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10年复旦千分考试题及答案



复旦大学 2010 年自主招生试题
1、 下列词语中用字正确的一组是________。 A.自暴自弃、针贬时弊、比比皆是、寥若晨星 B.含辛茹苦、拭目以待、穿流不息、绿树成荫 C.书画精萃、浮想联翩、迥然不同、跌宕起伏 D.英雄气概、美轮美奂、变本加厉、眼花缭乱 2、 以下作家按时代排列,无误的一组是________。 A.魏晋作家:曹操、嵇康、陆机、扬雄 B.隋唐五代

作家:贺知章、高适、柳宗元、谢灵运 C.宋代作家:柳永、王安石、辛弃疾、黄庭坚 D.清代作家:吴敬梓、冯梦龙、袁枚、魏源 3、 盛唐边塞诗派的代表、山水田园诗派的代表,以下所填无误的是________。 A.岑参、高适;王勃、王维 B.岑参、高适;王维、谢灵运 C.岑参、高适;王维、孟浩然 D.岑参、高适;孟浩然、谢灵运 4、 《大堰河——我的保姆》《雨巷》《致橡树》的作者分别是________。 、 、 A.冯至、戴望舒、北岛 B.艾青、戴望舒、舒婷 C.艾青、卞之琳、舒婷 D.冯至、卞之琳、北岛 5、 以下带点的汉字读音相同的一组是________。 A.薄田、薄地 B.干劲、劲旅 C.不胜枚举、胜利 D.溃烂、溃脓 6、 以下繁简对应不正确的一组是________。 A.简体:干细胞;繁体:乾細胞 B.简体:姜太公;繁体:姜太公 C.简体:瞭望;繁体:瞭望 D.简体:肤色;繁体:膚色 7、 以下诺贝尔文学奖获奖者按获奖年代排序不正确的一组是________。 A.罗曼罗兰、萧伯纳、索尔仁尼琴、高行健 B.加缪、肖洛霍夫、大江健三郎、川端康成 C.泰戈尔、叶芝、赛珍珠、海明威 D.尤金—奥尼尔、罗素、丘吉尔、萨特 8、 以下有三个错别字的一组词是________。 A.编篡、床第之私、沉湎、渲泄 B.灸手可热、饮鸩止渴、世外桃源、大拇指 C.趋之若骛、追溯、额手称庆、发韧 D.磬竹难书、青睐、痉挛、一幅对联 9、 以下与勤奋学习无关的词语是________。 A.逾墙钻隙 B.韦编三绝 C.炳烛之明 D.目不窥园 10、 以下四组古今字中,今字记录了古字的假借义的是________。 A.古字:匡——今字:筐 B.古字:取——今字:娶 C.古字:师——今字:狮 D.古字:解——今字:懈 11、 下列各组词语中加点的字读音相同的一组是________。 A.中药大黄、山中大王 B.埋怨、埋藏 C.伐木丁丁、丁丁漏水夜何长 D.曝晒、曝光 12、 12、 “差点儿进球了”“差点儿没进球”“差点儿摔跤了”“差点儿没摔跤” , , , ,根据对这些句子的理解, 下面的分析正确的是________。 A. “差点儿”表示肯定, “差点儿没”表示否定。 B. “差点儿”表示否定, “差点儿没”表示肯定。 C.如果是不好的事情, “差点儿”和“差点儿没”的含义相同。 D. “差点儿”和“差点儿没”的含义十分灵活,没有规则。 13、 以下词语中, “火”的含义不一致的一组是________。

A.红火、社火 B.香火、文火 C.肝火、窝火 D.败火、上火 14、 以下对文学作品的分析,有误的是________。 A.巴金的《家》塑造了觉慧这一积极投身民主运动的青年,反映了旧社会中的家庭生活状况。 B.我国古代最优秀的民间叙事诗《孔雀东南飞》和《木兰诗》被称为“乐府双璧” 。 C.关汉卿的《窦娥冤》和王实甫的《西厢记》代表元杂剧的最高成就,汤显祖的《牡丹亭》则是明代传奇的代 表作。 D. 《左传》是我过第一部叙事详备的编年体史书,保存了春秋战国的大量史料。 15、 以下句首虚词,含有假设语气的是________。 A.唯是风马牛不相及也。 B.唯君图之。 C.岂不榖是为?先君之好是继! D.微夫人之力不及此。 16、 以下各组汉字,按字形结构“象形→指事→意会→形声”排列的是________。 A.虎、夕、朝、大 B.眉、中、取、遘 C.鼎、亦、伐、莫 D.车、问、甘、和 17、 用汉语拼音写“复旦大学” ,正确的写法是________。 A.Fu Dan Da Xue B.Fudan Daxue C.Fudandaxue D.FUDAN DA XUE 18、 以下四个字按笔画多少排列的一组是________。 A.谀象鼎溪 B.象谀溪鼎 C.谀鼎象溪 D.溪鼎谀象 19、 以下现代文学作品的文体相同的一组是________。 A.呐喊、背影、七根火柴、子夜 B.骆驼祥子、稻草人、野草、家 C.女神、繁星、记一辆纺车、给乌兰诺娃 D.朝花夕拾、白杨礼赞、海上日出、听潮 20、 一下是人按年代顺序排列正确的一组是________。 A.穆旦、徐志摩、卞之琳、李广田 B.余光中、海子、于坚、北岛 C.杨牧、戴望舒、艾青、顾城 D.闻一多、何其芳、洛夫、多多 21、 法国作家罗曼?罗兰德“名人传”包括________。 A.贝多芬传、米开朗琪罗转、托尔斯泰传 B.贝多芬传、达芬奇传、伏尔泰传 C.莫扎特传、米开朗琪罗传、托尔斯泰传 D.莫扎特传、达芬奇传、伏尔泰传 22、 下列句子中,不符合用字规范的一组是________。 A.玛格丽特却不落窠臼,她总是独个儿坐车到香榭丽舍大街去,尽量不招人注意 B.诚信是一个道德范畴,即待人处事真诚、老实、讲信誉,一言九鼎,一诺千斤。 C.攀缠术的形式表现为软磨硬泡,有些死皮赖脸的味道。 D.打蜡是瓷器作伪的手法之一。 23、 一下各组中带点的字在繁体字中没有共同偏旁的一组是________。 A.喜欢、参观、权力、灌溉、鹳鸟 B.挑拣、练习、锤炼、楝树、阑干 C.遥远、花园、猿猴、轩辕、袁氏 D.了解、明了、瞭望、官僚、了结 24、 以下诺贝尔文学奖获奖作品有误的一组是________。 A.吉檀迦利——饥饿石头、灵山、个人的体验、癌病房 B.雪国、静静的顿河、鼠疫、大地 C.圣女贞德、老人与海、约翰?克里斯朵夫、钢琴教师 D.变形记、战争与和平、尤利西斯、苔丝 25、 以下解释有误的是________。

A. “豆蔻年华”是指十三四岁的少女 B. “杏林之家”是指一家人都是医生 C. “大放厥词”的“厥”指猖獗 D. “绿草如茵”的“茵”指毯子 26、 以下句子标点正确的是________。 A.一番唇枪舌剑的争论之后,是继续开会?还是不欢而散?与会者议论纷纷。 B.澳大利亚外长斯蒂芬.史密斯说,澳已下令斐济驻澳高级外交官 24 小时内返回苏瓦,还说他对斐济“深感失 望” 。 C. “我们并不是要否定他们济宁军队现代化的权利, ”一位美国官员说, “但考虑到中国的大小以及它的位置和邻 国,我们有权利问, ‘你们这样做是出于什么理由?’ ” D.不管是谁,只要是了解这一领域的人——尤其是熟悉我们在该领域历史的人,都绝对会为中国的车的高级感 到惊奇。 27、 以下对“陈留,天下之衝”中“衝”字分析有误的是________。 A. “衝”是形声字 B. “衝”的意符是彳 C. “衝”的本义为交通要道 D. “衝”字简化后写作“冲” 28、 以下句子中,没有错别字的是________。 A.西亚国家以色列开源截流,技术用水,使水资源得以充分合理地利用,其经验值得各国借鉴。 B.他执着地追求自己的理想,不为世俗嘲笑所动,将伤痕变成自己的勋章,将旁观者的垢骂作为自己的踏脚石, 一步步地向梦想进发。 C.而斯巴达却完全相反,那是一个贫瘠而且了无生趣的国家。 D.那些人正虎视耽耽地积极搜寻这批“宝藏” 。 29、 以下各组词语,在变序后词性均未变的一组是________。 A.音乐——乐音、笔译——译笔、机动——动机 B.爱怜——怜爱、感伤——伤感、奋发——发奋 C.反倒——倒反、生养——养生、白灰——灰白 D.证实——实证、师法——法师、见识——识见 30、 以下诗句中,上句和下句对叠韵的是________。 A.田园寥落干戈后,骨肉流离道路中 B.庄生晓梦迷蝴蝶,望帝春心托杜鹃 C.风尘荏苒音书绝,关塞萧条行路难 D.穿花蛱蝶深深见,卢水蜻蜓款款飞 31、 以下所列古典名句,有误的是________。 A.好之者不如知之者,知之者不如乐之者 B.子曰: “质胜文则野,文胜质则史,文质彬彬,然后君子。 ” C.发愤忘食,乐以忘忧,不知老之将至。 D.仰之弥高,钻之弥坚,瞻之在前,忽焉在后。 32、 以下解释有误的是________。 A.为了记录字的本义而造的专用字和本来应该使用的字是本字。 B.文字的本意指造字之初所代表的词义。 C.在辞书编纂过程中,人们从形体上相关的一类字中择取形状相同的部分作为这一类字的标目字,由于它总是 放在这一类字的首位,故称部首。 D.秦始皇统一中国后,命李斯将史籀大篆略加省改,作为规范文字,即所谓隶书。 33、 The problem should be taken into serious consideration instead of being ( ) A. put back B. shrugged off C. dealt with D.disposed of 34、 Since no further information concerning the case was disclosed, people couldn’t help ( ) on its outcome. A. speculating B. apprehending C. reflecting D.fumbling

35、 In order to bring home to the students his theory, the physicist ( A ) it by three simple demonstrations. A. elucidated B. conformed C. escorted D.intimated 36、 The non-profit organization ( ) donation to the earthquake-stricken area. A. calls back B. calls forth C. calls for D.calls in 37、 As to the ancient images carved on the walls, there might exist a ( ) of possible interpretations. A. swarm B. pack C. flock D.multitude 38、 Housing is currently in a steep ( D) following an extended five-year boomed by the lowest mortgage rates in a generation. A. scoop B. stump C. swamp D.slump 39、 The boy was so amazed at the magician’s performance that he looked on with ( ). A. awe B. tiredness C. boredom D.patience 40、 Don’t be too ( D) about the food and it is good enough under this circumstances. A. special B. unusual C. attentive D.picky 41、 According to the report, four police officers have faced charges since the scandal ( ) last fall. A. flatted out B. came to light C. broke out D.burst out 42、 Just because one felt sad or depressed from time to time doesn’t mean that he or she is ( ) depressed in need of going see a psychiatrist. A. impeccably B. conceivably C.possibly D.clinically 43、 As a young man full of ambitions, he ( ) secretly in his brain the plan of establishing his own company even in high school. A. conceived B. perceived C. deceived D.launched 44、 Since the two countries couldn ’ t ( ) their differences, they decided to stop their negotiations. A. dissolve B. reconcile C. oblige D. render Cloze We modern wives and mothers are breathtakingly busy. We’re already to spend quality time with our kids; we’re guilty-stricken about how little time is ( 45) for our husbands; we’re longing for a little downtime for ourselves. Just how are we supposed to find the time to have a(an) ( 46 ) conversation with anyone outside our home of office? Supposedly, cell phones and e-mails are the answer. They allow us to( 47) those tiny windows of opportunities -- the “downtime” we experience while we’re chauffeuring around our kids,( 48 ), or waiting for a plane or a doctor. In my experience, however, real relationships are never built and (49) sustained on these exchanges. That’s because when the person you’re ( 50 ) with isn’t able to give you her full ( 51 ), it’ s hard, if not possible, to feel heard, ( 52 ) understood. It fails to comfort because it’s not nurturing – kind of the way popcorn fails to satisfy, ( 53) you eat a bucketful, because it’s not nourishing. Worse, it’s hard not to actively hate someone who( 54) your full attention when she’s only offering half of hers. I have a neighbor who has a headset mobile phone. The minute she’s in her car or otherwise multitasking, she puts in a call to me –( 55 ) my family’s dinner, summoning me in from the garden, waking us on Saturday morning on her way to the soccer practice. And for what?The tiniest of questions, the most passing of thoughts, the slightest of impulses. She has, after all, “only a minute”. If I’ve learnt anything in my hurried life, it’s just I won’t find the time for my friends; I have to ( 48 ) it. 45、 A. left out B. left behind C. left over D. left for

46、 47、 48、 49、 50、 51、 52、 53、 54、 55、 56、

A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A.

futile make fun of B. for instance randomly exchanging B. respect B. let alone since supplies joining B. learn

B. magnificent C. fertile make use of C. make up for D. B. for a while C. otherwise B. rarely C. frequently content C. conversing D. admiration C. expression B. left alone C. in addition B. if only C. even if B. catches C. draws interrupting C. consuming B. act C. make

D. meaningful make do with D. likewise D. usually cooperating D. attention D. in all D. but D. demands D. continuing D. do

Reading Comprehension Animation/emotion: Communication seen as authentic is generally passionate and animated Communication that is presented in a neutral or objective way is seen as less credible, and the motives of the speaker may be questioned. The assumption is that if you believe something, you will advocate for it. Truth is established through argument and debate. Conversational style is provocative and challenging, and the intensity is focused on the validity of the ideas being discussed. Effective teachers of African American students are often found displaying emotion to garner student respect. African Americans tend to perceive greater emotional intensity when rating the expressions of others. Directness/indirectness: Generally directly facing and talking with the person with whom you have an issue or problem is preferred. Someone who won’t face you directly shows his or her claim or problem to be invalid; the assumption is that anyone with a legitimate problem would come to the other person directly. A lack of response to a general accusation or allegation by someone is viewed as an indication of innocence. The internal attitude of an innocent person is "I know they aren’t talking about me, so I don’t have to respond.". Responding to a general accusation shows that the "mark hit home." A direct accusation will usually bring a direct denial and a request to confront the person making the allegation. In terms of romance, men and often women will usually state directly whether they are interested in a potential relationship. Ignoring or acting subtly disinterested is not interpreted as a sign of disinterest from a woman; it may be seen as a rude or arrogant response. Teachers are often expected to show they care by "controlling the class; exhibiting personal power; establishing meaningful personal relationships; pushing students to achieve the (class) standard; and holding the attention of the students by incorporating African-American interactional styles in their teaching". Eye contact: Tends to be quite direct and prolonged when speaking, less so when listening. This is the opposite of the dominant-culture pattern in which the speaker tends to look away from the listener and the listener looks directly at the speaker. The overall amount of eye contact is not different from dominant-culture patterns; it is when the eye contact occurs that differs. Gestures: Frequent and sometimes large gestures are normative. The expressiveness of the communication is what is valued, and if the gestures increase expressiveness they are seen as enhancing communication. Identity orientation: Traditionally, African Americans have a more collateral orientation than European Americans. Self is viewed and decisions are made within the context of the group and by assessing how the action will affect others in the collateral identity group. Turn taking and pause time: Turns are taken when the speaker is moved to speak; urgency, status, and the ability to command attention from others determines speaking order. The right to continue speaking is granted by others depending on how well the speaker’s idea is being accepted. Responses from others are usually made at the end of each of the speaker’s points and this is not felt to interruption of

the speaker. Turn taking in dyads is also regulated by non-verbal cues that differ markedly from those of the dominant culture. These include: hand gestures, postural shifts which mirror the conversational partner, intonation drop, tempo slowing, and lessening of intensity. The change in gaze direction employed in the dominant culture is often not used. Pausetimeis often brief; people in groups may interrupt or speak on the ends of other’s sentences. Space: Research on use of space among African Americans is mixed. Some studies indicate that, in race-matched pairs, black children will stand closer to each other during conversation than white children do. Other research has shown that African American adults employ a greater public distance from each other. Time: Linear time is not internalized to the extent it is in the dominant society. Being a more relationship-oriented culture, African Americans tend to be more relaxed in this regard--"The right time is when we get there." Anger from others at being late is often met with puzzlement? I’mherenow, let’ set started" is a common response to this kind of situation. Touch: Among friends, African Americans employ more physical touch than European Americans do and less than that usually seen among people of Latin or Arab cultures. African Americans tend to touch children more often and for greater lengths of time than do European-Americans. Vocal patterns: Black English contains a wide range of both volume and pitch within its acceptable pattern. The voice can range from a very quiet, deep sound to very loud and high-pitched, and all may be considered appropriate. Expressiveness and compatibility with the speaking situation is what determines whether the pitch and tone are "correct". There is not a fixed, relatively narrow range, as is the case in some other cultures. 57、 When having an authentic communication with an African American, you'd better present yourself ( ). A.in an emotional manner B.in a natural manner C.in a believable way D.in an objective way 58、 If you have a problem with an African American, a generally adopted way is to ( ). A.show off the invalid problem B.avoid meeting the person face to face C.talk with the person involved straightforward D.respond to the accusation indirectly 59、 In a romantic relationship of African American, ( ). A.both parties tend to express themselves subtly B.expressing the attitudes directly is normative C.showing disinterest at first is the common practice D.ignoring each other purposefully is widely accepted 60、 Compared with the dominant culture pattern, the eye contact among African Americans is inclined to be ( ). A.less direct when they are listening than speaking B.more prolonged when they are listening than speaking C.less prolonged when they are speaking than listening D.similar in both listening and speaking 61、 The turn-taking cue in African American speech pattern is that ( ). A.verbal hints are usually made B.the speaker will be interrupted directly C.body language is often employed D.there is a change in gaze direction 62、 Which of the following people have the least physical touch in communication? A.People in Africa B.European Americans C.People of Arab culture D.People of Latin origin

63、 The passage is mainly concerned with ( ). A.African Americans in interactional styles B.Dominant cultural behaviors in America C.Communicative patterns of a racial minority D.Different non-verbal cues in America 64、 From the passage, we can learn that_______. A. African Americans have a hurry-up lifestyle B. What determines speaking order is primarily social status C. American conversational style is intense and challenging D. the proper voice range is quite narrow in some culture. 65、 2009 年上半年,我国 GDP 增长 7.1%,受消费拉动 3.8 个百分点,最终消费对经济增长贡献率达 53.4%, 扣除价格因素,社会消费品零售总额实际增长 16.6%,为近 30 年来的第二高点。这说明_______ A.生产发展水平决定消费水平 B.消费水平决定经济发展水平 C.消费成为我国经济增长的最主要因素 D.消费对生产有反作用 66、 2010 年_____月______日,中国上海世博会将胜利开幕,这是有史以来第一次在发展中国家举行的综合 类世博会。回眸历史,世博会已经走过了________个春秋 A.5 1 120 B.10 1 150 C.10 1 120 D.5 1 150 67、 2009 年,国家将增加政府财政支出和结构性减税结合起来,中国拟增加中央财政赤字 9500 亿元,扩大 公共投资,并通过各种减税减轻企业、居民负担 5500 亿元。此举表明国家采取________。 A.适度宽松的货币政策 B.紧缩性财政政策 C.扩张性财政政策 D.适度从紧的货币政策 68、 应胡锦涛主席邀请,美国总统 Barack Obama 于 2009 年 11 月 15 日至 18 日对中国进行国事访问。两国 元首积极评价了中美建交三十年来中美关系取得的巨大发展, 并就推动新时期中美关系发展达成一致。 这表明中 美之间________。 A.存在共同的利益基础 B.外交政策发生改变 C.都能以对方的利益为重 D.价值观念日趋相同 69、 2008 年 12 月 31 日,中共中央总书记、国家主席胡锦涛在纪念《告台湾同胞书》发表 30 周年座谈会上 指出,要牢牢把握两岸关系发展的主题,开创两岸关系发展的新局面,他还强调了两岸关系发展的政治基础是 __________ A. 大陆和台湾同属一个中国 B. “和平统一,一国两制” C. 深化交流合作、推进协商谈判 D. 两岸通告团结奋斗、携手共进 70、 2009 年 4 月以来,面对全球甲型 H1N1 流感施虐,世界卫生组织严密监控,通过提高警戒级别等措施宣 示流感爆发请示,并派出专家奔赴各国,协调防控疫情,世界卫生组织是______。 ①联合国下属的一个专门机构 ②专业性国际组织 ③非政府间国际组织 ④政府间国际组织 A. ①③ B.②③ C.①②④ D.①③④ 71、 “人有悲欢离合,月有阴晴圆缺,此事古难全” 。这句话说明了_________。 A.事物是普遍联系的 B.要透过现象看本质 C.矛盾是普遍存在的 D.要抓住事物的主要矛盾 72、 恩格斯说:历史过程中的决定性因素归根到底是现实生活中的生产与再生产,这说明_______。 ① 人类社会发展的历史归根到底是人类从事物质资料生产的历史 ② 物质资料的生产实践是人类社会赖以存在和发展的基础 ③ 人类社会的发展就是社会生产力的发展 ④ 人类的生产劳动构成了人类社会的全部内容 A. ①②③ B.②③④ C.①② D.②③

73、 在世界经济艰难复苏的背景下,各国纷纷将新能源产业视为新的增长点,我国也规划到 2020 年在新能 源领域总投资达 3 万亿元,这说明我国正在______。 A.努力看齐世界发达国家,控制传统能源生产规模 B.积极推进绿色经济,缩减传统能源生产能力 C.抢占未来经济发展制高点,提升能源产业国际竞争力 D.推进能源产业结构调整,全面实施新能源替代传统能源发展计划 74、 2009 年 8 月 18 日,全国新型农村社会养老保险试点工作会议召开,温家宝总理要求,在国家财政困难 的情况下,宁可少上点项目、压缩其他方面开支,也要挤出钱来把这件大事办好。农村社会养老保险是_______。 A.商业性保险 B.政策性保险 C.有政府合同保证的保险 D.有权利义务约定的保险 75、 为应对全球金融危机,发达国家政府不约而同地实施了经济刺激计划,于此同时,曾经被西方经济学家 誉为制造了“一场像哥白尼在天文学、达尔文在生物学、爱因斯坦在物理学上一样的革命”的_______和其代表 作_______,再度受到了经济学家的关注。 A.约?梅?凯恩斯 《就业?利息和货币通论》 B.卡尔?马克思 《资本论》 C.亚当?私密 《国民财富的性质和原因的研究》 D.大卫?李嘉图 《政治经济学及赋税原理》 76、 央行数据显示,截止 2009 年 6 月底,我国外汇储备突破 2 万亿美元大关,达到 21316 亿美元。我国的 外汇是指__________。 A.以美元表示的用于国际结算的支付手段 B.以外币表示的用于国际结算的支付手段 C.能兑换成美元的人民币支付手段 D.能兑换成外币的人民币支付手段 77、 2009 年 4 月 1 日,中法两国外交部发布《中法新闻公报》 ,重申坚持一个中国的政策,坚持西藏是中国 领土不可分割的一部分,本着这一精神,并根据________原则,法国将拒绝任何形式的“西藏独立” 。 A.尊重主权和领土完整 B.互不干涉内政 C.平等互利 D.和平共处 78、 应美国国会议长佩洛西的邀请,全国人大常委会委员长吴邦国于 2009 年 9 月 6 日开始对美国进行正式 友好访问。下列关于全国人大常委会的描述正确的是_________。 ①它是全国人大的最高领导机关 ②他是全国人大的常设机关 ③它领导全国人大开展日常工作 ④它从属于全国人大 A.①③ B.②③ C.②④ D.③④ 79、 “玉不遇砥砺,不可以成器,人不遇困穷挫辱,不可以成德。 ”这句话包含了深刻的哲学道理,下列语 句中蕴含与之相同哲理的是___________。 A.水滴石穿,铁杵成针 B.不塞不流,不行不止 C.问渠哪得清如许,为有源头活水来 D.威武不能屈,富贵不能淫 80、 “真理常常在少数人手中。 ”这句话表明____________。 A.真理是客观的,不以人的意志为转移 B.真理是主观的,可以被人的意识所反映 C.真理是发展的,随着时间的推移而变化 D.真理是主观的又是客观的,人们可以掌握真理 81、甲骨文字的研究,从清末开始,逐渐形成一种专门的学问,叫做甲骨学。_____考订出殷商先公先王,并将 甲骨中的商王世系与《史记》互相对照,解决了商王世系的问题。 A.罗振玉 B.王国维 C.郭沫若 D.梁启超 82、 《战国策》是战国时期的史料汇编。在诸国割据称雄的战国时期,各国统治者竞相养士, 《战国策》主要存录 _____的言论。 A.法家 B.阴阳家 C.纵横家 D.儒家 83、隋唐时期的三省六部制与欧洲启蒙运动的三权分立原则相似之处在于______。 A.加强中央对地方的控制 B.强化君主的统治权利

C.具有分权与制衡的特点 D.形成严密的官僚机构体系 84、照通常的看法, 《四洲志》《海国四说》《瀛环志略》《海国图志》等书市中国士人认知世界所产生的最早 、 、 、 一批著述。其中《瀛环志略》的作者是______。 A.林则徐 B.夏燮 C.徐继畬 D.魏源 85、科举考试是一种通过分科考试选拔官员的制度,由隋炀帝开创,一直沿袭到清末,_______年废除科举考试, 对中国社会的影响深远。 A.1898 B.1900 C.1905 D.1912 86、 《百科全书》全名为《百科全书,或科学、艺术和工艺详解词典》 ,是法国 18 世纪启蒙运动中产生的重要著 作,参加该书撰写的总共达 160 余人,由______担任主编。 A.伏尔泰 B.孟德斯鸠 C.赫尔巴赫 D.狄德罗 87、15 至 16 世纪时葡萄牙的全盛时代,在非、亚、美拥有大量殖民地,为海上强国。16 世纪葡萄牙垄断亚洲和 欧洲之间的海上贸易达一个世纪之久,主要凭借的是______。 A.庞大的商船 B.先进的炮舰 C.廉价的商品 D.广阔的殖民地 88、二战结束后,建立雅尔塔体系的基础是___________。 A.苏美势力处于均势 B.美国成为