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高考英语虚拟语气


2005年11月25日

一、非真实条件句中的虚拟语气

二、宾语从句中的虚拟语气
三、主语从句中的虚拟语气 四、表语从句、同位语从句中的虚拟语气 五、状语从句中的虚拟语气 六、几种特殊的虚拟语气

考题点击: 1. I am not free today. If I ___free today , I __ and visit some of my friends . B A. am will go B. were , would go C. shall be D. be , must go 2. If my lawyer ___ here last Saturday, he __ me from going . A A. had been , would have prevented B. had been, would prevent C. were, would prevent D. were, would have prevented 3.If I were to see Tom, what ___ you ___ me to tell him? C A. are ,going to ask B. do , ask C. would , ask D. did, ask

一、非真实条件句中的虚拟语气
1.和现在的事实相反

时态

从 句

主 句

表 示 现 在

过去时 (be---were)

should+动词原形 would +动词原形 could +动词原形 might +动词原形

2.和过去的事实相反
时态 从 句 主 句

表 示 过 去

should+have+过去分词 had + would +have+过去分词 过去分词 could +have+过去分词 might +have+过去分词

3.和将来的事实相反
时态 从 句

主 句

表 示 将 来

1)were to +动词原形 2)should +动词原形 3)动词过去式

should+动词原形 would +动词原形 could +动词原形 might +动词原形

考题点击:

1.I went to bed early last night,but I wish I B so. A. didn’t do B. hadn’t done C.haven’t done D. couldn’t do 2.How I wish every family ____a B large house with a beautiful garden. A.has B.had C.will had D.had had 3. The teacher ordered that students_______. B A. mustn’t smoke B. not smoke C. smoked D. had smoked D before 4.The teacher demanded that the work _____ 4 o’clock. A. finished B. finish C. should finish D. be finished

二、宾语从句中的虚拟语气
1.wish后面宾语从句中的虚拟语气,表示 与事实相反的愿望。其表达形式一般是将从句的谓 语动词退后一个时态。例如: 1)与现在事实相反 : wish + (that)+did(were)

I wish I were as healthy as you. I wish that I had a plane. 2)与过去事实相反 : wish + (that)+had done I wish I had been to the concert last night. I wish you had written to him. 3)与将来事实相反 : wish + would/could/might+do I wish he would forgive me.

2. 在某些动词后的宾语从句中需用should+动词原形的 虚拟语气形式。“should”可以省略。 常见的动词有:一个坚持insist; 两个命令order, command ; 三条建议suggest , advise, propose; 四项要求demand, request, require, ask; 另外有:prefer 注意: suggest表 暗示表明 时 insist表坚持认为时不 用虚拟语气

He ordered that the students (should) wash the clothes every week by themselves. The doctor suggested that she (should) have an operation at once.

考题点击: D the examination? 1. Is it necessary that he _____ A. takes B. has to take C. must take D. take B you this. 2. It is strange that he _____ A. would tell B. should tell C. had told D. has told B in the library. 3.It was ordered that no smoking ____ A. should allow B. be allowed C. will be allowed D. is allowed

三、主语从句中的虚拟语气 基本句型: 1. It be+过去分词+that…+(should)+动词原形+… 过去分词:suggested, requested, ordered, proposed…
It is required that nobody (should) smoke here. It’s suggested that everybody (should) buy a dictionary. 2. It be+形容词+that…+(should)+动词原形+… 形容词:important, necessary, natural, right, wrong, better, proper, funny, strange, surprising… It is necessary that we (should ) have a walk now.

It's important that we (should) take good care of the patient. 3. It be+名词( a pity/a shame/ no wonder) that… + (should)+动词原形+…

考题点击:

A once more sounds 1. His suggestion that you _____ reasonable.
A. try B. tries C. must try D. can try 2.He gave an advice that they ____ C each other. A. helped B. must help C.help D.had helped

A there 3.My suggestion is that a few more people ___
to help me.

A. be sent B. have sent C. sent D. should sent

四、表语从句、同位语从句中的虚拟语气 在 suggestion, proposal, idea, plan, order, advice , decision等名词后面的表语从句、同位语从句中

要用虚拟语气,即(should)+动词原形。
1)表语从句: My suggestion is that we (should) leave at once. 2)同位语从句: I make a proposal that we (should) hold a meeting next week.

考题点击:

C each other for years. 1. We felt as if we _____ A.knew B.were knowing C.had known D.have knowing 2. He took away the oxygen tank for fear that C it ______. A. may explore B.exploded C. explode D.had explode

五、状语从句中的虚拟语气 1、用在由as if,as though引导的状语从句中,表示 和现在事实相反或对现在的怀疑,用过去时;表 示过去想象中的动作或情况,用过去完成时;表示 将来用would + 动词原形。 It seems as if the man were his brother. This device operated as though it had been repaired.

2.用在lest, for fear that和in case引导的状语 从句中,这时谓语动词用should+动词原形 或动词原形。 She closed the windows lest she catch cold.

1) 虚拟倒装句

六、几种特殊的虚拟语气

1.Were it (=If it were) not for their help,we couldn’t have got over the difficulties. 2.Had I (=If I had) known about it,I would have told you.

3.Should anyone (=If anyone should )call,please take
a message. 考题点击:

C as far as the river bank? What would have happened, _____
(01 上海) A. Bob had walked farther C. had Bob walked farther B. if Bob should walk farther D. if Bob walked farther

2) 错综条件句

If you hadn’t bought the ticket last week, how would you go now?
考题点击:

D what to do now. If you _____ him yesterday, you _____
A. asked … would know B. had asked … would have known C. asked him … know D. had asked … would know

3) 介词短语表条件
But for your help, we couldn’t have succeeded.

Nothing could live without the sun.

考题点击:

D such rapid progress. Without your help, we ____ A. couldn’t make B. wouldn’t make C. will not have made D. wouldn’t have made

4) 情境中提供虚拟语气 Suppose there were no gravity, objects would not fall to the ground when dropped. She wasn’t feeling very well. Otherwise she wouldn’t

have left the meeting so early.
考题点击: I went by plane; otherwise I ____ D much longer time.

A.could take B.would take C.will have taken D.would have taken

5) 比较if only与only if
only if 表示“只有”; I wake up only if the alarm clock rings. if only 则表示“如果……就好了”。其从句中的谓语 动词用过去时或过去完成时。 If only I knew more. If only the alarm clock had rung. If only 也可用于陈述语气。 If only he comes early. 考题点击: B this together with us now. If only grandmother ____ A. will see B.could see C.must see D.should see

6) It’s (high/low) time 从句: It is (high) time that 后面的从句谓语动词要用过去式或 用should加动词原形,但should不可省略。 It is time that the children went to bed.

It is high time that the children should go to bed.
类似的结构为 would rather 从句:

I would rather you attended the meeting this afternoon.
考题点击: C It is time that you _________ the whole book. A.must go over B.can go over C.went over D.have gone over

7) 其它手段
1.He telephoned to inform me of your birthday, or I would have known nothing about it .(连词) 2.I might have given you more help , but I was too busy . (连词)

3.Given more time, we could have done it better .(分词短 语)
4.… … Such mistakes could have been avoided .(通过上 下文)

高考链接: 1. I didn’t see your sister at the meeting. If she D, she would have met my brother. A. has come B. did come C. came D. had come (MET94) 2. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it C . A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken (MET95) 3. You didn’t let me drive. If we in turn, you so tired. D A. drove ; didn’t get B. drove ; wouldn’t get C. were driving ;wouldn’t get D. had driven ; wouldn’t have got (MET95) 4.Without the air to hold some of the sun’s heat, the earth at night A ,too cold for us to live. A. would be freezing cold B. will be freezing coldly C. would be frozen cold D. can freeze coldly(上海97)

5.___ B it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the meeting.
A. Were B. Should C. Would D. Will (上海94) 6. Jane’s pale face suggested that she ill, and her parents suggested that she a medical examination. B A. be; should have B. was; have C. should be; had D. was; has (上海94) 7. C for the free tickets, I wouldn’t have gone to the films so often. A. If it is not B. Were it not C. Had it not been D. If they were not(上海95) 8.Yesterday Jane walked away from the discussion. Otherwise, she D something. A. had said B. said C. might say D. might have said(上海96)

石器时代,是考古学家假定的一个时间区段,为考古学上的术语。石器时代分为旧石器时代、中石器时代与新石器时代。 考古学对早期人类历史分期的第一个时代,即从出现人类到青铜器的出现,大约始于距今二三百万年,止于距今5000至 2000年左右。

石器时代SF http://www.shiqi.co/ 石器时代SF

这一名称是英国考古学家卢伯克于1865年首先提出的,这个时代在地质年代上已进入全新世。石器时代只是个时间区段 概念,石器时代并不代表那个时候的人类只会使用石器;据近代考古出土大量的文化遗存表明,几千年前的古人已经步 入冶铸、稻作、制陶、纺织等文明时期。青铜、铁器为金属品,遗存几千年的较少;陶器、玉器可存时间长,出土的遗 存较多。 笙常年生病,大太太一定不许小女儿到这儿来过上病气,所以两人私会,跟偷情作贼一般。却难得苏明灵不嫌弃韩玉笙 病歪、韩玉笙也不恼苏明灵放肆。这相差十几岁的手帕交、姐妹情,真真难得的。九 明灵在府中地位超脱,宝音要解 她枉死的疑团,怕还要明灵相助呢!且喜身体果然是爽利了,披着袍子下床走过两步,到了窗台,也像孩子一样盘起脚 坐上去,待划起窗帘,看窗下一只老木墩子,是老妈妈们在后院乘凉时坐的,平常放在另一个角落里,离宝音窗下有数 丈远呢!乐芸剪花时都嫌它重,宁肯从屋里搬三脚凳,也不去移它。怎么云灵能搬它到了这里来?宝音闲闲赞道:“你 能把这墩子搬过来,真不容易。” “笙姐姐你都是第几次夸我了!”云灵捂着嘴吃吃笑。“每次都忍不住夸呀!”宝 音逗引她,“你再说说你的法儿。姐姐听一次欢喜一次。”“嗯!”云灵得意的抬起面孔,果然一五一十道,“我呢, 看到墩子,好重哦,搬是搬不动,就先把它扳倒。摘些叶子垫在它下头,它翻倒了就不会有声音啦!不会吵来别人。我 把它滚啊滚啊就滚过来了。”这样的奸计都能想出来!宝音倒吸一口冷气。平常老太太也夸小 伶俐,如今看来,这小 家伙在老太太面前还是装拙卖傻了,私底下真正放出计谋来,岂止伶俐? 而在这小妖精面前,还能套出话来的宝音, 也颇为自豪,总算没折了场子去。她划下帘子,西斜的太阳,透过窗帘仍然掷进红光来,窗台暖烘烘的,树影子在窗帘 上有一搭没一搭的摇。明灵催着宝音说故事,宝音眯着眼睛往外看:“我好像听到丫妈妈的声音?”负责带云灵的几个 妈妈里,最得力、最有权威的,应该数丫妈妈吧?云灵吓得侧耳静听片刻:“六姐姐你什么耳神!才没人来呢。我说嘛! 丫妈妈她睡死了,根本不会醒。”“她睡着了会着凉吧?”宝音继续套话。“她身体很好的啦!太阳没落山,她才不会 着凉呢!”云灵撇着嘴,声音低下去,“太阳一下山,我也要回去了。”宝音已经有了九分把握:“带你出来散步,一 坐下去就睡着,丫妈妈真是年纪大了,”“对啊对啊!而且笙姐姐知道琴楼边儿上锦葵下头安放的那只老柳木头椅子? 丫妈妈只要坐上去,肯定打盹!我每次都引她去那里!”琴楼也算谢宅比较偏僻的建筑,离表 居所不算很远。想必每 天午睡醒来,丫妈妈领小 遛个圈,小 就引她打盹,好脱身出来吃糖。“笙姐姐讲故事。”云灵蹭在宝音身边撒娇, “好几天没听了,讲嘛!”第十一章 故纵倾颜成一怒(3)看来是躲不过了,但宝音又怎能猜到表 都讲些什么故事! 她正准备装晕逃避,心念一动:“灵儿是没满周岁,就会说话了吧?”“当然!”云灵炫耀,“七个月哦!七个月的灵 儿宝宝就会跟娘说:‘不吃药’了哦!”到底七个月时真说


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