Reading and vocabulary
Look at the following pictures and guess what we will learn in the class.
? Read the text quickly and choose
the best title.
/>? 1 Saying It Without Words
? 2 When in Rome, Do as the Romans
? 3 Greetings Around the World
? 4 Read My Mind
Skimming Read the passage and
match column A with column B
Para 1 Para 2 Examples Para 3 of Para 4 greetings Para 5 B greetings in Asian countries ways of communication fascinating body language Body language is fascinating for us to study. American youth’s greeting today
A 1.Europeans and Americans 2. American youths 3. Chinese 4. Muslims 5. Hindus
B a. Touching their heart, mouth and forehead b. Shaking hands with their right hands c. Joining their hands and bowing their heads in respect d. Putting the right hand over the left and bowing slightly e. Greeting each other with the expression, “Give me five!”
Read the text carefully again and
finish the following two tasks:
I. Decide whether the statements are
true (T) or false (F).
II. Choose the best answers.
Decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). (1) Unconscious body language is used when we are introduced to strangers. ( F ) (2) We always feel relaxed when meeting strangers. ( F ) (3) Every culture has developed a formal way to greet strangers to show them we are not aggressive. ( T ) (4) Europeans shake hands with their left hands. ( F ) (5) We shake hands when we make a deal. ( T )
Choose the best answers.
1. What does the word “communication” mean in the passage? A. Words and sentences. B. Unconscious body language. C. “Learned” body language. D. D All of the above.
2. “Shaking hands” means all the following EXCEPT “_______”. A. we agree and we trust each other B. we are not aggressive C. we respect each other D. D our right hands are strongest
3. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Giving a “salaam” is a kind of “learned” body language. B. A “high five” is a formal style of B greeting. C. When we make a deal we shake hands. D. In Asia, touching each other when they meet isn’t a common greeting.
4. Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the phrase “give away” in the last paragraph? A. Give sb. sth. for free. B. Throw away. C. Give up. D. Make sth. known to sb. D
5. What’s the author’s purpose in writing the passage? A. To teach us how to greet others. B. To advise us to use “learned” body language. C. C To offer us some information about “learned” body language. D. To let us know why we shake hands when we meet.
Fill in the form:
How they greet traditionally Put the right hand over the left and bow slightly.
Touch their heart, mouth Muslims and forehead. (salaam)
Join their hands and bow Hindus their heads in respect.
Let’s imitate the ways of greeting of the different people, such as Eurpeans, Chinese, Muslims, Hindus, American youths.
Europeans and Americans
Filling the blanks
We use both _____ body language words and _____________ to express our thoughts and opinions and to ____________ communicate with other people. Just like spoken language, body language _____ varies from culture to culture.
Every culture has developed a formal way to greet ____ strangers. Traditionally, Europeans and Americans ___________. shake hands They do this with the _____ right hand. That means I trust you. I’m not carrying a __________ weapon. threatening Greetings in _____ Asian countries do not ______ touching the other person, but involve they always involve the hands.
Today American youths often greet each other with the expression, “___________!” Give me five Body language is fascinating for anyone to study. People give ___a____ away much more by their _______ gestures than by their words.
______ words words and spoken written words communic sentences ations body body positions language __________ body language unconscious _______body language learned
Language points 1. Although these are very important, we communicate with more than just spoken and written words. 尽管这些很重要, 但我们并不只是通 过口头和书面语言交流。 more than “不只是”, “远甚于” It is more than a museum; it’s a school.
2. Like other animals, we are on guard until we know it is safe to relax. 我们感觉到很安全才会放松, 否则 将一直处于戒备状态。 be on guard 有警惕, 心存戒备
3. If our right hand is busy greeting someone, it cannot be holding a weapon. 如果我们的右手忙着和别人打招呼, 就不可能握有武器了。 be busy doing sth / be busy with sth. 忙着做某事
4. Nowadays, it is quite a common greeting. 现在, 它是一种很常见的打招呼方 式。 quite通常放在冠词a/an 的前面。 quite a success 非常成功
1. vary 【语境展示】 1) People’s reactions to the drug vary widely. 人们对药品的反应差异很大。 2) The samples varied in quality but were generally acceptable. 样品质量不等，但总体来说还能接受。
3) The colours of tree leaves vary with the season. 树叶的颜色随着季节的变化而改变。 4) Ticket prices vary from one airline to another. 机票的价格在不同的航空公司之间有 差别。 5) The doctor tries to vary the patient’s diet. 医生试图调整病人的饮食。
【总结归纳】 vary vi. 不同; 改变; 变化, 常用搭配有vary in 在……方面不同；vary with随着……而 变化；vary from不同于……; vary from ... to ... 由……到……情况不等; vary between ... and ... 由……到……情况不 等。 vt. 变更; 使变化。
【链接】 variable （likely to change often） adj. 可变的；变化无常的 various (several different types of something) adj. 各种各样的；不同的 varied (many different kinds of things or people) adj. 不同的, 各式各样的 variety n. 多样化，种类 variation n. 变化
【即学即练】 根据所给的汉语提示完成下 列句子，每空一词。 1. 这些花的颜色和大小都不相同，但都很 漂亮。 The flowers ____ _____ ____ vary __ in colour and ____ size but all of them are beautiful. 2. 这家宾馆每个房间的费用由20美元到30 美元不等。 The charge for a room in this hotel _____ varies _________ between $20 and $30.
3. 一般来说，水果和蔬菜的价格随季 节变化而变化。 Generally speaking, prices of fruit and vegetables _____ varies _____ with the season.
spread 【语境展示】 1) He spread a mat on the floor. 他在地板上铺上了一张席子。 2) The city has spread quickly. 这城市扩展得很快。 3) A wide stretch of land spread in front of us. 展现在我们面前的是一片广阔的土地。
4) The news quickly spread abroad. 消息迅速传开。 5) The fire spread quickly through the forest. 大火迅速在整个林区蔓延。 6) The spread of the disease frightened the villagers. 疾病的蔓延使村民害怕。
【总结归纳】 spread vt. 铺开；展开；伸开。 vi. 伸展，延伸；传播，传开; 蔓延, 传 染。 n. 传播，传布。 【拓展】 spread out 张开；伸开；铺开。如： He spread out his hands and found the coin had been gone. 他伸开手发现硬币不见了。
【即学即练】英译汉。 1. Mom spread a new tablecloth on the table. 妈妈铺了一张新的桌布在桌子上。 2. She was told not to spread this secret around. 她被告知不要把这个秘密传出去。
3. The fire spread from the factory to the buildings nearby.
SENTENCE EXPLANATIONS 1. We see examples of unconscious body language very often, yet there is also “learned” body language, which varies from culture to culture. = Though examples of unconscious body language are often seen, yet there is different “learned” body language in different cultures.
本句是一个并列句。连词yet在句中表示 “然而”，连接两个并列的分句。yet前 的分句是一个主谓宾结构的简单句，yet 后的分句是一个含有定语从句的复合句 ，其中which引导的非限制性定语从句修 饰“learned” body language。
2. Like other animals, we are on guard until we know it is safe to relax. = We human beings as well as other animals pay more attention to what is happening in order to avoid danger before we feel safe and relaxed. 本句是一个复合句。Like other animals是 介词短语作状语；until引导的是时间状语 从句，其中know后面的it is safe to relax是 省略了引导词that的宾语从句。
3. Muslims give a “salaam”, where they touch their heart, mouth and forehead. = When Muslims salaam someone, they touch their heart, mouth and forehead. 本句是一个复合句。where引导的非限制 性定语从句修饰先行词“salaam”， where在定语从句中作状语。salaam在这 里作名词，意为“额手礼”，它也可用 作动词，表示“行额手礼”。
1. Complete the exercises related to Vocabulary and Reading in the Workbook on page 80—82. 2. Greetings vary from culture to culture. Summarize the greetings in different countries according to the passage.