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高考英语反意疑问句讲解及练习



反意疑问句
一、概念 反义疑问句(The Disjunctive Question) 即附加疑问句,反意疑问句是疑 问句的一种,是对陈述句所说的事实或观点提出疑问,起证实作用,一般用于证 实说话者所说的事实或观点。 反意疑问句是由陈述句和附在其后的附加疑问句组 成。 结构有以下两种: 1.陈述部分肯定式+疑问部分否定式 2.陈述部分否定式+疑问部分肯定式 即:前肯后否,前否后肯。 反义疑问部分用助动词或情态动词或 be 动词+名词或代词(主格)。 如:They work hare, don’t they? She was ill yesterday, wasn’t she? You didn’t go, did you? He can’t ride a bike, can he? 二、反义疑问句的用法 1. 陈述部分主语是 I 的肯定形式时,疑问部分要用 aren’t I. 如:I’m as tall as your sister,aren’t I? 2. 陈述部分含有否定词或半否定词,以及含有由否定意义的词的反意疑问句 当陈述部分有 never, seldom, hardly, few, little, barely, scarcely, nothing, nobody 等否定词或半否定词时,反意疑问部分用肯定形式。否定前缀不能视为 否定词,其反意疑问句仍用否定形式。 如: There are few apples in the basket, are there? He can hardly swim, can he? They seldom come late, do they? It is impossible, isn't it? He is not unkind to his classmates, is he? 3、含有宾语从句的反意疑问句 当陈述部分是一个(带 that 引导宾语从句的)主从复合句时,附加疑问句 的主谓要和主句的主谓保持对应关系。但是, 当陈述部分的主语是 I am sure ,I am afraid, I suppose, I think, I believe, I imagine, I expect 等结构时, 附加疑问句的主语和谓语要和宾语从句的主语和谓语保持一致关系。 而且要注意 到否定的转移问题。 如:I don't think he is bright, is he? We believe she can do it better, can't she? I think chickens can swim , can’t they ? I think Lucy is a good girl , isn’t she ?
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I don’t think you are a student , are you ? 4.祈使句的反意疑问句 祈使句后加反意疑问句,不表示反意,而表示一种语气。其结构为: 否定祈使句+ will you? 肯定祈使句+ will / won’t you? 省去主语的祈使句的反意疑问句,疑问部分用 will you。 Let's 开头的祈使句,后用 shall we? Let us 开头的祈使句,后用 will you? 如:Let's go and listen to the music, shall we? Let us wait for you in the reading-room, will you ? Let’s go out for a walk, shall we? Let us go our for a walk, will you? Turn on the radio, will you? Don't do that again, will you? Go with me, will you / won't you ? 5. 陈述部分含有 used to 和 ought to 的反意疑问句 陈述部分含有 used to 时,疑问部分用 didn't +主语或 usedn't +主语。 陈述部分含有 ought to 时,疑问部分用 shouldn't / oughtn't +主语。 如:He ought to know what to do, oughtn't he? / shouldn't he? He used to take pictures there, didn't he? / usedn't he? 6.陈述部分主语是不定代词 everybody, anyone, somebody, nobody, no one 等, 疑问部分常用复数 they,有时也用单数 he。 如:Everyone knows the answer, don't they? (does he?) Nobody knows about it, do they? (does he?) 7.带情态动词 dare 或 need 的反意疑问句,疑问部分常用 need (dare ) +主语。 如:We need not do it again, need we ? He dare not say so, dare you? 当 dare, need 为实义动词时,疑问部分用助动词 do/does + 主语。 如:She doesn't dare to go home alone, does she? 8.陈述部分是"there be"结构的,疑问部分用 be/情态动词/助动词+there? There is something wrong with your watch, isn't there? There will not be any trouble, will there? 9. 陈 述 部 分 有 have to +v. (had to + v.) , 疑 问 部 分 常 用 don't + 主 语 (didn't +主语) 。 如: We have to get there at eight tomorrow, don't we?
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10.当陈述部分主语为指物的不定代词 everything ,something ,nothing 等时,

附加疑问部分主语用 it (有时也用 they)。 如:Everyone knows the answer , don’t they ? Nothing here is important , is it ? 11.陈述部分的主语是指示代词 this ,that,不定式,动名词,或从句时,附加 疑问部分的主语用 it。陈述部分的主语是指示代词 those ,these 时,附加疑问 部分的主语用 they。 如:To see is to believe ,isn’t it ? That is not important ,is it ? He must be in the lab ,isn’t he ? 12.陈述部分含有 must 的反意疑问句 1)当 must 表示推测时: ☆对现在情况的推测,反意疑问部分应用助动词(do/be)一般现在时的适当形 式。 若是现在进行时, 反意疑问部分用现在进行时的适当形式。 若是 there be 结 构,反意疑问部分用 isn’t / aren’t there ? 如: He must be there , isn’t there ? He must be waiting outside , isn’t he ? There must be some students in the room, aren’t there ? ☆对过去的推测,若陈述部分由 must have done ,而且有表示过去的时间状语, 反意疑问部分用 didn’t ;若没有表示过去的时间状语,反意疑问部分用 hasn’t/haven’t。如: You must have studied English for four years, haven't you? He must have finished it yesterday, didn't he? 2) 当 must 作“必须”讲时,用 needn’t; 当含有 mustn’t 禁止,不允许 时, 用 must /may。如: You must go now, needn’t you? You mustn’t smoke here, must/may you? 13. 陈述部分含有 had better 或 would rather 或 would like to +v 疑问句部 分用 hadn't you?或 wouldn't +主语?或 wouldn't +主语? You’d better come early, hadn’t you ? You’d rather work than play, wouldn’t you ? You'd like to go with me, wouldn't you? 14.感叹句后面的反意疑问句,其动词要用现在式,而且通常用否定,其主语和 感叹句的主语一致。 如:What a funny man,isn’t he ? 15. 对反意疑问句的回答,无论陈述部分是肯定形式还是否定形式,英语中应答 反义疑问句时只依据事实回答。若事实是肯定的,就用 yes;事实是否定的,就
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用 no。第一部分是否定句,其英语回答和汉语回答有区别。如: ☆You are going home, aren’t you? 你回家,是不是? Yes, I am. 是的,我回家。 No, I am not. 不,我不回家。 ☆ Mike can’t swim, can he? Yes, he can. 不,他会游泳。 No, he can’t. 是的,他不会游泳 ☆They don’t work hard, do they? Yes, they do. No, they don’t. 即学即练: 1. Your sister doesn’t like collecting stamps, ____? A. do she B. does she B. will we B. didn’t she C. likes she C. don’t we C. helped she D. doesn’t she D. shall we D. didn’t Jane D. ought he not to D. will it D. did I D. mustn’t you D. could you D. has D. hasn’t he D. can’t she D. didn’t he
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不, 他们工作努力。 对, 他们工作不努力。

2. It’s a fine day. Let’s go swimming, ___? A.won’t we A. did she A. ought he A. will there not A. didn’t I A. will you A. do you A. hasn’t A. does he A. does she A. used they not 3. Jane helped him with his English, ___? 4. The boy ought to be punished, _____? B. oughtn’t he B. is there B. couldn’t he B. aren’t you B. will you B. does B. doesn’t he B. doesn’t she B. didn’t they C. ought he to C. will there C. couldn’t C. can you C. can you C. doesn’t C. has he C. can she C. usedn’t he 5. There won’t be any concert this Saturday evening, ____? 6. I told them not everybody could do the work well, ____? 7. Be sure to write to us, ___? 8. Don’t smoke in the reading-room, ___? 9. He has hardly made any mistakes in his maths exam, ______he? 10. He seldom has lunch at school, ___? 11. She never speaks to you in English, ____? 12. The Smiths used to live in London, ____? 13. He was careless, ___?

A. was he A. is it Homework:

B. wasn’t he B. isn’t it

C. was he not D. doesn’t it

D. did he

14.What beautiful weather, ______? C. won’t it

1. I don’t think that the necklace is made of diamond, ________? A. do I A. hadn’t B. do you B. had C. isn’t it C. didn’t she D. is it D. did she 2. His wife had the carpets and the curtains cleaned, ________? 3. No one left here yesterday,________? A. didn’t they B. did they C. didn’t one D. did one 4. Birds rarely build nests in our garden,________? A. don’t they B. do they C. didn’t they D. did they 5. You must have been to the Great Wall,____________? A. mustn’t you B. haven’t you C. aren’t you D. must you 6. Learning how to repair motors takes a long time,________? A. doesn’t it B. don’t they C. does it D. do they 7. They must have stayed at home last night,________? A. mustn’t they B. haven’t they C. didn’t they D. must they 8. Let’s start out early tomorrow morning,________? A. shall we B. will you C. do you A. isn’t it B. is it C. isn’t there D. can’t you D. is there D. do they 9. There’s not much news in today’s newspaper,________? 10. They need our help badly at the moment,________? A. needn’t they B. need they C. don’t they 11. She is unfit for the position,________? A. is she B. isn’t she C. doesn’t she A. isn’t she A. used she B. is she D. does she D. has she D. did he D. should you D. are you D. am not I
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12.She’s been a worker here for many years,________? C. hasn’t she 13.Mother used to live in a poor village,____________? B. usedn’t she C. didn’t he 14. You’d better go at once,________? A. wouldn’t you B. had you C. hadn’t you A. aren’t I B. am not I 16. I'm sure dirty, ______? A. am I B. isn’t I C. aren’t I C. aren’t you 15.I am very interested in Mark Twain’s novels,________?

17. That’s the sort of the book you want, ______? A. is it B. isn’t that B. was it C. is that D. isn’t it D. weren’t we D. can they 18. The movie that we saw last week was quite interesting, ______? A. wasn’t it A. can any one A. will he A. has you A. won’t it A. is it 高考试题汇编: 1 It is the first time that he has been to Australia, A isn’t he A could you A is he A did he A had B hasn’t he C isn’t it D hasn’t it ? D could we ? ? D mustn’t he 2 You and I could hardly work together , B couldn’t I C couldn’t we B isn’t he B should he B did C hadn’t C must he ? C. didn’t we 19. Anyone can join the club, ______? B. can’t any one C. can’t they C. will they C. did she C. has it 20. Nobody will believe how difficult his work has been ______? B. won’t nobody B. hadn’t she B. will it B. isn’t it D. won’t they D. didn’t she 21. The teacher had a talk with you, ______? 22. Something’ll have to be done about the air pollution, ______? D. does it D. doesn’t it 23. What a fine day, ___? C. does it

3 He must be helping the old man to water the flowers, 4 He had no idea of what he could say in answer to the question, C didn’t he D shouldn’t he

5 Sarah had her washing machine repaired the day before yesterday , D didn’t ? C aren’t I D didn’t she ? 6 I’m sure you’d rather she went to school by bus , A hadn’t you B wouldn’t you

she?

7 These trees must have been planted three years ago ,

A weren’t they B mustn’t they C didn’t they D haven’t they

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即学即练答案:1-5 .BDBBC

6-14.

A ABDAABBB

homework 参考答案 1-5 DCBBB 6-10 ACADA 高考试题汇编:CDBADBA

11-15 BCBCA 16-20 CDACC 21-23 DAB

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