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六级完形填空常考词组汇总


英语六级完形填空务必掌握的重要短语 at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外 at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上 at large(=at full length; with details)详细地 accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控, 控告 allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到 . amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责. abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守 comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从 apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for 申请; apply to 适用. apply to 与…有关;适用 arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方); be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以… 为羞耻 assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结 attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料 in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 on one’s own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account 不论 什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去 account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially ) 熟悉 act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于 adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要) in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之 in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循 adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的 adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应; have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事 take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果 begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语) on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义

believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生 blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上 in blossom 开花(指树木) be in blossom 开花(强调状态) come into blossom 开花(强调动作) take the floor 起立发言本文 be capable of 能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词是能够被…的 compare…with … 把…与…比较 compare…to… 把…比作… complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维) delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐 take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐 demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西 deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物 deviate from 偏离, 不按…办本文 on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食 differ from…in 与…的区别在于… dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉 beyond dispute 不容争议的,无可争议 in dispute 在争议中 (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同 distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别 distinguish…from 把…与…区别开 do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压 come off duty 下班 be in sympathy with 赞同,同情 in terms of (=with regard to; respectively) 按照, 根据, 在…方面 behind the times (思想,看法)落后于时代 behind time (=late) 迟到, 晚点 for the time being (=temporarily)暂时 be in touch with 与…有接触, 有联系 be out of touch with 与…没有联系或接触 in view of (=considering) 考虑到… in the view of 按…的意思 as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论 on the whole (=generally, for the most part) 大体上说 against one’s will 违心地, 违背意愿地 at will 随心所欲; with a will 有决心地 be aware of (=be conscious of )意识到,知道. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost , whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何 in case (=for fear that) 万一; in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至于…, 就…而言 in no case 在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)

be cautious of 谨防 center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上 in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管 take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾) charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有… keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好. in contrast towith 和…形成对比 by contrast 对比之下 contribute to 有助于 under control (被)控制住 out of control 无法控制 at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点 .be convenient to for 对…方便 convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.) 使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做… cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理 correspond to 与…相符合,相当于 . correspond with 符合,一致 at all costs 不惜任何代价 . at the cost of 以…为代价 on credit 赊购; with credit 以优异成绩; to one’s credit 使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使… 感到光荣 on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中 in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加 to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴 ( to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow 悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame 羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇) have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力 with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力 at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束 economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省 go into effect 生效. ( 近义: come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect) enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加 enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等) be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格… except for (=apart from) 除…以外 (an) exception to …的例外 with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外 in excess of (=more than) 超过 exchange…for 以…交换 at the expense of 在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲 expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险) keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视 in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里 keep faith with 对…守信用 lose faith in 对…失去信心 find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵 in favour of 赞成 fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心 for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕

be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了 feel like (=have a desire for) 想要 free of charge 免费 head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进 hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过 be identified with 被视为与…等同 in ignorance of 不知道… be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 对…不了解,不知道 be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎 (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差; superior to 比… 好 inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉 be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的 in the interests of 符合…的利益 be interested in 对…感兴趣 interfere in 干涉, interfere with 打搅,干扰 be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚) be liable for 对…应负责任的 no more…than 和…一样都不… for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说 make the most of 充分利用 name after 用…的名字命名 nothing but 只有, 不过…而已 be of the opinion 持有…的看法 on the outskirts (of) 在城郊 owe…to 把…归于… on one’s own (=along, without help)单独 keep pace with 跟…齐步前进 part with (=give up, sell) 舍弃,卖掉 participate in (=take part in)参加 be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格 be qualified for 在某种职业上合格 call…in question 对…表示怀疑 beyond (all) question (=without question) 毫无疑问 out of the question (=impossible)不可能的 in question (=under discussion)所谈及的; without question 毫无疑问 be caught in the rain 被雨淋了 at random (=without aim or purpose) 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地 in the red 亏损,负债,赤字 (be) get out of red 不再亏损 refer to…as 把…称做… result in (=cause) 导致 with the result that 其结果是 on schedule(=at the planned or exacted time)按时,准时;ahead of schedule 提前; in advance 预先;behind schedule 落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间 be schedule for 定在某时(进行) scrape through(in) 勉强通过

from scratch(=from the beginning)从头开始 in search of 寻找;in honor of 为了...表示敬意;in memory of 为纪念..;in hopes of 为期 待..;in pursuit of 为追求..;in behalf of 为…的利益;in favor of 为赞成…;in support of 为支 持… in short supply 供应不足 speak ill of 说…的坏话; speak well of 说…的好话 specialize in 专门研究, 专攻 in step 步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐 stick sth. on 把…贴在…上 stick to 粘着, 坚持 subject…to(=cause…to experience)使受..到 subject (adj.) to 易受到…的 submit…to 提交 substitute…for 以…代替… take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢 yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从 1 a host of 大量 2 a test for 检测目的 3 a test on 对……进行测试 4 a test with 检测手段 5 above all 最重要的; 6 according to 根据 7 achieve equilibrium 取得平衡 8 achieve one’s purpose 达到目的 9 achieve success 获得成功 10 achieve victory 获得胜利 11 act on 遵照┄行动,作用于; 12 act on 对…有影响 13 add up to 总计,合计 14 add… to 把…加到…. 15 adhere to 坚持,奉行; 16 after all 毕竟,均不合题意; 17 agree on 对……取得一致意见 18 agree to 同意 19 agree with sb.同意某人的话 20 along with 和┄一道,和┄一起; 21 alternate 交替; 22 amount to 合计,共计; 23 an equal to 与……相当的人/物,相同的人 24 and yet 然而 25 anything but 一点也不; 26 anything like 像……那样的东西 27 anywhere near 接近于 28 apart form 除……之外尚有 29 apply to 向……申请,适用于

30 appreciation of 对……的欣赏/赞赏 31 argue against 反对 32 as a result of 作为……的结果,由于 33 as a result 表结果,用不用逗号隔开看情况而定; 34 as a whole 作为一个整体,整个看来


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