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2015/5/20 第Ⅰ卷 (共 100 分) 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有
10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A.￡19.15. 答案是B。 1. What does the man play? A. Sports. A. Attend the wedding. 3. What’s the man’s major? A. Journalism. A. At a bus stop. 5. What does the man mean? A. He has been to the restaurant many times. B. He heard about the restaurant from Tom. C. He intends to try a better restaurant. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Who says organic（有机的）food tastes better? A. The man. B. The woman. C. The woman’s friend. 7. What does the woman suggest doing? A. Only buying organic products. B. Trying some organic vegetables. B. Business. B. At the railway station. C. International relations. C. At the airport. 4. Where does this conversation take place? B. Musical instruments. B. Go over her lessons. C. Computer games. C. Eat out with the man. 2. What will the woman probably do today? B.￡9.15. C.￡9.18.
免费在线作业标准 100 分答案
C. Asking Joe for advice about food. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What does the woman think of washing clothes by herself? A. Troublesome. B. Fun. C. Not a big deal. 9. Why will she take her clothes to the laundry tomorrow? A. It’s too tiring to hand-wash sheets. B. She has too much work to do. C. She just heard about the laundry. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What happened to Tony today? A. He lost his job. B. He was criticized by his boss. C. His vacation in summer was cancelled. 11. How did he feel about it? A. Astonished. 12. What is he going to do? A. Wait to be called back to the company. B. Talk with his boss about his problems. C. Start to look for a new job. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where did chopsticks originate（起源）? A. In Japan. A. Wood or bamboo ones. A. To show their wealth. B. To see if their food was poisoned. C. To show their power. 16. What do Chinese people think knives and forks suggest? A. Violence. B. High quality life. C. Gentleness. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What course is English Literature 201? A. A course on the works of William Shakespeare. B. A course on the history of English literature. C. A course on classics of English literature. B. In China. B. Jade ones. C. In Korea. C. Plastic ones. 14. What kind of chopsticks are often used by ordinary Chinese people? 15. Why did ancient kings and emperors use silver chopsticks? B. Extremely angry. C. Sad but not surprised.
免费在线作业标准 100 分答案
18. When will the midterm exam be held? A. After Romeo and Juliet. A. King lear. 20. What is the talk mainly about? A. Changes in homework assignments. B. The life of William Shakespeare. C. William Shakespeare’s masterpieces. B. Right after Macbeth. B. Macbeth. C. During Week 6. C. Henry VI. 19. Which of the following is on the list of books?
第二部分 阅读理解 （共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。
I was sure that I was to be killed. I became terribly nervous. I fumbled(摸索) in my pockets to see if there were any cigarettes, which had escaped their search. I found one and because of my shaking hands, I could barely get it to my lips. But I had no matches, they had taken those. I looked through the bars at the guard. He did not make eye contact with me. I called out to him “Have you got a light?” He looked at me, shrugged and came over to light my cigarette. As he came close and lit the match, his eyes unconsciously locked with mine. At that moment, I smiled. I don’t know why I did that. Perhaps it was nervousness, perhaps it was because, when you get very close, one to another, it is very hard not to smile. In any case, I smiled. In that instant, it was as though a spark jumped across the gap between our two hearts, our two human souls. I know he didn’t want to, but my smile leaped through the bars and caused a smile on his lips, too. He lit my cigarette but stayed near, looking at me directly in the eyes and continuing to smile. I kept smiling at him, now thinking of him as a person and not just a guard. "Do you have kids?" he asked. “Yes, here, here.” I took out my wallet and nervously fumbled for the pictures of my family. He, too, took out the pictures of his family and began to talk about his plans and hopes for them. My eyes filled with tears. I said that I feared that I’d never see my family again, never have the chance to see them grow up. Tears came to his eyes, too. Suddenly, without another word, he unlocked my cell and silently led me out. Out of the prison, quietly and by back routes, out of the town. There, at the edge of town, he released me. And without another word, he turned back toward the town. 21. What had happened to the man before ? A. He had been badly treated. B. He had killed someone. C. He had been searched.
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D. He had been forbidden to get in touch with anyone. 22. Why did the man want to smoke cigarettes? A. Because he was sure he was to be killed. B. Because he wanted to ease his nervousness. C. Because he wanted to talk to the guard. D. Because he was used to smoking cigarettes. 23. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The man was a heavy smoker. B. The man smiled to please the guard. C. The guard set the man free with permission. D. The man hadn’t thought the guard would set him free. 24. What do you think finally saved the man’s life? A. The smile. B. The cigarette. C. The tears. D. The wallet.
Some people think if you are happy, you are blind to reality. But when we research it, happiness actually raises every single business and educational outcome for the brain. How did we miss this? Why do we have these social misunderstandings about happiness? Because we assumed you were average. When we study people, scientists are often interested in what the average is. Many people think happiness is genetic. That’s only half the story, because the average person does not fight their genes. When we stop studying the average and begin researching positive outliers —people who are above average for a positive aspect like optimism or intelligence —a wildly different picture appears. Our daily decisions and habits have a huge impact upon both our levels of happiness and success. Scientifically, happiness is a choice. It is a choice about where your single processor brain will devote its limited resources as you process the world. If you scan for the negative first, your brain really has no resources left over to see the things you are grateful for or the meaning embedded(嵌入) in your work. But if you scan the world for the positive, you start to acquire an amazing advantage. I wrote the cover story for the Harvard Business Review magazine on “Happiness Leads to Profits.” Based on my article called “Positive Intelligence” and my research in The Happiness Advantage, I summarized our researched conclusion: the single greatest advantage in the modern economy is a happy and busy workforce. A decade of research in the business world proves that happiness raises nearly every business and educational outcome: increasing sales by 37%, productivity by 31%, and accuracy on tasks by 19%, as well as a number of health and quality-of-life improvements.
免费在线作业标准 100 分答案
25. The underlined word “this” in the first paragraph refers to A. the fact that people are happy B. the connection between happiness and educational outcome C. the fact that people often misunderstand happiness D. the fact that most people are average 26. What can we learn from the passage? A. Scientists are only interested in what the average is. B. You can choose to be happy or not. C. The average are not happy at all. D. Our decisions and habits have nothing to do with happiness. 27. Why does the writer mention his articles and research? A. To advertise himself. B. To arouse the readers’ interest. C. To support his point about happiness. D. To attract the readers to read his articles. 28. What is the author’s purpose of writing this article? A. To explain what is happiness. B. To describe the misunderstandings about happiness. C. To show people the importance of happiness.
D. To make the point that happiness promotes business and educational outcome.
Scientists investigated why Ebola virus is so deadly when it spreads from animals to humans and then from human-to-human contact. The research team looked at the Zaire Ebola virus in an animal system to understand how it gains strength. This virus is responsible for the current outbreak in West Africa. They found that initially the animal systems were not affected by the virus, but succeeding transmission(传送) into other animals caused the virus to “hot up” and become more severe. The team analyzed the viruses at different stages and were able to identify several changes in its genetic material that were associated with increased disease. Professor Julian Hiscox, who led the study from the University’s Institute of Infection and Global Health, explains: “The work tells us that the evolutionary goal of Ebola virus is to become more fatal.” “We were able to show through genetic analysis which parts of the virus are involved in this process. The information we have gathered will now allow us to monitor for such changes in an outbreak as well as develop future treatment strategies.” Professor Roger Hewson, leading the study from Public Health England, Porton Down, said: “Ebola virus is such a destructive infection to the people affected by the disease and the economy of West Africa.”
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“Our understanding of Ebola virus biology is way behind that of other viruses and our cooperation shows how we can bring together our specialists’ skills to close this knowledge gap.” Professor Miles Carroll, a co-author of the work, said: “This study has allowed the team to be at the forefront of developing methodologies to analyze patient samples recently taken by the European Mobile Laboratory from West Africa to understand disease evolution during the current outbreak.” 29. What does the first paragraph mainly tell us? A. How severe Ebola virus is. B. How Ebola virus spreads. C. How Ebola virus gradually becomes deadly. D. What contributions scientists have made on Ebola virus. 30. Which of the following statements is mentioned in the passage? A. In the first stage, the virus hurts its victims much. B. As the virus spreads, it’ll change and become more and more deadly. C. The research in Ebola virus is more advanced than that in other viruses. D. The scientists have a negative attitude to the research in Ebola virus. 31. The underlined word “fatal” has the closest meaning to ______. A. optimistic A. In a science report. C. In an advertisement. B. deadly C. common B. In a storybook. D. In a textbook. D. fantastic 32. Where can we probably read this passage?
Much meaning can be conveyed, clearly, with our eyes, so it is often said that eyes can speak. Do you have such kind of experience? In a bus you may look at a stranger, but not too long. And if he is sensing that he is being stared at, he may feel uncomfortable. The same in daily life. If you are looked at for more than necessary, you will look at yourself up and down, to see if there is anything wrong with you. If nothing goes wrong, you will feel angry toward others’ stare at you that way. Eyes do speak, right? Looking too long at someone may seem to be rude and aggressive. But things are different when it comes to stare at the opposite sex. If a man glances at a woman for more than 10 seconds and refuses to move his gaze, his intentions are obvious, that is, he wishes to attract her attention, to make her understand that he is admiring her. However, the normal eye contact for two people engaged in conversation is that the speaker will only look at the listener from time to time, in order to make sure that the listener does pay attention to what the former is speaking, to tell him that he is attentive. If a speaker looks at you continuously when speaking, as if he tries to dominate you, you will feel uncomfortable. A poor liar usually exposes himself by looking too long at the victim, since he believes in
免费在线作业标准 100 分答案
the false idea that to look straight in the eye is a sign of honest communication. Quite the contrary. In fact, continuous eye contact is confined to lovers only, who will enjoy looking at each other tenderly for a long time, to show affection that words cannot express. Evidently, eye contact should be done according to the relationship between two people and the specific situation. 33. Which of the following behaviors is proper according to the passage? A. To the opposite sex, stare at him or her. B. To a stranger, avoid looking at him or her. C. In a conversation, look at the listener all the time. D. Make eye contact depending on the relationship and different situations. 34. If two persons exchange eye contact gently for long, what is probably their relationship? A. Boss and employee. A. Don’t stare at others C. Eyes can speak 第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 The increasing environmental problems and need for eco-friendly products and services are creating a new job section of green-collar jobs. 37 36 It is expected that by 2025 about 25% of the jobs in developed countries will be of green-collar jobs. Doesn’t the data look promising for the future? And jobs will pop up at every income level, from environmental manager to gardener. For 38 The increasing demand example, many countries including the United States have understood that fossil fuels have negative effect on the environment which can later become a serious danger to mankind. of newer resources has created the need for experts and researchers who can find better ways to deal with the ongoing needs. In addition, in order to meet the increasing demands of environment-friendly equipment, both green product designer and educated and trained workers are needed. Management of environmental organizations also demands a large number of environmental managers. 39 Internet is undoubtedly the best way to find information on almost any matter. Nowadays, different kinds of jobs are being posted online. Search through a couple of job websites to look for a bright future in energy conversion and recycling of waste management. Check regularly and find the right work for yourself. 40 B. Lovers. C. Teacher and student. D. Strangers 35. What’s the best title of the passage? B. Body language is important D. Eye contact benefits you
A. People who read newspapers can also find different kinds of green-collar jobs. B. People who take green careers will be well paid. C. Where can you find green-collar jobs? D. Green-collar jobs have become a bright career chances for all.
免费在线作业标准 100 分答案
E. Many countries of the world have realized the importance and need for energy-saving products and services. F. As a result, possibilities are being explored to find alternatives to satisfy demands in a better way. G. Forget the blue–collar and white–collar categories.
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I arrived at my mother’s home for our Monday family dinner. Mother was from the boxes, of one box.
“What is this?” I asked. “Oh?” Mom said, “That’s Mama’s quilt.” I designs, 45 47 the quilt. It looked as if a group of school children had pieced it together; pictures, a winding line on the right. 48 . My grandmother was a master at making quilts. This 49 46
quilt after quilt 44
showing me their beauties. She was preparing for a quilt show at the Elmhurst 43 and put them back into the boxes, I noticed something at the
Church. When we began to
“Grandmother made this?” I said,
didn’t look like any of the quilts she had made. “Yes, right before she died. I still 52 50 it home with me last year and made some 51 ,” she said. “I’m
on it. See, this is what I’ve done so far.” 53 . At the center of the quilt, she had sewn a piece of 55 54 with these
I looked at it more
words: “My mother made many quilts. She didn’t get all lines it 56 . Her last quilt.” 57
. But I think this is beautiful. I want to see
“Oh, this is so nice, Mom,” I said. It was honoring her own 59 58
to me that by completing my grandmother’s quilt, my mother
. I realized, too, that I held in my hands a family 60 with the loving hands of another.
. It started with the loving hands of one woman, and
41. A. splitting up 42. A. proudly 43. A. push 44. A. top 45. A. pressed 46. A. perfect 47. A. childish 48. A. excited
B. picking up B. frankly B. lift B. bottom B. spread B. delicate B. elegant B. depressed
C. pulling out C. politely C. cover C. back C. packed C. mature C. classic C. surprised
D. showing off D. generously D. fold D. front D. raised D. irregular D. horrible D. delighted
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49. A. almost 50. A. robbed 51. A. decisions 52. A. working 53. A. disappointedly 54. A. paper 55. A. strong 56. A. finished 57. A. happened 58. A. skill 59. A. shame 60. A. continued
B. certainly B. bought B. money B. depending B. closely B. bread B. hidden B. removed B. appeared B. mother B. responsibility B. stopped
C. partly C. dropped C. changes C. living C. nervously C. wood C. straight C. produced C. occurred C. show C. desire C. declined
D. probably D. brought D. mistakes D. sitting D. gratefully D. cloth D. bent D. prepared D. struck D. quilt D. treasure D. disappeared
第 II 卷（共 50 分）
注意事项： 第 II 卷共 2 页。 考生必须使用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔在答题纸上各题目的指定答题区域内作答， 在 试卷上作答无效。 第二节： （共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 It’s never foolish ahead 63 61 (acknowledge) you are in the wrong. Being human, we all need the art of 62 (rough), said unkind things, pushed yourself
apology. Look back and think how often you’ve judged been made, your feeling will stay out of balance expressed. I remember a doctor friend, 64
the cost of a friend. Some deep thought lets us know that when even a small mistake has the mistake is acknowledged and your regret is 66 (vary)
65 (tell) me about a man who came to him with 67
illnesses: headache, insomnia, stomachaches and so on. No physical cause could After 68
(find). Finally the
doctor said to the man, “unless you tell me what’s on your conscience, I can’t help you.” short silence, the man told the doctor that he seized all the money that his father gave to 69 (die), so only he himself knew the matter. The doctor 70 (disappear), the man burst into tears. “Thank you, his brother, who was abroad. His father was dropped the letter into the mail box. As the letter
made the man write to his brother making an apology and enclosing a check. In the post office, the man doctor,” he said, “I think I’m all right now.” And he was.
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
免费在线作业标准 100 分答案
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Manners are important to happy relations among people. No one liked a person with bad manners. Having good manners is seen by many people for a sign of cultural understanding and good taste. Polite words are one of the example. When meet people, saying “Hello!” or “How are you?” and so on means you are very polite, which will make that easy for you to communicate with others. However, other people will hate getting on with you and your life will become difficulty. Only saying polite words can you get on well with others. All in the all, it is polite words which will make your life become convenient. 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是某高中学生李华，你校美国外教 Jim 对中国传统文化很感兴趣。近期，学校邀请某大 学王教授到校举行“孔子及其思想”的讲座。请给 Jim 写一封信，介绍讲座的有关事宜，并邀请他来参 加。 1. 讲座时间：5 月 16 日（星期六）上午 8：00-11:00 点； 2. 讲座地点：1 号教学楼三楼 302 室; 3. 活动安排：8:00-10:00：听讲座；10:00-10:30：讨论及提问；10:30-11:00 诵读孔 子经典名句。 注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3. 开头结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Jim, ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Yours, Lihua
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听力（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 1-5: ABBCB 6-10: CBCAA 11-15: CCBAB 16-20: AACBA
阅读（共 20 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 21-25: CBDAB 26-30：BCDCB 31-35：BADBC 36-40：EDFCA
完形（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 41-45: CADBB 46-50: DACBD 51-55: CABDC 56-60: ACBDA
语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 61. to acknowledge 66. various 62. roughly 67. be found 63. at 68. a 64. until/till 69. dead 65. telling 70. disappeared
短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
Manners are important to happy relations among people. No one liked a person with bad manners. Having good manners is seen by many likes people for a sign of cultural understanding and good taste. Polite words as are one of the example. When meet people, saying “Hello!” or “How are examples meeting it you to communicate with others. However, other people will hate getting Otherwise on with you and your life will become difficulty. Only ∧ saying polite difficult words can you get on well with others. All in the all, it is polite words which will make your life become that convenient. 书面表达： （满分 25 分） 参考答案(略) by you?” and so on means you are very polite, which will make that easy for
免费在线作业标准 100 分答案
一、评分原则 ①本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 ②词数过多或过少（80-120 词为合理区间） ，减 2 分。 ③评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量，确定或调 整档次，最后给分。评分档次的确定应在内容符合题目要求的前提下侧重于语言的表达。 ④评分时，应注意的主要内容为：内容切题，语言表达准确、多样、连贯、得体。 ⑤拼写与标点符号是语言表达准确的一个方面，评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、 美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 ⑥如书写太潦草，以至影响辨认，将分数降低一个档次。 二．各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档（21-25） ： 完全完成了试题规定的任务，所有内容与提示吻合，应用了较丰富的语法结构和词汇，语法结构与 词汇应用准确，虽有个别错误，但不影响意义的表达；具备较强的语言运用能力；恰当使用了语句 间的连接成分，全文结构紧凑，完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档（15-20 分） ： 完成了试题规定的任务，主要内容与提示吻合，应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求，语法结 构与词汇应用基本准确，个别错误对意义的表达有一定影响，较恰当地使用了语句间的连接成分， 全文结构较紧凑，达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档（10-14 分） ： 基本完成了试题规定的任务，主要内容与提示比较吻合，应用的语法结构和词汇能基本满足任务的 要求。 有一些语法结构与词汇的错误，对意义的表达有较大影响，基本能使用语句间的连接成分，全文结 构比较松散。整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档（5-9 分） ： 仅完成试题规定的部分任务，主要内容与提示基本吻合，语法结构单调，应用词汇有限，有较多语 法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了意义的表达，语句间的连接成分运用不当，缺少连贯性，信息未 能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档（1-4 分） 未完成试题规定的任务，主要内容与提示不太吻合，语法结构单一，应用词汇十分有限，有较多语 法结构或词汇方面的严重错误，严重影响了意义的表达，缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯，信 息未能传达给读者。 0 分：未能传达给读者任何信息：内容太少，无法评判；写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容无 法看清。
Text 1 W: Do you play any musical instruments? M: Uh, no. I only play sports. Text 2 M: Would you like to go to my friend’s wedding with me? W: To tell you the truth, I really can’t go anywhere because I’m going to have a final exam tomorrow. Text 3
免费在线作业标准 100 分答案
W: What kind of news do you usually follow? M: International news, because I am now studying business so I need to know what’s going on in the world. Text 4 W: It’s so nice to have you here. M: I hope I haven’t kept you waiting long. W: No. How was the flight? M: It was quite smooth. Text 5 M: This restaurant seems good, doesn’t it? W: So, you’ve never eaten here either? Why did you bring me here then? M: Tom recommended this place to me. He said he had eaten here many times and had never been disappointed. Text 6 W: Let’s get some organic vegetables. My friend Lucy says they really do taste better. M: Maybe, but they’re also more expensive. I was talking to Joe at work about this. I mean, yeah, he buys organic food, but his salary is so much higher than mine. W: OK, let’s do this. We’ll get some organic tomatoes, just to give them a try. Then we’ll see how we like them and go from there. Anyway, the price is only 20% higher than regular tomatoes’. Text 7 M: Why don’t you take your clothes to the laundry? W: Good idea. Where is it? M: It’s about 500 yards from here by the shortcut through the square. You’ve never been there before? W: No. I always hand-wash my clothes. If you wash them every day it’s not much trouble at all. But tomorrow, I’ll have to change my sheets. M: Do you know the place I mean? W: I think so. It’s just next door to the tailor’s. M: That’s right. Be sure to take some quarters along. W: I will. Oh, I’m so sleepy. Good night. M: Good night. Text 8 M: Oh, I just got some bad news today. W: What happened, Tony? M: Today the boss called me into his office and told me they had to lay me off. That means I’m out of work. W: Oh! I am so sorry. You really liked working there. M: Yeah, well, it’s not all bad news. There’s still a small chance that the company will call me back in the summer if the work picks up. You never know what’ll happen. They might need me then. W: Oh, this is so sudden, isn’t it? M: Well, sort of. Two other employees lost their jobs last month. I had a feeling I might be the next in line. You know. I’ve only been working there for ten months. If they’re going to lay someone off, it’s always going to be the newer employees first. W: Oh, what are you going to do? M: Well, I plan to go to some interviews.
免费在线作业标准 100 分答案
Text 9 W: Hi, Mr. Lee, I am a reporter from the New York Times. It will be great if you can tell me some information about chopsticks, such as their origin and the materials they are made from. M: Good question. Chopsticks originated in China, but they are widely used in many Asian countries. Chopsticks may be made of any of the following materials: bamboo, wood, gold, silver, ivory, or plastic, and they may be either round or square. Some chopsticks are decorated with colored pictures. Ordinary chopsticks used in Chinese homes are made of wood or bamboo. In ancient times, the rich used jade or gold chopsticks to display their wealth. Many kings and emperors used silver chopsticks to see if their food had been poisoned. W: OK, thank you. And I’d like to know why Chinese people use chopsticks. Why not knives and forks, like Americans? M: Oh, that is a good question. I think Chinese people choose chopsticks, rather than knives and forks, because Chinese people, under the influence of Confucianism, have traditionally considered knives and forks as symbolizing a type of violence. On the other hand, chopsticks reflect gentleness and kindness. And maybe Chinese food simply seems to taste better when eaten with chopsticks. Text 10 Good afternoon. My name is Helen Smith and I am the teacher for this course on William Shakespeare. This is English Literature 201, the works of William Shakespeare. Now, on your desk there is a list of the homework assignments for the course. Before we begin talking about the life and times of William Shakespeare, I’d like to go over the homework assignments. Uh, there are one or two mistakes and a couple of changes. Let’s start at the beginning. The first week is OK. But for Week Two, please read pages 1 to 78 of Macbeth, not 1 to 55. OK? Have you got that? For Week Two, read 1 to 78 and Week Three 79 to the end. Now, uh, I’d also like to change the order of what you read. We’re going to do Henry V before Romeo and Juliet and the midterm. So Week Four is Henry V, pages 1 to 59 and Week Five is Henry V, pages 60 to the end. Week Six is the midterm. No change there. Week Seven we’ll do Romeo and Juliet, pages 1 to 85 and Week Eight, 86 to the end. On Week Nine, we’ll begin the final work of the course, Hamlet. Please change pages 1 to 69 to pages 1 to 93. And for Week Ten, pages 94 to the end. And finally, the dates of the last two weeks are wrong. Thanksgiving is on November 21st; so there is no class then. The starting date for Week Ten is November 28th and the starting date of Week Eleven, that’s the week of the final exam, is December 5th. Now let me go through the changes again...
免费在线作业标准 100 分答案