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英语完形填空常用短语


英语完型填空常用短语 ?(money) worth of sth. ??价值?? (接数词) ?has a population of? ??人口数量 是?? ?times as big as ??是??几倍大 ?times the size of ??是??几倍大 a (great/large/small) number of 许多 (接可数名词复数;谓语动词用复数) A (together) with B? A 与 B 一样, ?? (谓语动词与 A 一致) A as well as B? A 跟 B 一样,??(谓 语动词与 A 一致) A besides B? 除了 B 以外, A??(谓 语动词与 A 一致) a bit of 一点(接不可数名词) a bit 一点(接形容词) a bunch of 一束、一捆 a certain 某一个(接可数名词单数) a copy of 一份(报纸等) a couple of 几个、一些、三两个(接可 数名词复数) a crowd of 一群、许多 a developed country (一个)发达国家 a developing country (一个)发展中国家 a diet of healthy foods 一份营养食谱 a fallen tree 一颗倒了的树 a few moment later 一会儿、不久以后 a few pieces of advice 几点建议 a good/great deal of 大量(接不可数名 词) a good/great many 大量(接可数名词 复数) a great deal 许多东西 a group of 一群?? a highly-developed country 高度发达国 家 a kind of sth. 一类?? a knife and fork 一副刀叉 a knowledge of 某一学科的知识 a lack of 缺乏 a large quantity of 大量(接可数、不可 数名词) a large/small/great amount of 一些(接不 可数名词) A like B? 像 B 一样, A??(谓语动词 与 A 一致) a little bit 一点(接形容词) a little 一点(接形容词)

a loaf of bread 一个面包 a lost life in a desert 鸿沟 a lot more interesting 更有趣 a lot more 许多 a lucky escape 幸运地逃脱 a narrow escape 侥幸逃脱、九死一生 a piece of advice 一条建议 a place of interest 一处名胜 a point of view 一种观点 A rather than B 与其 B,不如 A a series of 一系列的 a source of ??的一个来源 a third ①三个中的一个 ②三分之一 a total of 总计??(接数词) a type of 一种 a variety of 一种 a waste of money/time/? 浪费(金钱、 时间等) a year and a half 一年半 above all 最重要的是,首先要 according to 根据、依照 achieve one's aim/goal 实现某人的目标 achieve success 取得成功 act a part ①扮演一个角色 ②假装 act as if 假装(接从句,有虚拟语气) act the part of sb. 演??的角色 add A to B 把 A 加到 B 上 add to 增加到 add up to 总计(无被动形式) address a/the letter 写信(的地址) address sth. to sb. 给某人讲?? admit to 承认 advise (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人 应该做 某事(虚拟语气) advise sb. to do 劝说某人去做 afford sb. sth. 为某人承担?? afford sth. to sb. 为某人承担?? afford to do 能够去做 after a time 一段时间后 after a while 不久 after all 毕竟;终究 after that 从这以后(用一般现在时) agree on 在??达成共识 agree that? 同意??(接从句) agree to do 同意去做 agree to one's plan/suggestion 采纳某 人的计划(建议) agree with one's idea/opinion/analysis

同意某 人的看法(见解) agree with sb. ①(衣服等)适合某人 ②与??一致 ③同意、赞同 agree with sb. on that point 在那方面 同意某人的意见 ahead of time 事先;提前 aim at ①瞄准 ②追求、旨在 All but A? 除了 A 以外所有人(谓语动 词与 all 一致,用复数) all kinds of 各种各样的 all of a sudden 突然(单用) all over (Europe) 整个(欧洲) all sorts of 各种各样的 all such 所有这些??(接名词用复 数) all the same 仍然、依然 all the way 全程 all the year round 整年 all through the(night/year/one's life) 整 个?? all?not? 不都是??(部分否定) allow doing/sb. to do 允许(某人)做某 事 announce sth. to sb. 向某人宣布?? announce to sb. sth. 向某人宣布?? answer for 为??负责任 anyone who = whoever 任何人(引导主 语从句) apart from 除??外还?? appear to do 好像?? apply for 申请 apply one's minds to 专心于 appreciate doing 感激做?? as a matter of fact 实际上 as a result of 由于?? as if 似乎、好像(引导方式状语从句) as long as 只要(引导条件状语从句) as one body 像一个人一样 as soon as is necessary 如果可能的话 尽快?? as soon as 一??就??(引导时间状 语从句) as though 似乎、好像 as well as ①和??一样 ②与??一 样好 as well 也;一样 ask (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人应该 做某事(虚拟语气)

ask for a leave 请假 ask sb. for advice 取得某人的建议 ask some questions of sb. 向某人提问 (书面语) at a distance 有一些距离、在远处 at a great depth 在很深处 at a loss 不知所措、困惑不解 at a low/high price 价格低(高) at a low/high speed 速 度 很 慢 / 快 地?? at a mouthful 一口、满口 at a safe speed 以安全速度行驶 at a speed of 以??的速度行驶 at a time 一次;有时、曾经 at first blush 一瞥 at full speed 全速前进 at least 至少、最少 at least?if not more 如果不是更多, 至少也?? at most 最多、至多 at one time 曾经、以前 at present 现在 at that very moment 就在那个时候 at the ball 在舞会上 at the beginning of 在??的开始 at the bottom of 在??的底部 at the cost of 以??为代价 at the crossing 在十字路口 at the invitation of sb. 应某人邀请 at the latest 最迟、最晚 at the most 最多 at the price of 以??为代价 at the risk of 冒着??的危险 at the same time 同时 at the sight of 看见 at the speed of 以??的速度 at the thought of 当??想到 at the top of the voice 用最高的声音 attempt to do 尝试去做、企图去做 attend to sth. 注意;对??关注 attitude to/towards sth. 对??的态度 attract one's attention 吸引某人注意力 back and forth 来来往往地、(前后)来 回地 bark at (狗)向??叫 be (good) value for money ??值钱 be able to do 能够??、有能力?? be about to do when 就要做某事时, 突 然??

be about to do 准备做??(不接时间 状语,表示将来) be absent from 不在、缺席 be absorbed in 沉 迷 于 ? ? 、 迷 恋 于?? be active in 在??活跃 be admitted into universities 被大学录 取 be afraid of doing 担心某事会发生 be afraid of sth./sb. 害怕某人(物) be afraid that? 恐怕?? be afraid to do 不敢去做 be after sth./sb. 找?? be along with 和??一起 be an expert on/in/at sth. 在??是专 家 be angry at sth. 对某事感到生气 be angry with sb./sth. 对某人(物)感到 生气 be anxious about 为??感到焦虑 be anxious for sth. 急切地要?? be anxious to do 急切去做?? be ashamed of 感到羞耻、惭愧 be at breakfast/lunch/supper 在吃早/午 /晚饭 be at the same level 在同一水平上 be aware of sth. 知道 be away from 离??远 be based on 以??为基础、以??为 根据 be better off 境况好 be blind in one eye 一只眼睛失明、独 眼龙 be blind to 对??视而不见 be busy doing 忙着?? be busy with 忙着?? be careful 小心 be caught in 被困住 be concerned about 关心 be connected with ??与??有联系 be content to do 甘愿做某事、愿意做 某事 be content with 对??满足 be crowded with 挤满了 be dangerous ??(对??)构成威胁、 是危险的 be deaf to 对??听而不闻、 充耳不闻 be disappointed in sth. 对某事(物)失 望

be disappointed with sb./sth. 对??失 望 be doing when 正 要 做 某 事 时 , 突 然?? be doing 表达某种语气、感情,如喜 爱、赞美、厌恶、痛恨、批判等 be done away with 结束、结果 be dressed in 穿?? be due to do 预计??会怎样 be due to sth. 由于、应归于 be dying for 渴望 be dying to do 急切去做?? be eager to do 盼望去做?? be engaged in 忙于、致力于 be engaged to 与??订婚 be equal to 与??相等 be expert in/at doing 擅长于?? be famous as 作为??而出名 be famous for 因为??而出名 be famous to sb. 在??中出名 be favourable to 有助于、有利于 be fit for sth. 适合?? be fond of 爱好?? be friendly/kind/polite to sb. 对某人友 好 be going to do 即将做?? be gone ??不见了 be good on sb. 对某人好 be hard on sb. 对某人苛刻、为难某人 be harmful to 对??有害 be honoured for sth. ??因为??受尊 敬 be in (the) majority 占大多数,处于多 数 be in business 营业 be in danger 处于危险之中 be in darkness 在黑暗之中(无光, 用于 指状态) be in disorder 没有秩序、乱 be in earnest 急迫、急切 be in good order 有秩序、整洁 be in great need 最需要 be in hospital 住院 be in low/high spirits 情绪低落/高昂 be in poor health 身体不好 be in/under one's charge 受某人管 be in/under the charge of sb. 受某人管 be introduced into ??被引进 be joined to 与??连接

be keen on 喜欢 be kind for sb. to do sth. 某人做某事(对 人)有好处 be kind of sb. 某人好 be known for 因为??而出名 be known to sb. 在??中出名 be lacking in 缺乏 be longing for 盼望去做?? be longing to do 盼望去做?? be lost ??不见了 be lost in sight 看不见 be lost in thought 陷入沉思 be made from 由??(加工)制成 be made into 制成、加工成 be made of 由??(直接)制成 be made up of ??由??组成 be marked with 被标上 be measured in 以??来衡量 be missing ??不见了 be mixed with sth. 用??混合 be not in agreement ??是不同的 be nothing more than 只不过是 be of different sizes/colours/weights/ages/shapes 尺寸 /颜色/ 重量/年龄/形状不同 be of great/no help/value/importance/use to sb. 对某人(没)有很大(帮助等) be of the same kind 同一类 be of the same size/colour/weight/age/shape 尺寸/颜色/重量/年龄/形状相同 be of this kind 属于这一类 be off 离开 be on a visit from sp. 从某地来访问 be on a visit to sp. 正游览、参观某地 be on business 因公(办事等) be on diet 节食 be on duty 值日、上班 be on fire 着火 be on holiday/vacation 在度假 be on sale 待售、拍卖 be on show 展览;上映 be on strike 罢工 be on the march 正在游行、正在行军 be out of fashion 过时、不流行 be out of order 没有秩序、乱 be out of reach ①够不着 ②无能为力 be out of work 失业

be popular among sb. 在??中流行 be popular with sb. 在??中流行 be prepared for 为??作准备(接抽象 事物) be present at (the meeting) 参加(会议) be proud of 以??自豪 be put to a new use 被用在了新的用 途上 be ready for 准备好做?? be ready to do 准备好做?? be recognised as 被认作是 be reduced by 降低了??(接数字、 百 分数) be related to 与??有联系 be responsble for 为??负责任 be rich in 在??丰富 be satisfied with 对??满意 be senior to 比??大 be set in 以??为背景 be short of 缺少 be shown into sp. 被带到某地 be spun into thread 被纺成线 be strict in sth. 对某事严格要求 be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求 be successful in doing sth. 做??成功 be suitable for 适合 Be sure(certain) to do? 确信做某事 (祈使句) be tired from sth./doing (身体上)劳累、 疲劳 be tired of sth./doing 厌倦?? be tired out 筋疲力尽 be to blame (应该)受责备 be to do 准备做?? be trapped by (the fire) 被(火)围困 be treated as 把??当作??对待 be under construction 建设中 be unwilling to do 不愿去做 be up to ①高达、达到 ②达到境界、 进入角色 ③从事、忙于 be well received 接受效果好、 广泛接受 be willing to do 盼望去做?? be worried about 为??担心 be worth doing 值得?? be worth sth. 值多少 be worthy of 值得 be/become known as 作为??而出名 be/become widely accepted 被广泛的接 受

beat sb. black and blue 把某人打得鼻 青脸肿 beat sb. on the head 碰某人的头 beat sb. to death 打死某人 beat sth. flat 把??压平 become a success 成功 become separated 分开 before all 尤其、特别 before long 没过多久(常用于将来时、 一般过去时) begin with 以??开始 believe in ①信赖、信任 ②信奉、信 仰 belong to sb. 属于 benefit from 从??获取利益、好处 beyond reach 够不着;找不到、消失 beyond that 除了那个以外 beyond the sea 在海外 black out 昏迷、神志不清;停止、中 断 black tea 红茶 blood bank 血站、血库 blow away 吹走 both of sb. 两个人都?? both?not? 不都是??(部分否定) break away from 脱离 break down (1)分解;破裂 (2)(汽车)抛 锚 break in 打断??的话 break into pieces 打(破)成碎片 break off 折断、中断、罢工 break one's promise/words 破坏某人的 诺言、食言 break out 分裂、爆发 break the record 打破纪录 break the rules 违反规则 break up 分解 bring about 带来、造成 bring down 使??下降 bring in 引进 bring on 引起、导致 bring sth. to one's notice 使某人注 意?? bring up 抚育、养育 build up 建立 burn down 烧毁 burn sth. to the ground 把??烧毁 burn up 消耗 burst in 闯进、闯入

burst into flames 突然着火 burst into tears/laughter 突然放声大哭 /笑 burst out doing 爆发;突然 business sense 商业理念 by and by 不久以后、很快的 by chance 偶然 by degrees 逐渐地 by far 至今为止 by means of 通过??的办法 by occasionally 偶然的 by ones and twos 三三两两地、 零零落 落地 by oneself 独自地、独立地、单独地 by the end 在??以前 by the hour/day/week/minute/month/year 按小时/日/周/分/月/年算 by the kilogramme/ton 按公斤/吨算 by the time 一段时间前(引导时间状 语从句) by the way 顺便说一下 by this means 用这种方法 by weight/length/volume 按重量/长度/ 容量算 call a taxi 打的 call at sp. 拜访某地 call for ①要求 ②邀请 call in sb. 派人去请 call on sb. to do? 号召某人做某事 call on sb. 拜访某人 call one's attention to sth. 让某人引起 对?? 的注意 call to mind 想起 call up sb. ①使??想起 ②给??打 电话 calm down 镇定下来 can't help doing 情不自禁地?? can't resist doing 不能抗拒做?? carry about 携带、随身带 carry away 冲垮;拿走 carry forward 发展、发扬 carry off 抢走、夺走 carry on 进行、继续 carry out one's promise 遵守某人的诺 言 carry out 实行 carry with 进行、继续 catch a cold 感冒

catch fire 着火 catch in 被??困住、绊住 catch one's attention 吸引了??的注 意 catch sight of 看到?? caught by the? 抓到某人的??(身 体部位) cause sb. to be in such a state 导致某 人到这样的地步 change A for B 用 B 替换 A change into 变成 clear away 收拾走、清除 clear out 把??请出去 clear up ①天晴 ②解决 climb over 翻越 close to 靠近某地 come about 发生 come across 偶然遇见 come along 进展、进行 come at 袭击、向??打击 come away 脱离、掉下 come back ①回来 ②醒过来 come down 下降 come forth 向前 come into being 形成、产生、存在(无 被动) come into effect 生效、启用 come off 脱离、掉下 come on ①加油 ②进展 come out ①产生、出现 ②被知道 ③出版、 发行 ④结局、结果 come right 直接 come round 转身 come to ①把注意力转向?? ②到 来 come to an end 消亡、灭亡、分裂 come to one's notice 引起某人的注意 come to oneself 苏醒、恢复知觉 come to power 掌权 come true 成为现实 come up ①上升 ②发生 ③产生 ④(问题、 话题、议题)被提出(无被动) come up to 过来 come upon 偶然遇见 command (that) sb. (should) do 命令某 人应该做某事(虚拟语气) compare A to B 把 A 比作 B

compare A with B 把 A 与 B 作比较 compare notes 交换意见 compared with/to A, B? 与 A 相比, B??(B 不用比较级) congratulate sb./sth. (on sth.) 祝贺?? (取得??的成绩) congratulations on sth. ??的祝贺 connect A to B 连接 A 与 B(单方面) connect A with B 连接 A 与 B(两方面) consider sb. to have done 认为某人做 了某事 consider sb./sth. to be/as 把??看作 consider sth./doing 考虑(做)?? consist of 由??组成 content oneself with sth. 对??满意 continue doing 一直做(同一件事) continue to do 继续做(下一件事) continue with sth. 继续做某事 contribute sth. to sth. 为??贡献?? convert sth. into sth. 把 ? ? 转 变 成?? could have done 本来能做成的(却没 做 成)(虚拟语气) couldn't have done 本来做不成的(却 做成 了)(虚拟语气) count on/upon 指望、依靠 count sth. at 当作 cover sth./sb. with sth. 用 ? ? 盖 住?? cover the events 报道事件 cross out 除去、勾销 crowd off 挤出 cry out 喊出去 cure sb. of 治好某人的(病) cut away 切下;逃跑 cut down 砍倒;缩减 cut off 切断 cut one's hair short 把??头发剪短 cut out 切下;删除 cut sth. in half 把??切成两半 cut sth. into halves 把??切成两半 cut sth. into two parts 把??切成两半 cut up 割开;切碎 daily goods 日用品 dance around 到处跳 dance to the music 伴着音乐跳舞 dare to do 敢于??

date back to 起源于、追溯到 date from 起源于、追溯到 day after day 日复一日 day and night 一天到晚 day by day 逐日 deal in 经营 deal with 处理、对待 declare sb./sth. to be adj./n. 宣称 ?? 是??(接形容词或名词) deep into the night 熬夜 delay doing/sth. 推迟?? demand (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人 应该做某事(虚拟语气) demand sth. of/from sb. 向 某 人 要 求?? demand to do 要求去做 depend on/upon 取决于、依赖于、依 靠 describe sth. to sb. 将??描述给(讲 给)?? despise of sb. 看不起 determine sb. to do 使某人下决心做 某事 determine to do 下决心做某事 develop a habit 养成习惯 develop an interest in sth. 表 现 出 对??的兴趣 develop films 制作电影 devote sth./oneself to sth./doing 把??奉献给?? die away (气味、声音、光线)逐渐消失、 变弱 die down 平息、变弱、逐渐消失 die from polluted air/over work/an accident/… 因为(空气污染、 过度劳累、 事故等)而死 die of grief/cold/hungry/old age/? 因 为(悲伤、寒冷、饥饿、年老等)而死 die out 灭绝;死光、死绝 dig out 挖出 direct sb. to do 指导、要求某人去做 direct that sb. should do 命令某人去做 discourage sb. from sth./doing 阻碍某 人做某事 dislike doing/sb./sth. 不喜欢?? dive off 从??跳水 divide sth. by sth. ??除以?? divide sth. into 将??分成 do a good deed 做好事

do away with 废除 do damage to 损害 do good/harm to sb./sth. 对??有好 处(坏处) do not give in an inch 一寸不让 do research on/in/about/into sth. 研 究?? do sb. a favour 帮某人一个忙 do sb. good/harm 对某人有好处(坏 处) do sb. the favour to do/of doing 帮某 人忙做?? do sth. alone 自己、靠自己 do sth. at the right time 在合适的时候 做某事 do sth. by hand 手工制作(常用被动) do sth. by turns 轮流做??、依次 做?? do sth. deep/far into the night 熬夜 do sth. for fun 做??为了取乐 do sth. in good faith 诚实地?? do sth. on purpose 有目的地做 do up ①系上、扣上 ②收拾整理 do with 处理 double one's output 使(产量等)成倍增 长 draw a deep breath 深呼吸 draw conclusions 下结论 draw in ①(车)进站 ②引诱 draw one's attention 吸引某人注意力 draw quick interest 获得快捷利润 draw up 草拟、拟定 dream of sth./doing 梦想 drink to 为??干杯 drive sb. to tears 使某人哭 drop in at sp. 拜访某地 drop in on sb. 拜访某人 eager for 渴望 early bird 早起者、早到者 earn one's living 谋生 easy-going 随和、平易近人 eat one's words 收回某人(说过)的话 eat up 吃光 either A or B 是 A 或者是 B(谓语动词 就近一致) encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓 励 某 人 做?? end up with 以??结束 enter for 报名参加

escape being done 逃避被?? escape doing sth. 逃避做?? escape from sp. 从??逃离 ever lasting 永不停止的、永远的 every one of sb./sth. ??中的每一个 every other? 每两个?? every two? 每两个?? except for 除了(用于两种不同的事 物) expect sb. to do 期望某人?? expect sth. to be done 期 望 某 事 被?? expect to be/do 期望会?? explain sth. to sb. 向某人解释?? explain to sb. sth. 向某人解释?? export to 向??出口 face to face 面对面(作状语) face-to-face 面对面的(作定语) fail to do 失败、未做成 fall asleep 睡着了 fall behind 落后 fall ill 生病 fall in love with sb. 爱上某人 fall off 掉下 fall to pieces 消亡、灭亡、分裂、崩溃 far and near 远近、到处、四面八方 far and wide 广泛地 far more interesting 更有趣 far more 许多 fast asleep 熟睡 feed on sth. 以??为食 feed sb./sth. with/on sth. 用??喂养 feed sth. to sb./sth. 把??喂养给?? feel alone 感到孤单 feel like doing?/sth. 喜爱(做)?? feel lonely 感到孤单 feel one's way 摸索着前进 feel out 探索某人的意图 feel sb. on the head 摸某人的头 feel terrible 感觉不舒服 feel well 感觉舒服 few such mistakes 这么少的错误 fight against 与??作斗争、与??交 战 fight back 回击 fight for sth. 为了??而斗争 figure on 指望、计划、打算 figure out ①解决 ②计算出来、 合计 出

fill with 充满 find out 找出、查明 find sb./sth. do 发现??做过?? find sb./sth. doing 发现??正在?? find sb./sth. done 发现??被?? finish off 结束、完成 fire at 向??开火 fire escape 火灾安全出口 fire out ①消沉、一蹶不振 ②开除、 解雇 fire up 火冒三丈、发火 first aid 急救 first of all 首先 fit club 健身俱乐部 fix a time/date for sth./doing 确定?? 的日期 fix a time/date to do 确定日期做某事 fix A to B 把 A 固定在 B 上 fix one's attention on sth. 把某人的注意 力集中到??上 fix one's eyes on sth. 目不转睛、 凝视、 把注意力集中在??上 fix sb. sth. 为??准备?? fix sth. for sb. 为??准备?? float off 漂浮 fly over (从上面)飞越 fold up 折叠起来 follow one's advice on 听从??的建 议 follow the rules 遵守规则 fool about/around 游手好闲、闲荡 fool sb. into doing sth. 哄骗某人做某 事 for (political) reasons 由于(政治)原因 for a while 一段时间 for ages 很久 for example 例如 for fear that 担心 for free 免费的 for God's sake 看在上帝的面上 for good 永久地、一劳永逸地 for instance 例如 for one thing 首先 for one's sake 为??起见 for oneself 为了自己 for sale 准备出售 for the first time 第一次 for the sake of 为??起见 forbid sb. to do 禁止某人做某事

force oneself to one's feet 挣扎着站起 来 force sb. to do 强迫某人做?? foreign affairs 外交事务、外事、外务 form a habit 养成习惯 frankly speaking 坦白地说 free from 没有、免除 from a great distance 远距离 from cover to cover 从头到尾 from door to door 一家挨着一家 from side to side 左右摇摆 from that time on 从那时起 from the beginning 从一开始 from time to time 时常、经常 gain in 获得 generally speaking 一般来说 get across 通过、越过、穿过 get along (well) with ①与某人相处 (得好) ②进展(顺利) get broken 弄坏了 get burnt 烧着了 get caught in 遇到 get changed 换衣服 get close to sth./sb. 与??接近 get down to sth./doing 开始去做?? get good from sth. 从??中得到好处 get hold of 把握住;抓住 get hurt 受伤了 get in touch with 与??取得联系 get in 进入 get into ①坐进(轿车、出租车等) ② 陷入(某种状态)之中 get into the habit of 养成??的习惯 get it settled 确定 get married 结婚(强调动作) get off ①下车 ②脱下 get on (well) with sb./sth. 与某人(事、 物) 相处(得好) get on the right track 走上正轨 get over 恢复、克服 get paid ??被付钱、得钱、挣钱 get ready for sth. 准备好?? get rid of 去除 get sb. to do/doing/done 让某人?? get separated 分开 get sth. on ??有某事 get sth. ready for 为??作准备 get through ①接通(电话) ②通过(考

试) ③完成(工作、任务) ④通过(议 案、计划) ⑤消息传到?? get tired of sth./doing 感到厌倦 get to know sb. (刚刚)认识某人 get to 够得着 get together 聚会 get up to one's feet 站起来 get word 得到消息 get worse 越来越坏了 give a birth to a baby 生小孩 give a hand 帮助 give a promise 许下诺言 give A sth. for B 把为 B 准备的??给 A give a talk 做报告;做演讲 give a thought to sb./sth. 想象、思考 give an order for sth. 订购?? give away 把??送出去 give back 送回去、拿回去 give birth to 生产、生育 give in 屈服、投降、让步(不及物) give off 散发、发出(气味、光线、声 音) give one's love/wishes/regards to sb. 给 某人的(问候等) give out ①发出(气味、光线、声音) ②用尽 ③精疲力尽 give over 交托、停止、放弃 give sb. a lift 搭车 give sb. a message 给(收信人)留/传个 信 give sb. advice on sth./how to do 给某 人??的建议 give sb. sth. 把??给某人 give sth. away 把??送出去 give up sth./doing 放弃 give way to 让位给?? go aboard a plane/ship 登飞机/船 go abroad 出国 go after 追逐、追求 go against 违背 Go ahead. (口语)鼓励某人做某事、 去做 吧 go all the way back to the time of 起源 于 go bad 变坏 go by 经过 go down 下降、减弱 go in for 从事、投身于

go mad about sth./doing 痴迷于??, 为??疯狂 go missing 不见、丢失 go off ①离去 ②变质 go off duty 下班 go on a trip on sp. 游览、参观某地 go on board 登(船、飞机) go out 出去;(灯火)熄灭 go over to 到??去 go over 温习、复习;检查 go through ①穿过 ②仔细察看 ③ 经历 go to sp. for a holiday 到??度假 go up to 上到??上 go up 上升、增强 go with ①和??一起去 ②(颜色、 款 式等)搭配 Good luck with your trip. 祝你一路顺 风。 good manner 好方法 good manners 有礼貌 good-for-nothing 没有用 graduate from 从??毕业 grow out of 从??产生、由??而来 grow rich 变得富有 guess sb. to be 猜测某人是?? had done sth. when? 刚刚做完某事, 突然?? hand down 继承、传下去 hand in 上交 hand out 发出去 hand over 递交、转交、移交 hang up 挂断(电话) Hardly ? when ? 还 没 ? ? 就 ? ? (部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装) have a cold 感冒 have a great effect on 对??有很大的 影响(效果) have a high opinion of 高度评价 have a problem with sth. 在??有问题 have a rest 休息 have a seat 坐下 have a short memory 记性不好 have a talk with sb. 跟某人谈话 have a trip on sp. 游览、参观某地 have a word with sb. 跟某人谈话 have an effect on sb. 对??有影响(效 果) have difficulty/trouble (in) doing/sth.

做??有困难 have on 穿着?? have one's attention 让某人注意 have one's exam 某人考试 have sb. do/doing/done 让某人?? have sth. on ??有某事 have sth. on/with/about sb. 某人随身 带??(常指财务等) have sth. to do with sb./sth. 与??有关 系 have the habit of doing 有做??的习 惯 have trouble with sth. 做??有麻烦 have words with sb. 与某人吵架、口角 head back 调头 hear about sth./sb. (through sb.) (通过某 人)听说?? hear from 收到??的来信 hear of sth./sb. 听说?? hear sb./sth. do 听说??做过?? hear sb./sth. doing 听说??在?? hear sb./sth. done 听说??被?? hear the concert 听音乐会 heavy smoker 瘾君子(专指吸烟) help sb. out 帮助某人 hit sb. on the? 打着某人的(身体部 位) hold a position 处于??(位置、地位) hold back ①阻止、阻挡 ②缩回来 hold down 阻止;压制 hold for questioning 被审讯 hold on ①别挂断(电话) ②坚持 hold one's breath 屏住呼吸 hold one's head high 高昂着头 hold out ①伸出(手) ②支持、坚持、 维持 hold the record 保持纪录 hold to 坚持 hold up ①阻挡 ②使??停顿 ③ 抬起 honestly speaking 说句实话 how to do it 怎么去做(作宾语) humour sense 幽默感 hundreds of thousands of 成千上万的 (加可数名词复数) hunt for 寻找 hurry off 快点走 I (don't) doubt that/if/whether? 我(不) 怀疑??(接宾语从句)

I can't speak too high of him. 我已经 无法用语言形容了。(用于赞美) I suppose sb. be doing sth.. 我想你应 该在做??。 I wonder whether/how ? 我想知 道?? if any 如果有 if not more 如果不是更多 if not 如果不 I'm afraid that? 我害怕??(接宾语 从句) I'm satisfied that? 我满足??(接宾 语从句) I'm sure that? 我确定??(接宾语从 句) imagine (sb.) doing sth. 想象(某人)做 某事 imagine sb./sth. to be 假 想 ? ? 成 为?? imagine that 假想?? in (good) order 秩序井然、有序 in a high/low voice 高(低)声说话 in a hundred years' time 在一百年时间 里 in a time 一段时间后 in a while 一会儿 in a word 一句话、简而言之 in addition 另外 in advance 提前、事先 in all 总计;一共 in ancient times 古代 in astonishment 究竟 in case of 在??的时候、要是 in case 以防万一、在??情况下 in charge of 管理 in comfort 舒适 in common with 与??一样 in common 有共同点 in despair 绝望 in disapproval 反对、不赞成 in fact 实际上 in favour of 喜爱 in front of 在??前面 in future 从今以后 in general 一般来说 in honour of 为了纪念??;为了欢 迎?? in hopes of doing 带着??的期望 in many ways 在不同方面

in memory of 纪念?? in modern times 当今 in one's (fifties) 在某人(50 多岁)时 in one's absence 在某人不在的时候 in one's judgement 某人认为?? in one's opinion 某人认为?? in one's search for 某人寻找?? in one's spare time 在某人的空闲时间 in one's way 挡某人的路 in order to do 为了?? in other words 换句话说 in pain 处于痛苦中 in particular 特别地 in person 亲自 in place of 代替 in place 在适当位置上 in practice 在实践中 in praise of sb. 为了赞颂??、 为了表 扬?? in reach 够得着 in return 回报 in search of 寻找?? in silence 沉默地、不作声地 in space 在太空 in spite of doing/sth. 尽管 in that case 如果那样的话 in that 因为、在??方面说 in the (1870)'s/(1870)s 在(19)世纪(70) 年代 in the beginning 在开始 in the case of sth./sb. 某人(事)的情况 in the dark 在暗处(光线弱,用于指地 点) in the direction of 向??方向 in the distance 在远方、在远处 in the early days 早期 in the fields of sth. 在??领域 in the following years 在接下来的几 年里 in the front of 在??内的最前面 in the future 在未来;在将来 in the hope of doing 带着??的期望 in the hospital 在医院里 in the last hour 在最后几个小时里(用 于现 在完成时) in the old days 过去的时候 in the past (ten) years 在最后(十)年里 (用于现在完成时)

in the same way 用相同的方法 in the sand 在沙子里 in the shade 在树阴下 in the years that followed 在接下来的 几年里 in the years to come 在未来几年里 in this way 用这种方法 in time 及时 in total 总计;一共 increase by 增加 insist (that) sb. (should) do 坚持要某人 做某事(虚拟语气) insist on doing/sth. 坚持?? insist that? 坚持说、坚持主张 intend for 为??准备 intend to do 打算去做 invite sb. to sp. 邀请??到?? It appears/appeared (to sb.) that? 对 某人来说好像?? It is (high) time (that) sb. did/should do 是该做??的时候了(虚拟语气) It is A not B? 是 A 不是 B(谓语动词 与 A 一致) It is a pleasure to do? 很高兴做某事 It is believed that? 人们相信?? It is better to do?than to do? (后者)比 (前者)好 It is certain that? ??是确定无疑的 It is hoped that? 人们希望?? It is important that? ??重要 It is known that? 人们知道?? It is likely that? ??有可能??(可 能性一般) It is necessary that? ??有必要 It is no use/good doing? 做??没有 用 It is no wonder that? ??毫无疑问。 /??是确定无疑的。 It is not any use/good doing? 做?? 没有用 It is one's turn to do sth. 轮到某人 做?? It is polite/impolite to do?. ??(不)礼 貌。 It is possible that? ??有可能?? (可能性最小) It is probable that? ??有可能?? (可能性最大) It is reported that? 据报道??

It is said that? 人们说?? It is suggested that? 人们建议?? It is tempting to conclude that? 我们 可以推出结论?? It is thought that? 人们认为?? It is up to sb.(to do) 由某人来决定 It is useless doing? 做??没有用 It is/was+被强调部分+连词+从句 (强 调句型) It is+adj.+of sb. =sb. is adj. 某人怎么样 It is+n.+for sb. to do sth. = To do sth. is n. for sb. 做某事对某人是?? It makes no difference. 没有什么区 别。 It occurred to sb. that? 某人忽然意识 到?? It seems that? 看起来?? It seems to sb.? 在某人看来?? It seems/looks/sounds as if/though? 看 起来(听起来)好像??(有虚拟语气形 式) It so happened that? 偶然地、碰巧 It turned out that? 好像??(接主语 从句) join in 参加(大型活动) join sb. in 参加??(接名词,表示活 动) judge by/from 以??来判断?? Judging by/from ? , ? 从??判 断,?? jump with joy 高兴地跳起来 keep (sb./sth.) away from 阻止、远离 keep a certain distance away 保持一定 距离 keep a strict eye on sb./sth. 密切地关 注?? keep as a young man 年轻时候 keep back ①阻止、阻挡、 使??后退 ②扣留、保留 keep fit 保持身体健康 keep good hours 保持良好的生活节奏 keep in touch with 与??保持联系 keep off 使??离开 keep on doing sth. 持续做某事 keep one's promise/words 遵守某人的 诺言 keep out 使??不进入 keep quiet 保持安静 keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事

keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做 某事 keep silent 保持沉默 keep sth. in check 阻止、防止、阻碍 keep the record 保持纪录 keep the rules 遵守规则 keep up 维持、保持(精神状态) key points 要点 kiss each other goodbye/hello 与某人 亲吻再见/问好 knock at/on the door/window 敲门、窗 knock down 绊倒 knock into sb. 撞见、突然碰见 knock over 撞翻 knock sb./sth. off? 把某人(物)从?? 撞掉 knock sth. into sth. 敲进?? knock sth. out of sth. 从??中敲出来 know about sb. 认识(听说过)某人 labour force 劳动力 land on its legs 用脚着地 land on 降落 lantern festival 元宵节(灯笼节) laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人 laugh sb. off one's fears 使某人发笑来 减轻恐惧 lay the person on his/her back 把一个 人仰卧平放在某处 lead a simple life 朴素地生活 lead to 引起、导致、带来 leave for sp. 到某地 leave sb. alone 把??留下 leave sb. doing 使人处于某种状态 leave sth. to chance ??靠运气、?? 听天由命 leave sth. to sb./sth. 把??留给?? leave the hotel by (the nearest exit) 从 (最近的出口)离开宾馆 let in 让??进来 let sb. down 让??失望 lie around 闲置、到处都是 lie in ①位于(内部) ②在于、源于 lie on ①与??接壤 ②(城市)位于 (河、湖、海边) lie on one's back 仰卧着 lie still 一直躺着 lie to 与??接壤或接近 light up 放光芒、放光彩 like doing 喜爱做(指经常发生)

like to do 愿意做(特指某一次) line up to 满足??的要求 listen for 等着听(钟声、节目等) live a simple life 朴素地生活 live in separate rooms 住在两个分离 的房间里 live on sth. 以??为生 load with 承载、负担 long before 很久以前(常用于一般过 去时、过去完成时) look by 旁观 look down upon 贱视、鄙视、看不起 look for ahead 向前看 look for 寻找 look forward(s) to doing/sth. 期待 look in 寻找 look into 调查研究 look on sb./sth. as 把??当作 Look out. 小心。 look over ①检查②视察 look sb./sth. up and down 仔 细 打 量?? look through 浏览 lose heart 失去信心 lose one's life/lives 丧命 lose one's sight 失明 lose one's temper 发脾气 lose one's way 迷路 lose touch with 与??失去联系 lose weight 减少体重 make (good) use of (正确地)使用 make a (phone) call 打电话 make a choice 作出选择 make a decision 下决心 make a fire 生火 make a fool of oneself 出丑、丢脸 make a fresh start 作出一个新的开始 make a fun of sb. 对某人开玩笑 make a good effort 作出很大的努力 make a hit 受??欢迎 make a part in 在??起作用 make a plan for 为??制订计划 make a promise 许下诺言 make a search for 寻找 make a trip (因公)旅行 make an effort to do 努力去做 make arrangements 做安排 make contributions to sth./doing 为??做出贡献

make ends meet oneself 维持生计 make for 朝??冲去 make no answer 不回答 make noise 发出噪音 make one's living (by doing) (以??)谋 生 make one's way 开辟道路 make out 辨认出 make progress 取得进步 make room for sb. 给某人留个地方 make sb./sth. do/done/adj./n. 使 ?? 、让??(如名词做宾补,则 仅指职位) make sense of sth. 使??变得明确 make sth. into sth. 把??变成?? make sth. out of sth. 用??做?? make sth. to one's own measure 按某人 身材做(衣服等) make sth./sp. the base for sth. 把?? 作为??的基地 Make sure(certain) that? 确信?? (祈使句) make up ①编造 ②和好 ③凑足 (钱)、使??完整 ④构成、组成 ⑤ 打扮 make up one's mind (to do) 下决心(去 做) make use of sth. 使用、利用??去做 某事 manage to do 设法做成?? man-made project/satellite 人造工程/卫 星 many a 不只一个(接可数名词单数, 谓语动词用单数) many happy returns of the day 每天都 快乐 marry A to B 把 A 嫁(娶)给 B may/might have done 可能做完了(某 事) mean doing 意味着?? mean that 意味着??(接从句) mean to do 打算?? meet one's needs/demands/requirements 满足某人的需求 meet the demands/needs/requirements of sb. 满足某人的需求 meet the standard of 满足??的要求 meet with ①碰见、偶然遇见 ②符 合、迎合、契合

mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起?? mention to sb. sth. 向某人提起?? middle ages 中世纪 mix A with B 用 B 与 A 混合 mix sb. up sth. 把某人卷入某事中 more than one 不只一个(接可数名词 单数,谓语动词用单数) move around 绕着??来回转 much interesting 更有趣 much less expensive 更便宜 much too 太(接形容词) must have done 一定做完了(某事) must/might be doing 一定在??(对正 在发生的情况推测) must/might have been doing 一定是一 直 在??(对发生在过去,现在仍在进行 的情况进行推测) name out 说出 name plate 标牌、胸卡 named after 以??命名 natural gift 天赋 need doing/to be done 需要(被)?? need have done 本 来 用 做 的 ( 却 没 做)(虚拟语气) need sb. to do 需要某人去做?? needn't have done 本来不用做的(却做 了)(虚拟语气) neither A nor B 既不是 A 也不是 B(谓 语动词就近一致) next to 紧挨着、靠近 no better than 与??一样差 no later than 不迟于 no longer 不再(表动作或状态) no matter how = however 不管、不论 (引导让步状语从句) no matter what = whatever 不管什么(引 导让步状语从句) no matter when = whenever 不管什么 时候(引导让步状语从句) no matter where = wherever 不管在哪 里(引导让步状语从句) no matter who = whoever 不管谁(引导 让步状语从句) no more than ①两者都不?? ②只 有、仅 no more 不再(表次数) no more?that? 两者都不?? No sooner ? than ? 一 ? ? 就 ? ?

(部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装) no wonder 怪不得、难怪 Nobody but A? 除了 A 以外没有人 (谓语动词与 nobody 一致,用单数) nod to 向??点头 not a bit 一点也不 Not A but B? 不是 A 而是 B??(谓 语动词与 B 一致) not a little 很、非常 not all 不都 not any longer 不再(表动作或状态) not any more 不再(表次数) not both 不都 Not only A but (also) B? 不但 A,而 且 B??(谓语动词与 B 一致) Not only?, but also? 不仅 ?? , 而且??(部分倒装句式,前句倒装后 句不倒装) Not until ? did ? 直 到 ? ? 才 ? ? (部分倒装句式,前句不倒装后句倒装) not?at all 一点也不 not?in the least 一点也不 not?other than 没有??,除了?? nothing but/except 除了??没有别的 notice sb./sth. do 注意??做过?? notice sb./sth. doing 注意??正 在?? notice sb./sth. done 注意??被?? now and then 有时;不时地 now that 既然(引导原因状语从句) obey the rules 遵守规则 object to sth./doing 反对、不赞成 of one's own 属于某人自己的 of oneself 自动地、自己就?? of+no/great+interest/help/value/use/impo rtant/?+to sb. ??对某人(没)有?? offer (sb.) money for sth. 出价、买 offer (sb.) sth. for money 要价、卖 offer sb. sth. 提供??给某人 offer sth. to sb. 提供??给某人 offer to do 提出要做?? Olympic Games 奥林匹克运动会 on (the) television 从电视上 on arrival 一到那里 on average 平均 on condition that 以??为条件 On doing??,?? 一??就??(后 接从句) on earth ①在地球上 ②究竟

on one's arrival 在某人抵达的路上 on one's feet 走路 on one's own 自己、靠自己 on one's way to sp. 在某人去??的路 上 on purpose 故意的、特意的 on sale 正在出售 on the (west) coast of some country 在 某国(西)海岸 on the contrary 相反 on the earth 在地球上 on the edge of 在??的边缘 on the left 在左边 on the other side 另一边 on the radio 从收音机里 on the right 在右边 on the sands 在沙滩上 on the two sides 两边 on the whole 整体上 on time 准时、按时 once a while 有时、偶尔 once again 再次、又一次 once in a while 偶尔、有时 once more 再次、又一次 once upon a time 很久以前 one after another 一个接一个 one and a half years 一年半 one another 互相、彼此 one day 某一天 one person in ten 十个人中有一个 one person out of ten 十个人中有一个 one such+n. 这样一个??(名词用单 数) one's attitude to/towards sth. 某 人 对??的态度 one-sided view 片面的看法 only to find 结果却发现 only/but/all too pleased/happy/thankful to do 做??太高兴/感谢了 operate on sb. 给某人做手术 operation on sp. 在某位置动手术 opposite direction 相反方向 or rather 或者说、更进一步说 order (that) sb. (should) do 命令某人应 该做某事(虚拟语气) ought not to have done 不应该做(却做 了) ought to have done 应该做(却没做) out of breath 上气不接下气

out of one's reach 够不着 out of order 坏了、无秩序、乱放 out of the reach of sb. 某人够不到 over and over again 一次又一次、 再三 over the radio 从收音机里 over the years 这几年里 owe one's success to sb. 把某人的成功 归功于别人 owe one's thanks to sb. 感谢某人 owe sb. sth. 欠某人某物 owe sth. to sb. 把??归于?? pass away 病故、病逝 pass down 继承、传下去 pass on a message to sb. 给(收信人)留 /传个信 pass on 传递 pass the exam 考试及格 pay (special/little/much) attention to sth./doing 对??(特别/不/很)注意 pay a visit to sp. 游览、参观某地 pay back the money 还钱 pay money for sth. 付??的钱 pay off the money/debt 还清钱/债务 pay one's way 付??的路费 permit doing/sb. to do 允许(某人)做某 事 persist in 坚持(行动等)、固执己见 personal affairs 私事 persuade sb. (not) to do 说服某人(不) 去做 persuade sb. into doing 说服某人去做 persuade sb. out of doing 说服某人不去 做 pick on 挑选;挑剔 pick out 挑选 pick up ① 捡 起 ② 接 收 ( 广 播 等 ) ③接某人④学会 ⑤挑选 ⑥购买 plan a bicycle trip 计划一次自行车旅 行 plan to do 计划做?? play a joke with sb. 对某人开玩笑 play a part in 在??起作用 play a trick on sb. 对某人开玩笑 play against sb. 与??比赛 play on words 语言游戏 play the part of sb. 演??的角色 plenty of 大量(接可数、不可数名词) pocket money 零用钱、零花钱 point at 指??(人)(有不礼貌的含义)

point of view 观点 point out 指出 point to 指向?? pour in 倾倒 power failure 停电 practise sth./doing 练习?? prefer doing? to doing? 比起做(后 者)宁愿做(前者) prefer sb. to do? 想让某人去做?? prefer sth. to sth. (前者)比起(后者)更好 prefer to do? 比起??更愿意?? prefer to do ? rather than do ? 比 起??更愿意?? prepare oneself for 为??作准备(接 抽象事物) pretend to be doing 假装正在做?? pretend to do 假装?? prevent sb./sth. from doing 阻止??做 某事 promise (sb.) to do 承诺做某事 promise sb. sth. 把??借给某人 promise sth. to sb. 把??借给某人 propose (that) sb. (should) do 建议某 人应该做某事(虚拟语气) protect sb./sth. from being done/sth. 保 护??免于 prove sb. to be 证实某人?? provide sb. with sth. 为某人提供?? provide sth. to sb. 为某人提供?? pull on 匆忙穿上 purified water 纯净水 push over 推倒 (xe。) 。 put a question 提出问题 put a stop to sth. 停止、结束?? put a tax on sth. 设??税 put aside 放一边、置之不理 put away ①收拾、整理 ②打消?? (念头) put down ①写下、记下 ②伤心 put forward 提出、传出 put off ①推迟 ②去除 put on airs 忘乎所以、飘飘然 put on performances 演出 put on weight 增加体重 put on 穿、戴 put one's heart into 用心于??、专心 于?? put out the fire 扑灭火 put sb. in/into prison 把某人关进监狱

put sb. through to sb. 将电话接到?? put sb. to death 打死?? put sb. to the trouble of doing 麻烦某 人做某事 put sth. into/in practice 投入(运用于) 实践 put through 使??通过、完成 put up ①搭建、 建立 ②张贴 ③ 留某人住 put up with 忍受 quantities of 大量(接可数、不可数名 词,谓语动词用复数) quite a few 许多 quite a lot of 许多 rain drop 雨滴 raise a cheer 发出欢呼 raise a question 提出问题 range from sth. to sth. 包 括 从 ? ? 到?? reach an agreement 达成共识 read between the lines 体会字里行间的 意思 read for sb. 给某人读 read one's thoughts 读懂某人(的心思) read sb. sth. 给某人读?? read sth. to sb. 给某人读?? read through 浏览、看完 read well 读得好 receive (his doctor's) degree 获得(博士) 学位 reduce sb./sth. to sth./doing 使??沦 落为、降格为 refer to ①指的是 ②指到、说到、提 及、谈到 refer to sth. as 把??看作 regard sb./sth. as 当作、认为 regret doing 悔恨做过?? regret to do 后悔去?? rely on sb. 依赖某人 remain in business 继续营业 remain in poor health 身体不好 remember doing 想起来做过 remember sb. to sb. 让某人记住某人 remember to do 想起来该做 remind sb. of sth./sb. 让某人想起??、 提醒某人?? remind sb. that 提醒某人?? reply that? 回答说 reply to 答复

report sth. to sb. 向某人汇报?? report to sb. sth. 向某人汇报?? request (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人 应该做某事(虚拟语气) require (that) sb. (should) do 要求某人 应该做某事(虚拟语气) require doing/to be done 要求(被)?? require to do sth. 请求?? rest room 厕所 result from 由于 result in 导致 return sth. to sb. 把??归还?? return to normal 复原 return to sp. 回到?? right away 马上、立刻 right now 马上、立刻 ring back 回电话 ring off 挂断(电话) rob sb. of sth. 抢某人的?? rot away 腐烂 round the clock 昼夜地 run about 到处跑 run around 到处跑 run at a speed of sth. 以??的速度前 进 run at top speed 全速前进 run in 追捕 run off 跑开、跑掉 run out of sth. ??用光了 run out 用尽 run short 短缺 rush hour 交通拥挤时间 safe and sound 安然无恙 satisfy one's needs/demands/requirements 满足某人 的需求 save sth. for 节约、节省 say hello to sb. 向某人问好 say to oneself 心里想 sb. be determined to do 下决心去?? sb. be encouraged to do sth. 某人被鼓 励?? sb. be familiar with sth. 某人对??熟 悉 sb. be forced to do 某人被强迫?? sb. be likely to do 很可能?? sb. be married to sb. 与??结婚 sb. be not oneself 某人状态不好 sb. be pleased to do?/at doing? 很高

兴?? sb. be pleased with sth. 对??感到高 兴、满意 sb. be said to do 某人将要?? sb. be supplied with sth. 某 人 被 提 供?? sb. be supposed to do 某人应该去做 sb. be supposed to have done 某人本 来应该做(却没做) sb. be sure/certain of(about) sth./doing 某人对做某事有把握 sb. be sure/certain to do 某人一定会 做?? sb. be thought of/as ??被当作 sb. be used to doing/sth. 习惯于??、 适应?? sb. be wanted on the phone 某人打来电 话 sb. do so/such?as to do 某人做得?? 是为了?? sb. end sth. with sth. 某人以??结 束?? sb. find sth. (hard) to do 某人发现(很难) 做某事 sb. get used to doing/sth. 习惯于??、 适应 sb. happen to do 某人恰好做某事 sb. have been married for (3 years) ?? 已经结婚(3 年)了 sb. have no doubt that? 某人对?? 不容怀疑 sb. have sth. for breakfast/lunch/supper 早/午/晚饭吃?? sb. knock oneself against sth. 某人撞 到??上 sb. need sth. done 某人需要某事物被 做 sb. seems to do/to have done 某人好像 做(完)某事 sb. used to do 过去常常 sb. wonder if/whether? 某人想知道 是否?? sb. would prefer to do? 宁愿去做 Scarcely?when? 还没??就?? (部分倒装句式,前句倒装后句不倒装) scores of (people) 一群(人) search for sb./sth. 寻找?? search sp. for sb./sth. 在??寻找?? seat oneself 坐在??

see about 考虑 see around 四处看、环顾 see New Year in 等待新年到来(单用) see off ①送行 ②发出邀请 see out 把??送出去 see over 检查 see sb. seated there 看见某人坐在那 儿 see sb. sitting there 看见某人坐在那 儿 see sb./sth. do/doing/done 看 见 某 人 做?? see to 负责、照料 seek for 寻找 seek the sun 赶潮流 seem to be+n./adj. 好像?? seem to do? 好像?? self-trust 自信 sell well 卖得好 send away ①派遣 ②开除、解雇 send back 退还 send for ①派人去请 ②邮购(不可分) ③送某人 send in 请进、领进 send off ①送行 ②寄信 ③发出邀 请 send one's love/wishes/regards 给某人 的?? send out ①派出 ②发出(气味、光 线、声音等) ③寄出(邀请、通知等) ④发芽 send round/around 传递、传阅 send up 使??上升;发射 sentence sb. to death 判某人死刑(常用 被动) separate A from B 将 A 和 B 分开 set a good example to sb. 给某人树立了 好榜样 set about doing 开始去做 set aside 放一边、置之不理 set fire to sth. 给??放火 set in 局限于 set off for sp. 到某地 set out for sp. 出发去某地 set out to do 开始去做 set phrases 固定短语 set sb. free 把??释放 set up a record 创立纪录 set up for sp. 到某地

set up 建立组织(团体、机构等) settle down 定居、安居 settle oneself 使某人自己稳定下来 settle the problem 解决问题 shake hands with sb. 与??握手 share sth. with sb. 与某人共享 shift round the clock 倒班、轮换值班 shock the whole world 震惊全世界 shoot at 朝??射击,瞄准 should have done 应该做(却没做)(虚 拟语气) shouldn't have done 不 应 该 做 ( 却 做 了)(虚拟语气) shout at sb. 向某人喊(有不礼貌的含 义) shout to sb. 向某人喊 show (sb.) around 带某人参观 show (sb.) in 带进、领进 show (sb.) out 带出、领出 show off 夸耀、显示 show one's respect to sb. 向某人表达敬 意、尊敬某人 since then 从此以后(用现在完成时) sing high praise for 高度评价 slip out 悄悄地溜出去 smooth away 摆脱、去除 so as to do 为了?? So far as I know/see, ? 据我所 知,?? so far 至今为止 so few mistakes 这么少的错误 So it is/was with sb.. ??是这样。 (用于 指某人具有两方面不同情况) So it is/was. ??是这样。 So long. (口语)再见。 so that 以便(接从句) so?that? 太??以致??(接从句) solve the problem 解决问题 some day 某一天 some one 某个人/物 some time 一段时间 some times 几次 someone else's (book) 别人的(书) something as follows 需要以下东西 sooner or later 迟早 speak highly of sb. 高度评价某人、 夸耀 某人 speak in a high/low voice 大(小)声说话 speak into the telephone 通电话

speed up 加速 spend time in doing 在做??上花费 时间(doing 为现在分词) spend time on sth./doing 在??上花费 时间(doing 为动名词) spit out 吐出 stand for 代表、表示 stand still 一直站着 stare at 盯着 start a fire 生火 start doing 开始(继续)做(刚做过的事) start for sp. 到某地 start to do 开始做(另一件事) stay silent 保持沉默 stay still 一直呆着 stay up 挺立;熬夜 step by step 一步一步地 step into 走到??(内部) step onto 走到??(表面) sth. be being built ??正在建设 sth. be beyond question 毫无疑问 sth. be considered (to be) ??被??看 作 sth. be familiar to sb. 某人对??熟悉 sth. be in question ??在考虑范围之 内 sth. be on sale ??正被出售 sth. be out of question 毫无疑问 sth. be out of the question 不可能的、 不 合情理的 sth. be supplied to sb. 某物被提供 给?? sth. be taken for ①被当作、被看作 ②误认为?? sth. be to the taste 适合??的口味、 品味 sth. be used as ??被当作 sth. be used for ??被用作 sth. be used to do ??被用来做 sth. closed with sth. 以??结束?? sth. cost sb. some money ??花某人多 少钱 sth. determine sb. to do ??使某人下 决心做某事 sth. do/does/did not help ??不起作用 sth. had not done?when 某事还没做 多久时?? sth. happen to sb. 某人遇到某事 sth. last sb. some time 维持多长时间

sth. stand on end 直立、挺立 stick in 陷进??、困入?? stick to 坚持(信念、观点、原则、决 定、计划、诺言);粘上 stop doing 停止做某事 stop sb./sth. (from) doing 阻止??做 某事 store up 贮藏、储藏 strictly speaking 严格地说 strike a match 划一根火柴 struggle against 与??作斗争、与?? 交战 struggle for sth. 为了??而斗争 struggle to one's feet 挣扎着站起来 struggle with 与??作斗争、与??交 战 succeed in doing sth. 做??成功 such as 就像、比如 suffer from 遭受 suggest (that) sb. (should) do 建议某人 应该做某事(虚拟语气) suggest doing?/sth. 建议(做)?? suggest sth. to sb. 建议某人做某事 suggest that? 表明、暗示 suggest to sb. sth. 建议某人做某事 suit his act to the needs of the (students) 使他的行为适合(学生)的要求 supply sb. with sth. 将??供应给?? supply sth. to sb. 将??供应给?? suppose sb. to be 猜想某人会?? suppose sb. to do 猜想某人会做?? suppose that? 猜想?? swim to sp. 向??游 switch off 切断(电源开关等) take (an active) part in (积极地)参加 take a boat from across the (lake) 从 (湖)的对面搭一艘船 take a deep breath 深呼吸 take a message for sb. 为(发信人)留个 信 take a message to sb. 给(收信人)留/传 个信 take a rest 休息 take a seat 坐下 take a taxi 找出租车、打的 take a trip (因私)旅行 take after ①长得像 ②追赶(美国英 语) take along 携带

take another two pills 再吃两粒药 take around 带人参观 take aside 把人带到一边 take away 拿走 take back ①拿回 ②退缩 take care 小心 take control of 控制 take down ①写下、记下 ②拿下 take from 从??取得 take in ①欺骗 ②收留 ③吸入、拿 进来 take it easy ①别紧张、 放松 ②掉以轻 心 take it for granted that? 认为??是理 所当然的 take measures 采取措施 take no notice of 没有注意 take notes 做记录 take notice that 把 ? ? 列 入 考 虑 、 对??注意 take off ①起飞 ②脱下 ③离开 take office 就职 take on ①呈现、 显现 ②雇佣 ③承 担(工作) take one's attention 吸引某人注意 take one's exam 某人考试 take one's leave 离开 take one's time 不着急、慢慢来 take out (of sp.) (从??)拿出 take over ①继承 ②接管 take photographs of sb./sth. 给??拍 照片 take pity/mercy on sb./sth. 怜 悯 ( 可 怜)?? take place 发生 take pride in 以??自豪 take sb. up to sp. 带某人去某地 take sb./sth. seriously 认真对待?? take sides in 参加、参与 take sides with 站在??一边 take sth. as 把??看作 take sth. for ①当作、看作 ②误认 为?? take sth. for granted 认为??是理所 当然的 take sth./sb. for ①把??当作(看作) ②误认为??是 take sth./sb./doing for example 把?? 做例

子 take the place of 取代、代替 take this street/road 走这条街(路) take to ①喜爱 ②养成(某种恶习) take turns at doing 轮流做?? take turns to do sth. 轮流做?? take two more pills 再吃两粒药 take up ①占据(时间、空间) ②拿起 ③跟着别人说 ④从事 talk of 谈到 talk to oneself 自己对自己说 talking of 谈起、谈到 tear oneself away from 爱不释手 tell lies/a lie 说谎 tell the difference between A and B 区分 A 和 B 的不同 tend to do 倾向 tens of thousands of 成千上万的(加可 数名词复数) than before 比以前 than usual 比平时 thanks for 多亏了 thanks to 幸亏、由于 That is (to say),? 也就是说,?? the answer/key to the question 问题的 答案 the attitude to/towards sth. 对??的态 度 the ban on sth./doing ??的禁令 the cost of living 生活的花费 the damage to 对??的毁坏 the entrance to sp. ??的入口 the first time 第一次(引导时间状语从 句) the first+n.+to do 第一次做 the key to doing 解决??的关键 the key to the door 门钥匙 the last sentence but one 倒数第二句 the level of the sea 海平面 the lines of the play 戏剧的台词 the majority of+c.n.pl. 大多数的?? (接可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数) the majority 大多数人(谓语动词单复 数均可) the minute 这一分钟(引导时间状语从 句) the moment 这一刻(引导时间状语从 句) the more?, the more? 越 ?? ,

越??(more 指形容词比较级) the number of the ??的数量(接可数 名词复数;谓语动词用单数) the other day (不久前)有一天 the other 另一个(有范围) the others 其余全部(有范围) the reason for sth. ??的原因 The reason why ? is that ? 之所 以??是因为?? the rest of 剩下的 the road to sp. 到??的路 the same as 与??一样 the second 这一秒(引导时间状语从 句) the students' union 学生会 the talk 话题 the two of sb. 两个人都?? the very thing 就是那个东西 the way to sp. ??的路 There is no doubt that? 毫无疑问?? /??是确定无疑的。 There is no need for sb. to do? 对某 人没有必要?? There is no need to do? 没有必要?? There is no point in doing sth. 做??没 有意义 There is no trouble in doing?. 做?? 没有困难。 There seem(s) to be? 看起来?? There used to be? 过去曾经有?? There's no need for sb. to do?. 对某人 没有必要做某事 think about 考虑 think highly of 高度评价、夸耀 think of sb. as 把??当作 think of sth./sb./doing ①想到 ②考 虑 think over 仔细想 think sb./sth. (to be) +n./adj. 认为某人 (物)?? think well of sb. 对??评价很高 through the street 穿街过巷 throughout the world 全世界 throw away 扔掉 throw up 呕吐 tie A to B 把 A 绑到 B 上 time and time again 一次又一次 time to do 是做??的时候了 to do what 怎么去做(作主语)

to one's joy/delight 令 ? ? 高 兴 的 是?? to one's surprise 令??惊奇的是?? to oneself 对自己 to tell the truth 说句实话 to the joy/delight of sb. 令人高兴 too many 太多(接可数名词复数) too much ①太多(接不可数名词) ② 太多的事(作主语) track down 侦察、追察 trade in sth. 进行、从事??贸易 trade sth. for sth. 为了获得??而出 卖?? trade sth. with sb. 与某人交易?? translate?into? 将(一种语言)翻译成 (另一种语言) treat sb./sth. as if/though 对待 ?? 好像??(有虚拟语气形式) treat sth. as 把??看作 trust in 信仰(宗教等) try doing 尝试去做 try one's best to do 尽某人最大的努力 做?? try one's fortune 试运气 try to do 努力去做 turn a blind eye to 对??视而不见、熟 视无睹 turn a deaf ear to 对??听而不闻、置 若罔闻 turn against 背叛 turn away 转身 turn down ①调小声 ②拒绝 turn for the worse 越来越坏了 turn into 变成 turn off 关闭 turn on 打开 turn out (to be)+adj./n. 结果是 turn out 出来 turn over 翻动、翻转 turn sth. into 把??变成 turn to sb. (for help) 向某人求助 turn to 把(注意力)转向?? turn up ①调大声 ②出现 turn yellow/green/? 变黄(绿、??) two shoe stores 两家鞋店 two women doctors 两个女医生 under control 受控制 under management 受控制 under one's direction 在某人的指导下

under the pressure 在压力之下 until recently 直到最近 upside down 颠倒着(作状语) use up 用尽 Used sb. to do sth.? 某人过去常常 做??吗? using ability 使用的能力 wait for sb. (to do) 等待某人(做??) wake up 叫醒、唤醒 want doing/to be done 想要(被)?? want sb. to do 想让某人去做 warn sb. not/never to do 警告某人不 要做?? warn sb. of sth. 向某人发出对??的 警报 wash away (水)冲走 wash out 冲洗干净 wash well 洗得好 Watch out. 小心。 water closet 厕所 wave hello/goodbye to sb. 与某人握手 问好/道别 wave sb. hello/goodbye 与某人握手问 好/道别 way of life 生活方式 wear out ①穿坏了 ②消耗掉了、筋 疲力尽 What a shame to do sth.! ??多么令人 感到可耻! What did sb. use to do? 某人过去常常 做什么? What do you mean by the sentence? 你 这句话什么意思? What the hell is that! 什么鬼地方! 什么 玩意儿! What time is it by your watch? 你的表 几点钟了? what to do 怎么去做(作宾语) What's going on? 正在发生什么事? what's more 更多的是;另外 What's the population of sp.? ??人口 是多少? What's up? 发生了什么事? when and where 何时何地(谓语动词 用单数) whether ? or ? 不管 Why don't you do?? 为什么不??? Why not do?? 为什么不??? win a majority 赢得大多数的(承认、同

意、支持等) wind one's way 蜿蜒前行、迂回前进 wind sth. around sth. 把 ? ? 缠 绕 在??上 wind the clock/watch 上(钟表的)发条 wipe out 杀光 wish for sth. 希望得到??

四个连对也包括。有气无声清辅 音, 有声无气浊辅音,发音特点应掌 握。 非谓语动词的一些特殊用法后只 接不定式作宾语的一些常用特殊 谓语动词 动词后,不定式,want, hope 和 wish, agree, decide, mean, manage, promise, expect, pretend,且说两位算在 此, 要记牢, 要记住, 掌握它们靠自己。

不作“宾”和“主”, 动名作“状”可不行。 二词皆可作 定语, 混为一谈不允许, 主谓关系 视分词,“动名”一词无此义。 现在分词形式及在句子中的作用 (包括过去分词的作用): 现在分词真好记,动词后面 ING。 它的作用真不小,可以充当定状 表。 还有宾语补足语,忘记此项不可 以。 分词做定语的位置及其它 “定分”位置有二条, 词前词后定 分晓。 单个分词在词前,有时此规有颠 倒。 分词短语在词后, “定从”和它互 对照。 “现分”动作进行时, “过分”动 作完成了。 (注:“定分”:做定语的分词; “定从”:定语从句;“现分”: 现在分词; “过分”: 过去分词。 ) 分词做状语在句子中所表示的意 义 分词做状语,概有七意义。“ 时间”和“原因”,“结果”与 “目的”。 “方式”加“伴随”, “条件”常 出席。 且谈其主语,谓语头前的*。 欲要记住它,必须常练习。(*指 句子的主语) 独立主格结构 独立结构要认清: 名、 代之后副或 形。 或是分词或“介短”,with 结构 不可轻, 名代二词是其“主”, 句子结构必 分明 独立结构好掌握 句中作用只一 个: 千变万化皆做“状”, 其中意义也 不多。 “时间”“条件”和“原因”, “方式”“伴随”没别的。

be 的用法口诀 我用 am,你用 are,is 连着他, 她,它; 单数名词用 is,复数名词全用 are。 变疑问, 往前提, 句末问号莫丢弃。 变否定,更容易,be 后 not 莫忘 记。 疑问否定任你变,句首大写莫迟 疑。 时间名词前所用介词的速记歌 年月周前要用 in,日子前面却不 行。 遇到几号要用 on,上午下午又是 in。 要说某日上下午, on 换 in 才能 用 行。 午夜黄昏须用 at,黎明用它也不 错。 at 也用在明分前,说“差”可要 用上 to, 说“过”只可使用 past,多说多 练牢牢记, 莫让岁月空蹉跎。 记住 f(e)结尾的名词复数 妻子持刀去宰狼,小偷吓得发了 慌; 躲在架后保己命,半片树叶遮目 光。 巧记 48 个国际音标 单元音共十二,四二六前中后。 双元音也好背,合口集中八个整。 辅音共计二十八,八对一清又七 浊,

英语学习小窍门
后接动词不定式做宾语补足语省 略不定式符号“to”的一些常用 特殊动词 一些动词要掌握,have, let 和 make, 此三动词是使役,“注意”“观 察”“听到”see, 还有 feel 和 watch,使用它们要 仔细, 后接“宾补”略去“to”, 此点千 万要牢记 除此之外,还可以掌握“八字 言”, 一感 feel,二听 hear, listen to, 三让 have, let, make,四看 see, look at, observe, watch 后只接动名词做宾语的一些常用 特殊动词 特殊动词接“动名”, 使用它们要 记清, “放弃”“享受”可“后悔”, “坚持”“练习”必“完成”, “延期”“避免”非“介意” 掌握它们今必行。 动名词在句中的功能及其它 “动名”语法其功能, 名词特征有 动、形,主宾表定都可作,“动 名”、 “现分”要认清, “现分”

“状从”和其前三个, 可以互变不 难学。 英语分数巧记 英语分数不费事, “母序子基”四 个字。 分子若是大于一,分母还须加-s。 字母“oo”读音歌 “oo”发[u:]最常见, 非重音中要 短念。 字母“k”前不能长,“好脚站木 羊毛”短。 “血”与“水灾”真特殊, “oo” 读[Λ ]细分辨。 “oo”加“r”读作[ ], “poor” 读[ ]好可怜。 注:“好脚站木”即: good,foot,stood,wood 第二句也可以是:“d、k 之前 oo 短,“foot”、“food”恰相反。 1.长音: bloom,boot,cool,foot,moon,roo t,school,soon,too,troop,room, zoo 2.弱读短: classroom,schoolroom,workroom ,bedroom,boyhood 3.k 前短: book,brook,cook,look,shook,to ok 4.[ ]:door,floor “I Drop Caps” 在某些表示请求、 命令、 建议等动 词后面的宾语从句中, 谓语动词要 用动词原形或 should+动词原形。 I—insist, d—denand, r—request/require/recommend, o—order, p—propo 巧辨只在一 言中 1.Her elder sister is three years older than she. 她姐姐比她大三岁。 2.He looked around,but saw nothing. 他环顾四周,什么也没看见。 3.He listened,but could hear nothing. 他侧耳细听,什么也没听到。

4.The old man raised his head,facing the rising sun. 老人抬起头,面对冉冉升起的太 阳。 5.He is very interested in the interesting film. se, c—command, a—advise, p—preqersic, s—suggest 他对那个有趣的片子很感兴趣。 6.He received his invitation but didn't accept it. 他收到了请柬,但没有接受。 7.Will you lend me the book you borrowed from the library yesterday? 把你昨天从图书馆借的那本书给 我看看好吗? 8.They planted a few trees,but few of them are alive. 他们种了几棵树,但没几棵成活 的。 9.He asked me for a little ink,but I had little myself. 他向我要一点墨水, 可我自己的墨 水也没多少。 10.Do you speak everyday English every day? 你天天讲日常英语吗? 11.Sometimes I spend some time on novels. 有时,我花点时间看小说。 12.Eleetricety was not discovered by Edison,but he invented the electric light. 电不是爱迪生发现的, 但他发明了 电灯。 13.Nothing is permitted,everything is allowed. 一切都有不(明文)准许,但也不 (明文)禁止。 14.Both of them went out but neither came back. 他们两个人都出去了, 但一个也没 回来。 15.English is fairly useful,but it is rather

difficult to learn. 英语相当有用,但相当难学。 巧记英文信封的写法 A.可以记住汉字“尖”字, 先写小 地名,再写大地名。 B.将竖式汉文写法的信封, 按顺时 针方向旋至水平位置。 这样, 地址 的排列顺序恰巧是英文信封的书 写格式。 巧记家庭成员 爹 father 娘 mother 哥哥弟弟 brother 姐姐妹妹 sister. long before 和 before long long 在前(long before),“很 久前”, long 在后(before long),“不久后”。 巧记 lie 和 lay 躺 lie,lay,lain,lie in bed again; 撒谎 lie,lied,lied,don't be a liar; 产蛋 lay,laid,laid,a hen laid an egg; 放置 A loy picked it up,and laid it in the bag. 开、闭音节歌 开音节,音节开, 一元字母在后排; 不怕一辅堵后门, 还有哑 e 在门外。 (拍手念)a,e,o,u,i 就读 a,e,o,u,i 闭音节,音节闭, 一元字母生闷气; 辅音字母堵后门, 一元字母音短急。 (拍手念)a,e,o,u,i 要读[ ] out of question 和 out of the question 无 the“无问题”,(毫无疑问) 有 the“有问题”,(不可能) ie 和 ei 歌 e-i 和 i-e,两者都可读作[i:]

i 总要走在前,除非前面是个 c (ceiling,believe,field,receiv e,piece) 基数词变序数词歌 基变序,有规律 词尾加上-ed(fourth,sixth) 一、二、三,特殊例, 结尾字母 t,d,d(first,second,third) 八去 t,九去 e,(eighth,ninth) ve 要用 f 替;(fifth,twelfth) ty 将 y 改成 i, th 前面有个 e。 若是碰到几十几, 前用基来后用序。 巧记以-o 结尾加-es 的词 A.“两人两菜” (hero,negro,potato,tomato) B.一句话 Negroes and heroes like to eat potatoes and tomatoes C。 有生命的加 Es, 无生命的加-s. 巧记不规则名词单变复 男女脚步牙鹅,老鼠加虱婆。 man-men; woman-women; foot-feet; tooth-teeth; goose-geese; mouse-mice; louse-lice. WITHSPEM 有些动词用过去完成时,常表示 “想做而未做”的意思。 可巧记其 首字为组成的 “withspem”,代表: wish,intend,think,hope,suppos e,plan,expect,mean Fanboys 要求前后 对称的词语,包括可有 并列连词,其中最常见的是 for,and,nor,but,or,get,so 为 了便于记忆,可将其首字母连成 “fanboys”.(此外,还有 both...and,neither...nor,not only...but also,以及表示比较 的词语 than,as...as,not

so ...as,prefer...to,nather than 等 从句之要素 从语法结构的角度看, 任何从句都 有三个要素,即时态与主句要响 应, 关联词使用要恰当, 主要结构 不倒装。 规则动词加 Ed 的读音 清读[t],浊元[d] t、d 后面读[id] 一句话记名词所有格的构成分式 和用法 The children's teacher asked a friend of tom's to bring him some students' books on the first day of the month. 一句话记清辅音浊化 Some youths are walking along the paths to have baths in the houses with something in their mouths. 加-ing 要双写的常见动词 一个 m,两个 d 和 g (swim) (nod,rid) (dig,beg) 三 n,四 p,十个 t (run,win,begin) (dip,drop,mop,stop) (sit,hit,fit,set,get,let,put, regret,forget,pat) (下加线的词,构成过去式、过去 分词时,也须双写尾字母) 五种基本句型歌 英语句子万万千,五大句型把线 牵。 句型种类为动词,后接什么是关 键; 系词后面接表语;vi 独身无牵连; vt 又可分三类,单宾双宾最常见, 还有宾语补足语;各种搭配记心 间。 五种基本句型: 1.主语+系动词+表语 2.主语+不及物动词

3.主语+及物动词+宾语 4.主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足 语 5.主语+及物动词+宾语 1+宾语 2 对划线部分提问的程序 一代(用疑问词代替划线部分), 二移(把疑问词移至句首) 三倒 (颠倒主谓语, 但对主语或其 定语提问时除外) 四抄(照抄其它部分) 直接引语转换为间接引语时人称 代词转换规律 一从主 He said to Tom,“I can help them.” He said to Tom that he could help them. 二从宾 He said to her,“You can help them.” He told her that she could help them. 三不变 He said to Tom,“They can help them.” He told Tom that they could help them. 祈使句变为间接引语的规律 一改 (主句谓语动词) 二变 (呼语为间接宾语) 三加 (to) 四去 (please) 不带 to 的不定式作宾补 不定式,不带 to,九个动词要记 住, 一听(hear)二看(see,watch) 三感觉 (feel,notice,observe) , make,let 和 have; 作宾补,是秃头;当主补时要带 to. before 和 ago 巧记 before 带在点之前, 总在段之 ago 后。 before 时态不确定,过去时中用 ago。 be 在现在时中与人称的搭配 我是 am,你是 are,is 跟随着他,

她,它。 复数后面用什么,统统都是一个 are。 肯定句变疑问句口诀 “是,情,助”,移向前, 主语其后把身安, 一般,现在,与过去, do,does,did 添在前, 再改谓语为 原形。 最后要把问号点。 be made of 和 be made from 巧 记 物质不变用 of,物质变化 from,如 果物质不明白, 可问君自何处来? 要求跟随动名词的动词 (1)“megafeps”(霉咖啡不 吃),mind,miss,enjoy,give up,admit,avoid,finish,escape, practise. (2)“makes (a) fit speach”mind,Avoid,keep,Enjoy ,Suggest/Finish,Imagine,Think about,Spend,Practise,Excuse,e scape,Can't help 要求跟不定式的动词 “要想干,同意办,愿意不愿意, 决定尽量干。” A 要求,想要,希望 (want,wish,hope,expect,intend ,mean) B 同意(agree,promise) C 意愿(care,hate,refuse) D 决定,企图 (determine,decide,offer,attem pt,try,manage) 要求跟不定式作宾补的动词 (1)劝教命请叫 (advise,teach,order,command,a sk,tell) (2)允许又警告 (allow,permit,warn) (3)使役表意向 (cause,let,have,make,lead,set ,leave,get,wish,want,expect) (4)知觉动词妙

(feel,hear,watch,see,observe, notice)<省却 to> 既跟动名词也跟不定式的动词 begin,start,continue,forget,r emember,regret,intend,like,lo ve,hate,try,mean. 用不定式和动名词造成的意义上 的差别归为五点: 不定式 动名词 A) 某一具体行动 指一般的、 经常 的情况 B) 表示主语和宾语的动作 可能表 示任何人的动作 C)主动 被动 D)未发生的事 已发生的事 E) 短暂的或可能进行的事 延续的 或重复发生的事 She hated to talk about people's shortcomings. She hate talking about people's shortcomings. She wants to repair the desk. 常见的要求跟动名词作宾语, 跟不 定式作宾语的动词有: advise,forbid,understand,supp ose,consider,allow,permit.连 接首字母即为 A Fu's Cap(阿福 的帽子) 阿福的帽子, 代表七动词, 宾补不 定式,宾语动名词 Ex.—What is it that they permit? —Some old magazines. A.taking away B.being taken away C.to take away D.to be taken away

wonder at/about 对??感到惊讶、疑 虑 wonder to do 惊奇地??、对??感到 惊奇 wonder+(疑问词)+to do 想知道?? Word came, that? ??消息传来了。 work at sp. 在??工作 work on sth. 进行??工作 worry about 担心 worse still 更糟糕的是 would like sb. to do 想让某人去做 would prefer to do than do 与其做某事 不如做某事 would rather sb. did? 更愿意让某人 做?? would rather to do than do 与其做某事 不如做某事 write articles for sth. 给??写文章 write articles on (many subjects) 写有关 (许多学科)的文章 write down 写下、记下 write sth. for a newspaper 给报纸写文 章 year after year 年复一年(不变) year by year 逐年(有变化) You'd better do sth. 你最好做??。 You've got to. 你非做不可。

wish sb. n./adj. 希望某人?? wish sb. to do 希望某人做?? wish that 希望(虚拟语气) wish to do 希望做?? with great care 小心翼翼 with this method 用这种方法 within reach 够得着


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