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Vocabulary 原文及翻译


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U1 Switzerland is well-known for its impressive mountainous scenery. 瑞士以其令人印象深 刻的山景而闻名。 Views 观点 Scenes 场景 Scenery 风景 Sights 风景

He has to arrange for the sale of his furniture before he goes aboard. 在他上船之前,他必须安排出售他的家具。 Sale 出售 Sole 唯一的 Seal 密封 Sail 帆

The bank robbers planned to escape in a stolen car 银行抢劫犯计划用偷来的汽车逃跑。 Thieves 小偷 Bandits 强盗 Burglars 窃贼 Robbers 强盗

My aunt wound a brightly-coloured thread round her finger so as not to forget her appointment 我婶婶用一根颜色鲜艳的线绕在她的手指上,以免忘记她的约会。 Wound 绕 Curved 弯曲

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Wounded 负伤 Bound 界

As the clouds drifted away an even higher peak became visible to the climbers. 随着云层飘走,登山者可以看到更高的山峰。 Conspicuous 引人注目的 Visible 可见 Obvious 明显的 Apparent 明显的

We have a grim future ahead with little comfort , food or hope. 我们前途渺茫,没有什么安慰、食物或希望。 Cruel 残酷的 Grim 严峻的 Pessimistic 悲观 Fierce 激烈的

Prices continued to rise while wages remained low with the result that the Government became increasingly unpopular. 物价继续上涨,而工资却保持在低水平,结果政府变得越来越不受欢迎。 On condition that 条件是 With the result that 结果 Provided that 前提是 On the chance that 机会

A historical novel is a form of fiction which may include many facts. 历史小说是一种可能包含许多事实的小说形式。

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Legend 传说 Fair-tale 童话 Fantasy 幻想 fiction 小说

They may almost flat and crawled through the tube like underground passage. 它们可能几乎是平的,爬过地铁,就像地下通道一样。 Crouched 蹲 Crawled 爬 Glided 滑翔 Scrambled 炒

High in the sky a flock of birds was flying southward. 高高的天空中,一群鸟向南飞。 Pack 包 Swarm 群 Flock 群 Crowd 人群

Part B I don’t see how I can stretch out the housekeeping to the end of the month. 我看不出我怎么能在月底做完家务。 Extend 扩展 Pull to its limits 拉到极限 Prolong 延长 Make sufficient to cover one’s needs 充分满足自己的需要。

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The pilot of the sailplane glided skillfully down to the landing field. 滑翔机的飞行员巧妙地滑行到着陆场。 Slid 滑 Glittered 闪闪发光 Lit 点燃 Glorified 荣耀

The milk you put in the saucer was quickly licked by the cat. 你放在碟子里的牛奶很快就被猫舔光了。 Fed up with 受够了 Obliged to 不得不 Lapped up 舔 Attached to 附加到

Many hospitals still isolate new-born babies from their mothers. 许多医院仍然将母亲的新生婴儿隔离出来。 Separate 分离 Suffer 遭受 Differ 不同 Stem 干

Mary is a conscientious student. She works very hard and is deferential to her teachers. 玛丽是一个认真的学生。 她很努力,对老师很恭敬。 Respectable 受人尊敬的 Respective 各自的

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Respected 受人尊敬的 Respectful 恭敬

She flashed out at Martin : ”Do you really believe that no one has any idea what’s in the wind?” 她在马丁面前大发雷霆 :“你真的相信没有人知道风里有什么吗?” Spoke with sudden anger 突然发怒 Appeared very quickly 出现得很快 Emitted a sudden light 发出突然的光 Flung aside 扔在一边

The horrid little creatures would crawl up my trouser leg. 那些可怕的小东西会爬上我的裤腿。 Create 创建 Creep on 蠕变 Crush 粉碎 Counsel 法律顾问

The policeman charged the motorist with speeding. 警察指控那个司机超速。 Occurred to 想到 Accused of 被指控犯罪 Presented with 提出 Accused with 被指控

The union can claim only a scattering of health service workers 工会只能要求一大批卫生服务人员

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Splash 溅 Sprinkle 一大批 ? Staff 员工 Stock 股票

The plant’s stem wound round the branches of the tree. 植物的茎缠绕在树枝上。 Climbed 爬到 Ran 跑 Wounded 受伤的 Curled 卷

U2 The Chinese first made contact with the western peoples about beginning of han dynasty 汉朝开始时,中国人首先接触了西方民族。 Our auditorium is capable of seating over three thousand people 我们的礼堂能容纳三千人。 Agreement made by the president with other countries is subject to the approval of the senate 总统与其他国家达成的协议须经参议院批准。 You don’t work fast enough ,you come in late everyday ,and you make too many mistakes ,In a word , you are useless. 你工作不够快,你每天都迟到,你犯了太多的错误,总之,你是没用的。 The small grocer was at the mercy of the people he owed money to. 那个小杂货商任凭他欠钱的人摆布。 You can trust him , as he knows his own business. 你可以信任他,因为他知道他自己的事。

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I have no use for people who squander their money and then expect others to help them. 我不需要挥霍钱财的人,他们希望别人帮助他们。 You can accept his statement without qualification. 你可以无条件接受他的声明。 Sympathy is the feeling characteristic of mankind . 同情心是人类特有的感情。 The old blacksmith’s stock in trade consisted of a forge ,anvil,hammers ,etc. 老铁匠的存货包括锻炉、铁砧、铁锤等。 The drifting ship appealed to the rescue team for help. 漂流船向救援队伍求救。呼吁 B Our income has got smaller,so we must be realistic and give up our car 我们的收入越来越少,所以我们必须现实一点,放弃我们的汽车。 Insensible 麻木不仁 Practical 现实的 Normal 正常的 Reciprocal 互惠 The capital was in a chaotic state after the enemy had seized the airport. 敌人占领机场后,首都一片混乱。 Disordered 无序 Chargeable Ordered 命令 Doubtful 怀疑 可充电的

The dictator brutally liquidated all opponents. 独裁者残酷地消灭了所有的反对者。

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Settled 定居 Repayed 偿还 Destroyed Ruined 毁了 摧毁了

Bad behavior is often a symptom of unhappiness. 不良行为往往是不快乐的症状。 Symbol 符号 Signal 信号 Sign 标志 Sight 视力

He united with himself the characteristics of two distinct persons. 他把自己与两个不同的人的特点联系在一起。 Qualities 气质 Attributes 属性 Styles 样式 Chaos 混沌

His extravagant habits soon exhausted all the money he had inherited. 他奢侈的习惯很快耗尽了他所有的钱。 Wasteful 浪费 Excessive 过多 Exaggerated 夸张的 Extinct 绝种

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The court has suspended judgement till next Monday 法院已经将判决延至下星期一 hung up 挂了电话 swung 摇摆 postponed 推迟了 sustained 持续的

it is a popular fallacy that success always brings happiness. 人们普遍误认为成功总是带来幸福。 Truism 老生常谈

Misconception 误解 Logic 逻辑 Fame 名誉 It was a rational plan and bound to successed. 这是一个合理的计划,一定会成功。 Reasonable 合理 Ripe 成熟 Raw 生的 Real 真实

U4 The Prince’s destiny was predetermined from the moment of his birth 王子的命运从他出生的那一刻起就注定了。 Predatory 掠夺性 Predetermined 预先确定的 Predominant 主要

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Prearranged 预先安排好的

They knew they had done something terribly wrong and lied to cover it up. 他们知道他们做了一件非常错误的事情,并且撒谎来掩盖事实。 Cover it up 掩盖事实 Carry it on 随身携带 Persist it in 坚持下去 Take it off 把它脱下来

I owed an acknowledgement to my uncle for his help in starting the business. 我感谢我叔叔帮助我开始这项生意。 Point 点 Instruction 指令 Acknowledgement 确认 Influence 影响

The selection process is based on rigorous tests of competence and experience. 选拔过程是基于对能力和经验的严格测试。 Unquestionable 毫无疑问的 Available 可用 Vigorous 充满活力的 rigorous 严格的

something that is diffuse is not directed towards one place but spread out over a large area. 扩散的东西不是指向一个地方而是扩散到一个大的区域。 Diffuse 传播

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Different 不同的 Differential 微分 Dubious 可疑的

His writing is so diffuse,obscure ,and overwrought that is difficult to make out what he is trying to say. 他的写作是如此的弥漫性、晦涩、过度,以至于很难弄清楚他想说什么。 Dubious 可疑的 Diffuse 传播 Indifferent 冷漠 Accurate 准确的

The speaker has an hour to expound his views to public 演讲者有一个小时的时间向公众阐述他的观点。 Mask 面具 Conform 符合 Expound 阐述 Point 点

Your performance was the highlight of the show 你的表演是这次演出的亮点。 Action 行动 Curriculum 课程 Framework 框架 highlight 亮点。

What unhappiness can spring from the love of money!

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对金钱的爱会带来什么不快乐! Spring from 源于 Take in 吸收 Add to 添加 Break down 分解

It is necessary to instill loft ideals into the minds of the youth. 把理想灌输到年轻人的头脑中是必要的。 Instill 灌输 Embed 嵌入 Embark 开始 Erode 侵蚀

He grudgingly acknowledged the truth of their statement. 他勉强承认了他们陈述的真实性。 Disclaimed 否认 Recognized 承认 Implemented 实现 Denied 否认

His engaging personality made him popular with his peers 他迷人的个性使他在同龄人中很受欢迎。 Fellows 同龄人 Noblemen 贵族 Doctors 医生 Publicans 收税人员

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The plan was well conceived , but it broke down because people were unwilling cooperate. 这个计划构思很好,但由于人们不愿合作而破裂。 Contributed to 导致了 Put forward to 提出 Failed in 失败了 Sprang from 源自

It would be futile to sustain his life when there is no chance of any improvement 如果没有任何改善的机会,维持他的生命是徒劳的。 Useless 无用的 Worthwhile 有价值的 Important 重要的 Fundamental 基本

The relativity theory is essentially made up of two parts : the restricited and the general relativity. 相对论基本上由两部分组成:狭义和广义相对论。 Usually 通常 Frequently 经常 Secondary 二次 Fundamentally 从根本上

He was a devoted scientist and made a through study of the plants in the area. 他是一位热心的科学家,并对该地区的植物进行了深入的研究。 Vigorous 蓬勃

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Rigorous 严格 Harsh 苛刻 Prompt 提示

Delegates accused them of trying to evade responsibility for the failure of the past five years 代表们指责他们试图逃避对过去五年失败的责任 Take 采取 Skip 跳跃 Avoid 逃避 Find 找

He gave explicit instruction not to be disturbed. 他明确的指示不要被打扰。 Clearly expressed 明确表示 Vaguely stated 依稀地说 Unfriendly 不友好 Helpful 有帮助

I claim that your last argument was a diversion to make us forget the main point. 我认为你最后的论点是为了让我们分散注意力以忘记要点。 Pastime 消遣 Distraction 分散注意力 Practical joke 恶作剧 Harmless trick 无害的技巧

He lay still in the bed and seemed very detached from what was going on.

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他一动不动地躺在床上,似乎对正在发生的事很漠然。 Interested in 感兴趣 Hostile to 敌视 Indifferent to 不关心 Afraid to 害怕

U7 Margaret Mead’s reputation was established with the publication of her first book in 1928 and was enhanced by her many subsequent contributions to anthropology. 玛格丽特·米德的名声是在 1928 年她的第一本书出版后建立起来的,后来随着她对人类学 的许多贡献而得到加强。 Obscured 遮蔽 Enhanced 增强 Restored 恢复 Entranced 欣喜若狂

The process of respiration consists of two independent actions , inhaling and exhaling. 呼吸的过程包括两个独立的动作,吸入和呼出。 Speaking Eating 吃 Drinking 喝 Respiration 呼吸 说话

A burning match applied to paper will make it ignite. 纸上燃着的火柴会点燃它。 Heat 热

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Ignite 点燃

Disintegrate 分解 Glow 发光

The old man cherished the little girl as if she were his daughter. 老人很珍惜这个小女孩,就像她是他的女儿一样。 Admired 欣赏 Cherished 珍惜 Appreciated 欣赏 Enjoyed 喜欢 Only those distinguished in their respective fields participate in this conference. 只有那些在各自领域杰出的人才参加这次会议。 Successful 成功 Distinguished 杰出的 Respectable 可敬 Intelligent 智能 Don’t minimize the value of her piano playing just because you are jealous. 不要因为嫉妒就贬低她弹钢琴的价值。 Overestimate 高估 Evaluate 评估 Minimize 最小化 Praise 赞美 It is now universally accepted that smoking influences health. 现在普遍认为吸烟影响健康。 Effects 影响

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Affects 影响 Concerns 担忧 Influences 影响 This is the actual piano on which the composer created some of his greatest works. 这是实际的钢琴,作曲家创作了一些他最伟大的作品。 Actual 实际 Real 真正的 Genuine 真正的 Original 原始 The floods did not start to recede until two days after the rain had stopped. 洪水直到雨停两天后才开始消退。 Retire 退休 Recede 退去 Retreat 撤退 Depart 离开 Publishing has been under constant scrutiny for the last few years 在过去的几年里,出版业一直受到严格的审查。 Pressure 压力 Examination 检查 Revision 修订 Counterattack 反击

The punishment should reflect the severity of the crime. 惩罚应反映犯罪的严重程度。 Purpose 目的

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Location 位置 Seriousness 严重性 Degree 程度 How do you account for his failure 你如何解释他的失败? Explain 解释 Think of 想到的 ?

Figure up 图了 Consider 考虑 Large passenger planes often carry weather instruments with which to forecast storms. 大型客机经常携带气象仪器来预报风暴。 Impede 阻止 Divert 转移 Diagram 图 Predict 预测 After hearing the evidence , the verdict of the jury was not guilty. 在听取了证据之后,陪审团的裁决是无罪的。 Decision 决定 Discovery 发现 Sentence 句子 Cross-examination 盘问 After overcoming a number of worthy opponents,boxer Joe Louis announced his retirement in 1949 as world heavy-weight boxing champion. 在战胜了一些有价值的对手之后,拳击手乔·路易斯在 1949 年宣布退役,成为世界重量级 拳击冠军。 Denouncing 谴责

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Consulting 咨询

Defeating 击败 Refusing 拒绝 The man’s dismal attitude is contagious. 人消沉的态度是会传染的。 Belligerent 好战的 Melancholy 忧郁的 Amicable 友好的 Cheerful 快乐的 Located in Washington D.C. the library of Congress contains an imposing array of books on every conceivable subject. 国会图书馆位于华盛顿特区,每一个主题都包含一系列精美的书籍。 History 历史 Catalog 目录 Shelf 架 Collection 采集,集合

She was thrilled at the invitation 她很高兴应邀 very much delighted at driven mad by very thankful for 发疯 非常感谢 太多的失望 非常高兴

much disappointed at

Annie was caught up in a powerful , affirmative atmosphere. 安妮被强大的,肯定的气氛所吸引。

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Trapped in 被困在 完全参与

Completely involved in Taken in by 采取 Preoccupied by 全神贯注

The story of Peter pan is so fascinating that all the children like it . 彼得潘的故事非常迷人,所有的孩子都喜欢它。 Interesting 有趣 Adventurous 爱冒险的 Entrancing 令人着迷 Extraordinary 非凡 It’s no use citing the Bible to someone who doesn’t believe in God. 对不信上帝的人引用圣经是没用的。 Quoting 引用

Adding 添加 Collecting 收集 Selecting 选择 Take an ample supply of food,for we shall be gone all day. 要吃足量的食物,因为我们要走一整天。 A constant 常数

An abundant 丰富的 A limited 一个有限的 An inadequate 一个不足

Regular use of this cream will help to relieve the rough,dry condition of your skin 经常使用这种面霜有助于缓解皮肤粗糙、干燥的状况。

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Abbreviate 缩写 Evaporate 蒸发 Alleviate 缓解 Associate 关联

Secrecy is vital to the success of the scheme 保密是该计划成功的关键 important 重要 specific 具体 useful 有用 trivial 不重要的

This patient required urgent treatment. 这个病人需要紧急治疗。 Nursing 看护 Training 训练 Operation 手术 Medical care 医疗

Literature enlightens us in a different way from science. 文学以一种不同于科学的方式启发我们。 Presents 礼物 Bewilders 刁难 Inspires 激发 Puzzles 谜题

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The delinquents were retarded by their negative outlook on life. 他们对生活的消极态度阻碍了他们的发展。 Religious 宗教 Self-pitying 自我怜悯的

Pessimistic 悲观 Optimistic 乐观

Failure to express emotions may actually causes illness. 不表达情感可能会导致疾病。 Troubles 故障 Pains 辛劳 Movements 运动 Feelings 情怀

U9 The library discarded all its old magazines. 图书馆丢弃了所有旧杂志。 Discarded 被丢弃的 Sold 出售 Protected 受保护的 Repaired 修理

Duke Ellington’s clever orchestration techniques made him perhaps the most remarkable artist that jazz has produced 艾灵顿公爵巧妙的管弦乐技巧使他成为爵士最杰出的艺术家。 Intricate 错综复杂的 Melodious 旋律优美的

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Lyrical 抒情 Clever 聪明的

During the late 1860’s thirty-three whaling ships were trapped in an ice floe off Alaska and had to be abandoned. 在 19 世纪 60 年代晚期,33 艘捕鲸船被困在阿拉斯加的浮冰中,不得不被遗弃。 Overturned 推翻了 Protection 保护 Towed 拖 Abandoned 被遗弃的

Shellac Varnish is purified lac that is secreted by scale insects. 紫胶漆是纯化的紫胶,由分子昆虫分泌。 Purified 净化的 Starchy 淀粉 Resilent 弹性 Virtuous 良性

Chemically pure iron has relatively few commercial uses. 化学纯铁的商业用途相对较少。 Unrefined 未经提炼的 Pure 纯 Clear 清晰的 Stable 稳定的

Cathod emits electrons in a controlled environment. 在一个受控的环境中,阴极释放出电子。

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Submits 提交 Emits 发出 Rejects 拒绝 Passes 通过

Do you think that the government will able to eliminate poverty 你认为政府能消除贫困吗? Accept 接受 Eliminate 消除 Admit 承认 Elude 躲避

It is primarily outer electrons that determine the chemical properties of the atom. 它主要是外层电子,决定了原子的化学性质。 Describe 描述 Depend on 取决于 Determine 确定 Focus on 专注于

Unless checked ,insects can multiply very rapidly when conditions are in their favour 除非被检查,在条件有利的情况下,昆虫可以迅速繁殖。 Injured 受伤的 Checked 检查 Marked 标志着 Inspected 检查

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Before the snowmobile was invented , Alcutians in laska traveled by water in the kayaks when the snow was not firm enough for sleds. 在雪地摩托被发明之前,拉斯卡的阿尔库提亚人(Alcutians)在冰雪不够坚固的雪橇上乘 坐皮划艇行驶。 Deep 深 Firm 牢固 White 白色 Bright 亮 B In the early 1800’s , the Shawnee Chief Tecumseh worked hard to preserve the conventional values of Shawnee life. 在 19 世纪初,肖尼族的酋长 Tecumseh 努力维护萧尼人的传统价值观。 Control 控制 Enlarge 扩大 Copy 复制 Save 保存

In perfect rhyme,the stressed vowel and the following sounds are repeated exactly. 在完美的押韵中,重读的元音和以下的发音是完全重复的。 Accented 重音 Recurrent 复发性 Final 最后 Voiced 语音

You must sniff this lovely perfume before you compare it with the others. 你必须嗅闻这个可爱的香水,然后再与其他人比较。 Guess 猜测

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Smell 闻 Assure 保证 Expect 期望

Food consumes more of the average citizen’s budget this year. 今年,食品消耗了更多的普通公民的预算。 Touches on 涉及 Puts down 放下 Takes up 占用 Consists of 由组成

That company can manufacture 7000 cars in one day. Produce Sell 卖 Turn in 进来 Turn down 驳回 生产

Ceramics are generally made from silicates , clays that form the Earth’s crust and exist in nearly endless supply. 陶瓷通常由硅酸盐制成,粘土构成地壳存在于几乎无穷无尽的供应。 Measurable 可衡量的 Limitless 无限的 Worthless 一文不值 Infinitesimal 无穷小

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Although the work needs to be done more exhaustively , efforts have been made to collect the songs and ballads of the American Revolution. 尽管这项工作需要做得更彻底,但我们还是努力收集美国革命的歌曲和民谣。 Precisely 精确的 Selectively 有选择性地 Frantically 疯狂地 Thoroughly 彻底

We found hundreds of phonograph records that were worn out. 我们发现了数百个已经磨损的唱片记录。 Old-fashioned 老式的 No longer usable 不再可用 For display only 只显示

Well known 众所周知

The store dispose the jewelry in an attractive display. 商店将珠宝放置在一个有吸引力的展示中。 Locked 锁定 Arrayed 摆着 Lodged 提交 Filled 填充

My bicycle is rusty because I left it out in the rain. 我的自行车生锈了,因为我把它忘在雨里了。 Oxidized 氧化 Stolen 被盗

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Soaked 浸泡 Dripping 滴水

Why do you want to throw away those books 你为什么要扔掉那些书呢? Imitate 模拟 Discuss 讨论 Extract 提取 Discard 丢弃

She stacked the dishes in the sink because there was no water. 由于没有水,她把碗堆放在水槽里。 Broke 打破了 Merged 合并后的 Piled 堆 Loaded 加载

Vicious animals must be kept in cages 邪恶的动物必须关在笼子里。 Violent 暴力 Pet 宠物 Extinct 已经灭绝的 Unusual 不寻常的

Water changes the face of the earth as it moves through its great cycle. 水通过它的循环改变地球的面貌。

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Trek 长途跋涉 Flow 流 Sequence 序列 Passage 通道

John and I worked together in harmony for years. 约翰和我一起和睦相处多年。 Enmity 敌意 Fellowship 奖学金 Contention 争用 Happiness 幸福

Ice can be used to keep food from spoiling. 冰可以用来防止食物变质。 Rotting 腐烂的 Aging 老化 Toughening 增韧 Evaporating 蒸发

She stumbled and hurt herself. 她绊了一下,伤了自己。 Cried out 哀求 Tripped 绊了一下 Exaggerated 夸张的 Became sick 生病

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The delivery boy dumped the groceries on the back porch. 送货员把食品杂货扔在后面的门廊上。 Stored 存储 Sold 出售 Unloaded 卸载 Piled 堆

Boys clubs do not deprive poor children of the opportunity to participate in sports. 男孩俱乐部不剥夺贫困儿童参加体育的机会。 Deny 否认 Retract 收回 Improvise 即兴创作 Dilute 稀释

Fortunately , no one was hurt when the box containing the gunpowder exploded. 幸运的是,当装有火药的盒子爆炸时,没有人受伤。 Blew up 炸毁了 Blew off 吹掉 Blew out 吹灭了 Blew over 吹过

U11

She opened the door in response to the knock. 她打开门以回应敲门的声音。 In response to 为了应对

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Because 因为 Respond 回应 In response 在回应

Your argument rests on a statement that can’t be proved. 你的论点建立在无法证实的陈述上。 Rests with 取决于 Goes with 伴随着

Rests on 建立在 Stands on 站在

Let’s get to the core of the matter. 让我们谈谈这件事的核心。 Surface 表面 Core 核心 Meaning 意义 Bottom 底

The fireman displayed great courage in saving the child. 那位消防队员在抢救孩子时表现出极大的勇气。 Played 玩 Hoped 希望 Wished 希望 Displayed 显示

This new evidence confirms my opinion that they are lying.

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新的证据证实了我的观点,即他们在撒谎。 Shows 显示 Makes 使 Confirms 证实了 Denies 否认

The little boy always lags behind. 这个小男孩总是落在后面。 Lags 滞后 Legs 腿 Draws 吸引了 Pulls 拉

The speculator’s greed has left several small investors penniless. 投机者的贪婪使几个小投资者身无分文。 Generosity 慷慨 Greed 贪婪 Need 需要 Help 帮助

The curtains opened , to reveal darkened stage. 幕布拉开,露出黑暗的舞台。 Make 使 Release 释放 Reveal 揭示 Rise 上升

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It’s no wonder you’ve got a headache when you drank so much last night. 难怪你昨晚喝得这么多,头疼得厉害。 No wonder 难怪 Strange 奇怪的 Surprised 惊讶 Wondering 想知道

Defeat after defeat filled us with despair. 一次次的失败使我们充满了绝望。 Courage 勇气 Power 权力 Despair 绝望 Delight 高兴的是

Part B Becoming president is his ultimate goal. 成为总统是他的最终目标。 First 第一个 Final 最后 Lowest 最低 Least 至少

The country at large is hoping for great changes 这个国家正期待着巨大的变化。 As a whole 作为一个整体

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This is large 这是大的 Uncontrolled 不受控制的 Under control 控制

I detest looking at snakes 我讨厌看蛇。 Like 就像 Dislike 不喜欢 Enjoy 享受 Avoid 避免

The play has a serious message 这个剧本有一个严肃的主题 Word 字 News 新闻 Theme 主题 Problem 问题

The new owners transformed the old house into a showplace. 新的业主把老房子变成了一个名胜。 Changed 变 Restored 恢复 Repaired 修复 Decorated 装饰

He feels great affection for his parents.

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他感觉对父母很好。 Influence 影响 Effect 影响 Love 爱 Sorry 抱歉

The nurse had great compassion for her patients. 护士对病人非常同情。 Sympathy 同情 Indifference 漠不关心 Influence 影响 Cold-heartedness 冷心肠

The men clustered together for warmth. 男人聚集在一起温暖。 Gathered 云集 Scattered 疏散 Walked 走着走着 Worked 工作

The applause made it evident that the play was a hit 掌声明显地表明这出戏很受欢迎。 Accident 事故 Obvious 明显的 Uncertain 不确定的 Doubtful 怀疑

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The old fisherman leads a solitary life. 老渔夫过着孤独的生活。 Hard 硬 Miserable 悲惨的 Lonely 孤独的 Happy 快乐

The survivor of the plane crash had to forage for something to eat. 飞机失事的幸存者不得不搜寻食物。 Search 搜索 Long 长 Expect 预计 Ask 问

The police are looking for a woman who deserted her children. 警察正在寻找一个遗弃她孩子的妇女。 Looked for 寻找 Abandoned 被遗弃的 Disliked 不喜欢 Fed 养

It was mean of you not to let the children play in the snow 你不让孩子们在雪地里玩耍,这太不友善了。 Unkind 不友善的 Warmhearted 热心肠的

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Friendly 友好的 Wise 明智的

The sight of blood is repellent to some people. 对某些人来说,血是令人讨厌的。 Excellent 优秀的

Disgusting 恶心的 Compelling 引人注目的 Exciting 令人兴奋的

The blind-folded prisoner could sense the breeze on his skin. 那个被蒙蔽的囚犯能感觉到他皮肤上的微风。 Have 有 Feel 感觉 Detect 检测 Test 测试

The essence of his long speech was that we must all work harder. 他长篇大论的本质是我们必须更加努力工作。 Importance 重要性 Nature 自然 Purpose 目的 Consequence 结果

Children like to wear bizarre costumes at Halloween. 孩子们喜欢在万圣节穿奇装异服。

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Strange 奇怪的 Big 大 Colorful 色彩斑斓的 New 新

The doctor was unremitting in his attention to the case. 医生对这个病例的注意是坚持不懈的。 Careless 粗心 Unceasing 不断 Impatient 不耐烦 Unthinking 没头没脑

I couldn’t sleep because the baby wouldn’t stop bawling. 我睡不着,因为宝宝不停地哭。 Talking 会说话的 Crying 哭 Eating 吃 Playing 玩

A white flag signifies surrender. 白旗表示投降。 Means 意味着 Wants 希望 Refuses 拒绝 Accepts 接受

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U13 Exchange programs open up new vistas for students 交流项目为学生开辟了新的前景。 Versions 版本 Visas 签证 Vistas 视图 Standpoints 观点

It’s vital not to skimp on staff training. 不要吝啬员工培训。 Skimp 吝啬 Insist 坚持 Try 试一试 Rely 依赖

He had only the vaguest notion of what it was all about. 他对这一切究竟是怎么回事,一无所知。 Notion 概念 Proposal 建议 Expectation 期望 Compliant 兼容的

A computer is indispensable to many writers. 计算机是许多作家不可缺少的。 Indifferent 冷漠 Indescribable 难以形容的

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Insufficient 不足 Indispensable 不可缺少的

He declared that he had a terrible piece of news to impart 他宣布他有一则可怕的消息要告诉他。 Detach 分离 Conceal 隐藏 Converge 收敛 Impart 传授

She considered herself always in the right , and sneered at anybody’s suggestion. 她认为自己总是对的,并对任何人的建议嗤之以鼻。 Skimped 吝啬 Sent down 发送了 Sneered at 嘲笑 Submitted to 提交给

My publisher tells me that many subscribers are asking for their money back because of the delay of the book. 我的出版商告诉我,由于这本书的延迟,许多订阅者都要求退还他们的钱。 Donators 捐赠者 Customers 客户 Purchasers 购买者 Subscribers 订购者

Be careful ! The floor is very slippery 小心!地板很滑

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Greasy 腻 Delicate 精巧 Slippery 滑 Unsteady 非固定

I’ve never even contemplated leaving my job. 我甚至从来没有打算离开我的工作。 Contemplated 考虑 Decided 决定 Planned 计划 Contended 争鸣 He copied the words which followed with exactitude 他把后面跟着的单词抄下来。 Faith 信仰 Exactitude 精确搜索 Obscurity 朦胧 Reverence 尊敬

The money lender proposed that they let providence decide the matter. 放债人建议他们让天意决定这件事。 Providence 普罗维登斯 Evidence 证据 Wisdom 智慧 Strategy 战略

The economy is showing signs of faltering.

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经济正显示出衰退的迹象。 Halting 停止 Overflowing 满溢的 Outbreaking 暴发 Faltering 摇摇欲坠的

The two streams converge here to form a river 这两条小溪汇合成一条河。 Flow 流 Converge 收敛 Separate 单独的 Convert 转换

We were born into a glorious tradition inherited from the past 我们生来就继承了过去遗留下来的光荣传统。 Inherited 继承了 Indebted 负债 Presumed 假定 Profited 获利

Most people will not acknowledge the justice of the cause. 大多数人不会承认正义的原因。 Assume 假设 Contradict 矛盾 Acknowledge 承认 Entrust 委托

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The entire area looked like a gigantic rubbish heap. 整个地区看起来像一个巨大的垃圾堆。 Fertile 肥沃的 Impressive 令人印象深刻的 Striking 引人注目的 Gigantic 巨大的

The work proved to be unexpectedly arduous ;we all felt exhausted after finishing it. 这工作出乎意料地艰巨,做完后我们都感到筋疲力尽。 Appreciative 感激的 Underestimated 低估了 Arduous 艰巨的 Meaningful 有意义的

He was present in his triple role of school manager,church warden and donor 他在学校经理、教会执事和捐赠人的三重角色中出现。 Dedicated 专用的 Providential 幸运的 Triple 三倍 Religious 宗教

Our customers should always receive courteous treatment 我们的顾客应该永远受到礼遇。 Gracious 亲切的 Deliberate 深思熟虑的

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Pathetic 可怜的 Courteous 有礼貌

U14 He was generally supposed to have left the country. 人们普遍认为他已经离开了这个国家。 Supposed 应该 Supposing 假设 Trusted 受信任的 Suppressed 抑制

His appeal for forgiveness went unanswered. 他对宽恕的呼吁没有得到回应。 Application 应用 Order 订购 Appeal 上诉 appetite 食欲

the accident was caused by an error of judgment on the part of the pilot. 事故是由于飞行员的判断失误造成的。 An error 一个错误 Possibility 可能性 The quality 质量 The chance 机会

I’m trying to get in touch with my brother,he emigrated to Australia.

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我正试图与我的兄弟取得联系,他移居澳大利亚。 Trouble 麻烦 Hatred 仇恨 Touch 触摸 Feeling 感觉

He won his position by sheer ability. 他以绝对的能力赢得了他的职位。 One 一个 Sheer 纯粹的 Showing 显示 All 所有

She beat me at tennis. 她打网球赢了我。 hit 打击 Beat 击败 Blow 打击 Competed 竞争

The bus stopped at an obscure little town 公共汽车停在一个偏僻的小镇上。 An obscure 偏僻 A nature 自然 A pure 一个纯粹的 An object 一个东西

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He changed his pounds for the equivalent amount in dollars. 他用美元换了等值的英镑。 Similar 类似 About 大约 Equivalent 等量 Total 总计

He has a knack of making friends wherever he goes. 他在任何地方都有交朋友的诀窍。 Knack 诀窍 Knot 结 Knob 把手 Nack 纳

We had to fight :there was no alternative 我们不得不战斗:别无选择。 Way 的方式 Alternative 替代 Path 路径 Method 方法

It was such as simple plan,how could you have screwed it up? 这是一个简单的计划,你怎么可能搞砸了呢? Made 使 Destroyed 摧毁了

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Screwed 搞砸了 Put 把

They based their estimate on the figures for the last three years 他们根据过去三年的数据估算。 On With By Through

He has an amiable personality. 他是个和蔼可亲的人。 A strong 一个强大的 Amenable 有义务的 An amiable 和蔼可亲的 An amissable ???

They settled their quarrel in a friendly way 他们以友好的方式解决了争吵。 Set 集 Settled 解决 Made 使 Performed 执行

Each person’s fingerprints are unique. 每个人的指纹都是独一无二的。 Unique 独特的

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A unit 一个单元 United 联合的 Universal 普遍

In a group as big as this , you are bound to get occasional disagreements. 在这样大的团体中,你肯定会偶尔发生分歧。 Are bound to get 必然得到 Bound to get 必须得到 Are bound to getting 必将得到 Bound to getting 必须得到

It’s just a routine medical examination , nothing to get worried about 这只是例行的体格检查,没什么可担心的。 Rule 规则 Routine 例程 Route 路线 rout 溃败

His room was a jumble of clothes,newspapers ,and soda bottles. 他的房间乱七八糟地堆放着衣服、报纸和饮料瓶。 Junction 结 Jumble 杂乱的一堆 Place 的地方 Shelter 避难所

He’s too clumsy to be a good dancer

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他太笨了,不能当个好舞蹈家。 Handsome 英俊的 Old 老 Clumsy 笨手笨脚 Dull 无趣的

He mimicked the vocal styles of serveral famous singers 他模仿了几位著名歌手的演唱风格。 Mimicked 模仿 Mistook 误以为 Composed 组成 Suggested 建议 People were standing in a cluster at the bus stop 人们站在公共汽车站的一个集群里。 Mass 群 Club 俱乐部 Small house 小房子 Place 的地方

We heard a flawless rendition of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony 我们听到了贝多芬第九交响曲的完美演绎。 Meaningless 毫无意义的 Careless 粗心的 Faultless 完美的 Flavorless 无味

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The boy winced when his father raised his hand to spank him 当他父亲举起手来打他时,这个男孩退缩了。 Went foreward 进取 Drew back 后退 Cried 哭了 Laughed 笑了

Father likes to take random walks round and about the town 父亲喜欢随意地在镇上四处走动。 Aimless 漫无目的的 Long 长 Meaningful 有意义的 Far 远

He seemed completely stunned by the jury’s verdict of guilty. 他似乎完全被陪审团的有罪判决惊呆了。 Moved 移动 Pleased 很高兴 Shocked 震惊了 Disturbed 打扰

Father made all the crucial decisions in our family. 父亲在我们家做了所有重要的决定。 Cruel 残酷的 Decisive 决定性的 Reasonable 合理的

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Unreasonable 不合理的

The rescuer snatched the boy out of the sea. 救援者把那个男孩从海里救了出来。 Swimmed 游泳 Drove 驱使 Seized 抓住了 Shouted 喊

The senate debated whether the new highway should be built or not. 参议院讨论新公路是否应该修建。 Dicussed 讨论 Talked 交谈 Decided 决定 Argued 认为

He has a faculty for putting people at ease 他有使人放松的能力。 Fault 的错 Mistake 错误 Capability 能力 hope 希望

a natural bent for music is just one of her endowments 天生爱好音乐只是她的天赋之一。

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entertainments 娱乐 intersts 爱好 activities 活动 gifts 天赋

U16 The motorway is literally seconds away from our house. 高速公路离我们家还有几秒钟的路程。 Liberally 随心所欲地 Efficiently 有效地 Reasonably 合理的 Literally 字面上的

The 1960s was a period when greater opportunities were open to women 20 世纪 60 年代是女性获得更多机会的时期。 Prone to 容易 Open to 开放 Reduced to 减少到 Up to 到

She had extraordinary flame-coloured hair which made her stand out in a crowd. 她有一种特别的火红头发,使她在人群中显得很突出。 By 站在 Against 反对 For 代表 Out 脱颖而出

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He decided that there was no rush for him to declare his own candidacy 他决定不急于宣布自己的候选人资格。 Shake 摇 Clap 鼓掌 Rush 急于 Crash 崩溃

The local administration has also come in for criticism over allegations of corruption 当地政府也因腐败指控而受到批评。 Over 在 From 从 With 与 By 通过

The strain of his hectic schedule has left him extremely tired 紧张的日程安排使他疲惫不堪。 Dynamic 动态 Archaic 古老的 Hectic 忙碌的 Drastic 激烈的

the speculation,backed up by some suggestive evidence , came from an American scientist 这一推测是由一位美国科学家提出的,并得到了一些有启发性的证据的支持。 Summed up 总结 Backed up 备份

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Added up 加起来 Put up 放上

All efforts to bring about more humanity and justice in society had come to nothing 所有为社会带来更多人性和正义的努力都白费了。 Human 人类 Humane 人道的 Humanity 人性 Mankind 人类

She was perturbed about a rash which had come out on her face 她对她脸上出现的皮疹感到不安 pleased 满意 pampered 养尊处优的 perturbed 忐忑 plodded 沉重缓慢地走

The new mayor was facing the twin problems of serious overcrowding and archaic conditions in industry 新市长面临着严重的过度拥挤和工业陈旧的双重问题。 Archaic 古老的 Rushed 冲 Uncivilized 野蛮 Exhausting 辛苦

Several birds turned their heads sharply at the sound. 几只鸟在声音中急速地转过头。

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Suddenly 突然 Swiftly 迅速 Unexpectedly 出乎意料地 Angrily 愤怒地

He didn’t even have the guts to tell me to my face. 他甚至没有勇气当面告诉我。 Skills 技能 Preparation 准备 Bravery 勇敢 Power 权力

They were appalled and outraged that the murderer was released on bail 他们对那个杀人犯被保释而感到震惊和愤慨。 Irritated 恼怒的 Discouraged 气馁 Shocked 震惊了 Horrified 吓坏了

It’s less likely that he will ever be allowed back to his homeland , even on compassionate grounds 即使是出于同情的理由,他也不太可能被允许回到他的祖国。 On condition 条件 On assumption 在假设 For reason 原因 In sense 从某种意义上说

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There are still some outdated prejudices lurking in the minds of individuals 在个人的头脑中仍潜藏着一些过时的偏见。 Existing 现有的 Remaining 剩下的 Emerging 新兴 Hiding 隐藏

She said it did not help for foreign leaders to badger the United States into action. 她说这并不能帮助外国领导人遏制美国的行动。 Bother 烦 Urge 敦促 Rush 赶 Hinder 阻碍

The prime minister is violently opposed to all aspects of the plan 总理对计划的各个方面都表示强烈反对 Brutally 粗暴地 Excessively 过分地 Outrageously 悍然 Strongly 非常

The villagers hold them in awe and think of them as gods 村民们敬畏他们,把他们当作神 Astonishment 惊愕 Suspicion 怀疑

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Gratitude 感谢 Respect 尊重

He made manful efforts to move the heavy furniture. 他做了大量的努力来搬运沉重的家具。 Stolid 感觉迟钝的 Hectic 忙碌 Covert 隐蔽 Brave 勇敢

They continue to preach their gospel of self-reliance 他们继续宣扬他们的自力更生的信条。 Religion 宗教 Creed 信条 Glorification 赞颂 Testimony 证词

U18 It is characterized as one of the greatest pieces of engineering work in the world 它被认为是世界上最伟大的工程作品之一。 Characterized 特征 Characteristic 特征 Classic 经典 Clarified 澄清

One can’t genuinely appreciate a holiday without working hard for some time.

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一个人如果不努力工作一段时间,就无法真正体会到假期的乐趣。 Thank 谢谢 Value 价值 Appreciate 欣赏 Congratulate 祝贺

These proofs of kindness and generous feeling will forever be cherished in my memory. 这些善意和慷慨的感觉将永远珍藏在我的记忆中。 Loved 喜爱 Liked 喜欢 Cheered 欢呼 Cherished 珍惜

The peasants were firmly convinced that they were rightful owners of the lands 农民坚信他们是土地的合法主人 Known 已知 Convinced 深信 Conceived 设想 Consented 同意

She revealed the fact to us without realizing its importance. 她向我们揭示了这个事实,却没有意识到它的重要性。 Revealed 揭密 Proved 证实 Denoted 记 Detected 检测

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I cannot afford to buy a silver watch , not to speak of a gold one . 我买不起一块银色的手表,而不是说一个金的手表。 Speak with 和...说话 Speak of 说到 Speak upon 说话 Speak in 说话

The contract specifies red tiles,not slates , for the roof. 合同规定了屋顶的红色瓷砖,而不是石板。 Tells 告诉 Shows 展会 Specifies 指定 Describes 介绍

Seeing he was embarrassed with his luggage , I offered to help him. 看到他为自己的行李感到局促不安,我提出要帮助他。 Embarrassed 不好意思 Shameful 可耻的 Overcome 克服 Met 见过

The high school put much emphasis on studies that prepare its students for college 高中非常重视为学生准备上大学的学习 Emphasis 重点 Force 力

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Energy 能源 Effort 功夫

China stretches across a vast area covering the cold , temperate and tropical zones 中国跨越广阔的寒冷,温带和热带地区 Extends 扩展 Stretches 延伸 Expands 扩展 Reaches 到达

He found an enemy worthy of his sword. 他发现敌人配得上他的剑。 Worthy 有价值的 Worth 价值 Strong 强大的 Stiff 僵硬的

Keats’ reputation as a poet rests largely upon the odes and the later sonnets 济慈作为一个诗人的声誉很大程度上依赖于颂歌和后来的十四行诗。 Sticks to 坚持 Rests upon 依赖于 Takes effort 需要努力 Devotes to 致力于

Illness forced Mrs. Smith to deny herself to all callers 疾病迫使史密斯太太拒绝所有打电话的人。

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Strive 努力 Invite 邀请 Deny 拒绝 Yield 收益率

They all look incredulous when the young man said that he could get their factory to make a profit within three weeks. 当那个年轻人说他可以在三周内让他们的工厂赚到钱时,他们看起来都怀疑。 Unbelieving 不相信的 Unbelievable 令人难以置信的 Incredible 难以置信 Incredulous 怀疑的

The loss of some of his faculties did not stop him from being a useful member of society. 失去他的一些能力并不能阻止他成为一个有用的社会成员。 Abilities 能力 Faculties 能力 Capacities 能力 Capabilities 功能

These are very practical people. Only facts can convince them of the superiority of the new method. 这些人非常实际。只有事实才能使他们相信新方法的优越性。 Convince 说服 Persuade 说服 Assure 保证 Convict 罪犯

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You can’t write off his contributions with a stroke of the pen. That’s unfair. 你不能用笔的笔触把他的贡献注销掉。 这不公平。 Strike 罢工 Check 检查 Stain 弄脏 Stroke 行程

From the start , the plan was destined to fail 从一开始,这个计划注定要失败。 Determined 确定 Doomed 注定 Destined 注定 Secured 担保

There was a profuse(丰富的) crop of hair impending over the top of his face 在他的脸上,有一大片浓密的毛发。 Impending 即将到来的 Intervening 干预 Impenetrable 费解的 Immune 免疫的

They are prepared to receive tenders for the supply of steel 他们准备接受钢铁供应的投标。 Tenders 投标 Tenants 租户

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Themes 主题 Factories 工厂 Part B The match was almost over when we arrived 我们到达时,比赛几乎已经结束了。 Nothing but 除了 All but 除了 Everything but 除了 Anything but 除了

I don’t think about my old home, only now and then 我只是偶尔想起我的老家。 At present 目前 In the past 在过去 At times 有时 During that time 在这段时间里

The world’s main religions all teach us to have compassion for the poor,the hungry , and those in need 世界上的主要宗教都教导我们要同情穷人、饥饿者和有需要的人。 Sympathy 同情 Love 爱 Support 支持 Help 帮助

Many people disliked the plan , but opposition remained dormant because nobody could think of a better one

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许多人不喜欢这个计划,但是反对派仍然处于不活跃的状态,因为没有人能想到更好的计 划 Sleeping 睡眠 Asleep 睡着 Sleepy 困 Inactive 不活跃的

Our difficulties seem petty when compared to those of people who never get enough to eat 与那些吃不饱的人相比,我们的困难显得微不足道 Unimportant 不重要 Serious 严重 Enormous 巨大 Considerable 大量

You mustn’t let it go at that , although you’ve found your bike .You must try and find out who took it . 尽管你已经找到你的自行车,但是你不能放过它。你必须试着找出是谁拿的。 Release it 释放它 Forget about it 忘掉它 Think nothing more about it 不要多想这件事 Go further 走得更远

Even cadres of long standing may become corrupt if there is no effective supervision from the masses 如果没有有效的群众监督,即使是长期存在的干部也可能会腐败 Who have stood long 站了很久

Who have high ranks 排名很高

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Who have remained standing 有坚定地立场 Who have held office for many years 已经任职了多年

This kind of money is no longer circulating now 这种钱现在不再流通了 Going about 流通 Coming throught 通过 Going after 追求 Going to 即将

We should not take a listless attitude toward life 我们不应该对生活采取无精打采的态度 Untold 不为人知 Unnamed 无名 Sluggish 迟缓 Thrifty 节俭

I am wholly incredulous of the truth of his story. 我完全不相信他的故事的真相。 Unwilling to believe 不愿相信 Great desire 伟大的愿望 Inactive 待用 Occasional 偶然

U20 There is no doubt that your success has resulted from your hard work.

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毫无疑问,你的成功来源于你的辛勤工作。 In 导致 From 结果 On 结果

To 结果

The food and the textile industry depend mainly on agriculture for raw material 食品和纺织工业主要依靠农业生产原料。 Depend on for 取决于对 Depend for on Depend on to Depend to on

At the age of thirty he settled in a small country town ,where , for the next ten years , he carried on the business of a bookseller. 三十岁的时候,他住在一个小镇上,在那里,在接下来的十年里,他经营着一家书店。 Relied on 依赖于 Carried on 进行 Deposed to 被免职, Deprived of 剥夺了

He can’t always expect his colleagues to prop him up. 他不能总是指望他的同事支持他。 Give 放弃 Complain 抱怨 Prop 支持 Teach 教

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The camel is characterized by an ablility to go for many days without water. 骆驼的特点是能连续几天不喝水。 Characterized 特征 Noted 指出 Inquired 问 Required 要求

An author must not be too sensitive to criticism. 作者对批评不能太敏感。 Insensitive 不敏感 Sensitive 敏感的 Sensational 轰动一时的 Sensible 明智

Scholarship students account for nearly a third of the whole enrollment in our college 奖学金学生占我们学院全部招生的近三分之一 Account for 占 Blow upon 告发 Answer for 答案 Answer up 回答了

He says he is leaving the country for good 他说他将永远离开这个国家。 For nothing 免费 For all 对所有

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For good 永远 For one 一个

The doctors discussed problems that might arise in the course of the operation and ways and means to cope with them. 医生们讨论了在手术过程中可能出现的问题以及应付的方法和手段。 Cope with 应付 Charge with 充电 Dissent from 提出异议 Do away with 废除

I don’t think it wise of you to pamper your child. 我认为你宠爱你的孩子是不明智的。 Teach 教 Pamper 宠爱 Look after 照顾 Attend to 参加

Culture shock is precipitated by the anxiety of living in a strange culture. 文化冲击是由于生活在一种陌生的文化中而引起的。 Proteted 保障 Detected 检测到 Treated 治疗 Caused 引起的

A group of farmers was transplanted to the island of the government. 一群农民被移植到政府的岛上。

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Transmitted 传播 Relocated 搬迁 Relieved 松了一口气 Released 发布

A friendly intercourse has been opened between the two countries. 两国之间已开始了友好交往。 Interval 时间间隔 Introduction 介绍 Interchange 交往 Interview 面试

The first days of school are meant to orient the freshmen to campus life 开学头几天是为了让新生适应校园生活。 Adapt to 适应于 Lead in 带入 Prepare for 准备 Result from 结果来自

The man’s remarks were totally irrational. 那人的话完全是不理性的。 Unreasonable 不合理的 Clear 清晰的 Invisible 看不见的 Intelligible 可理解的

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The child could not even discern between his right hand and left 这孩子甚至看不清他的右手和左手。 Select 选择 Say 说 Choose 选择 Distinguish 区分

She was the most gracious hostess I’ve ever known. 她是我所认识的最亲切的女主人。 Impolite 不礼貌的 Kind 亲切 Graceful 优雅的 Beautiful 美丽的

We most appraise the house carefully before offering to buy it. 在提供购买之前,我们大多数人对房子进行了评估。 Check 检查 Inspect 检查 Value 估值 Observe 观察

You have broken the laws of every nation and the hand of the law will detect and crush you wherever you may take refuge in. 你违反了每一个国家的法律,法律之手将会发现并碾碎你,无论你在哪里避难。 Make reference to 提到 Find shelter in 找到庇护

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Get a raise 得到加薪 Fly into a rage 勃然大怒

He is naturally indolent and without application to any kind of business. 他天生懒惰,不适用于任何事业。 lazy 懒 coarse 粗 original 原始 wise 明智的


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