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新东方四级 新东方 级笔记 第1课 四级考试中常见的考察词汇的题型: 级 I 押韵题型(押头韵,押尾韵); 答案总在相似中,如果有三个一样,基本上就在其中了. 54. The rain was heavy and _A_ the land was flooded. A consequently B continuously C constantly D consistently continue v. 继续,连续; continually adv. 时断时续地; continuously adv. 连续不断地. 说不停的咳嗽时,continually 是间歇的时断时续的咳嗽,continuously 是一直不停 的咳嗽. consequently adv. 因此,所以;(heavy rain 大雨, light rain 小雨) constantly adv. 始终如 一地,连续发生地;constant temperature 恒温 consistently adv. 一贯地,一致地; consistent adj. consistent policy 一贯的政策. 36. I hate people who _C_ the end of a film that you haven't seen before. A revise B rewrite C reveal D reverse rewrite v. 重写,改写; revise vt. 修改,修正; reveal vt. 揭示,揭露; reverse vt. 颠 倒,使反转,使反向.(vers 是词根,表示转动;re 是前缀,表示向相反方向) 42. There were no tickets _D_ for Friday's performance. A preferable B considerable C possible D available performance n. 表演,演出,演奏; perform vt. possible adj. 可能的 动词后加 able 构成 形容词通常表示"可…的" read -> readable accept -> acceptable consider vt. 考虑; considerable adj. (数量或尺寸)相当大(或多)的. preferable adj. 更好的,更可取的; available* adj. 可获得的, 可利用的,可支配的.(重点词) 33. In general, the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-fifth of the total _D_ for living expenses. A acceptable B applicable C advisable D available living expenses 生活 费; acceptable adj. 可接受的; apply vt. 申请,应用; applicable adj. 可应用的,适当的,合适的; advise vt. 建议; advice n. 建议; advisable adj. 明智的,可取的. 54. It is our _A_ policy that we will achieve unity through peaceful means. A consistent B continuous C considerate D continual achieve unity through peaceful means 通过和平手段取得 统一; consistent policy 一贯政策 II 构词法题型(词的转化,合成,派生); 构成符合形容词的名 词和数量词一律用单数.(见下面 2 个例题) 31. Despite the wonderful acting and well-developed plot the _B_ movie could not hold our attention. A three-hours B three-hour C three-hours' D three-hour's 267. Professor White wrote a _C_ report yesterday. A two-thousand-words B two-thousands-word file:///F|/学习资料/外语/新东方 新东方英语资料珍藏/index.htm 新东方 新东方英语学习网友笔记 笔记资料收集 新东方 笔记 整理珍藏版合集 下载地址:http://joyfrosh.com/xindongfang.html 新东方 10 大功能段落.pdf 笔记.pdf 新东方 CET 作文模版.pdf 新东方 FLASH 阅读强化加冲刺 新东方 2008 强化班完型笔记 笔记 笔记.pdf 新东方 MBA 联考复习材料.pdf 新东方 TWE 一百句.pdf 新东方 新东方作文.pdf 新东方 新东方俄 笔记 语词汇.pdf 新东方 级作文.pdf 新东方 级短文写作推荐背诵范文 Word 版.pdf 新东方 新东方六级 新东方六级 新东方六 新东方内部资料四六级写作背诵范文选.pdf 新东方 新东方刘畅词汇笔记 笔记.pdf 新东 级词汇讲义.pdf 新东方 级 笔记 新东方四级笔记.pdf 新东方 级词汇.pdf 新东方 新东方四级 新东方大 方四级 30 天 90 分之赵丽词汇语法.pdf 新东方 级笔记 级 学英语四级强化班——书面表达.pdf 新东方 新东方大学英语四级强化班——词汇与结构.pdf 新东 级 级 新东方新概念第二册笔记 笔记完美再现课堂讲解 1-68 课.pdf 方推荐有助于英语学习的电影.pdf 新东方 笔记 新东方练口语记六级单词.pdf 新东方 新东方考研十篇必背作文下载.pdf 新东方 新东方考研笔记 笔记.pdf 新东 新东方 级 笔记 新东方背诵 50 篇文本下载.pdf 新东方 新东方背诵文选全集共 50 篇.pdf 新东 方考研词汇辨析 1.pdf 新东方 新东方英语推荐必背的一百句话.pdf 新东方 新东方英语背诵 80 篇.pdf 新东方 新东方英语 方英语听力.pdf 新东方 背诵美文 30 篇.pdf 新东方 新东方词缀词根总结.pdf 新东方 新东方语法讲义.pdf 新东方 新东方赵丽词汇笔记 笔记.pdf 笔记 新东方高中英语核心单词精选.pdf 外语 口语 留学 翻译 file:///F|/学习资料/外语/新东方 新东方英 新东方 新东方

语 资 料 珍 藏 /index.htm (1 of 2) [2008-7-16 16:41:59] C two-thousand-word D two-thousands-words 以 ly 结尾的不全是副词; friendly, lonely, lovely, likely, lively adj. 考试中 常见的否定前缀: un-,dis-,in-,im56. _B_ his sister, Jack is quiet and does not easily make friends with others. A Dislike B Unlike C Alike D Liking like vt. 喜欢; dislike vt. 不喜欢,厌恶; unlike prep. 不像…; alike adj. & adv. 同样的(地),相象的(地); liking n. 爱好,嗜好; take a liking for 喜 欢…,对…产生好感. III 近义词含义比较; 44. There were some _A_ flowers on the table. A artificial B unnatural C false D unreal unreal adj. 不真实的(不是真实世界所拥有的,虚幻的); Ends justify means 不择手段; false adj. 具有欺骗性的,假的,伪造的; false coin/passport/hair,a false tooth/false teeth unnatural adj. 不自然的,经常用来修饰人的行为举止,表示做作的,矫揉造 作的. artificial adj. 人造人为的 artificial leg 假肢 artificial leather 人造皮 genuine leather 真 皮 54. When people become unemployed, it is _C_ which is often worse than lack of wages. A laziness B poverty C idleness D inability laziness n. 懒惰; poverty n. 贫穷; poor adj. 贫穷的; idleness n. 无事可做(中性,有时也有贬义含义); inability n. 没有能力,没有办法. 69. A lot of ants are always invading my kitchen. They are a thorough _A_. A nuisance B trouble C worry D anxiety invade 进攻,侵略; nuisance n. (具体的)令人讨厌的东西; trouble n. 烦恼,麻烦,问题; worry n. 担心,发愁; anxiety n. 焦虑. What a nuisance. 真是烦. IV 搭配关系问题; extent n. 程 度; to... extent 到达…程度,在…程度之上; extent 只能和 to 搭配. object vi. 反对; object + to + 动名词(动词的 ing 形式) . objection n. 反对; objection + to + 动名词(动词的 ing 形式) . V 形 相近,意相远; 65. In Britain, the best season of the year is probably _A_ spring. A late B last C latter D later late adj. 晚的,晚于通常时间的; late spring 晚春,暮春; last adj. 最后的,最终的; later adj. 更晚的(late 的比较级) 时间概念后一半的;只适用于表示某个世纪的后半期; , The 级 later twentieth century. 二十世纪的后一半. latter adj. (两者中)后者的; former adj. (两者中)前 者的; 59. Some people would like to do shopping on Sundays since they expect to pick up wonderful _B_ in the market. A batteries B bargains C baskets D barrels battery n. 电池; bargain n. 特价商品; It's really a bargain. 你真会买东西,不是说真便宜. basket n. 篮子; barrel n. 桶; wonderful bargain 物美价廉的商品;bargain v. 讨价还价; 53. Remember that customers don't _D_ about prices in that city. A debate B consult C dispute D bargain -------------------------XXXX-XX------------------------41. The bridge was named _A_ the hero who gave his life for the cause of the people. A after B with C by D from cause 事业; be named after 以…的名字命名; 42. There were no tickets _D_ for Friday's performance. A preferable B considerable C possible D available preferable adj. 更 好 的 , 更 可 取 的 ; 358. _C_ the Revolutionary War, the United States was an English colony. A Inferior to B Superior to C Prior to D Preferable to 具有比较意味的形容词只要与介词 to 搭配即可表示其比较级. super- 表示 级 在…上方,超过… inferior adj. 低于…的,劣于…的; superior adj. 高于…的,优于…的; prior adj. 在…之前的 Revolutionary War 特指美国独立战争;second adj. 第二的(含有比较意味,也与 to 搭配) He is second to none. 首屈一指,无与伦比; 30. Cancer is second only _B_ heart disease as a cause of death. A of B to C with D from 43. It wasn't such a good dinner _C_ she had promised us. A that B which C as D what 新东方 新东方英语四级笔记 级笔记资料 1 需要辨析的: 1. call off(取消,放弃) 和 call up(召集,唤起) 2. adapt to 和 adopt 3. arise 和 arouse 4. count on = rely on 5. cope with = deal with 6. no doubt 和 in doubt 7. employee 和 employer 8. general 和 generous 9. instant 和 constant 10. lie(及物) 和 lay(不及物) 11. regulate 和 regular 12. supply(有目的提供) 和 offer(无目的提供) 语法:(分值小) 1. 虚拟语气: 表示建议的几个词:wish, would rather, had rather; it is time that + 过 去 式 ; it is high time that + 过 去 式 ; but for,lest,as if,as though,would,should,could,might +动词原型.. (一) 听力题型分析 i,a 节(section a) 1, 问题类型

a 节每组对话一般是在一男一女之间进行的一问一答.问题一般由先讲话的人提出.题目均以 问句形式出现,其中 多数是特殊疑问句.这些问题涉及的内容大致归纳如下: a,多用来问以下 内容: 1) 问是什么,要什么,讨论什么,什么种类等,如: what is the mans answer? what does the woman want for lunch? what are they talking about? what kind of books does the man want to borrow? 2) 问做什么,如: what does the woman tell the man to do first? what are the speakers doing now? what will happen if john fails the exam? 3) 问什么含义,如: what does the man mean (imply) ? what does the womans answer suggest? 4) 问从对话中能获得什么信息或结论,如: what can we learn from the conversation? what can be concluded from this conversation? 5) 问对 某人或某事有什么看法,如: what does the man think of miss brown? what does the woman think of the plan? b,a 节中用提出的问题主要问对话可能是在什么场所发生的,即: where does this conversation most probably take place? where does this conversation most likely occur? where are the man and woman? c,可能问以下几个方面的情况: 1) 问钟点(可用替换),如: man (m): what time did yesterdays football match start? woman (w): it was supposed to start at a quarter to 7, but it was delayed an hour. question(q): when did the game finally start? 2) 问在哪个星期或星期几 (后者可用替换),如: w: i thought to go to town now. i have some shopping to do. m: dont spend too much, i wont get paid until next week. q: when will he be paid? 3) 问日期,如: when will the winter vacation begin? d,用提问的问题可以问原因,也可以问目的,如: why is the man late? why did the man repair the car by himself? e,可能问对话者某一方的身份,对话人之间的关系或对话 中涉及到的其他人的情况,如: w: may i help you ,sir? m: i hope so. its my watch. i brought it in to be repaired, but ive lost the receipt. q: who is the man? f,主要针对以下内容提问: 1) 问做某 事的方式,方法或使用的交通工具,如: how did the teacher usually begin his class? how does the man usually go to work? 2) 问对某事的感受如何,如: how does the man feel about the movie? how do you like the film? g,问多少,属于涉及数字的题,可能有以下几种形式: how many persons ...? how many dozens of ... does ... want? how much does ...? how old is ...? how long does it take ... to ...? a 节的问句根据疑问词划分,大致可以归为以上七类.a 节中偶尔也有个别 一般疑问句.但也可能出现其它类型的 问句,(如以 whom,whose,which 提问),或针对以上未 归纳的内容进行提问 新东方 新东方英语四级笔记 级笔记资料 3 (二) 2, 对话内容分类 若按对话内容分类, 则可分为以下几种类型: a,时间类:包括直接型和计算型.如: w: your library books are due on december 13th. if you have not finished using them by then, you may renew them once. m: thank you very much . i only need them for a few days. q: when must the man return his books to the library? b,数字类:包括直接型和计算型.如: w: do you live in a college dormitory? m: yes, i do. its a six-man suite, but at the moment only four of us live there. q: how many people share the suite now? c,地点类:包括直接型和含蓄型.如: m: i need to cash this check? w: will you step right over to the tellers window, please? q: where is the conversation most probably taking place? d,否定类: 此类对话既可以含有 not,no,neither,nor 等否定词,也有 but,although 等转折词,或 由 would rather,too...to 结构及虚拟语气等表达.因此,对于后者要特别加以注意.如: m: ann, do you have any extra money you could loan me? w: i wish i could help you. i went shopping yesterday. now i have only two dollars till the end of the week. q: will the man borrow any money from the woman? 此题的答案肯定是 no.听这段话时要抓住 i wish i could help you.这一关键 话语.这句话虽然从表面上看是肯 定式,但却隐含着 im sorry i cant help you.的意思. e,人物类: 包括人物关系,人物身份两类.此类对话提供一个情节,能反映所涉及的人的关系或身份.如: m: good evening, madam. there is a table for two over there. this way, please. w: thank you. could i see the menu, please? q: what's the relationship between the man and woman? a) husband and wife. b) waiter and customer. c) salesman and customer. d) host and guest. f,活动类: 这一类谈话

内容可涉及上课,娱乐,工作,日常生活等各种 情况.如: w: are you going to new york next weekend? m: yes, im going to look up bill while im there. q: whats the man going to do? 这类对 话中往往先后出现几种情况,要注意听问句是什么,然后再作出选择. (三) 3, 几种常见的解题 方法 a 节中的对话虽然简短,但多数情况下,往往不能从听到的内容中找到与选择项内容完 全相同的部分,即对 话中一般没有现成的答案.因此,在听的时候要注意抓住选择项的同义或 反义词(组)用辨别法答题(解活 动类多用此方法),或根据对话内容采用归纳,推论或辨别的方 法回答.用这种方法答题,类型不仅仅限于 诸如 what does the man mean?这样的题目,其它如 含蓄人物类,人物身份类,含蓄地点类,否定类题目也 与此类似.如: w: how do you like the play you saw last night? m: well, i should have stayed at home. q: what does the man think of the play? a) it is exciting. b) it is boring. c) he didnt see the play. d) he like it very much. 对话中 i should have stayed at home.(我真该待在家里),这句话已婉转地表明他不喜欢这出戏,而对没有 待在 家里表示遗憾,后悔(should have done something 这种结构可用来表示对应该发生而实际上没 有发生 的事情表示遗憾,后悔或谴责).能使他产生此感想的原因自然是 the play is boring.(演 出令人厌烦),因 而 b 是正确的答案.否定类题目多含有虚拟语气,语气否定,暗示比喻,强化意 见等形式.这一节属于此数 字类题目的对话中,多出现两处,甚至三,四处数字或时间,因此,除 了用辨别方法外,有时必须用计算方 法才能得出正确答案. (四) 四六级英语写作类型 1. 体 级 裁:说明文,议论文 最近几年的四六级作文的体裁以说明文和议论文为主.说明文如: how to 级 succeed in a job interview (2000,12,四级), how i finance my college education(2000,1 四级), 级 级 practice makes perfect, haste makes waste(97,1 六级)议论文如:dont hesitate to say no (99, 四级 级 级 和六级) can money buy happiness 95, 四级) is a test of spoken english necessary? 1 , ( 1 , (2000, 级 级 四级) reading selectively or extensively? (99, 六级), lucky numbers really bring good 6 6 do luck? 级 级 (98,6 四级和六级) 2.段落类型:比较/对比,列举,程序等 说明和议论文章所采用的文章扩展模 级 级 式一般以比较/对照, 举例,列举,因果,程序等者居多.如:dont hesitate to say no, reading selectively or extensively 等很 多四六级写作中都涉及到两种观点的对比,整体的段落类型为 级 对照型.practice makes perfect, harmfulness of fake commodities 等可采用因果行的段落结构 模式,也可以采用举例说明的结构模式. advantages of a job interview 则应采用列举的段落扩 展模式. 3. 出题方式: 提纲式写作, 中文提纲, 一般为三句或两句. 如: 年 1 月份考题 directions: for this 99 part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: dont hesitate to say no. you should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in chinese) below. 1. 别人请求帮助时,在什么情况下我们会说"不.2. 为什 么 有 些 人 在 该 说 不 的 时 候 不 说 不 .3. 该 说 不 时 不 说 不 的 坏 处 . 再 如 : 年 一 月 分 考 题 directions: for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition 98 on the topic: harmfulness of fake commodities. you should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in chinese) below. 1. 目前社会上有不少假冒伪劣商品(fake commodities).为什么会有这种情况 2. 举例说明假冒伪劣 商品对消费者个人,社会等的危害. 四六级高分作文中使用率最高的基本句式以下是英语四六级短文写作中使用率最高,覆盖面 级 级 最广的基本句式,每组句式的功能相同或相似,考生 可根据自己的情况选择其中的 1-2 个, 做到能够熟练正确地仿写或套用. 1.表示原因 1) There are three reasons for this. 2) The reasons for this are as follows. 3) The reason for this is obvious. 4) The reason for this is not far to seek. 5) The reason for this is that... 6) We have good reason to believe that... 例如: There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly, people's living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life. 注: 如考生写第一个句 子没有把握, 可将其改写成两个句子. Great changes have taken place 如: in our life. There are

three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误.新四六级备考专 题:包含报考信息, 级 四六级新题型介绍,四级满分牛人经验谈等 2.表示好处 1) It has the following advantages. 2) 级 级 It does us a lot of good. 3) It benefits us quite a lot. 4) It is beneficial to us. 5) It is of great benefit to us. 例如: Books are like friends. They ca n help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons. Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us. 3.表示 坏处 1) It has more disadvantages than advantages. 2) It does us much harm. 3) It is harmful to us. 例如: However,everything dividesinto two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion. 4.表示重要,必要,困 难,方便,可能 1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth. 2) We think it necessary to do sth. 3)It plays an important role in our life. 例如: Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business. Soon, computers will be found in every home,too. We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age. 5.表示措施 1) We 2) We 3) We 4) We 例如: should should should should take some effective measures. try our best to overcome (conquer)the difficulties. do our utmost in doing something. solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with. The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious. Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it. 6.表示变化 1) Some changes have taken place in the past five years. 2) A great change will certainly be produced in the world's communications. 3) The computer has brought about many changes in education. 例如: Some changes have taken place in people's diet in the past five years. The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek. Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins. 四级词汇答题技巧 1. 级 利用动词词组中的介词或副词确定正确选项 命题人员想考查考生是否掌握了某一动词词组 的用法,在设计四个选项时,有时会让一个动词出现在四个 选项中,只是后边的介词或副词不 一样.在做这一类题时,如果我们认识某一词组,根据自己的判断毫不犹 豫地选择你认为是正 确的选项.如果不认识或拿不准词组的意义,我们可以根据上下文以及动词后边的介词 或副 词进行推导. 1) Having decided to rent a flat, we__contacting all the accommodation agencies in the city.(1998 年 1 月 CET4) A)set about B)set down C)set out D)set up 本题的答案为 A).本 句前边说"已经决定租房,我们联系房屋中介商……"这里需要填"开始"的意思.从动词 后的 4 个介词来说,只有 about 有表示"将来"(beabout)的意思,所以 A 为正确答案.需顺便补充的 是,set about 结构中,about 是介词,因此它后面如果跟动词,需要用动词的-ing 形式. 2)When he realized the police had spotted him,the man__the exit possible.(1991 年 1 月 CET4) A)made off B)made for C)made out D)made up as quickly as 本题的答案为 B).这里空格处要填的是表 示"走向"之意,这里只有"for"表示在同一水平线上"向……方向". 注意,句中有 exit 一词,表 示 the man 是在一建筑物内,所以不可能用 out the exit(注意上下文),而 且 out 是一个副词, 后面接名词时需要有介词 of,所以正确选项是 B)而不是 C). 2.利用动词词组中的动词确定 选项 有些题的四个选项中的介词或副词一样,而动词不同,这时我们就可以利用动词的区别 来确定正确选项,如 下例: If you__the bottle and cigarettes,you'll be much healthier.(1997 年 1 月 CET6) A)take off B)keep off C)get off D)set off 本题答案为 B).keep 与 off 合在一起是" 与……保持距离,远离……"的意思,根据句义"如果你不喝酒(这 里 bottle 代指酒),吸烟,你就 会更健康",正确选项为 B). 3.释义参照型+近义词 由于句子之间语义的关联,句中一部分有 时对另一部分构成解释关系,我们可以根据已经明示的部分来确定 选项. 1)The medicine is on sale everywhere.You can get it at__chemist's.(1997 年 6 月 CET4) A)each B)some C)certain D)any 正 确 选项 为 D).本 题 中前 一句 中的 everywhere 就 决定 了第 二句中 的 空格 处填

(at)any(chemist's). 2)The manager spoke highly of such__as loyalty,courage and truthfulness by his employees.(1998 年 1 月 CET4) A)virtues B)features C)properties D)characteristics shown 正确选项为 A).本句中 as 后面的名词 loyalty(忠诚),courage(勇气),truthfulness(实事求是)是 对 空格处名词进行的解释.本句中的 3 个名词归纳起来都属于人应当具有的"美德",所以本 题的答案为 A). 4.因果参照型+近义词 这是指在一句或两句话中,要么通过"因"推出"果",要 么通过"果"推出"因".这是利用语法关系去确定选项,如 下列例句. 1)Some old people don't like pop songs because they can't__so much noise.(1997 年 1 月 CET4) A)resistB)sustainC)tolerateD)undergo 正确选项为 C).本句从 don'tlike…,推出后边的 can't tolerate,表示"不能容忍"的意思. size. (1998 年 1 月 CET4) 2) As a result of careless washing, the jacket__to a child's A)compressedB)shrankC)droppedD)decreased 正确选项为 B).通过原因 "acreless washing"推出正确选项 B)shrank,意思是"收缩".注意四个选项中 只有 B)项表示"衣 服缩水"的意思:其他各项的意思是:A)紧压,压缩;C)下降;D)减少. 3) Since the matter was extremely__, we dealt A)toughB)tenseC)urgentD)instant with it immediately. 1998 年 1 月 CET4) ( 正确选项为 C).后半句中的副词"immediately"可以推出前半句中的"urgent"(迫切的 紧急的). 5.转折或反义与对比参照型 这种类型题有的是通过转折词或反义词,或对比词来确 定选项,有的是通过句中词来确定选项中的转折词. 1)Even though he was guilty,the__judge did not send him to prison.(1997 年 1 月 CET6) A)mercifulB)impartialC)conscientiousD)conspicuous 正 确 选 项 为 A). 让 步 状 语 从 句 中 的 guilty 和主句的意思表明法官是一个"仁慈"的人.所以 A)项正确.其他 三项的意思分别是:B) 正直的,公正的;C)有良心的;D)显著的. 2)__their differences,the couple were developing for each other.(1998 年 1 月 CET4) A)But forB)For allC)Above allD)Except for 正确选项为 B).句中 的 their differences,obvious 是 for all,意思是"尽管". an obvious and genuine affection and genuine affection 可确定选项中的转折词只能 3)These good sare__for export,though a few of home market.(1998 年 6 月 CET4) A)essentiallyB)completelyC)necessarilyD)remarkably 正确 选项为 A).通过转折词 though 和对比词 export 与 home 其他三项都不符合句意. them may be sold on the market 可确定选项为 A),意思是"基本上". 4)Mr.Morgan can be very sad__,though in public he 年 1 月 CET4) A)by himselfB)in personC)in privateD)as individual is extremely cheerful. (1997 正确选项为 C).通过后半句的转折词 though 和对比词 in public…cheerful 来确定 sad in private,意思 是"私下里". 6.反义对比参照型+近义词 这里指 的是利用句子主干中的某词或短语,再加上四个近义词选项的区别来确定正确选项. 1)Competition,they believe,__the national character than corrupt it.(1997 年 1 月 CET6) A)enforcesB)confirmsC)intensifiesD)strengthens 正 确 选 项 为 D)than 决 定 了 这 里 的 corrupt(腐坏,破坏)与空格处的词相对,所以空白处应填入 D),表示 "加强"的意思. 2)I think she hurt my feelings__rather than by 月 CET6) A)virtuallyB)deliberatelyC)literallyD)appropriately accident as she claimed. (1997 年 1 正确选 项为 B).通过 rather than 可知 by accident 与空格处相对.by accident 的意思是"偶然地,不 经 意地",与此相对的应当是 deliberately,"故意地". 3)As an excellent shooter,Peter practised aiming targets.(1997 年 6 月 CET6) A)standingB)stationaryC)stillD)stable at both__targets and moving 正确选项为 B).根据从句我们知道这个射手什么靶子都能射中,"both…and"表明 moving 与空格处相对. moving 的意思是"移动的",与此相对的应是 stationary,表示"定置的, 非移动的"的意思. 7.语意环境参照型 1) The president made a__speech at the opening ceremony of the sports meeting, which encouraged the sportsmen greatly.(1997 年 1 月 CET4) A)vigorousB)tediousC)flatD)harsh 正确选项为 A) "encourage"表明了校长所作发言的特点是 积极的, . 肯定的. 所给四个选项中只有 A) vigorous 是一个褒义词,意思是:有力的,其他三

项从词语色彩上均不符合语境. 2)However,at times this balance in nature is__,resulting in anumber of unforeseen effects.(1998 年 6 月 CET4) A)troubledB)disturbedC)confusedD)puzzled 正确选项为 B).从句子的后半部分的 result 合句 义. 8.根据词的同现确定正确选择项 同现即同一组词总会出现在同一个语义场中.考试题中 出现的同现现象主要是动词与名词的同现,形容词与 名词的同现,名词与名词的同现. 1)The government is trying to go something to__better understanding between the two countries.(1997 年 6 月 CET4) A)raise B)promote C)heighten D)increase 正确选项是 B).better 和空格处的 内容属动词和名词的重现.4 个选项中只有 B)promote 才能和 better understanding 搭配,表 示"促进"的意思. 2)John Dewey believed that education should be a preparation for life,that person learns by doing,and that teaching must__the curiosity and creativity of children.(1998 年 6 月 CET4) A)seek B)stimulate C)shape D)secure a in effects 可知 balance possibly in nature 受到了破坏.Disturb 符 正确选项是 B).所给 4 个选项中只有 B)stimulate 才能和 curiosity 和 creativity 同现,表示"激励,激发"的 意思. 3)Remember that customers don't__about prices A)debate B)consult C)dispute D)bargain in that city.(1991 年 1 月 CET4) 正确选项是 D).本 句中 customers,prices 和选项中的 bargain 可以出现在同一语义场中.bargain about 短语意 思是:就……讨价还价. 2005 年 12 月 24 日英语四级考试作文题及范文作文原题: Part V. 级 Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists? You should write at Least 120 words following the outline given below : 1.名校校园正成为旅游新热点 2.校园是否应对游客开放, 人们看法不同 3.我认为…… Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists? 参考范文: Should the Uiversity Campus Be Open to tourism? Nowadays, many famous university campuses have become one of the popular tourist attraction. It has been shown on TV and on the radio that every year thousands and thousands of middle school students visit Tsing Hua University and Peking University and other famous universities in China. In the place far away from the capital city, the local students also visit the universities famous in their own province. So far as the present situation is concerned, is it a good or bad thing to open the university campus for tourists? Different people have different opinions. On one hand, some people argued that it is a good thing for the students to visit the famous university campus in that it can enable the middle students to get more information about the university and they can have enough time and opportunity to prepare themselves with the chance to get into the university. On the other hand, some people hold a negative view about this phenomenon. In their opinion, the public tourism will have negative effect on the universities because it will not only do harm to the environment but also to the intellectual atmosphere. In my opinion, the tourism to the universities is not a good thing. The campus is mai nly a place for study. With the increasing tourism on the campus, it will ruin the spiritual atmosphere in this learning field. 巧记速记 1-4 级 Word list 1 able adj. ①有能力的, 能干的②出色的,显示出才华的 经典例句 Behind an able man there are always other able men. 山外有山,人外有人. 词汇辨析 able,capable,competent: able 表示"行得通的"或"做得到的",在 表示"才能"之意时比;capable 表达的才能更强; capable 指人的潜能或经训练后而具备的工 作能力; competent 指一个人有能力去完成某项特定任务. 注意:capable 可用于表示贬义的 才能. 记忆方法反义词:able → unable;ability → inability;enable → disable ability42 n.能力,才 能,能耐 经典例句 Patience is the ability to put up with people you'd like to put down. 能容忍你 想羞辱的人,便是忍耐. 考点提要 the ability to do sth.(具有)做某事的能力;to the best of one's ability 尽力 记忆方法 ability 派生于形容词 able"能够……的" disable]vt. ①使残废,使丧失 (身体某部分)功能②使无权 考点提要 be disabled from (doing) 被剥夺……的权利 记忆方

法 the disabled 残疾人(总称); disabled adj. 残废的 disability n. 残废,残疾 enable vt.使能够, 使可能 经典例句 Listening to music enables us to feel relaxed. 听音乐能使我们放松. unable adj. 不能的,不会的 记忆方法 able 反义词 unable;ability 反义词 inability 词根记忆 un 常 加于形容词前,in 常加在原形容词派生的名词前. Absorb absorb8 vt.①吸收(水,热,光等)②使 专心,使全神贯注 经典例句 While planting our feet solidly on our national conditions we will boldly press ahead with reform and opening-up, and boldly absorb all fine achievements of human civilizations.我们立足国情, 大胆推进改革开放, 勇于吸收人类一切优秀文明的成果来充实 自 己 . 考 点 提 要 be absorbed in 专 心 于 记 忆 方 法 派 生 词 :absorption n. 吸 收 , 吸 收 作 用;absorbed adj.被吸收的 词根记忆 ab(相反,变坏,离去)+sorb(吸收 吸收掉) absorb(吸收) absorbent adj. (能)吸收的 考点提要 absorbent contten wool 脱脂棉 absorbing adj.引人入胜的 考点提要 an absorbing film 一部引人入胜的电影 Abundant abundant1 adj.丰富的,大量的,充 足的,多的 考点提要 be abundant/rich in sth. ……丰富;富有…… 记忆方法反义词:scarce 缺 乏的,不足的 词根记忆 ab (加强)+ und (波动)+ ant 〔多得〕像波浪一样 丰富的 Access access7 n.①接近,进入,接近的方法②通道,入口 经典例句 In other parts of Asia, Hong Kong residents use "Octopus" smart cards to access trains, buses, and ferries or pay for merchandise or parking.在亚洲其他地区,香港居民使用 Octopus 智能卡来乘坐火车,汽车, 轮船,购物或缴停 车费. 记忆方法派生词:accessible 可达到的,可进入的;accession(权利,地位的)获得 词根记忆 ac(接近)+cess(行走) 走近 Accommodation accommodation2 n.①住处,膳宿②(车,船,飞机等的) 预定铺位 经典例句 We have to find accommodation.我们不得不寻找住处. 记忆方法同根 词:accommodate v.提供食宿 词根记忆~=ac(to)+com(together)+mod(manner)+ation→住处 commodity1 n. 商品,日用品 经典例句 I lead a very busy life,so spare time is a very precious commodity to me.我的生活非常忙,空余时间 对我来说是非常珍贵的. 词根记忆 commod(方 便)+ity (表名词) 商品 Accumulate accumulate7 vt.积累,积蓄 vi.累积,聚积 经典例句 As the stock of foreign currency accumulate, speculation on an appreciation rises, making it ever more costly to hold the currency down.随着外币资产累积,对升值的预期也将提高,甚至会导致压低 货币汇率 的成本提高. 记忆方法派生词:accumulation n.积累,累积;accumulative adj.累积的 词根记忆 ac(一再)+cumul(堆积)+ate 堆积起来 accumulate(积累) cumulative3adj.累积的,渐 增的 Accurate accurate6 adj.准确的,精确的 经典例句 The only thing more accurate than incoming enemy fire is incoming friendly fire.唯一比敌人火力还精 确的是友军打过来的炮 火.(误射) 记忆方法同根词:accuracy n.精确,准确;accurately adv.精确地,准确地 词根记忆 ac(一再)+ cur(关心)+ ate 一再关心,弄精确为止 accuracy n.准确,精确(度) 经典例句 It is impossible to say with any (degree of) accuracy how many are affected. 无论如何也说不准受影 响的有多少. Acquaintance acquaintance n.①认识,了解②熟人,相识 经典例句 Have but few friends though many acquaintances. 朋 友 要 少 , 熟 人 要 多 . 词 汇 辨 析 acquaintance,friend,associate: acquaintance 相识但不很熟悉的人; friend 朋友,友人; associate 工作上的同事,伙伴. 词根记忆~=ac(to)+quaint(to know)+ance(词尾)→认识 Act act vi.①行 动,做事②起作用,见效③表演 vt.扮演,装作,以……自居 n.①行为,动作②法令,法案,条例,(法 院的)判决③(戏)(一)幕 经典例句 When one is about to act, one must reason first. 凡事要先思 而后行. 考点提要 act as 充当; act on ①作用于,影响② 遵照……行动,奉行;act up①出毛病, 运转不正常②耍脾 气,捣蛋;in the act of 正做……的过程中 词汇辨析 act,action: act 指具体 的动作,如: in the act of learning; action 指抽象,概括的动作,如: take action. action n.①行动,行 动过程②作用 经典例句 Actions speak louder than words.事实胜于雄辩. active21 adj.①活跃 的,敏捷的②积极的,勤奋的③在活动中,在起作用的 记忆方法 active 活跃的,活泼的;反义 词:inactive 积极的,主动的;反义词:passive activity n.活力,活动;actively adv.活泼地,积极

地;activist n.(政治活动的)活跃分子,积极分子 activity n.①活动,行动②活跃,活力 经典例句 Progress is the activity of today and the assurance of tomorrow. 进步是今天的活动,明天的保证. 词根记忆 act (行动,做)+ ivity (状态) 活动状态 活动 interact vi. 相互作用,相互影响 词根记 忆~=inter(between)+act(to act) interaction n.相互作用,相互影响 经典例句 Between the peoples of China and Japan, there is both a history of over 2000 years of friendly interactions.中日 两国人民有 2000 多年友好交往的历史. react vi.反应,作出反应 经典例句 Acid can react with base to form salt.酸和碱起化学反应形成盐. 词根记忆 re(反)+ act (行动,做) 反动,反应, 反抗 reaction 3 n. ①反应,反作用 ②反动,反对,反抗 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 act. v. →action n. 作用 react v. → reaction n. 反作用 interact v. →interaction n. 相互作用 actor n.男演员,参与 者 actress n.女演员 记忆方法① ess 表示阴性.如:waiter 男侍者 — waitress 女侍者;②host 男主人— hostess 女主人 exact 6 adj. ①确切的,正确的②精确的,精密的 经典例句 Reading makes a full man, conference a ready man, and writing an exact man. 读书使人渊博,交谈 使人 机敏,写作使人严谨. 词汇辨析 exact,precise,accurate: exact "精确的",指"十分确切,丝毫不差"; precise "精密的","明确的",强调确切性,如:The precise sum is 65 cents; accurate"正确的",与真 实情况一致, Actual actual adj.①实际的,事实上的②现行的,现实的 经典例句 We have probably not caught up with the Americans or the Italians when it comes to the actual display of emotions.当真正表达情感的时候,我们可能还是不如美国人或意大利人直白. 词汇辨析 true,actual: true 真正的,强调真实性,如: a true story; actual 强调实际,现实的东西,如: his actual experience. actually adv. 实际上,事实上 经典例句 He was actually Britain's top spy in the city. 他实际上是英国派驻此城市的顶级间谍. Adapt adapt8 v.①改编,改写②使适应 词汇辨析 级 adapt,adopt: adapt 适应,改编; adopt 接受,收养. 词根记忆 ad(一再)+apt(适应) 一再适应〔环 境〕 使适应 apt2 adj. ①恰当的,贴切的②聪明的,擅长的 经典例句 A man apt to promise is apt to forget. 轻诺者易忘. 考点提要 be apt to do 易于……,容易……;be apt at sth. 在某事上 很聪明 词汇辨析 apt, likely: apt 指事物/人本身具有某种倾向; likely 则指说话人主观认为 某物"可能会"怎样. opt vi. (for) 选择,挑选 adopt8 vt.①接受,采用②收养 经典例句 The just concluded Second Plenary Session of the Ninth National People's Congress adopted amendments to the Constitution.刚刚闭幕的九届全国人大二次会议通过了宪法修正案. 考点提要 adopted 可以作前置,后置定语,但意义不同 adopted son 养子 methods adopted 采用的方法 记忆方 法 派 生 词 :adoption n. 采 取 , 收 养 ;adoptive adj. 收 养 ( 了 孩 子 )的 词 根 记 忆 ad( 做 ……, 加 强……)+opt(选择) 选出来 adopt(收养;采纳) option n.选择,选择权,选择自由 经典例句 I have little option but to go.我别无选择只好走. 记忆方法反义词:compulsion n.强迫,强调 词根 记忆 opt (选择)+ ion 选择 optional 5 adj. 可以任选的,非强制的 词根记忆 option (选择)+ al 可任意选择的 一句双雕 There are both compulsory subjects and optional subjects at school. 学 校里既有必修课,又有选修课. optimist n. 乐观(主义)者,乐天派 经典例句 An optimist sees the rose; a pessimist the thorn.乐观的人看到玫瑰,悲观的人只看到它的刺. optimistic adj. 乐观 的,乐观主义的 经典例句 They are cautiously optimistic that the reforms will take place.他们对 是否实行改革表示审慎的乐观. 记忆方法 optimism n. 乐观主义反义词 pessimism n. 悲观 主义 optimist n. 乐观主义者反义词 pessimist n. 悲观主义者 optimistic adj. 乐观的反义词 pessimistic adj. 悲观的 optimistically adv. 乐观地反义词 pessimistically adv. 悲观地 词根记 忆~=opt(to wish)+imistic(词尾) 一句双雕 Some experts are optimistic about our chances of success, but others are pessimistic.一些专家对我 们有可能成功抱乐观态度,可另一些则持悲 观态度. Add add16 v.①增加②进一步说,附带说明 经典句 Ms Marschall added she believed there was a danger in portraying the human side of Hitler on screen. 马沙尔补充说她相信在荧 屏上刻画希特勒人性化的一面是危险的. 考点提要 add to 增加;add up to 共计为,合计达

addition n.①加,加法②增加的人,附加物 词汇辨析 in addition, in addition to: in addition 另外, 此外,在句中相当于副词; in addition to 加上,除……之外,后接名词或代词. 记忆方法①同根 词:add 加,增加;additional 附加的;additive 添加物,添加剂②相关词:减法 subtraction; 乘法 multiplication;除法 division 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 add v. 加→subtract v. 减 addition n. 加法 → subtraction n. 减 法 plus prep 加 →minus prep 减 multiply v. 乘 →divide v. 除 multiplication n. 乘→division n. 除 additional4 adj.附加的,额外的,另外的 经典例句 Studies show that once the basic needs of shelter and food are met, additional wealth adds very little to happiness.研究表明,一旦衣食住行的基本需求得到满足,额外的财富并不能增添多少幸福. Advance advance4 vi.①前进,进展②提高,提升,(物价)上涨 n.①前进,进展②预付款,贷款③(价 格,工资)增长 vt.① 预先发放,预先支付 ②提前,使提前发生 ③提出(建议)等 adj.预先的,先 行的 经典例句 Knowledge advances by steps and not by leaps. 知识只能循序渐进,不能跃进. 考点提要 in advance 预先,提前;in advance of 比……先进,在……之前 advanced adj.先进的, 高级的,后期的 经典例句 Knowledge is a comfortable and necessary retreat and shelter for us in 级 an advanced age; and if we do not plant it when young, it will give us no shade when we grow old. 学识可使老年时舒适地退隐和有所寄 托;但如果年青时不使它扎下根,老年就得不到它的庇 护 . 记 忆 方 法 相 关 词 : elementary 初 级 的 ;intermediate 中 级 的 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 elementary (初级的)→intermediate(中级的)→advanced (高级的)advantage15 n.①优点, 有 利 级 级 级 条件②好处,利益 经典例句 Be able to be alone. Lose not the advantage of solitude.要有单独自 处的能力,不要放过孤寂的好处. 考点提要 take advantage of 利用……,乘……;have (gain,get) an advantage over 比……有利;be of advantage to 有利于(to 作介词,后跟名词);to advantage 有利地,使优点突出地 词汇辨析 make use of,take advantage of: make use of \!利用",指很好地 使用,别无他意; take advantage of \!利用,趁……之机",指为了自己的利益而对某人(事)加以利 用,常用作贬义. 记忆方法反义词:disadvantage n.短处,不利之处 Adventure adventure n.①冒 险,冒险活动,惊险②投机活动 经典例句 The gang travelled throughout the country in their van, the Mystery Machine, on the trail of supernatural adventures. 这帮人开着一辆名叫"神秘机器" 的大篷货车周游全美国,这是一次追踪超自然现象的探险之旅. 词根记忆 ad (增强)+ venture (冒险) venture n. 冒险,冒险事业 v. ①冒险,使……处于危险的环境或情况 ②敢于说,竟敢 经 典 例 句 Venture a small fish to catch a great one. 吃 小 亏 占 大 便 宜 . 词 汇 辨 析 venture,adventure: 两者都有"冒险"之意. venture 既可做名词,又可做动词,多指冒生命危险或 重大的经济风险; adventure 只用作名词, 且更为常用, 所冒之险一般只是刺激性强, 并无多 大危险, 用作复数时, 意为"冒险事故". 词根记忆 vent (来)+ ure 来到〔危险〕 冒险 Advertise advertise vt.①公告,公布②为……做广告 vi.登广告,做广告 经典例句 It was unwise of them to advertise their willingness to make concessions at the negotiations.他们宣布 愿意在 谈判中让步,这是不明智的. advertisement(ad.) n.①广告,公告②广告活动 记忆方法 ad.是缩 写形式.advert n.=advertisement 词根记忆~=ad(to)+vert(to turn)+isement(词尾) Advice advice n.劝告,忠告,意见 经典例句 Advice when most needed is least heeded. 最容易忽视的建议往 往是最重要的. 考点提要 a piece of advice 一条建议 记忆方法同根词:advise vt.忠告,建 议;advisable adj.明智的,可取的 advise18 vt.①劝告,向……提意见②建议③通知 考点提要 advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事 advise sb.not to do sth. against doing sth.建议某人不要做 某事 advise (inform) sb. of sth.通知某人某事 词汇辨析 advise, persuade: advise 劝说,劝告,强 调过程 persuade 说服,劝服,强调结果 词根记忆 ad(使)+ vise 使〔别人〕看到 劝告〔别人〕 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 advice n. → advise v. 劝告,建议 choice n. → choose v. 选择 device n. →devise v. 设计一句双雕 I advised her to take her mother's advice. 我劝她听她妈妈的忠告. advisable5 adj.明智的,贤明的,可取的 经典例句 It wasn't really advisable to start working on

three and four until we knew that we actually had something in two.在我们不知道第二部是否真 正获得成功之前就开始制作第三和第四部是不明智的. 考点提要 It is advisable that + 虚拟 语气 Affect affect vt.①影响②打动,感动③(疾病)侵袭 词汇辨析 affect,effect,influence: affect 常用作动词,effect 常用作名词(意为"影响"):to affect sth.=to have an effect on sth. effect 作动 词时很正式,意为"产生,带来(结果)",这个产生或带来的结果常常是某人所希望的. influence 指通过行动,榜样等对他人产生潜移默化的影响或作用,注重"影响"的结果. 记忆方法形似 词:effect n.影响;effort n.努力 词根记忆 af(使)+fect(做)→使人做→影响 effect 43 n.①结果② 效果,作用 vt.产生,招致 经典例句 The effect speaks, the tongue needs not.事实胜于雄辩. 考 点提要 in effect = in fact 实际上;take effect = come into force 实施,生效;to that effect 大意如 此 记忆方法 fect(作用)→affect v.影响;effect n.影响 词根记忆 ef(出)+fect(做)→做出来→生 效,效果 affection5 n.①慈爱,爱② (常 pl.)爱慕,钟爱 经典例句 Women need genuine, personal displays of affection. 女士们需要真诚的,发自内心的感情. 词根记忆 affect (感动)+ ion →感 动→感情 effective33 adj.①有效的,生效的②有影响的,给人深刻印象的 经典例句 Poetry is simply the most beautiful, impressive and widely effective mode of saying things, and hence its importance. 诗歌只不过是最美丽,最感人,最有力的说话方式,这也就是诗歌的价值. 词汇辨 析 effective,efficient: effective "有效的",指"能得到所想要的效果",如:a very effective speech; efficient "有效的","效率高的"或"能够胜任的",如:an efficient lawyer 能干的律师 defect n.缺 点,毛病 经典例句 There was a defect in the final product.最终成品仍然有缺点. 词汇辨析 defect,fault: defect 指根本性,本质上的"毛病",但这种毛病往往导致大错; fault 指一般性的" 缺点,过失". 词根记忆 de(坏)+fect(做,制作)→做坏了→缺陷 defectiveadj. (指质量)有缺点的, 欠缺的 经典例句 The most thrilling explanation is, unfortunately, a little defective.很不幸,这最 令人震惊的解释有一点 缺陷. infect v.感染,传染 经典例句 One drop of poison infects the whole tun of wine. 一滴之毒,毒染整桶之酒. 词根记忆 in(进入)+fect(做)→做进去→传染进 去 Age age48 n.①年龄②时代,年代③ (pl.)很长一段时间 vi.(使)变老,(使)成熟 经典例句 At 20 years of age the will reigns; at 30 the wit; at 40 the judgement.20 岁我们按意愿做事;30 岁我 们凭智慧做事;40 岁我们靠判断做事. 记忆方法派生词:aged adj.……岁的,年老的;ag(e)ing n. 变老的过程;ageless adj.永不凋谢的,永不衰老的; ageism n. 年龄歧视 aged adj. 年老的,陈旧 的 经典例句 Learning is wealth to the poor, an honour to the rich, an aid to the young, and a support and comfort to the aged. 学问是穷人的财富,是富人的荣誉,是青年的帮助,是老年的支 持和安慰. teenager n. 青少年(13~19 岁的少年) Agency agency n.①经办,代办②代办处 经 典例句 The Associated Press news agency quoted Mrs Clinton as saying after the 30-minute speech. 美联 社新闻处引用了克林顿夫人在完成 30 分钟的演讲后所说的话. 考点提要 by/through the/one' s agency of 经……介绍;通过…… 词根记忆 ag(代理)+ ency (机构或状态) 代理机构 agent n.代理商,代理人 词根记忆 ag (做,代理做)+ ent (表人或物) 代理做的人 代 理人 Agree agree v.①同意,赞同②持相同意见,一致 经典例句 If you agree to carry the calf, they'll make you carry the cow. 得寸进尺. 考点提要 agree to 赞成提案,计划;agree on (对于事 物)双方意见一致 agree with 接人,表示"赞成"(别人的意见) 接事物,表示"适应" agreement n. ①同意,一致②协定,协议 经典例句 Two sparrows on one ear of corn make an ill agreement. 一 穗两雀争,意见乱纷纷 考点提要 in agreement with 同意,与……一致 arrive at come to an agreement 达成协议 记忆方法①同根词:agreeable adj.欣然同意的②反义词:disagreement 不 同意 词根记忆 a + gree (感激,高兴)+ ment; agree "同意" disagree vi. 有分歧,不同意,不一致 Agriculture agriculture n.①农业②农艺,农学 经典例句 Climate change will play havoc with agriculture and water supplies and will increase diseases.气候变 化对于农业和水供应将是一场 浩劫,还会增加疾病发生率. 词根记忆 agri+ culture(文化,引申为养殖业) 农业 acre n.英亩

经典例句 Times Square - first known as Long Acre Square - has spent the past century under strongly fluctuating fortunes.时代广场最初叫朗埃克广场,它已经在历史的沉浮中走过了一个 世纪. cultivate 5 vt.①耕,耕作②培养,陶冶,结交(朋友) 经典例句 Students' attendance of a boarding school would cultivate their independence as apart from their parents. 离开父母上寄宿 学校将会培养学生的独立性. 记忆方法同根词:cultivationn.耕种,耕作 词根记忆 cult(耕种,培 养)+ ivate(表动词) culture n.①文明,文化②教养,修养 经典例句 Universities should be centres of culture.大学应该是文化的中心. 词根记忆 cult(培养)+ ure 培养出的东西 人类文化 Air air n. ① 空 气 , 大 气 ② ( 加 the) 空 中 , 天 空 ③ 外 观 , 样 子 vt.( 使 ) 通 风 经 典 例 句 Exercise, temperance, fresh air, and needful rest are the best of all physicians. 锻炼,节制,新鲜空 气和必 要的休息是最好的医生. 考点提要 clear the air 消除误会(或猜疑);in the air 在流行中,悬而 未决;off the air 停播;on the air 在播出 中;up the air 悬而未决的 aircraft n.飞机,航空器 经典 例句 The airline has ordered 25 new aircraft.这家航空公司已订购了 25 架新飞机. airplane n. 飞机,又可写作 aeroplane 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 jet 喷气式飞机;bomber 轰炸机;scout 侦察 机;fighter 战斗机 airfield n. 飞机场 airport n.机场,航空站,航空港 airline n.①航空公司②航 班 经典例句 The airline remains grounded, unable to secure airspace permission from the U.S.-led coalition. 航班 仍未起飞,它还没有获得以美国为首的联军批准的空中许可权. airway n. 航线;航空公司(常用 pl.) 经典例句 Iraqi Airways had planned to resume flying this Saturday from Baghdad to Amman.伊拉克航空公司原 计划从周六起恢复巴格达到约旦安曼 的航班. Allow allow40 vt.①允许,准许 ②承认,认为 ③允给,让……得到 经典例句 The Chinese people love peace, and we will not allow any external force to interfere in the process of our peaceful reunification.中国人民爱好和平,绝不允许任何外部势力干扰中国的和平统一进 程. 考点提要 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人干某事;allow for 考虑到 allowance1 n.①津贴,补 贴,零用钱②考虑 考点提要 make allowance(s)for 考虑到,顾及;体谅,原谅 Ally ally n.盟国,同 盟者 alliance n.结(联)盟,联姻 经典例句"Times Square is New York", said Tim Tompkins of the Times Square Alliance, which helps run the square.时代广场联盟的蒂姆汤普金斯说:"时代广场 就是纽约."时代广场联盟负责管理广场事务. 考点提要 enter into alliance with sb.与……结 盟;in alliance with 与……联盟 词根记忆 ally(结盟)+ ance(分词后缀) alliance Alphabet alphabet n.①字母表②符号系统 alphabeticaladj. 按字母表顺序的 alphabeticallyadv. 按字母 表顺序地 Already already adv.早已,已经 经典例句 A man who fears suffering is already suffering from what he fears.害怕痛苦的人其实已经在承受他所 害怕的痛苦了. 词汇辨析 already,yet,all ready: already 一般用在完成时的肯定句;用在疑问句表示"吃惊,意外"之意; yet 用在完成时态的否定句或疑问句中;用在疑问句中,常表达责备的口气(责备); all ready 全部 准备好了. Alter alter vt.改变,改作 经典例句 Circumstances alter cases.具体情况具体分析. 词 根记忆 alter (其他的) 变成〔其他的〕 变更,改变 alternative1 adj.两者挑一的,可供选择的 n. 可供选择的东西,选择物,替换物 考点提要 have no alternative but to do 除……外别无选择 词汇辨析 alternative,choice: alternative 指在两者之间做出选择; choice 指一般意义上的选择 (选择的范围没有确定). Ambulance ambulance n.①救护车②战地医院 经典例句 GNAAS, which needs charitable donations of more than £2m a year, has three air ambulances. 北 部空 中救护服务中心每年需要 200 万英镑的慈善捐款,该中心拥有三架空中救护机. 词根记忆 ambul (行走,走路)+ ance 走的东西 救护车 ambition1 n.雄心,抱负,野心 经典例句 Ambition never dies until there is no way out. 不到黄河心不死. 记忆方法 ambitious adj.有雄心的;有抱 负的 ambitious2 adj. 有雄心的,野心勃勃的 词根记忆 amb(大)+ it (行走) +ious 有雄心的 Amuse amuse2 vt.逗乐,娱乐,消遣 经典例句 Little things amuse little minds. 小人志卑. 记忆 方法派生词:amusement n.娱乐 amusementn. 消遣,娱乐 museum n. 博物馆,展览馆 经典例句

Scientists at the Hunterian museum at the University of Glasgow are still unsure exactly what kind of beasts left the tracks.格拉斯古大学赫特莱恩博物馆的科学家们仍无法确定这是何种野兽所 留下的足迹. Analyse/-yze analyse(-ze) vt.分析,细察,细查 analysis n.分析,分解 经典例句 In the final analysis, China's peace and development as well as the growing prosperity of the 1.3 billion Chinese people are very important contributions to the progress of the humanity. 从最终 分析来看中国和平发展,13 亿中国人不断富裕起来,这本身就是对人类进步事业的最大贡献. 考点提要 on/upon analysis 经分析;to make an analysis of=to analyse 分析;in the final/last analysis 经最后分 析认为…… 词根记忆 ana(错误)+lysis(分开) analysis(分析) analytic(al) adj. 分析的,分解的 经典例句 Chinese is an analytic language which depends on the invariable roots and word order to indicate its grammatical relations.汉语是分析型语言,其语法关系取决于 不变的词根和词序. analytically adv. 以分析的方法(观点) Practice Test 1 1. The writer was so______ in her work that she didn't notice him enter the room. A. absorbed B. abandoned C. focused D. centered 2. The company is trying every means to______ the wholesale price of its products. A. pull down B. put down C. set down D. bring down 3. For professional athletes, _______ to the Olympics means that they have a chance to enter the history books. A. access B. attachment C. appeal D. approach 4. It is a well-known fact that the cat family_______ lions and tigers. A. enriches B. embraces C. adopts D. accommodates 5. The reason why so many children like to eat this new brand of biscuit is that it is particularly sweet and____. A. brisk B. crisp C. feeble D. fragile 6. The subject of safety must be placed at the top of the_______. A. agenda B. bulletin C. routine D. timetable 7. In order to keep the line moving, customers with lengthy ____are required to do their banking inside. A. transit B. transactions C. turnover D. tempos 8. The sign set up by the road______ drivers to a sharp turn. A. alerts B. refreshes C. pleads D. diverts 9. Professor Smith and Professor Brown will _____in presenting the series of lectures on American literature. A. alter B. alternate C. substitute D. exchange 10. The doctors don't_____ that the patient will live much longer. A. monitor B. manifest C. articulate D. anticipate 11. The first sentence in this paragraph is______; it can be interpreted in many ways. A. intricate B. ambiguous C. duplicated D. confused 12. Shoes of this kind are______to slip on wet ground. A. feasible B. appropriate C. apt D. fitting 13. Fortune-tellers are good at marking_______ statements such as "Your sorrows will change." A.philosophical B.invalid C.ambiguous D.literal 14. Although the colonists_______ to some extent with the native Americans, the Indians influence on American culture and language was not extensive. A. migrated B. matched C. mingled D. melted 答案及解 析 1.A 题意:作家专心于写作, 没有注意到他进入房间.本题为词义辨析题.A.absorb 吸收, 正确选项;常用句 型为 be absorbed in sth 专心于……; B.abandon 放弃 ; C.focus 常用句型 为 focus …on …,例如: focus one's attention / thoughts on a matter 集中注意力 / 思想于某 事;D.center 集中,例如:center on a point / person/ thing 集中于某一点,某人,某事; center round a spot 以某地为中心. 2.D 题意: 这家公司想方设法降低产品的批发价格. 本题考查要点是 与 down 连用的动词短语 A.pull down 拆除(房 子),拉下;B.put down 放下, 缩减;C.set down 卸下,记下,制定(规则);D.bring down 降低(物价), 为正 确选项. 3.A 题意:对职业运动 员而言,参加奥运会就意味着有机会被载入史册. 这是一道名词形近词辨析题.A.access 进入, 可与 to 连用, 表示进入某地, 接近某人;B.attachment 附属物, 情感;可与 to 连用,意思与题 意 不符;C.appeal 吸引力, 恳求.做名词时常与 for 连用, appeal 作为动词用时可与 to 连 用;D.approach 方 法, 途径,接近, 通路,可与 to 连用.后三个选项虽可与 to 连用, 但与题意 不符合. 4.B 题意:众所周知,狮子和老虎是猫科动物.动词词义辨析本题的关键是要看懂空格 前的"the cat family"是猫 科的意思,根据常识,狮,虎都是猫科动物,故空格处应是"包括"的意

思,即是 B..也就没有必要考虑其它的 选项了,它们分别是:A.使……丰富;C.收养;D.为……提 供住处. 5.B 题意:这么多孩子喜欢吃这种新牌子的饼干是因为它非常甜,非常脆.综合辨析 根据题意,是说这种饼干 又甜又脆,B."脆的",最为合适.A.与 B.是形近词,二者意思上相差巨 大,A.是"轻快的,活泼的"之意,无法修 饰饼干;D.与 B.是近义词辨析,但 fragile 强调的是"易 碎的",如 The thin glass is fragile.此外,fragile 还有" 虚弱的"意思,与 C.相近,这可能是为什么 把 C.作为干扰项的原因. 6.A 题意:安全的问题必须放在首位.place … at the top of the agenda 可算是一个常用的说法,意思是"将…… 赋予最大的重要性". 7.B 题意: 为了使队伍移动起 来, 一些需要做大量交易的顾客被要求到银行内完成. 这是一道关于名词的辨析题. A.transit 经过,搬运,运输;C.turnover 营业额,翻转;D.tempo (音乐的)速度,拍子,发展速度.三项均不 符 合题意.B.transaction 交易,事物. 8.A 题意:路边的标志是为了提醒司机马上会有一个急转弯. 这是一道关于动词的辨析题.B.refresh 使精神振 作,恢复;C.plead 辩护,恳求;D.divert 转移, 转向.三项均不符合题意.A.alert 警惕,警告. 9.B 题意: 史密斯教授和布朗教授轮流做关于美 国文化系列讲座的演讲. 这是一道关于意义相近的动词的辨析题. A.alter 改变;C.substitute 代替,替换;D.exchange 交换,交流.三项均不符合题意.B.alternate 交替,轮 流. 10.D 题意:医生 觉得这位病人将不久于人世.这是一道关于动词的辨析题.A.monitor 监控;B.manifest 表明, 显示;C.articulate 清晰明白的说.三项均不符合题意.D.anticipate 预期,预见. 11.B 题意: 本段 第 一 句 话 含 糊 不 清 , 可 以 被 解 释 为 多 种 意 思 . ambiguous.a. 含 糊 不 清 的 , 模 棱 两 可 的 . intricate.a. 错综复杂的,难解的;duplicate.a.复制的,完全一样的;confused.a.糊涂的,迷乱的,不清 楚的. 12.C 题意: 这种鞋容易在湿地面上打滑. 近义形容词辨义. apt"易于, 有(做某事的)倾 向", 符合题意. feasible"可 行的,可能的,可用的";appropriate"适当的,恰当的,适宜的;fitting"适 合的,恰当的". 13.C 题意:算命者善于说些像"你的痛苦将要改变"之类的含糊其辞的话.形容 词辨义.A.philosophical 哲学的; B.invalid 无效的,作废的;C.ambiguous 含糊其辞的;D.literal 按照字义的,逐字的.根据题意,C 项正确. 14.C 题意:尽管殖民者在一定程度上和美国当地的 土著居民有所融合,但是印第安人对美国文化和语言的影响 并不大.近义动词辨义.A. migrate 意为:(1)"移动;(短期)移居",(2)(鸟或鱼的)迁徙;B. match 意为:(1)相 等,(发现找到)相等物;(2) 相似,相配;C. mingle 意为"混合,混入",与 with 或 together 连用;D. melt 意为 "使……溶化". 开 心 一 刻 Julie was saying her bedtime prayers. "Please God," she said, "Make Naples the capital of Italy. Make Naples the capital of Italy." Her mother interrupted and said. "Julie, why do you want God to make Naples the capital of Italy?" And Julie replied, "Because that's what I put in my geography exam!" 朱莉叶在做睡前祷告."上帝,求求你,"她说,"让那不勒斯成为意大利的 首都吧." 妈妈打断她的话说:"朱莉叶,为什么求上帝让那不勒斯成为意大利的首都呢?" 朱莉 叶回答道:"因为我在地理考卷上是这样写的." 巧记速记 1-4 级 Word list 2 Ancient ancient adj.古代的,古老的 经典例句 Diamonds were first discovered in India more than 2,800 years ago. The Ancient Romans believed that the stones were splinters of stars that had tumbled to earth.2800 多年前,钻石首先在印度被发现.古代 罗马人相信这种石头是掉到地球上的星星 的 碎 片 . 记 忆 方 法 ancient 古 代 的 → medieval 中 古 时 代 的 → modern 现 代 的 → contemporary 当代的 词根记忆 anci(古老)+ ent 古老的 古代的 ancestor n.①祖宗,祖先②动 物品种的原型 词根记忆〔an = ante(前)〕+〔cest = cess(行走,前进)〕+or 走在前面的人 祖先 Angle angle n.①角,角度②观点,角度 经典例句 He took photographs of the statue from several different angles.他从不同角度给这个雕像拍照. 联想记忆卡片 锐角:acute angle 直角:right angle 钝角:obtuse angle 平角:triangle n. 三角形,三角形物体 联 想 记 忆 卡 片正方 形:square 长方形:rectangle 三角形:triangle 立方形:cube 词根记忆 tri (三)+ angle (角) 三角 形 Angry angry10 adj.愤怒的,生气的 经典例句 He is a fool who cannot be angry,but he is a wise man who will not. 不会发怒是蠢人,不愿发怒是聪 明人. 记忆方法同根词:anger n.愤怒

anger n.怒,愤怒 vt.使发怒 经典例句 Anger is a wind which blows out the lamp of the mind.愤 怒是吹灭心中之灯的风. 记忆方法已知 hungry→hunger; 则知 angry→anger. 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 offend (触怒)→irritate (激怒)→anger (愤怒)→fury (大怒)→rage (暴怒)一句双雕 I could hardly contain my anger, for her rudeness made me really angry. 我怒不可遏,因为她的粗 鲁让我非常生气. Animal animal n.动物,兽 adj.动物的,野兽的 经典例句 Man is a tool-using animal. 人是用器之兽. 词汇辨析 animal,beast,creature: animal 指区别于植物的动物; beast 指较大的四足兽; creature 一切动物的总称. 词根记忆 anim(生命,精神)+ al 有生命的东西 动物 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 deer 鹿;kangaroo 袋鼠;bear 熊;lion 狮子;tiger:老虎;monkey 猴 子;frog 蛙;gull 海鸥;duck 鸭子 Answer answer n.①回答,答复,复信②答案,解决办法 v.①回 答②解答,解决(问题)③(对…)作出反应,响应 经典例句 Don't answer me back, young man!年 轻人,别跟我顶嘴. 记忆方法 answer for 对…负有责任;in answer to 作为对……的回答 swear v. ①郑重表示,发(誓),宣(誓) ②诅咒,咒骂 经典例句 Swearing was invented as a compromise between running away and fighting.诅咒是逃跑和打架之间 的一种折衷 . 考点提 要 swear by 极其信赖 Anxious anxious adj.①焦虑的,担心的②渴望的 经典例句 People here tend to be feeling anxious about their news-not yours.这里的人往往对自己(而不是你)的 消息 感到焦虑. 考点提要 be anxiousabout 担心 for 渴望 anxiety n.①焦虑,挂念②渴望,热望 经 典例句 He caused his parents great anxiety by cycling long distances alone.他独自骑自行车远 行,父母非常 担心. 考点提要作"焦虑"解时,后常跟介词 for 和 about;作"渴望"解时,后常跟 不定式. 词汇辨析 anxiety,care: anxiety 指由于事情不稳定而感到焦虑; care 指心理上的忧 虑. Apology apology n.道歉,谢罪 记忆方法同根词:apologize v.道歉;apologetic adj.歉意的 词 根 记 忆 apo( 离 开 )+logy( 说 话 ) 退 后 一 步 说 道 歉 apologize/-isevi. 认 错 , 道 歉 谢 罪 apologeticadj. 谢罪的,表示歉意的 Appear appear vi.①出现,显露②似乎,看起来 经典例句 What is done by night appears by day. 若要人不知,除非己莫为. appearance n.①出现,露面,出场 ②外貌,外表 经典例句 Appearances are deceitful. 人不可貌相,海水不可斗量. 考点提要 to all appearances 就外表看来,根据观察推断 disappear 5 vi.失踪,消失 经典例句 More seriously, the threat is part of a revival in US inflation—a factor that had more or less disappeared during the past few years' economic slowdown.更为严重的是,这种危险迹象只是美国通货膨胀 死灰复燃 的一部分.在过去几年中,美国经济发展速度放缓,通货膨胀差不多已经消失了. 词汇辨析 disappear,vanish: disappear "消失",强调不能看见,从视野中"消失"; vanish "消失",意义性较强, 指不留痕迹地"消失". 记忆方法反义词:appear 词根记忆 dis(不,消失掉)+appear(出现 不出 现 消 失 ) disappear(消 失 ) apparent1 adj. ① 表 面 的 ,外 观 的 ② 明 显 的 , 清 楚 的 词 汇 辨 析 apparent,clear: apparent 指显而易见的(从外观上看); clear 指在人们心目中很清楚的. 记忆方 法同根词 appear v.①出现,显露②看来好像;apparent adj.①显然的②表面上的;apparently adv. 表面 上,似乎 词根记忆~=ap(to)+par(to appear)+ent(词尾) Applaud applaud vt. ①喝彩,叫好, 鼓掌 ②赞扬,赞成 vi.鼓掌,喝彩 applause1 n. 喝彩,夸奖 经典例句 He sat down amid deafening applause .他在震耳欲聋的掌声中就坐. 词根记忆 ap(一再)+plause(赞扬) 一再赞扬 applause(鼓掌) Apply apply15 vt.①应用,使用②专心;vi.①(for)请求,提出申请②(to)适用 词根 记忆 ap + ply (重叠) 反复做 申请〔做事〕 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 apply v. 使用,应用,请求,申 请;appliance n. 电器;applicable adj. 适用;applicant n. 申请人;applied adj. 应用的;application n. 申请 applicable2 adj.可应用的,适用的 经典例句 The new laws becomes applicable from Monday.新法律从星期一起生效. 考点提要 be applicable to 适用于 applicant n.申请人 经典 例句 As the wages were low, there were few applicants for the job.因为工资低, 没有什么人申 请这份工作. 考点提要 an applicant for sth.……的申请者 application n.①请求,申请,申请表 ②勤奋,努力③应用,运用 经典例句 Knowledge will not be aquired without pain and application.

不花力气,不下功夫是得不到知识的. 记忆方法 application 是 apply 的派生词 Appreciate appreciate10 vt. ① 欣 赏 , 赏 识 ② 感 激 , 对 …… 感 谢 ③ 领 会 , 意 识 到 经 典 例 句 She doesn't appreciate that most artists have to wait longer to have an assistant. 她没有意识到大多数画家需 要等待更长的时间才会有助手帮忙. 词汇辨析 appreciate,enjoy: appreciate 指对事物有深入 了解并能"欣赏"; enjoy 不像 appreciate 那样强调对事物的了解,仅指从中得到快乐. 记忆方 法同根词:appreciation n.评价,鉴赏;appreciative adj.感激的,有眼光的;appreciable adj.可感觉到 的 词根记忆 ap + preci(价值)+ ate 给以价值 评价;欣赏 Approach Approach 22 vt.①接近,靠 近 n.①接近,临近②方法,途径 经典例句 The prisoners rose up against their guards as the US troops approached.当美军逼近集中营时,囚犯 们开始反抗. 考点提要 an approach to… …… 的方法 of… ……的到来 词根记忆~=ap(to)+proach(near) approximate adj.大概的,大约的,近 似的 vi.(to)近似,接近 vt.①近似,接近②估计 经典例句 This is just an approximate figure.这 仅是个大概数字. approximately3 adv.大约,近似 经典例句 The plane will be landing in approximately 15 minutes. 飞机大约十五分钟后着陆. 词汇辨析 about,approximately: about 原意为"在……周围",因而指"大致接近,大约",比较两物之间相差可多可少; approximately 原 意为"最接近地",因而指在数量或质量上"接近正确",比较两物间相差极小. 词根记忆~ =ap(to)+proxim(near)+ately(词尾) 联 想 记 忆 卡 片"大约"的几种表示法: about →more or less →or so→roughly→around→approximatelyArgue argue15 vt.①争论,辩论②坚持认为,主张 ③说明 vi.争论,辩论 经典例句 When guns speak it is too late to argue. 待到炮声响,辩论已莫 及. 记忆方法派生词:argument n.争论,论据 一句双雕 I don't want to argue with you, nor do I quarrel with you. 我既不想和你争辨,也不想和你拌嘴. argument n.①争论,讨论②理由,论点 经典例句 Silence is one of the hardest arguments to refute.沉默是最难反驳的论点之一. Army army n.①军队,陆军②(一)大批,(一)大群 经典例句 Skill and confidence are an unconquered army. 技能和信心是不可克服的军队. 考点提要 an army of 一群 arm n.①手臂,臂状物②(常 pl.)武器,军火 vt.以武器装备,配备 经典例句 All the weapons of war will not arm fear.任何武 器都武装不了恐惧. 考点提要 arm in arm 手挽手 联 想 记 忆 卡 片单数:arm 手臂;mean 意思;common 公地 复数:arms 武器;means 方法;commons 学生公共食堂 disarm vt. 解除武 装;裁军;消除敌意 经典例句 The superpowers are unlikely to disarm completely.超级大国不太 级 可能彻底裁军. alarm n.①惊恐,忧虑②警报③报警器 vt.①使惊恐 ②向……报警 经典例句 An alarming 3.6m injuries were untreated.令人担忧的是还有 360 万伤者没有救治. 词根记 忆~=al(to)+arm(weapons) Arrange arrange15 vt.①整理,布置,排列②筹备,筹划,安排③调整 经 典例句 To our suprise ,the fancy ball that she arranged turned out to be such a failure.出乎意料 的是她安排的 化装舞会这样失败. 词根记忆 ar + range(排列,顺序) 排列起来 安排 arrangement n.安排,准备工作;整理,排列,布置 词根记忆 arrange (排列)+ ment range19 n. ① 排列 ②范围,领域,距离 ③航程,射程 vi. ①排成行列 ②在某范围内变化 ③(山脉等)相连, 连 绵 vt.使排列成行 经典例句 Nestle, a multinational dairy giant, is to expand its product range to reach the low-end ice cream market. 雀巢,跨国乳业巨子,准备扩充它的产品范围,它看 准了低端冰淇淋市场. 考点提要 range from…to… 在……,从……到……内变化 ;range over 射程达到 记忆方法派生词:arrange v. 整理,安排;arrangement n. 整理,安排 Arrive arrive38 vi. ①到达,到来②达成,得出 经典例句 Take time to deliberate; but when the time for action arrives, stop thinking.考虑时不要匆忙;但是一旦 行动的时刻来到,就要停止思考投入行动. 考点提要 arrive at a conclusion 得出结论 arrive at (较小地方)/in (较大地方) 记忆方法反义词:depart v. 离开 词根记忆 ar(一再)+rive(河) 到达河边 arrive(到达) arrival n.①到达,到来②到达者 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 depart v.(出发)→ departure n. arrive v.(到达)→arrival n.Art art n.①艺术,美术 ②技艺,技术③(pl.)人文学科 经典例句 Art is long, life is short. 吾生也有涯而知也无涯. artist

n.艺术家,美术家 经典例句 An artist lives everywhere. 艺人处处可安家. artistic adj.艺术(家) 的,美术(家)的 artificial19 adj.①人工的,人造的②不自然的,假的 词根记忆~=arti(skill)+fil(to make)+al(词尾) Atmosphere atmosphere8 n.①空气,大气②气氛,环境③大气压 sphere n. ①球 体,球形 ②领域,范围 经典例句 It was truly beautiful. It was a perfect sphere and the reflections of light up-on its surface moved with grace as he turned it with his fingers,as if he had captured a small rainbow in his hand.它真的好漂亮,完美 的球形,表面折射出的光泽随着他手指的转动 而优雅地闪烁着,就好像他握在手中的是一段小巧的彩虹. Atom atom n.①原子②微量,微粒 词根记忆 a(不)+ tom (切割) 不能再切割的东西 原子 atomic adj.原子的,原子能的 记忆方 法 atomic energy 原子能,the atomic age 原子时代 Attack attack16 vt.攻击,进攻 n.①(与 on,upon 连用)攻击,进攻②(疾病)发作 经典例句 Twenty-eight months have passed since September 11th, 2001 —— over two years without an attack on American soil.2001 年 9 月 11 日至今已经过去了 28 个月,在这两年多的时间里,美国本土没有遭到 一次袭击. 考点提要 the attack on/upon…对……的攻击;an attack of(+疾病)(疾病的)发作;under attack 在攻击下 attach17 vt. ① (to) 附 上 , 贴 上 ② 使 附 属 , 附 加 ③ 使 依 恋 , 使 喜 爱 记 忆 方 法 tach(=stick 粘 附)→attach 连接,使附属;detach 拆卸,使分开 词根记忆 at(一再)+tach(接触 接触上 附上) attach(附上;依恋) detach vt. 分开,分离,拆卸 词根记忆~=de(oppsite)+tach(to stake) Attend attend39 vt.①出席,参加②照顾,护理 vi.(与 to 连用)①专心于,致力于②照顾 经典例句 After sleepless nights and long hours of backbreaking work, the prisoners were forced outside to attend roll-calls which lasted for hours.在无数不眠之夜和长时间高强度工作之后,囚犯们还被 迫进行几小时的 露天点名. 词汇辨析 join, take part in, attend, enter: join 参加,加入,成 为……的一员; take part in 参与,参加某种活动; attend 出席,参加,定期去(某处); enter 加入, 开始从事;开始参加. 记忆方法派生词:attention 注意力;attendant 佣人 attendant n. 随员,出 席者 adj.伴随的,跟随的 词根记忆 at (加强动作)+ tend (伸展) 伸展出去 出席 attention45 n. ①注意,留心②注意力 经典例句 The secret of a good momory is attention, and attention to a subject depends upon our interest in it. 记忆力好的秘密在于专心,而对于一个问题的专心取决 于对这个问题的兴趣. 考点提要 pay attention to (to 是介词)sth. doing sth.注意 Author author n.①作家,著作家②发起人,创始人 经典例句 Choose an author as you choose a friend. 择书如 择友. authority14 n.①权力,权威②当权者,权威者③(pl.)当局,官方 authoritative adj. 权威的, 可信的,专断的,命令似的 authorize7v. 授权,批准,委任 考点提要 be authorized by usage 约 定俗成;be authorized to do 授权做 记忆方法 author 著作者, ize 动词后缀 authority n. 权力, 权威;authoritative adj. 有权力的,有权威的 Auto auto n. 汽车 automatic adj.自动的,机械的 automobile n.(美)汽车 (缩写为 auto) 经典例句 Detroit is a city famous for automobile manufacturing. 底特律是以汽车制造业闻名的城市. automatevt. 使(工厂,作业等)自动化 Available available14 adj.①可利用的,可得到的②可见到的,随时可来的 词根记忆 avail (强壮) +able prevail 1 vi. ①流行,盛行 ②占优势③取胜 经典例句 In life's earnest battle they only prevail, who daily march onward and never say fail. 在人生的搏斗中, 只有日日前进不甘失败 的人,才能获胜. 考点提要 prevail over 战胜,压倒;prevail on sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某 事;prevail upon 劝说 词根记忆 pre(优先)+ vail (强壮) 比…强大 克服,流行 Convert convert 1 vt.使转变,使转化 经典例句 To convert defeat into victory. 反败为胜. 词根记忆 con(共 同)+vert(转) 共同转 转化 conversion2n. ①转变,转换(后跟 of/from/into/to)②改变信仰 经 典例句 He kicked a penalty goal and two conversions.他一次罚球得分,两次触地后射门得分 . Avoid avoid33 vt.避免,逃避 经典例句 He who avoids temptation avoids the sin. 不受诱惑就免 于罪恶. 词汇辨析 avoid, escape: avoid 避免,防止,回避; escape 逃跑,避开(不愉快的事物). 词根记忆 a + void (空) 空出来 回避 escape 12 v.①逃跑,逃亡②流出 vt.逃避 n.逃跑 经典

例 句 Little thieves are hanged, but great one's escape. 窃钩 者 诛, 窃 国者 侯 . 词 汇辨析 escape,flee: escape "避免,逃避",常用于抽象的情况,如: He escaped punishment; flee 指害怕有 危险而逃避. Back back88 adv.①在后,向后②回原处,恢复原状③以前 n.背,背面,反面 adj.后 面的,背面的,边远的,偏僻的 v.①使后退,使倒转②支持 经典例句 A man can't ride your back unless it is bent.你的腰不弯,别人就不能骑在你的背上. 考点提要 at the back of 在……后 面;back and forth 前后,来回;back down 屈服;back out 放弃;back up 增援,支持;back off 后退, 放弃 background7 n.背景,背景情况 经典例句 China and the United States are far apart geographically and they differ greatly in the level of economic development and a cultural background.中美两国相隔遥远,经济水平和文化背景差异很大. backward adj.①向后的②迟钝 的③相反的 adv.向后,往回 经典例句 He who does not advance falls backward. 不进则退. 词 汇辨析 back, backward, behind: back (向)后面,包括在其中; backward 指朝反方向,倒着; behind 指在后面,但不是其中的部分. Bad bad adj.①坏的,不好的②错误的,邪恶的③腐败的④ 低劣的,拙劣的⑤顽皮的,淘气的 经典例句 Hope is a good breakfast, but a bad supper. 希望是 美味的早点,但又是难咽的晚餐. 考点提要 be bad at = be poor at 拙于……;go bad 变坏了,腐 烂了;go from bad to worse 越来越坏,每况愈 下 记忆方法 bad→worse→worst badly adv.①坏, 差,拙劣②非常,严重地 记忆方法反义词:well worse adj. 更坏的,更糟的,更恶劣的 adv. 更坏, 更糟地 经典例句 Bad excuses are worse than none.狡辩比不辩护还糟. 考点提要 none the worse (for) 没有(因……)受伤害依然如故; wose for wear 破旧不堪, the 筋疲力竭; worse off (经济情况)更不好,更穷困;what's worse 更糟的是 记忆方法 bad/badly 比较级 worse 最高 级 级 worst worst adj. 最坏的,最糟的;adv. 最坏,最糟 经典例句 Hope for the best and prepare for the worst.抱最好的希望,作最坏的准备. Bag bag n.袋;(女子的)手提包,旅行袋 vt.把……装 进袋子 经典例句 Beggars bags are bottomless.乞丐不知足. baggage n.行李,luggage 考点提要 baggage 指聚集一堆的行李,单件行李为 a piece of baggage. handbag n.(女用的)提包 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 bag 的种类: handbag 手提包;carrier bag 购物袋;bumbag 腰包;duffel bag 旅行 袋;suitcase 手提箱 Bake bake vt.烘烤 经典例句 All bread is not baked in one oven. 人心不同, 犹如其面. 词汇辨析 bake, grill, roast: bake 烘烤,焙; grill 烧烤,炙烤; roast 烤炙,烘,烤,焙. 记 忆方法①派生词:baker 面包师;bakery 面包店②近义词:roast 把肉放在火上烤;toast 将做好 的面包烤热 Ball ball n. 球,球状物;舞会;vt. 把……捏成球. 经典例句 He is really on the ball. 他思路真的很敏捷. 联 想 记 忆 卡 片球的种类: football 足球;balloon 气球;basketball 蓝 球;baseball 棒球;volleyball 排球;golf 高尔夫球 balloon n.气球 词根记忆 ball(球)+oon(表名 词) 碎片 basketball n.篮球 经典例句 Don't keep all your eggs in one basketball.勿孤注一掷. baseball n.棒球 词根记忆 base(基础)+ball(球) 建立基础打球 垒球 volleyball n.排球 经典例 句 Have you seen this ballet before?你以前看过这出芭蕾舞剧吗? Bank bank n.①银行,银行办 公处②(河流的)河岸,堤 v.把(钱)存入银行 经典例句 The major banks have announced an increase in interest rates.几家大银行已宣布提高利率. 记忆方法派生词:banker n.银行家; bank note n.钞票;bankrupt v.破产. 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 You can deposit money, go and draw money, even borrow or lend money in the bank.你可 以在银行存款,取款,甚至借款,还款.banker n. 银 行家,银行业者 banking n. 银行业,银行业务 bankrupt adj.破产的 n.破产者 vt.使……破产 经典例句 A company will go bankrupt because of poor management.一家公司因经营管理不善 而破产. 词根记忆 bank(柜台)+ rupt(断裂) 柜台断了 破产了 Bar bar9 n.①棒,条,门闩②酒吧, 小吃店③妨碍,障碍 vt. 阻止,阻拦 考点提要 behind bars 在狱中 barrel n.①桶②枪管 vt.快 速移动 经典例句 One rotten apple spoils the whole barrel. 一只烂苹果烂一萝苹果. barrier2 n. ①栅栏,屏障②障碍,障碍物 经典例句 The barrier was constructed by the East German authorities in 1961, in response to the growing numbers of citizens fleeing into West Berlin. 1961

年,由于逃往西柏林的人数不断增加,当时的东德当局修建了柏林墙作为应对措施. 考点提要 set up barriers between…and 在……之间设障 词根记忆 barr(棒,栏)+ ier 词汇辨析 barrister, solicitor, lawyer: barrister 大律师,出庭律师,有资格出席高等法庭进行辩护的律师; solicitor 事物律师;代拟法律文书,提供法律咨询等一般的辩护律师; lawyer 普通律师(通称). Bare bare7 adj.①裸体的②稀少的,微小的,勉强的 vt.露出,暴露 经典例句 Bare words, no bargain. 空言不能成交易. 记忆方法 bare:裸的(部分);naked:全裸的 barely5 adv.仅仅,勉强,几乎没有 经典例句 Despite being one of the most successful musicals of all time, The Sound of Music is barely known inside Austria. 尽管 《音乐之声》 长期以来一直被公认为最成功的音乐电影之一, 它在奥地利本国却默默无闻. Base base n.①基础,底部②基地,根据地 vt.(与 on,upon 连用) 在……基础上 经典例句 The progress of the society is based on harmony. 社会的进步是以和 谐为基础的. 考点提要 base…on 把……建立在 basis4 n.基础,根据 basic23 adj.基本的,首要 的,基础的 n.(pl.)基本原理,实质性的东西 记忆方法同根词:base n.基础;basically adv.基本地, 根本地;basics n.基础,基本 词根记忆 bas (低下,基础)+ic basically adv.基本上,根本上 Bath bath n.①浴室,浴盆②洗澡 v.给……洗澡 经典例句 No sunshine but bath some shadow. 有明 必有暗. 记忆方法相关词组: public baths 公共浴室; bathroom 浴室; bath mat 浴室用的脚垫; bath towel 浴巾; bathrobe 浴衣;bathtub 浴缸 bathe vt.①给……洗澡②弄湿,冲洗 vi.①洗澡 ②游泳 词汇辨析 bath,bathe: bath 是以清洁身体为目的洗澡,如:bath the child; bathe 意为用 药水处理,浸泡来达到消毒的目的,如:①bathe the eye ②go bathing in the river (注意用 in) Bear bear8 vt.①忍受,容忍②负担,承担③结(果实),生(孩子)n. 熊 经典例句 The bough that bears most, hangs lowest. 枝头结果越多,垂得越低. 考点提要 bear down ①竭尽全力②(on) 压倒,击败;bear on/upon 对……有影响,与……有关;bear out 证实; bear up 撑持下去,振作起 来;bear with 忍受,容忍. born adj.天生的,生来的 经典例句 We are not born for ourselves. 人 生非为己. 考点提要 be born of 出生于,源于 一句双雕 Mary has borne a body who was born blind. 玛丽生了一个先天性失明的孩子. birth n.①出生,出身②起源 经典例句 We should weep for men at their birth and not at their death. 我们应在人降生时流泪,而不该在人死 亡时 哭泣. 考点提要 give birth to … 生产 bearing n.①支撑②忍耐③关系,方面 经典例句 What he said had not much bearing on the problem. 他说的话跟这个问题没有多大关系. 考点提要 have a bearing on 与……有关,对……有影响 Beat beat3 (beat,beaten )vt.①打,打击②打败,战 胜 vi.①打,敲,(风)吹打②(心脏等)跳动 n.①敲击,打②节拍,拍 子 经典例句 He who has a mind to beat a dog will easily find a stick.想要打狗,找棍何愁. 考点提要 beat down ①(太阳等) 强烈地照射下来②使……把价格压低;beat it 跑掉,打开,溜走;beat up 痛 打,狠揍 词汇辨析 beat,hit,strike: beat 指不断地"打,击"; hit 指"击中",强调结果,有时也指"打一下"; strike 常指" 猛地一击",在击的程度上比前两个要强. bat n.球拍 battle2 n.战役,战斗,斗争 vi.作战,斗争 经 典例句 You may have to fight a battle more than once to win it.(Margaret Thatcher)你可能需要 打不止一次的 仗才能最终获胜.——玛格丽特撒切尔 考点提要 batter sb. about 痛打某人 词根记忆 bat(打,击)+ter(常表明连续动作) 连续猛打 Practice Test 2 1. We don't know why so many people in that region like to wear dresses of such ______colors. A. low B. humble C. mild D. dull 2. Actually, information technology can_____the gap between the poor and the rich. A. link B. break C. ally D. bridge 3. In the late seventies, the amount of fixed assets required to produce one vehicle in Japan was______ equivalent to that in the United States. A. rudely B. roughly C. readily D. coarsely 4. Many people believe we are heading for environmental disaster_____we radically change way we live. A. but B. Although C. unless D. lest 5. Deserts and high mountains have always been a_____ to the movement of people from place to place. A. jam B. barrier C. fence D. prevention 6. It is reported that Uruguay understands and_____ China on human rights issues. A.

grants B. changes C. Abandons D. backs 7. The Spanish team, who are not in superb form, will be doing their best next week to_____themselves on tile German team for last year's defeat. A. remedy B. reproach C. revive D. revenge 8. The university has launched a research center to develop new ways of_____ bacteria which have become resistant to drug treatments. A. regulating B. halting C. interrupting D. combating 9. A membership card______ the holder to use the club's facilities for a period of twelve months. A. approves B. authorizesC. rectifies D. endows 10. I told him that I would______ him to act for me while I was away from office. A. authorize B. justify C. rationalize D. identify 11. She had recently left a job and had helped herself to copies of the company's client data, which she intended to_____ in starting her own business. A. dwell on B. base on C. draw upon D. come upon 12. The Prime Minister was followed by five or six______when he got off the plane. A. laymen B. servants C. directors D. attendants 13. Tryon was extremely angry, but cool-headed enough to_____storming into the boss's office. A.avoid B.prohibit C.turn D.prevent 答案及解析 1.D 题意:我们不清楚为什么那个地区的那么多人都 喜欢穿颜色如此暗淡的裙子.本题是词义辨析题.A.low 低 的,粗俗的;B.humble 卑下的,谦逊 的;C.mild 温和的, 均无法与中心词 color 构成贴切的修饰关系.D.dull (color) 暗淡的(颜色), 符合题意. 2.D 题意:实际上信息技术能够缩小贫富差距.本题为动词词义辨析题,考察动宾搭 配. bridge the gap 弥合差 距, 其它三词的意思分别为 A.link 连接;B.break 打破;C.ally 结 盟, 均与题意不符. 3.B 题意:七十年代末期,日本生产一辆汽车所需的固定资产额与美国大 致相等.本题是副词辨析题. 题干中 assets(pl.)的意思是"资产"; equivalent 相当的, 相等的.正 确选项为 B.roughly 概略地;.另外三项 A.rudely 粗暴地;C.readily 乐意地, 欣然;D.coarsely 质地粗糙地,粗俗地. 4.C 题意:许多人认为如果我们不从根本上改变生活方式, 就会导致环 境的彻底恶化. 这是一道连词辨析题. C.unless 除非;为正确选项.A.but 但是;B.although 虽 然,尽管;D.lest 以免,这三项与题意不符. 5.B 题意: 荒漠与高山一直是人们迁徙的障碍. 本 题是近义词辨析题, 四个选项词均为名词, 意思分别为:A. jam 堵塞(物);B. barrier 障碍 (物);C. fence 栅栏,围墙;D. prevention 阻止. 6.D 题意: 据报道, 乌拉圭理解和支持中国的人 权问题. D.back"支持; 作为……的背景或衬里"; A.grant"假定……; (姑且)承认; 准许; 赐予; 授予特权; 勉强承认"; B.change "兑换; 改变; 交换; 更换; 放置一边"; C.abandon"离 弃;放 弃;使屈从;委托". 7.D 题意:西班牙队尽管不在最佳状态,但是这个礼拜将会竭尽全力来一雪 去年战败德国队的耻辱.这也是一道 词意辨析题.A .remedy 治疗,补偿,修补;B.reproach 责 备 ;C.revive 苏 醒 , 复 活 , 都 不 符 合 题 意 . 只 有 D.revenge " 复 仇 , 报 仇 ",revenge oneself on somebody 表示"为自己向某人报仇"之意,是固定搭配. 8.D 题意:大学里成立了一个研究中心 来开发一种对抗细菌的新方法,这种细菌能对药物治疗产生免疫.combat "跟…战斗;反对 ";A.regulate"管理;调整;使有规则";B.halt"立定,站住;停止前进;停止";C. interrupt"中 断;遮断; 阻 碍 ; 打 断 ; 打 扰 ". 9.B 题 意 : 持 有 会 员 卡 的 人 被 授 权 在 一 年 之 内 使 用 俱 乐 部 的 设 备.authorize.vt.授权,批准.approve.v.赞成,批 准,通过;rectify.vt.纠正,修复;endow.vt.(with)给予, 赋予,资助,endow…with 常指神,自然界"赋予"人(才 干,能力等). 10.A 题意:我告诉过他我将 授 权 他 在 我 不 在 的 时 候 行 使 我 的 职 权 .authorize 授 权 , 批 准 ;justify 证 明 …… 是 正 当 的;rationalize 合理化;identify 识别, 鉴别, 把……和……看成一样 11.C 题意:她辞职了,但 复制了原公司的客户数据,并打算靠此开始自己的生意.题干的意思是:她辞职了, 但复制了 (原)公司的客户数据,并打算用此开始自己的生意.因此应选择 C."利用; 凭, 靠";A.表示"思 考",不 通;B.乍看似乎有道理,但与 C 相比,就差了一些;D.是"偶然发现或遇到"的意思,是一 个没有意义的干扰项. 12.D 题意:总理带着五,六个随从下了飞机.名词释义.layman"门外汉, 外行";servant"仆人";director"指导 者,主管;董事;导演";attendant"服务人员,侍者,随从". 13.A 题意: Tryon 虽然十分生气, 但还算头脑冷静, 没有冲进老板的办公室. cool-headed"头脑冷

静的", avoid"避 免, 预防, 避开", 还可以表示"没有干……", 该词后跟动名词作宾语, 而不 可跟不定式, 故答案选 A; prohibit"禁 止,不准";prevent"预防,防止"均不符合题意,turn 与题 意无关. 巧记速记 1-4 级 Word list 3 Beautiful beautiful adj.①美的,美丽的②出色的,完美的 词汇辨析 beautiful,pretty,handsome,good looking,attractive beautiful 在描写一个人的外貌"漂 亮"时,表达的程度要比其他四个词都强; beautiful,pretty 常用于描写女性,小孩或事物,不常用 于男性; handsome 常用于男性,当它用来描写女性时,表示的是一种健康,强壮的"美"; good looking 强调外貌的美,描写的是人,不常用于物; attractive 强调风度,气质等"吸引人的",可描 写人和事物. beauty n. 美丽;美人 经典例句 The love of beauty is an essential part of all healthy human nature. 爱美是所有健康人天性中的一个 重要部分. Because because conj. 因 为(后接从句) 经典例句 The sky is not less blue because the blind man does not see it. 天不会 因瞎子看不见而减其蓝色. 考点提要 because of +短语:译为"因为" cause56 n.①原因,理由② 事业,奋斗目标 vt.使发生,引起 经典例句 A common danger causes common action. 同仇敌忾. 词汇辨析 cause,reason,excuse: cause 指自然性的原因; reason 指理论上的理由; excuse 借口, 不是真正的理由. accuse vt.①指责,指控②归咎于 经典例句 He was accused of many marital infidelities, most famously with White House intern Monica Lewinsky.他多次被控对婚姻不忠, 其中最有名的是和白宫实习生莫尼卡莱温斯基. 词汇辨析 accuse, charge, blame: accuse 控 告;控诉 charge 指控,指责,刑事指控 blame 指责,责怪 记忆方法 accusation n. 谴责,指控 excuse12 vt.①宽恕,原谅②免除,免去 n.借口,理由 经典例句 A wilful fault has no excuse and deserves no pardon. 不能宽恕故意犯下的错误. 考点提要 excuse sb. for doing 原谅(某人) 词 汇辨析 excuse,pardon,forgive: excuse "原谅",语气较轻,一般指小小的过失,pardon "原谅,宽恕", 指宽恕的意思较严肃,如赦免罪犯等, 如:Their mistakes shouldn' t be pardoned; forgive "原谅", 强调个人情感的色彩,如:She forgave him for breaking his promise. Before before prep. (时间/顺 序/位置在……之前) 经典例句 Be just before you are generous. 要慷慨必先求公正. 一句双 雕 An hour ago I called my cousin, but my aunt told me she had left for America two days before. 一个小 时前我给表姐打电话,阿姨告诉我她两天前去美国了. fore adj. 在前部(的) 记忆方法 fore 比较级 former 最高级 foremost forecast vt.& n. 预测,预报 经典例句 But economists 级 级 forecast a rebound this summer, as the effects of strong growth filter through to prices.但是随着 高速增长的影响渗透到商品价格,经济学家们预测,通货膨胀今夏会有反弹. forehead n.额,前 额 经典例句 Every one's faults are not written in their foreheads. 知人知面不知心. 词根记忆 fore(前面,预先)+head(头) forehead(前额) foremost1adj. 首要的,最重要的 记忆方法 first and foremost 首要的是,首先 former 6 adj.先前的,以前的 经典例句 There are only two powers in the world, the sword and the pen; and in the end the former is always conquered by the latter. 世 界上只有两种力量:刀和笔;而其结果,后者总是战胜前者. 考点提要 the former…the latter… 前者……后者 forwardadj. 向前的,前进的;vt. 转送,发送 经典例句 We look forward to the dawn of better days.我们期待好日子的来临. Beg beg v.乞求,乞讨 经典例句 It is futile for a handful of people to beg foreign forces to interfere with Hong Kong's affairs.个别人乞 求外国势 力来干预香港事务是徒劳的. 考点提要 beg sb. for 向某人要…… beggar n.①乞丐,穷人②家 伙 vt.使贫穷 Begin begin43 vi.开始(多与 with,on,at 连用) 经典例句 A road of a thousand miles begins with one step. 千里之行始于足下. 考点提要 begin with 开始;to begin with=first of all 首先 beginner n. 初学者 beginning n.开始,着手 经典例句 Beware beginnings. 慎始为 上. 考点提要 from beginning to end 自始至终;at the beginning of 在……开始;from the beginning 从开始 记忆方法反义词:end 结束 end 44 n.①最后部分,末尾②端,梢,尽头③终止, 结局④结果,目的,目标 v.结束,终止 考点提要 end in 以……结束;end up 最后成为/处于;in the end 最后,结果;no end 非常,极其;on end 连 续地 ending n.结局,结尾,终结 经典例句

Love is sweet in the beginning but sour in the ending. 爱情始甜而终苦. endless 4 adj.无止境的, 没完没了的 Behind behind prep.①在……后面②落后于 adv.在后,背后 经典例句 He is a good friend that speaks well of us behind our backs. 背后说人好话的够朋友. 考点提要 behind one's back 在……背后,暗中;leave behind 留下,忘掉 Believe believe69 vt.①相信②认为 vi.信 任 经典例句 Those who believe money can do everything are frequently prepared to do everything for money. 相 信金钱万能的人,往往会一切为了金钱. 考点提要 believe in 相信 某人的人格,信誉;believe sb. 相信某人的话;make believe 假装,装作 记忆方法 believable adj. 可信的; believer n. 信徒 belief n.①信任,相同②信念,信仰 考点提要 beyond belief 难以置信 词汇辨析 believe, believe in: believe 相信;认为真实; believe in 依赖,信任;认为某事对. Below below prep.在……以下,在……下面 adv.在下面,向下 经典例句 He who would search for pearls must dive below. 欲求珍珠,必潜水底. 考点提要 below one' s eyes 在某人的眼皮底 下 词根记忆 be(使……成为)+low(低) below(在下面) low adj.①低,矮 ②低级的,下层的,卑贱 级 的 ③低声的 adv.①低②低声地③卑微地 n.低点,低水平 经典例句 Try to look unimportant because bad guys may be low on ammo.他会先打最重要的人. 考点提要 speak in a low voice 低声说 记忆方法 low 比较级 lower 最高级 lowest lower vt. 放下,放低,降低 经典例句 级 级 The higher standing, the lower fall. 爬得越高,摔得越狠. 考点提要 lower one's voice 放低声音 Beneath beneath prep.①在……下面②有失……身份 adv.在下方,在底下 经典例句 Flipping burgers is not beneath your dignity. 卖 汉 堡 包 并 不 会 有 损 于 你 的 尊 严 . 词 汇 辨 析 beneath,underneath,under,below: beneath 意为"在……下方"时,意义上相当于 under,但指两个 物体(位置)相距较远; underneath 与 under 可互换,但常强调"覆盖,隐藏,接触"的意义; under 表某事物直接位于另一事物的下方; below 地方或位置在……的下面;数量,水平在……之下. 词根记忆 be(使……成为)+neath(下面) beneath(在下面) underneath adv.& prep. 在……下面, 在……之下,在下位,向下面;n.下部,底部 Benefit benefit27 vt.有益于 vi.受益于 n.利益,好处, 恩惠 经典例句 Pride hurts, modesty benefits. 满招损,谦受益. 词根记忆 bene(善,好)+fit(做) 做事后的好处 benefit(好处,利益) beneficial5 adj.(与 to 连用)有益的,有利的,有助的 词根记 忆~=bene(well)+fic(to fill)+ial(词尾) Bible Bible n.①圣经②有权威的书 Bicycle bicycle n.自 行车,脚踏车 vi.骑自行车(也写作 bike) 经典例句 Using bicycle contributes greatly to people's physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams. 使用自行 车有助于人们的身体健康,并极大地缓 解了交通阻塞. 词根记忆 bi(二个)+cycle(圆,环) 二个轮子 cycle 21 n.①自行车②周期,循环 vi.①骑自行车②循环 recyclevt.(废品)回收利用,重新利用 经典例句 Millions of pounds of paper are discarded or burned daily rather than saved for recycling.每天都有数 百万镑的纸张被 扔下或烧掉而不是留着再次使用. 词根记忆 re(再)+cycle 再转圈 回收 Biology biology n.生 物学 词根记忆 bio(生命,生物)+ology 生命学科 生物学 Bit bit n.一点,一些 经典例句 A bit in the morning is better than nothing all day.略有胜于全无. 考点提要 a bit 多少,有点儿,相 当;bit by bit 一点一点地;do one's bit 做自己分内的事;every bit 从头到尾, 完全 bite2 vt.① 叮,咬②刺穿,刺痛 n.叮,咬 经典例句 Once bit, twice shy. 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕草绳. 词汇辨析 bite,sting,gnaw,nip,chew: bite 蚊虫的"叮咬"; sting 刺,指蚊虫类用锋利的器官"叮咬"; gnaw 不 断地咬,啃; nip 咬住,夹住,掐住,捏住; chew 嚼碎. biting adj. 刺痛的,辛辣的 bitter adj.①痛苦 的,辛酸的②苦的③严寒的,刺骨的 经典例句 Bitter pills may have blessed effects. 良药苦口 利于病. 联 想 记 忆 卡 片酸 sour;甜 sweet;苦 bitter;辣 hot;咸 saltybait n. 鱼饵,诱饵,引 诱物 经典例句 It is a silly fish, that is caught twice with the same bait. 蠢人才吃两次亏. Blackboard blackboardn. 黑板 board vt.①上,搭(船,车) ②投宿,寄宿 vi 登机,上船 n.①板,木 板②船舷③委员会,董事会④伙食 经典例句 Students attend a boarding school would cultivate their independence as apart from their parents. 离 开父母上寄宿学校的学生将会培养他们的

独立性. 考点提要 on board 在船(车,机)上;across the board 包括一切地,全面地;above board 光明正大的,公开 的;board up 用木板封闭;sweep the board (轻易地)大获全胜 记忆方法 boarding house 寓所;boarding school 寄宿学校;boarder 寄宿者 aboard adv.在船(飞机,车)上, 上船(飞机,车) prep. ①在(船,飞机,车)上②上(船,飞机,车) 词汇辨析 aboard, abroad: aboard 在(船,飞机,火车等)上 abroad 在国外;到国外 记忆方法 a 前缀, 表示"在, 到"(on,to); board 意为"木板, 甲板"; 前缀 a 与名词一起构成副词或介词. aboard=on board,在(到)车(船,机)上 cupboard n. 碗 柜 , 食 橱 记 忆 方 法 构 词 法 记 忆 :cup( 杯 子 )+board( 木 板 )→cupboard( 碗 柜 ) keyboard n.键盘 border1 n.①边缘,界线②边界,国界 vt.①给……加上边,围②邻接,毗连 vi.(与 on,upon 连接)与……交界, 搭界 经典例句 The height of the mountain, which lies on the border between China and Nepal, has long been a subject of controversy. 珠穆朗玛峰位于中 国和尼泊尔边界,它的海拔高度历来是有争议的话题. Blanket blanket n.毛毯,毯子 词根记忆 blank(白)+et 白色〔织物〕 毯子 blank2 adj.①空白的,空着的②茫然的 n.空白,空白表格 经 典例句 Marriage is a lottery with more blanks than prizes. 结婚如同摸彩票,空票多而中票少. 考点提要 a blank page 空白的一页;a blank expression 茫然的表情 一句双雕 She looked blank and wrote on a blank paper. 她显得很迷茫,在白纸上写着什么. Blind blind adj.①瞎的,盲 的②盲目的,视而不见的 v.①使失明 ②遮暗,使失色 n.百叶窗,遮蔽物 经典例句 Scientists have shown that there is a degree of truth in the old adage that love is blind.科学家们证明, 那句 古老的格言"爱是盲目的"有一定的道理. 考点提要 go blind 失明;be blind to 视而不见 记忆 方法 blind 瞎;deaf 聋;dumb 哑 blend v.使混合 n.混合物,混成品 经典例句 Oil and water do not blend.油与水不能混合. 考点提要 blend (in) with/into 与……融合在一起 词汇辨析 blend, mix: blend 使混合,掺和,融合 mix 使混合;调配;配制 Blood blood n.①血液,血②血统, 血亲 经典例句 Blood is thicker than water. 血浓于水. bloody adj.①血染的②流血的 adv.特, 非常 vt.使血染 经典例句 His clothes were torn and bloody.他的衣服撕破了并染有血迹. bleed (bled,bled)vi.流血,出血 记忆方法相关词:blood n.鲜血;bloody adj.血腥的 Blow blow (blew blown )vi.①吹②吹动,吹响③爆炸(轮胎等),烧断 n.吹,吹打,打击 经典例句 It's about time some one blew the whistle on his dishonest practices.是该有人出来揭露他的欺诈行为 的 时候了. 考点提要 blow off 吹掉;blow out 吹熄;blow up 爆炸,炸毁;a heavy blow 强风;come to blows 开始互相 殴打 Body body n.①身体,躯体②躯干,主体③尸体④物体⑤(视作整体的) 一群,一批 经典例句 Wisdom is to the mind what health is to the body. 知识之于精神,一如健 康之于肉体. 联 想 记 忆 卡 片身体的部位 forehead 额头;eyebrow 眉毛;cheek 脸颊;lips 嘴唇;chin 下巴;bust (女子的)胸部;neck 脖子;shoulder 肩;arm 胳膊;hip 臀;wrist 手腕;hand 手;finger 手指;thumb 大拇指;knee 膝盖;elbow 肘;waist 腰 部;thigh 大腿;arkle 脚踝;bottom 臀部;toe 脚趾;foot 脚;heel 脚后跟 anybody pron.①任何人②随便 哪一个人 经典例句 Envy is a most terrible thing, and would spoil any body's nature. 嫉妒是很可怕的东西,它会毁坏 人 的天性. nobody pron.①没有人,谁也不 ②小人物 经典例句 Never try to prove what nobody doubts.此地无银三百两. somebody pron. ①某人,一个人(通常指没有提到过的或是不 知 姓 名 的 人 , 较 通 俗 , 多用 于 口 语 ) ② 重 要 人 物 , 有 分 量 的 人 经 典 例 句 Never believe somebody on his bare word. 人言无据,切勿轻信. 词汇辨析 somebody,some one, someone: somebody 通常指没有提到的或不知名的人; some one 某人,某事(必须与 of 短语连用,指其 中的人或物之一); someone 某人,一个人,有人(与 somebody 基本相同,只能用来代替人,没有 独立意义). 一句双雕 Somebody should have told me, but actually nobody . 应该有人告诉我 才是,可事实上没人(告诉我). Boil boil vi. 沸腾 vt.煮沸,煮 经典例句 To a boiling pot flies come not. 苍蝇不叮沸水壶. 考点提要 boil down to 意味着,归结为;boil over 激动,发怒 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 boiled 煮的,煮熟的;boil 煮;fry 炸;steam 蒸;stew 炖 boiler n.锅炉 Book

book n.书,书籍 vt.预定(车票,房间) 经典例句 Use a book as a bee does flowers. 读书如蜜蜂 采花,吸取其中之精华. 考点提要 book in 为……预定,为……办理登记手续;by the book 按 规则,依照惯例 记忆方法 bookshelf 书柜;bookworm 书虫;bookmark 书签;bookish 书生气 的 handbook n. 手册,指南 经典例句 By then he first formed the idea of collecting the information of all the bus routes in Beijing and compiling it into a handbook for the public use. 从 那时起他萌生了这种想法:把北京所有的公交线路都收集到一起,编成一本册子为大家服务. notebook n. 笔记 笔记本 经典例句 A series of notebooks containing the seeds of ideas for his original stories fetched £139,650. 一套记录他原创小说构思萌芽的笔记 笔记本以 139,650 英镑 笔记 的价格售出. Bow bow n.①鞠躬,低头②弓 ③蝴蝶结 vt.①低下(头),欠(身)②压弯,使俯下 vi. 鞠躬,低头 经典例句 A bow long bent grows weak. 常拉满弓无力. elbow n.肘,肘状物 经典例 句 Elbow grease gives the best polish. 只要功夫深,铁杵磨成针. 记忆方法与身体有关的 词:knee 膝;ankle 脚踝;wrist 手腕 rainbow n. 虹,彩虹 经典例句 Three things soon pass away: the echo of the woods, the rainbow, and woman's beauty. 三样东西最易消逝:树林的回响, 彩虹 和妇女的美貌. Brace brace n. 支柱,支架 vt. 拉紧,支住 embrace 1 vt.①拥抱,抱②包含,包括 经典例句 He who refuses to embrace a unique opportunity loses the prize as surely as if he had failed(William James). 拒绝接受难得机会的人失去了可贵的东西,可以肯定他会失败.——威 廉詹姆斯 词汇辨析 embrace,comprise,contain,compose,consist: embrace 与 include 同义,即" 包括"; comprise "包含,由……构成",谓语用复数;contain "包含,容纳",它的宾语只是整体的一 部分,如:The book contains five photos; compose "构成",表示许多部分构成一个整体,一般用被 动; consist 与 compose 同义,但不用被动,即 consist of = be composed of,如:Water is composed of (= consists of) hydrogen and oxygen. 词根记忆 em(进入)+brace(两臂) 进入两臂 拥抱 Break break45 v.①打破,打断②损坏,破坏③使中断④打破纪录 vi.①破碎,断裂②(天)破 晓③(天气)转晴 n.①休息② 中止,停顿 经典例句 If it were not for hope, the heart would break.人若无希望,心碎肝肠断 考点提要 break away 逃脱,逃离;放弃;break down ①损坏② (健康等)垮掉,崩溃;break in ①非法闯入② 打断,插嘴;break into ①非法闯入,强行进入②强 行……起来;break off 中断,突然停止;break out ①爆 发,突然出现②逃脱,逃走;break through ①突围,冲破②取得突破性成就;break up ①打碎,粉碎②散开, 驱散③分离,断绝关系 词汇辨 析 break, smash, crack: break (使)破,裂,碎 smash 打碎;打破 crack 破裂,断裂,破开 brake n. 闸,制动器 v.制动,刹车 Breath breath n.①呼吸,气息②气味,香气③微风,(空气的)轻微流动 经 典例句 Keep your breath to cool your porridge. 少管闲事. 考点提要 take a deep breath 深呼 吸;be out of breath 气喘吁吁;hold one' s breath 屏住呼吸;catch one's breath 气喘,喘息 breathe v.吸入,呼吸 经典例句 While we breathe, there is hope. 只要活着,就有希望. 联 想 记 忆 卡 片 n. ~th→v.~the breath n.→breathe v.;bath n.→bathe v.;cloth n.→clothe v.Brief brief8 adj.简短 的,简洁的 v.向……作简介,节录 n.摘要,概要 经典例句 Anger is a brief madness.愤怒是短暂 的疯狂. 考点提要 in brief = in short 简而言之 词汇辨析 in brief, in short: in brief 着重讲话 重点突出,简明扼要; in short 着重在叙述完之后的总结,相当于"总之". 记忆方法 briefcase 文件包;briefly 简单地;brevity 简短 Bring bring60 vt.①带来,拿来②引起,导致③促使 经典例 句 Bring up a raven and he'll pick out your eyes. 养虎贻患. 考点提要 bring about = lead to 导 致;bring oneself to do 想做……;bring up = raise 养育;bring down 打倒, 降低(价格);bring forth = produce 产生;bring to 使恢复知觉;bring out 公布,出版;bring forward 提出; bring around/round 使恢复知觉;说服 词汇辨析 bring, fetch: bring "带来",与"take"相反; fetch"去拿 来",与 get 意义相近. upbringing n. 养育,教育 一句双雕 I was brought up by my grandma and had a strict upbringing. 我是由祖母抚养大的,祖母对我的教育很严格. Broad broad adj.①宽的, 广阔的②宽容的,豁达的 ③明亮的,明白的,公开的 经典例句 Fame like a river is narrowest at

its source and broadest afar off. 名誉像条河,源头最狭窄,远处最 宽阔. 词汇辨析 broad, wide: broad 宽阔的,广阔的,不具体的; wide 宽的,宽度为……的. 记忆方法同根词:broadness 宽度, 幅度;broaden 扩宽 broadcast1 n.广播,播音 vt.广播,传播 经典例句 Mexico's most popular nightly news broadcast showed the video on the night of May 10.5 月 10 日晚, 墨西哥最受欢 迎的晚间新闻节目中播出了拍摄到的录像. 记忆方法 broadcasting station 广播电台 broaden v. 放宽,变阔 abroad adv.①在国外,在海外②到处,广泛,在四下流传 经典例句 A lion at home, a mouse abroad. 在家凶如狮,在外怯如鼠. 考点提要 go abroad 出国;get abroad(新闻,消息等) 四下流传 Build build69 vt.①建筑,建造②建立,创立 vi.向顶点发展,增长 n.体型,体格(built ) 经典例句 It takes twenty years to build a reputation and five minutes to ruin it. 花二十年建立起 来的声誉可以在 五分钟之内完全摧毁. 考点提要 build up 扩大,增进 building n. 建筑物,房 屋,建筑 经典例句 No good building without a good foundation. 基础不良的好建筑物是没有 的. rebuild vt. 重建,改建 Burn burn (burnt )v.①燃烧,点燃②烧毁,烧掉 n.烧伤,灼伤 经典例句 You cannot burn the candle at both ends. 蜡烛不能两头点. 考点提要 be burnt out 被火烧 光;burn down 烧毁;burn up ①烧掉,烧毁②烧起来,旺起来 burnern. 烧……的人;炉子,燃烧器 sunburnn. 日炙,晒黑,晒斑 Busy busy adj.忙的,繁忙的 经典例句 Let the hands get busy, not the mouth. 手要勤劳,嘴莫多说. 考点提要 be busy at (with) = be busy doing 忙于做某事 business94 n.①商业,生意②事务,职责③职业 经典例句 Love and business teach eloquence. 爱情和买卖可以培养口才. 考点提要 get down to business 认真着手办事;go out of business 歇业;have no business 无权,没有理由; in business 经商,经营;mind your own business 管好你 自己的事,少管闲事;on business 因公,因事; mean business 认真办事 Cabin cabin n.①简陋的 小屋②船舱,机舱 cabinet2 n.①内阁,内阁会议②(带玻璃门,用来存放或存列物品的)橱柜 经 典例句 Members of the cabinet are chosen by the Prime Minister.内阁阁员是由首相挑选的. Calculate calculate2 vt.①计算②估计,推测,预料③计划,打算 词汇辨析 calculate,count,number: calculate 指 较 复 杂 的 计 算 ; count 数 , 一 个 一 个 地 数 ; number 数 , 一 般 用 语 . 记 忆 方 法 calculator 计 算 器 ;calculation 精 打 细 算 ;calculated 计 算 的 , 有 计 划 的 词 根 记 忆 calc( 石 头)+ulate 数石头 计算 calculator n.计算器 calculation n. 计算,盘算,估计,推测 Call call84 v. ①称为,称呼②叫,喊③打电话给……④召集 n.①呼叫,号召②访问,拜访③电话 经典例句 Time past cannot be called back again. 光阴一去不复返. 考点提要 call at 访问某地; on 访问 某人; back ①再来②回电话; for ①要求②需要; off = cancel call call call call 取消;call on sb. to do 请求某人做;so-called adj. 所谓的,号称的 一句双雕 You call up Tom and tell him the meeting was called off. 你打电话告诉汤姆会议取消了. recall 10 v. ①记起,回忆,回想 ②召回, 撤销,收回 经典例句 A word spoken is past recalling.一言既出,驷马难追. 词根记忆 re(向后, 相反,不)+call(喊;想) recall(回想) so-called adj. (常作贬义)所谓的,号称的 Camp camp n.野营, 营地 vi.露 营,宿营 campaign4 n.①战 役②运动 vi. 参加运动 ,竞选 词根记忆 camp(田 野)+aign(名词后缀) 营地 战役 campus8 n.大学校园,学校场地 经典例句 This is the first time in my two years here that I have seen so little studying on campus.这是我在大学 两年来第 一次看到校园里的学习如此轻松. champion n.得胜者,冠军 v.碰上了,偶然发生 经典例句 You become a champion by fighting one more round.When things are tough,you fight one more round.(James Corbett) 再多坚持一轮你就能成为冠军.当情况十分困难时,再多坚持一轮.—— 詹姆斯科贝特 Canal canal n.运河,沟渠 channel5 n.①海峡,水道,沟渠②渠道,途径③电视频道 Candle candle n.蜡烛 经典例句 No one can hold a candle to him when it comes to playing the guitar.说到弹吉它,谁也比不上他. 记忆方法 candle light 烛光;candlestick 烛台 词根记忆~ =cand(white)+le(词尾) kindle v. 点燃,燃烧 经典例句 A little wind kindles, much puts out the fire. 适可而止,过犹不及. 词汇辨析 kindle, light, ignite: kindle 指花大力气把某物点燃并使

之燃烧; light 指有目的的点火,通常是为了照亮或取暖; ignite 指用一点火苗就能使某物燃烧 起来,通常指使易燃物燃烧. candidate n.候选人,报考人 经典例句 What's the big question US presidential candidates should be asking themselves? 美国总统候选人 应该问自己的最重要的 问题是什么呢? 词根记忆 cand (白)+id + ate 白色的人 古希腊穿白袍候选 候选人 Candy candy n.糖果 考点提要 like taking candy from a baby 形容某事易如反掌 记忆方法 sweets 糖果;sugar 食糖 Capable capable19 adj.能干的,有能力的 经典例句 To be what we are,and to become what we are capable of becoming,is the only end of life.(Robert Louis Stevenson) 做我 们自己和做到我们能够做到的事情是生活的惟一目标.——罗伯特路易斯史蒂文森 词汇辨 析 capable, able: capable 既可表示褒义,也可表示贬义,表示的能力没有 able 强后接 of; able 只表示褒义;后接不定式. 词根记忆~=cap(to take)+able(词尾) capability n. 能力,才能 capacity11 n.①能力,智能②容量,容积③身份,职位 经典例句 Strength does not come from physical capacity.It comes from indomitable will.(Jawharlal Nehrn)力量 并不来源于体力,而来 自于不屈不挠的意志. ——尼赫鲁 词汇辨析 capacity,ability: capacity 指人接受,容纳,吸收, 理解方面的能力,亦可表示无生命的事物的承受,容纳,装载能力; ability 则一般指人办事等实 际应用上的能力,或智力和体力方面的才能或本领. 词根记忆 cap(拿抓,握住)+acity 拿住的 能力 容量;才能 incapable adj. 无能力的,不会的 Practice Test 3 1. The mayor______the police officer a medal of honor for his heroic deed in rescuing the earthquake victims. A. rewarded B. awarded C. credited D. prized 2. The native Canadians lived in____ with nature, for they respected nature as a provider of life. A. coordination B. acquaintance C. contact D. harmony 3. Mass advertising helped to _______ the emphasis from the production of goods to their consumption. A. varyB. shift C. layD. moderate 4. I know you've got a smooth tongue, so don't talk me_____buying it. A. away B. down C. out D. into 5. We don't _______any difficulties in completing the project so long as we keep within our budget. A. foresee B. fabricate C. infer D. inhibit 6. Modern forms of transportation and communication have done much to____ the isolation of life in Alaska. A. break down B. break into C. break out D. break through 7. Could you take a sheet of______ paper and write your name at the top? A. bare B. vacant C. hollow D. blank 8. I found it difficult to____ my career ambitions with the need to bring up my children. A. consolidate B. amendC. reconcile D .intensify 9.While a full understanding of what causes the disease may be several years away,____ leading to a successful treatment could come much sooner. A. a distinction B. a breakthrough C. an identification D. an interpretation 10. The fire was finally brought under control, but not_____ extensive damage had been caused. A. after B. before C. since D. as 11. Eye contact is important because wrong contact may create a communication________. A.barrierB.tragedyC.vacuumD.question 12. There is supposed to be a safety_____ which makes it impossible for trains to collide. A. appliance B. accessory C. machine D. mechanism 答案及解析 1.B 题意:他由于营救地震遇难者的英雄壮举而获得市长授予的 荣誉勋章.本题是形近词辨析题.要在 A.reward "酬劳,奖赏"和 B.award"授予"之间进行辨析, 由于宾语是荣誉勋章(medal of honor),所以只能选 B.award(授 予).常用句型为:award sb something / award something to sb..C. credit,把……归功于……;D.prize 珍 视. 2.D 题意:加拿 大人与大自然相处和睦,因为他们视自然界为衣食父母.本题是固定搭配题, 考查对介词短语 in harmony with…(同……和谐, 融洽)的掌握. A.coordination 协调, 调和; B.acquaintance 相 识, 熟人; C.contact 接触, 均为不正确搭配. 3.B 题意:大众传媒有助于促进产品生产到消费 的转化.本题是一道动词词义辨析题,考察对 shift 词意与句型 的掌握.shift from … to …的意 思 是 " 从 …… 移 到 ……" 为 正 确 选 项 ; 干 扰 项 C.lay emphasis 后 面 应 接 on ( 强 调 ……);A.vary,D.moderate 的 意 思 分 别 为 " 变 化 "," 缓 和 ", 与 题 意 不 符 . 题 干 中 mass

advertising 的意思 是"大众传媒". 4.D 题意: 我知道你能说会道, 但是别劝我买它. 本题考 查固定搭配, 答案要选择 into, sb into doing something talk 说服某人做某事. 5.A 题意:只要 我们不透支,在完成这个项目时,我们预测不会有任何困难.foresee.vt.预见,预知.fabricate.vt. 编造(谎言,借口等),制造;infer vt.推断,猜想;inhibit.vt.抑制,约束,常接介词 from,如:Fear of cancer may inhibit him from continuing to smoke. 6.D 题意: 现代形式的通讯和运输大大突破 了阿拉斯加的孤立生活状态. 本题考查的是一组词组意思辨析. break down 失灵,失效,停止 运转;break out 突然发生;break into 闯入,侵入;break through 突破,突围.只有 D 最符合题意. 7.D 题意:请你找一张白纸,将你的名字写在顶部好吗? 这是一道考过数次的近义词辨析 题.blank 指(纸张等) 空白的;bare 指物体的表面没被覆盖的;vacant 指(日程等)空的;hollow 指容器空的. 8.C 题意: 我发现很难将我的事业雄心与抚养孩子的需要协调起来. reconcile vt. 调 解 , 调 停 ; 使 相 协 调 ; 使 和 谐 , 使 一 致 .consolidate v. 巩 固 ;amend v. 修 正 , 改 进 , 改 正;intensify 加强,强化. 9.B 题意:虽然完全认识这种病的诱因可能还要几年的时间,但很快就 能在此病的治疗上取得突破性进展.名词 辨义.breakthrough"突破,突破性进展,重要的新发现 ",符合题意.distinction"差别,不同;区分,辨别,优 秀,杰出;荣誉,优待";identification"身份证明;鉴 定,验明,认出;认同";interpretation"解释,说明,诠 释;(表演,演奏的)艺术处理". 10.B 题意:大火 最终得到控制,但已造成了重大损失.因为 had been cause 发生在前,即重大损失造成后,大 火 才得以控制.not before 即 after.因此 B 是正确答案.C "因为,自从";D "因为,当……时候"意 思均不 符. 11.A 题意:目光接触很重要,因为不恰当的目光接触可能会造成误会.barrier"关卡, 检票口;隔阂;屏障",符 合题意.tragedy"惨事,灾难;悲剧(艺术)";vacuum"真空,真空吸尘器 ";question"问题;疑问,难题;需讨 论(或考虑)的问题". 12.D 题意:应该有保障安全的机制来防 止火车相撞.近义名词辨义.A. appliance 意为"(装在较大的机械设备上 的)设备,机械,装置";B. accessory 意为 "附件, 零件, 附加物, 从犯, 同谋者";C. machine 意为"机 器,机械"; D. mechanism 意为"装置,机械,结构,程序 124 组四级核心词汇要求: 掌握单词的意思及字典中 级 的例句 1. compress / suppress / depress / impress 2. rectify / verify / purify / clarify / justify / certify / specify 3. notify / ratify / fortify / intensify / signify / simplify 4. satisfy / identify / exemplify / magnify / signify / simplify 5. conscious / conscientious 6. compliment / complement / implement 7. refrain / restrain 8. literal / literary / liberal 9. legible / legal 10. extinguish / distinguish 11. recipe / ingredient 12. proclaim / exclaim / reclaim 13. persist / resist / assist / consist 14. stationary / stationery 15. special / specific 16. susceptible / suspicious 17. swear / swell / sway / sweep 18. subsidiary / substantial 19. priority / superiority / urgency / emergency 20. vigorous / rigorous 21. vogue / vulgar 22. virtual / virtue 23. evolution / revolution 24. rude / crude / raw / rough 25. enhance / enforce / reinforce / intensify / endow / entail 26. illegible / negligible 27. powerful / influential / vigorous 28. postulate / speculate 29. compile / edit / integrate / knit 30. prospect / inspect / retrospect / respect 31. altitude / aptitude / longitude / latitude 32. ascribe / prescribe / subscribe 33. alleviate / eliminate / reverse 34. adventure / adjust / advocate / adjoin 35. format / formula / facet / fashion 36. announce / denounce / pronounce 37. respectable / respectful / respective 38. approach / reproach 39. retort / resort / refute 40. haul / haunt / hoist / whirl 41. conflict / inflict 42. explicit / implicit 43. pose / impose / compose 44. crumble / stumble / tumble 45. transit / transmit / transact 46. principle / principal 47. expire / exile / expel 48. reserve / preserve 49. priority / privilege 50. immerse / submerge 51. perceive / conceive 52. collision / corrosion 53. compel / repel 54. instantaneous / spontaneous 55. vague / obscure / ambiguous 56. comply with / conform to / abide by / go by / stick to / adhere to 57. get rid of / discard / abandon / throw away / dispose of / abolish 58. depression / recession 59. radical / drastic 60. resume / proceed 61. disperse / scatter 62. rigid / stubborn 63. in a succession of / consecutive / chronic /

continuous / continual 64. amplify / magnify / enlarge 65. intensify / strengthen / enhance 66. stress / emphasize / focus 67. therapy / remedy / cure / heal 68. approve / consent / grant 69. endure / tolerate / bear / put up with 70. imply / infer 71. information / message 72. anticipate / expect / look forward to 73. affirm / confirm / ascertain 74. complicated / complex / sophisticated 75. fatal / vital / critical / crucial 76. plot / scheme / project 77. devote / contribute / dedicate 78. liable / prone / apt / vulnerable 79. allege / assert / maintain 80. choose / select / pick out 81. disposition / temperament / nature / character 82. execute / carry out / implement / enforce 83. replace / substitute 84. gracious / polite / amiable 85. grateful / thankful 86. nominate / appoint / assign 87. robust / energetic / rigorous / stout 88. reckon / ponder / deliberate 89. encounter / confront 90. verdict / decree 91. plausible / reasonable / rational / sensible 92. manipulate / control 93. proclaim / announce / declare 94. agenda / scheme / schedule 95. reject / refuse / turn down / decline 96. deprive / deny 97. alleviate / relieve / appease / ease 98. ascribe / attribute 99. deteriorate / aggravate 100. dissipate / evaporate 101. reconcile / compromise 102. linger / hang about 103. overlook / neglect / ignore 104. eligible / qualified 105. erase / wipe out 106. impetus / motive / motivation 107. seek / pursue 108. save / rescue 109. eternal / perpetual / everlasting 110. luxurious / extravagant 111. initiate / start / launch 112. restrict / limit / confine 113. permeate / penetrate 114. depict / describe 115. dubious / doubtful 116. intrinsic / inherent 117. prominent / outstanding / famous / conspicuous / noticeable / eminent 118. illuminate / enlighten / explain 119. expenditure / expense 120. integrity / honesty 121. admit / confess / acknowledge / concede 122. ascend / rise 123. imperative / urgent 124. absurd / ridiculous



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