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2013高考完形填空解题技巧



高考英语专题复习 --完形填空解题技巧指导
【学习目标】 : 1. 熟练运用所学词汇,并学会充分利用上下文语境所提供的线索进行选择。 2. 通过限时训练,学会整体归纳、总结提炼的方法。 3. 全力以赴投入学习,培养积极的人生态度。

Teaching Steps(教学流程)
(一)上下求索——寻信息 因为答案信息点有的在空格前,有的在空格后,有的在前文和后文都有出现,需要综合 考虑或相互印证。有时,还要根据上、下文提供的信息,结合常识,进行适当的逻辑推理, 才可得出正确答案。不管题目有多难,都一定能在上下文中找到线索。 根据上述对广东高考完形填空的命题研究, 我们归纳了以下一些解题方法: [例 1](2013 广东)The number sense is not the ability to count, but the ability to recognize a 1 in number. Human beings are born with this ability. ?experiments show that many animals are, too. For example, ? If a nest has four eggs and you remove one, the bird will not ... However, if you remove two, the bird…leaves. This means that the bird knows the 5 between two and three. 1. A. rise B. pattern C. change D. trend 5. A. distance B. range C. difference D. interval [例 2] Nobel arranged in his will to give the largest part of his money to 28 the Nobel prizes, which would be awarded to people who... A. establish B. form C. develop D. promote [例 3] Alfred Nobel became a millionaire and changed the ways of mining, construction, and warfare as the inventor of dynamite (炸药)...the article read. “Dr. Alfred Nobel, who became___ by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before, died yesterday.” ...Nobel arranged in his will to give the largest part of his money to... A. famous B. sick C. rich D. popular 解析:若单独看空前的 became, 填四个选项都没 有语法错误, 但是由前文中的 became a millionaire 和后文 give the largest part of his money 可 知,_______为最佳答案。 (一)词语同现 1. A man was trying to take a photo of a crow (乌鸦) that has a nest in a tower, but the crow always left when she saw him coming. The bird did not _______ until the man left the tower. A. relax B. recover C. react D. return 3. For example, they may believe that people should always tell the truth, and that lying is _____ acceptable. A. seldom B. rarely C. merely D. never 4. Some people choose not to eat meat because they believe that it is _____to eat animals, but others argue that they can eat meat and still be kind to animals? A. awful B. cruel C. unhealthy D. unnecessary (二)词语复现 2. He took another man with him to the tower. One man left and the other stayed, but they did not _____ the bird?It was not until five men went into the tower and only four left that they were?

able to fool the crow. A. fool B. hurt C. catch D. kill 5. The number sense is not the ability to count, but the ability to recognize a change in number… It seems that number sense is something we have in common with many animals in this world and that our human ______ is not much better than a crow’s. A. sight B. nature C. ability D. belief (三). 逻辑推理 1. Human beings are born with this ability. _____ , experiments show that many animals are, too. A. Importantly B. Surprisingly C. Disappointedly D. Fortunately 3. If people follow rules without taking other matters into consideration, it will be __________ for them to form what is sometimes called a “black and white” view. A. interesting B. vital C. easy D. valuable (四)背景常识 1.The number sense is not the ability to count, but the ability to recognize a _____ in number. Human beings are born with this ability? experiments show that many animals are, too?If a nest has four eggs and you remove one, the bird will not notice. However, if you remove two, the bird generally leaves… A. rise B. pattern C. change D. trend 2. He took another man with him to the tower. One man left and the other stayed, but they did not fool the bird... The experiment was _____ with three men, and then four men. But? A. reported B. repeated C. designed D. approved (五). 前后搭配 1. On April 12, 1888, Alfred’s brother Ludwig died of heart attack. A major French newspaper ____his brother for him and... A. found B. misunderstood. C.mistook D. judged 2. ...Nobel arranged in his will to give the largest part of his money to ___the Nobel prizes, ... A. Establish B. form C. Develop D. promote 【实 战 演 练】 About a month ago, while in the drive through at Starbucks, I noticed a woman in a car behind me who appeared to be having a bad day. There were two kids in the back who seemed to have too much 1 at 8 am on a Sunday morning, because they were shouting loudly. The 2 moved slowly and at one point while I was pulling the car forward, the sad woman behind me 3 my car. I could tell this 4 her. The entire time that I waited in line for my coffee this woman didn’t 5 .Looking back at her I could tell she was wondering “Why me? Why today?” When I 6 up and paid for my coffee I requested that the barista(咖啡吧员) of Starbucks give the woman behind me a smile card and paid for her coffee. 1.A. force B. strength C. power D. energy 2.A. line B. time C. sun D. bus 3.A. knocked B. touched C. kicked D. watched 4.A. excited B. calmed C. worried D. entertained 5.A. apologize B. smile C. complain D. bother 6.A. pulled B. looked C. turned D. walked

Just 30 minutes ago I was again 7 in line at Starbucks. I heard a slam of a car door but thought nothing of it. I was 8 when the same woman came up to my driver’s side window. She 9 me a twenty-dollar bill and the same smile card I had given to her. She smiled and said, “These are for you. You are the 10 one who gave these to me 11 , right? All I need you to do is ask the barista to give the 12 back to me.” It was amazing! It was as if this woman had been waiting to show her 13 for what I had done! 7.A. standing B. waiting C. parking D. pacing 8.A. amused B. confused C. disappointed D. shocked 9.A. handed B. owed C. presented D. asked 10.A. clever B. kind C. honest D. modest 11.A. privately B. secretly C. originally D. totally 12.A. card B. change C. bill D. coffee 13.A. consideration B. respect C. desire D. appreciation When she got back into her 14 today she was all smiles. I could tell she had the same feeling as I had on that early Sunday morning. It was nice to have my coffee paid for, but what made me feel even better was seeing the happiness and smile on her face. As I pulled out of the drive-thru, she waved and yelled out, “Have a 15 day!” I yelled back “You too!” and waved her goodbye. 14.A. office B. home C. car D. room 15.A. free B. quiet C. regular D. good Once upon a time the colors of the world started to quarrel. Green said, "Clearly I am the most important. I am the sign of life and hope. I was chosen for grass, trees and leaves. Without me, all animals would 36 ." Blue interrupted, "You only think about the 37 , but consider the sky and the sea. 38 the water that is the basis of life and drawn up by the clouds from the deep sea. Without my peace, you would all be 39 ." Yellow chuckled (笑道) , "You are all so serious. I bring laughter, fun, and __40__ into the world." 36.A.stay B.leave C.go out D.die 37. A.earth B.moon C.star D.sun 38.A.That is B.I am C.It is D.This is 39.A.anything B.nothing C.something D.Everything 40.A.warmth B.sadness C.depression D.anxiety Orange started next to blow her trumpet, "I am the color of health and strength. I may be 41 , but I am precious for I serve the needs of human life. When I fill the sky 42 , my beauty is so striking that no one gives another 43 to any of you.” Red could stand it 44 and he shouted out, "I am the ruler of all of you. I am the color of danger and of bravery. I am willing to 45 truth. I am also the color of passion and of love." 41.A.usual B.normal C.common D.scarce 42.A.at midnight B.at noon or at night C.at sunrise or sunset D.during the day 43.A.gift B.honor C.thought D.respect 44.A.for more B.any more C.very much D.no longer 45.A.turn to B.fight for C.struggle with D.bend over gives another 43 tocould stand it 44 Then came Purple and Indigo (深蓝). ? The colors went on boasting, each convinced of his or her own __46__. Their quarreling became

louder and louder. Suddenly there was a startling flash of bright lightening thunder. Rain started to pour down __47__. The colors crouched(蜷缩) down __48__, drawing close to one another for comfort. In the midst of the clamor (叫嚷), rain began to speak, “You foolish colors, fighting 49 yourselves, each trying to dominate(支配) 50 . 46.A.superiority B.disadvantages C. reputation D.weakness 47.A.gently B.quietly C.violently D.peacefully 48.A.with care B.in fear C.by chance D.on purpose 49.A.among B.by C.for D.against 50.A.others B.themselves C.the other D.the rest Don't you know that you were each made for a special purpose, 51 ? Join hands with 52 and come to me." Doing as they were told, the colors 53 and joined hands. They formed a colorful rainbow. From then on, whenever a good rain 54 the world, a rainbow appears in the sky. They remember to 55 one another. 51.A.equal and simple B.ordinary and similar C.more or less D.unique and different 52. A.each other B.me C. them D. one another 53.A.combined B.separated C.united D.divided 54.A.cleans B. washes C.brightens D.dampens 55.A.appreciate B.quarrel with C.ignore D.praise 五、高考失分点: 1. 不浏览全文,匆忙作答,欲速则不达。有的考生为了抢速度,不去浏览全文,一开始就 逐个选题,因此不能从整体上把握全文。 2. 没有通过上下文的推敲去选择答案,只从局部去作答,造成一连串的错选。 3. 词义掌握不牢,无法筛选出正确意思。 4. 不作认真地推敲检查,误选太多造成失分。 2. 不注意积累答题技巧: a.忽略文章首句的提示作用; b.忽略文章中上下文之间的照应关系; c.遇到长句不注意分析句子结构,在语义模糊时抱碰运气的心理随意作出选择. 3.时间安排不当:在几个选项上过分纠缠,追求完美,导致许多本可以做出的题来不及做。 切记:正确的做法是由易到难,先做会做的,再考虑较难的。 强烈推荐:如尚有几题题目不确定可将某题的可能的两项填入空格, 然后快速地整句整段地 默读, 选择某一项习惯或短语或动宾搭配读起来较流畅的. 总结--解题方法: 总的原则: “先完意,后完形” 。 八字方针: 上下求索,瞻前顾后。 三步曲: 读——填——读 Tips to Cloze Test: 1.注重首、尾句。 2.克服畏难、急躁情绪,耐心通读全文。 3.切勿看到一个空格就急着选出一个答 案,必须纵观全文、通篇考虑。 4.动笔时先易后难,注意从文中同样结构或类似结构中寻找提示,大胆地作出猜测。 5.如果选项从语法角度无法确定,则必须从语篇(前提示、后暗示)意义上加以鉴别。 掌握方法是关键; 勤于练习多思考, 完形能力步步高.突破完形并不难,



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