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定语从句


高考英语语法专题复习 之----

定语从句 The attributive clauses

定语从句 The attributive clauses
? ? ? ? 知识回顾 考点精讲 跟踪练习 真题链接

基础知识

定语从句在句中相当于形容词,来修饰 名词和代词作定语。
从句的位置:
先行词 :

定语从句
在名词或代词后

被定语从句修饰的词 引导定语从句的词 关系代词 关系副词 (1)引导定语从句 (2)在从句中作一成分 (3)代替先行词在从句中的位置

关系词:

关系词的作用:

I like the baby who/that is reading .

先行词

关系词

先行词为
who 人 that/as 物/人 whom 人 which 物 whose 某人/某物的

在定语从句中作
主语或宾语

引 导 词

关 系 代 词

主语或宾语 宾语 宾语或主语 定语

在从句中 作宾语可 省去

关 系 副 词

when 时间

where 地点
why

状语

原因

一 关系代词与关系副词的区别 why 1). a. The reason _______he missed the speech is that he forgot the time. (which/that) gave us b. The reason_____________he sounded reasonable. 2). a. I’ll never forget the day (which/that) ____________we spent together in Paris. b. I’ll remember the day________we when stayed together.

3). a. Is this the factory______________ (which/that) we visited last year? b. Is this the house _________Lincoln where once lived? one we visited c. Is this house the ________ last year? 解题点拨: 看引导词在定语从句中充当什么成分; 若是作状语, 就用where, when, why等关系副词; 若是作主语、宾语或定语,则用关系代词that, which, whom, whose等。

关系词的选择
1.The place _____interested me most was the Children's Palace. A. which B. where C. what D. in which 2.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded? A. which B. that C. when D. on which 3.That is the day ______I'll never forget. A. which B. on which C. in which D. when 4.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. A. which B. who C. what D. as 5.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it. A. who;/ B./; whom C. whom;/ D. /; who

.

定语从句考点精讲

考 点 难 点

1.that与which 2.关系副词的用法 3.介词+关系词 4.关系词as的用法 5.定从与其他复合句的区分 6.综合考查

.

考点一、
that or which?

--- 1: 先行词有下列情况时,通常用关 系代词 that:
① 先行词是all, everything, nothing, anything, little, much等不定代词时; ② 先行词被all, any, every, no, some, little, much等词修饰时; ③ 先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时; ④先行词被the only, the very(正是,恰是), the last 修饰 ⑤ 当先行词既有人又有物,定语从句用that 引导 (that 既可指人也可指物)时 ; ⑥若主句中有疑问代词who, which时,为了避免重复, 关系代词不再用who,which.

Choose the correct answers:
1.This is all____ A I know about the matter.
A. that B. what C. who D. whether

B you require? 2.Is there anything else_____
A. which B. that C. who D. what

B 3.The last place _____we visited was the Great Wall.
A. which B. that C. where D. it

A 4.This is one of the best books_______. A. that have ever been written B. which have ever been written C. that has written D. that have written B 5. The scientist and his achievements _____you told me about are admired by us all.
A. which B. that C. who D. whose

6 .Which of the books _____ C were borrowed from him is the best?
A. which B. what C. that D. whose

Choosing : that or which? 1. I have lost my watch, which _____I like very much. 2. Taiwan is part of China, ______ which is known to all of us. 3.Can you lend me the book about which you talked last night? ______
结论 2. 引导非限定性定语从句时,用关系代 词which, 不用that, 且不省略。 介词+关系词引导定语从句, 先行词是物时,只 用which,不用that.

高考真题链接
? 1I refuse to accept the blame for something____ was someone else’s fault. A. who B. that C. as D. what

高考真题链接
? 2Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others , ______, of course, made all the others upset. A. who B. which C. what D. that Tips: 注意插入语

.

考点二、

关系副词的用法

关系副词when, where, why引导定语从句时,
when在从句中充当时间状语,

where在从句中充当地点状语,
why在从句中充当原因状语, =介词+which Do you still remember the day _______we when joined the Party?
= on which

Blank-filling : where/ in which my This is the factory _____________ father works?
which/that/--This is the factory ______________ we visited last week? why/for which That is the reason ______________you are always late. which/that/--That is the reason _____________he gave us.

要点一:
先行词为 时间、地点、 原因的名词 时 关系词在 定从中作 状语时 关系词在 定从中作 主语或者 宾语时 介词 when Where = + which why

that / which

要点二、某些特殊词之后的where
where I can’t stand him. 1. I’ve come to the point ______ 我已经到了无法容忍他的地步了。 2. The country is in the situation where ______a war will break out at any time. 国家正处在随时有可能爆发战争的局势中。
解析:某些抽象地点名词如:point, stage, situation, case, condition, activity, celebration等做先行词时, 定语从句常用where 引导,表示抽象化的地点。

高考真题链接
? 1. I have reached a point in my life _____I am supposed to make decisions of my own. A. which B. where C. how D. why

高考真题链接
? 2. The days are gone _____ physical strength was all you needed to make a living. A. when B. that C. where D. which

.

考点三、
介词 +关系词

要点2:介词﹢关系代词引导的定语从

句中, 介词如何选择
? 1)、看定语从句中动词或者形容词与介词的习惯搭 配; about which he was --- What were the things _______ not so sure? ? 2)、根据先行词判断,所用的介词与先行词的习惯 搭配; at which you drive your car --- The speed ____ mustn’t be too high. ? 3)、可以通过句子的整体含义,结合生活实际来判断。 of/among which the --- China has many rivers, ________ Yangtze River is the longest.

用适当的关系词填空: This is the machine on which _____ she spent 1000 dollars. Xiao Wang ,with whom _____ I went to the concert, enjoy it very much.
要点1: 紧跟介词的关 系词,引导定语从句时, 指事物用which, 指人用 whom。

PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT
1. Jeanne was her old friend, ____ B she borrowed a necklace. A. from who B. from whom C. to that D. to whom C he was like a blind man, fell to the 2. His glasses, _____ ground and broke its leg. A. which B. with which C. without which D. that D 3. She is a teacher of much knowledge, _____much can be learned. A. who B. that C. from which D. from whom

高考真题链接
? 1Wind power is an ancient source of energy ____ we may return in the near future. A. on which B. by which C. to which D. from which

高考真题链接
? 2She brought with her three friends, none of ____ I had ever met before. A. them B. who C. whom D. that

.

考点四、
关系词 as 的用法

关系代词as既可以引导限制性定从,也可 以引导非限制性定从,常用于以下情况:
1.限制性定从先行词有so, such, the same修 饰时,后面的定语从句常用as 引导, as 在从句中可充当主语,宾语,表语。 as you dream There is no such place ____ of in this world.
世界上绝没有像你梦想的那样的地方。

I have the same trouble ____ as you have.
我和你有同样的麻烦。

as 引导的限制性定语从句与状语从句区别
Please complete the following sentences and compare:
as we all like. This is such an interesting book ____ as we all like. This is so interesting a book _____
这是大家都喜欢的如此有趣的一本书。(定语从句)

that This is such an interesting book ____we all like it. This is so interesting a book ____we all like it. that
这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢。(结果状语从句)

要点: 引导非限制性定语从句时, as 跟which的区别:
as “正如? 正像?” 句首, 句中, 句末 若关系词指 代前面整句 话,且位于 主句之后, 二者有时候 可以互换.

which

“这” 句中, “这件事” 句末

2. 在非限制性定语从句中,as常 用于固
定搭配。
As is known to all/ As we all know 众所周知 As has been said/mentioned before 如前所述 As often happens/ As is often the case 正如经常发生的那样

PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT
D 1.It was raining, _____was a pity. A. what B. that C. the which D. which D 2.______has been said above, grammar is not a set of dead rules. A. Which B. What C. That D. As 3.We do the same work _____ B they do. A. which B. as C. than D. like D is known to us all. 4.The earth is round, _____ A. that B. which C. who D. as

高考真题链接
? 1. ____is generally the case, those who care for the weakest members of society are respected. A. Which B. That C. What D. As

高考真题链接
? 2. Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt ,_____is a stupid thing to do in such weather. A. this B. that C. what D. which

.

考点五:
定语从句与其他 复合句的区分

1. 定语从句与同位语从句
that ? ① We all have heard the news _____our team won.
? 同位语从句,that从句表示的是news的内容, that 在从句中不作任何成分。

? ② We don’t believe the newsthat/which ________he told us yesterday.
? 定语从句,that引导的句子修饰前面的news, that/which 在从句中充当宾语。

2. 定语从句与状语从句
? ① He left the key where _____ he had been an hour before.
? where引导的是状语从句,表示地点; 相当于in the place where…

where he lived for ? ② He left the place______ many years.
? where 引导的是定语从句,修饰the place, where在从句中做状语。

易混淆句型
as all of ? ③ He is such a good teacher___ us love and respect.
? as 引导的是限制性定语从句,as 在从句中充当宾语。

that we ? ④ He is such a good teacher_____ all like him.
?that引导的是结果状语从句, 在句子中不作成分, 句型 such…that… 翻译成 “如此…以致…”

3.定语从句与主语从句
As is known to us all, paper was ? ① ____ first made in China.
? as 引导非限制性定语从句,指代整个主句内容, ?可置于句首,句中,句末。

It ? ② ____is known to us all that paper was first made in China.
? it 做形式主语,指代that 引导的主语从句

4.定语从句与强调结构
where I met the ? ① It is the house______ young man.
(where 引导的是定语从句,修饰house, where在定语从句中作地点状语)

that I met the ? ② It was in the house_____ young man.
(本句为强调结构,去掉it was…that ,句子依然完整, 可还原为I met the young man in the house.)

? 巩固练习

PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT

c 1.A. The news ____he told us was very exciting.
c B. He has brought us the news ____our team
has won the game.

a I have hidden my money. 2. It is in a box ____
c we are needed. We’ll go ___
a. that b. in which c. where d. in it

a. what

b. as

c.that

d. where

c nobody 3. A. It is such a big stone _____ can lift. b nobody can B. It is such a big stone _____ lift it. a. which b. that c. as d. about which c I need is a good rest. 4. A. All ____ a need is a good rest. B. ____I a. What b. All what c. that d. Which

高考真题链接
? 1.()____ is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. A. It B. What C. As D. Which

高考真题链接
? 2.The news came____ the British Queen’s mother celebrated her 101th birthday in good health, ___ isn’t surprising, because she lives an easy life and gets the best medical care. ? A. that; which B. which; which ? C. that; that D. when; as

高考真题链接
? 3. The place ____ the bridge is supposed to be built should be_____ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest. A. which; where B. at which; which ? C. at which; where D. which; in which

Thanks for your attention!

? 1. The book was written in 1946, ______ the education system has witnessed great changes. ? A. when B. during which ? C. since then D. since when ? 2. The baby is due in May, ______ the new house should be finished ? A.bythen B. which ? C. by when D. since when ? 3,She climbed up to the top of the hill, _______ she could get a good view of the whole town. ? A there B from where ? C from there D which

Choose the correct answers:
1.______was natural, he married Jenny. A. Which B. That C. This D. As A we use in the experiment 2.Such signs _____ ______Greek letters. A. as , are B. as, is C. that, are D. that, is C 3.I passed him a large glass of whisky, _____ he drank immediately . A. that B. as C. which D. who
D



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