江西省新余市新钢中学 2015-2016 学年高一英语下学期第一次段考试题
第 I 卷（选择题 115 分） 第一部分：听力理解(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面五段对话，每段对话后有一道小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试 卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你有 10 秒钟的时间来回
答有关小题和阅读下一小题，每段对话仅读一 遍. 1. Who got the highest grade? A. The boy A. At 8:00 A. In his school bag. A. The holiday time 5. What does the man mean? A. He can pick up the woman’s son. B. He welcomes the woman at any time C. He wants to know the woman’s arrival time. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间来阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听 完后，各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What is Ms. Underwood doing? A. Eating breakfast B. Having a meeting C. Sending off some documents. 7. Why is the man coming to the woman? A. To send a delivery. B. To pick up some documents. C. To ask Kelly to deliver some documents 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What has the woman forgotten to write on the list? A. Onions B. Potatoes C. Carrots. 9. What does the man need to decide at the market? A. Whether to buy cheese B. How much cheese to buy C. What kind of cheese to buy
B. The girl B. At 8:15 B. On his desk. B. The weather.
C. Mike C. At 8:45 C. on his bed C. The seasons
2. When will the speakers meet? 3. Where is the boy’s book now? 4. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. At home A. The throat B. At a chemist’s B. The left ear C. At a clinic C. A tooth 11. Which part of the woman’s body does she feel in a pain? 12. What will the woman do next? A. See a dentist soon. B. Ask for some medicine C. Make an appointment with Miss Brown. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Teacher and student A. Helpful B. Colleagues B. Useless C . Classmates C. Too much 14. What does the man think of the homework according to the woman? 15. How do lots of students do their homework according to the woman? A. They rely on the help from others B. They do their homework themselves C. They do their homework with the friends. 16. What does the woman think students should do in their free time? A. Play games and watch TV. B. Do their homework carefully. C. Do some exercise and read novels. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How long does the speaker work in Antarctica every year? A. About ten days. A. His toes got frozen A. High-energy biscuits A. Eating an Indian meal. C. Staying at home with his family. 第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分， 满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每小题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项并在答案题卡上写下答案。 ( A ) Nearly a quarter century after a German boy threw a message in a bottle off a ship in the Baltic Sea, he's received an answer. A 13?year?old Russian, Daniil Korotkikh, was walking with his parents on a beach when he saw something lying in the sand.
B. About ten weeks B. His nose got hurt B. Raw fish.
C. About four months C. His lips got dry. C. Fish
18. What was the speaker’s worst experience? 19. What does the speaker refuse to eat? 20. What is the speaker looking forward to doing in Antarctica? B. Having soup every day.
“I saw that bottle and it looked interesting, ” Korotkikh told The Associated Press on Tuesday.“It looked like a German beer bottle and there was a message inside.” It said, “My name is Frank, and I'm five years old.My dad and I are travelling on a ship to Denmark.If you find this letter, please write back to me, and I will write back to you.” The letter, dated 1987, included an address in the town of Coesfeld. The boy in the letter, Frank Uesbeck, is now 29.His parents still live at the letter's address. The Russian boy and the German man met each other earlier thi s month through an Internet video link.The Russian boy said he did not believe that the bottle actually spent 24 years in the sea.He believed it had been hidden under the sand where he found it for a long time. Uesbeck was especially happy that he was able to have a positive effect on a life of a young person far away from Germany.“It's really a wonderful story, ” he said.“And who knows? Perhaps one day we will actually be able to arrange a meeting in person.” 21．Wha t is this passage mainly about? A．Meeting an old friend. C．Travelling on a ship. A．he was going back home B．he was already 29 years old C．he was travelling to Denmark by ship with his dad D．he was walking with his parents on a beach 23．According to the text, which of the following statements is TRUE? A．Korotkikh's parents still live in the town of Coesfeld. B．Daniil Korotkikh and Frank Uesbeck have got in touch with each other. C．Frank Uesbeck and Daniil Korotkikh have met each other in person. D．The German boy did not believe that the bottle actually spent 24 years in the sea. 24．Why was Uesbeck very happy when he got the information of the 24 years' message bottle? A．Because he could have a new friend. B．Because he could have a positive influence on a life of a young person. C．Because he finally got what he had lost. D．Because the two boys could surf the Internet together. B．A beautiful beer bottle. D． Message in a bottle.
22．When the German boy threw the bottle into the sea, ________．
Across Britain, burnt toast will be served to mothers in bed this morning as older sons and daughters rush to deliver their supermarket bunches of flowers. But, according to a new study, we should be placing a higher value on motherhood all year. Mothers have long known that their home workload was just as heavy as paid work. Now, the new study has shown that if they were paid for their parental labours, they would earn as much as ?172,000 a year. The study looked at the range of jobs mothers do, as well as the hours they are working, to
determine the figure. This would make their yearly income ?30,000 more than the Prime Minister earns. By analyzing the numbers, it found the average mother works 119 hours a week, 40 of which would usually be paid at a standard rate 79 hours as overtime. After questioning 1,000 mothers with children under 18, it found that, on most days, mums started their routine work at 7 am and finished at around 11 pm. To calculate just how much mothers would earn from that labour, it suggested some of the roles that mums could take on, including housekeeper, part-time lawyer, personal trainer and entertainer. Being a part-time lawyer, at ?48,98 an hour, would prove to be th e most profitable of the “mum jobs”, with psychologist(心理学家) a close second. It also asked mothers about the challenges they face, with 80 per cent making emotional(情 感的) demand as the hardest thing about motherhood. Over a third of mums felt they needed more training and around half said they missed going out with friends. The study shows mothers matter all year long and not just on Mother’s Day. The emotional, physical and mental energy mothers devote to their children can be never-ending, but children are also sources of great joy and happiness. Investing(投入) in time for parenting and raising relationships is money well spent. 25. How much would a mother earn a year if working as the Prime Minister? A. ?30,000. A. low pay for work C. heavy workload B. ?172,000. C.?142,000. . B. emotional demand D. lack of training D. ?202,000. 26. The biggest challenge for most mothers is from
27. What is stressed in the last paragraph? A. mothers’ importance shows in family all year long. B. The sacrifices(牺牲) mothers make are huge but worthwhile. C. Mothers’ devotion to children can hardly be calculated（计算）. D. Investing time in parenting would bring a financial return. 28. What can we conclude from the study? A. Mothers’ working hours should be largely reduced. B. Mothers should balance their time for work and rest. C. Mothers’ labour is of a higher value than it is realized. D. Mothers should be freed from housework for social life. ( C )
It was a Friday night, and I had just returned from climbing one of the red rocks of Sedona.My faculty adviser(指导老师), Bunny, approached me as I walked to my dorm room. She told me that my mother had been in a terrible car crash and had been taken to the intensive care unit of a nearby hospital. A strong smell of medicine brought an unpleasant feeling to my already turning stomach. My
mother’s room was right next to the nurses’ station. As I came into the room, I saw her lying on her side. She struggled to turn around ,but couldn’t. I slowly crept(爬) to the other side of the bed and with calmness I said “hi”. Gently holding my mother’s hands, I tried to keep my composure. She was rolling her eyes and trying to tell me how much pain she was in. I turned my face away from her, trying to hide the tears that were rolling down my face. From that night on, my life completely changed. As my mother struggled first to stay alive and then to relearn to walk, my sense of priorities(优先) changed. In the past ,we had more than our share of the strains(紧张) of mother--daughter relationships. The accident threw us in a relationships of interdependence. We listened to each other, and truly enjoyed each other’s company. My mother needed me. My mother and I had faced death together, and life took on new meaning for both of us. It has been over two years since my mother’s crash. I have grown more in that time than in all the years before. My mother has taught me a lot about parenthood: the worries, the protectiveness and, most of all, the sweetness of unconditional devotion and love. 29.According to the text, the author’s adviser told her that her mother___________. A.needed to be taken to hospital right away B. had been badly injured in a car accident C. had suddenly became seriously ill D.needed to be operated on at once 30.Which word in the text can best replace the underlined word “composure” in the third paragraph? A. Devotion. B. Calmness. C. Sense. D. Company 31.We can infer from the text that __________. A.the author had got along well with her mother before the accident B.the author had suffered in a car accident, just like her mother C. the author’s mother used to be very strict and uncaring D. the author began to share her innermost( 内心的) feeling with her mother after the accident ( D ) We all like watching online videos (视频) of dogs and cats doing funny things. But if you had to decide, which of the two animals would you like better? Your answer may show something about your personality (个性). According to a study led by Sam Gosling, a scientist at the University of Texas, USA, dog people are about 15% more outgoing and 13% more pleasant to be friends with than cat people. This is not hard to understand, since cats and dogs behave differently themselves. “Cats will sometimes engage in games, but usually after only a few minutes, they will give up the game. Dogs, on the other hand, will often engage in games, like fetching a thrown ball, for hours at
a time,” said Modern Dog Magazine. Although cat people are less social, Gosling’s study showed that they are 11% more open-minded than dog people. They usually like art, adventures and unusual ideas. They also have more imagination and curiosity. But dog people are more likely to keep traditional (传统的) beliefs and interests. However, their love of a free life style also means that cat people dislike making plans. They just follow whatever ideas come into their heads without planning ahead. But dog people are different. They usually have strong self-control and like to carry out their plans. Despite (尽管有) these big differences between dog people and cat people, there are some things that they have in common, “Both types of people consider themselves close to nature, dislike animal-print clothing and are generally optimists (乐天派),” said Mother Nature Network. But can personality change? Can a cat person become a dog person, or the other way around? In a study done by Stanley Coren, a scientist in Canada, he asked cat owners: “If you had enough living space and there were no objections (反对) form other people in your life, and someone gave you a little dog as a gift, would you keep it?” About 68% of them said they would not accept a dog as a pet. But when dog owners were asked the same question about a kitten (小猫), almost 70% said they would allow a little cat into their lives. 32. According to the article, dog people ___________ than cat people. A. are better at math in school C. have more imagination A. take little interest in B. are more open-minded D. are more traditional B. take part in C. benefit from D. suffer from
33. The underlined phrase “engage in” in Paragraph 3 probably means_____________. 34. What do cat people and dog people have in common? A. Both of them like planning ahead B. Both of them love travelling and adventures C. Both of them care about nature. D. Both of them are imaginative and curious 35. What can we conclude from the last two paragraphs? A. Dog people are more likely to make a change to accept cats into their homes. B. Cat people are more likely to become dog people. C. Neither dog nor cat people like to accept a new pet. D. You can never find out whether dog people or cat people will make a change. 第二节:七选五（每题 2 分，共 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的七个选项中选出正确的填入空白处。选项中有两项为多余选项。 How can we all get more laughter into our lives? Here are what the experts suggest： 36____. Nancy Alguire, a teacher in Clifton Park, N. Y． ， was once painfully shy and had a hard time laughing. Then she married a circus clown ( 小丑 ) ．“I became interested in the clowns.”she recalls.“One day I put on a costume and painted my face. That afternoon my whole life changed. I learned to laugh and enjoy life in a way I had never done before.” ____37____
To this day, she still makes it a rule to be with people who enjoy life and laughing. 38____ It doesn't take you too much time and can be easy. Collect favourite cartoons and jokes. Also, keep a paper for writing down humour you find in everyday life. “Good ideas come and go fast, you have to capture them quickly or they will be gone.” says Virginia Tooper. Laugh when you need it most.“____39____”says comedian Bill Cosby.“And once you find laughter, no matter how painful your situation might be, you can survive it.” he insists. Gray Alan, a sociology professor at the University of Minnesota, claims that laughter is a skill we can all gain—because it comes naturally.____40____. Just remember: we are just here for a period, so get a few laughs. A．You can soften the worst blows（打击） through humour. B．Mix with people who laugh. C．Practise the art of laughing. D．Keep a laughter file (文档)． E．He who laughs last laughs best. F．But it's also something that has to be developed (培养)． G．People's joy can affect those around them. 第三部分：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36--55 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A father's love Daddy just didn’t know how to show love. It was Mom who 41 scold us about them. Once when I stole a candy bar, he 42 me take it back and tell the man I stole it and that I’d pay for it. But it was Mom who 4 3 I was just a kid. I broke my leg once on the playground swing and it was Mom who held me in her arms all the way to the 44 . Dad pulled the car 45 up to the door of the emergency room and when they asked him to move it saying the space was 46 for emergency vehicles, He shouted, “What do you think this is? A tour bus?” At my birthday parties, Dad always seemed sort of 47 . He just 48 the candles on it for me to blow out. When I look through pict ure albums, people always ask, “What does your Dad look like?” “Who knows? He was always running around with the camera taking everyone else’s picture. I 49 have a thousand pictures of Mom and me smiling together.” I remember when Mom told him to teach me how to ride a bicycle. I told him not to 50 , but he said it was time. 51 I fell and Mom ran to pick me up, but he 52 her off. I was so embarrassed and just 54 .
the family together. He just
went to work every day and came home; she’d hav e a list of things we’d done wrong and he’d
himself blowing up
balloons, setting up tables, and running errands(跑腿）. It was Mom who carried the cake with
that I shouted at him, got right back on the bike and rode it myself. He didn’t even feel
When I went to college, Mom did all the writing. He just sent checks and a little note about how 55 his lawn(草坪） looked 56 I wasn’t playing football on it. 58 he always said, “I’ ll get your Whenever I 57 home, he acted like he wanted to talk,
mother.”When I got married, it was Mom who cried. He just blew his nose 59 and left the room. All my life he said, “Where are you going? What time are you coming home? No, you cannot go.” Daddy just didn’t know how to show love, unless? Is it possible he showed it and didn’t 60 it ? 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. A. put A. helped A. admitted A. hospital A. simply A. preserved A. out of date A. devoted A. will A. break it up A. At the end A. wiped A. familiar A. arose A. attractive A. as though A. missed A. then A. secretly A. remind B. held B. punished B. knew B. school B. along B. reserved B. out of place B. performed B. must B. let it go B. As you know B. waved B. mad B. relaxed B. secure B. even though B. belonged B. afterwards B. quietly B. recognize C. supported C. made C. responded C. home C. right C. replaced C. out of breath C. drowned C. may C. set it off C. As a matter of fact C. reminded C. fierce C. apologized C. original C. now that C. removed C. but C.loudly C. deserve D. can D. take it apart D. As a result D. prevented D. sensitive D. smiled D. valuable D. so that D. called D. and D. hopelessly D. express D. gathered D. awarded D. understood D. car D. afterwards D. attached D. out of mind D. admired
第 II 卷 主观题（三部分，共 50 分） 第一部分：短文填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入适当的词或使用括号中词 语的正确形式填空。 Paper is one of the most important inventions of all time. The word paper comes from the word papyrus--a kind of plant. The Egyptians first 61.________(use) papyrus around the year 3000 B.C. to create a kind of paper. In 105A.D., a Chinese man 62.________(name) Cai Lun created a new type of paper using pieces of old cloth. For centuries, people all over the world used this Chinese method to make paper. In 63.________ early 19 century, Charles Fenerty, a Canadian man, invented a new method of papermaking using wood. Today, most of the paper we use is made from wood.
Paper money was invented in earlier Song Dynasty in China. The government began using paper notes 64.________ money because there wasn’t enough copper(铜) to make coins. Today, it’s hard to imagine life without paper. We use it to communicate 65.________ many different ways. We also use many important products 66.________ are made of paper. Take, for example, toilet paper. Many believe that an American, Joseph Gayetty, invented 67.________ in 1857. Walter Alcock, an Englishman, later had the idea of 68.________(put) the paper on rolls. Soon, toilet paper was 69.________(common) used in the United States and England. Imagine 70. ________ life today would be like without this important invention!
第二部分：短文改错（共 10 小题，每题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言 错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? )，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 I still remember how nervously I was on my first day in the new school ten years ago, when I found difficult to follow my teacher in the first English class. The teacher spoke English throughout the class, that was totally different from the lessons I had been taken before. In the morning class the next day, the English teacher came to me while I am reading the text aloud as other students．After listen to me for a while, she gave me a big smile and said he liked my voice very much．The smile shone on a whole day and the following days，as a result of that I began to be confident. A week later, I volunt eered to take charge of English study in my class and my English is now been improved steadily.
第二节 书面表达 (25 分) 假如你是李华，你的朋友 Linda 最近很心烦，因为父母对她要求很严格，整天让她学习 禁止她做一些她想做的事情，比如上网、和朋友玩等。请你给她写封信，进行心理疏导并提 出一些建议。应包括以下两个要点： 1．简述自己类似的经历； 2．提出至少两条建议。
注意：词数100个左右，开头与结尾已为你写好，不计入总词数。 Dear Linda， I can understand how you feel. When I was young,
I 听力（满分 30 分）
Ⅱ阅读：(满分 40 分) 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Ⅲ完形：(满分 30 分) 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Ⅳ.语法填空（满分15分） 61.________________ 65.________________ 69.________________ Ⅴ短文改错(满分 10 分) I still remember how nervously I was on my first day in the new school ten years ago, when I found difficult to follow my teacher in the first English class. The teacher spoke English throughout the class, that was totally different from the lessons I had been taken before. In the morning class the next day, the English teacher came to me while I am reading the text aloud as other students．After listen to me for a while, she gave me a big smile and said he liked my voice very much．The smile shone on a whole day and the following days，as a result of that
62.______________ 66.______________ 70.______________
I began to be confident. A week later, I volunteered to take charge of English study in my class and my English is now been improved steadily.
Ⅵ.书面表达 （满分 25 分） Dear Mr Wang, This is Li Hua. Remember me ? --———————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————————— All the best Yours truly Li Hua
高一下学期第一次段考 答案 2016.4.9 听力： 1-5 CCBAB 阅读理解 21-24 DCBB 完形填空： 41-45 BCDAC 语法填空： 61.used 66.that/which 62.named 67.it 63. the 68.putting 64.as 69. commonly 65. in 70.what 25-28 CBBC 29-31 BBD 32-35 DBCA 36-40 BGDAF 6-10 BAACC 11-15 BABAA 16-20 CBCBA
短文改错 I still remember how nervously I was on my first day in the new school ten years ago, when I nervous found ^ difficult to follow my teacher in the first English class. The teacher spoke English it throughout the class, that was totally different from the lessons I had been taken before. In the which morning class the next day, the English teacher came to me while I am reading the text aloud was as other students．After listen to me for a while, she gave me a big smile and said he liked my listening she
voice very much．The smile shone on a whole day and the following days，as a result of that I the which
began to be confident. A week later, I volunteered to take charge of English study in my class
and my English is now been improved steadily. being 书面表达 One possible version:
Dear Linda, I can understand how you feel. When I was young, I had the same experience as you do. But after I talked to my parents heart to heart, we had a better understanding of each other. So
try to communicate with your parents to let them know that you are wise enough to manage your own business well. To understand them better, you should always put yourself in their position. Don’t you think that all parents in the world love their children even though they are sometimes strict and serious? If you can spend your time and money wisely, I am sure that your parents will trust you and you will enjoy more freedom. By the way, it’s understandable that your parents ask you to put your studies in the first place. I hope my advice is of some help to you. Yours, Lihua