永登一中 2016—2017 学年第一学期末考试卷
高一 英语 第I卷 第一部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出 最佳选项.
The Taj Mahal is considered to be one o
f the most beautiful building in the world and the finest example of the late style of Indian architecture. It is at Agra in northern India. It lies beside the River Jumna in the middle of gardens with quiet pools. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jehan, who ruled India in the th 17 century. It is in memory of his favorite wife, Arjumand Banu Bagam, known as Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631.The building, which was completed between 1632 and 1638, was designed by a local Muslim architect(建筑师) Ustad Ahmad Lahori. The whole building, with gardens and gateway structures, was completed in 1643. The Taj Mahal stands at one end of the garden tomb with marble(大理石) path. The room is softly lighted by the light that passes through double screens of carved marble set high in the walls. The building now is kept in good condition. The Taj Mahal took 23 years to build. Shah Jehan planned a similar building, but in black instead of white, to lie on the other side of the river. But before it could be built, Shan Jehan was imprisoned(监禁) by his son and buried next to his wife in the Taj Mahal. 1. The Taj Mahal was built for_______. A. Mumtaz B. Shah C. Either Mumtaz or Shah D. Both Mumtaz or Shah 2. Why do you think Shah Jehan was buried next to his wife? A. His own tomb hadn’t been built. B. He hoped to be buried there. C. King and Queen should be buried together. D. He liked Mumtaz all his life. 3. The passage mainly tells us _______. A. why the Taj Mahal was built B. the love story between Shah and Mumtaz C. some information about the Taj Mahal D. the Taj Mahal--- the pride of Indians
高一 英语 第 1 页 共 8 页
There is an old saying in China that goes, ―The days of the Sanjiu period are the coldest days.‖ ―Sanjiu period‖ , which is in Minor Cold, refers to the third nine-day period (the l9th to the 27th day) after the day of the Winter Solstice(冬至). There are many different customs related to Minor Cold in China. Eating hotpot During Minor Cold people should eat some hot food to benefit the body and defend against the cold weather. Winter is the best time to have hotpot and braised mutton with soy sauce. But it is important to notice that too much spicy food may cause health problems. Eating huangyacai In Tianjin, there is a custom to have huangyacai, a kind of Chinese cabbage, during Minor Cold. There are large amounts of vitamins A and B in huangyacai. As huangyacai is fresh and tender, it is fit for frying, roasting and braising. Eating glutinous rice (糯米饭) According to tradition, the Cantonese eat glutinous rice in the morning during Minor Cold. Cantonese people add some fried preserved (腌制的) pork, sausage and peanuts and mix them into the rice. Eating vegetable rice In ancient times, people in Nanjing took Minor Cold quite seriously, but as time went by, the celebration of Minor Cold gradually disappeared. However, the custom of eating vegetable rice is still followed today. The rice is steamed and is unspeakably delicious. Among the ingredients (原料), aijiaohuang (a kind of green vegetable), sausage and salted duck are the specialties in Nanjing. 4. What do we know about Minor Cold? A. It refers to the Winter Solastice. B. The Sanjiu period is in this period. C. It lasts twenty-seven days. D. It marks the first day of winter. 5. What is a special custom in Tianjin in Minor Cold？ A. Eating hotpot. B. Having huangyacai. C. Having vitamin A and B pills. D. Buying cabbage. 6. How do the Cantonese eat glutinous rice? A. They fry and toast it. B. They eat it for dinner. C. They mix it with many other things. D. They steam it with soy sauce. 7. This text may be taken from the ________ column (栏目) of a newspaper. A. travel B. culture C. fashion D. science
第 2 页 共 8 页
The clock struck eleven at night. The whole house was quiet. Everyone was in bed except me. Under the strong light, I looked sadly before a huge pile of troublesome stuff they call “books”.I was going to have my examination the next day. "When can I go to bed?" I asked myself. I didn’t answer, in fact I dared not. The clock struck 12."Oh, dear!" I cried, "ten more books to read before I can go to bed!” We pupils are the most wretched creatures in the world. Dad does not agree with me on this. He did not have to work so hard when he was a boy ." The clock struck one. I was quite hopeless now. I forgot all I had learnt. I was too tired to go on. I did the only thing I could. I prayed, “Oh, God, Please help me pass the exam tomorrow. I do promise to work hard afterwards, Amen.” My eyes were heavy, so heavy that I could hardly open them. A few minutes later, with my head on the desk, I fell asleep. 8. When the author was going over his lessons, all the others in the house were_____ . A. asleep B. working in bed C. outside D. quietly laughing at him 9. Reviewing his lessons didn’t help him because ________. . A. it was too late at night B. he was very tired C. his eyes l ids were so heavy that he couldn’t keep them open D. he hadn’t studied hard before the examination 10. What do you suppose happened to the author？ A. He went to a church to pray again B. He passed the exam by luck C. He failed in the exam D. He was punished by his teacher 11. The best title for the passage would be __________ . A. The Night Before the Examination B. Working Far into the Night C. A Slow Student D. Going Over My Lessons
Eat like a king in the morning, a prince at noon, and a peasant at night. This saying is all about the importance of breakfast. And now scientists can tell us just why it’s so important. According to a study carried out at Imperial College London, UK, skipping the first meal of the day not only means you eat more at lunch, but also that your brain wants to find more unhealthy foods. The study suggests that there is a special part of our brain called the orbit frontal cortex (眶额皮层), which plays an important part in making choices about what we eat. It is used for identifying the taste of food, especially when skipping breakfast. It is more likely to target high-calorie foods when you’re on an empty stomach.
高一 英语 第 3 页 共 8 页
Scientists did an experiment on this. Dr Tony Goldstone from Imperial College London, scanned (扫描) the brains of 21 men and women, around the age of 25. On the first day, these people skipped breakfast before the scans. On the second day, they had cereal (谷物), bread and jam as breakfast. After the scan on both days, they had their lunch. When the volunteers had skipped breakfast, they ate around 20 percent more at lunch, compared with days when they had eaten breakfast. Their brain scans also showed the orbit frontal cortex was especially responsive to high-calorie foods. ―We believe that bit identifies the value of foods – how pleasant, how delicious something is,‖ Goldstone told The Guardian. 12. From Paragraph 1, we learn that _____. A. scientists found out why eating breakfast is important B. it’s easy to lose weight without breakfast C. there’s no need to have good food for supper D. eating breakfast makes your brain smarter 13. Which is the correct order for the experiment on the first day? ① The volunteers skipped breakfast. ② The volunteers had lunch. ③ The volunteers had a brain scan. A.①②③ B.③②① C.①③② D.③①② 14. Which of the following is NOT true about the orbit frontal cortex? A. It is part of our brain. B. It tells people to eat breakfast. C. It decides which food we like. D. It is active toward high-calorie foods. 15. Which of the following can be the title for this passage? A. Breakfast still most important B. Three meals a day C. Experiments on breakfast D. Researches on lunch
第二节 根据短文内容,从所给选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选 项。选项中的两项为多余选项。（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
Making Peace with Your Parents As a teen, you’re going through big changes physically and mentally. Your interests are expanding. 16__ Here is the challenge：Kids need to explore the world in new ways, and parents need to protect them from the dangers all out in that world. These conflicts（冲突） can easily set off fireworks in otherwise calm houses. Sometimes conflicts can’t be avoided. But by paying attention to the building blocks of successful relationships, you can work towards making home a happy and healthy place for you and your parents. For instance, try to find a time to talk when your parents all not angry, tired, distracted, or hungry. A good time to talk is when you’re all relaxed. Timing is everything.
高一 英语 第 4 页 共 8 页
If the conversation begins to turn into an argument, you’d better calmly and coolly ask to stop the conversation--for now. 17 Listen to what your parents are saying, and repeat it back to them. This shows them that you’re listening. __18_ Respect is the building block of good communication. People who respect each other and care about each others’ feelings can disagree without things getting ugly. _19_ How do you build trust? Trust comes by actually doing what you say you’re going to do. Some teens find that doing fun activities with their parents can improve their relationships. Sometimes we forget that parents are more than rule-makers----they’re interesting people who like to watch movies. And go shopping----just like their teenagers! What do you do if you are trying your best, but your relationship with your parents continues to be rocky? 20 You can find supportive adults, such as a teacher or a coach, who can lend an ear. Remember you can only change your own behavior. Your parents are the only ones who can change theirs. A．You are more likely to get along with your parents and have more independence if your parents believe in you. B．And your desire to take control of your own life is growing. C．And then you’ll be able to accept what your parents say. D．Faced with the challenge, children don’t know what to do. E．You may consider seeking outside help. F．You can pick it up again when everyone’s more relaxed. G．It also gives them a chance to clear things up if you’re not on the same page.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共三节，满分 75 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中， 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.
Mr. Jackson was blind from birth. He owned a fruit 21 on a very busy street. 22 he was visually disabled, he ran his business pretty handsomely. He could see nothing and he could only 23 the things within his reach. 24 ，he was able to deal with it and was satisfied with everything he had. One day his son came to him. He told Mr. Jackson in 25 that he read in the newspaper of a 26 who could operate on his eyes and allow him to see. The father and son traveled to the doctor and paid for the 27 . After the operation, the doctor asked Mr. Jackson：―What is the first thing you are 28 to see when I take the bandages (绷带) off？‖ He replied，―I really want to see my beautiful 29 on my stand！‖
第 5 页 共 8 页
The doctor and the son 30 Mr. Jackson down to the busy street where his fruit stand had been located for so many years. The doctor 31 unwrapped the bandages 32 he could lay his eyes on the beautiful fruit! Mr. Jackson was so full of 33 that he could finally see his life's work—taking care of his fruit! After a few hours of 34 his beautiful fruit stand, he looked down the street both ways and saw there were quite a few fruit stands in both directions. He looked 35 the street and saw many other fruit stands. He spent so much time looking at other people's fruit stands and 36 the competition that soon his own business 37 . From Mr. Jackson's failure, we should know that everyone is a 38 individual(个 人，个体)with different fingerprints, DNA and thinking. What we need to do is just be ourselves and 39 everyone else to be who they are. Mind our own business and we should never be afraid of the 40 . 21．A.stand 22．A.Because 23．A.remember 24．A.Therefore 25．A.pride 26．A.doctor 27．A.information 28．A.nervous 29．A.flowers 30．A.sent 31．A.suddenly 32．A.so that 33．A.regret 34．A.enjoying 35．A.above 36．A.preparing for 37．A.improved 38．A.simple 39．A.force 40．A.competition B．company B. As B．describe B．However B．doubt B. nurse B．medicine B．lucky B．vegetables B．accompanied B．curiously B．in case B．joy B．checking B．within B．focusing on B．failed B．reliable B．require B．change C．store D．center C．Although D．When C．imagine D．feel C．Otherwise D．Besides C．excitement D．surprise C．chemist D．volunteer C．service D．operation C．eager D．afraid C．fruit D．clothing C．followed D．invited C．carefully D．firmly C．even if D．if only C．courage D．sadness C．judging D．making C．through D．across C．worrying about D．taking up C．appeared D．expanded C．unique D．perfect C．persuade D．allow C．difference D．disability
第 6 页 共 8 页
第 II 卷 第二节 英汉互译
(41—60 小题，每小题 1 分, 61—65 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分。) A．单词填空 41.He offered guidance to poor black people on their (法律的)problems. 42.Black people could not (投票，选举)or choose their leaders. 43.This kind of information is called (证据). 44.The (设计)of the room was in a fancy style popular in the those days. 45.Where did the (古代的)Olympic games start? 46.Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be (承认；接纳)as competitors. 47.Although I was young I could (简化) difficult sums. 48.I could think (合逻辑地)and produce an answer quicker than any person. 49.One day she woke up and found a flying (地毯). 50.It contains a (强大的) drug which affects mosquitoes. B．短语填空 51.I worried about whether I would become (失业). 52.Mr Mandela and the ANC (当权；上台) in 1994. 53. (作为报答，回报）, the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers 54.In (少于）)two days 100,000 pieces were put inside wooden boxes. 55.What do the five rings on the Olympic flag (代表；象征)? 56.He threw the golden apples (一个接一个地). 57. (从那时起), I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower. 58. (在某种程度上)our computers is like our coach. 59.As a result these endangered animals may even (灭亡). 60. (如释重负)Daisy burst out laughter. C．英译汉 61.As a matter of fact , I do not like violence. 62.This was a time when the two countries were at war. 63.That is the motto of the Olympics, you know-“Swifter, Higher and Stronger.” 64.Anyhow my goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality. 65.You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live and appreciate how the animals live together.
高一 英语 第 7 页 共 8 页
第三节 语篇语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的 正确形式。
Once there lived a rich man 66 _ wanted to do something for the people of his town. But first he wanted __67__ (find ) out whether they deserved his help. In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 68 very large stone. Then he 69_ (hide ) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow. ―Who put this stone in the centre of the road?‖ said the old man, _70 he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. Another man came along and did the same thing; then another came , and another. All of them complained 71 the stone but not tried to remove it . Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone, _ 72_ (say) to himself: ―The night _73_ (be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall over the stone.‖ Then he began to move the stone. He pushed with all his 74_ (strong) to move it. How great was ___75__(he) surprise at last! Under the stone, he found a bag of money!
第三部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
It was raining. In his way home from school Peter saw an old man walking with difficult in the rain without a umbrella. Peter went up to him and offered share the umbrella with him. The old man in poor health, so Peter tried to hold the umbrella. But he was so short to hold it high enough. While wondered what to do, he saw the old man's stick and had an idea. He had tied the stick to the handle of the umbrella and made them longer. Now we shared the umbrella and Peter was very happy.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
信头已给出,词数 100 字左右。
Dear students, With Reading Month coming, I call on everyone to read more in your spare time.
第 8 页 共 8 页