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初中--复习四大时态&预习现在完成时&被动语态



复习四大时态:一般现在时/一般过去时/一般将来时/现在进行时 ★学习目标: 1. 不同时态的动词结构 2. 不同时态的时间词 3. 不同时态的疑问句/否定句的句型结构 【挑战 1】 用动词适当形式填空 例:Danny will travel(travel) to the USA in the coming summer holiday. 1. Long ago, there _______________________ (be) a princess living in the castle. 2. Jack seldom _____________________ (go) to school by bike, he walks to school. 3. They ___________________ (hear) a baby crying last night. 4. Listen, Lily ___________________ (sing) in the music room. 5. She ___________________ (study) in UK next year. ★特别注意: 一般现在时动词结构:① _________________________ 一般过去时动词结构:① _________________________ 一般将来时动词结构:① _________________________ 现在进行时动词结构:① _________________________

② _________________________ ② _________________________ ② _________________________ ② _________________________

【挑战 2】 完成以下题目并划出题目的时间词/关键词 ( ) 1. --Listen, someone _____. --It's Never say Never, my favorite. A. is singing B. sing C. sings D. sang ( ) 2. David often _____ to the movies on weekends. He likes action movies. A. will go B. goes C. went D. was going ( ) 3. --Who cleaned the blackboard yesterday, Dick? --John _____. A. cleaned B. cleans C. did D. does ( ) 4. When she was 22 years old, her dream to be a teacher _____. A. came true B. comes true C. will come true D. is coming true ( ) 5. There_____ a concert tomorrow morning A. is B. was C. will be D. be 一般现在时时间词:__________________________________________________________________ 一般过去时时间词:__________________________________________________________________ 一般将来时时间词:__________________________________________________________________ 现在进行时时间词:__________________________________________________________________ ★ 时态判定 2 标志:________________和________________ 【挑战 3】单项选择 ( ) 1. —Let's discuss the plan, shall we? — Not now. I _____ to an interview. A. go B. went C. am going D. was going ( ) 2. The cake _____ sweet. A. is tasting B. will taste C. tasted D. tastes ( ) 3. In order to make our hometown more beautiful, people _____ trees around the city every year. A. plants B. plant C. will plant D. are planting ( ) 4. To protect the environment, supermarket doesn’t _____ free plastic bags to shoppers.

A. provide B. provides C. provided D. providing ( ) 5. —Where were you last Saturday? —I _____ in the Capital Museum. A. am B. will be C. was D. be ( ) 6. Summer holiday is coming, Li Lei _____ to go to Shanghai. A. want B. will want C. wants D. is wanting ( ) 7. Last year, we _____ Shenzhou-8into the space. It made us proud. A. were sending B. sended C. sends D. sent ( ) 8. Look! _____ some juice in the glass. A. There is B. There are C. There have D. There has ( ) 9. The old man _____ in Shanghai, but he _____ in Haikou now. A. be born; live B. was born; live C. is born; lives D. was born; lives ( ) 10. —Mum, I can't find my shoes. —Hurry up! Your father _____ for us. A. is waiting B. waited C. waits D. will wait 【挑战 4】把以下句子分别改为否定句及一般疑问句(时态不变) 1. Jack is a student. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Jack likes playing football after class. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Jack stayed up late last night. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Jack will attend a football course this winter holiday. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Jack is playing football now. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 时态 一般现在时 否定句结构 时态 一般现在时 一般疑问句结构

一般过去时

一般过去时

一般将来时 现在进行时 * 口诀:有 be 用 be,无 be 要求助

一般将来时 现在进行时

【挑战 5】 用动词适当形式填空

1. It’s going to rain soon, so we ______________________ (not go) out for a picnic tomorrow. 2. He ______________________ (not leave) the office until he finished his project. 3. Stop making so much noise please, we ______________________ (do) homework now. 4. Little Tom ______________________ (not play) computer games until he finishes his homework. 5. ________________ you ________________ (feel) like having a drink in Starbucks once a week? 6. ________________ Lily _________________ (attend) the meeting yesterday? 7. –When _________________ Lily _________________ (attend) the meeting? –Next Month. 8. What _________________ you _________________ (do) now? 预习初二现在完成时 ★ 学习目标 1. 现在完成时的动词结构 2. 现在完成时的句型结构 【挑战 1】 时态配对 A. 一般现在时 B. 一般过去时 C. 现在进行时 D. 现在完成时 1. Tim has gone to the library and he will back in the afternoon. ______ 2. Jasmine went to the library to finish his report. ______ 3. Peter is preparing for his exam at the moment. ______ 4. Louise and Tim haven't handed in their paper. ______ 5. Our school holds a sports meeting every year. ______ ★ 我们知道: 现在完成时由―现在+完成‖两个部分构成; ―现在‖即: ______/_____, 完成即―done‖, 因此,―现在完成时‖的动次结构为:______/_____+done; 【挑战 2】用 have/has 填空 1. Jenny _____________ lived in Australia for more than 15 years. 2. I _____________ eaten a big meal and I feel full now. 3. The Browns _____________ travelled to Disney Land several times. 4. He _____________ passed the exam already. ★ 注意:___________________________________________________________________________ 【挑战 3】写出以下动词的过去式及过去分词形式 do--did--done visit--_________--_________ work--_________--_________ make--_________--_________ get--_________--_________ lead--_________--_________ run--_________--_________ come--_________--_________ become--_________--_________ go--_________--_________ break--_________--_________ give--_________--_________ hit--_________--_________ put--_________--_________ read--_________--_________ ★ 我们知道:过去分词一般情况在动词词尾加_______;特殊情况有 ABB/ABA/ABC/AAA 型, 即不规则动词变化变第_______列 【挑战 4】用给出动词的“现在完成时”形式填空(一空一词) 1. Lucy __________ __________(come) home already. 2. Father __________ __________(work) in this company for more than 10 years. 3. We __________ __________(give) the children everything they need in the course. 4. You __________ __________(finish) all the homework, haven't you?

【挑战 5】归纳现在完成时否定结构 1. Louise and Tim have handed in their paper. have 改为 haven't 或 have not Louise and Tim haven't handed in their paper. p.p 过去分词(变/不变) 2. Tim has gone to the library and he will back in the afternoon. has 改为_____________或_____________,gone(变/不变) Tim hasn't gone to the library and he will back in the afternoon. 一空一词 3. Lucy hascome home already. Lucy __________ __________ home already. 4. Father has worked in this company for more than 10 years. Father __________ __________ in this company for more than 10 years. 5. We have given the children everything they need in the course. We __________ __________ the children everything they need in the course. 6. You have finished all the homework. You __________ __________ all the homework. 【挑战 6】归纳现在完成时疑问句结构 1. Louise and Tim have handed in their paper. have 提前置句首 Have Louise and Tim handed in their paper. p.p 过去分词(变/不变) 2. Tim has gone to the library and he will back in the afternoon. has 提前置句首,gone(变/不变) Has Tim gone to the library and he will back in the afternoon. 一空一词 3. Lucy has come home already. __________ Lucy __________ home already. 4. Father has worked in this company for more than 10 years. __________ Father __________ in this company for more than 10 years. 5. We have given the children everything they need in the course. __________ We __________ the children everything they need in the course. 6. You have finished all the homework. __________ You __________ all the homework.

复习四大时态:一般现在时/一般过去时/一般将来时/现在进行时 1. Every year my parents ___________ (give) me a present for my birthday. 2. Mike, where are you? ___________ you ___________(wait) for me now? 3. What ___________ you always ___________ (do) on weekends? 4. We usually ___________ (have) four classes in the morning. There ___________ (be) a break between two classes. 5. Look! Your little brother___________ (climb) the tree. 6. She ___________ (not write) a letter last night. 7. ___________ the singer ___________ (sing) two songs on TV once a week? 8. Your teacher ___________(look) young though(尽管) he is sixty years old. 9. My aunt ___________ (not arrive) here to see me until at the beginning of next month. 10. ___________ the students ___________ (sing) Take Me to Your Heart in the concert? 复习现在完成时 I. 改写句子 1. He has got home. He _________ __________ home. (否定句) __________ he __________home? (一般疑问句) 2. He has had lunch at home. He __________ __________ lunch at home. (否定句) __________ he __________lunch at home? (一般疑问句) 4. He has done homework at school. He __________ __________ homework at school. (否定句) __________ he __________ homework at school? (一般疑问句) __________ __________ he __________ homework? (划线提问) II. 用给出动词的“现在完成时”的适当形式填空(一空一词) 1. Lucy __________ __________(not arrive) at home. 2. Father __________ __________(stay) in this area for more than 10 years. 3. __________ We __________(give) the children everything they need in the course yet? 4. Jenny __________ __________(finish) all the homework. 预习初二被动语态 ★ 学习目标 1. 被动语态的动词结构 2. 被动语态的句型结构 一、什么是被动语态 比较例句:We clean our classroom every day. 我们每天打扫课室。 Our classroom is cleaned by us every day. 课室每天都被我们打扫。 语态是英语动词的一种形式,用来说明主语和谓语之间的关系,即主动语态和被动语态。主 动语态是动作的执行者做主语,被动语态是动作的承受者做主语。只有及物动词才有被动语态。 二、被动语态的动词结构 Our classroom will be cleaned tomorrow. 基本结构:be+p.p(done) ,be 根据时态作出变化,p.p 看具体动词(参考过去分词变化规律) 一般现在时:______/is/are+p.p 一般过去时:______/was+p.p 一般将来时:______+be+p.p 【挑战 1】用 be 的适当形式填空(画出时态关键;每空可填不止一词)

1. A new house _____________ built at the corner of the road next year. 2. My bike _____________ stolen last night. 3. The classrooms _____________ cleaned every day. 【挑战 2】用动词的适当形式填空(每空一词) 1. Knife is ______________(use) to cut things. 2. All the cakes were ______________(eat) by Jimmy. 3. All the rubbish will be ______________(throw) away. 【挑战 3】用动词的适当形式填空(画出时态关键;每空一词) 1. Doctors _______ ______________(send) in every part of Africa next year. 2. Lilly has _______ always _______ (laugh) at by her classmates. 3. In some part of the world, tea _______ _______ (serve) with milk and sugar. 4. A story _______ _______ (tell) by Granny yesterday. 三、被动语态的否定结构 1. Our classroom is cleaned by us every day. is 改为 isn't 或 is not;p.p(变/不变) ; Our classroom isn't cleaned by us every day. 2. Our classroom will be cleaned tomorrow. will 改为_______或_______;be 保留;p.p(变/不变) ; Our classroom will not be cleaned tomorrow. 【挑战 4】用被动语态否定结构填空(画出时态关键;每空一词) 1. A new house will be built at the corner of the road next year. A new house _________ _________ _________ at the corner of the road next year. 2. My bike was stolen last night. My bike _________ _________ last night. 3. The classrooms are cleaned every day. The classrooms _________ _________ every day. 4. Knife _________ _________ (use) to cut things. 5. All the cakes _________ _________ (eat) by Jimmy. 6. All the rubbish _________ _________ _________ (throw) away. 四、被动语态的疑问结构 1. Our classroom is cleaned by us every day. is 置于主语前;p.p(变/不变) ; Is Our classroom cleaned by us every day? 2. Our classroom will be cleaned tomorrow. will 置于主语前;be 保留;p.p(变/不变) ; Will Our classroom be cleaned tomorrow? 【挑战 5】用被动语态疑问结构填空(画出时态关键;每空一词) 1. __________ a new house __________ __________ (build) at the corner of the road next year? 2. __________ my bike __________ (steal)last night? 3. __________ the classrooms __________ (clean) every day?

复习感叹句 I. 结构 1. What a good day it is today! What sweet oranges you bought! What bad news we had! ___________________________________________________________________________________ 2. How good the weather is today! How fast Mingming runs! ___________________________________________________________________________________ II. 口诀:去主谓,看剩余, 有名词用 What,无名词用 How; 填 What 注意单复还有不可数;句中有 the 常填 How 1. 去主谓,看剩余_____________________ boy he is! _____________________ great China is! 2. 填 What 注意单复还有不可数:多好的天气啊! ___________ ___________ days they are! ___________ ___________ weather it is! 3. 句中有 the 常填 how:多么高的楼啊!_______ _______ the buildings are! 你做得多好啊!_______ _______ the boy did! * 句中有副词,闭上眼写 How!How well you did! 【转换】多么好的天气啊! ________ ________ _________day it is today! Let’s go out to have some fun! ________ ________ weather! Let’s go out to have some fun! ________ ________ the weather is! Let’s go out to have some fun! 【练习】单选 1._____a clever boy he is ! A. What B. How C. What’s D. How a 2._____she dances! A. How good B. How well C. What well D. What good 3._____quiet the park is! A. What a B. How C. How a D. What 4._____his father works! A. How careful B. How carefully C. What careful D. What carefully 5._____noisy they are making! A. What B. How C. How a D. What 6._____delicious soup! A. How B. What C. What a D. How a 7._____heavy snow! B. What a B. What C. How D. How a 8.____old bike Li Lei is riding! C. What a B. What an C. How a D. How an 9._____exciting moment it is! A. How a B. How an C. What an D. What a 10.______supper we’re having today! A. What a delicious B. How delicious C. What delicious D. How a delicious



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