Module 4 Great Scientists Introduction Reading & Vocabulary
What great scientists do you Name: ____________________ Qian Xues
en Marie Curie Name: ____________________ Name: ____________________ know? Archimedes Albert Einstein Name: ____________________ Name: ____________________ Nationality: _______________
Yuan Longping Chinese Nationality: _______________ Polish Nationality: _______________ Sicilian Nationality: _______________ German / American Physics Nationality: _______________ Chinese Major: ___________________ Major: ___________________ Physics Physics, Mathematician Major: ___________________ Major: ___________________ Agriculture Mathematical Physics Major: ___________________ Inventions /discovers: Inventions /discovers: Inventions /discovers: Inventions /discovers: Chinese atom bomb Inventions /discovers: __________________________ Radioactivity __________________________ buoyancy 浮力 __________________________ relativity __________________________ hybrid rice __________________________ When did they invent/discover: When did they invent/discover: When did they invent/discover: When did they invent/discover: In 1964 When did they invent/discover: __________________________ __________________________ In 1898 About 240 BC __________________________ In 1905 __________________________ In 1970 __________________________
Introduction-2. Vocabulary zoology Find out the words with 1. the(4ms) study of animals
2. the study of plants their definitions. 3. the study of all living things
4. the study of physical objects and natural forces biochemistry 5. the study of chemical processes in living
6. the study of the structure of substance and genetics
? biology persons who ? chemistry ? biochemistry ? botany ? zoology ? genetics ? physics ? mathematics
Introduction-2. Vocabulary (4ms) How do we call the
? biologist ? biochemist
study these subjects? ? chemist
? zoologist ? geneticist ? physicist ? mathematician
Reading & Vocabulary-1. Pre-reading (4ms) Look at the The Student Who Asked Questions
1. Will the passage be about something or about someone? 2. Do you think that the writer wrote about how the student studied in school? Did the writer write about what he did when he grew up? Why?
title and guess what it is about.
Reading & Vocabulary -2. Skimming(7ms) Read the 1.What kind of student was Yuan Longping
passage and find out the when he was young? answers to the questions.
2.What way did he think to produce rice more
3.What did he discover?
4.How important was the discovery？
1. What kind of student was Yuan Longping when he was young?
He was a student with lots of questions and he was interested in plants.
2. What way did he think to produce rice more quickly?
By crossing different species of rice plant, then he could produce a new plant which could give a higher yield than either of the original plants.
3. What did he discover?
He discovered a naturally sterile male rice plant.
4. How important was the discovery？
?Chinese rice production rose by 47.5% in the 1990’s. ? There were other advantages. ? 50,000 square kilometres of rice fields were converted to growing vegetables and other cash crops.
? Yuan’s rice was exported to other countries.
? His rice’s yield is much greater than the yield of other types of rice grown in Pakistan.
Reading & Vocabulary - 3. Careful reading (5ms) Read the
1. China produces more rice than any other country. passage again and decide
2. whether Yuan Longping asked a lot of questions at school. the statements are True
3. He developed a new of fast-growing rice. of kind False. 4. The government helped him in his research. 5. The new rice replaced vegetables in 50 thousand square kilometers.
6. The new rice is now grown n other countries, such as Pakistan.
Reading & Vocabulary -3. Para 1 Structure(5ms) Find out the Yuan Longping is a leading figure in the rice-growing
Para 2 world.
Para 3 he was called “the student who asked As a boy, Para 4 questions”.
As a young teacher, he began experiments in crop breeding.
Reading & Vocabulary -3. Vocabulary (6ms) Finish the Activity 3: Activity 4:
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) crop exercises breakthrough breed support feed publish producer species agriculture
in Activity 3 & 4.
4) B 5) B
Post-reading-4. Role-play (5ms)
Suppose one of you is an experienced farmer who has been growing rice; One is professor Yuan and the other one is a reporter. Please talk about the influence of the new hybrid rice.
Figures The farmer Prof. Yuan In the past Nowadays In the future
Try to find some information
about the influence of the hybrid
rice. Then share it with the classmates tomorrow.
Module 4 Great Scientists Listening and Speaking
Listening & Speaking1.Discussion(5ms) Look at the ? What is happening in the picture? picture in your textbook and There’s a quiz show being on. answer. quiz: a competition or game in which
people try to answer questions to test their knowledge
? What do you think the listening text is about?
Listening & Speaking 2.Vocabulary (5ms) Match the award 1. a prize or money given to someone for equal sth words with the meanings.
measure 2. exactly the same discover 3. to find out how long, wide, heavy, etc. sth is 4. to find theory 5. an idea, esp. in science, that explains radiation why or how contestant round sth happens 6. a form of energy which comes from a
2 The second round.
Listening & Speaking -3. Listening What’s the name of the quiz show? (5ms) Listen and find out the Superquiz. following answers . What round of the quiz is it?
3 What the subject of this round? Great is Scientists. 4 Who are the Matthew andcontestants? Rachel.
5 12. How many questions are there in this round? 39:41. 6 How many points have they 36:36. got before / after this round?
Listening & Speaking -4.Filling (6m) Listen to the tape again, Answers: then ? finish born the exercise in ? published Activity 3, on page 36.
? given ? famous for ? hole ? discovered, holes
? holes measured
Listening & Speaking -5.ExtraListen the Q.M:listening Boys and girls, we’reto into the tape second round of ,then fill in the blanks. again
“Superquiz”, and the subject of this gets a point round is loses “Great Scientists”. In this round, the first goes to the second contestant person equal If to answer the question____________. he’s wrong,he _______ a point, and the The theory of relativity question_____________________________.
Q.M: Correct. When was Einstein born? (buzzer) M: 10. Q.M: Wrong. Rachel? R: 1879? Q.M: Correct. The special theory ofwritten relativity was published Who was it by ____________in 1905. _____________________? (buzzer) What award was he given M: Einstein. Q.M: Correct. Einstein was given an important
(buzzer) M: Was he given the Nobel Physics Prize? Q.M: Yes, he was. Well done. Next question: What book is Stephen Hawking famous for? A Brief History of Time (buzzer) R: “_______________________.” Q.M: Correct. When was it published? (buzzer) black hole R: 1988. Q.M: Correct. What is a “__________”?
(buzzer) M: It’s a star that has collapsed in on itself. Q.M: Correct. Who discovered black holes? (buzzer) were discovered by M: They __________________Einstein. Q.M: No, they were not discovered by Einstein, they were discovered by Fred Hoyle. How are black holes measured ____________________________? (silence) Rachel? light waves R: Pass. Q.M: Matthew? M: They’re measured by the __________
Q.M: Wrong, they aren’t measured by light waves, they’re measured by the Who was this radiation radiation that discovered by comes from them.__________________ ___________? Well done (buzzer) R: Stephen Hawking? Q.M: __________! They is famous for were discovered by Stephen Hawking. They’re called the Hawking radiation. Now, Stephen
(buzzer) M: He can’t walk and he can’t talk except with a machine. That’s correct Q. M: _____________. Do you know the name of the his disease? special (buzzer) wheelchair through a R: voice Motor neuron disease. He sits in a machine ______ __________ and he speaks ___________ ______________.
Culture corner -1.Brainstorm (5ms) Rockets
Culture corner -2. Skimming (5ms) thetopassage and 1) Today rocketsRead are only used send astronauts into space. decide whether the statements 2) Rockets were invented by Chinese about 2,000 years are True or False. ago.
3) It was in the Song Dynasty that rockets were first used in wars.
4) It is believed that Europeans learned how to make rockets from the Mongols.
5) Wan Hu succeeded in sending himself into space with the help of rockets.
Culture corner -3. Structure (5ms) Find out the topic sentences of rockets are used to send astronauts Para. 1 Today each paragraph. into space or celebrate great events.
Para. 2 Para. 3 Para. 4
Rockets were first invented by Chinese about 2,000 years ago. First rockets were used in battles in China and then it was spread to Europe. Rockets were also used in other ways.
Find out more information about rocket on
Internet. Then share it with your classmates Tomorrow
Module 4 Great Scientists Grammar Culture corner
Grammar - 1. Observation (5ms) Find out the following sentences ? Yesterday I listened to music at home. present simple1 to Passive Voice. ? which A sound belong of piano is heard in the living room.
? Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone past simple in 1876. ? An article was written by him. ? They know that he is an expert. refers to the future ? In Pakistan rice will be grown in many parts of the country.
present ? The new hybrid rice has beenprefect developed by the
Grammar -2.Exercises (5ms) Finish the exercises of Activity 1. These computers are produced in America. 2,on page 34.
2. Rice has been grown in China for thousands of years. 3. These electronic games were / are made in Japan. 4. A new variety of rice was discovered in 1970. 5. Many important discoveries have been
Grammar–3 . Exercises (6ms) Finish the exercises of Activity 1. was educated 3&4,on page 34.
2. was given 3. were published
4. was discovered
5. were converted
6. was exported
1. Where was he educated?
2. What nickname was he given?
3. When were the results of the experiment published?
4. When was a naturally sterile male rice plant finally discovered? 5. How many square kilometres of rice fields were converted to growing vegetables? 6. Where was Yuan Longping’s rice exported?
Grammar-4. Observation (6ms) When will you use passive voice? Look! There’s nothing here. Everything has
不知道动作的执行者 been taken away.
不必提出动作的执行者 I was born in 1981. 强调动作的承受者 She is liked by everybody. 习惯用法 He is said to be a good teacher. 不确定动作的执行者 You’ll be contacted. 行文的需要
? Star War is acted by Harrison Ford.
Grammar-5. Observation (5ms) Do you know the tenses of the Xiao Wang, you are wanted in the office. passive voice of the following? I was invited to the concert.
? We hope that an agreement will be arrived at. ? He said that the bridge would be built next year. ? The party has been planned since the new year. ? The book had been sold out when I got there. ? Our class will have been taught by Miss Xie for one year.
? This question is being discussed at the meeting.
am / is / are + 过去分词 (p.p.) was / were + p.p.
现在进行时 过去进行时 现在完成时 过去完成时 过去将来时
shall / will + be + p.p.
am / is / are + being + p.p. was / were + being + p.p.
has / have + been + p.p.
had been + p.p. should / would + be + p.p.
Grammar-6.Observation (5ms) Are there any ? He told herdifferences a long story. between ? two She was told a long story. the groups of sentences?
? A long story was told to her. ? Mother bought me a new coat.
? I was bought a new coat. ? A new coat was bought for me. give, show, hand, send, pay, lend, pass, tell, write, bring, sell, offer, cause, wish, teach, buy等常有双宾 语,变被动态时应考虑加上介词for或to
Grammar-7. Observation (5ms) Can you out anything ? Thefind flowers smell sweet. special around ? The food tastes nice. the sentences below?
? ? ? ? ? That sounds very good. Silk feels soft. The cloth washes well. The poem reads smoothly. This kind of rice cooks more quickly than that kind. 系动词 + adj.:主动表被动 ? This book good. 某些和 well, sells easily等副词连用的不及物动词 , 如read,
wash, clean, cook, close, cost, lock, look, open, sell, write, wear, etc.
Grammar-8. Practice (9ms) 历 年高考题 1. – The window is dirty.
– I know. It _____ for weeks.
A. hasn’t cleaned C. wasn’t cleaned B. didn’t clean D. hasn’t been cleaned
2. Now that she is our of a job, Lucy _____ going back to school, but she hasn’t decided yet. A. had considered C. considered B. has been considering D. is going to consider
3. The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work for the Beijing Olympics _____ by 2006.
A. has been completed
C. will have been completed
B. has completed
D. will have completed
4. According to the art dealer, the painting _____ to go for at least a million dollars.
A. is expected
D. is expecting
5. -- What happened to the priceless works of art?
-- ________. A. They were destroyed in the earthquake B. The earthquake was destroying them C. They destroyed in the earthquake D. The earthquake destroyed them 6. -- The window is dirty.
-- I know. It _____ for weeks.
A. hasn’t cleaned B. didn’t clean
C. wasn’t cleaned
D. hasn’t been cleaned
7. When and where to go for the no-salary holiday _____ yet.
A. are not decided B. have not been decided
C. is not being decided A. will be built
C. has been built A. has been designed C. was designed
D. has not been decided B. is built
D. is being built B. had been designed D. would be designed
8. A new cinema ____ here. They hope to finish it next month.
9. The new suspension bridge ____ by the end of last month.
10. Hundreds of jobs ____ if the factory closes.
C. are lost
B. will be lost
D. will lose
11. Rainforests ____ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. A. cut B. are cut C. are being cut D. had been cut 12. The first use of atomic weapons was in 1945, and their power _____ increased enormously ever since.
C. has been
D. had been
1. Finish the related exercises on WB.
Module 4 Great Scientists Reading &Writing Speaking
Reading &Writing–1. Brainstorm (3ms) Do you know who is him?
When & where was he born? Why was he famous?
When did he discover /invent?
Reading &Writing–2. Vocabulary(3ms) Match the words in the box with the definitions.
? a person who has been attacked, injured or killed as a result of a crime, an accident, etc. victim
? to discover the cause of an illness or a problem diagnose ? a book that sells in very large numbers best-seller disease ? an illness
? the study of the origin and development of the cosmology universe creation ? the act of creating disability ? the state of being disabled
Reading &Writing–3. Numbering(5ms) Read the passage about Stephen Hawking and number the paragraphs in the correct order.
Reading &Writing–4. Numbering(5ms) Write the number of the paragraphs.
? This paragraph explains why Hawking is
famous. Paragraph 1( the third in the book)
? This paragraph talks about Hawking’s personal
Paragraph 2( the first in the book)
? This paragraph talks about Hawking’s scientific
career. Paragraph 3( the second in the book)
Reading &Writing–5. Discussion (4ms) Discuss with your group members .
Do you know how to write a biography of a famous person?
? Para. 1: the general evaluation of the person
? Para. 2: his or her childhood, education, earlier life
? Para. 3: his or her research, or important
positioning a certain field.
Reading &Writing–6. Writing (15ms) Write three short paragraph about Albert Einstein using the notes in Activity 4.
Begin like this: Albert Einstein was probably the most brilliant scientists of the twentieth century.
Reading &Writing – 7. Peer checking and rewriting (10ms) Read your writing to your partner. ?Are you clear what happen(4Wand H)writing Check and rewrite your ? Do you know the writer’s attitude and emotion? according to the following. Then ?Are there any good connecting words or phrases? share it with the whole class.
?Are there any good phrases or sentences? ?Are there any spelling mistakes?
Homework Go to the library or surf the Internet to collect
more information about the life of a famous scientist. Then complete a poster introducing him/ her to your classmates. Play attention to the questions like these:
? When and where was he born? ? Why was he famous? ? Where did he live and work? ? When did he discover/invent---?
Language Date Bank
?Language points for Reading
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1. He thought that the key to feeding people was to have more rice and to produce it more quickly.
the key to sth. / doing sth. ---的关键
e.g. 这就是考试失败的关键。 This is the key to failure in the exam. = This is the key to failing in the exam. 她获得成功的关键在于她的努力。 The key to her success is based on her efforts.
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2. He thought there was only one way to do this ---- by crossing different species of rice plant, …. (one) way to do sth. = (one)way of doing sth. That’s not a right way to solve the problem. I’m not happy with this way of working.
by crossing … 通过杂交的方式 Switch it by pressing this button. I will contact you by e-mail. species (singl. / pl.) 种,物种 There are many species of dogs.
3. First Yuan Longping experimented with different types of rice.
Language Date Bank
experiment: (V.)做实验 e.g. 有人认为用动物来做实验是很残忍的。 Some people think that it’s cruel to experiment on animals. e.g. 我不断尝试，直到找到合适的方法为止。 I experimented on and on until I found the right method. experiment: (n.) [c / u]实验；试验
do / perform / carry out an experiment 做/进行实验
Language Date Bank
4. This was the breakthrough. breakthrough: an important development that may lead to an agreement or achievement
make a breakthrough
a major breakthrough 有人说，这是癌症研究中的重要突破。 They say this is a major breakthrough in cancer research.
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5. 50 kilometres of rice fields were converted to growing vegetables and other cash crops.
= Rice fields were changed to grow vegetables and other cash crops. convert (sth) to / into sth: 把…转变成；转变， 改变 e.g. 那家工厂把铁转变成钢。
That factory converts iron into steel.
Language Date Bank
6. Following this, Yuan Longping’s rice was exported to other countries, such as ….
export: (V.) to sell and send goods to anther country 印度向许多国家出口茶叶和棉花。 出口，输出
India exports tea and cotton to many different countries.
90% of engines are exported to Europe.
export (n.) import (v. / n.) 出口贸易 石油的进口
export trade imports of oil
Language Date Bank – Fill in 在水稻种植界，中国科学家袁隆平是一位重要人士。 the blanks.
In rice-growing world, the Chinese scientist, Yuan Longping, is a _________ leading __________. figure
2. 袁隆平生长在中国。 Yuan Longping was born and _______ _______ brought up in China.
From an early age Yuan Longping _______ was ___________ _______ in plants. interested 4. 他想，养活世人的关键是更多更快地生产水稻。 He thought that ______ the _______ key ______ to feeding breeding.
He thought there was ______ the ______ only ______ way ______ to do this – ______ by crossing different species of rice plant.
were __________ brought _______ in from all over Researchers _______ China to ___________ develop the new system.
7. 由于袁隆平的发现，中国的水稻产量在20世纪90年代 增长了47.5%。
As _______ a ________ result _______ of Yuan Longping’s _______ discoveries Chinese rice production ________ rose _______ by 47.5 percent in the 1990’s.
Language Date Bank – Translations. 1. 他们请来专家讨论这个方案。 They’ve brought in experts to discuss the scheme. 2. 由于大坝的修建，湖面将上升63米。 As a result of the dam, the water level of the lake was going to rise by 63 metres. 3. 他是在乡下长大的。 He was brought up in the countryside. 4. 这位科学家通过不同的品种的杂交培植出一种新的水 稻。 The scientist developed a new kind of rice by crossing different species.
1. 很多人在那个森林中搜寻那个丢失的孩子。 Many people were searching the forest for the lost child.
The office has been converted into a meeting room.
These have become the leading topics of the hour.
They experimented with a new type of engines.