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1. It _____ Mike and Mary who helped the old man several days ago. A. was B. are C. were D. had been

2. It was not until 1920 _____ regular radio broadcasts began. A. which B. when C. that D. since

3. She said she would go and she ________ go. A. didn’t B. did C. really D. would

4. It was the training _____ he had as a young man _____ made him such a good engineer. A. what; that B. that; what C. that; which D. which; that

5. — Were all three people in the car injured in the accident? — No, ______ only the two passengers who got hurt. A. there were B. it were C. there was D. it was

6. It was not until 1936___baseball became a regular part of Olympic Games. A. then B. which C. that D. when

7. ___in 1943___the harmful smog made its appearance in Los Angeles. A. Only? that B. It was? then C. That it was? when D. It was? that

8. It was on the National Day___ she met with her separated sister. A. that B. where C. when D. which

9. ___the 1500's___the first European explored the coast of California. A. It was until??then C. It is until??that B. It was not until ? when D. It was not until??that

10. ___in this room that our first meeting was held. A. Just when B. When C. Where D. It was

11. It was last night ___ I see the comet. A. the time B. when C. that D. which

12. It was only with the help of the local guide ___________. A. was the mountain climber rescued C. when the mountain climber was rescued B. that the mountain climber was rescued D. then the mountain climber was rescued

13. The Foreign Minister said, “_______ our hope that the two sides will work towards peace.” A. This is B. There is C. That is D. It is

14.Was _____ that I saw last night at the concert? A. it you B. not you C. you D. that yourself

15. It was _____ he said _____ disappointed me.

A. what, that

B. that, that

C. what, what

D. that, what

16.It was with great joy_______he received the news that his lost daughter had been found. A.because B.which C.since D.that

17. It is ______ any wonder that his friend doesn't like watching television much. A. no 18.It was B. such C. nearly D. hardly

back home after the experiment. B.until midnight that he didn’t go D.until midnight when he didn’t go

A.not until midnight did he go C.not until midnight that he went

19.Was it in 1969 _____ the American astronaut succeeded _____ landing on the moon? A. when, on B. that, on C. when, in D. that, in

20. It is these poisonous products _______ can cause the symptoms of the flu, such as headache and aching muscles. A. who B. that C. how D. what

21.It is the ability to do the job _______matters not where you come from or what you are. A. one B. that C. what D. it

22. It was not until 1920 _____ regular radio broadcasts began. A. while B. which C. that D. since

23. _____ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. A. There B. This C. That D. It

24. It was only with the help of the local guide ___________. A. was the mountain climber rescued C. when the mountain climber was rescued B. that the mountain climber was rescued D. then the mountain climber was rescued

25. Who was it _____ put so many large stones on the road? A. this B. that C. he D. she

26. What a silly mistake it is _____ you’ve made! A. it B. this C. that D. which

27. It was the boy _____ had been in prison _____ stole the money. A. who, where B. that, how C. who, that D. that, which

28. Why was _____ that the old woman was sent to prison? A. he B. it C. that D. what

29. It was when she was about to go to bed _____ the telephone rang. A. since B. as C. that D. then

30. It may have been at Christmas _____ John gave Mary a handbag. A. before B. who C. that

D. when

强调句 30 题的答案与解析 1. A。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“It is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。由于句中的动作是 发生在过去,故选 A。 2. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“It is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。当被强调部分指人 时,用 who,当被强调部分指物时,用 that。 3. B。在谓语动词前加 do 表示对动作的强调。and 连接两个并列谓语,其形式应一致,故用过去时态。 4. A。此题考查的强调句型中包含一个定语从句。What 引导的定语从句,修饰被强调部分 the training,that 从句构成强调句中的真正主语。 5. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。 6. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。本句强调的是时间。 7. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。本句强调的是时间。 8. A。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。本句强调的是时间。 9. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。本句强调的是时间。 not until?意为“直到??才”。 10. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。本句强调的是地点。 11. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。本句强调的是时间。 12. B。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。 13. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。 14. A。此题考查的是强调句的一般疑问句式。强调句的一般疑问句式是“Is/Was +被强调部分+that?”。 15. A。此题考查的强调句中包含一个主语从句。what 引导的名词从句作为被强调部分,that 引导的从句构成 强调句中的真正主语。 16. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。本句强调的是伴随 状语。 17. D。此句是一个强调句。根据题意“他的朋友不怎么喜欢看电视”可知这并没有什么可奇怪的,故排除 B 和 C。no 后直接加名词相当于 not any +名词,可排除 A。故选 D。 18. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。本题强调的是时间。 not until 意为“直到??才”,not 一般放在 until 之前。 19. D。 此题考查的是强调句的一般疑问句式。 强调句的一般疑问句式是“Is/Was +被强调部分+that?”。 succeed in doing sth. 意为“成功做某事”。 20. B。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。 21. B。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。 22. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。此题强调的是时间。 23. D。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。It 在此做形式主 语。24. B。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“it is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。 25.B.此题考查的是强调句的特殊疑问句形式。句中仍然用 that 引导从句。 26. C。此题考查的是强调句的特殊疑问句形式。句中仍然用 that 引导从句。 27. C。此题考查的强调句中含有一个定语从句。Who 引导的定语从句修饰被强调部分 the boy,that 引导的从 句构成强调句中的真正的主语。当被强调部分是人时,可以用 that 和 who 来引导从句。 28. B。此题考查的是强调句的特殊疑问句形式。it 在此作为形式主语,真正的主语是 that 从句。29. C。本题 考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“It is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。此句强调的是时间。 30. C。本题考查的是强调句式。强调句式由“It is/was + 被强调成分+that/who?”构成。此句强调的是时间。

在英文中,句子的主语、宾语、状语都可以写进一定的句式里以表示对它的强调。它们是: 1. It is / was + 被强调的部分 + that (who) + 句子的其他部分, 2. What ? is / was ?这种句式就称为强调句。 强调句主要有两种形式: 1. It is/was + 被强调的部分 + that(who) + 句子的其他部分 下面我们以两个句子为例来演示强调句的构成。如: 1) Western health-care system are spending huge sums of money on the surgical treatment of the disease. 西方国家医疗保健机构在心脏病的手术治疗上开支巨大。 强调主语 It is Western health-care system that (which) are spending huge sums of money on the surgical treatment of the disease. 正是西方国家医疗保健机构,在心脏病的手术治疗上开支巨大。 强调宾语 It is huge sums of money that ( which ) Western health-care system are spending on the surgical treatment of the disease. 西方国家医疗保健机构在心脏病的手术治疗上,开支确实是巨大的。 强调状语 It is on the surgical treatment of the disease that Western health-care system are spending huge sums of money.西方国家医疗保健机构,就是在心脏病的手术治疗上付出了巨大的开支。 2)Ann Peters' husband rushed her to a nearby hospital last night. 主语 宾语 状语 昨晚,安妮.彼德的丈夫立即送她去附近医院。 强调主语 It was Ann Peters' husband that (who) rushed her to a nearby hospital last night. 昨晚,正是安妮.彼德的丈夫,立即送她去了附近医院。 强调宾语 It was her (she) that (who) Ann Peters' husband rushed to a nearby hospital last night. 昨晚安妮.彼德的丈夫立即送的是她,去附近医院。 强调状语 It was to a nearby hospital that Ann Peters' husband rushed her last night.昨晚安妮.彼德的丈夫立即 送她去的就是一家附近的医院。 强调状语 It was last night that Ann Peters' husband rushed her to a nearby hospital. 就是在昨晚,安妮.彼德的丈夫立即送她去附近医院。 要点提示: 1)当原句叙述的是现在或者将来发生的事情用"It is ? that?"的句式(如例句 1);当原句叙述的是过去发 生的事情则用"It was ? that? " 的句式(如例句 2)。 2)在这种强调句式中,一般用 that 引出句子的其他部分。如果被强调的部分是表示人的意义的名词时,可以用 who 代替 that 引出句子的其他部分;如果被强调的部分是表示事物意义的名词时,可以用 which 代替 that 引出 句子的其他部分。 但是, 无论被强调的部分是表示地点、 还是表示时间意义的名词, 都不可以用 where 或者 when 。 例如: It is that man who (that) is teaching our English.就是那个人教我们英语。 It was my telephone number which (that) Miss White happened to know. 怀特小姐碰巧知道的就是我的电话号码。 It is in front of the religious leader that the bride and groom stand together to be married. 新 郎、新娘通常就是一起站在宗教头领面前举行结婚。


2)如果被强调的部分是人称代词,应该用该人称代词的主格形式;在口语或非正式文体中也可以用其宾格形式。 It was she (her) who told the police.就是她报告警察的。 It was you who we were talking about.我们刚刚谈论的就是你。 3)没有强调句子谓语的强调句,但有其通常的强调手段:do / does / did + 动词原形 I do believe that he is an honest man. 我的确相信他是老实人。 She does like literature. 她确实喜欢文学。 They did go to see you yesterday, but failed to meet you. 他们昨天的确去看过你,但没见到你。 4)What ? is / was ? "What ? is / was ?"是名词从句结构,也是强调句的另一种构成形式。它常用来强调主语、宾语。如果所叙 述的是现在或者将来发生的事情用"What is ? that?"的句式;如果所叙述的是过去发生的事情用"What was ? that?"的句式。例如: What he wishes most is to become a pilot.(强调宾语) 他最希望的是成为一名飞行员。 What interested me most in that movie was the beautiful scenery of Alps.强调主语) 那部电影使我最感兴趣的是阿尔裨斯山那美丽的风景。 What I like is her speaking manner. (强调宾语) 我喜欢的是她说话的风度。 What encouraged us was the example he set for us. (强调主语) 给予我们鼓励的是他为我们树立的榜样。

英语最基本的语序是主语在前,谓语动词在后。但有时由于句子结构的需要或表示强调,就要采用倒装形式。将 谓语动词完全移到主语之前称为完全倒装, 只将助动词或情态动词放到主语之前称为部分倒装。 强调性倒装和以 so, neither, nor 开头的句子是高考例题的热点。 一、倒装句的意义 1. 适应一定的语法结构的需要,主要是指疑问句句型结构的需要。 e.g. May I come in? Was the People's Liberation Army founded in 1927? 2. 为了强调某一部分,而把这部分放到句首,构成倒装。 e.g. Never have I been late for school this term. So early did he come to school that no other students came. 二、倒装的用法 1. 在“there be”结构里,there 是引导词,主语在 be 后。 在 “there + be” 结构中的谓语动词有时不用 be , 而用表示类似 “存在” 观念的其他不及物动词。 如: live, stand, come, lie, flow, enter, rise 和 appear 等。 e.g. There is a box on the table. There came shouts for help from the river. There lies a large wheat field in front of the house. Many years ago there lived an old man in the wooden house. 2. 在疑问句中。 e.g. Is she singing in the classroom? What does your mother do? 3. 在 here, there 等副词开头的某些句子里(要用一般现在时态)。如果主语是人称代词,主语和主要动词的 词序不变。(完全倒装) e.g. There goes the bell. Here is an apple for you. There she comes. Ex:There ________. And here ________. A. goes the phone; she comes B. is the phone going; is she C. does the phone go; does she come D. the phone goes; come she


4. 重复倒装句型,用在以 so, nor, neither 开头,表示谓语所述的情况也适用于另一个人或一事物的肯定或 否定句中。so 用于肯定句,表示“也一样”“也这样”;nor, neither 用于否定句,表示“同样也不,也不这 样”。 e.g. I am watching TV. So is she. My parents didn't watch TV last night. Neither (Nor) did I. She is busy doing her homework. So is her brother. You passed the exam. So did I. He doesn’t like shopping. Neither do i. He can’t speak any foreign language. Nor can his father. 表示两人的同样一个情况时,只能表示一件事,即上、下句所使用的动词、时态要一致。 否则要用 so it is with? His uncle is a worker and has been working in the factory for more than ten years. So it is with his aunt. Ex:1)I don't know how to swim, ____. A. and my sister doesn't neither B. nor my sister can C. nor does my sister D. and my sister does either 2)She's passed the test. ____. A. So am I B. So have I C. So I have D. Also I have 5. 直接引语的全部或一部分放在句首时,主句中的主谓也常直接倒装。(完全倒装) e.g. "Very well," said the French student. "Bring me two eggs and a cup of tea, please." said he. 6. 在以 hardly(scarcely), never, not, not only, little, few,seldom, no sooner?(than), not until, no where 等否定或半否定意义的副词、连词放在句首时要用倒装句,采用部分倒装。如不放在句首就不要倒装。 e.g. Little did he say at the meeting. Never shall I forget the day when I joined the Army. Hardly(Scarcely) had he reached the station when the train started. Not once did we visit the city of our own. Seldom in all my life have I met such a determined person. Not only was there no electricity, but also no water. Not until he shouted at the top of his voice did she turn her head. 比较:I shall never forget the day when I joined the Army. Ex:1) Hardly ________ the airport when the plane took off. A. I had arrived at B. had I arrived C. had I reached D. I had got to 2) —Have you ever seen anything like that before? —No, ________ anything like that before. A. I never have seen B. never I have seen C. never have I seen D. I have seen 7. 用于以 only 所修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句的句子中。 e.g. Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to get happily back to wrk. Only in this way can we learn English well. 注意:如果 only 后的词组不是状语,不需倒装。 e.g. Only Wang Lili knows this. only Only a few young men went to the theatre. (修饰主语时则不用倒装) Ex:1)Only in this way ___ make progress in your English. A. you B. can you C. you be able to D. will you able to 2) Only when the meeting was over___ go back to meet his friend. A. he could B. he was able to C. was he able to D. was able to he 3)Only after liberation___ to be treated as human beings. A.did they begin B. they had begun C.they did begin D. had they begun 8. 为了表达生动,有时把表地点、方位的副词,如 up, down, out, away, in 等放在句首,同时把谓语动 词放在主语之前。若主语为人称代词,主语和谓语动词的位置不变,只将副词放在句首。(完全倒装) e.g. Away hurried the boy. Out rushed the girl. Away she went with tears in her eyes.

Ex:Out ____, with a stick in his hand. A. did he rush B. rushed he C. he rushed D. he did rush 表示地点的介词短语 (如 on the wall, under the tree, in front of the house, in the middle of the room 等)放在句首时,要全部倒装。如: On the top of the hill stands a pine tree. In front of the classroom is a playground. Ex:Under a big tree ________, half asleep. A. did sat a fat manB. a fat man sat C. did a fat man satD. sat a fat man 9. 在虚拟结构中, 条件从句的谓语含有 were, had 和 should 这三个词是, 可省去 if, 将这些词移至主语之前。 e.g. Had I time (= If I had time), I would go and help you. Were I you (= If I were you), I would go abroad. Should he come (=If he should come), tell him to ring me up. 10. as 引导让步状语从句时要倒装(形容词/ 副词/ 名词/ 动词 + as + 主语 + 谓语)。 e.g. Proud as they are, they are afraid to see me. Child as he is, he seems to know everything.(child 前不加冠词) Hard as he worded, he made little progress. Ex:________, he's honest. A. As he is poor B. Poor is he C. Poor as he is D. Poor as is he _____, he knows a lot of things. A. A child as he is B. Child as he is C. A child as is he D. Child as is he 11. 用于某些表示祝愿的句子里。 e.g. May you succeed! Long live the People's Republic of China! 12. So + 形容词、副词及 such 置于句首时要倒装。 So happy did he feel. Such was me. 13.固定搭配 hardly?when; scarcely?when?; no sooner?than? 可以用正常语序 had hardly done when? did 或用倒装句式 Hardly had + 主语+ done when? did 句式。hardly 所在的句子用过去完成时。 The bell hardly had rung when the class began.= Hardly had the bell rung when the class began. No sooner had he arrived in Beijing than he began to work. Ex:Hardly ____down ___he stepped in. A.had I sat ?than B. I had sat ?when C.had I sat ?then D. had I sat?when 14. 在以 often, well, many a time, now and again 等方式或频度副词(短语)开头的句子中,要用部分倒装结 构。如: Many a time has John given me good advice. Often have we made that test. Ex:Many a time ________ swimming alone. A. the boy went B. went the boy C. did the boy go D. did go the boy 15. so+ 形容词/副词 that 的结构状语从句可以用正常语序表示, 也可以把 so+形容词/副词放于句首构成倒装。 句型如下: so +形容词/副词+be/助动词/情态动词 that +从句。 Light travels so fast that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. = So fast does light travel that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. So easy was the work that they finished it in a few days. 16. "分词(代词) + be + 主语"结构。如: Walking at the head of the line was our teacher. Such was the story he told me. done 做形容词在句中做表语时,常把表语放在句首,要用倒装句式。 Gone forever are the days when the Chinese people had to use foreign oil. 17.为了保持句子的平蘅或为了强调表语和状语,或使上下文紧密衔接,把它们放在句首用倒装句。该结构不需 加助动词。 East of the town lies a beautiful lake. In a lecture hall of a university in England sits a professor. Outside the doctor’s clinic were twenty patients.

倒装句综合练习: 1._______ and caught the mouse. A. Up the cat jumped B. The cat up jumped C. Up jumped the cat D. Jumped up the cat 2.______ and the lesson began. A. In came Mr Brown B. Mr Brown in came C. In came he D. came in Mr Brown 3.Over _______ , dead. A. rolling the goat B. rolled the goat C. did the goat roll D. the goat rolled 4.—Where is my shirt, mum? —_________. A. There is it B. There it is C. There is D. Here is it 5. —Where is your father? —Oh, ________. A. here he comes B. he here comes C. here does he come D. here comes he 6.The door opened and there ________ . A. enters an old man B. entered an old man C. did an old man enter D. an old man entered 7. Now ______ your turn to recite the text. A. will come B. comes C. has come D. there is 8.Often _____ them not to smoke here. A. we advised B. advised me C. did we advise D. had we advised 9.________ playing soldiers. A. Inside the room were two boys B. Inside the room two boys C. Were two boys inside the room D. Inside the room was two boys 10. On the wall _______ two large portraits. A. are hanging B. Hanged C. hang D. hangs 11._______ who was wounded in the stomach. A. Among them were a soldier B. Among them was a soldier C. Among them a soldier was D. Among they was a soldier 12. Next door to ours ________ , who is no less than eighty. A. that lives an old man B. does an old man live C. lives an old man D. where lives an old man 13.She plays the piano very well, ______. A. so every one of us does B. every one of us does C. so does every one of us D. so do every one of us 14.You say he works hard, ______, and _____. A. so he does; so you do B. so he does; so do you C. so does he; so do you D. so does he; so you do 15. —I thought you women were present at the meeting. —__________. A. So we were B. So we did C. So were we D. So did we 16.I don’t think Jack will come today, _____. A. nor will Mary B. and Mary doesn’t C. Mary will either D. or Mary does 17. She is fond of cooking, _____I . A. so am B. nor am C. neither do D. nor do 18.Marx was born in Germany and German was his native language . A. So it was with Engles B. So was it with Engles C. So was Engles D. So did Engles 19.A fish needs water and without water it will die._______. A. So does a man B. So will a man C. So it is with a man D. So is it with a man 20. So absorbed _______ the work that she often forgot to _____ her meals.

A. had she been in; do B. she was in; make C. was she in; take D. she had been in ; have 21.So loudly ______ that every one of the class could hear him. A. did he speak B. did he spoke C. spoke he D. he spoke 22. __________ his apperance that no one could recognize him. A. Strange so was B. So strange was C. Was so strange D. So was strange 23.Not once ______ their plan. A. did they change B. they changed C. changed they D. they did change 24. Never ______ such a wonderful place as Hangzhou. A. are seeing B. had I seen C. I have seen D. have I seen 25.Seldom ______ TV during the day. A. they watch B. are they watching C. have they watched D. do they watch 26.Nowhere ______ as in my garden. A. the flowers were so beautiful B. were the flowers so beautiful C. so beautiful were the flowers D. so beautiful the flowers were 27. Hardly ________ his homework when he went out. A. finished he B. he had finished C. did he finish D. had he finished 28.Scarcely _____ finished their homework ______ I came into the classroom. A. had they; than B. they had; when C. had they; when D. did they; when 29. Not only _______ a promise, but also he kept it. A. has he made B. does he make C. he made D. did he make 30. Not until his comrades criticized him _______ to admit his mistake. A. had he begun B. began he C. did he begin D. does he begin

Keys: 1—5 CABBA

6—10 BBBDA

11—15 BCCBA

16—20 BAACC

21—25 ABADD

26—30 BDCDC



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