江苏省常州市 2008-2009 学年高三第一学期期末质量调研 英语试题 英语试题 （2009.01） ）
命题单位： 命题单位：常州市教研室 本试卷分为第一卷（选择题）和第二卷（非选择题）两部分，共六大题，满分 120 分。考试用 时 120 分钟。
第一卷（三部分， 第一卷（三部分，共 85 分）
听力（ 第一部分 听力（
略） 英语知识运用（共两节, 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节, 满分 35 分） 单项填空（ 小题， 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 21. --- Andrew won’t like it, you know. Can you change its color? --- ________! I don’t care what Andrew thinks. A. No way B. No problem C. It’s out of question D. It’s no wonder 22. The whole world is undergoing the biggest financial crisis nowadays, _________ calls for international cooperation among all nations to get over. A. that B. when C. what D. which 23. --- Sorry to have interrupted you. Please go on. --- Where was I? --- You ________ you didn’t like to be prejudiced against. A. said B. had said C. were saying D. had said 24. Mum, please let us, Mary and me, go to Jack’s birthday party tomorrow, ______? A. can you B. will you C. shall we D. may we 25. Only after being attacked by the Japanese in Pearl Harbor ________in the Second World War thoroughly. A. had America involved B. was America involved C. America had involved D. America was involved 26. We were lucky to have survived the train accident. __________, the first and last car were smashed. A. On top of this B. What was worse C. As it was D. So it was 27. The problem lies __________ we are now giving him a fish, not teaching him to fish. A. in that B. on that C. in which D. on which 28. --- ________ the class done most of the work? --- Yes, but the rest ___________ rather difficult. A. Has, are B. Has, is C. Have, are D. Have, is 29. Fathers often feel __________ their duty to earn more money for their family. A. that B. it C. one D. what 30. Oh, it’s so cool in the house. You _______ have turned on the air-conditioner, haven’t you? A. should B. might C. must D. can 31. --- What’s the matter with Jason. He looks a bit upset. --- Didn’t you know? When returning from his holiday last night, he found his house___________. A. broken off B. broken into C. broken out D. broken down 32. A terrible earthquake struck Sichuan Province on May 12, __________ tens of thousands of lives. A. claiming B. claimed C. causing D. caused 33. I think it will be long _________ the influence of Sanlu Milk Powder incident dies down. A. that B. since C. before D. after 34. --- Do you think the bright girl will soon get used to the new job? --- It’s hard to say. Intelligence only_________ for her lack of experience in part. A. accounts B. compensates C. counts D. answers 35. --- Let me teach you how to download music from the Internet. --- Teach me? ______________! I know how to do it earlier!. A. It’s easier said than done. B. He who laughs last laughs best. C. You are trying to teach your granny how to suck eggs.
D. You can take a horse to the water but you cannot make him drink 完形填空（ 小题； 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When she was seven, we found out that Jenny had a few problems. Several ___36___ and many speech classes later, we found out that besides hearing, she also had Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis （幼 儿类风湿性关节炎）. She could not put ___37___ on the heels of her feet, so she walked on tiptoe and when the pain became unbearable, I carried her. All ___38___ grade school, and on into high school, Jenny suffered, yet never complained. She ___39___ a smile on her face, a song on her lips, and a(n) ___40___ and acceptance of others. I don’t remember her ever ___41___ self-pity. She ran when she could run. She played when she could play, and she danced when she could dance. And, when she could do ___42___ of these things, she took her medicine, and she waited until she ___43___. Jenny never competed in a sport. She could not even take part in a gym class. Jenny continued to have one operation after another on her ___44___. Finally, her hearing improved to 60%, and she taught herself to ___45___ lips. She was ___46___ popular and funny, attending every football game, and cheering the team on. She carried her pillow everywhere she went, so that she could ___47___ the pain, when she sat down. Then came her senior year. She would be considered for scholarships; however, school activities, especially ___48___, could often mean the ___49___ between receiving an award and losing out. So Jenny came to a decision. She ___50___ the high school football coach to let her participate. She got her best friend to sign up with her. Finally the coach ___51___, saying, “If you miss one game, you are out!” So, Jenny became a member o the Garrett High School Football Team. She carried bottles of water to her teammates. She did much preparation work for the team. She worked so actively that it ___52___ to be one of the best year for the Garrett High School Football Team, in its 25-year history. When asked why he thought the team was winning all their games, even in the ___53___ of injury, one team member explained, “Well, when you’ve been knocked down, and you can’t seem to move, you ___54___ and see Jenny Lewis. It makes anything the rest of us may suffer seem pretty ___55___.” 36. A. trials B. examinations C. experiments D. treatments 37. A. control B. power C. strength D. pressure 38. A. through B. across C. over D. above 39. A. expressed B. wore C. took D. made 40. A. love B. admiration C. envy D. desire 41. A. speaking B. talking C. sharing D. voicing 42. A. nothing B. all C. none D. some 43. A. would B. could C. should D. might 44. A. ears B. legs C. arms D. mouth 45. A. see B. learn C. read D. hear 46. A. never B. totally C. occasionally D. seldom 47. A. struggle B. lose C. stop D. ease 48. A. grades B. relationships C. sports D. communication 49. A. importance B. difference C. chance D. choice 50. A. begged B. demanded C. required D. managed 51. A. gave out B. gave in C. held up D. held on 52. A. turned over B. turned out C. turned up D. turned in 53. A. sight B. fear C. risk D. face 54. A. looked down B. looked in C. looked up D. looked out 55. A. different B. worth C. difficult D. unimportant 阅读理解（ 小题； 第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
…… This election had many firsts and many stories that will be told for generations. But one that's on my mind tonight’s about a woman who cast her ballot in Atlanta. She is a lot like the millions of others
who stood in line to make their voice heard in this election, except for one thing: Ann Nixon Cooper is 106 years old.
She was born just a generation past slavery; a time when there were no cars on the road or planes in the sky; when someone like her couldn't vote for two reasons, because she was a woman and because of the color of her skin. And tonight, I think about all that she's seen throughout her century in America: the heartache and the hope; the struggle and the progress; the times we were told that we can't, and the people who pressed on with that American creed: Yes we can. At a time when women's voices were silenced and their hopes dismissed, she lived to see them stand up and speak out and reach for the ballot. Yes we can. When there was despair in the Dust Bowl and depression across the land, she saw a nation conquer fear itself with a New Deal, new jobs, a new sense of common purpose. Yes we can. When the bombs fell on our harbor and tyranny threatened the world, she was there to witness a generation rise to greatness and a democracy was saved. Yes we can. She was there for the buses in Montgomery, the hoses in Birmingham, a bridge in Selma, and a preacher from Atlanta who told a people that "we shall overcome." Yes we can. A man touched down on the moon, a wall came down in Berlin, a world was connected by our own science and imagination. And this year, in this election, she touched her finger to a screen, and cast her vote, because after 106 years in America, through the best of times and the darkest of hours, she knows how America can change. Yes we can. America, we have come so far. We have seen so much. But there’s so much more to do. So tonight, let us ask ourselves, if our children should live to see the next century; if my daughters should be so lucky to live as long as Ann Nixon Cooper, what change will they see? What progress will we have made?
…… (From Obama’s victory speech, 2008 )
56. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Ann Nixon Cooper was once a slave. B. Ann Nixon Cooper is a black woman. C. Ann Nixon Cooper knows Obama and his family very well. D. Ann Nixon Cooper contributed much to the changes of America. 57. What does the underlined part“cast her ballot”in the first paragraph probably mean? A. expressed her happiness B. worked for Obama C. voted in the election D. celebrated the victory 58. What message does this part of Obama’s speech mainly send? A. Ann Nixon Cooper has experienced the best time and the darkest hours of America in the last century. B. America has undergone great development in the last century and is looking forward to more great changes. C. Ann Nixon Cooper has witnessed the development and democracy of America. D. This election had many firsts and many stories that will be told for generations. B Some of the United States’ biggest banks have closed their doors to students at community colleges, for-profit universities and other less competitive schools, even as they continue to extend government-backed loans to students at eh nation’s top universities. Citibank has been among the most active in rebuilding the list of colleges it serves. JPMorgan Chase, PNC and SunTrust say have not dropped whole loan plans, but are cutting colleges. Some less-selective four-year colleges, like Eastern Oregon University and William Jessup University, say they have been dropped by some lenders. The practice suggests that if the credit crisis and poor conditions in the student loan business continue, some of the nation’s neediest students will be hurt most. The difficulty of borrowing money may keep them from attending school or force them to take a semester（学期） off. For those who have got student loans, they will end up with less
attractive terms and may run a greater risk of dropping out if they have to change lenders in the middle of their college year. Tuition and loan amounts can be quite small at community colleges. But these institutions, which are a stepping stone to other educational programs or to better jobs, often draw students from the lower ranks of the economic classes. According to the most recent data, about a third of US graduates took out loans, a majority of them guaranteed by the government. “If put too many obstacles in their way to get a loan, they ’ll take a third job or use a credit card,” said Jacqueline K. Bradley, assistant director for financial aid at Mendocino College. “That almost guarantees that they won’t be as successful in their college career.” Some loan companies have stopped the students loan business entirely, viewing it as unprofitable in the current environment. Students attending first-class, expensive, public and private four-year universities can expect to remain plentiful. The banks generally say these loans are bigger, more profitable, and less risky, perhaps in part because the banks expect graduates from these universities to earn more. So far, financial aid administrators say they have been able to find some lenders that students can switch to, but this is costly to students--- in money and time. 59. Who will be the most upset at the news? A. A poor students at a top university. B. A poor students at a community university. C. A bank clerk dealing with student loan business. D. A teacher from a for-profitable university. 60. With too many obstacles in their way to get a loan, students will probably __________. A. switch to top universities B. cancel their credit cards C. fail in their exams D. win a scholarship 61. When they say something is “government-backed”, you mean it is ___________. A. guaranteed by the government B. dropped by the government C. against government D. for government 62. What is the best title for the passage? A. The students loan business in America. B. Banks and universities in America. C. Student loans start to drop colleges. D. Credit crisis starts to affect loans. C There was once a beautiful nymph called Echo. But Echo had one failing; she was fond of talking, and whether in chat or argument, would have the last word. As she was good company , she and Zeus became good friends. However，Zeus’ wife, Hera, became jealous. She followed Zeus to the earth to find out what he was doing and Zeus asked Echo to distract Hera until he could escape. Later when Hera discovered she had been tricked, she became very angry. She turned on Echo and said, “You shall lose the use of your tongue because you cheated me. You’ll have the last word, bur no longer have the power to speak first.” So from that moment on, Beautiful Echo was hardly able to hold a conversation because she could only repeat the last words of those around her. She became very embarrassed and hid herself deep in the woods. One day a handsome young man called Narcissus came into the woods. He had been hunting deer and lost his way. However, the moment Echo saw him, she fell in love with him. She followed him, wishing to tell him but unable o begin a conversation. Oh, how she wished she could speak first. Unfortunately, Narcissus was far too busy worrying about where his companions might be and how he could find his way home.
Eventually Narcissus, with Echo following behind along, came to a pool of water in the middle of the woods. Feeling thirsty, Narcissus bent down to drink. As he did so, he saw a beautiful creature in the water staring up at him. . He immediately bent over and said to him, “I love you!” Echo, nearby, and seeing her chance, immediately responded “…. I love you!” But it was too late. Narcissus was already in love, with himself. ` The stranger seemed to rise up closer to Narcissus who was so involved that he entirely failed to notice Echo. “I want to stay and look at this beautiful sight forever,” he whispered dreamily to himself.”… Forever,” repeated Echo sadly. “Come her,” called Narcissus to his reflection as he moved his head and the creature seemed to move away. “…Here.” responded Echo. Narcissus bent back down to see his reflection more clearly. “So beautiful! I’ve never seen anything so beautiful!” “….So
beautiful!” responded Echo truthfully. Narcissus remained by the water refusing all Echo’s silent offers of food and drink until he died. Where he had been, a flower grew in his place, as beautiful as Narcissus himself. As for Echo, from that time forward, she also didn’t eat or drink till she turned to rocks and all that was left was her voice. Even now you can still hear Echo trying to attract Narcissus’ attention by repeating his words and still see Narcissus as a beautiful flower growing near a pool. 64. Why was Echo unable to let Narcissus know she loved him? A. Because she had lost the ability to speak. B. Because she was too shy to speak first. C. Because Hera had taken away her ability to speak first. D. Because Narcissus took no notice of her. 65. “The stranger” in paragraph 4 refers to ______. A. Echo B. A fairy in the woods. C. Hera. D. Narcissus himself. 66. Which of the following kinds of person can be described as a “Narcissus”? A. A person who loves and admires himself or herself. B. A person who’s afraid of being separated from companions. C. A person who is too shy to have a chat with other people. D. A person who loves to admire beautiful water flowers. 67. Which of the following is the correct order of the events? a) Hera wouldn’t let Echo start a conversation. b) Narcissus fell in love with his reflection in the water. c) Echo saw Narcissus and fell in love at the first sight. d) Echo distracted Hera to help Zeus escape. e) Narcissus became a flower and Echo a rock. A. a-b-c-d-e B. d-a-c-b-e C. d-a-b-c-e D. c-d-a-b-e 68. What’s the best title of this passage? A. Echo’s sacrifice. B. Echo and Hera. C. Echo and Narcissus. D. Narcissus’s self-love.
Critics of cloning often repeat the question related to the controversial(有争议的) science “Just because we can, does it mean we should?” The closer we come to being able to clone a human, the hotter the debate over it grows. For all the good things cloning may achieve, opponents say that it will do just as much harm. Another question is how to governing cloning process. There is federal official law banning cloning in the United States, but several states have passed their own laws to ban the practice. The US Food and Drugs Administration(FDA), has also said that anyone in the United States attempting human cloning must first get its permission. In Japan, human cloning is a crime that is punished by up to 10 years in prison. While laws are to ban cloning at this time, some scientists believe that the technology is not ready to be tested on humans. Ian Wilmut, one of the co-creators of Dolly, has even said that human cloning projects would be an irresponsible crime. Cloning technology is still in its early stages, and nearly 98% percent of cloning efforts end in failure. The embryos are either not suitable for implanting into the uterus(子宫) or they die shortly after birth. The clones that do survive end up suffering from deadly or problematic genetic abnormalities(畸 形). Some clones have been born with faulty heart, lung problems and blood vessel problems. One of the most famous cases was a cloned sheep that was born with but malformed arteries(畸形动脉) leading to the lungs. Opponents of cloning will point out that we can enthanize(安乐死) these faulty clones of other animals, but they ask what if a human clone is born with these same problems. Advocates of cloning respond that it is now easier to pick out faulty embryos even before they are implanted into the mother. The debate over human cloning is just beginning, but as science advances, it could be the biggest moral dilemma of the 21st century. 68. Which word in the text is the opposite of the underlined word “opponents”? A. critics B. advocates C. scientists D. co-creators 69. The writer writes this passage mainly to ________________. A. support passing laws to ban human cloning B. list problems with human cloning C. introduce critics’ ideas about human cloning D. state the debate over human cloning 70. Which of the following will Ian Wilmut probably NOT agree with?
A. Cloning technology is in its early stages. B. Human cloning should be made illegal. C. Very few cloning efforts are successful. D. Cloning technology is ready to be tested on humans
第二卷（两部分， 第二卷（两部分，共 35 分）
任务型阅读（ 小题； 第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：每空格 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。
All That noise is damaging Children’s Hearing
Michel become hooked on headphones in his early teens. He walked in the streets of Brooklyn day after day with his favorite music blasting directly into his ears. By his early 20s, Michel had lost much of his upper-range hearing. The Children’s Hearing Institute reports that hearing loss among children and young adults is rising in the United States, and that one third of the damage is caused by noise. Surrounded By Noise We live in a noisy world. Young and old alike are beset by sounds over which we may have little or no control: power mowers, leaf blowers, snow blowers, cars and house alarms, sirens, motorcycles, Jet Skis, loudspeakers, even movie previews. We attend rock concerts, weddings, parties and sports events at which the music is so loud you can hardly hear the person sitting next to you. At home, televisions, stereos and computer games are often turned up so loud that listeners can not hear a doorbell or telephone. Many “modern ” restaurants have chosen noise enhancement instead of abatement(减轻). Any time you need to shout to be heard by someone near you, your hearing is most likely to be in a decibel(分贝) danger zone. As if environmental noise were not enough, now we surround children with noisy toys and personal listening devices that can permanently damage their hearing. Toys that meet the safety standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials can produce sound up to 138 decibels, as loud as a jet plane taking off. Yet workplace rules require hearing protection for those exposed to noise above 85 decibels. Protecting Young Ears Before buying noisemaking toys, parents would do well to listen to how loud they are. If the toy comes with a volume control, monitor its use to make sure it is kept near the lowest level. Consider returning gifts that make loud noises, disable the noise-making function. Or limit the use of noisy toys to outside play areas. Children who play computer games and stereo equipment should be warned to keep the volume down. Time spent in video arcades, where the noise level can be over 110 decibels, should be strictly limited. Most iPods have a control that allow parents to set a maximum volume. Don’t take children to loud action movies. If you do go and the sound seems deafening, ask the manager to turn down the volume or insist on you money back. Children who play in bands and teenagers who use power tools, gardening equipment or guns should be made to wear hearing protection, available at sporting goods stores. The League for the Hard of Hearing urges parents to encourage participation in quiet activities, like reading, watching family-oriented films, doing puzzles, making thins with construction toys, playing educational computer games, drawing and painting, and visiting librarians and museums.
All That noise is damaging Children’s Hearing
Introduction Problem A boy lost much of his hearing due to being ___71___ to headphones. More and more children have suffered from hearing ___72___ loss.
Causes of the problems
★___73___ noise from: a) power mowers, leaf blowers, snow blowers, and etc. b) the music at rock concerts, weddings, parties and sports events which ___74___ us hearing someone nearby; c) televisions, stereos and computer games ___75___ than doorbells or telephones d) “modern ” restaurants ★Noise from: toys and listening devices which cause ___76___ damage to hearing. ★Monitor the volume of toys ★___78___ gifts making loud noise ★Limit children's time spent in video arcades ★___79___ taking children to loud action movies ★Make children wear hearing protection when around loud noise ★Encourage children to ___80___ in quiet activities
___77___ to the problem
书面表达（ 第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分） 为了保护自己的知识产权，微软公司 2008 年 10 月决定对盗版软件的使用采用“黑屏”的 措施。此举在网上引起了轩然大波。请你更具下表中提供的信息，写一篇博客文章，对此事件 进行综述，并表达自己的观点和建议。 事件起由：2008 年 10 月，为了保护自己的知识产权，微软公司决定对盗版用户采用“黑屏” 的措施，此举在网上引起了轩然大波。 微软观点： 1. 公司投入资金研究新产品，应当获得利益回报。 2. 盗版软件让该公司每年蒙受几十亿美元的损失 网民观点： 1. 正版价格太高，微软应考虑发展中和发达国家用户消费能力的差距。 2. 微软公司应当采取正当的法律手段反对盗版，不能侵犯消费者隐私。 自己的观点和建议： （请考生自己拟定内容，列举两到三点） 注意： 1. 词数 150 左右。文章中不得提及考生所在学校及本人姓名。 2. 参考词汇： 网民：netizen 侵犯：infringe on 正版：legitimate copy 黑屏：black out the desktop screen In order to
常州市 2008—2009 学年上学期高三期末教学质量调研 — 高三英语试卷参考答案
单项选择：ADCBB，CADBC，BACBC 完型填空：BDABA，DCBAC，BDCBA，BBDCD 阅读理解：BCBBC，ACCDA，BCBDD
任务型阅读：addicted loss Environmental prevents/ stops louder/ noisier permanent Solutions Return Avoid participate 书面表达： In order to preserve its intellectual property, in October, 2008, Microsoft decided to black out the desktop screen of pirated software users, which has aroused/ stirred up a heated discussion on the Internet. From the point of view of Microsoft, since it has invested large sums of money in developing new products, it has the unquestionable right to profit from them. What’s worse, the company’s loss resulting from pirated software can reach up to billions of US dollars annually. As a consequence, this measure is no doubt a must. Nevertheless, netizens think absolutely differently. In the first place, large numbers of people have no alternatives but to use pirated software, just because they can’t bear the high price of the legitimate copy, and facing this situation, the company has the responsibility to take it into account that there exists a wide gap in purchasing power between developing and developed countries. In the second place, the company should fight against piracy in a proper and legal way. As it is, it has infringed on the privacy of the users concerned, and caused great loss to them. As far as I’m concerned, on one hand, we should do everything in our power to stop using pirated software in order to encourage companies to develop more advanced products. On the other hand, companies like Microsoft need to take wiser measures to protect themselves. After all, extreme action can’t solve problems at all.