9512.net
甜梦文库
当前位置:首页 >> 英语考试 >>

定语从句(一)



复合句之定语从句 (一)
主讲:Kelly 北京水木清芬教育

简单句vs复合句
复合句:由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成的句子。

在复合句中主句是全句的主体,从句是全句的一个成分,不能独立。 ? 名词性从句(主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句和同位语从句) ? 定语从句 ? 状语从句
Your explanation sounds reasonable. (简单句 ) What you said just now sounds reasonable .(复合句:主语从句)

I believe your honesty .(简单句) I believe that you are honest (复合句:宾语从句).
www.zs360.net

复合句之定语从句

定语从句
? 定语从句的合并与拆分 ? 关系代词who/whom/whose/that的用法

www.zs360.net

复合句之定语从句
概念:在复合句中修饰名词或代词的句子.

? Mary is a clever girl. 形容词作定语
? Mary is a girl who has long hair. 句子做定语,修饰girl

www.zs360.net

定语从句的合并
1. Mary is a girl.

2. Mary has long hair.

Mary is a girl who has long hair.
先行词
www.zs360.net

关系词 定语从句

定语从句的合并
1.The man is a farmer.
2.The man is speaking at the meeting.

The man who is speaking at the meeting is a farmer.

关系代词:which, who, whom, whose, that
关系副词:where, when
www.zs360.net

关系代词的用法
?当先行词是物时, 用which 或that引导

?当先行词是人时, 用who, whom, whose, that引 导.

These are the trees which were planted last year.

The man who is speaking at the meeting is a farmer.

www.zs360.net

who/whom的用法区别
The man who is speaking at the meeting is a worker. The man is a worker. 拆 . The woman whom they wanted to visit is a teacher.
?whom 作定语从句的宾语 拆 The woman is a teacher. 分 They wanted to visit the woman. 作宾语
www.zs360.net

who 作定语从句的主语或宾语

分 The man is speaking at the meeting.做主语

whose表示“谁的”
I know the girl whose mother is a teacher.

拆 分

I know the girl. The girl’s mother is a teacher. ?whose 作定语从句的定语.

www.zs360.net

关系代词whose的用法
? 关系代词whose既可用于指人,也可用于指事或物, 它在定语从句中主要用作定语:
? She is the woman whose car was stolen. 她就是汽车被盗的那个女人。

? This is the house whose windows were broken.
这就是窗户被打破了的房子。 ? Mrs. Gray, whose children are in college, is trying to get a job. 格雷 太太的孩子们都在上大学,她想找一份工作。

试着拆分定语从句
www.zs360.net

that用法最强大
The woman (whom/ that) they wanted to visit is a a teacher.

that 可以作定语从句的主语和宾语.

注意:

关系代词作动词宾语时可省略.

www.zs360.net

只能用that的情况
1、当先行词是anything, everything, nothing (something 除外), few, all, none, little, some等代词时,或者是由every, any, all, some, no, little, few, much,each等修饰时。 (1) Have you taken down everything (that) Mr. Li has said? (2) There seems to be nothing (that) seems impossible for him in the world. (3) All that can be done has been done. (4) There is little (that) I can do for you. (5) Any man that/.who has a sense of duty won’t do such a thing.
www.zs360.net

只能用that的情况
2、当先行词被序数词修饰 The first place that they visited in London was the Big Ben. 3、当先行词被形容词最高级修饰时 This is the best film that I have seen. 4、当形容词被the very, the only, the same, the last 等修饰时 (1) This is the very good dictionary that I want to buy, (2) After the fire in his house, the old car is the only thing that he owned. 当先行词指人时,偶尔也可以用who (3) Wang Hua is the only person in our school who will attend the meeting?
www.zs360.net

只能用that的情况
5、当先行词前面有who, which等疑问代词时 (1) Who is the man that is standing there?

(2) Which is the T-shirt that fits me most?
6、当先行词既有人,也有动物或者物体时 Can you remember the scientist and his theory that we have learned? 7.当关系代词在定语从句中做表语 The village is no longer the one that it used to be 10 years ago. 8.当在there be句型中,通常情况下用that,不用which
www.zs360.net

小结
? 定义:修饰名词或代词、用作定语的从句叫做定语从句。 ? 定语从句的特点:从句前面有个各词或代词(先行词),从句必 须由关系代词或关系副词引导。 分类 指代 引导词 who, whom, that, as 人 which, that, as 事物 whose 人或物(表所属关系) where 地点 when 时间 why 原因

关系代词

关系副词

www.zs360.net

练习题
1.This is all____I know about the matter.

A.that

B.what

C.who

D.whether

2Is there anything else_____you require? A.which B.that C.who D.what

3.The last place _____we visited was the Great Wall. A.which B.that C.where D.it

4.He talked happily about the men and books_____
interested him greatly in the school. A.which
www.zs360.net

B.that

C.it

D.whom

关系代词填空
1. I have a friend ______ likes listening to classical music. 2. Yesterday Emily was wearing the new dress _______ I gave her.

3. The man ______ leg broke in a match used to be a football player.
4. My parents live in a house_____is more than 100 years old. 5. The boy with _______ John spoke is my brother. 6. Kevin is reading a book _______is too difficult for him.

www.zs360.net

做题步骤总结
1. 确定先行词:空格之前的单词或词 组 2. 将先行词带入定语从句,还原从 句为完整句子 3. 根据先行词在还原句中的成分确 定引导词
www.zs360.net



更多相关文章:
新概念一定语从句专练
1. 上期回顾:当先行词在定语从句中充当主语或宾语时,由 that(物&人),which(物), who(人)等引导词来引导定语从句,先行词在定语从句中作宾语时,引导词可以...
定语从句的引导词1
定语从句的引导词 定语从句的引导词有关系代词 who, whom,whose,which,that, as; 关系副词 when, where,why。 编辑本段 引导词应用缺什么成份 定语从句中引导...
高考定语从句专项练习题及答案详解 (1)
have been 参考答案及解析 1. A. which 用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语。 2.C. "和谁讲话”要说 speak to sb. 本题全句应为 Do you know the man ...
定语从句(一)
定语从句注意事项: 一.定语从句中的主谓一致 1、I,who___ your friend, will help you certainly. (be) 2、Don’t forget the people who___ helped you....
定语从句( 一)
This is the man ___ I work with This is the man with___ I work 特殊情况 1.词前有下列词语修饰时,定语从句必须用 that 引导。 all, every, any,...
定语从句(一) 教学设计
定语从句(一) 教学设计_英语_高中教育_教育专区。定语从句(一)课题 教学设计 授课人:张传喜 课型 语法课 课时 1 课时 Grammar focus:The Attributive Clause ...
定语从句(一)
2. 定语从句由非限定性定语从句和限定性定语从句 (1) 非限定性定语从句:非限定性定语从句是对先行词的附加说明,去掉后不会影 响主句的意思,与主句之间用逗号...
定语从句讲义 1
定语从句讲义 1_司法考试_资格考试/认证_教育专区。定语从句讲义 1 定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,词组 或代词即先...
定语从句简单讲解一份
定语从句简单讲解一份_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。定语从句 (一)定义及相关术语 1.定语从句:修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。定语从句一般紧跟在它所...
定语从句与其他从句的区别1
定语从句与其他从句的区别 1. 限制性定语从句与同位语从句的区别关系副词引导限制性定语从句中的关系词有跟他们含义相应的先行词,而引导同位 语从句时则没有与他们...
更多相关标签:

All rights reserved Powered by 甜梦文库 9512.net

copyright ©right 2010-2021。
甜梦文库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com|网站地图