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2016年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语试题(全国卷3,含答案)


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6 月 8 日 15:00—16:40

2016 年普通高等学校全国统一考试(新课标全国卷 III) 英语
注意事项: 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后.将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第I卷
注意事项: 1.答第 I 卷前,考考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应的题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,在选涂 其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷,否则无效。 第一部分阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 A Opera at Music Hall:1243 Elm Street. The season runs June through August,with additional performances in March and September . The Opera honors enjoy the Artsmembershipdiscounts. Phone : 241-2742. http://www.cityopera.com. Chamber Orchestra: The Orchestra plays at Memorial Hall at 1406 Elm Streer, which offers several concerts from March through June. Call 723-1182 for more information. http:www.chamberoch.com. SymphonyOrchestra: At Music Hall and Riverbend. For ticket sales, call 381-3300. Regular season runs September through May at Music Hall in summer at Riverbend. http://www.symphony.org/home.asp. College Conservatory of Music (CCM):Performances are onthemain campus(校园)ofthe university, usually at Patricia Cobbett Theater. CCM organizes a variety of events, including performances by the well-known Lasalle Quartet, CCM?s Philharmonic Orchestra, andvatiousgroups of musicians presenting Baroque through modern music Students with I. D card can attend the events for free. A free schedule of events for each term is available by calling the box office at 556-4183. http://www.ccm.uc.edu/events/calendar. Riverbend Music Theater: 6295 Kellogg Ave. Large outdoor theater with the closest seats under cover

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(piecedifference).Big name shows all summer long! Phone:232-6220. http:///www.riverbendmusic.com. 1· Whichnumber shouldyoucallifyouwanttosee opera? A 241-2742.B 723-1182. C 381-3300 D 232-6220 2.When canyougotoaconcert byChamber Orchestra A.February. B May. C August. D November.

3.Wherecanstudent go for free preformances with their ID cards? A.MusicHall.B .Memorial Hall. C.Patricia Cobbett Theater.D.RiverbendMusicTheater 4· How isRiverbend MusicTheaterdifferentfrom the other places? A.Ithas seatsintheopenair. B.Itgives shows allyear round C.Itoffersmembership discounts. D.It presentsfamousmusicalworks B On one of her trips to New York several years ago, Eudora Welty decided to take a couple of New York friends out to dinner. They settled in at a comfortable East Slide café and within minutes, another customer was approaching their table. “Hey, aren?t you from Mississippi?” the elegant, white-haired writer remembered being asked by the stranger. “I?m from Mississippi too.” Without a second thought, the woman joined the Welty party. When her dinner partner showed up, she also pulled up a chair. “They began telling me all the news ofMississippi,” Welty said. “I didn?t know what my New York friends were thinking.” Taxis on a rainy New York night are rarer than sunshine. By the time the group got up to leave, it was pouring outside. Welty?s new friends immediately sent a waiter to find a cab. Heading back downtown toward her hotel, her big-city friends were amazed at the turn of events that had changed their Big Apple dinner into a Mississippi “My friends said: ?Now we believe your stories,?” Welty added. And I said: ?Now you know. These are the people that make me write them.?” Sitting on a soda in her room, Welty, a slim figure in a simple gray dress, looked pleased with this explanation.
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“I don?t make them up,” she said of the characters in her fiction these last 50 or so years. “I don?t have to.” Beauticians, bartenders, piano players and people with purple hats, Welty?s people come from afternoons spent visiting with old friends, from walks through the streets of her native Jackson, Miss., from conversations overheard on a bus. It annoys Welty that, at 78, her left ear has now given out. Sometimes, sitting on a bus or a train, she hears only a fragment(片段) of a particularly interesting story. 5.What happened when Welty was with her friends at the cafe? A. Two strangersjoined her. B. Her childhood friends came in C. Aheavy rain ruined the dinner. D.Some people held apartythere. 6 .The underlined word “them” in Paragraph 6 refers to Welty?s__ A.readers B parties C.friendsD stories

7. Whatcanwelearn aboutthecharactersinWelty?s fiction? A. Theylivein bigcities B.Theyaremostlywomen C. Theycomefrom reallife D.Theyare pleasure seekers C If you are a fruit grower — or would like to become one —take advantage of Apple Day to see what?s around. It?s called Apple Day but in practice it?s more like Apple Month. The day itself is on October 21, but since it has caught on, events now spread out over most of October around Britain. Visiting an apple event is a good chance to see, and often taste, a wide variety of apples. To people who are used to the limited choice of apples such as Golden Delicious and Royal Gala in supermarkets, it can be quite an eye opener to see the range of classical apples still in existence, such as Decio which was grown by the Romans. Although it doesn?t taste of anything special, it?s still worth a try, as is the knobbly(多疙瘩的) Cat?s Head which is more of a curiosity than anything else. There are also varieties developed to suit specific local conditions. One of the very best varieties for eating quality is Orleans Reinette, but you?ll need a warm, sheltered place with perfect soil to grow it, so it?s a pipe dream for most apple lovers who fall for it. At the events, you can meet expert growers and discuss which ones will best suit your conditions, and because
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these are family affairs, children are well catered for with apple-themed fun and games. Apple Days are being held at all sorts of places with an interest in fruit,including stately gardens and commercial orchards(果园).If you want to have a real orchard experience, try visiting the National Fruit Collection at Brogdale,near Faversham in Kent. 8.What can people do attheapple events? A .Attend experts?lectures.B .Visit fruit-loving families. C .Plantfruit trees inan orchard.D. Tastemanykinds ofapples. 9.What can welearnaboutDecio? A.Itisanew variety.B.It has a strangelook. C. Itisrarely seen now.D.Ithas a specialtaste. 10. Whatdoesthe underlined phrase““a pipe dream””in Paragraph 3mean? A.Apracticalidea.B. A vain hope. C.A brilliant plan.D. A selfish desire. 11.Whatisthe author?s purpose inwritingthe text? A.To showhowto grow apples. B .Tointroduce an applefestival. C.Tohelppeople selectapples. D. Topromoteapple research. D Bad news sells. If it bleeds, it leads. No news is good news, and good news is no news. Those are the classic rules for the evening broadcasts and the morning papers. But now that information is being spread and monitored(监控) in different ways, researchers are discovering new rules. By tracking people?s e-mails and online posts, scientists have found that good news can spread faster and farther than disasters and sob stories. “The ?if it bleeds? rule works for mass media,” says Jonah Berger, a scholar at the University of Pennsylvania. “They want your eyeballs and don?t care how you?re feeling. But when you share a story with your friends, you care a lot more how they react. You don?t want them to think of you as a Debbie Downer.” Researchers analyzing word-of-mouth communication—e-mails , Web posts and reviews, face-to-face conversations—found that it tended to be more positive than negative(消极的), but that didn?t necessarily mean people preferred positive news. Was positive news shared more often simply because people experienced more good things than bad things? To test for that possibility, Dr. Berger looked at how people spread a particular set of
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news stories: thousands of articles on The New York Times? website. He and a Penn colleague analyzed the “most e-mailed” list for six months. One of his first finds was that articles in the science section were much more likely to make the list than non-science articles. He found that science amazed Times? readers and made them want to share this positive feeling with others. Readers also tended to share articles that were exciting or funny, or that inspired negative feelings like anger or anxiety, but not articles that left them merely sad. They needed to be aroused(激发) one way or the other, and they preferred good news to bad. The more positive an article, the more likely it was to be shared, as Dr. Berger explains in his new book, “Contagious: Why Things Catch On.” 12 .Whatdothe classic rulesmentionedinthetext apply to? A.News reports.B. Research papers. C .Private e-malls.D.Daily conversations. 13. What canweinferaboutpeople like DebbieDowner? A.They?re sociallyinactive. B.They?re good at telling stories. C. They?re inconsiderate ofothers. D. They?re carefulwiththeirwords. 14.Whichtendedtobethemost e-mailed accordingtoDr.Berger ?s research? A .Sports new.B .Science articles. C.Personal accounts. D. Financial reviews. 15 .What canbea suitable title forthetext? A.SadStoriesTravel FarWide. B .OnlineNewsAttractsMorePeople. C.ReadingHabitsChange withthe Times. D.GoodNewsBeatsBadon SocialNetworks. 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Everyone knows that fish is good for health.16 But it seems that many people don?t cook fish at home. Americans eat only about fifteen pounds of fish per person per year, but we eat twice as much fish in restaurants as at home. Buying, storing, and cooking fish isn?t difficult.17This text is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy way.
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18Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should feel that you?re standing at the ocean?s edge. Any fishy or strong smell means the fish isn?t fresh. 19When you have bought a fish and arrive home, you?d better store the fish in the refrigerator if you don?t cook it immediately, but fresh fish should be stored in your fridge for only a day or two. Frozen fish isn?t as tasty as the fresh one.

There are many common methods used to cook fish. 20 First,clean it and season it with your c hoice of spices(调 料).Put the whole fish on a plate and steam it in a steam pot for 8 to 10 minutes if it weighs about on e pound.(A larger one will take more time.)Then,it?s ready to serve.

A.Do not buy it. B.The easiest is to steam it. C.This is how you can do it. D.It just requires a little knowledge. E.The fish will go bad within hours. F.When buying fish,you should first smell it. G.The fats in fish are though to help prevent heart disease.
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I was13 my only purpose was to become the star on our football team.Thatmeant was the best 22 at our school. 21Miller King,who

Football season started in September and all summer long I worked out.I carried my football everywhere for 23. Just before September,Miller was struck by a car and lost his right arm.I went to see him after he come back from 24 .He looked very That season,I 26 25 ,but he didn`t cry. 27 the home games from the bench.We went 10-1 and 29 .

all of Miller`srecords while he 28

I was named most valuable player,

I often had crazy dreams in which I was to blame for Miller`s 30

One afternoon,I was crossing the field to go home and saw Miller 31

going over a fence—which wasn`t 32
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to climb if you had both arms.I`m sure I was the last person in the world he wanted to accept

from.Buteven that chanlenge he accepted.I 33

him move slowly over the fence.When we were finally 35

34

on the other side,he said to me,”Youknow,I didn`t tell you this during the seanson,but you did for filling in for 36 .” His words freed me from my bad 37

.Thank you

.I thought to myself,how even without an arm he was more of a ahead of me. I was right to have 39 him.From that day on,I grew

leader.Damaged but not defeated,he was 38 40 and a little more real. B.beating out C. teacher

21.A. Cheering for 22.A.coachB.student 23.A.practice 24.A.school 25.A. pale 26.A. held

C. relying on D.player D.pleasure D.training

D.staying with

B. show B. vacation B. calm B. broke

C. comfort C. hospital

C. relaxed C. set

D.ashamed D.tried

27.A.reportedB.judged 28.A.and

C. organized D.watched D.thus C.accidentD.sacrifice D.lost D.fit D.apology

B. then C. but B. mistake B. hurt B. hard B. advice B. helped

29.A. decision 30.A.stuck 31.A. steady 32.A.praise 33.A.let

C. tried C. fun

C. assistance C. had

D.noticed D.safe

34.A. dropped

B. ready

C. trapped

35.A.fineB.wrong 36.A. us

C. quickly C. me

D.normally D.them D.dreams

B. yourself

37.A.memories 38.A.still

B. ideas C. yet

C. attitudes D.just C. invited

B. also

39.A. challenged 40.A.healthier

B.cured B. bigger

D.admired

C. cleverer D.cooler

绝密★启用前 2016 年普通高等学校全国统一考试(新课标全国卷 III)

英语
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第 II 卷
注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 In much of Asia,especially the so-called“rice bowl” cultures of China,Japan,Korea,41 usually eaten with chopsticks. Chopsticks are usually two long,thin pieces of wood or bamboo.They can also be made of plastic,animal bone or metal.Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic.Truly elegant chopsticks might42 Chinese characters.Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal 43 (make)of gold and silver with (create)special designs. Vietnam,food is

The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years.People probably cooked their rood in large pots, 44 (use)twigs(树枝)to remove it.Over time,45 thepopulation grew,people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which46 Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, 46 (gradual)turned into chopsticks.

(gradual)turned into chopsticks. lived from roughly 551 to 479

Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius,47 B.C.,influenced the48

(develop)of chopsticks.Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and 49

(be)too violent for use at the table. Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia.In India,for example,most people traditionally eat 50 their hands. 第四部分写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

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The teenage year from 13to 19 were the most difficult time for me . They were also the best and worse years in my life . At the first,I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself. However,my parents didn?t seem to think such.They always tell me what to do and how to do it.At one time ,I ever felt my parents couldn t understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them.I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes.Now Iam leaving home to college.At last,I will be on my own,but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help. 第二节书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,与留学生朋友 Bob 约好一起去书店,因故不能赴约。请给他写封邮件,内容包括: 1.表示歉意 2.说明原因 3.另约时间


注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

2016 年普通高等学校全国统一考试(新课标全国卷 III) 英语 第I卷 第一部分听力 1.B 2.C 3.A 4.C 5.B 6.A 7.C 8.A 9.B 10.C 11.B 12.A 13.C 14.A 15.C 16.B 17.A 18.C

19.A 20.B 第二部分阅读理解 第一节 21.A 22.B 23.C24.A25.A26.D 27.C28.D 29.C 30.B 第二节 36.G37.D38.F39.A40.B 第三部分:英语知识运用
9

31.B32.A33.C34.B 35.D

第一节完形填空 41.B42.D43.A44.C45.A46.B47.D48.C49.C50.A51.B52.C53.B54.D 55.A56.C57.D58.A59.D60.B 第 II 卷 第三部分:英语知识运用 第二节 61.and62.be made63.to create64.using65.as/when66.gradually67.who68.development 69.were70.with 第四部分写作 第一节短文改错

The teenage

from 13to 19 were the most difficult time for me. They were also the best and

years in my life. At

first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by

. However, my

parents didn’t seem to think

. They always

me what to do and how to do it. At one time,I ever felt my

parents couldn’t understand me so I hoped I could be

from them. I showed them I was independent by

strange clothes. Now I am leaving home

college. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to

have my parents to turn to whenever 第二节书面表达

need help.

内容要点:1.表示歉意 2. 说明原因 3. 另约时间 One Possible Version: Dear Bob, I’m sorry to say that I cannot go to the bookstore with you on Friday afternoon. I have just found that I have to attend an important class meeting that afternoon. I hope the change will not cause you too much trouble. Shall we go on Saturday morning? We can set out early so that we’ll have more time to read and select books. If it’s convenient for you, let’s meet at 8:30 outside the school gate. If not, let me know what time suits you best. I
10

should be available any time after school next week. Yours, Li Hua

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