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语法填空题解题指导 (1)



高考新题型
语法填空专项攻克

Step1
探究高考,发现考点

一、观察与思考
(2014广东卷)
Last year, my brother and I went to Miami for a vacation. Some of my friends who had been there before said 16 was a wonderful holiday destination. Before we went, we had planned for months. When the day came, we were ready. After our plane landed, we went to the hotel. We had made our reservation six months 17 (early), but the man at the front desk said there had been a mistake. We 18 (tell) that our rooms hadn’t been reserved for that week, 19 for the week after. I didn’t understand 20 this would happen and my credit card had already been charged 21 the reservation. What’s worse, the hotel had been fully booked. When we were wondering what to do, the manager came out. She was 22 (surprise) helpful. She apologized for the mistake and gave us a spare VIP room on 23 top floor. We had never stayed in such an amazing room, and we weren’t charged extra. The next day, my brother and I went to the beach 24 we watched some people play volleyball. We got a 25 (sunburn), but the day had been so relaxing that we didn’t mind. Jonny: Hey! I’m just practicing Tai Chi (太极). Would you like to join me? Peter: I know nothing about it. Is it difficult? Jonny: It seems easy, but you need a lot of practice. You just follow me like this. Peter: OK. Don’t laugh 61 me. I may look funny. Jonny: Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches, naturally and 62 (soft). Try to keep your body straight. Move slowly, then be sure to keep your balance and don’t let your body shake. Peter: I cannot control my body well. My legs become 63 (pain). Jonny: Keep 64 (hold) your position for a while. It helps develop your strength and flexibility. Raise your leg and let 65 stay in the air for seconds. Peter: I feel my legs shaking. I cannot do this any longer. Jonny: Be patient! Tai Chi 66 (call) “shadow boxing” in English. It asks you to act like water: to be flexible as well 67 strong. In real competition, a Tai Chi master borrows the strength of the competitor and uses this energy to fight back. The 68 (hard) you try to beat him, the more likely you will get hit. He controls you! Peter: Unbelievable! Oh..., 69 you don’t mind, I’ll stop and take a deep 70 .

(2014辽宁卷)

从文章的形式来看,有_______ _和__ _______. 对话体 短文体 从设空形式来看,有有提示词形式 __________________和___ __________ 纯空格形式

2014年全国课标Ⅰ卷、Ⅱ卷考点分析
试题 类型 纯空格 有提示词 名 形副 词 容/
词词

考查 冠 代 介 连 助 动 内容 词 词 词 词 动 词 词 Ⅰ卷 1 0 0 2 0 2 Ⅱ卷 0 1 1 1 1 4 总和 1 1 1 3 1 6

1 0 1

4 2 6

Step 2
有提示词 (给出动词时)

规律:
动词

时态
谓语 语态 主谓一致

doing
非谓语 done

to do
词性的转化 抓住主谓结构,确定主句,剩下的部分,如有 非谓语 。 连词,则是句子,否则就用_________

Have a try
caught 1.(2014 全国课标Ⅱ,65) A boy on a bike _________ (catch ) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. 2. (2012广东卷,16) He suddenly appeared in class one wearing day, __________(wear) sun glasses. 3. (2013湖南,31) ________(stay) warm at night, I To stay would fill the woodstove, then set my alarm clock for midnight so I could refill it. accompanied 4.(2014湖南,21) Children, when theyare ______________ (accompany) by their parents, are allowed to enter the stadium.

5. (2014辽宁) Tai Chi is called 66

(call)

“shadow boxing” in English. 6. Tai Chi called 66 (call) “shadow boxing” in English, is very popular among the elder people in China.

Step2有提示词
(给出名词、形容词或副词时)
1.(2014全国新课标Ⅰ,62) The river was so polluted that itactually ______(actual) caught fire and burned. …like cleaning up a polluted river. Just patient (patience) . be _______ 2 . (2014广东,22) When we were wondering what to suprisingly do, the manager came out. She was _______ (surprise)helpful.

解题规律:
给出名词、形容词或副词时,则考虑:
(1)词形转化 (2)形容词或副词还有可能考查比较级或 最高级。 (3)名词的单复数

Have a try
1. (2008广东卷,39)This

proverb is saying we have to natural let things go in their ___________(nature) course . 2. (2009广东卷 ,36) But Jane knew from past choice experience that her ________(choose) of ties hardly ever pleased her father. 3. (2013广东卷,23 ) “But such a small thing couldn’t possibly (possible) destroy a village.” _________ 4. (2014浙江,13) The aim of education is to teach young people to think for themselves and not follow blindly (blind). others________

Step3纯空格题
(填冠词、介词、代词、连接词) 1. (2014全国课标Ⅱ,62) There were many people waiting at the bus stop, ______ and some of them looked very anxious and disappointed .

2.(2013全国课标Ⅱ, 4) Many countries are now setting up national parks_where/in ___________ __ animals which and plants can be protected. 3. (2014福建,34) Pick yourself up. Courage is doing _______ what you’re afraid to do ∧.

规律:若两个句子之间没有连词,也没有分 号或句号,一定是填并列连词或从属连词。

4. (2014全国课标Ⅰ,64) But river wasn’t changed or in a few days _____ even a few months.
规律:若两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连 词,可能填连词。
5. (2014广东) She apologized for the mistake and gave us a spare VIP room on the 23 top floor. 6. (2011广东) We had an 9 amazing conversation.

规律:名词前,若没有限定词(冠词、形容 词物主代词、不定代词),很可能填限定词。

7. (2009广东) She remembered how difficult it 1 was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father.
8. (2008广东) It is said that a short—tempered man in the Song Dynasty (960—1279) was very anxious to help his 3 rice crop grow up quickly.

规律:在简单句、并列句中,若句子缺主语 或宾语时,一定要填代词(人称代词、不定 代词、反身代词)。

Step 4

纯 空 填 格 题 语 法 填 空 有 提 示 词变 题

代词

冠词 介词
连词

并列连词 从属连词
时态、语态、第三人 谓语 称单数 非谓语 doing, done, to do

动词

名词 单复数,变其他词性
形容词/副词 词性转化,比较级、

Step 5

语法填空 DIY
With the development of industry, air pollution is getting more and more serious. In Beijing, many people suffer different kinds of illnesses because of air pollution. Air pollution is caused by the following reasons: about half of the problem is caused by vehicles. There are more and more cars, buses on the roads, and they give off poisonous gases. 25% of air pollution is caused by factories. Another factor is the smokers. Smoking not only

语法填空 DIY
does harm to their health but (also) to others. Besides these, about 10%of air pollution is caused by other reasons. We should take some measures to fight against pollution. New fuel can be used to take the place of gas. We can plant more trees. If everybody realizes the importance of environment and does something to stop pollution, the problem will be solved.

Balance the test pionts according to the following table (考点分配)
考点 具体内容 动词(谓语/非谓语) 名词 连词(从属连词/并列连词) 介词 代词 冠词 形容词/副词 特殊句式 数量 分值



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