Introduction: Word Study
br />Introduction – Activity 2 on Page 1
? First say things you know about the building
material in the word box in Activity 2.
? Then choose one of the words in the box to
complete the sentences in Activity 2. Answers: 1. Aluminium 5. Bricks 2. Steel 6. Concrete 3. rubber, 7. Mud wood 8. Stone 4. Plastic 9. Glass
Introduction - Activity 3 on Page 1
? Work in pairs. Discuss what materials
your school is made of / from.
? Then guess what materials the building
in the photo is made of / from.
Reading – Pre-reading
? A picture drawn
by a child, trying to bring out the imaginary house in the future. ? What is the house of the future in your mind like?
Title: The City of the Future What topics do you think will be mentioned in a passage with the title above? (open) ? ? ? ? alternative energy crime schools public services ? ? ? ? ? shopping environment traffic weather entertainment
What other topics do you think will be mentioned?
? Read the passage for the first time. Check whether
your answer in Activity 1 is right. ? ? ? ? alternative energy crime schools public services ? ? ? ? ? shopping environment traffic weather entertainment
Guess the meaning of the following words in the context.
clinic run out recreation net urban
disability online solar net
mall outdoors surgery
Activity 3 on Page 3
Do Activity 3 on your own. Then check the answers with your partner. Answers: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. disability outdoors solar recreation net online 7. clinic 8. urban 9. mall 10. run out 11. surgery
Learning to use the words
Complete the sentences with the words just learnt. disabilities 1. It’s bad manners to laugh at people with ________. 2. You should not work all the time. You need some ______ besides work. recreation 3. It seems that more young people are interested in urban ______ life rather than the life in the country. 4. Using _____ solar energy is one of the ways to protect the environment.
Careful Reading – Activity 6 on Page 4
Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions about the passage.
Answers: 1. They’ve thought how to run a city in 2025. 2. To the sun. 3. Criminals. 4. Within a city’s limits. 5. Online. 6. Their telephone number. 7. Recreation. 8. They’ll be powered by electricity. 9. Surgery. 10.Anywhere in the world.
Try to find out the main idea of each part.
Part 1 ( Paragraph 1) Part 2 (Paragraph 2-12)
What will the city of the future look like? How will the students run a city in the future?
Matching – Activity 4 on Page 3
Work in pairs. Try to match the words and phrases in the two boxes. Answers： arrest criminals carry out operation load huge spaceship recycle material rely on alternative energy waste natural resource
Activity 5 on Page 3
Find the words or phrases in the text which mean these things. Answers: 1. a risky business 2. outpatient 3. get rid of 4. senior citizens 5. free of charge 6. landfill
Words and phrases:
Work in pairs. Try to find out the useful phrases in the text.
?for sure ?make prediction] ?risky business ?run out ?recycle materials ?rely on ?alternative energy ?in the year 2025 ?get rid of
?load…with ?within…limits ?place orders ?at birth ?all forms of ?free of charge ?at the flick of a switch ?carry out ?attach …to…
? Which prediction in the text … 1. is the strangest?
2. is the most useful?
3. will come true first? 4. will come true last? ? How will you run the city in the future if you
have the chance to do so?
Try to retell the passage with the help of the key phrases noted down by you.
Life in the Future
? Listening and Speaking ? Pronunciation ? Everyday English
Q: If you try to describe your home to your partner, what things will you talk about? Now try to describe your home, talking about the following things:
? size and number of rooms ? furniture ? technology
? What can you guess about the listening
passage from the sentences in Activity 2
First Listening – Activity 2 on Page 5
Listen to an architect talking about the home of the future and then complete the sentences in Activity 2 on Page 5. 1. A Answers:
2. B 3. C 4. B 5. A 6. A 7. C 8. c
Activity 4 on Page 6
Try to recall what the architect says about the following: 1. What could happen to the dining room and the living room? They will disappear. 2. How will people switch on the lights? The computer will do it. 3. What will the toilet be able to do? It will move higher or lower depending on who uses it.
4. What will the dishwasher be able to do?
It will wash the dishes without water.
Fill in the missing parts according to what you hear. on I: Good afternoon everybody and ____the programme this afternoon is an expert on domestic architecture Mr Simon American ___________________, Oppenheim who’s going to talk to us about the house in the future. So where shall _______________in we be living twenty years’ time? isn’t a long time. We won’t G: Twenty years _____ ________ be living will be living underground or in space. We _____________in houses and flats as we do today. I: What will the houses look like?
much the same as G: I think they’ll look __________________they do today, at least from the outside. But hey will be different inside. In what way I: ______________? For a start they’ll be more flexible. That means G: ____________, will be able to move the walls to create bigger we ________________ or smaller rooms when we want to. So the dining room and living room as we know them would disappear. I: And the kitchen? become G: The kitchen will _____________the most important room in the house! We_________________, will still be cooking and we’ll probably be using the kitchen more as a family room. And bathrooms will be bigger.
will be spending I: So we ___________________more time in the bath. G: Just as other people have done in the past, like in the days of the ancient Romans, when the bath had an important social function… I: What about furniture? G: Well, a lot of furniture will be the same- we will still be sitting ____________________ in chairs and using cupboards to keep things in, but the technology will be different. I think a single computer will ______ control most of the functions in the house, and it will have a voice recognition system.
I: So we’ll just have to say Switch on the Light and the light comes on? G: Yes, that’s right. And the technology will be smarter. I: Smarter? run out of G: Yes. For example, if we ____________something, no more like there’s _________milk left in the fridge, the computer will tell us. Maybe a shopping list would appear on a screen on the fridge. And the toilet will move higher or lower, depending _____________who on uses it – a child or an adult.
I: Will the houses of the future be ______________________? environment friendly definitely We’ll be using machines G: Yes, ____________. which use less energy. An example could be a dishwasher which doesn’t need water. I think will be trying hard everyone ___________________to take care of the environment. optimistic about I: Does that mean you’re ________________the future? G: Oh yes, very definitely.
? Work in groups. Imagine your house of
the future. One draws the picture of the future house while others trying to describe it.
? Then present it to all.
Pronunciation – Activity 1 on Page 7
? Underline the stressed words in the passage.
Twenty years isn’t a long time. We won’t be living underground or in space. We’ll be living in houses and flats just as we do today.
Then listen and check your answer.
Pronunciation – Activity 2 on Page 7
Try to predict what the passage says according to the stressed words below. ?kitchen - most important – house ?We – still – cooking, probably – using –
kitchen more – family – room.
?bathrooms - bigger
Pronunciation - Listen
Now listen and check whether your prediction is right or not. Then read the passage, paying attention to the stressed parts. The kitchen will become the most important room in the house! We’ll still be cooking, and we’ll probably be using the kitchen more as a family room. And bathrooms will be bigger.
1. b 2. a 3. b 4. b 5. a
Try to use the information in Activity 2 in Listening and Speaking on Page 5 to tell what the home of the future will be like.
Life in the Future
? Function ? Grammar
Study: What will the city of the future look like? No one knows for sure, and making predictions is a risky business. But one thing is certain – they are going to get bigger before they get smaller. Q: Which sentence talks about 1. a certain future? The second one. 2. a prediction? The first one.
Q: 在英语中，用来表达将要发生的动作或事情有 些什么表达方式？ Study: They will come back next week. The project will be completed in a month. Conclusion: “Will＋动词原形”表示在将来某个时间要发生的动 作或存在的状态，常与表示将来的时间状语连用。 有时也可用来表示揣测。如：The predictions will come true if technology continues to develop.
Study: Look! It’s going to rain. They are going to stay for two days. What are you going to do when you leave school? Conclusion: “be going to +动词原形”表示打算在最近或将来 要做的事；或表示根据已有的迹象推测很可能要 发生的事情。
Study: When does the summer vacation begin? My train leaves at ten o’clock. The department store opens at nine tomorrow morning. Conclusion: 一般现在时可以表示按计划或时刻要发生的事； 只限于某些瞬间动词，如arrive, begin, come, finish, get, go, leave, meet, return, sail, spend, start等。
Function – Activity 2 on Page 4
Match the sentences with the meanings. Answers:
A. B. C. D. E. F.
3 4 2 1 6 5
Function - Activity 3 on Page 5
Work in pairs and try to underline the most appropriate form of the verb. Answers: 1. will be like 2. are you going to do 3. does the plane arrive 4. are going to have 5. is coming 6. will ring 7. is going to study 8. will go
Recall the sentences from the listening. will we __________ be living (live) in 20 years’ time? ? Where ____ ? We ________________________(not, live) won’t be living underground or in space. will be living ? We __________________ in houses and flats just as we do today. Do Activity 1 on Page 6. Answers: 1. T 2. T 3. T 4. F 5. T
Q: 将来进行时的构成、用法？ Study: At nine o’clock tonight I will be doing my homework. In the year 3000 a lot of people will be living on space stations. Conclusion: 将来进行时由“shall/will+be+现在分词”构成； 表示将来某个时刻或某段时间内发生的动作，常 与特定的将来时间状语连用。
Q: 将来进行时还可以表示什么？ Study: You needn’t cook supper, Mum. I shall be cooking dinner tonight. 表示已经决定或安排要发生的动作或事情 Tom will be telling you about it this afternoon. 表示预料中要发生的动作
Q: 一般将来时与将来进行时的区别？ Study: When will you finish the letters? When will you be seeing Mr White? Conclusion: 将来进行时表示对将来事实的简单陈述；一般将 来时除表示时间概念外，还常带有感情色彩。
Grammar- Activity 2 on Page 6
1. will, be using 2. will be spending 3. will be trying
Grammar- Activity 3 on Page 7
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
will be doing will be getting dressed won’t be working will be living Will, be staying will be lying
Grammar – Activity 4 on Page 7
Tell your partner what you will be doing… 1. at six o’clock this evening 2. at half past eleven this evening 3. this time tomorrow 4. this time next year
Complete the sentences with an appropriate tense. will be having 1. I ____________(have) my lesson in our classroom at 9 tomorrow morning. 2. -Would you like to go to our school to study next year? going to study -I am _______________(study) in Australia next year. 3. - I thought I had asked you to post the letter. will do - Oh, I’m sorry. I _____________ (do) it right now.
Finish off the exercises about Grammar in Workbook.
Life in the Future
? Cultural Corner ? Writing
? Read the passage. Then answer the question below.
Q: What’s the passage mainly about? It’s about a few of the bad predictions people made in the twentieth century about the twentyfirst century.
Jigsaw Discussion: Discuss what each prediction really means with your group members. Then report it to all. Group 1: Airplanes, computers Group 2: Clothes, men on the moon Group 3: The Beatles, Robots in the house, keys
? Decide which prediction is the most
amusing. State your reasons.
? Work in groups. Write 5-7 sentences about
life in China in the future. ( ANY thing is possible)
? Find out the useful phrases with your partner.
?not all ?come true ?from now ?be able to ?throw away ?in progress ?move about ?by the mid-1980s’
Writing – Pre-writings
Fill in the names of the students who tries to predict for the future, after reading the four passages in Activity 1. Ken a. _________ wants to work in a job that will help sick people. Emma would like to live in a different b. _________ country. Mary hopes to have a family. c. _________ Thomas doesn’t have any future plans. d. _________
Writing – Acitivity 1- 2
Find words or phrases that mean:
a. I don’t know exactly
b. it’s certain c. I hope this will happen d. it’s possible e. after a long time
I’m not really sure definitely hopefully
Writing – Acitivity 1- 3
? What different ways of talking about the future
can you find?
?I will be doing ?I will definitely study ?I’m going to go ?I guess that I will
? Work in four. Write about what you will be doing
in ten years in 100 words. Maybe you would like to use: a. the future continuous tense I will be doing / I won’t be doing a. the introductory verbs: I hope/ I guess / I imagine / I’d like to c. the introductory words: hopefully/ eventually / maybe / definitely
? Then share your writing with the whole
class. ? Try to improve the writing with your partners.
Improve the writing. Finish off the exercises in Writing in Workbook.
Language Date Bank
?Language points for Reading
濒临枯竭。 care for the environment will In the future, ____________ become very important as earth’s natural run out resources __________. care: 名词；表示“爱护，关爱，关心”。如： Take care of your brother while I am away.
? No one knows for sure, and making predictions is
a risky business. for sure 肯定地，确切地，，毫无疑问地 eg: I don’t know it for sure. I couldn’t say for sure when he will comes. make predictions = predict eg: He made a prediction that the earth was round.
? We’ll use lots of recycled materials, such as plastic,
aluminium… such as:像……一样的；诸如……之类的 eg: 他有许多诸如词典、手册之类的参考书。 He has many reference books, such as dictionaries and handbooks.
such fruits as bananas and apples fruits, such as bananas and apples fruits like bananas and apples
? We’ll also have to rely more on alternative energy,
such as solar and wind power. rely on / upon 依赖；信赖，信任 eg: We should rely on our own efforts. You may rely on my early arrival.
? To get rid of garbage problems, the city will load
huge spaceships with waste materials… (1)get rid of 摆脱，去掉，除去 eg: He can’t get rid of the cold. You should get rid of your bad habit. (2) rid sb of 使摆脱，使去掉 eg: He has rid himself of smoking.
? No smoking will be allowed within a future city’s
limits. (1) within在….范围之内，不超过 eg: Do what is within your power! She lives within ten minutes’ walk. You’d better keep your book within your reach. (2) allow sb to do / allow doing
? All forms of recreation, such as cinemas, bowling
and others, will be provided free of charge by the city. (1) provide 提供，供给 provide sb. with sth. / provide sth. for sb. eg: The firm has provided me with a car. (2) free of charge 免费 In the future we will go to concerts free of charge.
? Distance surgery will become common as doctors
carry out operations from thousands of miles away, with each city having its own telesurgery outpatient clinic. 1. carry out 实施，落实，进行 eg: He carried out his promise to give up smoking. Tests have been carried out on the patient.
2. with的复合结构： (1) He felt safe with his mum standing behind him. with + n. + doing (2) He went to the library with his homework finished. with + n. + -ed (3) With a lot of homework to do, he isn’t free. with + n. + to do (4) He is used to sleeping with the windows open. with + n. + adj. (5) He likes reading with his MP3 on. with + n. + adv. (6) He went out with a stick in his hand. with + n. + prep.