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2009高考英语阅读表达模拟训练(一)



2009 高考英语阅读表达模拟训练(一)
( 一)

阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求回答问题(请注意问题后的字数要求) 。 Help your child keep what he reads — a crucial skill, especially as he gets older and needs to gain important information from textbooks. Have him read aloud. This forces him to go slower, which gives him more time to process what he reads. Plus, he's not only seeing the words, he's hearing them, too. Provide the right kinds of books. Make sure your child gets lots of practice reading books that aren't too hard. He should recognize at least 90 percent of the words without any help. Stopping any more often than that to figure out a word makes it tough for him to focus on the overall meaning of the story. Reread to build fluency. To gain meaning from text, your child needs to read quickly and smoothly — a skill known as fluency. Rereading familiar, simple books gives your child practice at decoding words quickly, so he'll become more fluent. Talk to the teacher. If your child is struggling mightily with comprehension, he may need more help with his reading — for example, building his vocabulary or practicing phonics skills. Supplement class reading. If his class is studying a particular theme, look for easy-to-read books or magazines on the topic. Some prior knowledge will make his way through tougher classroom texts. Talk about what he's reading. This “verbal processing” helps him remember and think through the themes of the book. Ask questions before, _________________. For example:
? ? ?

Before: “What interests you in this book? What doesn't?” During: “What's going on in the book? Is it turning out the way you thought it would? “ After: “Can you summarize the book? What did you like about it?”

1.What is the best title of the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) ___________________________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? What has been learned in advance can assist him in understanding what he will learn in his lessons. _________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the third paragraph with proper word or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please

answer within 10 words.) _____________________________________________________________________________ 4. Which of the suggestions do you think is the most important? Why? (Please answer within 30 words.) _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph in Chinese. _____________________________________________________________________________

答案:

1. Ways to Improve Reading Comprehension 2. Some prior knowledge will help him get better prepared and make his way through tougher classroom texts. 3. during, and after a reading session 4. (略) 5. 如果他为了弄明白一个词的意思而更加频繁地停下来, 那么他就很难保证把精力集中在故事的整体 意义上了。

(二) People who drink a little, exercise, quit smoking and eat five servings of fruit and vegetables each day live on average 14 years longer than people who adopt none of these behaviors, researchers said on Tuesday . collection A of evidence has shown that these things contribute to healthier and longer lives, but the new study actually qualified their mixed effect, the British team said. “These results may provide further support for the idea that even small differences in lifestyle may make a big difference to health, ” the researchers wrote in the journal PLOS Medicine. Between 1993 and 1997 the researchers questioned 20,000 healthy British men and woman about their lifestyles. They also tested every participant’s blood to measure vitamin C intake. indicator 指标) how much an ( of fruit and vegetables people ate. Then they assigned the participants-aged 45-79 a score of between 0 and 4,giving one point for each of the healthy behaviors. After allowing for age and other factors that could affect the likelihood of dying. researchers the

found people with a score of 0 four times as likely to die. The researchers, who tracked deaths among the participants until 2006,also said a person with a health score of 0 had the same risk of dying as someone with score of 4 who was 14 years older. The lifestyle change with the biggest benefit was _____________________ ,which led to an 80 percent improvement in health.the study found.This was followed by eating fruits and vegetables.Drinking a little and keeping active brought the same benefits,.Kay-Tee Khaw at the University of Cambridge said.Do you have the four healthy living habits? 1.What is the best title of the passage?(within 10 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 2.Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one? It is well known that each living habit is good for health, now the study has made it clear how nice the four but habits cooperate. ____________________________________________________________________________ 3.Fill in the blank in the last paragraph with a proper sentences. (within 10 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 4.What should be encouraged according to the result of the research?(within 10 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 5.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 into Chinese. _______________________________________________________________________________

答案: 1.Four health changes can prolong life 14 years/ Four health habits are helpful to longer lives 2.A collection of evidences has shown that these things contribute to healthier and longer lives, but the new study actually quantified their mixed effect· 3.giving up smoking/quitting smoke 4.Developing a good living habit. 5.研究结果进一步证明,生活方式的微小变化会对人们的身体健康产生很大影响。

(三) Do you want to work with people or animals or machines or tools? Do you want to work indoors or outdoors, directly serve people in need or serve people behind the scenes? These are the typical questions that a volunteer service agency would ask. Every year, thousands and thousands of people in the west offer volunteer services. Volunteering greatly strengthens the community partly because it helps the old, the young, the weak, the sick, the disabled and the injured to overcome difficulties. Volunteers usually help in many different ways. The may give people advice, offer friendship to the young, drive the elderly to church, counsel kids against drugs. Work as an assistant in a school or nursing home, raise funds, plant trees, help out in local libraries and do many other things. Volunteering can be a few hours a week or a few hours a month, time during the day, evenings or weekends, either part time or full time. Anybody can become a volunteer.

The art of volunteering is a process of both giving and receiving. Volunteering allows volunteers to meet new people and make new friends and mix with people from all walks of life. Volunteering is an excellent way to experiment, practice and try out new techniques and skills. It is much more effective to practice a skill than to read about it or study it in a classroom. Volunteering is a great way to develop good teamwork skills, discover your individual talents and explore career choices. Being a volunteer takes individuals on a wonderful journey and helps them learn many important things beyond their school learning. 1.What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.)

2.Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Volunteer service can provide chances for volunteers to make acquaintance of all kinds of people.

3.Please fill in the blank in the fourth paragraph with proper words, phrases or sentence to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.)

4.What kind of volunteer jobs would you like to take ? why? (Please answer within 30 words.)

5.Translate the underlined sentence in the fifth paragraph into Chinese.

答案: 1.Volunteer Service in the West 2.Volunteering allow volunteers to meet new people and make new friends and mix with people from all walks life. 3.who is willing / likes to serve people in need 4.I like to help out in local libraries, because I like books very much. I’ll arrange them in a good order so that readers can easily find what they want 5.从事志愿者工作可以引导人走向一条理想的人生之路,学会从课堂中学不到的重要东西。



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