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反意疑问句特例



反意疑问句特例

1、在 there be 句型中,不需要根据前面主语提问,而 用 be there。be 的形式要与前面陈述部分一致。例如: There are no more problems about it, are there? 2、如果陈述部分的主语为 everyone, someone, anyone, no one 等表示“人”的不定代词时,其

疑问尾句的主语多用 they,也可用 he,动词也相应地用复数形式或单三形式。例 如: Everyone knows their job, don’t they? Everyone knows his job, doesn’t he? 3、若主语为指“物”的不定代词 everything, nothing, something 等时,则其后的疑问尾句主语用 it。例如: Everything goes very well, doesn’t it? 4、当陈述句的主语由 neither…nor 或 both…and 连接 时,疑问尾句要用相应的复数形式。例如: Neither you nor I am going on holiday, are we? 5、不定代词 one 作主语,指“人”时,疑问尾句常用 one,有时也用 you,表示泛指(在美国英语中还可用 he) 。 例如: One can’t be too careful, can one (you/he)? 6、 当陈述句中的主语是不定式 (短语) 动名词 、 (短语) 、

词组或从句时,疑问尾句的主语要用 it。例如: To drive cars is not easy, is it? Seeing is believing, isn’t it? From Beijing to Shanghai is a long way, isn’t it? That you are leaving soon is true, isn’t it? 7、当主语 I 接谓语动词 am 时,表否定的疑问尾句中常 用 aren’t I。例如: I am your friend, aren’t I? 8、如陈述部分的谓语动词为 have to 或 had to 时,其 疑问尾句的谓语动词常用 do 的适当形式。例如: We have to get up at four every day, don’t we? They had to leave early, didn’t they? 9、陈述部分的谓语动词为 used to 时,其疑问尾句的谓 语动词可用两种形式。例如: He used to live in London, usedn’t he/didn’t he? 10、当陈述部分的动词用 dare, need,或 have 时,若 它们为实义动词, 疑问尾句的动词用 do 的适当形式; dare, 若 need 为情态动词、 have 为助动词时, 疑问尾句用 dare, need 或 have 构成。例如: We need to do it, don’t we? You daren’t go there, dare you? Tom has just bought a new book, hasn’t he?

Sarah had her washing machine repaired the day before yesterday, didn’t she? 11、 若陈述部分含有情态动词 must 的句子表示推测, 作 “想必”解时,疑问尾句要根据 must 所表示的时态来确定, 不能用 mustn’t。 (1)对现在情况的推测。例如: You must be tired, aren’t you? (2) 当陈述句的谓语动词为 “must have+过去分词” 时, 若尾句强调对过去事情的推测(常带有过去时间) ,疑问尾 句的谓语动词用过去时“didn’t+主语”结构;若强调动作 完成,疑问尾句的谓语动词用“haven’t/hasn’t+主语” 结构。例如: He must have met her yesterday, didn’t he? You must have seen the film, haven’t you? 12、若 must 表示“有必要”时,疑问尾句用 needn’t。 例如: You must go home right now, needn’t you? 若 mustn’t 表示禁止时,疑问尾句用 must。例如: You mustn’t walk on grass, must you? 13、如果陈述部分含有 no, never, hardly, seldom, few, little, nowhere, nothing 等否定或半否定词时,疑问尾句 用肯定形式。例如:

He hardly knows French, does he? He never said that he was good at mathematics, did he? 14. 陈述部分如果是“I’m (not) sure…/ I (don’t) think/believe/suppose/expect (能构成否定转移) +(that) 宾语从句”结构时,疑问尾句的动词和主语应和宾语从句中 的动词和主语保持一致。而肯定还是否定则要与主句中的 “I (don’t) think”相反。例如: I don’t think he can finish the work, can he? I’m sure you’d rather she went to school by bus, wouldn’t you? 如主句的主语不是第一人称代词或与其它动词连用时, 疑问尾句的动词和主语应和主句中的动词和主语保持一致。 例如: Mrs. Black doesn’t believe her son is able to design a digital camera, does she? 15、It’s a fine day. Let’s go fishing, shall we? Let’s go fishing 是一个祈使句,Let’s…中的“us (咱们) ”包括听话者“you” ,疑问尾句应该用 shall we? 但 是如果时 Let us…, 这时的“us(我们) ”不包括“you” , 疑问尾句中则应该用“will you?” 。例如: Let us know your new address, will you?

16、陈述部分为祈使句的反意疑问句,即“祈使句+疑问 尾句”其实并不表示“反意”和“疑问” 而是表示“邀请” , 或“请求” 。例如: Don’t smoke in the meeting room, will you? Be sure to write to us, will you? 17、疑问尾句有时可用 eh? right? am I right? don’ t you think so? is that so? 例如: She didn’t pass the exam, eh? They forgot to attend the lecture, am I right? 18、反意疑问句中陈述部分谓语出现否定前(后)缀时, 疑问尾句仍用否定结构。例如: He is unhappy, isn’t he? She is unfit for her office, isn’t she?

反意疑问句特例练习题

将下列句子加上疑问尾句,使其成为反意疑问句。 1. Brian told you that there wasn’t anyone in the room at that time, didn’t he? 2. One can’t work all the time, can one? 3. I don’t think she is right,is she? 4. I am late,aren’t I? 5. You must work hard next term,needn’t you? 6. You must have heard the news last night,didn’ t you? 7. You must have lived here for a long time,haven’ t you? 8. We ought to go there,oughn’t we? 9. He used to smoke 40 cigarettes a day,usedn’t you? 10. We’d better stay here,hadn’t we? 11. You’d rather leave,won’t you? 12. She seldom goes to the cinema,doesn’t he? 13. Let’s stop here,shall we? 14. He disagrees with us,doesn’t he? 15. He had a good time last night,didn’t he?



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