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高二英语寒假作业1


介休一中 2017—2018 学年上学期高二寒假作业

英语试题(一)
第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节,20 小题;每小题 3 分满分 60 分) 第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A An old lady in a plane had a blanket (毯子) over her head and she did not want to take it off . The air hostess spoke to her, but the old lady said, “I have never been in a plane before, and I am frightened. I am going to keep this blanket over my head until we are back on the ground again!” Then the captain came. He said, “Madam, I am the captain of this plane. The weather is fine, there are no clouds in the sky, and everything is going very well. ”But she continued to hide. So the captain turned and started to go back. Then the old lady looked out from under the blanket with one eye and said, “I am sorry, young man, but I don’t like planes and I am never going to fly again. But I’ll say one thing. ”She continued kindly, “You and your wife keep your plane very clean!” 21. An old lady had _________. A. glasses B. a blanket over her head C. a coat D. a basket 22. She didn’t want to ________. A. take it off B. turn it off C. get on D. talk about it 23. The old lady had never been _________ before. A. abroad B. home C. in a plane D. in hospital 24. The woman didn’t like planes and she was never going ________ . A. to fly again B. to travel C. to go abroad D. to go home B Advertisements ★Share Flat. Happy Valley big flat, 1 room ready for use immediately, quiet and convenient, fully furnished, park view. $6,800 including bills with maid( 女 仆 ). Female nonsmoker. No pet. Sara 25720836 or 10077809. ★Moving Sale: 2 armchairs, red/brown at $400 each; coffee table, black, wood, $800; oil painting, big, $900; Tianjin carpet, green, 3×7, $600; double bed, $500; mirror, big square, $500; fridge, big, double-door, $1,000; old pictures, $140 up, each. Tel: Weekend, 2521-6011; Weekday, 2524-5867. ★ Part-time Laboratory Assistant Wanted. Required by busy electronics company to help with development of computer. Should have an electronics degree and some practical experience of working in an electronics laboratory. Hours 9:30am---1:00pm, Mon---Fri. Fourteen days, paid leave. Salary 6,598---10,230 dependent on experience. Letter of application to: Mrs. G Chan, NOVA ELECTRONICS, 45 Gordon RD, Hung Hom Knowloon.

25. The one who puts on the first advertisement probably wants to ______. A. rent a beautiful flat of her own in Happy valley B. find another lady to share the cost to rent a flat C. share her room in a flat with whoever has no pet D. find a maid to look after herself 26. According to the advertisements, you may______. A. buy an old picture for $150 B. Call 25720836 to see a beautiful park C. buy two armchairs for $400 D. hire a maid by paying $6,800. 27. If you want to buy some old furniture, you should______. A. get in touch with NOVA ELECTRONICS B. call 2524-5867 any day except Monday C. do it before you move to another place D. call either 2524-5867 on Monday or 2521-6011 on Saturday 28. Once you get a part-time job in NOVA ELECTRONICS,______. A. you will be given 14 days off each year besides weekends B. you will get $6,598 each month no matter how experienced you are. C. you have to work at least 4 hours a day D. you should write a letter of application to Mrs. G Chan C When asked to point out one or two things that are most important to themselves, many put friends ahead of homes, jobs, clothes and cars. A true friendship carries a long history of experience that determines who we are and keeps us connected. It is a treasure we should protect. Unfortunately, the better friends you are, the more probably you'll have disagreements. And the result can be what you don't want ---- an end to the relationship. The good news is that most troubled friendships can be mended. First, don’t let your pride get in your way. Most of us can forgive each other when differences are brought out in the open. Second, apologize when you're wrong ---- even if you have been wronged. Over the course of a friendship, even the best people make mistakes. Sometimes, it may be best if the wronged person takes the lead and apologizes. When you apologize, give your friend a chance to admit that he has been wrong. Third, see things from your friend's point of view. And finally, accept that friendships change as our needs and lifestyles change. Making friends can sometimes seem easy. The hard part is keeping the connections strong during the natural ups and downs that have an effect on all relationships. My suggestion: Consider friendship an honor and a gift, and worth the effort to treasure and nurture (培养). 29. What would be the best title for the text? A. Easy Ways to Make Friends B. Ups and Downs in Friendship C. How to Mend a Troubled Friendship D. How to Take the Lead in Making Friends 30. The "wronged person" underlined in the text refers to a person ________. A. who has been mistaken for another B. who has been blamed unfairly

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C. who has treated friends badly D. who has admitted his mistakes 31. According to the text a friendship can last long only if ________. A. we have much in common B. we know our friends' mistakes C. we treat out disagreements wisely D. we have known one another for long 32. What should we do if we follow the author's second suggestion? A. Stick to our own points of view B. Avoid making mistakes C. Make an apology first. D. Change our lifestyles. D Superman, Spider-Man, Batman and Iron Man ... There is no shortage of superheroes. You find them in comic books, on the TV and the big screen. In a survey of fans by the sci-fi ( 科幻 ) and fantasy website, SFX.co.uk, Batman, 70 years old this year, was voted Britain's favorite superhero. Unlike many crime-fighting superheroes Batman has no special powers. He can't fly like Superman or shoot a sticky (粘性的) web like Spider-Man. Bruce Wayne is born to a wealthy Gotham City business family. However, when his parents are murdered his life changes completely. Wayne feels anger at their deaths and guilty that he did not prevent them. He travels around the world learning how to fight. Upon returning to Gotham, he creates a disguise (伪装) to enable him to fight crime without being recognized. A childhood fear of bats leads him to choose to dress as one. His idea is that through the bat persona (角色) he can prove to himself that he has overcome his childhood fears. Wayne is the CEO of the company he inherits ( 继承 ) from his father. He seems to live the lifestyle of a millionaire playboy. But this is a ruse ( 计策 ). He works hard at the image to allow himself the freedom he needs to do his work as a crime fighter. "Bruce Wayne, playboy" is the disguise (伪装); Batman is the real person. "Wayne is not a born superhero. Instead, he is a real, complex person," said Dace Golder, editor of the website. "He is the most realistic of all the superheroes. I am particularly interested in the emotional process by which a boy becomes a hero. His superhero qualities come from within." 33. What is the article mainly about? A. How Bruce Wayne develops into a superhero. B. How to overcome childhood fears. C. What makes a superhero. D. Why superheroes enjoy great popularity in Britain. 34. Bruce Wayne decides to dress like a bat because of ______ . A. his curiosity about bats B. his childhood fear of bats C. his parents' sudden death D. his unusual travel experiences 35. Which of the following statements is true about Batman? A. Batman is a born superhero B. He has special powers C. The turning point of his life is due to his parents' sudden death

D. He actually lives the lifestyle of a millionaire playboy 第二节 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 Speaking in public is most people’s least favorite thing. The reason is that we are all afraid of making fool of ourselves. 36 . But stop biting your finger-nails. Public speaking is easy. It’s just plain talking, and you talk all the time. Although I’m basically shy (honest!). I’ve been making speeches and talking on radio and television for more than 30 years. And I can tell you that public speaking is not a “gift” like musical talent, so 37 .Here are some of the lessons I have learned: Your audience is going to go away with one or two of your main ideas. One or two. Not ten or twenty . 38 .And if you don't have a clear idea of what you want to say, there's no way your audience will. 39 —how you are going to open, what major points you want to make and how you're going to close. When I do a radio or TV piece, I often write the last sentence first. 40 .A strong close is critical; the last thing you say is what your audience will most likely remember. The standard length of an audio-visual act is usually 12 minutes . If all those performers singing and dancing their hearts out couldn't go on longer without boring the audience, what makes you think you can? A. Some people are born to be good at making speech B. Anybody who can talk can speak in public C. Try to relax yourself before making the speech D. The more important the speech is, the more frightened we become E. If you can't express in a sentence or two what you intend to get across, then your speech is not focused well enough. F. When you know where you're heading, you can choose any route to get there G. No matter how long or short your speech is, you've got to get your ideas organized. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Everyone gets angry sometimes, but being angry doesn't really solve much. Your goal is to calm yourself down. This is 41 for some people. Instead of calming down, they might get more and more upset 42 they explode like a volcano (火山 ). Some people might say they have trouble 43_ their temper. Sometimes angry feelings can be hard to 44 . So what do you do if your temper is like a volcano? Well, the good news is 45 people don't keep making the same mistakes over and over again. You can train your temper. Here are steps you can 46 at any time.

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Get a lot of 47 activity. Exercise can be good because it is a way of 48 energy and stress. You can dance around your room 49 your favorite music, too. Talk to your mom or dad. If you're having trouble with your temper, tell your parents you're trying to do a 50 job of controlling yourself. Let them know you are going to ask for their help. Put 51 into words. Get into the habit of saying what you are feeling and why. 52 using words might help you manage your strong feelings and behaviors. Take a break from the 53 . If you are in an argument with someone, go to another part of your house. You can just say, "I want to be 54 for a while so I can calm down. " Go into a 55 . If you feel angry and think you need a timeout to calm down, don’t 56_ your parents to tell you to take a timeout for yourself. Let your family know that when you're taking a timeout, they need to 57 your space and leave you alone. While you are sitting in your chair, try to take deep 58 Learn to shift. The idea is to shift from a really angry mood to a better mood. After you 59 the angry feelings out, you have to start thinking about other things, You can say, "I 60 my temper, but I'm going to get myself under control now. " 41. A. usual B. common C. hard D. easy 42. A. when B. until C. while D. since 43. A. controlling B. developing C. control D. develop 44. A. affect B. manage C. find D. effect 45. A. what B. which C. / D. that 46. A. direct B. bring C. take D. change 47. A. physical B. mental C. scientific D. spiritual 48. A. sending off B. giving off C. getting off D. burning off 49. A. with B. to C. on D. about 50. A. more B. better C. less D. smaller 51. A. feelings B. hearings C. actions D. sayings 52. A. Although B. Since C. So D. But 53. A. backyard B. condition C. situation D. house 54. A. lonely B. alone C. friendless D. distant 55. A. condition B. room C. place D. timeout 56. A. look for B. ask for C. call for D. wait for 57. A. respect B. give C. offer D. make 58. A. feelings B. coughs C. sighs D. breaths 59. A. remove B. set C. give D. get 60. A. lost B. mastered C. held D. developed 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Alan: So, what do you want to do tomorrow? Emily: Well, let's look at this city guide here. Uh, here's something 61 (interest). Why don't we first visit the Art Museum in the morning?

Alan: Okay. I like that idea. Where shall we go 62 lunch? Emily: How about 63 (go) to an Indian restaurant? The guide recommends 64 not far from the museum. Alan: That sounds great. After that, what do you think about visiting the zoo? Well, it says there are some unique animals not 65 (find) anywhere else. Emily: Well, to tell the 66 (true), I'm not really interested in going there. Why don't we go shopping? There are supposed to be some really nice places 67 we can pick up some bargains. Alan: Nah, I don't think that's a good idea. We only have a few traveler's checks left. And I only have fifty dollars left in cash. Emily: Don't worry. We can use your credit card to pay. Alan: Oh, no. I remember the last time you 68 (use) my credit card for your new clothes. Emily: Oh well, let's take the subway down to the seashore 69 walk along the beach. Alan: I couldn't agree 70 . It sounds like a wonderful plan. 第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上英语老师要求同桌之间互相修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在该词下面写出该加的词。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及修改均仅限一词。 2、只允许修改 10 处,多者(从 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Mr. Brown, I’m very thankful to you for invite me to stay with you in London in the coming vocation. I have been dreamed of seeing you again so that I can get more help from you in my English learning. And I’m afraid I can’t go to your place in this summer. I have promised my grandmother, she lives in the country, to spend the summer on her. She misses me too much that I find that difficult to refuse her request. I’m busy now preparing for several examination. I plan to visit you in winter if it convenient to you. Best wishes Sincerely yours 第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假设我校举办以“讲求文明,从我做起”为主题的征文活动,请你以“On the Way to School”为 题,写一篇英语短文。(100 字左右) 1.遵守交通规则; 内容主要包括: 靠右骑车; 绿灯时才横过马路。 行走时,用人行横道 (zebra crossing) 2. 注意举止文明。不乱扔垃圾。不随地吐痰(No spitting)

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