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(一) 重点短语
1. have a good summer holiday
2. come back from… 3. work for … 4. learn…from 5. have a hard/ happy life 6. in the past/ future 7. in detail 8. have no chance to do sth. 9. afford ( to do) sth 10. get a good education 11. give support to sb. 过一个愉快的暑假 从……回来 为……工作 从……当中学习 过着艰苦的/ 幸福的生活 在过去/ 在将来 详细地 没有机会做某事 担负得起(做)某事 获得良好的教育 给某人帮助/支持

12. with the development of …
13. used to do sth. 14. make progress 15. thanks to 16. stand for 17. with the help of…

过去常做某事 取得进步 多亏; 幸亏;由于 代表 在……的帮助下


用法一: 表示过去已经发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果 即“过去的动作 + 现在的结果”, 强调结果。
栗子: I have bought a new bike. (= I bought a new bike, and I have a new bike now.) 我已经买了一辆新的自行车。(强调我现在有了一辆新车。)

用法二: 过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或者状态 I have studied English for five years.

构成形式: 助动词have / has + 动词的过去分词
1, 肯定句: 否定句: 回答: I have seen the film. I haven’t seen the film. Yes, I have. 我已经看过这部电影。 我没看过这部电影。 你看过这部电影了吗?

一般疑问句: Have you seen the film?

是的,我看过了。No, I haven’t.不,我没看过。 你已经做了什么? 他已经完成了任务。

2. 肯定句: 否定句:

What have you done?

He has finished the task.

He hasn’t finished the task. 他还没有完成任务。 他已经完成任务了吗?

一般疑问句: Has he finished the task? 回答:

Yes, he has. 是的,他完成了。 No, he hasn’t. 不,他没有完成。 What has he finished? 他完成了什么?


have/ has been to与 have/ has gone to和have/has been in
have/ has been to + 某地, 曾经去过某地(可以和次数连用) have /has gone to + 某地, 已经去了某地(不和一段时间或次数连用) have /has been in 与一段时间连用,表示呆在某地多长时间 栗子: (1)I have been to Xiamen twice. 我去过厦门两次。 (2)--- Where is Jim? 吉姆在哪儿? --- He has gone to the library? 他去图书馆了。 (3)JAY has been in FZ for 4 years.

thanks to /thanks for
thanks to 多亏,由于 thanks for 为· · · · 而感谢

(1) ( )inviting us to your birthday party, we had a wonderful evening.

(2) ---It is a great success. ---( )a lot of hard work.

because/because of

because of 后面只能接名词(短语),代词或者动名词
沙场点兵: (1) we had to put off the sports meeting ( )the weather.

(2) --why didn't Jane go to school yesterday? --( )she was ill.

1.Parents couldn’t afford education for their children. 父母供不起孩子上学。 afford 常与can, could 或 be able to 连用,尤其用于否定句或疑问句,表 “负担得起(做)某事;抽得出(时间)” “(can’t/ couldn’t) afford (to do) sth.” 如: We can’t afford (to buy ) this house because we don’t have enough money. 我们买不这房了,因为我们没有足够的钱。 He felt he couldn’t afford any time to play football. 他觉得自己没有时间踢球了。 2.Our government gives support to poor families.我们的政府能为贫困家庭提供帮 助。 give support to sb.= give sb. support 为某人提供帮助/ 支持 support作动词时表“供养;支持;支撑”,如: She had to support her family at the age of ten. 她十岁时就得养家。

His parents supported him in his decision.他的父母支持他的决定。

Fill in the blanks. made great progress 1. Li Ming has ________________ (取得很大进步) in English, because he studies hard. 2. China has succeeded in (获得成功)

sending ______ (send) Shenzhou VII into
space. already 3. I have _______( 已经) had lunch. I am full.

Useful expressions

?_____ How was your trip? ?In one place I saw children ____________ working for a cruel boss. ?I felt sorry _____ for them. ? There _________ goes the bell. ?I’ve _________ a lot __________ it. learnt from ?Though I had no time ___________, to travel I still felt very happy. ?Can you describe it ___________? in detail ?Is that _____? so

?The government _______________ gives support to poor families, so... ?_________________________ With the development of China, all those things have changed. ?People ________________ kept in touch with their friends and relatives far __________ mainly by letter or away telegram. ?Beijing has made rapid progress and it has already succeeded _____________ hosting the 2008 in Olympic Games. ?__________ Thanks to the government’s efforts, Li Ming’s hometown is becoming better and better.

Translate the following sentences into English.

1. 吉姆已做完作业,他现在有空了。 Jim has finished doing his homework already.
He is free now. 2. 他昨天收到一封信。 He received a letter yesterday. 3. 我父亲到长城去了。 My father has gone to the Great Wall.

4. 她还没有看过那部新电影。 She hasn't seen the new film.
5. 他这些天上哪儿去了?

Where has he been these days?


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