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1.(安徽卷27).It was from only a few supplies that she had bought in the village the hostess cooked such a nice dinner. A. where B. that C. when D. which 2.(湖南卷25). John’s success h

as nothing to do with good luck. It is years of hard work _________ has made him what he is today. A. why B. when C. when D. that 3.(江苏卷33). ---Is everyone here? ---Not yet. Look, there_______ the rest of our guests! A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming

4.(江西卷33). Not until he left his home know how important the family was for him. A. did he begin B. had he begun C. he began D. he has began
5.(陕西卷17). John opened the door. There _____ he had never seen before. A. a girl did stand B. a girl stood C. did a girl stand D. stood a girl


? 6.(四川卷19). If you have a job, yourself to it and finally you’ll succeed. A. do devote B. don't devote C. devoting D. not devoting ? 7.(重庆卷33). At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and Jialing River , one of the largest cities in China. A. lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies C. does lie Chongqing D. does Chongqing lie


1.强调句一般可强调主语,宾语,状语等。 It 本身没词义,只起引导作用。 2.引导词that/who/whom, 3.be: is/ was

It is(was)+被强调部分+that(who)+其余部分 I saw Kate in the park last week. It was I that/who saw Kate in the park last week. It was Kate that/who/whom I saw in the park last we It was in the park that I saw Kate last week. It was last week that I saw Kate in the park.

注 意
It was Tom ( who(that) ) I met last week. It is a new book( that ) his brother wants to buy.

? 1.当被强调部分指人时,可用that,也可用who; 指物时,只用that


It is at 5 o'clock( that(不用when) )the train will arrive. It was in the park ( that (不用where ) ) I saw Kate last week.

注 意

3.被强调的部分是主语时,注意句子的谓语动词和被强调 的主语保持一致。如: is It is he who _____ late. are It is they that _____ late. 4.一般疑问句的强调句为“Is (was) it +强调部分+ that…? 特殊疑问句为:“特殊疑问词+ is (was) it +that…?”结 构。如: He will leave for Hong Kong at 7:00 .

It is at 7:00 that he will leave for Hong Kong Is it at 7:00 that he will leave for Hong Kong When is it that he will leave for Hong Kong.

注 意
5. “not…until…”句型的强调结构为“It is/was not until…that…”如: I didn't finish my homework until 5:00 It was not until 5:00 that I finished my homework.

Not until he graduated from high school did he realize his mistakes.


We didn't recognize she was a super star until she took off the black glasses.
It was not until she took off the black glasses that we recognized she was a super star. Not until she took off the black glasses did we recognize she was a super star.

注 意
6.区分定语从句和强调句型某些定语从句和强调句型形式 差不多,容易混淆。如果去掉it is /was that句子仍然 通顺成立,则为强调句型,不成立不通顺,则为定语从 句。比较: that It was at six o’clock_______ he got home. It was six o’clock________ he got home. when At six o’clock he got home. (√ ) Six o’clock he got home. (×)

It was in the evening that the soldiers arrived at the small village. 强调句 It was evening when the soldiers arrived at the small village. When引导的时间状语从句, It表示时间

1.It be …that..句型不能强调谓语部分,若要 强调谓语,则须在谓语动词原形前面加上助动词 do,did,does

I really like you ,and I do hope everyone has a promising future.
2.用副词强调 really,still,even It was hot yesterday,but it is even hotter today.

He told us an old story over and over again. 4.用倒装表示强调 Only in this way can he solve the problem. 5.一些含有强调意味的短语on earth, at all. in the world. What on earth do you want to do?

He didn't care about it at all.

历届高考题 1.It is the ability to do the job __matters, not where you come from or what you are. A. one B. that C. what D. it

2.It was only when I reread his poems recently _I began to appreciate their beauty. A.until B. that C. then D. so

3.It was about 600 years ago __ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made A. that B.until C.before D.when

4.It was because of bad weather___the football match had to be put off. A.so B.so that C.why D.that

1It was not until 1936___baseball became a regular part of Olympic Games. A.then B.which C.that D.when 2.___in 1943___the harmful smog made its appearance in Los Angeles. A.Only/that B.It was/then C.That it was/when D.It was/that 3.It was on the National Day___she met with her separated sister. A.that B.when C.where D.which

4.Was it during the Second War __he died? A. that B.while C. in which D. then
5.Who __ helped you work out the math problem? A.was he B.it was who C. Was it that D. it was

6.It was not until 1956___ liberated. A.that the town was B. did the town C. was the town D. that was the town

7___in this room that our first meeting was held. A.Just when B.When C.Where D.It was 8.It is near the place ___there is a bomb____ we found the dead man. A.where/where B. where/that C.that/where D.that/that 9. It was Mike and Peter who____the reading room this time yesterday. A.are cleaning B.were cleaning C.cleaned D.cleans

10.It is the room____ we will have the meeting. A.that B.which C.where D.there 11.It is I who ____ watching TV . A. is B. am C. are D. being 12.It___ the Chinese people that ___hardworking. A.was/was B.is/are C.is/is D.are/are 13.It was midnight ____ he arrived home. A. that B.when C.which D.at which

14.It was not until she had arrived home ___ her appointment with the doctor. A.did she remember B.that she remembered C.when she remembered D.had she remembered
15.Where was it ___ the road accident happened yesterday? A.when B. that C. Which D. how

16.It was for this reason ___ her uncle moved out of London and settled down in a small village. A.which B. why C. that D. how
17.Was it at the school ___ was named hero ___ he spent his childhood. A.that;that B. which; that C. where;that D. that ; which

1. 在以here、there、now、then、 off、away等副词开头的句子里。 2. 表地点方位的介词短语位于句时。


倒 装

1、Only+状语位于句首时 2、否定副词位于句首时 3、在省去if的虚拟条件从句中。 4、So\ Neither\ Nor 位于句首时 5、as引导的让步状语从句 6、特殊句式

1. 在以here、there、now、then、off、 away等副词开头的句子里。 (1) The birds flew away. Away flew the birds. (2) The rain came down. Down came the rain.

2. 表示地点的介词短语位于句首时。
(1)山脚下有一个美丽的湖。 At the foot of the hill lies a beautiful lake. (2)教室外面站着一个男孩。 Outside the classroom stood a boy.

代词,则主、谓不需要倒装。 In he came and back he went again.

3.such和be连用作表语时,也常用倒装语序, 如:
1. Such was not his intention.
2. Such are the facts. The weather was such (=so hot) that I could not go out.



“What’s up, Tom?” asked Mother.
“The car is mine,” said Tom.

注意:主语是代词时,不倒装。 “The car is mine,” he said. 5.为了平衡句子结构的需要,或为了强调状语(常为介词 短语),或为了使上下文紧密衔接时,将状语提前 (全部倒装)

1)They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of which sat
a small boy. 2)Nearby were the canoes in which they had come to the island.

6.主语太长,表语太短,为了平衡句子结构的 需要,将表语提前。 (全部倒装)
1. Inside the pyramid are the burial rooms for the kings and queens. 2. Gone are the days when we are enslaved. 3. Present at the meeting are ten famous writers.
4. Among the children was an old man.

高考真题再现: B 1、Just in front of our house ____ with a history of 1000 years. (2006上海春季,34)

A. does a tall tree stand

B. stands a tall tree.

C. a tall tree is standing D. a tall tree stands

2、Look over there. ______!(2007年安徽,22) A
A. Around the corner is walking a policeman.

B. Around the corner is a policeman walking.
C. Around the corner a policeman is walking.

D. Around the corner policemen are walking.

1. Only+状语位于句首时 (1)He only found it important to get along with others then. Only then did he find it important to get along with others. (2)We can only make great progress in this way. Only in this way can we make great progress.

注意: ⑴当only引导的短语做主语时,主、谓 则不发生任何倒装。
只有五个学生能回答这个问题。 Only five students can answer this question. 注意:⑵only用于强调句中,不要倒装。 Only when one is away from home does he realize how nice home is. It is only when one is away from home that he realizes how nice home is.


(1)Only then ____ how much damage had C been caused.(2006 陕西,16)
A. had she realized C. did she realize B. she realized D. she had realized

(2) Only after my friend came ______.(2005福 C 建,32) A. did the computer repair

B. he repaired the computer
C. was the computer repaired

D. the computer was repaire

2. 否定副词及短语位于句首时。

高考常考的这类词或词语有:not, seldom,
hardly, little, nowhere, by no means, in no

time等 。

I have never seen such a beautiful place. Never have I seen such a beautiful place.

高考真题再现: 1. I’ve tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means _____ with my progress. D (2006年重庆,24) A. the teacher is not satisfied B. is the teacher not satisfied C. the teacher is satisfied D. is the teacher satisfied 2、Maybe you have been to many countries, A but nowhere else ___ such a beautiful palace.(2004年辽宁, 26) A. can you find B. you could find C. you can find D. could you find

3. 在省略if的虚拟条件从句中。 (1)如果我是你,我会努力学习。 Were I you, I would work hard. (2)如果明天下雨的话,我们就延迟会议。 Should it rain tomorrow, we would put off our meeting. (3)假如他听从了我的建议,他早就 成功了。 Had he followed my advice, he would have succeeded.

If it were not for his teacher’s help, he would never graduate from this high school. Were it not for his teacher’s help, he would never graduate from this high school.

注意:我们可以说Were it not...或者 Had it not been..., 但不可以说Weren’ t it... 或者hadn’t it been...

4、so\ neither\ nor 位于句首的情况。 (1)So + 助动词 +主语 …也一样。 So + 主语 + 助动词 …确实如此。 高考真题再现: --Father, you promised. D -- Well, _______. But it was you who didn’t keep your word first. (2005年湖北, 34)

A. so was I
C. so I was.

B. so did I
D. so I did


(2)Neither 和 Nor 用于否定句,表示“ 也不, 也没有”。 Neither\ Nor +助动词+主语 高考真题再现:

(1) --I would never come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible.
B --______! (2004全国卷,32) A. Nor am I B. Neither would I

C. Same with me

D. So do I



1、I wonder if your wife will go to the ball. If A your wife _____, so _____ mine. A. does , will
C. will, would

B. will, does
D. does, do

2、--I seldom watch TV, but listen to the radio a lot. -- _____. So it is the same with me. D
A. So do I B. Neither do I

C. So I have

D. So it is with me.

(1)我很丑,可是我很温柔。 Ugly as I am, I am gentle.

(2)尽管他是一个孩子,他不得不谋生。 Child as he is, he has to make a living.

注意:从句的表语是名词,其名词前不加任何 冠词

6、特殊倒装句型: (1)not only … but also… 句式的倒装 他不仅对足球感兴趣,而且踢得很好。 He is not only interested in football but also he plays it well.

Not only is he interested in football but also he plays it well.


(2)在“so + adj./adv. + that…”句式中,将“so + adj./adv. ”放在句首时的倒装。 他学习是如此的努力以致于他在英语上取得了很 大的进步。 He works so hard that he has made great progress in English.

So hard does he work that he has made great progress in English.


(3)not until 引导的从句位于句首引起的倒装

He didn’t finish his homework until his mother came back. 主倒从不倒 Not until his mother came back did he finish his homework.

Exercises: 1.Not until all the fish died in the river_____ how serious the pollution was.
A.did the villagers realize B.the villagers realize C.the villagers did realize D.didn’t the villagers realize 2.It was not until 1920____ regular radio broadcasts began. A.while B.which C.that D.since

3.I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all my life_____ so happy.
A.did I feel B.I felt C.I had felt D.had I felt

4. — Why can't I smoke here? — At no time _______ in the meeting-room.
A. is smoking permitted B. smoking is permitted C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit

5.No sooner _______ than it began to rain heavily.
A. the game began B. has the game begun C. did the game begin D. had the game begun

6. — Do you know Tom bought a new car? — I don't know, _______.
A. nor don't I care C. I don't care neither B. nor do I care D. I don't care also

7._____ can you expect to get a pay rise.
A.With hard work B.Although work hard C.Only with hard work D.Now that he works hard

8.Now____ Sally’s turn to keep guard. A.there is B.is going C.has come D.comes 9.Not only_____ polluted but_____ crowded. A.was the city; were the streets B.the city was; were the streets C.was the city; the streets were D.the city was; the streets were

10.So___ that no fish can live in it. A.the lake is shallow B.shallow the lake is C.shallow is the lake D.is the lake shallow 11.Little_____ about his own safety, though he was in great danger himself. A.does he care B.did he care C.he cares D.he cared 12.Was it in 1969_____ the American astronaut succeeded ____ landing on the moon. A.when; on B.that; on C.when; in D.that; in

13.______ for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so often. A.If it is not B.Were it not C.Had it not been D.If they were not 14.---David has made great progress recently. ---_____, and______ .
A.So he has; so you have C.So has he; so have you B.So he has; so have you D.So has he; so you have

15.Here ____the good news for every man and every woman who ____in the town. A. is ; live B. is; lives C. are; live D. are; lives

S,NB前倒后不倒, O,NU主倒从不倒, 2N前倒后也倒, NM前后均不倒!

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