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ddd07年高二能力竞赛



07 年高二能力竞赛 听力部分(共三大题,计 30 分)(略) 笔试部分 (共七大题,计 120 分) I. 选择填空(Multiple-choice) (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,计 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。(Beneath each of the following sentences there are four ch

oices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.) 31. A meeting has been held to discuss the effects of tourism ________ the wildlife in that area. A. in B. on C. at D. with

32. —Does Jane look like her mother or her sisters? —No, she looks like ________ in her family. A. somebody else C. everybody B. nobody else D. anybody else

33. ________ greatly, the players tried their best to win the game. A. Having been encouraged B. Being encouraged C. To encourage D. Encouraging 34. Tony is ________ the guidebook, looking for information about Paris, where he is going soon. A. tracing C. inspecting 35. —Did Mark come? —I don't know. He ________ have come while I was out. B. skipping D. scanning

A. might B. would C. must

D. should

36. Please tell me ________ you want your coffee, black or white? A. when B. what C. how D. which

37. Does it make ________ whether the conference will be held this week or next week? A. a change C. sense B. a way D. a difference

38. In ________ film Transformers,Shia LaBeouf plays ________ man named Sam Witwicky. A. a; the B. the; a C. the; the D. a; a

39. We all know that, ________, the situation will get worse. A. if not carefully dealt with B. if dealt not carefully with C. not if carefully dealt with D. not if dealt carefully with 40. I know a little bit about Spain as my parents and I ________ there several years ago. A. are going C. went B. have been D. had been

41. With her attention ________ on the book she was reading, she didn't notice that the teacher was standing near her desk. A. paid B. catching C. focused D. fixing 42. —What did you say? I didn't catch that. —Sorry, ________ A. and what do you mean?

B. let me repeat it. C. there's something wrong. D. pardon, please. 43. We'll have to finish the job, ________. A. however long it takes B. long however it takes C. it takes however long D. long it takes however 44. —David, it's Frank. Do you have a few minutes? I need to see you. —________. But I hope “a few minutes” doesn't turn into an hour. A. I'm afraid not C. I don't think so B. It doesn't matter D. I guess so

45. —Did you remember to give Renee the book you borrowed from her? —Yes, I gave it to her ________ I saw her. A. suddenly C. really B. immediately D. possibly

II. 阅读理解(Reading comprehension) (共 20 小题;选择题 5 小题,每小题 1 分, 非选择题 15 小题,每小题 2 分,计 35 分) A)选择题:阅读下面的短文,根据文意从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选 出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳选项。(Read the following passage which is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the passage.)

Dear 7th Grader, I am glad that you love your mother because the rest of your feelings about her may change as you get older and mature (成熟的). While it is true that your mother’s smoking, partying and cursing make you ashamed, the fact that you want to stay separate from her doings is notable (值 得注意的) and very smart. It shows that you are a winner, not a loser. I am guessing, therefore, that you do not bring shame to yourself, and that is a good thing. So keep it that way and keep away from your mother’s habits. At the same time, get the best grades you can and join clubs and other school activities. Offer to do community service on weekends and visit your friends at their homes. Unfortunately, you are not alone. Many teens live in homes with immature, misguided and selfish parents. Those kids often feel lonely and separate from the rest of their friends because of their parents’ bad behaviour. But they develop good friendships with nice kids, do well in school, and often find a teacher or guidance advisor who makes all the difference! Do it, and keep looking forward to your own fine future. Maybe by then your mother may even see the light and realise how surprising you really are. Best of luck! Michelle

46. The kid asks for advice on how to ________ . A. make her mother change B. deal with her situation C. get along well with her classmates D. start a new family 47. The girl can't move away from her family because ________ . A. she is still a school student B. her parents don't allow it C. she isn't mature and it is illegal D. Michelle told her not to 48. Michelle doesn't address her letter to“Prisoner of a Crazy House” possibly because she ________. A. tries to be polite B. doesn't write to the kid alone C. knows the girl is in Grade 7 D. wants to encourage the kid 49. According to the passage, Michelle advises the girl to ________. A. try talking to her mother about her future

B. stick to her attitude towards her mother's habits C. understand her mother's habits and get used to them D. try to keep away from her mother 50. What does Michelle mainly express by writing the last four paragraphs? A. Don't worry too much about the problem. B. Many parents act terribly.

C. Parents' manners make little difference. D. The girl is not speaking for herself. B)非选择题: 阅读下列材料, 然后按要求完成所给出的题目。 (Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions. Respond to the questions according to the passage.) A The best advice young men and women can hear these days is not “Get Rich”. It's “Go West”. (55) Those who hope to make their fortunes or, at the very least, find good jobs or life long careers have a better chance of doing so in China's western provinces than in the increasingly crowded eastern cities. Along the eastern coast, cities are filled with newcomers looking for work. They seek anything from the lowest-level unskilled jobs to instant-millionaire Internet chances of a lifetime. Few have found the latter, and few ever will. Some 160 years ago, young men and women streamed into New York, Philadelphia, Boston—the United States' equivalent of China's Shanghai, Guangzhou and Beijing. All of these young people were searching for work, for riches and for fame. Few found any of that. The rest joined the masses working hard at low-level jobs, trying to support themselves and their families. Horace Greeley, a well-known American newspaper editor of the period had sound advice for those seeking work. “Do not,” Greeley said, “lounge (sit or stand in a lazy way) in the cities! There is room and health in the country, away from the crowds of idles (people who waste time doing nothing) and imbeciles (a person of weak mind). Go West.” In the mid-19th century, when Greeley issued his call to go west, America was about to develop its western regions—much as China is today. Those who went West found jobs What was needed then in the American West is what is needed now in China's western regions. Men and women with determination should make something of themselves. This has nothing to do with the Internet. It has nothing to do with becoming a movie star, a pop music idol, or a Bill Gates clone. It has everything to do with skills, and with reality. Questions 51—54: Answer the questions or complete the statements.

51. Why does the author think “Go West” is the best advice for young people in China? 52. The author mentions the Americans of the mid-19th century because he wants ________. 53. The underlined word “sound” in the fourth paragraph means “________”. 54. What is needed in China's West now according to the author? Question 55: Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese.

Questions 56—58: Complete the table according to the passages with no more than four words in each blank.

Questions 59—60: Answer the questions. 59. What is Animal Hospital? 60. What is the purpose of these three advertisements? C The government of Norway is planning to build an unusual storage centre on an island in the Arctic Ocean. The place will be large enough to hold about two million seeds. The goal is to preserve all crops known to scientists. The British magazine New Scientist published details of the plan. The structure will be designed to protect the world's food supply against nuclear war, climate change and other possible threats. It will be built in a mountain on the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen. The mountain is less than one thousand kilometres from the North Pole, the northernmost position on earth. An international group called the Global Crop Diversity Trust is working on the project. The director of the group, Cary Fowler, spoke to New Scientist. He said the project would let the world rebuild agriculture if, in his words, “the worst came to the worst”. Norway is expected to start work next year. The project is expected to cost three million dollars. Workers will drill deep into the side of a sandstone mountain. Temperatures in the area never rise above 0℃. The seeds will be protected behind concrete (混凝土) walls a metre thick and high-security door. The magazine report says the collection will represent the products of ten thousand years of farming. Most of the seeds at first will come from collections at seed banks in Africa, Asia and Latin America. (65) To last a long time, seeds need to be kept at very low temperatures. Workers will not be present all the time, but they plan to replace the air inside the storage space each winter. Winter temperatures on the island are about eighteen degrees below 0℃. The cold weather would protect the seeds even if the air could not be replaced.

Mr Fowler says the proposed (计划的) structure will be the world's most secure gene bank. He says the plant seeds would only be used when all other seeds are gone for some reason. Norway first proposed the idea in the 1980s, but security concerns delayed the plan. Questions 61—64: Answer the questions or complete the statements. 61. The project is meant to ________________________ . 62. What is the most important factor in protecting the seeds? 63. Which word in the last paragraph means “secret”? 64. The title for the passage might be “Plan for a Noah's Ark (诺亚方舟) of ________ ”. (with no more than three words) Question 65: Translate the underlined sentences into Chinese. III. 完形填空(Cloze) (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,计 15 分) A) 阅读下面的短文, 结合文意用右边所给单词的适当形式填空。 (For questions 66-70, read the passage below. Use the word given in bold at the end of the line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.) All countries have good reason to be as (66)________ as possible, health since one of a country's greatest assets is an active population. Apart from questions of social justice, it is economic stupidity for a country to allow its people to suffer (67) ________ from ill health. This was the kind of (68)________ which led to the introduction think of a health service in many countries. In Britain this has developed into a “welfare state” in which all citizens, rich and poor alike, can get most health treatment free. The money for this is (69)________ part

unnecessary

raised by contributions from employers and (70) ________. employ B) 阅读下面的短文, 根据首字母提示在空白处填上适当的单词, 使短文意义完整。 (For questions 71-80, read the passage below. Complete it by filling in each blank with one word. The first letter of each word is given.) The story goes that some time ago, a man punished his three-year-old daughter for (71) w________ a roll of gold wrapping paper. Money was tight and he was furious when the child tried to (72) d________ a box. Nevertheless the little girl took the gift to her father the next morning and said, “This is for you, Daddy.” He was embarrassed by his (73) e________ overreaction, but his anger flared again (74) w________ he found the box was (75) e________. He yelled at her, “Don't you know when you give someone a present, there is (76) s________ to be something inside it?” The little girl looked up at him with tears in her eyes and said, “Oh Daddy, it was not empty. I blew (77) k________ into the box. All for you, Daddy.” The father was crushed. He put his arms around his little girl and he begged for her (78) f________. An accident took the life of the little child only a short time later and it is told that the man kept that gold box by his bed for many years, and whenever he was discouraged, he would take out an (79) i________ kiss and remember the love of the child who had put it in there. In a very real sense, each of us as humans have been given a gold container filled with unconditional love and kisses from our children, friends, family or God. There is no more precious (80) p________ anyone could hold. IV. 翻译(Translation) (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,计 10 分) 用括号中所给的提示将下列句子译成英语。 (Translate the following sentences into English, using the hints given in the brackets.) 81. 你说的话与我们现在关心的事情无关。(relate) 82. 会上有人建议我们马上采取措施处理这个问题。(虚拟语气) 83. 让我最感到迷惑的是他如何能徒步走这么远。(名词性从句) 84. 每个学生都急于想知道考试的结果, 希望考出好成绩。(eager)

85. 他踮着脚走进房间,为的是不惊醒熟睡的婴儿。(so as to) V. 短文改错(Error correction) (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,计 10 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行 右边横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜 线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。 Before lunch Allen happened to see a man fished 86. ________

in

a ditch about five metre away from a bar. Allen watched 87. ________ curiously. Everyone passing over the man who was fishing 88. ________ regarded him like a foolish man. Allen's heart went out 89. ________ to him. He said kindly to fisherman, “Hello, will 90. ________ you please do me a favour and have a drink with 91. ________

me

in the bar?” The man gladly received his invitation. 92. ________ After buying the man several glasses soft-drinks, Allen asked, “You are fishing there, right? How much fish have you caught this morning?”

93. ________

94. ________

95. ________

“You are number eight,” said the man with a laugh. VI. 智力测试(IQ) (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,计 5 分) 回答下列问题。(Answer the following questions.) 96. “I know a question which can never be answered ‘Yes',” said Sam. “So do I,” said Joe. “How about ‘Are you a gorilla?' I could never answer that with a yes.” “Oh, yes you could,” objected Sam. “You would just have to lie. The question I have in mind could never be answered with a yes, even by the most brazen liar.” What was the question Sam had in mind? 97. Insert (插入) the correct mathematical signs to make the calculation work: 7 8 20 32=44

98. Which is correct, “All fish have warm blood” or “All fishes are warm-blooded”?

99. This box is 1m×1m×50cm. How many can be packed into a container of 9m×5m×3m? (见左图)

100. ROSE is to BUSH as APPLE is to ________. VII. 写作(Writing) (共 2 题;A 题满分 10 分,B 题满分 20 分,计 30 分) A) According to the main idea given below, write a passage of about 80 words, in addition to those given. Use your imagination in creating details. In different countries, people become “adult” at different ages. Being an adult means having the right to do certain things like get a part-time job, etc. It also means accepting the responsibilities that accompany these rights. B) Write a composition giving your own views on the following topic:

Advantages and disadvantages of the Internet. Write your composition in 120-150 words. I. 31-35 BBADA 36-40 CDBAC 41-45 CBADB II. 46-50 BCDBA 51. Because there are more chances of success there than in the East. 52. young Chinese to learn from their experience 53. sensible or based on reason 54. People with skills. 55. 那些希望致富,至少希望找到好工作或终身职业的人在中国西部各省比在日益拥 挤的东部城市有更好的发展机会。 56. pet owners 57. true stories about Newton 58. £12.99 59. A TV programme. 60. To sell the books. 61. protect crop seeds from dying out in case of possible disasters 62. The low temperature. 63. Secure. 64. Plant Seeds 65. 种子需要被低温保存以延长保存时间。工人们不会始终在场。但是他们计划每年 冬天更换一次储藏地点的空气。 III. A) 66. healthy 67. unnecessarily 68. thinking 69. partly 70. employees

B) 71. wasting 72. decorate 73. earlier

74. when 75. empty 76. supposed 78. forgiveness 79. imaginary

77. kisses 80. possession

IV. 81. What you have said is not related to what we are concerned with now. 82. It is suggested at the meeting we (should) take some measures to solve the problem right now. 83. What puzzles me most is how he could cover such a long distance on foot. 84. Each of the students, hoping to get good marks, is eager to know the result of the exam. 85. He tiptoed into the room so as not to wake up the sleeping baby. V. Before lunch Allen happened to see a man fished 86. fishing

in

a ditch about five metre away from a bar. Allen watched 87. metres curiously. Everyone passing over the man who was fishing 88. over regarded him like a foolish man. Allen's heart went out 89. as to him. He said kindly to∧fisherman, “Hello, will 90. the you please do me a favour and have a drink with 91. √ 92.

me

in the bar?” The man gladly received his invitation. accepted After buying the man several glasses∧soft-drinks, Allen asked, “You are fishing there, right? 94. How much fish have you caught this morning?”

93.

of

were

95.

many

“You are number eight,” said the man with a laugh. VI. 96. “Are you dead?” 97. × + - 98. Neither—fish are cold-blooded. 99. 270 100. tree VII. A) One possible version: In many countries, sixteen or eighteen is the age at which a person becomes an adult. Young people at this age can get a part-time job, and begin to receive their own income. Some can also vote or obtain a driver's license. There are responsibilities that go along with these rights. Getting a part-time job means you have to pay income tax. Driving a car demands that you follow certain rules and regulations. For young people to use their right to vote wisely, they must have an understanding of the needs of society, and learn how politics work. B) One possible version: The Internet is a source of information, where we can easily and quickly find materials, which may help us in our studies. We can shop through the Internet, which saves time and enables us to buy things which are unavailable in our local shops. We can quickly communicate with others - via e-mails or various programmes, such as QQ. Behind all these advantages, however, are some problems. Information we find on the Internet may be worthless, and sometimes it is difficult to separate “trash” from valuable information. Also we may easily become addicted to the Internet and lose contact with real life. What is worse, some scenes of violence and sex on the Internet may harm children. We should handle its problems, however, while we develop its good points. With proper management of the Internet people can experience all the benefits of the information revolution.



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