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外研社高中英语必修四module5知识点精品


Module 5
A trip along the Three Gorges

Complete the definitions with the help of the pictures.
A _____ is the low valley ground between the sides of mountains.

A ____ is a large area plain of flat low ground.

The shore is the _____ area where the land meets the sea or a lake.

A ____ is the slope side of the mountain.

____ Cliffs are the steep side of Mountains at the edge of A river or the sea.

A ____ is the top peak of a mountain.

A ____ is an area of water surrounded lake by land.

A wood is a small ____ forest.

A ____ is a lager hole in a cliff or a mountain. cave

A _______ is a plateau large area of flat high ground.

the quiz about the Yangtze River.
(1) The Yangtze River is the _____ river in the world. The Three Gorges (a) longest (b) second longest (c) third longest (2) It flows from the Himalayas in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the ______. (a) south (b) north (c) east (3)The world’s biggest dam was opened on the Yangtze River in ________. (a) 2001 (b) 2003 (c) 2005

A trip along the Three Gorges

三峡之旅

序:1996年8月,一位年轻的美 国英语教师彼得· 赫斯勒,来到长 江之滨的涪陵。他和另一位同事 将在那里的一所教师进修学院任 教两年。整个城市里只有他们两 名外国人。元月底,第一学期结 束了,他们有四周的春节假期, 可以随处旅游。他们决定顺流而 下。

1. be to do something 表示“按照计划 或根据安排将要进行的动作”。 be about to表示“即将 (正要) 做某事”
①We are to go to the Great Wall next

week.
②I was about to leave, when the

doorbell rang.

1.He and a colleague were to spend two years there teaching English at a teaching training college. be to do 用法 1.表示按计划或安排的将来 (表示“按照计划或根据安排将要进行的动作”。
be about to表示“即将 (正要) 做某事”) The Queen is to visit Japan next week.

2.表示“应该”,相当于should, ought to
You are to report to the police.

3.表示“必须”,相当于must, have to。
The letter is to be handed to him in person.

4.用于否定句,表示“禁止”,相当于 mustn’t。

The books in this room are not to be taken outside. 这个室内的书籍不得带出室外。
5.表示“可以,可能”,相当于may, can。

The news is to be found in the evening paper. 这条消息可以在晚报上见到。

2. have…off 有…假期 take …off 休假… ask for …off 请假…
①I’ll have three days off next week. ②Last year, she had/took six weeks off

for her illness. ③Jack took a month off because of his headache.

3.trade vt. &vi.& n. trade …with 与……交易/做买卖 trade in 做……生意 a firm which trades in arms, textiles, grain

trade ( in ) for 拿…与…交换
她用项链换取了他的画.

在一个美丽的午后,我们离 开码头。当我们顺流而下穿 过山区的时候,阳光很灿烂。 男人们乘坐着江边的竹筏, 运煤的小船来来往往。太阳 落山时,我们的船在丰都靠 岸。我们目睹太阳在白塔后 西沉,美丽极了。

4. dock n.码头, 船坞
v.靠码头,驶入码头 dock at / in

We docked in Shanghai the next morning.

5. sail vi. vt. 航行, 驾船; 坐船旅行 The ship sails for Shanghai tomorrow. She always wanted to sail around the world. When did the first European sail across the Atlantic? set sail 启航, 开船 The following week the “Queen Elizabeth” set sail for Hongkong.

set 放置, 设置, 落下 set up 建立 set an example to 树立榜样 set off (+介词短语)出发,动身 set out(to do)出发,动身,着手做 set about ( doing) 着手开始做…

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
We could see the sun setting behind the ...
see sb. do ---- sb be seen to do be seen doing

see sb. doing ---- sb

see sth. done I saw him bitten by the dog

一感

feel

二 听 listen to / hear
三让 make / let / have 四看 watch / look at / notice / see
+ sb. do / doing

半帮助 help ( sb. do / to do )

穿过长江第一峡——瞿塘峡时, 我们正在睡梦中。江水在两英 里高的峰峦间奔流,峡谷狭窄 处只有350英尺。我朋友说: “至少我们能看见另外两个峡 谷。”

6. The gorges narrows to 350 feet… narrow vi. 变窄 vt. 使变窄 形容词作动词使用: 使…变… 1.The river narrows at this point. 2. Her eyes narrowed.眯起眼睛 3. He narrowed his eyes at her. 4. Living in the countryside has narrowed him.

常见的可以转化为动词的形容词
calm, dry, free, slow, better

The boss wanted to better the working conditions for his workers. The nurse is calming the child in hospital. The little boy’s mother warned him not to dirty his clothes. narrowly adv. 勉强地,险些,狭隘地 The final score of the football match was 93-94. We were only ____beaten. A.nearly B. slightly C. narrowly D.lightly

7. rush v. 冲, 奔, 闯; 匆忙地做 n.匆促, 仓促 rush hour

rush through 匆忙通过,赶快进行

rush out 冲出去 rush into 闯入 rush to do sth 抢着做某事 He rushed to help the poor man. do sth in a rush 匆忙做某事 I have to do my homework in a rush because I was late. rush sb. into doing sth. 催促某人干某事

船到巫山时,我们绕道溯游大宁 河,观赏了几处小峡谷。第二天, 我们经过了长江的大峡谷。在一 个美丽的上午轮船驶过巫峡。我 们还经过了湘江,那是公元前三 世纪一位诗人——屈原的家乡。 长江有太多的历史。块块巨石形 象各异,条条支流都流淌着传说, 座座小山承载着过往。

8. detour n. & v. 绕道 make / take a detour 迂回,绕道 ①We took a detour to avoid the town center. ②One evening we detoured to Moon Bay to watch the sea. ③We have to make a detour to walk up the hill.

9. lovely adj.可爱的, 有趣的, 美丽的
① The house has many large rooms and

there is a lovely garden. ② She has a lovely face. ③ What a lovely day! -ly 结尾的形容词: lonely, ugly, friendly, likely, lively, motherly, brotherly, fatherly

10. go through 经历,经过,经受;
仔细检查;通过,批准
① These countries have gone through

too many wars. ② The teacher had to go through the students' papers in the midnight. ③ He accepted the offer(出价) and the deal went through. ④ The construction work will go through two stages.

pass through 经过; He had passed through many difficulties during the experiments.
look through 浏览, 查阅

She looked through her notes before the examination.
get through 通过, 完成 ,(电话)接通

When you get through with your work, let's go out.

11. be heavy with (≈be full of) ① The apple trees were heavy with fruit. ② The garden was heavy with the scent of summer. ③ 'Of course,' she said, her voice heavy with sarcasm (挖苦, 讽刺). ④ The air is heavy with the good smell of the flowers.

穿过长江第三峡——西陵峡后, 轮船驶入大坝建设处的江面。 所有的乘客都上了甲板,大家 拍照片,对着工地指指点点, 但不可以下船。五星红旗在风 中飘扬着。远山上写着20英尺 大的汉字:“建造三峡大坝, 开发长江资源”。

12. point at 指向; 瞄准
1. He pointed at a temple on the hill

2. Their guns were pointed at the target, ready to fire.
point out 指出

Please point out my mistakes if I have any.

13. exploit vt. 开发;充分利用;剥削 1.Many natural resources have not been exploited in this area. 2. He exploited every opportunity to get himself a good job.
3. What is being done to stop employers from exploiting young people? exploitation n. 剥削,利用 exploration n. 探测探究 exploiter剥削者

Reading & Vocabulary -3. Complete the statements about the writer’s journey.
1. Peter and his friend went downstream _____. (a) to see the dam (b) to see the Three gorges (c) to get to Fuling 2. He choose the Jiangyou boat because _____. (a) it was crowded (b) it didn’t stop at temples (c) it didn’t usually carry foreigners. 3. When they started the trip it was ______. (a) sunny (b)cold (c) evening

4. When the boat went through the first gorge. Peter and his friend _____. (a) took lots of photographs (b) spent most of the time on deck (c) were asleep 5. When they reached the site of the dam _______ came to look. (a) everyone (b) no one (c) only the foreigners
6. Peter was impressed by the Yangtze River’s sense of ______. (a) power (b) history (c) danger

Complete the definitions of the words in the box.
1 A _______________ is the place where sth is being built. construction site 2 To _________ means to buy and sell things. trade rush 3. If you _______ somewhere you go there quickly. Distant 4. _________ is the opposite of near. Goods 5. ________ are things you can buy or sell. legend 6. A __________ is a very old story which is probably not true. sets 7. The sun rises in the east and ______ in the west. poet 8. A _______ is someone who writes poems. colleague 9. A __________ is someone who works with you. Bamboo 10. __________ is a plant which grows quickly and is used to make furniture.

Reading & Vocabulary -6. Filling (5ms)
Match the words with their definition.
dock pagoda detour raft characters deck exploit
1.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

a place where boats load and unloaddock
a simple boat made of pieces of wood tied raft together pagoda a Buddhist temple

a change of route
a floor on a boat

marks or signs used in writing

detour deck characters exploit

1.
2. 3.

Grammar-1.Filling (3ms) They ______ go anywhere they wished.

4.
5.

could You shouldn’t go on those ships. _________ There _______ be any other foreigners. won’t We just had to show our passports. ________ We could see the sun setting behind the white ______
pagoda.

Modal Verb

could(1) shouldn’t won’t had to could(5)

Indicate an ability to do something use to give advice make a prediction about the future the past form of must the permission to do something

Grammar-4. Observation(3ms)
? You

表许可,征询 意见 could / may / would / shall / might

can go now. 强 ? I won’t let you down. ? Could I say it in Chinese? ? May I know your name? ? Would you mind closing the door? ? Shall we dance? ? Might I have a word with you? 弱 can, will

语 气

Grammar-5. Observation(3ms)
? There

must be a mistake. 强 ? You may walk ten miles without seeing a house. ? He might get there on time. 语 气 ? It can be true. ? In those days few workers could support their families. 弱 肯定句 must
表可能性(猜测)

may, might, can, could

Grammar-6. Observation(3ms)
?She can’t

be serious.



?We couldn’t ?She

have done better.
pick flowers in this garden. 语

?People may not

气 was afraid they might not like the idea.
can’t, couldn’t
may not, might not

否定句
表不可能(猜测)



Grammar-7. Observation(2ms)
?We mustn’t

waste our time.

?They shouldn’t

left so soon.
disturb him.

?You’d better not

表禁止had better not

mustn’t, shouldn’t

?You ?If

Grammar-8. Observation(2ms)
should do what your parents tell

you.

you can’t finish the book by then, you must come and renew it. is a lovely party, but we have to go because of the baby-sister.
enough so that somebody had to give way. 有时态变化 (应该) have to

?This

?The bridge was not wide 表义务 should, must

Grammar-9. Conclusion (2ms)
词义 Modals can, could, be able to

能力,能够

can, will, may, could, would, 许可,征询意见 shall, might 猜测,可能性 must, may, might, can, could mustn’t, shouldn’t, had 禁止 better not 义务,应该 should, must, have to


1. -- Mum, I’ve been studying English since 8 o’clock. ___ I go out and play with Tom for a while?

-- No, I’m afraid not. Besides, it’s raining outside now.
A. Can’t C. May not B. Wouldn’t D. Won’t

2. I ____ pay Tracy a visit, but I’m not sure whether I will have time this Sunday.

A. should
C. would

B. might
D. could

3. Children under 12 years of age in that country ____ be under adult supervision when in a public library.

A. must

B. may

C. can

D. need

4. You ____ be tired – you’ve only been working for an hour.

A. must not

B. won’t

C. can’t

D. may not

5. You might just well tell the manufacturer that male customers _____ not like the design of the furniture. A. must B. shall C. may D. need

6. A left-luggage office is a place where bags _____ be left for a short time, especially at a railway station.

A. should

B. can

C. must

D. will

7. -- Excuse me, but I want to use your computer to type a report. -- You ____ have my computer if you don’t take care of it.

A. shan’t
C. needn’t

B. might not
D. shouldn’t

8. Hundreds of jobs ____ if the factory closes.

A. lose
C. are lost

B. will be lost
D. will lose

9. Rainforests ____ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. A. cut B. are cut

C. are being cut

D. had been cut

10. The first use of atomic weapons was in 1945, and their power _____ increased enormously ever since. A. is B. was C. has been D. had been

Listening & Speaking-1.Speaking (5ms)
Picture 1: They are having a lecture.

Describe the pictures on page 45.

Picture 2: A boy is flying the kite on the seaside. Picture 3: They are dancing. Picture 4: He is smoking while eating.

Picture 5: A person is swimming in the river.
Picture 6: She is taking photos.

Listening & Speaking -2.Listening (4ms)
Listen to the conversation and decide where the speakers are.
A : on a boat B: in a travel agency C: on a television programme

D: at passport control in an airport

Listening & Speaking -3. Answering (5ms)
Listen to the tape again and answer the following questions.

? What

is the listening passage mainly about? It’s mainly about what you can do and what you can’t do on a classic Three Gorges cruise. ? What are the on-board activities?
They are welcome party, lectures on history and culture, disco, Tai Chi and kite flying.

Speaking –1 . Speaking (5ms) Look at the
signs and explain their meanings. NON-EU CITIZENS
People who do not live in the European Union have to go this way.

FLIGHT AZ457 PARIS CHECK IN DESK 12

People who want to get on flight AZ457 to Paris should check in Desk 12

Smoking is forbidden. No smoking.

The use of mobile phones is forbidden.

MAX WEIGHT FOR THIS FLIGHT:20kg

You are not allowed to take a case which weighs more than 20kg onto this flight.

Don’t leave your luggage unattended!

Don’t leave your luggage on its own anywhere.

Culture corner Do you know what
it is?

Culture corner -2.Answering (5ms) Read
the passage and answer the questions.
1. Where did he travel recently? 2. Is there anything special in his home? What is it?

3. What rules does he follow when he sticks a pin in the map? 4. What does he think of New Zealand/Italy/China?

5. What does he take with him wherever he goes?

1. Where did he travel recently? Malvinas islands. 2. Is there anything special in his home? What is it? A large map of the world. There are hundreds of little red pins stuck in it. 3. What rules does he follow when he sticks a pin in the map? I’m allowed to stick one in only if I’ve been a place for more than 24 hours. 4. What does he think of New Zealand/Italy/China? Wonderful / favorite / a country of the future. 5. What does he take with him wherever he goes? A photo of his wife, a candle, a torch, a shirt…

Writing- 1. Exercises (2ms) Finish the
exercise of Activity 3, on page 48.

?immense ?remote

region ? very big region
? the place which is far away ? the slopes which go sharply

areas

?steep
?fertile

slopes plains

up and down ? the plains which is good for growing things


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