2004 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛（NEPCS） 高二组样题
（时间：120 分钟 总分：150 分） 听力部分 （共四大题，计 30 分）（略） 笔试部分（共七大题，计 120 分） I. 选择填空（Vocabulary and structure）(共 20 小题，计 20 分) A) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. Excus
e me for breaking in, _______ I have some news for you. A. but B. so C. yet D. and 2. _______ the wheelchair, the old man thought of his son who bought it for him. A. Sat B. Sitting C. Sitting in D. When sitting 3. China Daily is _______ a newspaper. It helps us improve our English. A. not more than B. no more than C. more than D. only 4. Do you have a(an) _______ for pop music or folk music? A. preference B. ability C. choice D. interest 5. Both horses have shown _______ over the last season. A. a good knowledge B. a good form C. good shape D. good form 6. I can't change the situation so I'm going to have to learn to _______ with it.
—_______. I can't swim. A. All right B. It would be too much trouble C. I'd be glad to D. No, thank you 8. I have good eyesight. I can see _______ the distant island in the sea. A. as far as B. so long as C. as long as D. so far 9. —I have to meet Mr Green tomorrow at noon. —_______? —Mr Green. Don't you know him? A. Meet who B. What for C. Do you know when D. How do you know 10. It is _______ but not _______ that Auntie will come over to see us. A. likely; possible C. probably; possible B. probably; likely D. possible; propable
11. This is our school, _______ is _______ the factory by a river. A. it; made up B. which; separated from
C. as; divided into D. that; consisted of 12. _______ Mr Cox couldn't understand was _______ fewer and fewer students showed interest in his lesson. A. What; why B. That; what C. Why; that D. What; because
A. do B. live C. accept D. change 13. _______, so we have taken Jim to hospital. Which of the following can't be used? 7. —Would you like to go swimming with us this afternoon?
A. Something has wrong with Jim B. There is something wrong with Jim C. Something is the matter with Jim
A. choice B. way C. method D. style 18. Vincent did not become an artist until 1880 when he was back in Holland, but his three years in London was very important in his _______ as an artist. A. promotion B. development C. action D. job
D. Something is wrong with Jim 14. If you go there tomorrow, _______. A. so I do B. so do I C. so will I D. so I will 15. —Good morning. Can I help you? —_______. —How do you want to send them? A. lies B. says C. talks D. means —_______. II. 阅读理解（Reading comprehension）（共 30 小题，计 30 分） A. I think I should send them by airmail; I'd like to buy three ten-yuan stamps A) 阅读下列短文，从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳选项。 B. I want to send these letters to the United States; I guess I should send it by airmail C. I'll fly back to the United States; You may send email to me D. Stamps, please; I'll write home Why do people read newspapers? B) 下列 5 题中的句子可以组成一篇小短文，请从所给的四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项。 16. When Vincent van Gogh came to London in 1873 at the _______ of twenty, he was not yet an artist, but a well-paid sales assistant with Goupil & Co, an inter- national firm of art dealers. A. year B. time C. period D. age 17. Several of his uncles were dealers, so it was an obvious _______ of employment for Vincent and his younger brother, Theo.
19. During this time he was rejected in love, and he _______ the loneliness that first turned him to religion. Vincent's loneliness was one symptom of his difficult personality. A. settled B. reduced C. experienced D. suffered 20. It was his difficult personality that made him lose his job too: he was sacked from Goupil & Co because of the unfriendly way he treated the clients. But behind his subsequent attempts to be a schoolmaster, a bookshop assistant and a theology student, _______ the tragic story of a man with a mission to serve others.
A Almost every family in America or England buys at least one copy of a newspaper each day. Some people buy as many as two or three different papers.
Newspapers supply us with news about events in our home towns, in our country, and in other parts of the world. Today we can read about important things that took place in foreign countries on the same day they happened, even in countries far away. But hundreds of years ago news of things took months or even years to travel from one country to another. In those times, news was often passed from one person to another and never entirely true. Newspapers today supply us with more than just what happened in our country or in other countries. If we want to know what the weather will be like, we can read the weather reports. If we want to find
out what films are being shown, or what plays or concerts we can go to, we can look in the newspapers. 21. This article tells us _______.
D. all of the above 25. Which is NOT true according to the passage? A. The habit of reading newspapers is found among most people.
A. most people read newspapers B. all people read newspapers C. every person in America or England reads newspapers D. all families read newspapers 22. Newspapers supply us with _______. B A. only home news B. only world news C. home news and world news D. important things 23. Today we can read in our newspapers about important events _______. A. that took place hundreds of years ago B. that took place in faraway countries soon after they happened C. that will take place in foreign countries D. that will take place in the world 24. Things such as _______ can be found in newspapers. A. weather reports and film or concert guides B. requirements for a job or a house C. information about a lost person
B. Newspapers can not only supply us with news from all over the world but also give us a lot of useful information. C. Hundreds of years ago news was not wholly true because it was told in spoken words. D. If you have no place to live in, you can put notice in a newspaper and then you will certainly get a room to live in.
The porter brings your bags to your room and helpfully explains all you want to know. Then he points to the phone and says：“If there's anything else you need, just call.” All this time you have been thinking one thing：“How much should I tip（付小费） him?” To make your next trip a little easier, here's a guide to tipping across some Asian countries. Bangkok In general, the more Westernized the place is, the more likely you will be expected to leave a tip. Some top-end restaurants will add a 10% service charge to the bill. If not, waiters will appreciate you tacking on （附加） the 10% yourself. However, if you're eating at a lower-end （低档的） restaurant a tip is not necessary. If you're staying at one of Bangkok's many five-star hotels, expect to tip the porter 20 to 50 baht, depending on how many bags you have. Taxis are now metered（打表） in Bangkok. Local custom is to round the fare（车费） up to the nearest five baht. Hong Kong
Tipping is customary in this money-mad metropolis（大都市）. Most restaurants add a 10% service charge to the bill, but the extra money often ends up in the pocket of the owner. If the service is good, add another 10% to the bill, up to HK $100 in an especially nice restaurant. For HK $10 hotel porters should do it at all but the nicest hotels where a new HK $20 bill may be more acceptable. When in a taxi, round up（凑整数） to the nearest dollar. Kuala Lumpur Tipping in Malaysia is limited to the expensive Westernized hotels, which often add a 10% service charge to your meal or hotel room. If you are at a hotel restaurant, expect a 10% service charge. But at local restaurants, there's no need to add a tip. At five-star hotels, one or two ringgit will content a porter. At lower-end buildings don't feel you have to tip. Like Bangkok, many taxis are now metered so you can just round up to the nearest ringgit. Seoul Tipping is not part of Korean culture, although it has become a matter of course in international hotels where a 10% service charge is often added. If you're at a Korean barbecue joint（烧烤处）, there's no need to add anything extra. But a nice Italian restaurant may require a 10% contribution. If you're at a top-end hotel, so expect to pay 500—1000 won per bag. Taxi drivers don't accept a tip. Keep the change for yourself. 26. In which of the following cities is it unnecessary to tip the taxi-drivers? A. Bangkok. B. Hong Kong. C. Kuala Lumpur. D. Seoul. 27. Which of the following is not the unit of money? A. Charge. B. Baht. C. Won. D. Ringgit. 28. From the text, we can infer tipping comes from _______ . A. Hong Kong B. the west C. Asian countries D. Bangkok 29. If you stay at a five-star hotel in Kuala Lumpur, how much will you pay the porter at least? A. 10% of service charge. B. One ringgit. C. Half a ringgit. D. Two ringgit. 30. The writer seems _______.
A. to tell the readers how to travel B. to give the readers some advice on how to tip C. to ask the readers to go on a travel to Asian cities D. to make the trip more pleasant B）阅读下列短文，然后回答问题或完成句子。 C The US, Canada, and Mexico announced a comprehensive plan for free trade across North America on August 12, 1992. It was portrayed as an opportunity for greater economic growth for all 3 nations. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was greeted enthusiastically by business groups generally, but US labor unions, long opposed to opening the southern border, contended that the accord would send jobs to Mexico, where labor costs were lower and environmental regulations more lax than in the US. The 3 countries attempted to satisfy some of the opposition to NAFTA by concluding side agreements, announced a year later. The agreement brings together 36 million consumers in a 6.6 trillion dollars market. It effectively creates the world's largest and richest trading bloc. 31. What was the date when the plan for free trade across North America was announced? 32. Which area does NAFTA address? 33. According to the report, what was the opposing argument to NAFTA? 34. ______________ opposed NAFTA. 35. What was the argument in favor of NAFTA? 36. The result of NAFTA is that ______________ . D For five years from December 1903 to September 1908, two young bicycle mechanics from the state of Ohio in America repeatedly claimed that they had built a heavier-than-air machine which they had flown successfully. Despite demonstrations and photographs of themselves flying, the claims of Wilbur and Orville Wright were laughed at and dismissed as a practical joke by
the magazine Scientific American, the newspaper the New York Herald, the US Army and most American scientists. Experts rejected the Wright brothers' claim without troubling to examine the evidence as they were so convinced, on purely scientific grounds, that flight in powered machines which were heavier than air was impossible. It was not until President Theodore Roosevelt ordered public trials at Fort Myers in 1908 that the Wrights were able to prove their claim conclusively and the Army and the scientific press were forced to accept that their flying machine was a reality. It is perhaps not too surprising that a couple of young bicycle mechanics in a remote town on the prairies should be ignored by the intellectuals of the more sophisticated east coast of America at a time when the horse was still the principal means of transport. What is more surprising is that the local newspapers in their home town of Dayton, Ohio, should have ignored the Wrights. In 1904, a local banker, Torrence Huffman, allowed the brothers to use a large piece of farm land owned by him outside the town for their flying experiments. The land was bordered by two main roads and the local railway line so that, as the months went by, hundreds of people actually saw the Wrights flying. Many of the amazed passengers wrote to the local newspapers to ask who were the young men who were regularly flying near the railway line and why had nothing appeared about them in the papers. Eventually the enquiries became so frequent that the papers complained that they were becoming a nuisance, but still their editors showed no interest in the story, sending neither a reporter nor a photographer. In 1940, Dan Kumler, the city editor of the Dayton Daily News at the time of the flights gave an interview about his refusal to publish anything thirty-five years earlier and spoke frankly about his reasons. Kumler recalled,"I guess we just didn't believe it. Of course, you must remember that the Wrights at that time kept things very secret." The interviewer responded in amazement,"You mean they kept things secret by flying over an open field?" Kumler considered the question, grinned and said,"I guess the truth is we were just plain stupid." 37. What do we learn about the Wright brothers in the first paragraph? 38. How did Theodore Roosevelt become involved with the Wright brothers? 39. Why are horses mentioned in the third paragraph? 40. The writer surprisingly finds that ___________________________.
41. Torrence Huffman helped the Wright brothers by ___________________________. 42. Why did people write to the newspapers? 43. Why was the interviewer surprised by the first answer given by Dan Kumler? E Every year more and more plants and animals disappear never to be seen again. Strangely, it is the most intelligent but most thoughtless animal that is causing most of the problems—man. Nature is very carefully balanced and if this balance is disturbed, animals can disappear very fast. Every day, thousands of species of animals draw closer to extinction. There are countless number of species which may become extinct before they are even discovered. In many lakes the fish are dying. Fishermen are worried because every year there are fewer fish and some lakes have no fish at all. Scientists are beginning to get worried too. What is killing the fish? The problem is acid rain. Acid rain is a kind of air pollution. It is caused by factories that burn coal or oil or gas. These factories send smoke high into the air. The wind often carries the smoke far from the factories. Some of the harmful substances in the smoke may come down with the rain hundreds of miles away. The rain in many places isn't natural and clean any more. It's full of acid chemicals. When it falls in lakes, it changes them too. The lakes become more acidic. Acid water is like vinegar or lemon juice. It hurts when it gets in your eyes. It also kills the plants and animals that usually live in lake water. That is why the fish are dying in lakes. But dead fish may be just the beginning of the problem. Scientists are finding other effects of acid rain. In some large areas trees are dying. Not just one tree here and there, but whole forests. At first scientists couldn't understand why. There were no bugs or diseases in these trees. The weather was not dry. But now they think that the rain was the cause. Acid rain is making the earth more acidic in these areas. Some kinds of trees cannot live in the soil that is very acidic. Now scientists are also beginning to study the effects of acid rain on larger animals. For example, they believe that some deer in Poland are less healthy because of acid rain. If deer are hurt by the rain, what about people? This is the question many people are beginning to ask. No one knows the answer yet. But it is an important question for us all.
44. Every year thousands of species of animals ______________. 45. Acid rain is caused by ______________. 46. If me don't make an attempt to stop acid rain, we ____________. 47. Coal, oil or gas form dangerous combinations after _____________. 48. How far can factory smoke travel? 49. Scientists think acid rain ______________. 50. The word "bug" in this context means III. 完形填空(Cloze) (共 20 小题,计 20 分) A) 阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后用方框内所给单词或短语的适当形式填空.方框内有多余的 词,每个词或短语限用一次. possible, enjoy, pleasure, beat, real, usual, make, wake, dream, success, do While some dreams disappear forever, other dreams come back again and again, which for the (51) _______ is like going back to the same place for a vacation and (52) _______ the same things. We do not only "go back" to (53) _______ experiences but also to (54) _______ ones. An example of a nice dream is when we are doing something very(55) _______ , like winning a prize, while a common nightmare is when we are (56) _______ fools of ourselves in public or being in a situation from which it is(57) _______ to escape. Perhaps, then, we should not see dreams as an escape from (58) _______ , but as an extension of it. In dreams, we (59) _______ continue to occupy ourselves with whatever pleasure or problems we have had during the day, while we were (60) _______ . So, rather than freeing us from everyday life, dreams lead us back to it. B) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填上适当的单词,使短文语义完整.每空一词. Human beings may be the most intelligent animal species, but most of us are not too sure what we (61) _______ when we talk about intelligence. One moment we will use the word to describe someone who(62) _______ the answer to a difficult question, and the next we will say that someone is intelligent because they have (63) _______ a lot of money. Intelligence
is the ability to (64) _______ up with new approaches to solve problems, as opposed to doing things out of habit or conditioning. Rats in a maze can learn (65) _______ the mistakes that they make, but this isn't really intelligence. A good example of intelligence is the way that humans use tools to make life easier for themselves. One measure of intelligence is the (66) _______ of learning, or how long it (67) _______ to find a solution to a problem. The ability to learn a language isn't directly related to intelligence. As children, we are all programmed to learn to speak and it is not the (68) _______ that intelligent children always speak at a younger age. But as we (69) _______ older, intelligent people have an advantage because they will find ways of making the (70) _______ of the abilities they have. IV. 翻译(Translation) (共 10 小题,计 10 分) A) 阅读下面短文,然后把划线处的句子译成汉语. June 27, 1880, was a happy day for the Kellers. The Kellers had a baby—a fine healthy girl they named Helen. The good news spread quickly in the small Alabama town where they lived. (71)Baby Helen was a delight to her mother and father. They laughed and played together as Helen began discovering the world around her. Then the sickness struck. It was a short illness. No one knew for certain exactly what it was. Some of the neighbours said it was scarlet fever. Others believed it was an evil curse. (72)The sickness disappeared as fast as it had come. But it left 18-month-old Helen Keller blind and deaf and unable to speak. (73)The world closed in on her like a black cloud. Gone was the gentle voice of her mother. Gone was the soft Alabama light coming in through her bedroom window. Gone were all the faces she had come to know and love. Helen slipped into a cold, frightening world. She knew she was alive. She still felt hunger and pain and fear. But in a single night her world had gone black and silent and lonely. Young Helen became a"wild child" That's what people called her—wild. (74)She fought back against her blindness and deafness like a caged animal. Sometimes in a fit of anger she screamed out and kicked at the things around her. (75)Yet at other times she was strangely calm and peaceful. She learned how to let people know what was on her mind. She worked out her own sign language. And she tried all she could to understand what had happened to her.
B) 根据提示把下列句子译成英语. 76. 直到这学期,她才认识到学习的重要性.(not until) 77. 他们一直在玩电脑游戏,已达 4 个小时了.(have been doing) 78. 为庆祝新经理上任,今晚我们将举办晚会.(in honour of) 79. 今天早晨如果我早起的话,我就不会赶不上火车.(虚拟语气) 80. 他们俩谁都没去过加拿大.(neither) V. 短文改错(Error correction) (共 10 小题,计 10 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误.对标有题号的每一行做出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一 个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉.
these reasons the buying of Alaska was called "Seward's 89. _______ Folly" at that time. However, great changes were 90. _______ taken place since then. VI. 智力测试(IQ) (共 5 小题,计 5 分) 回答下列问题. 91.
92. Following a logical sequence, can you complete this puzzle? 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词. 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词. 注意:原行没有错的不要改. Alaska is a largest of all the fifty states of the USA. 81. _______ It was in 1867 that the President A. Johnson's secretary of state,82. _______ Seward, bought Alaska from Russian. The buying of the 83. _______ land seemed at last like something foolishly done. Not only84. _______ Alaska difficult to reach, but it was hard to live in 85. _______ 93. What number needs to be added to the last triangle to complete the puzzle? and it appeared to be of no important in time of war. 86. _______ Except, there are volcanoes there and large 87. _______ areas are covered with snow all year round. For88. _______
假设你叫李华，是一位中学老师，最近，你发现有许多同学到学校附近的网吧去玩。有一天，你去 了网吧，在那里看到了许多不良现象。多数同学在玩电脑游戏，一些同学在上网聊天，一些同学在网上 谈恋爱，还有一些同学在网上看一些不健康的东西。请你给某报社写一封信，反映你所看到的情况，发 表你自己的看法并提出建议。 注意：1. 内容要点，除上面提到的以外可做适当的补充。 2. 观点要正确。 3. 120 词左右。 4. 开头已为你写好。 参考词汇：网吧 cyber café 网上冲浪 surf
94. What is missing from the last circle?
Dear editor, I'm a middle school teacher. I'm writing this letter to tell you... B) 开放作文。（15 分） 下面是一篇有关道路安全的短文开头，请阐述你的观点——怎样使道路更安全。 词数不少于 120。
95. What word can be placed in front of the other five to form five new words? Each dot represents a letter.
How to Make the Road Safer? Road accidents are often reported in newspapers or on TV. Whenever a road accident happens, people involved are either injured or killed. It has brought great losses both to the people and the families involved. I think it is high time we reduced traffic accidents and made our road safer.
2004 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛（NEPCS）高 二组样题参考答案
VII. 写作（Writing） （共 2 小题，计 25 分） 听力部分（略） A) 情景作文。（10 分）
笔试部分 I. A) 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. A 5. D 6. B 7. D 8. A 9. A 10. D 11. B 12. A 13. A 14. C 15. B B) 16. D 17. A 18. B 19. C 20. A morning. II. 21. A 22. C 23. B 24. D 25. D 26. D 27. A 28. B 29. B 30. B 31. August 12, 1992. 32. Economics and business. 33. America would lose jobs to Mexico due to low wages and loose environmental requirements there. 34. American labor unions 35. It would provide economic growth for all 3 nations. 36. it is the largest, wealthiest trading group of nations in the world 37. They said they had built a flying machine. 38. He ordered the brothers to test the plane in public. 39. They provided the useful way of travelling. 40. the local newspapers ignored the Wrights 41. letting them use some of his land 42. Because they wanted to ask why the flights had not been reported in the papers. 43. The interviewers thought that anybody could have seen the Wrights flying.44. die out 45. things that are sent out from industrial enterprises 46. may never see some animals and plants again 47. being burnt 48. can travel hundreds of miles 49. is killing trees 50. a small insect III. A) 51. dreamer 52. doing 53. enjoyable 54. unpleasant 55. successfully 56. making 57. impossible 58. reality 59. usually 60. awake B) 61. mean 62. knows 63. made 64. come 65. from 66. speed 67. takes 68. case 69. grow 70. most IV. A) 71. 婴儿海伦给她父母带来了欢乐。海伦开始发现她周围的新世界，他们一起笑，一起玩。 这时，疾病袭来。 72． 病症突然消失了，去得就像来得那样迅速。但是疾病使得１８个月大的海伦失明、耳聋、无 法说话。 73． 世界就像一团黑云把她包裹起来。她母亲轻柔的声音消失了。照进她卧室的阿拉巴马温柔的 阳光消失了。所有她开始熟悉和喜爱的面孔消失了。 74． 她像一头困兽，同失明和耳聋进行搏斗。有时一阵愤怒发作，她又是尖叫又是用脚踢周围的 东西。 75． 但另一些时候，她平静安谧得使人奇怪。她学会了如何让别人知道她心中所想。她有了自己 的符号语言。她竭尽全力来理解发生在她身上的一切。 B) 76. Not until this term did she realize the importance of study.
77. They have been playing computer games for four hours. 78. We'll hold a party tonight in honour of the new manager. 79. I would not have been late for (missing) the train if I had got up early this
80. Neither of them has ever been to Canada. V. 81. a→ the 82. 去掉 the 83. Russian→ Russia 84. last→ first 85. 在 Alaska 前加 was 86. important→ importance 87. Except→ Besides 88. 在 year 前加 the 89.√ 90. were→ have VI. 91.
92. Z 93. 28 94. H 95. NIGHT VII. A) One possible version:
Dear editor, I'm a middle school teacher. I'm writing this letter to tell you something. Recently I've discovered that some of the students in our school often go to the cyber café near our school. I visited the cyber café and found something surprising. Some students were playing computer games. Some were seeing films and what's worse, a boy was talking love on the screen. And also some students were watching something bawdy. I don't think cyber cafés are places for fun. We should do some useful surfing there. So I suggest that we should persuade the students not to do those things again.
Li Hua B) One possible version: Many ways can be adopted to solve the problem, but the following ones may be effective. Firstly, the government should give top priority to improving road conditions. More roads should be constructed or widened so as to reduce the traffic density and speed up the flow of buses and cars. The function of traffic lights should also be improved. Secondly, we should educate people in every possible way not to run red lights or ignore stop signs. Let every one know the importance of observing traffic regulations. Finally, every driver should be responsible for the safety of the passengers and strictly obey the traffic laws. There are many other ways to make the road safer, but of all the measures to take, education is always on top of the list. So long as everyone understands the importance of obeying traffic rules and takes care of his own safety, the road will be much safer for all of us. (文/全国中学生英语能力竞赛组委会办公室 提供；英语辅导报高二版 04～05 学年第 11、12 期； 版权归英语辅导报社所有，独家网络合作伙伴新浪教育，未经许可，不得以任何形式进行转载。)