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清朝绘画(英文)


The Art History of Qing Dynasty
With the influence of political, economic,ideological, and cultural, the painting of Qing Dynasty showed the special Art style. We can find out this era of painting include the one style of landscape, literati painting and freehand ink painting about the local painting mode. The other style is having innovation and foreign Art style. The Qing Dynasty painting displayed the various Art style. As a simple result, I find that the Art history of Qing Dynasty had a large reformation in the latter of Qing Dynasty. This essay is aiming at looking for the different between the latter of Qing dynasty and others. I want to find out the Art history of Qing Dynasty’s career.

Early Paintings
This period is popular with the landscape and literati painting. It includes two kinds of panting style. On the one hand, it is paying attention to imitate the local Art style to paint the paintings.Itsmain representatives are named “Four King”, as Wang Shi Ming, Wang Hui, Wang Jian and Wang Yuan Qi. They pay more attention to imitate the ancient paintings and they think that the superb painting skills are the most important thing about painting pictures. They also like the kind or meek painting style. Their Art style is thought highly by the government. It is representing the Court Painting. On the other hand, it focuses on the nature environment paintings. It is the main to describe the mountains, rivers, lakes and many different beautiful landscapes. Its the center of people who are Shi Tao, Shi Xi, Jian Jiang and Zhu Da. It is named Four Buddhist Monk. The four people have the violent loving about the nation. They painted pictures which showed the evil of the society and they did not worry about the bind of local Art style or the repression of Qing Dynasty. It is the main representative about the Folk Art. The two painting styles are developing as same as quickly in early period.

Shi Tao,Landscapes

Medium Paintings
It is the stability and prosperity period in the Qing Dynasty about Kang Xi, Yong Zheng and Qianlong. The painting has a large progressive and is more popular, especially in Beijing and Yangzhou. There are many different kinds of paintings about the Court Painting. As character

painting, flower-and-bird painting and landscapes. In this period, representativesare Jiao Bing Zhen, Len Mei, Jing Ting Biao, Ding Guan Pen, Yao Wen Han. There are also many foreign painters, as Lang Shi Nin, Wang Zhi Cheng , Ai Qi Men. They take the Western painting of light and shadeof perspective and Create a new style connect Chinese and Western. This new painting style is different with the Chinese local painting. The new one is more paying attention to paint the creature and describe the detail of things. Liang Shi Nin, Eight Horses

The local Art style is mainly to show the paintings’ nature environment and display the landscape or creature paintings. It is important for paintings to show the characteristic scenery and the temperament of something. The advantage of local painting is representing the Chinese painting and it can develop our national painting. The Medium paintings period that is named the transition. In the medium painting, there are many different various Art styles being born on the Southern of China. They are painting about plum, bamboo, orchid, stone… They are good for using the free and easy style and their paintings have more deep thought and intense feelings. The representative painters are Zheng Xie, Jing Nong, Gao Xiang… these paintings experience the many difficulties and problems, because they can not suitable to this terrible society.People always paint the landscape and creature paintings. It is the characteristic of Medium Paintings.

Late Paintings
From Late Qing Dynasty to the end of Dynasty, Art style has a large reformation. In the last Qing Dynasty, our country has been attack by some other foreign countries. The feudal society has been dead and Chinese became semi-feudal society gradually. The painting style change a lot, the essential painting aspect about literati painting and Court painting wasdecline. The local painting style would be end, and the suitable Art style be producing. Since hundreds of years recently, Shanghai became China's largest industrial and commercial city. Painters and literati were coming here to make a living. In this way,

there are some new kinds of painting style, it is the connection of Qing Dynasty and The modern Art. Because of economic backward, we have one suitable Art style. It is named sea painting style, It is suitable to the new various person and have other mode. The main characters are Zhao Zhiqian, XuGu, RenXiong… They inherited the tradition of their predecessors and put calligraphy, seal carving and other art forms into the painting. They create a grand, heroic image of uninhibited art of painting by using hearty Emotion pen to force the ink dripping gas rich, bright colors and strong layout calligraphy stone. There is also some kind painting style. They are good at paint Figures, portraits and flower freehand. They work drawn wide range of novel conception, ingenious, flexible pen and ink, to fresh and bright, widely appealing style, won the majority of the public sectors alike. Yi skills either full, varied, the most prestigious in Shanghai. XuGu known paintings of flowers fruits, vegetables, use dry pen bald front, dry ink light color, lines and more war button, style cold Jun, unique style.The great modern effect of paintings is suitable to this period. As the Ling Nan painting style in the Guang Dong province is born too late that it get some foreign Art style to produce own painting style by themselves. And it learn drawing, aquarelle formed by combining Chinese and Western style, the way is good for the new development of China's painting made a good attempt. In the last Qing Dynasty, it also has the landscape painters. The famous painters name Tang Yi Fen, Dai Xi… The Tang Yi Fen is one of best painters in the Qing Dynasty, he is good at painting landscape and nature paintings. It is obviously that the last Art period is not familiar with other periods in the Qing Dynasty. It has more foreign culture and Art technology in the paintings, it connect the local painting style with the foreign Art style.

Folk art
It is the most prosperous period in the Qing Dynasty about Qian Long and Jia Qing. Especially, it is more active in the industrial and commercial prosperity of small towns. The Folk Art includes paintings and prints. The Folk art painted more auspiciousness subject matter, content popular, engaging images full, bright, concise style, full of decorative. And it focuses on color, contrast, simple style. It is representative of the Art history in Qing Dynasty.

Complain
Between the last period painting style and the others, it has the main difference is whether connect with the foreign Art style. To be honest, it is better to add the foreign Art style than single. It is so important for Art to get more other and different various to rich itself. Only the single style can not painting the better paintings In early paintings,The king as the representative of four southern painter system there anyway, there is residual Kun, Shi Tao, Zhu Da, Hongin other four monks. Represented Gong Xian Jin Ling eight to Charles River standard, plum, represented by Xin pie. In medium paintings,The emergence of Kang Xi and Qianlong, painting is also a

large development, the achievements are the most prominent figure painting. Meanwhile, in developed commodity economy, Yangzhou, set off a wave of new artistic trends, formed as the representative of the Yangzhou Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou School of Painting, the nearly modern birds have had a profound impact In the last period of paintings,China was gradually reduced to semi-feudal painting also will be a great change. Formed a new business center of the city as the new techniques, new style, new of painting. There arerepresentativesin Shanghai and Guangdong Zhu Lian, Juchao, Jianfu, GaoQifeng as the representative of the Lingnan school of painting.

Conclusion
As the result, the Art history of Qing Dynasty has a very long experience to consummate own painting styles. It is the difficult and full of frustrations way to achieve these goals. The long time is basis on getting more good knowledge, and it can make us easy to complain the different with the painting style. The Art history of Qing Dynasty is origin of painting style in early and medium paintings period. However, it is changing the style in the last painting period. As we can see, one reformation needs a very long time to achieve. We should keep it patiently, and try my best to get to these goals. The Art history is a very large engineering project need to find and looking. The history is real an interesting, exciting and profound. I love the History and Art very much.

Wang Chuan 2011 .11 .30


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