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浙江2011考试说明英语补充词汇汇总



浙江 2010 高考考试说明中的英语补充词汇汇总,希望能帮到大家,let's fight together. accent 名词 n. 1.重音;重音符号[C] 2.口音,腔调[C] Judging by her accent, she must be a Southerner. 从她的口音判断,她准是南方人。 3.语调,声调[P1] 4.强调,着重[U][(+on)] The Government put the accent on light industry. 政府注重轻工业。 5.特点,特色[U] 6.(诗歌中词或音节的)重读[C] 及物动词 vt. 1.重读;加重音符号于 Accent the word "energy" on the first syllable. "energy"这个词重读第一音节。 2.强调,着重,极力主张 Throughout his speech the minister accented the gravity of the energy situation. 部长的演说自始至终强调能源形势的严重性。 3.带...口音讲话 accurate 形容词 a. 1.准确的;精确的[(+in/at)] The new salesgirl is accurate at figures. 新来的女售货员计算正确无误。 His information was accurate. 他的情报是准确的 accuse 及物动词 vt. 1.指控,控告[(+of)] She accused him of stealing her watch. 她控告他偷她的表。 He accused his boss of having broken his word. 他指责老板不守信。 He was accused of murder. 有人指控他谋杀。 2.指责,把...归咎(于)[O] Man often accuses nature for his own misfortunes. 人类常把自己的不幸归咎于天。

accustom 及物动词 vt. 1.(常后接 oneself 或用被动式)使习惯(于)[(+to)] These people are accustomed to hard work. 这些人惯于艰苦的工作。 acquire 及物动词 vt. 1.取得,获得 The museum has just acquired a famous painting by Pablo Picasso. 该美术馆刚刚获得一幅毕加索的名画。 Gradually we acquired experience in how to do the work. 我们逐步获得了做这工作的经验。 2.学到;养成 She has mastered English grammar and acquired a large vocabulary without the help of a teacher. 她在没有老师指导的情况下,掌握了英语语法,学到了大量词汇。 3.(雷达等)捕获(目标) admission 名词 n. 1.(学校,会场,俱乐部等的)进入许可,加入许可[U][C][(+to/into)] She has the qualifications for admission to the college. 她具备进入该学院的条件。 2.入场费[U];入场券,门票[C] 3.承认,坦白[C][(+of)][+that] He made an admission that he had used threatening behavior. 他承认用了恐吓手段。 4.任用,录用[U] alcohol 名词 n. 1.酒精;【化】醇[U][C] 2.含酒精饮料;酒[U] He decided to keep off alcohol after the accident. 发生那次事故后,他决定不再饮酒。 appropriate 形容词 a. 1.适当的,恰当的,相称的[(+to/for)] She picked up a dress appropriate for the occasion. 她挑了一件适合该场合穿的衣服。 及物动词 vt.

1.拨出(款项等)[(+for)] The city will appropriate funds for the new airport. 该市将拨款建造新机场。 2.占用;盗用,挪用 The manager was found to have appropriated store money. 那位经理曾经挪用店里的钱。 ash ash 名词 n. 1.灰,灰烬[U][P] The cabin burnt to ashes. 小木屋烧成灰烬。 2.骨灰,遗骸[P] 3.废墟[P] The castle was left in ashes. 这个城堡成了一片废墟。 4.淡灰色[U] 5.苍白[P] ash 名词 n. 1.白蜡树[C] assess 及物动词 vt. 1.(为征税)估定(财产)的价值[(+at)] The value of this property was assessed at one million dollars. 这财产的价值估定为一百万元。 2.确定(税、罚款、赔偿金等)的金额 assess damage after an accident 事故后确定损害赔偿金额 3.对(某人、财产等)征税;处(某人)以罚金;命(某人)支付某种费用[(+on/upon)] 4.征(税);处(罚款) assess a tax of $ 300 on somebody 向某人征税三百元 5.对...进行估价,评价 It is too early to assess the effects of the new legislation. 现在来评价新法规的效果为时尚早。 astonish 及物动词 vt. 1.使吃惊,使惊讶 We were astonished at the news of her sudden death. 她突然去世的消息使我们震惊。

attractive 形容词 a. 1.有吸引力的;引人注目的;妩媚动人的 The offer is very attractive to us. 这一出价对我们具有很大吸引力。 2.吸引的 attractive forces between molecules 分子间的引力 avenue 名词 n. [C] 1.大街,大道 Fifth Avenue is a good place for window shopping. (纽约市)第五街是逛街的好去处。 2.林荫大道 3.通道 We explored every avenue but could not find a good solution. 我们什么方法都试过了,但是找不出好的解决之道。 4.途径,方法[(+to)] They explored every avenue but could not find a solution. 他们寻求各种途径,但仍找不到解决办法。 barber 名词 n. 1.理发师[C] I had a shave at the barber's. 我在理发店剃须修面。 及物动词 vt. 1.给...理发;理(发) 2.剪短,修整(草木) They sat in twos and threes on the trim barbered lawn. 他们三三两两地坐在修剪平整的草坪上。 不及物动词 vi. 1.给人理发,当理发师 2.【美】 【俚】饶舌;聊天 birthplace 名词 n. [C] 1.出生地;发源地 Philadelphia is the birthplace of the United States. 费城是美国的诞生地。 brochure 名词 n.

1.小册子[C] a brochure on vacations abroad 国外度假指南册 an advertising brochure 广告册子 campaign 名词 n. [C] 1.战役 The campaign to seize the city was a failure. 攻占这个城市的战役失败了。 2.运动,活动[(+for/against)][+to-v] The city hall is planning to start a campaign against smoking. 市政府计划发起禁烟运动。 3.竞选运动 The presidential campaign was in full swing. 总统竞选运动正在全力进行中。 不及物动词 vi. 1.从事运动[(for/against)] The union leaders are campaigning for better working conditions. 工会领导人为争取改善工作条件而积极活动。 2.参加竞选[(+for)] He hasn't decided whether to campaign for the senate. 他尚未决定是否参加参议员的竞选。 3.作战,出征 can can2 名词 n. [C] 1.(食物)罐头 2.金属容器 3.一罐[(+of)] Add three cans of water to make the orange juice. 加进三罐水调橘子汁。 及物动词 vt. 1.把(食品等)装罐 I don't like canned food. 我不喜欢罐头食品。 2.【美】 【口】解雇 carve 及物动词 vt. 1.刻,雕刻 The statue was carved out of marble.

那雕像是用大理石雕刻的。 2.切开;切(肉菜)[O1] He carved me a piece of meat. 他切了一块肉给我。 3.开创(事业等);开拓[(+out)] They carved out an orchard where there was wild grass. 他们在曾是野草丛生的地方开辟了果园。 不及物动词 vi. 1.做雕刻工作 2.切开肉 chart 名词 n. [C] 1.图,图表;曲线图 The chart showed the company's rapid growth in recent years. 图表显示了该公司近年来的迅速发展。 2.航海图,航(线)图 3.进入排行榜 及物动词 vt. 1.绘制...的图表;绘制...的航海图 2.在海图(或地图)上标出[(+out)] On the map we charted the course of the river. 我们在地图上标出了该河的流向。 3.详细计划 The future policy of agricultural development will be charted at the conference. 在这次会议上将制定今后农业发展的政策。

comparison 名词 n. 1.比较,对照;类似[C][U][(+between/with)] 2.比喻[C][U] His comparison of the heart to a pump helped the children understand its action. 他将心脏比作打气筒(抽水机)有助于孩子们了解心脏的作用。 3.【语】(形容词或副词的)比较[U][C] concentrate 及物动词 vt. 1.集中;聚集,集结[O][(+on/upon)] We must concentrate our attention on efficiency. 我们必须把注意力集中在效率上。 Our population is concentrated in the big cities.

我国人口集中在大城市里。 2.浓缩 不及物动词 vi. 1.集中;聚集,集结[Q] 2.全神贯注;全力以赴[(+on/upon)] She couldn't concentrate on a book very long. 她不能长时间专心读一本书。 名词 n. 1.浓缩物;浓缩液[C][U] conclusion 名词 n. 1.结论;推论;决定[C][+that] They drew different conclusions from the facts. 他们从这些事实中引出了不同的结论。 2.结尾,结局[C] 3.终结,结束[U][S] The debate did not come to a conclusion until midnight. 辩论直到午夜才结束。 4.(条约等的)缔结;(买卖等的)议定[U][(+of)] The conclusion of this agreement is in the interests of both sides. 签订这份合同对双方都有好处 constant 形容词 a. 1.固定的,不变的 The birth rate in this city is almost constant. 这城市的出生率几乎是不变的。 2.不停的,接连不断的,持续的 He hates his wife's constant nagging. 他讨厌他妻子唠叨不休。 3.【书】忠诚的,忠贞不渝的 He remained constant till death. 他至死忠贞不渝。 名词 n. [C] 1.【数】 【物】常数,衡量 The speed of light is an important constant. 光速是一个重要的常数。 2.不变的事物 contrast contrast1 名词 n. 1.对比,对照[U][(+with/to)]

2.(对照之下形成的)悬殊差别[C][U][(+between)] It is easy to perceive the contrast between their material prosperity and the emptiness of their lives. 他们物质富足,但生活空虚,这一差别是容易察觉的。 3.大不相同的人(或物)[C][(+to/for)] He is an amusing contrast to Russell. 他和拉塞尔形成了有趣的对照。 4.(摄影,绘画等的)并置对比,反差 contrast2 及物动词 vt. 1.使对比,使对照[(+with)] It is interesting to contrast the two proposals. 将这两个建议作对照是很有趣的。 不及物动词 vi. 1.形成对照[(+with)] His actions contrast sharply with his promises. 他的行动与诺言形成鲜明的对照。

cycle 名词 n. [C] 1.周期;循环;一转 The seasons of the year make a cycle. 一年四季构成一个循环。 2.整个系列;整个过程 He studied the cycle of events leading to the Great Depression. 他研究了导致大萧条的一系列事件。 3.(表现同一主题等的)一组小说(或戏剧,诗歌等) 4.一段长时期,时代 5.脚踏车;摩托车 She goes to work on her cycle. 她骑脚踏车上班。 6.【无】周(波) 7.天体运行的轨道 不及物动词 vi. 1.循环,轮转 The machine cycles automatically. 这台机器自动循环运转。 2.骑脚踏车(或摩托车) I cycled to the beach. 我骑车去海滩。 及物动词 vt. 1.使循环,使轮转

delighted 形容词 a. 1.高兴的,快乐的[(+at/with/by)][+to-v][+(that)] My parents will be delighted to see you. 我父母见到你会很高兴。 He was very much delighted with the results. 他对这个结果感到非常满意。 devotion 名词 n. 1.献身;奉献[U][(+to)] We appreciated his devotion of time and money to the project. 我们感谢他为这一项目花费的时间和金钱。 His devotion to science is well known. 他对科学的献身精神为人熟知。 2.忠诚;挚爱,热爱[U][(+to/for)] devotion to music 热爱音乐 3.虔诚[U] 4.祈祷(式)[P] Devotions are held every Sunday morning. 祈祷式于每星期日上午举行。 diagram 名词 n. 1.图表;图解;(曲)线图;示图[C] He draw a diagram to explain his theory. 他画了一张图来解释他的理论。 及物动词 vt. 1.用图解法表示,图示 The architect diagramed the floor plan to show how he would divide the office space. 建筑师画了楼面的平面图以表示他将如何划分办公场地。 diamond 名词 n. 1.钻石,金刚钻[C][U] She wore her diamonds to the party. 她戴着钻石首饰去参加宴会。 2.菱形[C]

3.(纸牌)方块,一张方块牌[C] 4.【棒】内野;球场 形容词 a. 1.金刚钻的;镶钻石的 2.菱形的 digest 及物动词 vt. 1.消化(食物) The baby is too small to digest meat. 婴儿太小,吃肉不消化。 2.领悟,融会贯通 I have digested most of the important points in the book. 我领悟了书中大部分要点。 3.整理,做...的摘要 4.忍受(侮辱等) 不及物动词 vi. 1.消化 Protein digests slowly. 蛋白质消化得慢。 名词 n. 1.摘要;文摘[C] This is a digest of the week's news. 这是一周新闻摘要。

drown 及物动词 vt. 1.把...淹死 She fell overboard and was drowned. 她从船上掉入水中淹死了。 2.淹没,浸湿 3.(声音等)压过,盖过[(+out)] The noise of the machines drowned his voice. 机器声将他的声音淹没了。 4.解(忧愁等) It is no use trying to drown your sorrows in drink. 想借酒浇愁于事无补。 不及物动词 vi. 1.溺死 2.沉没;浸没 The boat drowned. 船沉没了。

dusk 名词 n. [U] 1.薄暮,黄昏 He worked from dawn till dusk. 他从早工作到晚。 2.幽暗 We could see nothing in the dusk of the hall. 大厅里一片昏暗,我们什么也看不见。 形容词 a. 1.【书】幽暗的;微黑的 及物动词 vt. 1.【书】使变微暗;使变微黑 不及物动词 vi. 1.【书】变微暗;变微黑

dynasty 名词 n. 1.王朝;朝代[C] I like paintings from the Qing Dynasty 我喜欢清朝的画。 existence 名词 n. 1.存在,实在[U] We do not believe in the existence of ghosts. 我们不相信真有鬼。 2.生存[U] a struggle for existence 争取生存的斗争 3.生活,生活方式[U][S1] The explorers led a dangerous existence. 探险家过着危险的生活。 4.存在物,实体;万物[C] explanation 名词 n. 1.说明,解释[U][C][(+of/for)] It needs no explanation. 这无需解释。 2.辩解;辩明[U][C][(+of/for)][+(that)] What did he say in explanation of his lateness?

他用什么话来为自己迟到辩白? 3.(为消除误会等的)交谈,互相讲明[S] I've come to an explanation with him. 我与他和解了。

folk 名词 n. 1.(某一民族,种族或社会阶层中的)广大成员;...人[the S][K] 2.人们;(可用作称呼)各位[P] They are the best folks on earth. 他们是世上最好的人。 3.【口】家属,亲属;双亲[P] I write regularly to my folks. 我定期写信回家。 形容词 a. 1.民间的,民众的,通俗的[Z][B] It is often used as folk medicine to cure snake bites. 它常被用作民间药物治疗蛇咬伤。

gallery 名词 n. [C] 1.画廊,美术馆 The gallery is having a show of French oil paintings. 这个美术馆在展出法国油画。 2.(教室,会馆等的)楼座;(议会等的)旁听席 3.(剧场等最便宜的)顶层楼座 4.顶层楼座的观众[the S] 5.回廊,走廊,长廊 6.狭长的房间;照相馆;室内靶场 7.地道;横坑道

graph graph 名词 n. [C] 1.【数】(曲线)图;标绘图;图表;图解 2.(统计上的)曲线 This graph shows how the number of road accidents has increased over the last ten years. 这个曲线图显示过去十年中公路上车祸数字的增长情况。 及物动词 vt. 1.用图表表示

-graph 后缀 suf. 1.表示"写的东西","书写工具"

headline 名词 n. [C] 1.(报纸等的)标题;大标题 The article bore the headline "Conversation and Confrontation". 文章标题为"对话与对抗"。 2.(书页上的)栏外标题;页头书名;章节标题 3.头版头条新闻;头版重要新闻[P1] The new road plan is in the headlines again. 新公路计划又一次成了头版重要新闻。 4.(新闻广播的)内容提要[P1] The news headlines are broadcast on the half hour. 新闻提要每到半小时正时作一次广播。 及物动词 vt. 1.给...加标题 The news story was headlined "Actress in Distress". 那篇新闻报导加上了"苦恼中的女演员"的标题。 2.在标题中提到;大力宣传 The newspapers headlined the story of the astronauts' trip to the moon. 报纸大力报导宇航员的月球之行。 3.使成为注意中心 4.【美】把...作为主角 The last show headlined another performer. 最后一场演出推出了另一个演员演主角。 不及物动词 vi. 1.成为注意中心 2.当主角 She is headlining in the new play. 她在这出新戏里演主角。

homeland 名词 n. 1.祖国;故国;家乡 2.南非的"黑人家园"

honey

名词 n. 1.蜂蜜[U] Honey is sweet, but the bee stings. 蜜甜蜂螫人。 2.甜蜜;甜美之物[U][C] 3.(常用于称呼)宝贝儿[C] I love you, honey. 亲爱的,我爱你。 4.【口】极出色的东西,出类拔萃的人[C] That camera is a honey. 那架照相机真是顶呱呱。 形容词 a. 1.蜂蜜的,甘美的 2.可爱的,心爱的 及物动词 vt. 1.(加蜜等)使甜 2.对...说甜言蜜语;奉承 不及物动词 vi. 1.说甜言蜜语,奉承

idiom 名词 n. 1.惯用语;成语;习惯语[C] To pull one's leg is an idiom. "to pull one's leg"(同某人开玩笑)是惯用语。 2.方言,土话;(个人特有)用语[C] He spoke in the idiom of the New England countryside. 他讲新英格兰乡下的方言。 3.(某一)语言的习惯用法;(某一)语言的特性[U][C] She reads with a sharp eye for idiom. 她阅读时以敏锐的目光审视语言的习惯用法。 4.(在音乐、美术等方面所表现的)风格,特色[C][U] the idiom of modern popular music 现代通俗音乐的风格

illegal 形容词 a. 1.不合法的,非法的;违反规则的 All he has done is illegal. 他所做的一切均属非法。 名词 n. [C] 1.非法移民

2.间谍,密探

imply 及物动词 vt. 1.暗指;暗示;意味着[+(that)] Her silence implied consent. 她的沉默意味着同意。 2.必然包含;必需 Rights imply duties. 权利必然包含义务。 impression 名词 n. 1.印象[C][U][(+on)] The new teacher made a good impression on the students. 新教师给学生留下了一个好印象。 2.模糊的观念;感想[C][+that] I have the impression that I've seen that man before. 我觉得我以前见过那个人。 3.压印;印记;压痕[C] The robber left an impression of his feet in the mud. 强盗在烂泥里留下了他的脚印。 4.【印】印刷;印数;印次[C] 5.影响;效果[U][(+on)] My advice seemed to make little impression on him. 我的忠告似乎对他不起作用。 6.(对名人等的)漫画式模仿[C][(+of)]

incident 名词 n. 1.事件;事变[C] He resolved never to tell anyone about the incident. 他决定永远不跟任何人谈这件事。 2.插曲[C] 形容词 a. 1.易发生的;伴随而来的[F][(+to)] He is fully aware of the risks incident to the life of a racing driver. 他完全了解赛车生涯所伴随而来的风险。 2.【律】附随的[(+to)] 3.【物】入射的

informal 形容词 a. 1.非正式的,非正规的 We have an informal agreement to ride to school together. 我们有个一起骑车上学的非正式约定。 2.不拘礼节的;日常使用的 She's informal with everyone. 她对任何人都不拘礼仪。 3.口语的;会话体的,通俗的 informal American English 日常使用的美式英语

insurance 名词 n. 1.保险;保险契约[U][(+against)] I found a job selling insurance. 我找到一份推销保险的工作。 2.保险业[U] She works in insurance. 她从事保险业。 3.保险金额;赔偿金[U][(+on)] He has $100,000 life insurance, which his wife will receive if he dies first. 他有十万美元的人寿保险,如果他先去世,他的妻子将得到这笔钱。 4.预防措施;安全保证[U][S1][(+against)] I bought some new locks as an additional insurance against burglary. 我买了一些新锁具以进一步防止盗窃。 5.保险费[U] The insurance on my house is very high. 我的房屋保险费很高。

intelligent 形容词 a. 1.有才智的;聪明的;明智的;有理性的 The child made a very intelligent comment. 那孩子作了很有见地的评论。 Elephants are intelligent animals. 象是有灵性的动物。 2.【电脑】智能的;能将数字信息转换成硬拷贝的 3.了解的,熟悉的[(+of/about)] He has really been very intelligent about the whole thing. 他对事情的全过程确实很了解。

journal 名词 n. [C] 1.日报;杂志;期刊 Professor King often contributes to the medical journal. 金教授常为那个医学刊物撰稿。 2.日记;日志 Father keeps a journal of his activities. 我父亲有记录每天活动的习惯。 3.议事录 4.【会计】流水帐

misunderstand 及物动词 vt. 1.误会;曲解 His intentions were misunderstood. 他的意图被误解了。 mixture 名词 n. 1.混合,混和[U][S1] The talk was conducted in a mixture of English, Russian and French. 谈话是以一种英、俄、法混杂的语言进行的。 2.(感情的)混杂[S][(+of)] His first reaction was a strange mixture of joy and anger. 他第一个反应是喜怒交集的奇异心情。 3.混合物;混合料[C] Air is a mixture of gases. 空气是各种气体的混合物。 4.【药】合剂[U] a bottle of cough mixture 一瓶止咳合剂 5.【化】混合物(区别于 compound)[C]

nest 名词 n. [C] 1.巢;窝;穴;(鸟等的)一窝,一群 A bird lays eggs in the nest it has built. 鸟将蛋下在自己所筑的巢里。 2.安乐窝,舒适之处

The husband and wife built themselves a comfortable nest. 夫妇俩为自己筑了个安乐窝。 3.(盗贼等的)巢窟;(罪恶等的)温床[(+of)] The city was a nest of crime. 这个城市是罪恶的温床。 4.(盗贼等的)一伙 5.(大小依次套叠的)一套物件 6.隐蔽处;掩体

occasion 名词 n. 1.场合,时刻;重大活动,盛典[C] 2.时机,机会[S][(+for)] He seized the occasion to invite her home for dinner. 他抓住机会邀请她回家里吃饭。 3.起因,近因[S][(+of)] Her departure was the occasion of much sadness. 她的离别是令人十分悲伤的起因。 4.理由;需要[U][(+for)][+to-v] You have no occasion to buy another car. 你没有必要再买一辆汽车。

occasionally 副词 ad. 1.偶尔,间或 Friends visit them occasionally. 朋友偶尔拜访他们。 optimistic 形容词 a. 1.乐观的

outing 名词 n. [C] 1.远足;郊游;短途旅游 I think we should postpone the outing. 我认为我们应该推迟这次郊游。 2.体育比赛;划船练习;跑马练习 pace 名词 n.

1.一步;一步跨出去的长度(约 2.5 尺)[C] There were perhaps ten paces between me and the bear. 在我和熊之间相距大约有十步。 2.步速;速度;进度[U][S1] The work progressed at a slow pace. 这项工作进展缓慢。 3.步态,步法[U][S1] 4.(马的)步态;溜蹄[C] 5.流畅[U] performance 名词 n. 1.演出;演奏;表演[C] The evening performance begins at 8 o'clock. 晚上的演出八点开始。 2.履行;实行;完成[U][(+of)] He failed completely in the performance of his duty. 他完全没有履行他的职责。 3.成绩,成果;工作[C] The novel was rated a brilliant performance. 这部小说被认为是一部出色的作品。 4.(机器等的)性能;(人的)技能,本事[U] Engineers will test the performance of the tires. 工程师们将测试这些轮胎的性能。

performer 名词 n. [C] 1.演出者;演奏者;表演者 He is a rotten performer on television. 他在电视上的表演糟糕极了。 2.履行者;执行者;完成者

permission 名词 n. 1.允许,许可,同意[U][+to-v] We have obtained permission from the directors to use some of our funds. 我们已得到董事的许可,可以动用部分资金。 You can't take photographs here without permission. 未经许可你们不能在此处拍照。 Father denied me permission to use his car. 父亲不许我用他的汽车。

phenomenon 名词 n. [C] 1.现象 The employment problem tends to be a city phenomenon. 就业问题常常是一个城市现象。 2.稀有的事,奇迹 3.非凡的人,杰出的人才 A child who can play the piano at the age of two would be called a phenomenon. 两岁能弹钢琴的孩子会被称作神童。

poison 名词 n. 1.毒;毒药;毒物[C][U] Gas is a poison. 煤气是有毒气体。 2.有害之物;(对社会的)毒害;弊害[C][U] Some people say that selfishness is a poison in our society. 一些人说自私是我们社会的一害。 3.【俚】酒[U] 4.抑制剂 及物动词 vt. 1.使中毒;毒死;放毒于 The natives use poisoned arrows to kill big game. 土著用毒箭射杀大猎物。 2.污染 Industrial wastes have poisoned the river. 工业废弃物污染了这条河。 3.毒害;败坏;玷污;破坏 Jealousy poisoned their friendship. 嫉妒破坏了他们的友谊。 4.阻碍,抑制 不及物动词 vi. 1.放毒,下毒 形容词 a. 1.有毒的

poster poster1

名词 n. 1.招贴,海报,广告(画);布告[C] They put up posters all round the town advertising the circus. 他们在镇上四处张贴海报为马戏团作宣传。 poster2 名词 n. [C] 1.驿马 2.【古】(骑驿马)赶路的旅客

potential 形容词 a. [Z] 1.潜在的,可能的 The dispute has scared away potential investors. 这一争端吓走了潜在的投资者。 2.【物】势的,位的;电压的 potential energy 势能 3.【语】表示可能性的 名词 n. [U][S1] 1.可能性;潜力,潜能[(+for)] She has acting potential, but she needs training. 她有表演潜力,但需要训练。 2.【物】势,位;电势,电位 A current of high potential is used in transmitting electric power over long distances. 高压电流被用来远距离输送电力。 3.【语】潜在语气 professional 形容词 a. 1.职业(上)的;从事特定专业的[Z][B] 2.职业性的,非业余性的[Z][B] 3.很内行的;极称职的;高水平的 a highly professional administrator 一位非常内行的管理人员 4.【贬】以...为业的,擅长...的 He is a professional complainer. 他是一个发牢骚专家。 名词 n. [C] 1.职业选手 2.专家,内行 recite

及物动词 vt. 1.背诵;朗诵,当众吟诵 My little daughter likes reciting poetry in public. 我的小女儿喜欢当众背诵诗歌。 2.叙述;详述 He recited the day's adventures. 他详细叙述了那一天的冒险经历。 3.历数,列举 She took pleasure in reciting the list of scenic spots around the town. 她很乐意地历数该镇周围的风景点。 4.【律】书面陈述(事实) 5.【美】背(课文);回答(有关课文的提问) 不及物动词 vi. 1.背诵;朗诵 2.【美】背课文;回答提问 The teacher called on me to recite. 老师叫我背课文。 reliable 形容词 a. 1.可信赖的;可靠的;确实的 I found this to be a reliable brand of washing machines. 我觉得这是一种牌子可靠的洗衣机。

religion 名词 n. 1.宗教[U] Buddhism is the religion founded by Buddha in North India. 佛教是佛陀创始于印度北部之宗教。 2.教派;宗教团体[C] 3.宗教信仰;宗教生活,修道生活[U] He is a man without religion. 他是个没有宗教信仰的人。 4.信条;孜孜追求的目标;狂热的爱好[C] He makes a religion of watching soccer. 足球比赛他每场必看。

respond 不及物动词 vi. 1.作答,回答[(+to)] Has she responded to your letter? 她有没有回过你的信?

2.作出反应;响应[(+to/by/with)] The government has responded to pressure and dropped the proposal. 政府已在压力下放弃了这一建议。 3.(对治疗等)有良好反应;(对操纵等)作出灵敏反应[(+to)] The patient is responding well to treatment. 病人对治疗反应良好。 4.【美】 【律】承担责任[(+in)] respond in damages 承担赔偿责任 及物动词 vt. 1.以...回答[+that] He responded no to the first question. 他对第一个问题的回答是否定的。 名词 n. 1.【宗】(会众对牧师的)应答,唱和 2.【建】壁联

rid 及物动词 vt. 1.使免除;使摆脱;从...清除[(+of)] We'll have to get rid of him. 我们必须摆脱他。 I want to rid this city of corruption! 我要这座城市摆脱腐败现象!

ridiculous 形容词 a. 1.可笑的,荒谬的;滑稽的 It's the most ridiculous thing I ever heard in my life. 这是我一生中所听说过的最可笑的事情。

scholar 名词 n. [C] 1.学者;人文学者;古典学者 He is a famous Confucian scholar. 他是一位有名望的研究孔子的学者。 2.【口】(常用于否定句)有学问的人,有文化的人 She's no scholar. 她这人没有文化。 3.【书】学生,学童 At 80 he was still a scholar.

他八十高龄,但仍好学不倦。 4.奖学金获得者 He was a Rhodes scholar. 他曾获得过罗兹奖学金。

sensitive 形容词 a. 1.敏感的;易受伤害的[(+to)] Donna is sensitive to strong smells. 唐娜对强烈的气味很敏感。 2.神经过敏的;易怒的[(+to/about)] He is sensitive about his failure. 人家一提他的失败他就生气。 3.灵敏的,灵敏度高的 We didn't have a receiver sensitive enough to pick up the signal. 我们的接收器不够灵敏,未能收到这个信号。 4.感光的 I need some sensitive paper. 我需要一些感光纸。 5.要审慎处理的;机密的 The conference debated the sensitive issue of race relations. 会议辩论了敏感的种族关系问题。 6.易波动的,易受影响的[(+to)] The cost is not sensitive to the batch size. 价格不随批量大小波动。 7.【医】过敏的 The child is sensitive to eggs. 那孩子对鸡蛋过敏。

series 名词 n. [C][M] 1.连续;系列[(+of)] Then began a series of wet days that spoiled our vacation. 之后就是一连串的下雨天,把我们的假期弄得一团糟。 2.(邮票)套;丛书;辑;组 This publishing firm is planning a new series of school textbooks. 这家出版公司正打算出一套新的系列教材。 3.(棒球等的)连续比赛 4.【数】级数 5.【电】串联 6.【音】(十二音体系中的)序列

7.【语】一组交替元音 severe 形容词 a. 1.严重的;剧烈的;凛冽的 He has been under a severe strain. 他一直处在极度紧张状态之中。 2.严厉的;苛刻的[(+with/on/upon)] My uncle became severe when I was late. 当我迟到时,我的叔父变得严厉起来。 3.严格的;严密的 I was impressed by his severe reasoning. 他严谨的推理给我留下了深刻的印象。 4.严峻的;艰难的;激烈的 We are suffering from a severe shortage of fuel. 我们苦于严重缺乏燃料。 5.严肃的,正经的 He spoke in a severe voice. 他严肃地说。 6.纯洁的;朴素的 She wore a severe black dress. 她穿一件朴素的黑衣裙。

solution 名词 n. 1.解答;解决(办法);解释[C][(+to/of/for)] It may take a long time to find a solution to the problem. 也许要花很长时间才能找到解决这个问题的办法。 The solution of the problem requires a lot of time. 解决这个问题需要很多时间。 2.【数】解法,解式[C] 3.溶解,溶化;溶解状态[U] Salt can be held in solution in water. 盐能溶于水。 4.溶液,溶剂[C][U] She rinsed her mouth with a solution of salt in water. 她用盐的水溶液漱口。 5.瓦解;中断;消散[C][U] 6.【律】(债务的)清偿;(契约或义务的)履行[U] solve 及物动词 vt.

1.解决;解释;阐明 With the help of his friends, he finally solved the problem. 在朋友们的帮助下,他终于解决了问题。 2.解,解答(数学题) She tried to solve a crossword puzzle. 她试着解答一道纵横字谜。 3.清偿(债务等) 4.溶解 不及物动词 vi. 1.作解答 specialist 名词 n. [C] 1.专家[(+in)] 2.专科医生[(+in)] an eye specialist 眼科专家 3.【美】(陆军中的)级别在下士与军士长之间的士兵

splendid 形容词 a. 1.有光彩的;灿烂的 The king was wearing a splendid golden crown. 国王戴着光彩夺目的金王冠。 2.壮丽的;辉煌的 We won another splendid victory. 我们又赢得了辉煌的胜利。 3.显著的;杰出的 4.【口】极好的;令人极其满意的 My kid sister has a splendid memory. 我小妹记忆力极好。

starve 不及物动词 vi. 1.饿死 The explorers starved to death in the desert. 探险者们在沙漠中饿死了。 2.挨饿 3.【口】饿得慌 Let's get something to eat; I'm starving.

我们吃点东西吧;我饿坏了。 4.渴望;极需要[(+for)][+to-v] The plants are starving for water. 这些植物极需要水。 及物动词 vt. 1.使饿死,使挨饿 2.以饥饿迫使[(+into)] They starved the enemy into submission. 他们切断敌军粮援而迫其投降。 3.使匮乏,使急需[H][(+of)] 4.以节食治疗 She's starving herself trying to lose weight. 她用节食疗法试图减肥。 statement 名词 n. 1.陈述,说明[C] Their statement was correct. 他们的说法是对的。 2.(正式的)声明[C] Soon afterwards he made his first public statement about the affair. 过后不久他发表了关于此事的第一个公开声明。 3.【律】供述[C] 4.表达方式,陈述方式[U] The details of the agreement need more exact statement. 协议的细节需要更加确切的表达。 5.(银行等的)报告单,结单,报告书,借贷表[C] I get a bank statement every month. 我每月收到一份银行的结算单。 submit 及物动词 vt. 1.使服从,使屈服[(+to)] We'll submit ourselves to the court's judgments. 我们将听从法庭的裁决。 2.使经受,使受到[(+to)] The metal was submitted to analysis. 对该金属进行了分析。 3.提交,呈递[(+to)] He submitted his proposal for urban development to the city council. 他将城市发展建议提交市议会。 4.【律】建议,认为[Y][+(that)] I submit that the terms are entirely unreasonable. 我认为那些条件完全不合理。

I submit that more proof is needed to support the case. 我认为这个案子需要更多的证据证实。 不及物动词 vi. 1.屈从;忍受;甘受[(+to)] She refused to submit to his control. 她不屈服于他的控制。 sum sum 名词 n. [C] 1.总数,总和,总计[the S][(+of)] She paid the sum of $200 for dresses. 她买衣服总共花了二百元钱。 2.【数】和[the S][(+of)] 3.金额;一笔[(+of)] He earned a large sum of money. 他赚了一大笔钱。 4.概要;要点[the S][(+of)] 5.算术题;运算 The boy is good at doing a sum in his head. 这男孩善于心算。 6.顶点,极度[the S][(+of)] 及物动词 vt. 1.计算...的总和[(+up)] 2.总结;概括;概述[(+up)] The story may be summed up in one sentence. 该故事可以用一句话来概括。 不及物动词 vi. 1.共计[(+to/into)] sum. 缩写词 abbr. 1.=[Lat] sume (=take) super super 名词 n. 1.(公寓或办公楼的)管理员;监工 2.【口】特级品,特大号 3.临时雇员;临时演员 形容词 a. 1.大的,极度的,过度的 2.【口】特级的,特佳的 super前缀 pref.

1.表示"上","上方" 2.表示"超","超级" 3.表示"更大范围的" 4.表示"过","过分" swallow swallow1 名词 n. 1.燕子[C] One swallow does not make a summer. 一燕不成夏。 swallow2 及物动词 vt. 1.吞下,咽下 He swallowed the pills with a cup of water. 他用一杯水吞下了这些药丸。 2.淹没,吞没;吞并[(+up)] The waves swallowed up the little boat. 波浪吞没了小船。 3.耗尽,用尽[(+up)] The increase in travel costs swallowed up our pay increase. 旅行费用的增加超出了我们的工资增长。 4.【口】轻信;轻易接受 She is naive and would swallow anything you tell her. 她很天真,你跟她讲什么她都相信。 5.忍受 He swallowed the insults and kept on working. 他忍受侮辱继续努力。 He had to swallow the insult. 他不得不忍受侮辱。 6.压制,抑制 She swallowed her displeasure and smiled. 她抑制自己的不快,强颜欢笑。 7.取消(前言) He had to swallow his words. 他不得不取消前言。 不及物动词 vi. 1.吞下;咽下 He couldn't swallow because of a sore throat. 他因嗓子疼而不能吞咽。 名词 n. [C] 1.吞,咽 He took the medicine at one swallow. 他一口吞下这药。

2.一次吞咽之物[(+of)] He took a long swallow of wine. 他喝了一大口酒。 sympathetic 形容词 a. 1.同情的;有同情心的 She is sympathetic over what has happened. 她对已发生的事抱有同情心。 2.赞同的,支持的[F][(+to/towards)] They were quite sympathetic to our proposals. 他们非常赞同我们的建议。 3.合意的;和谐的 4.交感神经的;交感性的 5.【物】共振的,共鸣的 名词 n. 1.交感神经;交感神经系统 temple temple1 名词 n. [C] 1.(古代希腊,罗马,埃及等的)神殿,圣堂 2.(佛教的)寺院,寺庙 There is a Buddhist temple in this town. 在这个镇上有一座佛教寺庙。 3.(犹太教,摩门教等的)神殿,教堂 4.(基督教的)教堂,礼拜堂 5.(专供某种活动之用的)殿堂,会堂 6.(某些互助会的)地方分会 7.上帝所在的地方,圣灵所宿之处 temple2 名词 n. [C][P1] 1.太阳穴,鬓角 A stone hit him on the temple. 一块石头击中了他的太阳穴。 2.眼镜脚,眼镜腿 temporary 形容词 a. 1.临时的;暂时的,一时的[Z] Ellen has got a temporary job. 艾伦找到一份临时工作。 名词 n. [C] 1.临时工,临时雇员

She works in the office as a temporary. 她在办公室做临时雇员。 2.临时事物;临时房屋 The wartime temporaries will be replaced by permanent homes. 那些战时临时住房将被永久性住宅代替。 terror 名词 n. 1.恐怖,惊骇[U][S1][(+of)] My elder sister has a terror of fire. 我姐姐怕火。 2.引起恐怖的事物(或人)[the S][(+of/to)] The detective, nicknamed Holmes, is a terror to criminals. 那个外号叫福尔摩斯的侦探令罪犯闻之丧胆。 3.(常大写)恐怖统治[the S] 4.【口】极讨厌的人[C] Your son's a little terror! Can you control him? 你的儿子真讨厌!你可不可以管管他? That boy's a little terror. 那男孩真是个小捣蛋。 5.恐怖行动[U] theme 名词 n. [C] 1.论题,话题,题目 The main theme of discussion was press censorship. 讨论的主题是新闻审查制度。 2.主题,主题思想;题材 The theme of the poem is love and peace. 这首诗的主题是爱与和平。 3.(学生的)作文,文章 Our school themes must be written in ink and on white paper. 我们学校的作文要用墨水写在白纸上。 4.【语】词干 5.【音】主旋律 形容词 a. 1.以奇想主题布置的

tip tip1 名词 n. [C]

1.顶端;尖端 He burnt the tips of his fingers. 他烧伤了指尖。 2.(鸟或飞机的)翼尖 3.顶端附加的小件 Some smokers don't like cigarettes with tips. 有的烟民不喜欢抽有滤嘴的纸烟。 及物动词 vt. 1.在...的顶端装附加物 a filter-tipped cigarette 有滤嘴的香烟 2.覆盖(或装饰)...的尖端[(+with)] hills tipped with trees 树木覆盖的山顶 3.去掉(生长物)的尖端 tip2 及物动词 vt. 1.使倾斜 2.使翻倒[(+over/up)] I'm sorry I tipped the bottle over. 抱歉,我把瓶子弄翻倒了。 3.脱(帽)打招呼 4.【英】倾倒 He tipped the money in his pocket on to the counter. 他把口袋里的钱倾倒在柜台上。 不及物动词 vi. 1.倾斜 The boat tipped to one side. 船向一边倾斜。 2.翻倒[(+over/up)] 名词 n. [C] 1.倾斜;翻倒;倾倒 2.【英】(垃圾等的)弃置场 tip3 及物动词 vt. 1.轻击;轻触 2.给;递送[O1] 3.给...小费[O1] We tipped the taxi driver. 我们给出租车司机小费。 I tipped the waiter two dollars. 我给侍者两块钱小费。 4.泄露;暗示;告诫 Who tipped the scheme?

谁把计划泄漏出去的? 不及物动词 vi. 1.踮着脚走 2.给小费 名词 n. [C] 1.小费 We gave the taxi driver a tip. 我们付小费给出租车司机。 2.告诫;提示[(+for/on)] I gave her a tip on how to concoct a new kind of soup. 我教她配制一种新汤的诀窍。 3.内部情报,秘密消息[(+on)][+to-v][+that] He gave me some tips on the matter. 他把关于那件事的消息透露给我了。 4.轻推;轻击

transform 及物动词 vt. [(+into)] 1.使改变;使改观;将...改成 The Greggs have transformed their garage into a guest house. 格雷格一家把他们的车库改成了客房。 2.改造;改革;改善 The situation has been greatly transformed. 形势已经大大好转。 3.使变换 A generator transforms mechanical energy into electricity. 发电机将机械能变成电。 4.【电】使(电流)变压;变换(电流) 5.【生】使转化 A tadpole is transformed into a frog. 蝌蚪变成青蛙。 不及物动词 vi. 1.改变;改观 A tadpole transforms into a frog. 蝌蚪变成青蛙。 2.变换;转换 universal 形容词 a. 1.全体的;普遍的;一般的 The government introduced universal secondary education years ago. 几年前,政府就倡导普及中等教育。 2.众所周知的

3.宇宙的;全世界的 Football is a universal game. 足球是一项全球性的运动。 4.万能的,通用的 This machine has a universal use in the home. 这种机器在家庭中有广泛的用途。 5.多才多艺的;博闻广见的 Such a universal genius is hard to come by. 这样的全才是很难得的。 6.整个的,完整的 7.【电】交直流通用的 8.【哲】全称的,总称的 名词 n. 1.普通性;普遍现象[U][C] 2.【哲】一般概念[C] violence 名词 n. [U] 1.暴力,暴力行为 The dictator ruled with violence. 独裁者实施暴政。 2.激烈,猛烈 The wind blew with great violence. 风异常猛烈地吹着。 3.强力,猛劲 He flung the door open with violence. 他猛然将门打开。 4.施暴 5.狂热,狂热行为 6.冒犯;破坏 These modern boxlike buildings do violence to the beauty of the old city. 这些现代的盒式建筑破坏了古城的美丽市容。 7.曲解,篡改 volcano 名词 n. 1.火山[C] Six other volcanos were still erupting. 还有六个火山仍在爆发。 2.随时可能爆发的状态[S] No one knows when the social volcano below modern society will erupt. 谁也不知道埋在现代社会下的社会火山何时爆发。 wander

不及物动词 vi. 1.漫游;闲逛;流浪;徘徊[(+about/off/over/through)] He wandered in the streets. 他在街上游荡。 2.迷路 3.离开正道;离题[(+from/off)] During the storm the ship wandered from its course. 船在风暴中偏离了航道。 He wandered from the subject. 他说离了题。 4.(精神)错乱;(思想)混乱;出神,开小差 My attention wandered. 我走了神。 5.(目光等)无目的地移动 6.(河流等)蜿蜒;曲折地流 The stream wanders through the forest. 小溪蜿蜒流过森林。 及物动词 vt. 1.漫游于,徘徊于 The poet wanted to wander those countries on his own. 诗人想独自漫游那些国家。 名词 n. 1.漫游;闲逛;游荡;徘徊[the S] welfare 名词 n. [U] 1.福利;幸福;健康安乐 She works hard for the welfare of the poor. 她为了穷人的福利而辛勤工作。 2.救济事业;福利事业 3.【美】社会救济(制度) They are living on welfare now. 他们现在靠社会救济生活。 形容词 a. [Z][B] 1.福利的;福利事业的 People are concerned about the cutbacks in federal welfare programs. 人们关注着联邦福利计划的削减。 2.接受社会救济的 widespread 形容词 a. 1.分布(或散布)广的 2.普遍的;广泛的 There is a widespread belief that the company is in financial trouble.

很多人认为该公司财务陷入困境。 Computers are now in widespread use. 计算机现在被广泛应用。



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