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大学英语四级考试翻译题精选练习(2)


大学英语四级考试翻译题精选练习(2)
1.(这个计划成功的关键) ___________is good planning. 2. The specific use of leisure______(每一人都不同) 3. The ship ' s generator broke down and the pumps____________________ ( 不得不用手工操作 ) instead of mechanically. 4. Although punctual himself, the professor was quite used______________ 习 ( 惯了学生迟到 ) his lecture. 5. I prefer to communicate with my customers ______( 通过写电子邮件而不 是打电话) 6. After the terrorist attack, tourists ______ ( 被劝告暂时不要去该国旅游) 7.( 他把自己奉献于社区工作 ) ______ and is passionate about what he is doing. 8. Man should not exploit the natural resources ______ ( 以牺牲其他物种为代 价 ). 9. When Sandy recovered from cancer, her doctor ______ ( 把此归因于她对 未来的信念 ). 10. At the end of his speech, the school master encouraged the children to work hard ______ ( 不要让父母失望 ). 11. In the budget for this building, they failed to __( 考虑价格增长的因素 ). 12. Only after I slapped him on the back ____( 他才发现我并高兴得叫起 来 ). 13. I didn ' t even speak to him, ____( 更不用说与他讨论事情 ). 14. Some young people would rather try hard themselves to go through life than _____( 求助于他们的父母 ) with a sense of guilt. 15. The victim _____( 本来有机会活下来 ) if he had been taken to hospital in time . Answer: 1. The key to the success of this project 「超级单词」key 除作名词"钥匙"外,后接介词 to,表示"……的钥匙,…… 的答案,……的关键". 2. from individual to individual. 「超级短语」不及物动词 vary 的用法。搭配为:vary …… from …… to 各 不相同。 3. had to be operated manually「超级短语」have to 通常指由于客观原因则不 得不做某事,意思为"不得不". 其否定形式意思是"不一定"或"没有必要". 4. to students' being late for「超级句型」be used to+doing/noun,表示过去习 惯于做某事。used to+do,表示过去有规律的习惯性动作或状态,而现在已不存 在了。 「超级短语」be late for,迟到。 「超级句型」one's doing,非谓语动词的复合结构。 5. via E-mail instead of telephone 「超级短语」 Instead of 的意思是"代替……"、 "而不……",后面常跟名词、代词和动名词,偶尔也跟复合结构。 6. were advised not to travel to that country at the moment

「超级单词」advise 一般用法: advise sb. to do; advise doing 特殊注意: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。 即: advise that sb. (should) do 的形式。 7. he devoted himself to the community 「超级短语」be devoted to 有两个含义:A.专心致志于,献身于;B.热爱, 很喜欢。作为动词的 devote 常用下列成语类的搭配:devote oneself/one's life to sth/doing sth. 8. at the cost of sacrificing/loss of other species 「超级短语」 the cost of 以……为代价) 其含义和用法与 at the expense of at ( , 相同。另 at all costs 意为"不惜一切代价". 9. attributed it to her firm belief in the future 「超级短语」"attribute……to","把……归因于……"是大学英语四级考查率 极高的一个语言点。 10. and not to let their parents down 超级短语」let……down(使……失望) , 形容词表示失望有 disappointed. 11. consider/take into account the factor of increasing price. 「超级单词」Take…… into account=take…… into consideration 把……考虑 在内 12. did he notice me and shouted with happiness 「超级句型」这是 only 引起的半倒装句,only+强调内容+助动词+主语+谓 语+其它 13. let alone discuss with him「超级短语」let alone 用作连词,译为"更不用说 了" 14. turn to their parents「超级短语」turn to sb. for help 求助于别人 15. would have survived「超级句型」在虚拟条件句中,如果表示与过去事实 相反的情况,从句用过去完成时,而主句中则用"情态动词+现在完成时",即 would/ could/ should/ might have done


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