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新概念英语2



New Concept English II
Lydia

Hi! My dear friends,I'm Lydia. Welcome to the world of NCE2 . First, I'd like to introduce this book.

Ok.看到这本书,它就是传说中风靡世界的一 本教材,给大家打个比喻吧,它呢,其实就 像一个有着很多格子的书架,格子分类清晰。 每个格子放着不同的语法知识点,而格子之 间又有着很紧密的联系。这样学下来,对所 学的知识异常清晰,需要哪个知识,走到哪 个格子前,就一下子找到了。就像我们这本 NCE2,它有四个单元,每个单元的内容都在 复习前面内容的基础上再补充。

它是由96个幽默风趣的小故事组成的,其实 学过新概念的同学都知道,几乎每个新概念 老师都会要求同学们把课文给背下来,这是 为什么呀?因为它实用,学了之后立马就可 以用。而且你会发现它是一座永远挖不尽的 知识宝藏。 OK,我们现在大致地了解了这本教材, LYDIA老师坚信只要找到正确的方法,热情 从点滴做起,就会得到意想不到的收获。在 我们讲第一课之前,送给同学们一句话, Where there is a will,there is a way. 有志者 事竞成。 Ok. Now let's get down to our business.我们 言归正传。

我们现在进行第一课的学习 Lesson 1 A Private Conversation

在本课中我们重点处理的是简单陈述 句的语序问题
在讲这个之前首先我们来看下New words&expressions. follow me, please!(带读单词)

一。private 1)pivate. adj.作形容词,表“私人的”,通常作定语来修饰 名词。它就相当于personal. 好,看到我们的标题是:A Private Conversation,表示私人 谈话。 a private life a private car a private letter a private school New oriental is a private school. private affairs 私事 That's for your private ear. 2)表秘密的(secret) a private/secret place

二。conversation谈话 我们就想到talk,say,speak,chat, 那么conversation,是个名词,表示非正式的谈话 have a conversation with sb eg. I had a quiet conversation with my closest friend. eg. No conversation while I am talking. converse, 同根动词,表谈话,不及物动词 converse with sb

talk n/v 不及物动词,表正式的谈话 six-party talks talk with/to sb talk with/to sb about sth say表说,及物动词,接说的内容 say sth eg. He said nothing.

speak表说话,讲语言的意思。 作及物动词,讲语言,后面直接加语言 比方说speak a foreign language speak Chinese/English speak作不及物动词,表说话 speak to sb 同谁谈话 名词的讲话为speech make a speech chat n/v表聊天 chat on QQ 总的来回顾这些词

三。theatre(英)n. theater(美) 再比方说,metre----meter centre----center

go to the theatre(去看戏) {go to the movies go to the cinema go to the film}去看电影 口语中play house也作戏院的意思=theatre theatre goer戏迷=play goer 回顾

四。seat(重点词汇)n/vt 发音[si:t]
sit [sit] chair 椅子(可搬动的)

1)seat(固定的)n.座位,座
eg. Is this seat taken?(这有人坐么?)

eg. Have /Take a seat,please. I had a very good seat.=Maybe I sat in the front of the theatre. seatbelt(安全带) seat 作及物动词,表安排……坐下 seat sb eg. Seat yourself. eg. Be seated,please! 回顾

五。play
1) n.玩耍,游戏,娱乐
playboy playground 2) v. (不及物)玩,玩耍 play with sb 跟某人玩,玩弄某人 play with sth 摆弄某物 play with a ball 3) v(及物) 玩,比赛 play football/basketball play cards play chess play the piano 4) n. 戏剧,剧本 theatre play TV play----soap play eg. It is as good as a play!好玩极了!

区别
play 戏剧,剧本 drama 戏,戏剧文学,戏剧艺术(更严谨,更正式) opera 歌剧----Beijing opera 回顾 六。loud adj.大声的 loudly adv. aloud adv. eg. She called loudly/aloud for help. think aloud 自言自语 adj.+ly=adv 比方说,下面出现的 angry----angrily rude----rudely eg. The young man said rudely. eg. real---really exact----exactly quick----quickly 回顾

七。attention

attention n.注意 pay attention to sth pay some attention to sth给予一定的注意, some表强调,可换成more,close,great,enough, little,no等。 draw one's attention attract one's attention eg. The girl draws our attention. eg. Attention,please.(哈利波特中校长讲话) 回顾

八。bear

1)bear n. 熊,粗鲁蛮横的人。 eg. He is really a bear. a bear market a bull market a bear hug紧紧地拥抱,热情的拥抱 bear's advice 帮倒忙(俄国作家克雷洛夫的 寓言--隐士和熊) 2)v. 忍受(stand,put up with sb) eg. I can't bear it anymore. eg. I can't bear the bear. 回顾

九。business

1) n. 贸易,商业,买卖 a business man/woman be on business business hours do business How's your business? business?及回答 2)n. 事情,事物 eg. Let's get (down) to business. eg. It's none of your business. Mind your own businses.(管好你自己的事就 行了)

区别thing,business,affair,matter

thing 任何的事情,事物(很泛) business 强调职责,责任(通常是自己的私事) affair 强调发生过的或将要发生的事情(具体的 事务)eg. foreign affairs(外交事务) matter 被考虑,被处理的事(通常是些问题)eg. What's the matter with you? 回顾

在讲解课文之前,我们先来看一下关键句型。 简单陈述句的语序问题。

英文中有哪几种句型 :陈述句,疑问句,祈使句, 感叹句和There be句型. 陈述句用来描述,陈述事件的。简单陈述句是来描 述一件事情。句中只有一套主谓宾的。 其中描述的某人或某事(who,which,what)在最 前面,称为主语。 动作称为:谓语动词。 这个动作的被发生对象(who,which,what),作动 词的宾语。

比方说:他大声地说。

主语是他。谓语动词是说。那么他怎样说呢, 大声地说。 这个大声地,是说的方式,我们称之为方式 状语。 那么这个事件还需要个时间和地点了, (where&when)称作地点状语和时间状语。 那么简单陈述句的成分一般包括:主语,谓 语,宾语,方式状语,地点状语和时间状语。 按照这样一个顺序,主谓宾,方式,地点, 时间状语,而在很多情况下时间状语可以放 句首,表强调。

而当谓语动词是系动词的时候,我们称之为主系 表结构。 我们来看一下,He left. 他离开了。 那么通过这个句子我们可以总结一个现象,陈述 句至少有主,谓这两个部分,只有主,谓存在才 能叫一个句子。 好,我们进一步来修饰这个句子,他去年离开了 北京。 He left BJ last year.那句中的顺序就是主谓宾+ 时间状语。 也可以:Last year He left BJ.

那么来回顾一下简单陈述句的语序,就是:主语,谓语,宾语, 方式状语,地点状语和时间状语。

接下来 我们来做一些小小的练习, 句中单词打乱了顺序,通过刚刚的讲解,来看一 下,看你能不能把排成一个正确的简单陈述句。 1. The film I enjoyed yesterday. ---------------------------------------------------2. The news listened to I carefully. ----------------------------------------------------3. Games played yesterday in their room the children quietly

Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. “I can’t hear a word!” I said angrily. It’s none of your business,” the young man said rudely. “This is a private conversation!”

I. Listen to the text and comprehension 听课文并理解
1. The writer turned round. He looked at the man and the woman angrily, . A. and they stopped talking B. but they didn’t stop talking C. but they didn’t notice him D. but they looked at him rudely

2. The young man said, “It’s none of your business.” A. He was talking to the young woman. B. He was talking about the play. C. He thought the writer was trying to listen to his conversation with the young woman. D. He thought the writer was asking him a question.

II. New Words and Phrase 生词和短语
New Words: private adj. 私人的 conversation n. 谈话 theatre n. 剧场,戏院 seat n. 座位 play n. 戏 loudly adv. 大声地 angry adj. 生气的 angrily adv. 生气地 attention n. 注意 bear v. 容忍 business n. 事 rudely adv. 无礼地,粗鲁地

Phrases: Please make some sentences by these phrases. 1. go to the theatre --- 去看戏 2. got angry --- 生气 3. turn round/turn around --- 转身 4. pay attention --- 注意 5. I could not bear it. --- 我无法忍受。 6. none of your business --- 不关你的事

III. Questions and Discussion
1. What do you think about this text? 2. Have you ever been in such a situation? How did you deal with it? Please share your experience with us.

IV. Practices 练习
1. Last week the writer went to the theatre. He was the theatre. a. to b. at c. into d. on 2. did the writer feel? Angry. a. Where b. Why c. How d. When 3. The writer could not bear it. He could not it. a. carry b. suffer c. stand d. lift

4. He had a good seat. He was sitting in a good . a. chair b. place c. armchair d. class 5. The writer looked at the man and the woman angrily. He was very . a. sad b. unhappy c. cross d. pleased

Thanks



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