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Unit



Unit 4

Earthquakes
Reading (Period 1)

1

Discussion
An earthquake happened in Tangshan in 1976. How much do you know about it? Let’s enjoy a video.<

br />
A NIGHT
THE EARTH DIDN’T SLEEP
3

The title “A night the earth didn’t sleep” means______ C A. The earth was wide awake all night long. B. People on the earth couldn’t fall asleep that night. C. The earth shook like crazy and wouldn’t stop that night, causing great damage to people. D. Animals on the earth would not sleep that night.
4

When did the earthquake happen?
At about 3:00 am, July 28th, 1976.

How many people were killed or injured during the quake? More than 400,000. In what order did the writer write the passage? A. in order of importance B. in order of place C. in order of time D. in order of position before the earthquake during the earthquake 5 after the earthquake

? Find out the topic sentence of each paragraph.

? Then divide the text into three parts.

6

Paragraph
1
2 3 4

Topic sentence
Strange things were happening in the countryside of northeast Hebei.
Everything began to shake. It seemed as if the world was at an end.

Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed.
All hope was not lost.
7

Three parts & Main ideas
Time Main idea ? Damage
? Warning signs

Para 1 Para 2 Para 3 Para 4

Part1 Part2 Part3

? During ? After ? Before

? Rescue

8

Part1 Signs before the earthquake.
The water in wells The well walls Smelly gas Chickens & pigs Mice Fish In the sky The water pipes People Rose & fell
Deep cracks in them Came out of the cracks Too nervous to eat Ran out, look for places Jumped out, ponds, bowls Bright lights Cracked & burst

were asleep as usual
9

Please listen to Part 2 and then answer the following questions.

What time did the earthquake happen? Where did the earthquake begin? How long did the earthquake last?

At about ___________ 3:42 am

11 kilometers ___________ directly below the city

15 _______ seconds.
10

What things were in ruins?
bridges houses houses roads

dams
bricks buildings
factories

canals

In ruins

ground
hills

hospitals

people
11

More damages caused by the quake. chickens/pigs Wells Rescue workers/doctors Water ,food, electricity dead filled with sand

trapped
hard to get

at an end It seemed as if the world was ________.
12

All hope was not lost.

rescue workers, Who went into the city? army, soldiers……
What did the soldiers and rescue workers do for the city? 1 help the rescue workers 2 dig out the people who were trapped 3 bury the dead 4 save the coal miners 5 build shelters for survivors 6 transport the water
13

Summary:

____ happened in Tang Shan. For a few days, water in the wells ____. From the ____ of wells ____ came out. Mice, chicken, pigs and even fish became ____. At 3:00a.m, everything began to ____.It seemed as if the world was _____. ______ of the nation ____ it. ______ cut across the city. The city lay _____. Two-thirds of the people _____ or _______. But all hope _____. _____ came to help those _____. Slowly, the city began to _____.

Read the text again and fill in the blanks:

Strange things happened in Tang Shan. ____________ For a few days, water in the wells smelly gas rose and fell _____________. From the _________ cracks came out. Mice, chicken, of wells ______ nervous At pigs and even fish became ______. shake 3:00a.m, everything began to _____.It in ruins seemed as if the world was _______. One-third of the nation _____ felt it. __________ A huge crack ___________cut across the city. The at an end Two-thirds of the city lay ________. died or ___________. were injured But all people _____ was not lost _______ Soldiers came to hope __________. survivors Slowly, the city help those ________. 15 breathe again began to ______________.

Tangshan’s new look

16

Tangshan’s new look
Now the city of Tangshan has become a modern city with a large number of new tall buildings. This is because the people of Tangshan worked hard to rebuild their hometown.
17

Group work

If you were a survivor(幸存者) from the Tangshan Earthquake, what would you like to say to a survivor from the Kaikoura Earthquake in New Zealand?

18

Homework
1. Retell the story according to the text. strange things damage rescue ——————|—————|—————|———→ before… during… after…

2.Finish Exercise 1 on page 27.
19



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