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高一英语第二学期期末综合练习


高一英语第二学期期末综合练习( 高一英语第二学期期末综合练习(一) 第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节, 第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 50 分) 单项填空( 小题; 第一节 单项填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 、 、 、 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. You should talk with him _____. A. when it necessary B. when is necessary C. when necessary D. when is it necessary 2. Whether we will go swimming or not _____ the weather. A. refers to B. decides on C. depends on D. agrees with 3. When he was away from home, he always _____ his parents in mind. A. had B. made C. set D. got 4. I’ll _____ him by phone at any moment. So don’t worry about his safety. A. call B. talk C. reach D. need 5. The valuable vase _____ the Ming Dynasty. A. dates back to B. dated from C. dated back to D. is dated from 6.This kind of medicine is _____ water and sugar. A. most B. almost C. mostly D. at most 7. _____ was in 1996 _____ I graduated from the university. A. That; that B. It; that C. That; when D. It; when 8. These wet clothes should _____ to dry. A. hanged up B. be hanged up C. hang up D. be hung up 9. He got a job in the company, which _____ a wage of 150 dollars a week. A. brought about B. brought in C. brought out D. brought up 10._____, we plant young trees, and they grow taller _____. A. Year by year; year after year B. Year after year; year by year C. Year by year; year by year D. Year after year; year after year 11. Was it _____ Tom’s carelessness _____ your keys were all lost? A. because; which B. for; what C. because of; that D. since; why 12. Nobody enjoys _____. A. making fun of B. being made fun of C. to be made fun of D. to make fun 13. Tom, as well as his friends who _____ football games, _____ traveled with the team. A. likes; has B. like; have C. like; has D. likes; have 14. The old man appreciated _____ so well. A. being treated B. to be treated C. treating D. to treat 15. On hearing the sound, the birds flew away in every _____.
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A. direction B. side C. place D. way 16. I was wondering where to go at the crossing when a kind old lady _____ help. A. offers to B. asked me for C. offered me for D. offered me 17. The boy picked _____ a wallet when the bus stopped to pick _____ the passenger. A. up; at B. up; on C. up; up D. out; on 18. He knocked me _____ my bike and _____ me lying on the ground. A. off; left B. down; left C. off; let D. out of; kept 19. It is _____ to play with children. A. a great fun B. great funs C. many fun D. great fun 20. The cook _____ that the eggs _____ on the table was _____ by him. A. lied; laid; lay B. lied; lying; laid C. lay; laid; laying D. lay; lying; laid

完形填空( 小题; 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文, 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 、 、 、 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 After the birth of my second child, I god a job at a restaurant. Having worked with an experienced 1 for a few days. I was 2 to wait tables on my own. All went 3 that first week. When Saturday night came. I was luckily 4 the tables not far from the kitchen. 5 , I still felt it a little hard to carry the heavy trays(托盘). Before I knew it, the 6 was full of people. I moved slowly, 7 every step. I remember how 8 I was when I saw the tray stand near the tables: it looked different from the one I was 9 on. It had nice handles(手柄), which made it 10 to move around. I was pleased with everything and began to 11 I was a natural at this job. Then,an old man came to me and said, “Excuse me, dear, my wife and I loved 12 you work. It seems your tray stand has been very 13 to you, but we ate getting ready to 14 now, and my wife needs her 15 hack.” At first his 16 did not get across. “What was he talking about?” Then, I got it. I had set my trays on his wife’s orthopedic walker(助步器). I stood frozen as ice, but my face was 17 . I wanted to get into a hole and 18 . Since then, I have learned from many mistakes such as the one I just 19 . I have learned to be more 20 and not to be too sure of myself. 21.A.manager B.assistant C.cook D.waitress 22.A.promised B.invited C.allowed D.advised 23.A.well B.quickly C.safely D.wrong 24.A.left B.given C.brought D.shown 25.A.Therefore B.However C.Otherwise D.Finally 26.A.kitchen B.street C.restaurant D.table 27.A.minding B.changing C.taking D.saving 28.A.angry B.calm C.sad D.happy 29.A.fixed B.trained C.loaded D.waited 30.A.slower B.lighter C.quieter D.easier 31.A.believe B.agree C.regret D.pretend 32.A.letting B.making C.watching D.having 33.A.useful B.familiar C.unusual D.interesting 34.A.rest B.order C.eat D.leave 35.A.bag B.walker C.tray D.coat 36.A.idea B.praise C.message D.need
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37.A.cold 38.A.lie 39.A.repeated 40.A.careful

B.full of joy B.hide B.discovered B.patient

C.pale C.defend C.corrected C.honest

D.on fire D.stay D.described D.practical

第二部分:阅读理解( 小题; 第二部分:阅读理解(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
阅读下列短文, 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 、 、 、 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A I was the last person to get on the plane. I found my seat and discovered that I was sitting next to a four-year-old boy who had a cold. I sat down and wondered if anything else could go wrong. I hate flying, especially take-off, but the plane took off and everything seemed to be all right. Then, a few minutes later, there was a funny noise and everything started to shake. I looked out of the window and—oh, my God—there was smoke coming out of the wing. All I could think was “The engine is on fire. We’re going to crash. I’m too young to die.” Almost immediately, the captain spoke to us in a very calm voice, “Ladies and gentlemen, this is your captain speaking. We are having a slight technical problem with one of our engines. There is absolutely no need to panic (be afraid). We still have to return to the airport. Please remain seated and keep your seat belts fastened.” Well, you can imagine how frightened I was, but the crew were fantastic. The flight attendants were really calm and told us not to worry. One of them told me to relax and said that everything would be all right. A few minutes later, we were coming into land. The pilot made a perfect landing on the runway. It was over. We were safe. That day, I decided not to fly again. I caught another taxi and went home. But as I closed the front door, I looked down at my case. Somehow I had picked up the wrong suitcase. 41. One reason why the writer doesn’t like traveling by air is that _____. A. he hates the take-off B. he feels unhappy to sit next to a child C. there is always a funny noise and smoke from the wing D. travelers have to hurry to catch their plane 42. How did the writer feel by saying “I’m too young to die.”? A. Surprised and afraid. B. Sorry and angry. C. Frightened and sad. D. Hurt and lost. 43. When the captain asked the passengers not to panic, he was trying to _____. A. make them calm B. make them seated C. tell them a lie D. tell them the truth 44. From the text we can infer that _____. A. the writer went to the airport by a taxi B. the airline didn’t care for the passengers C. the crew were careless with their plane D. the story happened on a summer morning 45. What is the writer tying to tell us with the story? A. Before we set out for a trip we should get everything ready. B. Make sure you take your own things when you get off a train or a plane. C. It was his terrible experience and he would never travel by air again. D. He was thankful to have escaped from a crash. B One day an ordinary dog appeared in the ticket office at Campiglia, a busy railroad station on Italy’s main line. A ticket agent named Elvio greeted the strange dog in a friendly way, so the dog decided to stay. From that day on, the dog
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became Elvio’s shadow and was named Lampo. Lampo kept Elvio’s company inside the ticket office. When the weather was warm, he would enjoy himself in the sun on the train platform. When it came time of Elvio to return home on the train at night, Lampo ran after the train for a long way and then sadly gave up and went back to the station. One night as Elvio was riding home on the train, he noticed that Lampo was lying at his feet. Afraid that the conductor would see the dog on the train and shout at him, Elvio pushed Lampo under a seat. Luckily, the conductor did not notice the dog. Lampo came home with Elvio and met his family. Then, after a short visit, Lampo boarded the last train and went back to the station. Lampo quickly learned all of the train schedules. He would ride home from work with Elvio every night and then ride back to the station alone. Every morning, Lampo arrived at Elvio’ house in time to walk s his young daughter, Mivna, to school. The faithful dog would then take another train to Campiglia to spend time with his master, then travel again to accompany Mivna home from school at 11:30. Soon, Lampo began to take the trains all over Italy. Lampo became famous among the men who worked on the railroad, as his journeys became more frequent, complicated and mysterious. No one could explain why he traveled or how he always found the right train back to Campiglia. People decided that Lampo was a unique dog. Some of the railroad officials were against Lampo’s illegal travels. They were afraid he would bite a passenger or cause some other problems. Finally, the station master threatened to call the dogcatcher if Elvio didn’t get rid of the dog. Elvio decided to put Lampo on a train going as far away as possible. Months went by and Lampo did not come back. Mivna missed him very much and prayed for his return. Finally one day, a sad, very thin, tired Lampo returned to Elvio’ s office. Everyone, even the stationmaster, was sorry about what had happened. From then on, Lampo was allowed to ride the trains wherever he wanted. After seven years, Lampo grew old, and he began to need Elvio’s help to board the train. One day Lampo was seen lying dead on the tracks. A year later, a life-sized statue of Lampo was set up at Campiglia station. 46. The first time Lampo took the train, Elvio was _____. A. delighted that he was lucky B. afraid the dog would bite someone C. afraid the conductor would see him and be angry D. excited that Lampo would soon meet his family 47. Lampo’s traveling all over Italy caused people to believe that _____. A. he could read the train schedules B. he was famous in the country C. Elvio secretly helped him D. he was a very special dog 48. The stationmaster threatened that if Elvio didn’t get rid of the dog, _____. A. Elvio would be fired B. Lampo would be put on the train tracks C. the stationmaster would send him away D. A dogcatcher would be called 49. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the story? A. The dog was once sent away by Elvio. B. The dog finally won the stationmaster’s heart. C. The dog was faithful to his master. D. The dog died when he was seven years old. 50. The author suggests that a statue of Lampo was set up because _____. A. the stationmaster felt sorry about what had happened B. he had been a friend to travelers C. it would bring good luck to the town D. Elvio offered money to set up the statue
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第三部分:单句改错( 小题; 第三部分:单句改错(共 10 小题;每题 1 分,共 10 分)
下列每个句子只有一处错误,请根据句意找出错误,并加以改正。 下列每个句子只有一处错误,请根据句意找出错误,并加以改正。 多一词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写上该词,并也用斜线划掉。 缺一词:在缺词处加一个漏字符(∧),在该行右边横线上写上该加的词。 错一词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 51. The minister came with a message which the clothes would soon be ready. 52. Dr. White, together with his two daughters, are going to China. 53. The doctor wanted to make them clear to everybody that all the patients must have their temperature taken three times a day. 54. It was May 1st that she came here last time. 55. Two miles further up the road stands two houses. 56. The soldiers were advancing forward towards the battle field. 57. The whole class is talking about the exciting news. 58. The girl died an hour later. She should have sent to the hospital without delay. 59. The man hit the thief hardly on the nose. 60. Someone always lets the door opened.

第四部分:单词拼写( 小题: 第四部分:单词拼写(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
根据中文注释及所给单词首字母,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。 根据中文注释及所给单词首字母,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。 61. She has little in c_____ with her sister though they are twins. 62. The astronauts soon got used to the c_____ of weightlessness. 63. Lucy took the old man’s arm and gently g_____ him to his chair. 64. Mike’s always getting lost because of his terrible sense of d_____. 65. When I answered the phone there was dead s_____. 66. The book is __(为……而准备) for young adults in their first year of learning English. 67. We need something that will _____(给……带来乐趣) a ten-year-old for an afternoon. 68. _____ (不幸),Louise is leaving the company. 69. Applicants for the job must have at least three years of _____(实际) experience. 70. He can always find a useful _____(方法) for dealing with difficult customers.

第五部分:翻译句子( 小题; 第五部分:翻译句子(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分)
71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 如果这个计划行不通,我们再想想别的办法。(work) 听说他要走了,我感到很惊讶。 (用 it 作形式主语) 她对英语逐渐产生了兴趣。 (develop) 就在这块可耕地(arable land)上,农民们生产了可供全中国人口的粮食。(用强调结构) 有几个男孩子在我的窗户底下又喊又叫,弄得我无法入睡。(用-ing 形式)

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答案: 答案:
1—5 CCACA 16—20 DCADB 31—35 CADBC 46—50 CDDDB 6—10 CBDBB 21—25 DCABB 36—40 CDBDA 11—15 CBCAA 26—30 CADBD 41—45 ACAAC

51. which—that 52. are—is 53. them—it 54. that—when; May—on May 55. stands—stand 56. advancing forward—advancing 57. is—are 58. have sent—have been sent 59. hardly—hard 60. opened—open 61. common 62. condition 63. guided 64. direction 65. silence 66. intended 67. amuse 68. Unfortunately 69. practical 70. technique 71. If this plan doesn’t work, we’ll think of something else. 72. It surprised me to hear he was leaving. 73. She has developed an interest in learning English. 74. It is on this arable land that the farmers produce food for the whole population of China. 75. There are some boys shouting and crying under my window, so I could not fall asleep.

重点解析: 重点解析:
1. when necessary 此处是省略形式,完整的是:when it is necessary。在 if / when / whether + it is necessary, possible, convenient, important, applicable 等结构时,则省去 "it is", 只保留 necessary, possible, convenient, important, applicable 等,这是习惯,例如:Take the medicine when necessary. 注意:英语中一般不能说:you are necessary / convenient / possible/ important 等。 4. 有题意可知, “我会随时和他通话。 排除 B 和 D 项。 ” 而有些同学会误选 A。 大要注意 call sb.本身就是 “给 某人打电话” 的意思, 后面有 by phone 属于赘述, 所以排除 A。 reach 的含义很丰富。 而 抵达, 达[触]到; 扩展(到), 延伸,伸出;影响,对……起作用;递给, 交给;和……取得联系;得到,获得;总计达到。例如:Please reach her by telephone. 请用电话与她联系。 5. date from= date back to 固定搭配, “起源于,追溯到”的意思。没有过去式,没有被动语态。故选 A。 7. 强调句。去掉 It was…that…,调整语序剩下的内容还可以组成一句话 I graduated from the university in 1996。 8. 考查 hung 的不同含义及相对应的过去式和过去分词。 hang (垂下, 悬挂), hung, hung; hang (绞死) , hanged, hanged。根据语境, “这些湿衣服应该被挂起来晾干” 。用动词的被动语态。故选 D。 10. year after year 的意思是年复一年,强调“无变化” ;year by year 侧重有变化。 例如:The flowers remain the same year after year while people change year by year. 年年岁岁花相似,岁岁年年 人不同。 16. 此题要特别关注句意,根据一般逻辑和句中 kind 一词,用 offer me help 更好。 17. pick up 含义丰富。此处考查的是“拾起”和“中途接人”的含义。除此之外还有“收拾;学到;获得; 与......偶然结识;找到;使恢复精神;振作;恢复健康等;加快速度”等含义。pick on 嘲笑,欺侮; pick at 食 不下咽。pick out 挑选,选出;分辨。 19. fun 是不可数名词。 20. 此题要特别关注这几个动词的意思及变化规则。此句的意思是:这个厨师撒谎道: (位于)桌上的鸡蛋 是他放的。
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21-40 [语篇解读] 本文是一篇记叙文。作者为我们叙述了在饭店打工时所遇到的一件尴尬事。通过对本文的描述, 作者告诉了我们一个人生哲理——做事应该细心,不能过于自信。 21. D 由下旬可知: “我”首先和一位有经验的服务员一起工作了几天。由下文可知作者是一位服务 员,而不是厨师,所以排除 C。 22. C 由常识可知:在饭店打工需要得到老板的许可才能做事,故选 C。 23. A 由上下文信息可知此处强调一切进展顺利,go well 进展顺利。此句也是对下文不愉快的事情作 铺垫。 24. B 本句句意: “我”幸运地被分了几张离厨房不太远的桌子。(was) left 被留下;(was) brought 被带来;was shown(被)展示,不符合句意要求。 25. B 由上句中的 luckily 以及下句 I still felt a little hard to carry the heavy trays(托盘)可 推断出此处是转折关系。however 然而,therefore 所以;otherwise 否则,要不然。 26. C “我”是在一家饭店工作,所以挤满人的地方应该是“饭店”(restaurant),而不是“厨房” (kitchen)。before I knew it 不知不觉地。 27. A 由上句可知饭店里人很多,所以“我”在小心翼翼地走着。 28. D 从下文对 the tray stand 的描述可知,当“我”看到 the tray stand 时,内心是高兴的。 29. B 本句句意:它看起来与“我”训练时所用的那个托盘不一样。I was trained on 是定语从句,修 饰 the one。one 替代名词 the tray stand。fix 固定,安装,修理;load 装载。 30. D 由上句 It had nice handles(手柄)可知,此处强调移动方便。 31. A 本句句意: “我”所做的一切工作很顺利并且开始认为自己天生就是适合干这种工作的人。此处 表达“我”对自己的一种主观判断,同时也和最后一句中的 not to be too sure of myself 相呼 应。 32. C 由下文信息可知,an old man 应该是本饭店的一位客人,所以没有权利“使(让)……”我工 作。watch 观看。 33. A 由第二段的描述可知,the tray stand 对“我”是“有用的” (useful) 。由上句可了解到,老 人和妻子一直在观看着“我”的一举一动。 34. D 由上下文信息及本句的 but 可知:老人打算离开。而不是 rest 休息;order 命令;eat 吃饭。 35. B 由下面一段第四句话 I had set my trays on his wife’s orthopedic walker(助步器)可得 出答案为 B。 36. C 本句句意:首先我没明白他的意思。get across 被传达,被理解。message(书面或口头的)信 息,消息,口信;idea 主意,想法,观念。此处是信息的传达、理解。而不是所想出的办法。 故选 C。 37. D 由上句 I stood frozen as ice 及本句中的 but 可推断出,此时“我”的脸红了,on fire 火辣辣 的。 38. B 由本句中的 get into a hole 可知“我”无地自容,所以想找地方藏起来。 39. D 本句是一个概括性的句子,描述了“我”在饭店遇到的一件尴尬事。describe 描述,描写。 correct 改正,纠正;discover 发现;repeat 重复。 40. A 由于自己的粗心大意, “我”犯了一个错误,由此“我”意识到以后做事要小心谨慎,不再过于 自信。 51. 这是一个由 that 引导的同位语从句,不可使用 which。 52. 此句的主语是 Dr. White,所以谓语动词用单数。 53. 此处 it 是形式宾语,不可用 them。 54. 如果把 that 改成 when,就是定语从句;如果在 May 前加 on,就是强调结构。 55. 此句的主语是 two houses。这是一个倒装句。 56. Advance 本身就有 forward 的意思,所以重复了。 57. 此处的 the whole class 指的是全班学生,谓语用复数。
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58. 根据句子的意思,应该用被动语态。 59. hardly 的意思是“几乎不” ,意思不合适。 60. open 此处是形容词,表状态

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