,一般要用which作主语。 e.g. She has been late again, as was expected. Tom has made great progress, which made us happy. 6.如果从句的内容对主句内容起着消极作用,或者说导致的 结果,则用which. a. He cheated his friend of mach money, which was very disgraceful.

b. He came back late, which made his mother worried.

考点四:关系代词前介词的确定
如何选定介词: 1.根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系,请体会: e.g. Is that the newspaper for which you often write articles? 2. 根据从句中动词或形容词的习惯搭配,如: e.g. Can you explain to me how to use these idioms about which I’m sure.

3. 根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯,请体会: e.g. 1949 was the year in which the P.R.C. was founded.

考点四:关系代词前介词的确定
4.非限制性定与从句中,要表示先行词的一部分时,可 用“数词/代词 + of + 关系代词”的结构,如:

e.g. There are 50 students in our class, twowhom have been to Beijing.

thirds of

5. Whose从句可转换为“ of +关系代词”型,如: e.g. They live in a house, whose door opens to the south. They lived in a house, of which the door opens to the south. They lived in a house, the door of which open to the south.

考点四:关系代词前介词的确定
? 关系副词when, where, why可以用适当的介词+which来替代。 如:when=in/on/at…+which, where=in/on/at…+which, why=for+which 介词的位置非常灵活,有时放在关系代词之前,有时放在动 词之后。 ? eg. 1. I won’t forget the date when( on which) I was born. ? 2. This is the room where (in which) I lived. = This is the room which I lived in.
? 3. I don’t know the reason why (for which) he haven’t come today.

?

4. Tom still remembers the days when (in which) they lived in Tianjin.

思考?是否所有的介词+关系代词都能用关系副词代替?
at which The painting (__________ I looked) was painted by me. about which The book (______________ I heard) was written twenty years ago. with which The pen (____________ she wrote that book) can now be seen in a museum. during which The film (_____________I fell asleep) was very boring.

where/in which Kunming is a beautiful place _____________ ( flowers are seen all the year round). on which/when I will never forgot the day _____________ I first met you on the ship.
结论:只有当介词+关系代词充当地点状语、时间状语或原因状语 时,才能用关系副词代替。

Correct the sentences:
1. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday. __ (去掉) 2. Is that factory which your father once worked in? ^ the one 3. The man whom I spoke is from Canada. ^ to 4. July 1,1999 is the day when we’ll never forget. ____ which 5. The students and things which you spoke of are known to us. ____ that

5.Einstein is such a great scientist ____ we must learn from. that as
6. The student _____ book I had borrowed didn’t come to who’s school today. Whose 7. Who is the worker who took some pictures of the factory. ____ that 8. It is the one of the best films which have been shown ____ recently. that ____ 9.The third place which we are going to visit is Hangzhou that As _____ 10.Which is known to all, many satellite are going around in the sky.

练习题
1、All______ is useful to us is good.
A、which

C

B、what
C、that D、whether

2、Is this factory ____ we visited last week.

D

A、where
B、that

C、which
D、the one

3、She will never forget the day_____
she spent in Beijing. A、when B、what C、which

C

D、why

4、This is the school _______ my father
worked 20 years ago. A、that B、when C、which

D

D、where

5、This is the very factory_______we visited last year. A、that B、which
C、what D、the one

A

6、The text is one of the most interesting
stories_______learnt in the past

B

three days.
A、that have

B、that have been
C、which has D、which has been

7、The college won’t take anyone _____

B

eyesight is weak.
A、who B、whose C、of whom

D、which

8、Let me think of a proper situation

_______ this sentence can be used. A、where
B、that

A

C、of whom
D、which

9、The man _______ you are talking is
in the next room.

B

A、to whom
B、about whom

C、about who
D、whom

10、This is the last factory ___ he used to work at, many workers of _____ still have a good relationship with him.

C

A、that; it
B、which; whom

C、that; which
D、which; that

11、Those _____ to take part in the game

B

write down your names.
A、who

B、who want
C、what wants

D、want

12、I,______ you good friend, will try my best to help you out. A、who is B、what is
C、what am

D

D、who am

13、His walking stick, ____ he can’t
walk, was lost yesterday. A、that

D

B、with which
C、which D、without which

14、They have decided to finish their

work, ______, I think is a wise choice.
A、that B、what C、which

C

D、whether

15、I don’t like the way _____ he spoke to me. A、by that

D

B、what
C、by which

D、/

16、This is the only thing _____ I can
do now.

C

A、what
B、which

C、that
D、all

17、There are three libraries in our school, _______ were built five years ago. A、all of them B、either of them C、all of which

C

D、both of that

18、He told me the reason _____ he
didn’t come here. A、which

C

B、that
C、why D、what

19、This is the reason ______ he told me.

A

A、that
B、why

C、on which
D、for that

20、Which of the two cows ______ you keep produces more milk?

B

A、which
B、that

C、what
D、as



更多相关文章:
【最精品】英语高考复习---定语从句讲解及练习解析_图文
搜试试 3 悬赏文档 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 广告 百度文库 教育专区 ...【最精品】英语高考复习---定语从句讲解及练习解析_高三英语_英语_高中教育_...
定语从句的研究与分析
搜试试 3 悬赏文档 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 广告 百度文库 教育专区 ...定语从句考点总结与分析 8页 免费 定语从句分析讲解 暂无评价 58页 2下载券 ...
定语从句.ppt.Convertor
定语从句详解ppt 20页 1财富值 定语从句讲解.ppt 28页 免费如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心;如要提出功能问题或意见建议,请点击此处进行反馈。 ...
高中定语从句详解
高中定语从句详解_音频/视频技巧_PPT制作技巧_PPT专区。定语从句练习题届高三英语语法专项复习教案 射阳县盘湾中学 2008 届高三英语语法专项复习教案 http:// www....
英语学习方法PPT
英语学习方法PPT_农学_高等教育_教育专区。英语学习...有些学生死啃语法书或死背授课老师的语法规则,...例如,有的同学学习了定语从句与同位语从句后,对 ...
英语课PPT
英语课PPT_英语_小学教育_教育专区。孔玮老师的课!...(四)语法综合应用及定语从句 一、语法综合应用 前...drawing, (画) =cartoon, (漫画) =chart (图表)...
状语从句(超详细讲解)
搜 试试 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 百度文库 PPT专区 PPT制作技巧 ...前者where引导地点状语从句,后者 引导地点状语从句, 引导定语从句, 引导地点状语...
语法讲座---名词性从句ppt
定语从句,that 在从句中作宾语) 2)The news that Tom would go abroad is told by him.(汤姆将出国的消息是他讲的。 ) (同位语从句,that 在句中不作...
英语ppt整理
英语ppt整理_文化/宗教_人文社科_专业资料。Unit one...“terrestrial communities do” 是定语从句, 修饰 ...(是) make sense: 讲得通,有意义 make sense of...
初中英语定语从句系统讲解及配套练习
搜试试 3 悬赏文档 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 广告 百度文库 教育专区 ...初中英语定语从句系统讲解及配套练习 一.定语从句的概念 在复合句中,修饰某一...
更多相关标签:

All rights reserved Powered by 甜梦文库 9512.net

copyright ©right 2010-2021。
甜梦文库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com|网站地图