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定语从句-详解专题检测


定 语 从 句

定语从句: 修饰一个名词或代词的从句称为定语从句, 一般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词后面。 关系词:引导定语从句的关联词成为关系词 关系词有关系代词和关系副词。关系代词有 that, which, who, whom, whose, as等; 关系副词有where, when, why等。

关系词3个作用: 1,引导定语从句。 2,代替先行词。 3,在定语从句中担当一个成分。

5. whose通常指人,也可指物,在定语从 句中做定语 (1) He has a friend whose father is a doctor. (2) I once lived in a house whose roof has fallen in(倒塌).

whose指物时,常用以下结构来代替 The classroom whose door is broken will soon be repaired. The classroom the door of which is broken will soon be repaired. Do you like the book whose cover is yellow? Do you like the book the cover of which is yellow?

三,介词+关系代词引导的定语从句 关系代词在定语从句中做介词宾语时, 从句常由 “介词+关系代词”引导 The school (that/which) he once studied in is very famous. The school in which he once studied is very famous. Tomorrow I will bring here a magazine (that/which) you asked for. Tomorrow I will bring here a magazine for which you asked.

“介词+关系代词”前可有some, any, none, both, all, neither, most, each, few等代词 或者数词 (1) He loved his parents deeply, both of whom are very kind to him. (2) In the basket there are quite many apples, some of which have gone bad. (3) There are forty students in our class in all, most of whom are from big cities.

四.关系副词引导的定语从句 1. when指时间,在定语从句中做时间状语 (1) I still remember the day when I first came to the school. (2) The time when we got together finally came. 2. where指地点,在定语从句中做地点状语 (1) Shanghai is the city where I was born. (2) The house where I lived ten years ago has been pulled down.

3. why指原因,在定语从句中做原因状语 (1) Please tell me the reason why you missed the plane. 注意:关系副词可以用“介词+关系代词” 替换 The reason why / for which he refused the invitation is not clear, From the year when / in which he was going to school he began to know what he wanted when he grew up. Great changes have taken place in the city where / in which I was born.

限定性定语从句与 非限定性定语从句的区别

限制性定语从句

非限制性定语从句

形式上 不用逗号和主句隔开 用逗号隔开 意义上 是先行词不可缺少的 是对先行词的补充 说明,删除后意思 定语,不能删除 仍完整 译法上 翻译成先行词的定语, 通常翻译成主句的 “…的…” 并列句

关系词 A.做宾语时可省略 A.不可省 的使用 B .可用that B。不用that

限制性定语从句举例: The teacher told me that Tom was the only person that I could depend on. China is a country which has a long history..
非限制性定语从句举例: 这两句可否去掉 His mother, who loves him very much, is strict with him. 逗号变成限定性 China, which was founded in 1949, is 定语从句? becoming more and more powerful.

难点分析 (一)限制性定语从句只能用that的几种情况 1.当先行词是anything, everything, nothing, few, all, none, little, some等代词时,或者是由 every, any, all, some, no, little, few, much等修 饰时.

2. 当先行词被序数词修饰 (1) The first place that they visited in London was the Big Ben. 3. 当先行词被形容词最高级修饰时 (1) This is the best film that I have seen. 4. 当形容词被the very, the only 修饰时 (1) This is the very dictionary that I want to buy, (2) After the fire in his house, the old car is the only thing that he owned.

5. 当先行词前面有who, which等疑问代词 时 (1) Who is the man that is standing there? (2) Which is the T-shirt that fits me most? 6. 当先行词既有人,也有动物或者物体时 (1) Can you remember the scientist and his theory that we have learned?

(二)关系代词as和which引导的定语从句 as和which引导非限制性定语从句,有相 同之处也有不同之处。具体情况是: 1.As和which都可以在定语从句中做主语 或者宾语,代表前面整个句子。 (1) He married her, as/which was natural. (2) He was honest, as/which we can see. 2. as 引导非限制性定语从句,可放在主 句之前,或者主句之后;which引导的非限 制性定语从句只能放在主句之后。另外, as有“正如……,正像……”的意思

(1) As is known to all, China is a developing country. (2) He is from the south, as we can see from his accent. (3) John, as you know, is a famous writer. (4) He has been to Paris more than several times, which I don’t believe.

3. 当先行词受such, so, the same修饰时, 常用as. (1) I have never heard such a story as he tells. (2) He is not such a fool as he looks. (3) This is the same book as I lost last week. 注意:当先行词由the same修饰时,偶 尔也用that引导定语从句,但是和由as所 引导的定语从句意思不同。

(4) She wore the same dress that she wore at Mary’s wedding. 她穿着她在玛丽 婚礼上穿过的一条裙子。 (5) She wore the same dress as her young sister wore. 她穿着和她妹妹所穿 的一样的裙子。

(三)以the way为先行词的定语从句 通常由in which, that引导,而且通常可 以省略。 (1) The way in which/ that/./ he answered the question was surprising.

(四) but有时也可以做关系词引导定语从句 (1) There are very few but understand his idea. ( but= who don’t )

定语从句巩固与练习

1.His parents wouldn’t let him marry anyone ______ family was poor. A.of whom B.whom C.of whose D.whose



2.In the dark street , there wasn’t a single person _____ she could turn for help. A.that B.who C.from whom D.to whom 3.The weather turned out to be very good , ____ was more than we could expect. A.what B.which C.that D.it





5.After living in Pairs for fifty years he returned to the small town ____ he grew up as a child. A.which B.where C.that D.when 6.Carol said the work would be done by October, __personally I doubt very much. A. it B.that C.when D.which 7.Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, ________,of course , made the others unhappy. A.who B.which C.this D.what





8.Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase , _____ was very reasonable. A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose





9._____ has already been pointed out , grammar is not a set of dead rules. A. As B. It C. That D. Which 10.He lived in London for 3 months , during ____ time he learned some English. A. this B. which C. that D. same





11.Oh the wall hung a picture, ____ color is blue. A. whose B. of which C. which D. its
12.Whenever I met him , ____ was fairly often, I like his sweet and hopeful smile. A. what B. which C. that D. when 13.The visitor asked the guide to take his picture _____ stands the famous tower. A. that B. where C. which D. there

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14.The boss ____ department Ms King worked ten years ago look down upon women. A.in which B. in that C. in whose D. whose 15.I don’t like _____ you speak to her. A. the way B. the way in that C. the way which D. the way of which



17.He made another wonderful discovery, ____ of great importance to science. A. which I think is B. which I think it is C. which I think it D. I think which is 18.He was very rude to the customs officer, ____ of course made things even worse. A. who B. whom C. what D. which



19. Is this museum ___ you visited a few days age? A. where B. that C. on which D. the one
20. Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held. A. where B. that C. on which D. the one





? The time ____ I spend on math is much more than on English. A. that B. when C. at which D. during which



石器时代,是考古学家假定的一个时间区段,为考古学上的术语。石器时代分为旧石器时代、中石器时代与新石器时代。考古学对早期人类历 史分期的第一个时代,即从出现人类到青铜器的出现,大约始于距今二三百万年,止于距今5000至2000年左右。

石器时代8.5 http://www.shiqi.co/ 石器时代8.5

这一名称是英国考古学家卢伯克于1865年首先提出的,这个时代在地质年代上已进入全新世。石器时代只是个时间区段概念,石器时代并不代 表那个时候的人类只会使用石器;据近代考古出土大量的文化遗存表明,几千年前的古人已经步入冶铸、稻作、制陶、纺织等文明时期。青铜、 铁器为金属品,遗存几千年的较少;陶器、玉器可存时间长,出土的遗存较多。 许人。”“是。”“这次见,出落得越发好了,难得是机伶顺意。”老太太又道。明秀在旁边笑。“你娘也跟你说过,你二姐姐在宫里,想有 个伴儿。”老太太果然把话题移过来,“本来呢,你跟你二姐姐,是最亲了。”明秀低头揉着衣带。“秀儿,这么多孩子里,你是最大方明礼 的,奶奶也不跟你绕着了,”老太太道,“你看咱们要跟你二姐姐找个伴当,珞儿肯不肯?”明秀声如蚊蚋:“珞儿跟二姐姐的感情,向来是 很好的。这些年也一直念着二姐姐。”“这孩子有情意。”老太太叹道,“可惜你笙妹妹病成这样??不回她自己院子,又去哪好呢?”第四 十二章 梅香惹人约黄昏(4) “奶奶,三哥院里倒是空着,柳少姨娘素来也疼笙妹妹,你看让笙妹妹过去可好?”明秀提议。苏三公子明词, 出仕在安城,作司马。他的妻子彥氏,新婚燕尔,又无子嗣,当然随他上任去。留下一个柳姓姨娘,是作丫头时就跟了苏明词的,代小俩口留 在苏家,给老人尽孝。明词院里没其他男人在,柳少姨娘为防物议,起居极贞静,虽在外院,其实同内院无甚差别,更难得从没跟表 闹过别 扭。搬到那里是挺合宜。“你这孩子真周到。”老太太抚着明秀的手,“我只怕珞儿没你周详,进了宫,要吃亏。你跟珞儿相处得多,对她品 性,总比我一个老太婆更了解些。你看她如何?”福珞若在当场,准手心出汗,等明秀多说几句好话。明秀答应过她的!但明秀只推逊道: “秀儿怎比得奶奶看人准。”“你说说罢!”老太太再三要求。明秀这才道:“旁的也说不好,只不过一起玩的时候,珞儿时常有些好主意, 我们照她做去,果然不错,因此都爱同她玩。”老太太又问了些细节,再将明秀出阁时要带的一些贵重物品、家常得用物色,同明秀商议。明 秀除了涉及福珞的问话时,老老实实说几句,后头那些只是低头听、红着脸笑,再不发一语。老太太好生抚慰疼惜她一番,放她回去。嘉颜早 已吩咐人着手搬表 东西往三少爷院子去,转回来,正见明秀走,便替明秀打起帘子,一直送到中门。老太太的心腹封嫂则静静侍立老太太跟 前,晓得老太太一定有话要说。老太太沉吟片刻,摩挲着玉扳指,开口道:“这阵子,事儿倒多。”“千头万绪归总一件,”封嫂坦诚,“同 宫里的事。”要找人进宫,是宫里的事;同太守家的商谈,最重要的话题也都围绕宫中势力站队问题;连宝音的死,其实也是宫里的事。老太 太抬了抬手,封嫂一见她动作,已知她心意,忙上前替她揉眉心。老太太便把手放下了,半闭起眼睛,絮叨道:“唐家自个儿倒没有闺女封娘 娘,他们旁支,一个亲王、一个郡王家的夫人,在上头还是跟贵妃走得最近。我们家诗丫头跟的是昭仪,与贵妃关系也还可。唐家已交了底, 若借这婚事,诗丫头牵


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