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定语从句讲解及练习解析



英语高考复习---定语从句讲解及练习解析 第一部分:基础知识 (一) .定语从句概述 定语可以由形容词,代词,数词,名词,不定式,介词短语来充当。如果是一个 句子担任定语,那么这个句子就叫做定语从句,又可称为形容词性从句。 定语从句通常修饰某一名词或代词,被定语从句修饰的这一名词或代词叫先行词, 它位于定语从句之前,定语从句在先行词后面,应尽量紧跟先行词。定语从句的作用 即在于对先行词进行限定说明或补充说明。 (二) .定语从句的引导词。 定语从句的引导词分为两类,关系代词(that, which, who, whom, whose )和关系 副词( when, where, why ) ,引导词在先行词和定语从句之间,既起连接作用,即连接 先行词和定语从句,更重要的是,它又在定语从句中作一个成分。 (三) .关系代词 1. that 指人,物,在从句中作主语,宾语,表语。 This is the photo that I took in the country. He is the singer that I met yesterday. 2. which 指物,在从句中作主语,宾语,在非限定定语从句中充当定语,或者代替前句 The film which we saw last night was moving. 3. who 指人,在从句中作主语,宾语。 The person who visited our classroom yesterday was our new headmaster. The man who you just talked to is Tom. 4. whom 指人,在从句中作宾语。 That is the professor whom you want to know. 5. whose 指人,物,在从句中作定语,相当于先行词+ ’s, 后接一名词。 I know the boy whose parents are dead. I don’t like those cities whose roads are dirty. 【注】 :关系代词在从句中作宾语时可以省略。
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(四) .关系副词 关系副词在从句中作状语,有时相当于介词+which,其中 which 指代先行词不 可以指示整个句子。 1,when 指时间,在从句中作时间状语,相当于 at/ on/ in/ during which. I’ll never forget the day when (on which ) I reached the top of the Huangshan Mountain. 2,where 指地点,在从句中作地点状语,相当于 at/ in / to/ which. This is the school where( at which ) I studied. 3,why 指原因,在从句中作原因状语,相当于 for which. That’s the real reason why (for which ) he was late. 第二部分:关系代词的特殊用法 (一)关系代词指物时, 用 that 而不用 which 的情况: 1,先行词为 something ,anything ,nothing ,everything 以及 all , much , little , a lot , none , few 等不定代词时。 My mother was so proud of all that I did 2,先行词有 the last , the very , the only 以及 all , much , few , no , any ,little 等修饰时。 This is the very book that I’m looking for . 3,先行词为序数词、形容词最高级(或所修饰)时。 This is the most exciting film that I’ve ever seen . When people talk about Hangzhou , the first that comes to their mind is the West Lake . 4,the same 修饰先行词时 , 定语从句要用 that 或 as 引导 , 但意义不同。 This is the same watch as I lost last Sunday . (表示相同但并非同一) This is the same knife that I used yesterday . (表示就是那个) 5,先行词既有人又有物时, 只能用 that。 Do you remember the book and its author that appeared on TV last Sunday 6,There be 后面的定语从句多用 that 引导 , 不用 which 。 There’s a seat in the corner that is still free . 7,句子前面出现了 who , which 时 , 后面的定语从句用 that 引导。
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They built a factory which made some new products that had never been seen before . Who is the man that you were talking about just now ? 8,关系代词在定语从句作表语时, 常用 that , 而不用 which 、who 。 My home town is not the small village that it was 10 years ago . Tom isn’t the man that he used to be (二) 关系代词指人时, 有时只用 who ,而不用 that。 1,先行词为指人的代词 one , those , the man,以及人称代词如 he 等。 Those who are often late for school should be punished . He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man . 2 , 先 行 词 为 someone (somebody), no one (nobody), anyone (anybody), everyone (everybody) 。 Anyone who would like to attend the party should come on time . 3,先行词指人时, 如有序数词, 最高级, the very , the only ,the last 等修饰 , 定语 从句既可用 that 也可用 who 引导。 He is the first student who / that worked out the problem . (三) 关系代词 whose 的用法: 1, whose 在从句中作定语 ,表示“先行词的…” ,既可指人,也可指物。 John is my best friend , whose father is a scientist . The old man lived in the house whose window was broken . The boss , in whose company my father worked , was very friendly to the workers . 2,whose 可以转换为 of which(物)和 of whom(人) 。 1) The dictionary whose cover is missing is mine . ( 划线部分可改为 the cover of which 或 of which the cover ) 2) They also invited Mr Wang , whose car was stolen last Sunday . ( 划线部分可改为 the car of whom 或 of whom the car ) (四) which 的特殊用法: 1, 关系代词 which 引导的非限制性定语从句 , 有时不是修饰某个先行词 , 而是指代 主句的全部或部分内容 。特别注意,非限定定语从句中 prep+which 时,which 只 能指代先行词,不可以指代句子。

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1 ) In China , you sometimes get a hot damp cloth to clean your face and hands , which ,however , is not the custom in western countries . 2)Helen often came late , which made the class teacher angry . 2,which 有时可在定语从句中作定语 , 含义上相当于指示代词 this / that 。 1) He stayed in England for 5 years , during which time he learned English well . 2) It may rain hard tomorrow , in which case I won’t go fishing . 【注】 : which 的这种用法与 whose 作定语不同 。whose 表示“ 先行词的… ”。 They’re talking about a film , whose name I have forgotten . 3,以介词结尾的动词不定式作定语时 , 可借关系代词 which 把介词前置。 1)Tomorrow would be Christmas Day , and she had only $ 1.87 with which to buy Jim a present . 2)Those poor people had no houses to live in / in which to live . 【注】 如果先行词指人,关系代词用 whom 。 I want to find a person to travel to England with / with whom to travel to England . (五) 关系代词 as 的用法: 1. 引导限制性定语从句: 当先行词有 such , so , the same 等修饰时, 关系代词要用 as ;as 在从句中可作主语, 宾语和表语。 1) . I have never seen such a kind girl as she is . 2) . He is such a good teacher ( so good a teacher ) as every student respects . 比较:He is such a good teacher ( so good a teacher ) that every student respects him . ( 此句为 such / so … that 引导的结果状语从句 ) 3) . Such a student as often studies hard is sure to pass this exam . 4) . He bought the same bike as I did last week . 区别 that I did last week 2. 引导非限制性定语从句: as 不修饰某个先行词, 而是指代主句的全部或部分内容 , 可译为“这一点, 此事; 正如” ,或不译。这种从句可位于句首、句中或句尾 。常见于

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as we all know ,as has been said above ,as is usual,as is often the case , as everybody can see,as is known to us all 等结构。 1) . He has passed the exam , as is a pleasure to us . 2) . As we all know , the earth moves around the sun . 3) . This experiment , as you had expected , succeeded at last . 3.,如前所述 , which 也可引导这种从句 , 两者常可互换。(非限定性定语从句谓语句末 且指代前面的主句) 1)Those two students are wearing the same clothes , which / as is very interesting . 2)They came to the party on time , as / which had been expected . 但在以下两种情况下有区别 : 1) . as 从句可位于句首(或主句前) , 而 which 从句只能在主句后。 As is often the case , we have worked out the production plan . 2) . 关系代词作主语时, 如果从句的谓语是及物动词+宾语的结构, 则只能用 which 。 His father died in a traffic accident , which made us greatly surprised . 3)当 which 在从句中指代的是先行词而不是主句,只能用 which The car, which we saw on the playground, is Mike’s. 4) “介词+关系代词”引导定语从句时,只能用 which。 Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, the price of which was very reasonable. 5)当后置的非限定性定语从句是否定结构时只能用 which 引导。 He result of the experiment was very good,which we hadn't expected 6)“介词+关系代词”引导定语从句时,只能用 which。 Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, the price of which was very reasonable. 第三部分:关系副词的特殊用法 (一) 关系副词 when , where , why 的用法: 1. 关系代词 (which / that) 与关系副词 (when, where, why) 的选取方法: A) 当先行词是定语从句中的主语或宾语时,选用关系代词。关系代词指代先行词,并
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代替先行词在从句中作主语或宾语。 B) 如果先行词不是定语从句中的主语或宾语 , 先行词前面需要加上一个介词才能在 从句中作成分的时候 , 选用关系副词。关系副词在从句中作状语,常可转换为 “介 词 +which”。 1) Do you remember the day _______ we spent in the mountain village ? Do you remember the day when ______ we visited the mountain village ? 2) This is the factory _____ we visited last year . This is the factory _______ he worked last year . 3) We don’t believe the reason _______ he gave for his coming late . We don’t know the reason ______ he has changed his mind . 2. 关系副词 where 的从句还可以修饰 point,situation,case,activity , scene , stage 等地点意味不明显的先行词。关系副词 when 的从句可以修饰 occasion , stay 等时 间意味不明显的先行词。关系副词 why 只修饰 reason 这一个先行词。 1) Now you can see we’ve come to the point where a change is badly needed . 2) Today we’ll discuss some cases where beginners of English fail to use it properly . 3) There are few occasions when my students can’t understand what I teach in class . 3. when 和 where 在少数情况下可作介词宾语。

1) . The naughty boy was hidden behind the door , from where he saw his mother walking into the house .( where 指代 behind the door 。不能换为 which ,因为 which 只 能指代 the door ) 2) . They went to American three years ago ,since when they have lived there .

( when 指代 three years ago 。 不能换为 which , 因为 which 只能指代 three years =and since then) (二) 1 that 在有些句型中可视为关系副词: way 后面的定语从句常用 that 或 in which 引导 , 但可省略。 I don’t like the way ( that / in which ) you speak to your parents . The way ( in which / that ) he worked on the problem was wrong . [注]: 如果 way 在从句中作主语或宾语, 应该用关系代词 which / that。 He explained the problem in a way that / which everyone could accept .
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2 . It is ( about , high ) time that … (正)是 …… 的时候了。 that 从句中常用一般过去时, that 在口语中可省略。 It was high time that we stopped pollution . It is time that you had lunch now . 比较 There was a time when ( during which ) we were short of oil . 3. This is the first ( second ,… last ) time that … ( 从句中常用完成时态 )

This is / will be the last time that I have come to China . It was the first time that he had been invited to China . 第四部分:定语从句有关要注意的问题 (一) 关系代词作主语时,要注意从句中谓语动词的单复数。 1 . 先行词只有 one of 修饰时 , 从句谓语用复数。 He is one of the students in our class who have been to Hainan . This is one of the best books that were written by the writer . 2. one of 前有 the,the only ,the very ,the first 时 , 从句谓语用单数。 Tom is the only / very one of the boys who knows the truth . (二) 1 定语从句的隔离现象: 定语从句和先行词之间有时会被状语, 定语或者其他成分隔开, 要注意找准先行词。 The film brought the hours back to me when I was taken good care of in that village . Is there a restaurant around where we can have lunch ? ( around adv. 在周围 ) The days are gone when we used foreign oil . (主句谓语较短, 隔开先行词与定语从句) 2. 1) 2) (三) 定语从句中关系代词和关系副词的后面有时会出现插入语。 He is the man who I think is fit for the job . --- Is that the small town you often refer to ? --- Right , just the one where you know I used to work for years . 定语从句中有时会使用倒装语序: Three days later , we found an old house , in front of which stood a big tree . Finally they climbed up the mountain , above which appeared a beautiful rainbow .

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(四)

注意区别定语从句和其他从句: 1 .区别 where 引导的定语从句和地点状语从句。 (最明显的区别是定语从句一定有先行词) After the war , a new school was put up where there had once been a theatre . (状语从句) A new school was put up at the place where there had once been a theatre . (定语从句)

2.

区别“介词+which”的定语从句和“介词+what”的宾语从句。

1) This is the company in which he worked three years ago . ( which 引导定语从句 ) 2) A modern city has been set up in what was a wasteland ten years ago . ( what 宾语从句) 3. 区别 that 的定语从句和同位语从句。 The news that he won the match made us excited . ( 同位语从句 ) The news ( that ) he told us made us very excited . ( 定语从句 )

【注】 :同位语从句中 that 不作句子成分, 但不能省略,去掉 that 从句仍然完整。定语从句 中 that 是关系代词,可作主语或宾语,作宾语时可省略。

训练题 一.单项选择 1. Robert went to Shanghai in his twenties _________ several years later, he became a company director. A. when B. where C. which D. who 2. The kind-hearted couple decided to adopt the boy ________ parents had been killed in an accident. A. whose B. who C. with whom D. his 3. Last week our school put on an English play _____ Jim acted an important part. A. which B. when C. where D. what 4. The boss, _____company Ms. King worked ten years ago, looked down upon women. A. in which B. in that C. in whose D. whose 5. Hangzhou, _______ we paid a visit last spring, is one of the most beautiful cities in China. A. which B. where C. to there D. from which
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6. Many people like to chat online, _______, as most of them think, they can express themselves freely. A. which B. there C. that D. where 7. This is an important subject ______ we might argue for a long time. A. about it B. with which C. about which D. with it 8. These old pictures bring to their mind the college days ______ they spent together, ____ life was hard but happy. A. which; when B. when; which C. which; which D. when; when 9. The reason _______ he gave for his second visit to the city was simply ______ he admired the sights here so much. A. why; that B. why; why C. which; that D. which; why 10. A new type of car is on sale on the market, _____ makes it attractive to young people. A. its low price B. what low price C. the low price of which D. the low price of it 11. It is in the factory _______ you're going to pay a visit to ______ this kind of computer is made. A. /; that B. where; that C. /; where D. that; which 12. We are in a difficult situation ________ we don't develop new products, we will end up closing our doors. A. if B. where C. if where D. where if 13. Mr. Wilson has been to many cities in China, ______he thinks, Shanghai has impressed him most. A. with which B. in which C. of which D. on which 14. You can hardly imagine the rate ________ his car has been running on the freeway. A. with which B. to which C. at which D. for which 15. Sometimes our success depends on ______ we are lucky or not and sometimes it depends on the manner ______we conduct our life. A. whether; of which B. whether; in which C. that; by which D. that; for which 16. It's dangerous for you to use a kind of medicine ____________. A. that you are allergic to B. that is allergic to you C. which is allergic for you D. which you are allergic for 17. Such people ________ were invited to the party showed no special interest in the soup he specially made for them, _______ made him upset. A. who; that B. as; that C. who; which D. as; which 18. I often think of the hours _____ I stayed with you, ____ have a great effect on my life. A. /; which B. which; who C. which; that D. when; which 19. I shall never forget those days _______ I lived in the city with the workers, ______ has had a great effect on my life. A. which; that B. which; which C. when; which D. when; who 20. This is one of the most exciting football games ________ I have ever seen. A. where B. that C. what D. which 21. We were deeply impressed by the teachers and the schools _____ we had visited there. A. which B. whom C. who D. that 22. The girl _____ we met yesterday is a film star, _____ played the leading role in the film _____we saw last time. A. when; who; which B. that; that; / C. /; who; / D. that; that; that
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23. It is the second school _______ I used to work at, many teachers of ______ still have a good relation with me. A. which; that B. where; that C. that; that D. that; which 24. _______ was known to them, the manager had broken his promise _______ he would give them a rise. A. As; what B. It; that C. It; what D. As; that 25. When you visit his family, you may chat for an hour or so, ________ not even a cup of coffee or a glass of water is offered. A. by this time B. by which time C. during this time D. during which time 二.语法填空 26. There are some cases _______ students obviously know the school rules but don't obey them. 27. The expert offered us another piece of advice, _______ of great help to our program. A. I think it is B. I think which is C. which I think it is D. which I think is 28. He hid in a nearby palm tree, ______ he could see the patrols searching for him. 29. A man with a bleeding hand hurried in and asked, “Is there a hospital around ______ I can get some medicine for my wounded hand?” 30. They lost their way in the forest, and _______ made matters worse was that night began to fall. 31. _______ medicine works in a human body is a question _______ not everyone can understand fully. 32 Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment , _____ I will always treasure . 33. The book was written in 1946 , ______ the education system has witnessed great changes . A . when B . during which C . since then D . since when 34. Is this hotel_______he stayed last year ? 35.Is this the hotel_______he stayed last year ? 36. .Is it in the hotel_______he stayed last year ? 37.Is this hotel_______he complained about? 38 The days are gone physical strength was all you needed to make a living. 39 Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, ______ the audience can buy ice-cream. 40 Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, ______ of course, made all the others upset. 三.翻译 1.I will never forget the teacher who taught us chemistry in the first year of my senior middle school. 2.Anyone who wants to apply for this job must send us the resume by email first. 3. I have tried on three caps, none of which fits me well.Yesterday, I happened to meet , in the shopping center , the professor who ( whom ) I got to know at a party . 4. Do you know the name of that girl whose brother is your roommate ? 5. People will always remember the time when Hong Kong and Macao returned to our motherland .

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四. 定语从句翻译(练习一) 1. 去年我们在医院照顾的老太太死了。 2.你想娶的姑娘昨天偷了我的钱包。 3.孙老师写的书是世界上最好的书。 4.你喜欢女孩就是我喜欢的女孩。 5.昨天被我家的狗咬的人今天又被你家狗咬了。 6.你知道他打算出国留学你的原因吗? 7.我讨厌我住过的那个旅馆。 8.我永远也忘不了我们共同生活和学习的那个秋天。 9.他爱了 10 年的那个女孩昨天嫁人了。 10.她是我见过的最善良的女孩。 11.有什么事我能帮你吗? 12.昨天死的那个老太太留下了 100 万美元。 13.昨天那个医生告诉我他为我爹什么也做不了了。 14.这就是你能在上面找到答案的那一页. 15.正像老师昨天说的那样,他没有通过考试。 (二)翻译练习二 16.正像刚才讨论的那样,学习英语很容易。 17.正像我妈昨天告诉我的那样,我的女朋友根本不爱我。 18.正像你知道的那样钱是非常重要的。 20.你知道你们家狗要死的原因吗? 21. 她就是那个到明年年底,会攒一万美圆的那个女孩。 22. 你见过那个警察一直在找的小偷吗?
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23. 昨天他告诉我,是谁吃了我的苹果,那个苹果是我妈妈给我买的。 24. 自从她出生以来她就从未见过她爸爸。 25. 她昨天告诉我,自从他去年见到她父亲,就再也没有见过了。 26. 你知道你们班长喜欢的那个是贼的女孩吗? 翻译二: 1.我将永远不会忘记在高一时教我们化学的那位老师。 2. 想应聘这个职位的任何人都必须先通过电子邮件向我们发送简历。 3. 我试戴了三顶帽子,没有一顶合适。 4 他常在人们一般不会感到害怕的情况下却感到恐惧或是感到不自在。 5. 昨天在购物中心,我遇见了那位我在一次聚会上认识的教授。 6. 你知道她的哥哥与你同寝室的那位女孩的名字吗? 7. 人们会永远记住香港和澳门回归祖国的那一时刻。 四.基础写作
【即学即练 1】 一. 根据以下信息,介绍一位传奇人物: 姓名:Allan Stewart 国籍:澳大利亚 出生日期:1915 年 3 月 7 日 世界纪录:2006 年获得硕士学位时年龄最大。

【即学即练 2】 请你根据以下信息卡,写一篇关于白茶的英语短文参赛 名字:白茶 地位:中国六大茶类之一 名字由来:因呈银白色而得名 主要产地:福建,台湾

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【即学即练 3】 请根据以下信息,用英语介绍人物 姓名:斯诺登(Snowden) 年龄:29 岁 职业:美国中央情报局(CIA)前雇员 事件:曝光美国中央情报局窥探公民隐私 事情经过:从香港逃亡俄罗斯,滞留在俄罗斯机场中转站(transit zone); 一个月后,终于获 得俄罗斯为其提供的庇护(asylum) 影响:1)引起人们对美国政府是否有权窥探世界公民隐私的热烈讨论: 2)引发人们对于网络安全,个人隐私的严重担忧;

窥探:snoop around 【写作要求】 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 【评分标准】 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯

一.单项选择 Keys: 1-5 BACCB 6-10 DCACC 21-25 DCDDD 二.语法填空 26. Where 27.from where 28. Where 29.where 30.what 31.how;that/which 32.one 33.since then 34.where 35.where 36.that 37.the one 38.when 39.when 40.which
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11-15 ADCCB 16-20 ADDCB

广州市执信、广雅、六中 2014 届高三 9 月三校联考 II. 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 11—25 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卷上将该项涂黑。 The western world has always been divided into two types of people—the cool and the uncool. It is a 11 that starts in school. The cool kids are good at sports. They are popular with the opposite sex. They 12 their style. They can do their homework but they don’t make a are good-looking and people want to big effort. That would not be cool. The great 14 13 kids are in the other corner of the playground. They are very bright, but they don’t have skills, not popular with the opposite sex and they are 15 at sports. When they are not

programming computers or doing calculus (微积分) , they are watching shows like the “X Files”. They are known as the geeks. But the geeks are taking over. Make friends with them now or they will put virus in your computer and 16 your maths homework to ruin. Geeks might not be popular at school, yet they do pass their 17 18 good degrees, though they might not be too popular at university. of the 21st century, computers and IT, has been at least partly created by geeks. 19 others to follow their examples. Being a geek is a way of earning good 20 of their own to work and play in, making them a examinations. They The most important

Geek heroes like Bill Gates global force. be you your 22 23 25 21

money. And the creation of the Internet gave them a

, the effect of the geeks on popular culture has started a new trend. It is now cool to

. Geek culture is becoming an important part of general popular culture, in which what is more important than what you look like. 24 . Geeks were often bullied (欺侮) or laughed at in school. Now a geek may be C. group C. copy C. clever C. experimental C. hopeless C. prefer C. take C. progress C. demand C. chance C. Still C. attractive C. receive C. possibilities C. friend
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But there are also 11. A. time 12. A. show 13. A. uncool 14. A. personal 15. A. tasteless 16. A. introduce 17. A. score 18. A. discovery 19. A. excite 20. A. world 21. A. However 22. A. imaginative 23. A. remember 24. A. dangers 25. A. secretary

. Perhaps it is time for punishment. B. division B. act B. unimportant B. attractive B. careless B. bring B. lack B. industry B. discourage B. challenge B. Therefore B. uncool B. understand B. questions B. trainee D. part D. represent D. strange D. social D. helpless D. add D. save D. improvement D. promise D. heaven D. Besides D. cool D. know D. wonders D. boss

第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号 中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答卷标号为 26—35 的相应位置上。

III. 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卷上将该项涂黑。 A The house was quiet at 5 a.m. and Tim’s mother was asleep. Only the sound of the big freezer broke the quiet. He’d dreamt of the cave last night. The purring (轻微颤动声) of the freezer had been the sea. Tim pulled on a sweater and put some apples into his schoolbag. It was too early for breakfast. He’d eat after he’d been through the cave, sitting on the rocks and staring at the sea. He wished he had a proper pack. His schoolbag would have to do. What else? Sandwiches ---but his mother might wake up if he started pulling out bread for sandwiches, she’d want to know why he had to leave so early. He settled for some biscuits, and left a note stuck to the table. Gone to Michael’s Back tonight .Tim. The sky was high and soft and light outside, though the sun still wasn’t up. Even the highway up the hill was quiet as he made his way down the street. The wind from the sea was fresh and sweet. The sandhills still breathed heat from yesterday’s sun, though the top of the sand was cool. He ran down to the beach impatiently, but there was no one, just dry sand dancing in the early wind and seabirds marching up and
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down watching the waves. The light changed suddenly. The first rays of sunlight stretched across the sea. The sun was pushing its way over the edge of the world. Over the first rocks, along to the point, Tim glanced back. The beach was still empty. The sun sailed higher in the sky. He could see the cave now, even darker in the morning light. The sand turned silver then dark gold as the water flowed away from it. He had to force himself to go closer. Why was it so much more mysterious now? But it would be silly to go back now after so much trouble. He needn’t go in all the way …

38. What made it possible for Tim to see the entry to the cave? A. The height of the first rocks. C. The change in the position of the sun. B. The ups and downs of the waves. D. The vast stretch of the sunlit beach.

39. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the story? A. The sea looked like a piece of gold. B. Seabirds flew away when Tim arrived. C. Tim was the only person on the beach. D. The sky got dark as Tim reached the cave. 40. In the story, Tim’s mood changed from A. loneliness to craziness C. helplessness to happiness . B. anxiousness to excitement D. eagerness to nervousness

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B “A very destructive seven-year old child kicked my legs and scratched at my hand,” said one teacher. “I broke up a fight and was kicked,” said another. Many people have heard stories like this. But the situation is more worrying still and it involves parents. Every child, regardless of the circumstances into which they are born, has the right to achieve their potential, regardless of their parents’ wealth and class. And we recognize that, as a nation, it is a long way to achieve this goal. But rights come with responsibilities and what worries people is that we are in danger of neglecting the latter. Far too many children are behaving badly at school, even to the point of being violent to staff. This is terrible enough,but it is hard to be surprised since many children are just mirroring the behavior of their parents. Too many are starting school unable to hold a knife and fork, unused to eating at a table, and unable to use the lavatory properly. We are in danger of becoming a nation of families living separate lives under one roof. The bedroom, once a place to sleep, has become the living space for the young. Spending hours in front of computer screens, on social networking sites or being immersed in computer games, children and young people spend little time with their parents. Parents are unable to monitor just what their children are watching. Schools cannot right the wrongs of society and teachers cannot become substitute parents. Both parties need to work together. Parents must be helped and given confidence to take back control. They are responsible for setting boundaries for their children’s behavior and sticking to those boundaries when the going gets tough. They are responsible for setting a good example to their children and for devoting that most precious of resources---time---so that children come to school ready and willing to learn. 41. What problem do people ignore in the writer’s opinion? A. The school violence. C. The right to achieve students’ potential. B. The pressure of students’ learning. D. Students’ responsibilities. . D. tolerance

42. The writer’s attitude to the behaviors of parents may be that of A. dissatisfaction B. sympathy C. understanding .

43. The underlined part in Paragraph 4 may mean

A. children don’t live with their parents in the same room B. parents care little about children’s life at home C. children spend little time with their parents at home D. parents attempt to establish a good relationship with their children
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C Many of us mistakenly believe that it’s wrong to think we have any good qualities. We may spend a lot of time blaming ourselves for our negative qualities, thinking that self criticism is the key to improving our performance. However, a constant focus on our supposed shortcomings can stop our efforts to make friends with other people. How can we believe that others could like us if we believe our inner being is flawed? If someone seems to dislike you, the reason for that dislike might have little or nothing to do with you. The person who doesn’t like you might be fearful, or shallow or busy or shy. Perhaps you and that person are simply a mismatch for each other at this particular time. Don’t take yourself out of the game by deciding that your flaws are bigger than your good qualities. In fact, some of the very qualities you consider to be flaws may be irresistible to someone else. Although some factors that might cause one person to reject you, there are at least many factors that will work in your favor. You might be thirty pounds over your ideal weight, but you may have a wonderful laugh and a real enthusiasm for life. There are many people who don’t mind your extra pounds. You may drive a shabby car, but you might be a great dancer and a loyal friend. There are people out there looking for loyalty, or fun, or sweetness, or wisdom, and the package it comes in is not important. If you are worried that you are not beautiful enough to attract friends, keep in mind that not everyone is looking for physical beauty in their friends. You can decide to feel inferior because you don’t have much money and you don’t drive a nice car. You can believe that this is the reason that you don’t have many friends in your life. On the other hand, if you are very wealthy you may be suspicious that everyone is after your money and that nobody really likes you as a person. The point is that you can focus on just about anything and believe it’s the reason you do not have friends and cannot make any.
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46. According to the passage, A. admitting your shortcomings 47. If you are not liked by a person,

plays an important role in making friends. B. self criticism . C. modesty D. confidence

A. you should find the reason in yourself B. you’d better talk with the person face to face C. you may not be the one to be blamed 48. We can learn from the third paragraph that D. you and that person misunderstand each other .

A. your good qualities may make you earn more money B. your weakness may also be your strengths in some way C. your negative qualities may cause you to lose friends D. you’ll have few friends if you don’t share the same interest 49. Which of the following is TRUE according to the author? A. It is important to lose weight. B. It is easier for a wealthy person to make friends. C. Inner qualities are more important than physical appearance. D. If you are not beautiful enough, try to improve your physical beauty. 50. What do you think the author is most likely to suggest if he continues to write? A. How to find your good qualities. C. How to make self criticism. D Most employers say that they wish to employ the right person for the right job. A recent report by Britain’s Independent Institute of Manpower Studies, however, disagrees with this. The report states that most employers wish to avoid employing the wrong person. Rather than looking for the right person they are looking for applicants to turn down. The report also suggests that in Britain and in many other parts of the world the selection methods used to pick out the right person for the job certainly do not match up to those used to judge a piece of new equipment. Employers used three main selection methods: interviewing, checking resume or application forms and examining references. Most of the employers asked in this survey stated that these selection methods were used more for weeding out unsuitable applicants rather than for finding suitable ones. Interviews were considered to be more reliable than either resume checks or references from past employers. Research, however, proves otherwise. Interviewers’ decisions are often strongly influenced by their earlier judgment of the written application. Also different employers view facts differently. One may consider applicants
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B. How to make friends. D. How to keep fit.

who have frequently changed jobs as people with broad and useful experience. Another will see such applicants as unreliable and unlikely to stay for long in the new job. Some employers place great importance on academic qualifications whereas the link between this and success in management is not necessarily strong. Some employers use handwriting as a standard. The report states that there is little evidence to support the value of the latter for judging working ability. References, also, are sometimes unreliable as they are not very important while checks on credit and security records and applicants’ political opinions are often the opposite. The report is more favorable towards trainability tests and those which test personality and personal and mental skills. The report concludes by suggesting that interviewing could become more reliable if the questions were arranged in a careful, organized system and focused on the needs of the employing organization. 51. According to the passage, when most employers want to hire workers, A. they will try to find suitable people B. they will look for the right applicant C. the wrong applicants are to be turned down D. to turn down the wrong people is what they say they aim to do 52. It is implied that . .

A. to evaluate a right person is more difficult than to evaluate equipment B. employers are more successful in selecting the right equipment than the right persons C. criteria will be set up according to the real situation of the applicants D. resumes means application forms 53. Most of the recruiters (招聘人员) A. consult the applicants C. prefer resumes or references 54. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Employers get different conclusions from the facts. B. Changing jobs frequently will reduce the chance to be recruited. C. Academic qualifications will guarantee the applicant managing ability. D. Handwriting is a valid way to evaluate an applicant. 55. It can be inferred from the passage that successful employees will be those who A. have outstanding references C. take interviewing seriously B. are strong in emotional quotient D. have strong political leanings
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. B. can find suitable people D. use different ways to sort out the unsuitable applicants

.

第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卷上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂黑。 以下五人有需要着手处理的问题。 A. Pacha London www.pachalondon.com The world’s most historic club is set in a building of the 1920s beautifully decorated in its original oak paneling and features an impressive glass ceiling. You can enjoy beauty, style and elegance when clubbing at London’s most historic night club Pacha and appreciate works of some famous musicians. B. Amika London www.amikalondon.com Amika plays host to the new super elite (精英) who are seeking the latest fashion trends. A unique playground designed for fun. It is the final destination for major players and glitterati (上层人士) alike. It features table reservations & bookings, events and corporate bookings. C. SeOne Club London www.seonelondon.com SeOne is one of London’s largest music clubs. Situated in the north of London, SeOne consists of five rooms. It can be broken down into smaller spaces and can be used for parties as small as 100 people. SeOne Club has attracted all kinds of promoters and event organizers, from corporate giants to dance promoters. D. Koko Club www.koko.uk.com Situated at 1A Camden High Street, Central London, Koko Club represents a versatile (通用的), 21st-century club. It’s very adaptable so it can be used for anything---from small comedy to international music awards. A must visit! E. Bar Rumba www.barrumba.co.uk Located in London’s west end, Bar Rumba is one of London’s leading late night clubs. Playing funk, jazz, Afro-beat, Latin, Cuban, salsa, drum & bass, break beat. It has an amazing sound system for dance music. Every night it delivers a different beat---from hip hop to Latin dance, from grime to jazz. F. Club Colosseum www.clubcolosseum.com Situated in 1 Nine Elms Lane. Vauxall, London, Club Colosseum won the world’s best club award in 1999. Now it features a new VIP room, a spectacular riverside bar with a view all over London & the River Thames. 下面是几位人员的情况简介,请匹配他们感兴趣的休闲场所。 56. Michael is a great painter and has just moved to London from America. On his arrival, Michael was struck by the beautiful Thames. He dreams of going to a famous night club where he can easily appreciate the unique view of the river.

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57. Nancy comes from Japan and wants to go to a world-famous night club with a long history to help her know more about the British culture. Besides, Nancy likes to listen to great musical masterpieces. 58. Laura is crazy about dancing and enjoys different dances with fascinating dance music. Now she is in search of a night club that can offer her quality dance diversity. 59. Lily would like to celebrate her eighteenth birthday at a proper night club next week. She intends to invite over a hundred friends and relatives to her birthday party, most of whom are working in northern London and are true music lovers. 60. Harry is the general manager of a large company in London and he would like to go to a night club which is fashionable. What’s more, it should be suitable for someone of his status.

IV. 写作 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 假设你所在小区的物业管理中心就目前存在的问题张贴告示,如下所述: 告示 亲爱的业主: 目前,小区饲养宠物的人越来越多,宠物粪便随处可见,且难以清除。为防止含有有害细菌的粪便传 播疾病, 所以就此提醒宠物应受到严格限制, 且宠物主须牢记: 1、 须到相关部门办理宠物饲养许可证; 2、 须在宠物年满四个月后的 30 天内为其接种疫苗,并在一年内再次接种疫苗。 物业管理中心 2013 年 9 月 11 日 【写作内容】 1、描述目前小区出现的问题; 2、物业管理中心的提醒; 3、宠物主须牢记的两点; 4、张贴此告示的目的。 【写作要求】 1、开头与结尾已给出; 2、只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。 提示词:vaccinate 给…接种疫苗

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Notice Sept 11th, 2013 Dear residents,

Hence, every pet owner should consciously take good care of your pet in a right way. Property Management Centre

第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 The elephant and the fly An elephant was standing and picking leaves from a tree. A small fly came, flying and buzzing (嗡嗡叫) near his ear. The elephant waved it away with his long ears. Then the fly came again, and the elephant waved it away once more. This was repeated several times. Then the elephant asked the fly, “Why are you so restless and noisy? Why can’t you stay for a while in one place? ” The fly answered, “I am attracted to whatever I see, hear or smell. My five senses pull me constantly in all directions and I cannot resist them.What is your secret? How can you stay so calm and still?” The elephant stopped eating and said, “My five senses do not rule my attention. Whatever I do, I get involved in it. Now that I am eating, I am completely absorbed in eating. In this way I can enjoy my food and chew it better. I rule and control my attention, and not the other way around. So when you are in charge of your five senses and attention, your mind will become calm too.” 【写作内容】 1、以约30个词概括短文的内容; 2、然后以约120个词就“专注”这一主题发表你的看法,并包括以下要点: (1)看完故事后的感受及启发; (2)描述一段你或他人因受太多干扰而使学习、生活或工作受到影响的不愉快经历; (3)你打算在高三这一年里如何保持专注、专心。 【写作要求】 1、在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文 中的句子; 2、作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】
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概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

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2014 届高三 9 月联考· 英语 答案及说明

第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) An elephant was constantly disturbed by a restless fly, who wondered about the secret of remaining calm. The elephant revealed that calmness would be obtained when one’s senses and attention were focused. After reading the story, I was inspired by what the elephant said. The ability to focus one’s attention is the key to success in doing anything. Just like the fly, a person who is easily distracted by the surroundings will feel restless and tired, is unable to achieve his success. This reminds me of what happened when I entered high school as a Senior One student. I was so excited to find that there were various student organizations and after-class activities intended for us students. It seemed that many groups were suited to me. During the first term, I was attracted whenever there was a notice from a student group and I was eager to find out more about it. As a result, I didn’t spend enough time on my studies. Nor could I settle down on my homework every day. Consequently, I fell behind my classmates and failed in an important exam. I have learned a lesson from this experience that one should focus on one thing at a time before he can get it well done. As a Senior Three student, I intend to set a clear goal for myself first. Then I will give priority to what I will be doing and keep it up, trying to resist the temptation of other events. I am fully aware that only when I have
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a clear and determined mind can I achieve my goal in the end.

一.单项选择 Keys: 1-5 BACCB 6-10 DCACC 21-25 DCDDD 三.语法填空 27. Where 27.from where 28. Where 29.where 30.what 31.how;that/which 32.one 33.since then 34.where 35.where 36.that 37.the one 38.when 39.when 40.which 二.翻译 1.我们在医院一直照顾 take care of 的老太太死了. The old lady whom we had taken care of in the hospital last year died. 2.你想娶 marry 的姑娘昨天偷了我的钱包。 The girl whom you want to marry stole your wallet yesterday. 3.孙老师写的书是世界上最好的书。 The book that Mt. Sun wrote is the best book in the world. 4.你喜欢女孩就是我喜欢的女孩。 The girl who you like is the girl who I like. 5.昨天被我家的狗咬的人 bite 今天又被你家狗咬了。 The man who was bit by my dog was bit by my dog today again. 6.你知道他打算娶 reason 你的原因吗? Do you know the reason for which he is going to marry you? Do you know the reason why he is going to marry you? 7.我讨厌 hate 我住过的那个旅馆 hotel。 I hate the hotel where I lived. I hate the hotel in which I lived. I hate the hotel I lived in. 8.我永远也忘不了我们共同生活和学习的那个秋天 autumn。 I will never forget the autumn when I studied and lived with you. I will never forget the autumn in which I studied and lived with you. 9.他爱了 20 年的那个女孩昨天嫁 marry 人了。 The girl whom he had loved for 20 years married someone yesterday. 10.她是我见过的最漂亮的女孩。 She is the beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 11.有什么事我能帮你吗? Is there anything that I can do for you? 12.昨天死的那个老太太留下了 100 万美圆。 The old lady who died yesterday left one million.
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11-15 ADCCB 16-20 ADDCB

13.昨天那个医生告诉我他为我爹什么也做不了了。 The doctor told me yesterday that there is nothing that he could do for my father. 14.这就是你能在上面找到答案的那一页. This is the page ,where you can find the answer. This is the page ,which you can find the answer on. 15.正像老师昨天说的那样,他没有通过考试。 As the teacher told me yesterday, he didn’t pass the exam. 16.正像我们刚才讨论的那样,学习英语很容易。 As we was discussing just now, it’s easy for us to study English. 17.正像我妈昨天告诉我的那样,我的女朋友根本不爱我。 As my mother told me yesteray , my girlfriend didn’t love me at all. 18.正像你知道的那样钱是非常重要的。 As you know, the money is very important. 19. 我们现在学的商务英语非常有用。 We are studying the business English, which is very useful for us In the future. 20.你知道你们家狗要死的原因吗? Do you know the reason why your dog is going to die? 21. 她就是那个到明年年底,会攒一万美圆的那个女孩。 She is the girl who will have made ten thousand dollars by the end of nest year. 22. 你认识那个警察一直在找的小偷吗? Do you know the thief whom (who) the policeman has been looking for? 23. 昨天他告诉我,是谁吃了我的苹果,那个苹果是我妈妈给我买的。 Yesterday, He told me who had eaten my apple which my mother bought for me. 24. 自从她出生以来她就从未见过她爸爸。 She has never seen her father since he was born. 25. 她昨天告诉我,自从他去年见到她父亲,就再也没有见过了。 Yesterday, she told me that she had never seen her father sine she was born 26. 你知道你们班长喜欢的那个是贼的女孩吗? Do you know the girl who (whom) your monitor likes? 翻译二: 1.I will never forget the teacher who taught us chemistry in the first year of my senior middle school. 2.Anyone who wants to apply for this job must send us the resume by email first. 3. I have tried on three caps, none of which fits me well.Yesterday, I happened to meet , in the shopping center , the professor who ( whom ) I got to know at a party . 4. Do you know the name of that girl whose brother is your roommate ? 5. People will always remember the time when Hong Kong and Macao returned to our motherland .
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定语从句训练题解析 1.【解析】答案为 B。where 引导的是定语从句,修饰的是 Shanghai。句意:Robert 二十几岁 时去了上海,在那里几年后,他成了一个公司主管。 2.【解析】答案为 A。whose 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 the boy。句意:那对好心的夫妇决 定收养那个父母在事故中死亡的孩子。 3.【解析】答案为 C。本题考查定语从句。act a part in a play 在戏剧中扮演角色。该句中 play 为先行词,介词 in 后需用 which 来引导定语从句,而 in which 相当于 where. 4.【解析】答案为 C。whose company Ms. King worked in 是一个定语从句,修饰 boss。本句 中介词 in 提到关系代词前。 5.【解析】答案为 B。pay a visit to ... 参观 / 游览(某地) ,where we paid a visit last spring 是 非限制性定语从句,补充说明 Hangzhou 的情况,其中,where 相当于 to which。 6【解析】答案为 D。where 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 online;where 在从句中作地点状语, 意思是“在网络上”。as most of them think 作插入语。 7.【解析】答案为 C。argue (with sb.) about / over sth. 关于某事与某人争吵。本句为包含定语 从句的主从复合句,介词 about 提到了关系代词前。 8【解析】答案为 A。which 引导定语从句修饰 days,因为从句中 spent 是及物动词,所以选 which 作宾语。when 也引导定语从句,修饰 days,因为句子结构完整,所以 when 在句中 作时间状语。 9.【解析】答案为 C。which 在定语从句中作 gave 的宾语; 第二空的 that 引导表语从句。 10. 【解析】 答案为 C。 该句是由 which 引导的非限定性定语从句, which 代替先行词 a new type of car,C 选项相当于 whose low price。 11【解析】答案为 A。第一空考查定语从句的引导词, 先行词是物,可用 that 或 which,因为

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在从句作 to 的宾语,that 和 which 可省略;第二空为强调句的引导词,只能用 that。 12【解析】答案为 D。定语从句的先行词为 situation,表示抽象地点,所以从句要用关系副 词 where 来引导;定语从句中又包含有一个状语从句,因此选 D。 13【解析】答案为 C。根据句子结构可看出是对定语从句的考查,which 指代先行词 cities, of which 表示范围,“在去过的城市中”。 14 【解析】 答案为 C。 “介词 + 关系代词”引导定语从句, at which 中的 which 指代前面的 rate, 它前面一般加介词 at 表示“以……速度”。 15【解析】答案为 B。第一空构成 whether ... or not 结构,表示“是否……”;第二空缺定语从 句的引导词,该定语从句的先行词是表示方式的 manner,而表示“以某种方式”用 in a manner,所以第二空应用 in which。 16. 【解析】 答案为 A。 be allergic to sth. (某人)对……过敏,medicine 为先行词,关系代词可用 that 或 which。 17 【解析】 答案为 D。 此题考查 such (...) as 结构, 这里 as 引导定语从句, as 在从句中作主语; which 引导非限制性定语从句。 18.【解析】答案为 D。______ I stayed with you 是定语从句,修饰先行词 the hours,关系代词 在定语从句中作时间状语,因此用 when。由于第二空引导的是非限制性定语从句,所以 用 which,指代前面整个主句。 19.【解析】答案为 C。第一空用 when 引导定语从句,在句中作状语,先行词为 those days; 第二空用 which 引导非限制性定语从句,指代 those days when I lived ... workers。 20.【解析】答案为 B。当先行词有最高级修饰时,引导定语从句的关系代词只能用 that,不 能用 which。 21【解析】答案为 D。the teachers and the schools 是先行词,包含人和物,用 that 引导。 22.【解析】答案为 C。考查引导非限制性定语从句的关系词不能用 that;关系词在从句中作
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宾语时可以省略。 23【解析】答案为 D。第一空填 that,是因为先行词用序数词修饰;第二空填 which,考查“介 词 + which”引导定语从句的用法。 24【解析】答案为 D。本句话的意思为:正如大家所知道的,经理违背了他说要给他们加工 资的诺言。第一空填 as,用来引导非限制性定语从句,as 用来代替后一句话的意思;第 二个空后的句子用来说明 promise 的具体内容,起补充说明的作用,是同位语从句,从句 中不缺少成分,故选 that。 25【解析】答案为 D。先行词为 an hour or so。本句中 during which time 引导非限制性定语从 句,意为“在此一小时左右的时间内”。 26【解析】答案为 B。situation, case 和 point 作先行词,后跟定语从句时,若这几个词在从句 中作状语,则定语从句常用 where 引导。 27【解析】答案为 D。I think 在从句中作插入语, which 是定语从句的主语。 28【解析】答案为 A。本题考查 from where 引导的定语从句,此处 from where 相当于 from in a nearby palm tree。句意为:他藏在附近的一颗棕榈树里,从那里可以看到搜查他的巡逻 队。 29【解析】答案为 C。句中的 around 不是介词,而是副词,意为“在附近”;其后的 where 引 导定语从句用以修饰其前的地点名词 hospital,句意为:附近有没有一家医院,我可以去 治我的手伤? 30【解析】答案为 D。what made matters worse 是主语从句(注意其后有谓语动词 was),相当 于 the thing that made matters worse。 31【解析】答案为 A.。how 引导主语从句,that 引导同位语从句 32【解析】答案为 C。此时,one 是分句的先行词,同时 one 是 moment 的同位语 33 【解析】 答案为.D。 此时 when 相当于 in 1946 , 最简单的说法就是 and since then , and since
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the / this that = which 34【解析】答案为 C。where 引导表语从句,并非定语从句;如原句在 hotel 前加 the,则为定 语从句;A 项改为 the one where 也正确,可理解为 where 引导的定语从句修饰 the one。 35【解析】答案为 C。where 引导的定语从句修饰 the hotel,并在从句中作地点状语。 36【解析】答案为 B。此句为强调句。 37【解析】答案为 A。the one 为表语,其后的定语从句省略了引导词 that 或 which。 38【解析】答案为 A。横线是定语从句,修饰先行词 days,而先行词 days 的含义在从句中作 时间状语,所以选择 when。 39【解析】答案为 A。Interval 意为间隔,休息时间。是表示时间的名词,作先行词,它的含 义在从句中作状语,即:the audience can buy ice-cream( in the interval). 所以选择 A when. 40【解析】答案为 B。插入语 of course,把它去掉之后,不难看出是考查 which 引导非限制 性定语从句,which 代替整个主句,所以选 B which。

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