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大学英语(三)课后习题答案解析


Unit 1Vocabulary 1:

1、My job varies between the extremely tedious and the annoyingly busy. On balance I think I'm happier during the really busy times; no time to think about how bored I am。 我的工作既有特无聊的时候, 也有忙得要命的时候。 但总的来说, 我在真正忙的时候高兴些, 因为在那个时候,我没时间去想我有多厌倦。 2、 It is the nature of the wise toresistleasures, but the foolish to be a slave to them。 明智之人天生会抵制享乐,而愚蠢之人却成了它的奴隶。 3、I figure out a good team of dogs, hitched to a light sled, can haul 1,000 pounds of goods. 一组 健壮的狗可以用轻小的雪橇拉动 1,000 磅的货物。 4、 In the story, the little girl has a wickedstepmother, who makes her life a misery. 在这个故事中, 小女孩有一个心肠很坏的继母,让她生活很痛苦。 5、Nothing ever becomes real till it is experienced -- even a proverb is no proverb to you till your life hasillustratedit. 眼见为实——即使是谚语在你没有在生活中得到证明时,也不一定正确。 6、Nowadays almost all libraries are finding it increasingly difficult to remain within Their budget. 当前,几乎所有图书馆发现靠他们的预算生存下去越来越难。 7、You can increase a tyre’s grip in winter by slightlyloweringits pressure . 冬天可以稍微放点气来增强轮胎的抓力。 8、 Lakes Superior, Huron, Erie, and Ontario are shared by the United States and Canada, and form part of theboundarybetween the two countries. 苏比利尔湖、修伦湖、伊利湖和安大略湖归美国和加拿大共同所有,也构成了两国的部分分 界线。 9、The police are investigating the three men allegedlyinvolvedin organizing and carrying out the bank robbery. 警方正在调查这三名涉嫌参与组织和实施银行抢劫案的人。 10、I do not doubt in the least that inflation leads toeconomicdecline. 我毫不怀疑,通货膨胀导致经济衰退。 11、A blizzard wasblastinggreat drifts of snow across the lake.(吹起) 暴风雪席卷了整个湖面。 12、Tim says just abouteverybody will be affected by the tax increase, but I’m sure he’s

exaggerating. (几乎) 蒂姆说,几乎每个人都会受到增税的影响,但我肯定他是在夸大其词。

Vocabulary 2 :

1.In an effort to feel better , I started to make small changes in my life and cut down /back from 20 cigarettes in day to a mere three or four. 为了感觉更好,我开始做一些小小的改变在我的生活中,以及减少从每天 20 支香烟到大约 只有三或四。 2.If I wasted electricity as you do at home , my dad would make me pick up the bill. 如果我像你一样浪费在家浪费电的话,我的爸爸将肯定会让我支付账单(自己买单) 。 3.We can get by with four computers at the moment , but we’ll need a couple more when the new staff arrive. 这个时候我们还有四台电脑尚可(通过) ,但是我们需要两台以上的电脑,当新的职工来的 时候。 4.It is impossible to get through this course just by working hard around exam times . 这是不可能通过这门课程的,单单只是考前临时抱佛脚的话。 5.Unless they quickly face up to their mistakes , the will miss a unique opportunity to settle the problem once and for all. 除非他们很快面对自己的错误, 否则就会失去一个独一无二的机会来解决这个问题一劳永逸。 6.The students were instructed to do the experiment carefully and to turn in their reports at the beginning of next week. 学生被指示做实验仔细,为了上交他们的报告在下星期初。 7.I did not travel much when I was younger , but I’m certainly making up for lost time now. 在我年幼的时候我不太去旅行,但我现在一定要弥补失去的时间。 8.Successful people are the ones who think up things for the rest of the world to keep busy at. 成功的人就是那些思考这世界还剩下什么东西,并且为此保持忙碌。

Unit 2Vocabulary 1 :

1.China’s economic success over the past three decades has raised the living standards of hundreds of millions of Chinese citizens. 中国的经济成就在于过去的三十年里提高了数以亿计的中国公民生活水平。

2.Citibank picked the chief executive of Etang.com as its first Chinese customer Thursday to open an account at its new branch in the historic Peace Hotel along Shanghai’s fabled waterfront. 花旗银行选首席执行官 etang.com 作为其第一个中国客户,星期四开立帐户在其新的分支, 在有历史意义的沿上海传说中的海滨和平宾馆。 3.The United States last Wednesday imposed tariffs of up to 30 percent on a range of foreign steel imports to help protect its domestic industry. 美国上周三强加一系列国外钢铁进口的关税高达百分之 30 以保护国内产业。 4.Although he was raised as a Christian , he’s not really very religious. 虽然他被提出是一个基督教徒,他并不是真正的信仰于宗教的。 5.You can distinguish between frogs and toads in the following way : frogs have slender bodies, long limbs , and a smooth skin , and toads have stouter bodies , short limbs , and dry skin. 你可以区分为青蛙和蟾蜍的方式如下:青蛙身体细长,四肢长,和皮肤光滑,而蟾蜍身体, 四肢短,和皮肤干燥。 6.From the airplane window I could see a web of city streets. 从飞机的窗口可以看到一个网状的城市街道。 7.Aunt Pat smiled at her little niece and bade her to eat. 帕特舅妈对她侄女微笑和吩咐她吃饭 8.Dr.Rich Hamilton is planning his own World Wide Web site on the Internet to provide assistance to anyone who asks for medical help. 丰富的汉密尔顿博士计划自己的万维网址, 在互联网上提供帮助给那些寻求医疗帮助需要的 人。 9.It is difficult to estimate the number of people doing part-time jobs on the side. 这是很难估计人们做兼职的数量(作为兼职,秘密的) 。 10.The president has authorized his foreign minister , Mr Burns , to act as representative to the international conference to be held in Tokyo next month. 总统授权他的外交部长,伯恩斯先生,担任下个月在东京举行的国际会议的代表。 11.Advances in telecommunications have meant that it is just as easy to work from a computer terminal at home as it is from a town center office. 在电信方面的进步意味着它是一样简单的工作从家里的计算机终端, 在家和在市中心的办公 室。 12.Until the new gym is built , you have no option but to make the best of existing buildings which may or may not suit your immediate requirements. 直到新体育馆建设完成,你都没有选择,只能充分利用现有建筑物,那些也许适应或可能不 适合你最近的要求。

Vocabulary 2 :

1.When she was younger , my mother experienced (wet through) a depression so severe she had to be hospitalized. 在她年轻的时候,他妈妈经历过很严重的绝望,并且使她住院 2.The rest of them used to be really nasty to me , but Susie always defended and supported (stood up for) me . 其余的人曾经是真的讨厌的我,但是苏茜总是捍卫和支持我。 3.The local government established (laid down) strict rules and regulations to be followed by all soccer fans in the 2002 FIFA World Cup in the South Korea. 当地政府制定了严格的规章制度,紧跟其后的是所有球迷在 2002 年世界杯在韩国。 4.Tim was quite unhappy about having to undertake (take on) all the household chores when his wife went out to work. Tim 很不高兴关于必须承担(承担)所有的家务活当他的妻子外出工作。 5.Sterling promised to be in the school library by eight o’clock but it looks like he’s disappointed (let (us) down) us again. Sterling 承诺是在学校的图书馆在八点,但它看起来像他让我们失望((下降)了。 6.My professor suggested that I make use of (draw on) the data accumulated over the years when I work on my project. 我的教授建议我使用(利用)数据累积多年来当我工作项目时。 7.The problems we are confronted with belong to (fall into) two categories:one is financial , the other is technical. 我们面临的问题属于(分为)两类:一是金融,另一个是技术。 8.Children’s toy guns now looks so real that they can often be taken for (pass for) the real thing. 孩子们的玩具枪现在看起来如此真实,他们经常会被看做真实的东西。

Unit 3Vocabulary 1 :

1.According to some scientist , global warming threatens the survival of the whole human race. 根据一些科学家,全球变暖威胁着整个人类的生存。 2.The number of visitors from parts of Scotland not including the Edinburgh area was , in fact , relatively small (19%) , and exceeded the number of overseas visitors (16%) by a small margin. 游客的数量从部分苏格兰地区不包括爱丁堡,事实上,相对较小(19%),超过了数量的海外游客

(16%)小幅度的。 3.The early Spaniards established a chain of missions to civilize the local population along the San Antonio River. 早期的西班牙人建立了一个链的任务来教化当地人沿着圣安东尼奥河 4.It was common practice then that when the store owners wanted to go on vacation they simply closed up. 这是常见的做法就是当那些商店的老板想去度假的时候,他们将商店简单地关闭掉。 5.As they did not have relatives or friends there they often wandered around nearby malls when they got bored. 因为他们没有亲戚或朋友在那里,当他们感到厌烦了,他们经常在购物中心附近游荡。 6.To make a birthday card , you can simply cut out some funny or pretty pictures from magazines , paste them onto a piece of card and then write your message inside. 做一张生日贺卡,你可以简单地裁剪一些有趣的或漂亮的图片从杂志上,粘贴到一张卡上然后 写下在纸上你的消息。 7.She picked up the receiver and , without so much as asking the caller to hold on,went off to tell Jack that he was wanted on the phone. 她接起电话,甚至连(什么都没有)叫那个打电话的人等一下都没有说,就去告诉杰克有他的 电话。 8.To relax himself for a little while , he rose from the computer desk , walked across the room towards the window and stretched both arms upwards and sideways. 放松自己一会儿,他从电脑桌站起来,穿过房间向窗户,伸展双臂向上和斜躺着。 9.The new product has a pair of small loudspeakers fitted inside , which you can easily hook up to your computer’s sound card. 新产品有一双小喇叭安装在里面,您可以很容易地连接到你的电脑的声卡。 10.Music in fact is a universal language of a non-verbal nature which is rich in expression. 音乐实际上是一种通用(普遍)的语言的非自然富含表达式。 11.This chart is designed to show at a glance how many rooms have been rented out and how many are still available. 这个图表是用来显示一瞥就能看出,多少房间已经租出去了,有多少仍然是可用的。 12.Bathed in glorious sunshine,the boundless stretch of corn fields looked an impressive sight. 沐浴在灿烂的阳光,一片茫茫无际的玉米田看起来是令人印象深刻的景象。

Vocabulary 2 :

Following a major murder investigation in the local community , the police reduced (narrowed down) their list of suspects. 一个主要的谋杀案的调查后在当地社区,警察减少(缩小)列入他们的怀疑。 In this autobiography ,Mr.Johnson recalled (looked back on) his second career ,taken up at the age of sixty , as the happiest time of this life when his creativity was exercised to the full. 在本自传,约翰逊先生回忆(回顾)他的第二职业了,在他 60 岁的时候,在这一生最快乐的时光, 他的创造力充分行使。 The heavy rain stopped the supply (cut off) of electricity to large parts of the South and cause the polluted rivers to the flood , which later contaminated the entire region. 大雨停止供应(切断)的电力给了南部的大部分地区,导致污染河流的洪水,后来被污染的整个 地区。 The book is small enough to find sufficient (fit into) room in your pocket. 这本书是小到可以找到足够的(适合)的地方在你的口袋里。 Both sides are trying to weaken (wear(the other)down) the other by obstinately sticking to their own positions in the negotiations. 双方都试图削弱(穿(其他)下降)其他的固执地坚持自己的立场在谈判中。 The secret of a successful school consists in (lies in) effective co-operation between professional leadership , the government and the local authority. 成功的秘诀在于学院之间的有效合作的专业领导、政府和地方当局。 Many suburban resident in the United States erect (put up) an invisible electronic fence around their premises to prevent their pets from running away. 许多在美国郊区居民竖立 (举起)一个看不见的电子栅栏围着他们的前提来防止他们的宠物 逃跑。 The initials VAT represent (stand for) Value Added Tax , which is a type of tax paid by the person who buys the goods or services. 增值税的首字母代表(代表)增值税,这是一个类型的税收支付的人购买商品或服务。

Unit 5Vocabulary 1 :

The cook put the meat on the plate , sprinkled it with salt and pepper,wrapped up the plate in aluminum foil and then placed it in the oven to roast.

厨师把肉放在盘子上,洒上盐及胡椒粉调味,结束了在铝箔,然后把它放进烤箱里烤。 Every waking moment we talk to ourselves about the things we experience .Our self-talk , the thoughts we communicate to ourselves , in turn control the way we feel and act. 每一个醒来的时候,我们跟自己谈论经历过的事情。我们的对话,我们对自己的思想交流,, 轮流控制我们的感受和行为。 John made everyone laugh when he got the words reversed and referred to himself as “my husband’s wife”. 约翰使每个人都笑的时候,他接到单词反转,称自己是“我丈夫的妻子” 。 You can’t live a perfect day without doing something for someone who will perhaps never be abled to repay you. 你不能生活在一个完美的一天而不做某事的人将可能永远不会成为偿还你。 Because the Earth is a sphere , sailors at sea only can view other ships to a distance of about 13 miles before those ships seem to disappear into the horizon. 因为地球是一个球体,水手们在海上只有可以查看其他船只的距离约 13 英里之前那些船只似 乎消失在地平线。 Johnson dismissed traditional ideas lightly as no good on several occasions. 约翰逊解雇传统思想轻没有好多次。 One tends to believe whatever one repeats to oneself sufficiently often,whether the statement be true or false. 一个倾向于相信任何一个重复自己足够经常,是否该声明是真还是假。 Susan told me numerous times how her sister longed for children. 苏珊告诉我无数次她姐姐如何渴望的孩子。 I do not know what my roommate is up to because he does everything in secret either when i am away or when i am asleep. 我不知道我的室友是到哪里去了,因为他做一切事情都是秘密的,当我离去以后,或者当我 睡着了。 For economic reasons,shipbuilders have designed vessels that can be loaded and unloaded in a minimum amount of time with minimum labor. 由于经济原因,造船设计了船舶,可以加载和卸载在最少的时间和最低劳动 Laugh , and the world laughs with you;weep , and you weep alone. 欢笑,世界与你同笑;哭,你独自去哭吧。

Vocabulary 2 :

A national debate is now under way about the manner in which we as a society should protect our natural resources. 一个全国性的辩论正在进行中有关的方式,作为一个社会,我们应该保护我们的自然资源。 At the end of a hard day Sue likes to go home and stretch out in her favourite armchair listening to a record. 最后的一天辛苦苏喜欢回家,伸出她最喜欢的扶手椅听一个记录。 Tom listened hard , but could not make out what his parents were saying because they were talking too softly. 汤姆努力聆听,但不知道他的父母都是说因为他们说话的时候过于软弱。 How often things occur by mere chance which we dared not even hope for. 多久偶然发生的事,我们不敢甚至希望。 If he hears something he can notunderstand , my bother always turns it over in his mind until he can make spense of it. 如果他听到的他不明白的东西,我的哥哥总是把它在他的脑海中,直到他能让它的食橱。 A national flag should be folded carefully and put away when not in use. 一个国旗应该仔细合拢,把不使用时。 Poetry often reveals to us the loveliness of nature and brings back the freshness of youthful feelings. 诗歌常常展现给我们的美丽自然和带回来的清新感觉年轻。 Since she met some disabled young girls at college , she got to thing about creating movies that tell people more about their world. 自从她遇到了一些残疾的年轻女孩在学校时,她得事,告诉人们创造电影更多关于他们的世界。 Setting a goal is not the main thing.What really matters is deciding how you will go about achieving it. 设定一个目标不是最主要的。真正重要的是决定你如何去实现它。

Unit 6 Vocabulary 1:

1. Some 80 art masterpieces will be brought to South Korea for an annual French cultural festival. 大约有 80 件杰作被带到韩国参加一年一度的法国文化节。

2. Ben’ s very sensitive and emotionally fragile. He craves for approval (认可) and will do almost anything to gain it even from complete strangers. 本很敏感,情感上很脆弱。他渴望认可,他总会尽一切可能去获取甚至是陌生人的认可。 3. As information bombards (轰炸) us, we must rely on our own experience and intuition to distinguish(= tell, 区分)fact from fancy. 在信息轰炸的时代,我们必须依赖我们自己的经验和直觉来区分事实与想象。 4. He can get quite a big headache from listening to her nonsense, but he knows she can’t help it. 听她胡说他感到头疼,但他知道她禁不住会这样。 5. These window decorations(装饰)are made from soft flexible plastic(软塑料). They cling to glass and other shiny surfaces like magic. 这些窗户装饰物都是软塑料做成的,它们如同魔法一样附着在玻璃或其它闪光的表面。 6. Those who endure hearing loss are at a disadvantage, because they are unable to get everyday sound signals. 那些忍受听力缺失的人处于劣势,因为他们无法得到日常声音信号。 7. Once I knew I was experiencing acute panic or anxiety, I followed the tips recommended by my doctor to deal with the symptoms(症状). 一旦我知道我在经历急剧恐慌或是焦虑,我会听从医生的建议应对我的症状。 8. This dog is well-trained--- she’ll come running back to me every time I whistle to her. 这只狗被训练的很好---每次我向她吹口哨她都会跑回来。 9. True, this football team is comparatively weak. But it is absolutely wrong to mock at their attempt to qualify for the World Cup Finals(有资格参加世界杯决赛). 确实如此, 这支足球队比较弱。 但是我们也绝不应该嘲笑他们努力争取参加世界杯决赛的资 格。 10. It is said that(据说)the corporation has already subtracted a number of(=many) expenditures (开支) from the total cost; Yet it still runs as high as (高达) 300 million dollars. 据说这家公司已经从所有开支中减少了不少,但它的开支仍高达 3 亿美元。 11. He had a favorite song he used to sing to us in the old days---“It’s a Sin to tell a Lie”--- and I shall always associate it with him. 在过去他常常给我们唱一首他最喜欢的一首歌---“撒谎是一种罪过”---我经常会把这首歌和 他联系起来。 12. On bright spring days, you can see lovely birds flutter/fluttering among the bushes (灌木丛). 在明朗的春日里,你可以看到可爱的鸟在灌木丛中飞。

Vocabulary 2:

1. The Minister(部长)reluctantly(不情愿地)stopped defending himself and resigned(辞 职). (give) gave in / gave up (屈服, 放弃) 部长勉强不再为自己辩护,辞职了。 2. He was trying to discover the cause of why the camera wasn’t working. (figure) figure out

他努力找出照相机坏的原因。

3. The guide dog(导盲犬)looked at the traffic and decided to lead its master across the road. (size) sized up(审时度势) 导盲犬看着马路上的车流来决定是否把它的主人带过马路。 4. Small-pox (水痘) killed the entire population of some Native Indian tribes. (wipe) 水痘杀死了一些印第安部落的所有人。 wiped out (根除) 5.The typhoon (台风) destroyed everything on its way, knocking down houses and tearing up (撕 碎;毁坏) trees. (pull) pulling up 台风所到之处毁掉了一切,房屋倒塌,树被连根拔起。 6. The waterproof coating (防水涂层) will become thin and eventually disappear very quickly, depending on(取决于)use and care. (wear) wear away 衣服上的防水涂层的磨损程度取决于你的使用及护理。 7. After a few minutes, my blood pressure(血压)became normal(正常的)and I was allowed to change my position in bed from lying to sitting upright again. (sit) sit up 几分钟后,我的血压正常了,我又能坐起来了。 8. Our main aim in producing the magazine is to give readers inspiration (灵感) and ideas for their homes and it’ s heart-warming (令人高兴的) to learn about the success we’ ve had. (hear) hear of / about 我们出这本杂志的主要目的是给读者家装方面的灵感和观点,当我们听说我们 取得的成功时,我们很高兴。



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