考生注意： 1. 考试时间 120 分钟，试卷满分 150 分。 2. 本考试设试卷和答题纸两部分。试卷分为第Ⅰ卷（第 1-9 页）和第Ⅱ卷（第 10 页） ， 全卷共 10 页。所有答題必须涂（选择题）或写（非选择题）在答题纸上，做在试卷 上一律不得分。
g Comprehension Part A Short Conversations Directions: In Part A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. The newsstand. 2. A. A sportsman. B. The hair salon. B. A doctor. C. The grocery store. C. A news reporter. D. The bookstore. D. A game designer.
3. A. She didn’t teach class today. C. She usually talks quietly. 4. A. Chocolate pudding is his favorite food. C. There is no more chocolate pudding left.
B. She didn’t collect the homework. D. She usually assigns homework. B. He has tasted the chocolate pudding. D. He doesn’t want any chocolate pudding.
5. A. She disagrees with the man. B. She doesn’t enjoy boring speeches. C. She wonders how long the speech will be. D. She doesn’t think highly of the speaker. 6. A. She has just sold all the texts. C. She’s no longer interested in science. B. She has kept some science texts. D. She gave away the latest texts.
7. A. She’d like to talk to Larry about the problem. B. Larry should get along well with his brother. C. It’s necessary for Larry to apologize to his brother. D. Larry’s brother may be partly responsible for the problem. 8. A. Still live in the dormitory. C. Ask for a reduction in her rent. 9. A. She has no time to work in a garden. C. She doesn’t want to join the club. B. Find out the cost of living in the dormitory. D. Move into an apartment with a roommate. B. She’ll consider the man’s invitation. D. She is willing to accept the invitation.
10. A. The woman will have to take more than seven courses.
B. The woman shouldn’t have attended so many courses. C. His current schedule is also very demanding. D. The woman is likely to graduate early with this schedule.
Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. They used to be shorter. C. They are lighter now. B. They used to be made by machine. D. They are made of wood now.
12. A. It can stop the board going far when they fall off. B. It helps to keep them warm in cold water. C. It enables their feet to stick to the board. D. It can increase the pleasure of surfing. 13. A. A brief introduction to a sport. C. The origin of a professional sport B. Essential objects for surfing. D. How to surf skillfully in waves.
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. It is produced in small quantities. C. It is served mainly in McDonald’s. B. It is sold at a lower price. D. It is grown from cows alone.
15. A. The land and the water system have been polluted seriously. B. Not enough meat has been produced to meet people’s needs. C. Much land has been used up for animals and their food. D. It has consumed fewer and fewer natural resources. 16. A. Steaks and hamburgers. C. The food crisis in the future. B. Animal rights. D. Lab-grown meat.
Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.
Client’s Information Name: Birth Date: Current Job: Educational Background: Working Experience: Major concern when choosing a new job: James Peterson 17 , 1983 A program writer in a software company A 18 degree 19 years 20
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. What is the woman reading? Where did ice age people live? How did ice age people stay warm? What conclusion can be drawn about ice age people? A fascinating article on They lived in ? ? 22 21 of the Ice Age.
rather than in caves.
They faced their homes towards the south. They heated their homes by 23 on the floor. 24 than people used to think.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Lots of people love buying clothes and Gucci is one of the most famous fashion houses in the world. It was started in Italy in 1921 by a man named Guccio Gucci. He was a designer who had a small shop in Florence 25.__________ (specialize) in leather bags and suitcases. The shop was 26.__________ beginning of the family business and by 1953 Guccio’s four sons, Aldo, Ugo, Vasco and Rodolfo were all working for the company. When Guccio died in 1953, his 27.__________ (old) son Aldo became the head of Gucci and took the Gucci label to America, while Rodolfo managed the Italian side of the business. But Aldo’s son, Paolo, made plans to start his own company called Paolo Gucci. When Aldo discovered this, he sacked Paolo and made 28.__________ impossible for his son to start his own fashion business. So angry was Paolo 29.__________ he told the Italian police his father wasn’t paying enough tax. Aldo 30. __________ (send) to prison for a year and a day. After Aldo died in 1990, his nephew, Maurizio, became the head of Gucci. Unfortunately, Maurizio wasn’t a very good businessman and the company lost $60 million in 1991, 31.__________ became the worst year in Gucci’s history.
32.__________ (sell) all over the world, Gucci products are still popular with fashion hunters, but there are no members of the Gucci family in the successful company we know today. (B) Having a good speech prepared is only part of being a successful public speaker—you 33.__________ also get your message across in a clear and interesting way. ? Alter the volume of your voice. It can help to keep the audience alert and stress a point, but 34.__________ (make) sure everyone can hear you comfortably at all times. ? Vary your pace. It will add interest to your speech: speaking quickly can make your words more exciting, and speaking slowly or pausing can emphasise an idea. But don’t speak too quickly or too slowly 35. __________ __________ the audience can’t follow you or will get bored. ? Use stress to make spoken words and phrases clearer or give them importance. If you speak 36.__________ stress, your audience will go to sleep! Too much stress, on the other hand, 37.__________ (sound) unnatural. Just stress the most important words in your speech. ? Speak with clarity. If you mumble (嘟嘟囔囔), your audience won’t understand you. Pronounce the words and phrases in your speech clearly. ? Avoid 38.__________ (use) fillers as much as possible, such as “er”, “um” and “you know”. If you need time to think, just pause. Why not 39.__________ (record) yourself speaking? Listening to the recording is a great way to find out how well you perform and 40.__________ you need to improve on. Remember—practice makes perfect! Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. economical G. similar B. favored H. stored C. feasible I. technologies D. genuinely J. uses E. generously K. wonders F. involved
Big data could soon be stored in a very small package: DNA. A team of scientists has demonstrated that storing information in synthetic DNA could represent a(n) 41 approach to managing data in the long term, bumping aside the magnetic tape 42 by archivists (档案 管理员) today. The approach, published online January 23 in Nature, relies on 43 likely to become faster and cheaper, says biologist and engineer Drew Endy of Stanford University, who was not
in the work. Unlike record players, which are good only for playing music encoded on now-out-of-date vinyl discs (塑料唱片), machines that make and read DNA find 45 throughout science and always will. “Human beings are never going to stop caring about DNA,” says Endy. DNA is also tiny, lightweight, and can potentially remain undamaged for thousands of years if 46 in a dark, cool environment. This new report comes on the heels of 47 research published last August in Science. The new research projects that, if the costs of making DNA continue to drop, the approach might be 48 for long-term storage in as little as 10 years. “It’s 49 exciting,” Endy says. In the next decade, the approach could store information that needs to last for at least 50 years, such as government records or library texts. And who knows where it will go, 50 Goldman. Perhaps, he says, “when the cloud sucks things off your computer, it will be to store it as DNA.” III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Is love really blind? Yes, it is, at least when it comes to 51 others, US researchers reported. College students who reported they were in love were less likely to 52 other attractive men or women, the team at the University of California Los Angeles and dating Web site eHarmony found. “Feeling love for your 53 partner appears to make everybody else less attractive, and the emotion appears to enable you to push thoughts of that 54 other out of your mind,” said Gian Gonzaga of eHarmony, whose study is published in the journal Evolution and Human Behavior. “It’s almost like 55 puts blinders（眼罩）on people,” added Martie Haselton, an associate professor of psychology and communication studies at UCLA. Gonzaga and Haselton asked 120 undergraduates in committed relationships to 56 photographs of attractive members of the opposite sex from an eHarmony Web site. The 57 were asked to choose the most attractive photos, and write an essay either about their current lover, or the 58 of their choice. Those who wrote about their lovers were six times less likely to 59 that they thought of the attractive others than volunteers who wrote about the people on 60 photos. And later asked to 61 the good-looking people in the pictures, the students who wrote about their lovers remembered fewer details about the physical appearance of the attractive 62 . “These people could remember the color of a shirt or whether the photo was taken in New
63 anything attractive about the person,” Gonzaga said. “It’s not like their overall 64 was hurt; it’s as if they had 65 that would make them think about how attractive the alternative was.” York 51. A. talking with 52. A. take notice of 53. A. loving 54. A. thrilling 55. A. relationship 56. A. arrange 57. A. members 58. A. subject 59. A. delay 60. A. recent 61. A. report 62. A. strangers 63. A. as well as 64. A. structure 65. A. traditionally B. looking at B. be jealous of B. handsome B. exciting B. love B. examine B. writers B. reason B. stop B. casual B. repeat B. partners B. but for B. memory B. physically C. working with C. be ignorant of C. romantic C. tempting C. mood C. develop C. lovers C. desire C. continue C. special C. receive C. friends C. in spite of C. function C. selectively
screened out things
D. smiling at D. catch up with D. considerate D. puzzling D. attraction D. deliver D. volunteers D. motivation D. admit D. random D. recall D. researchers D. other than D. emotion D. equally
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Because of the politics and history of Africa, wild animals there, which are interested in finding food and water not in politics, are in trouble. In the past, there were no borders between African countries, and the animals could travel freely according to the season or the weather. However, in the 19th and 20th centuries, the continent was divided up into colonies and then into nations. Fences were put up along the borders, so the animals could no longer move about freely. Some countries decided to protect their animals by creating national parks. Kruger National Park, created in South Africa in 1926, was one of the first. By the end of the twentieth century, it had become an important tourist attraction and a home for many kinds of animals. Among these, there were about 9,000 elephants, too many for the space in the park. It was not possible to let any elephants leave the park, however. They would be killed by hunters, or they might damage property or hurt people. South African park officials began to look for other solutions to the elephant problem.
As early as 1990, the governments of South Africa and Mozambique had begun talking about forming a new park together. In 1997, Zimbabwe agreed to add some of its land to the park. A new park would combine the Kruger National Park with parks in Mozambique and Zimbabwe. There would be no national border fences within the park, so that elephants and other animals from the crowded Kruger Park could move to areas of Mozambique and Zimbabwe. This new “transfrontier” park would cover 13,150 square miles (35,000 square kilometers). The idea of a transfrontier park interested several international agencies, which gave money and technical assistance to Mozambique to help build its part of the park. In April 2001, the new park was opened, with new borders and a new name: The Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park. A border gate was opened between Kruger National Park and Mozambique, and seven elephants were allowed through. They were the first of 1,000 elephants that would be transferred to the world’s greatest animal park. 66. The passage begins with _____. A. a common sense C. a mysteries event
B. a fact D. a theory
67. Which of the following was a problem facing Kruger National Park? A. It was not big enough to hold all its elephants. B. A lot of hunters slipped in to hunt animals. C. As the first national park in Africa, it was not well designed. D. Too much tourism did great damage to it. 68. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the new park? A. It is divided into three parts by fences along borders. B. It is built mainly for elephants rather than other animals. C It is located across the border of South Africa and Mozambique. D. It is the result of a talk between Mozambique and some international agencies. 69. The passage talks mainly about _____. A. how international aid has functioned in Africa B. how the Kruger National Park will save its elephants C. how three African countries cooperated to make a new park D. how many African animals have suffered because of natural disasters (B)
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71. The slimming technique advertised is different from others in that ______. A. it offers a final goal instead of a daily one B. it requires you to eat much less than before C. it suggests no change to your lifestyle at all D. it tells exactly the amount of food you can take 72. If you are not healthy enough, it’s better to _____ before applying the slimming technique. A. get the doctor’s permission B. take some medicine offered by doctors C. make sure of the possible result D. have a thorough physical examination 73. You can’t get the ? 4.50 back unless you _____. A. have paid the money by cheque B. have made great changes to your weight C. have returned the material before the deadline D. have finished the course in no more than ten days (C) As students are discussing their favorite colleges, there’s one characteristic they can’t control: their race. That’s one reason voters, courts and politicians in six states have outlawed racial preferences in college admissions, while other colleges, fearful of lawsuits, play down their affirmative-action efforts these days. But make no mistake: race still matters. How much depends on the school and the state. In Texas, public universities have managed to reduce the effect of racial-preference bans by automatically admitting the top 10% of the graduating class of every high school, including those schools where most students are minorities. But Rice University in Houston, private and highly selective, has had to reinvent its admissions strategies to maintain the school’s minority enrollment. Each February, 80 to 90 black, Hispanic (西班牙裔的) and Native American kids visit Rice on an expenses-paid trip. Rice urges headmasters from high schools with large minority populations to recommend qualified students. And in the fall, Rice sends two recruiters (招生人员) on the road to find minority applicants; each recruiter visits about 80 mainly black or Hispanic high schools. Two weeks ago, Rice recruiter Tamara Siler dropped in on Westlake High in Atlanta, where 99% of the 1,296 students are black. Siler went hearing literature and advice, and though only two kids showed up, she said, “I’m pleased I got two.” Rice has also turned to some almost comical end-runs around the spirit of the law. The university used to award a yearly scholarship to a Mexican-American student; now it goes to a student who speaks Spanish really well. Admissions officers no longer know an applicant’s race. But a new essay question asks about each student’s “background” and “cultural traditions.” When Rice officials read applications, they look for “diverse life experiences” and what they awkwardly call “overcome students,” who have triumphed over hardship.
Last spring, admissions readers came across a student whose SAT score was lower than 1,200 and who did not rank in the top 10% of her class. Numerically speaking, she was far behind most accepted applicants. But her essay and recommendations indicated a strong interest in civil rights and personal experience with racial discrimination (歧视). She was admitted. “All the newspapers say affirmative action is done,” says an experienced adviser at a large New York City high school. “But nothing has changed. I have a (minority) kid at Yale with an SAT score in the high 900s.” 74. What does the word “outlaw” (in Para. 1) most probably mean? A. support B. consider C. ban
75. What can we infer from the passage about affirmative action? A. It guarantees students of different races to be admitted equally. B. It discriminates against minority students in college admissions. C. It gives preference to minority students in college admissions. D. It is popular with American colleges but not with the American public. 76. Why does Rice University send two recruiters to find minority applicants? A. Rice has a large minority population. B. Rice wants to maintain its minority enrollment. C. Minority students do not favor Rice very much. D. Minority students have better school performance. 77. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. Here Comes Equality at Last B. Yes, Your Race Still Matters C. Well Done, Affirmative Action D. Minorities Are Still a Minority in Universities Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. How can a company improve its sales? One of the keys to more effective selling is for a company to first decide on its “sales strategy”. In other words, what is the role of the sales person? Is the salesperson’s job narrative, suggestive, or consultive? The “narrative” sales strategy depends on the salesperson moving quickly into a standard sales presentation. His or her pitch highlights the benefit for the customer of a particular product or service. This approach is most effective for customers whose buying motives are basically the same and is also well suited to companies who have a large number of prospects on which to call.
The “suggestive” approach is tailored more for the individual customer. The salesperson must be in a position to offer alternative recommendations that meet a particular customer’s needs. One key aspect of the suggestive approach is the need for the salesperson to engage the buyer in some sort of discussion. The salesperson can then use the information from the customer to suggest an appropriate product or service. “We tell our salespeople to be like wine stewards,” says Mindy Sahlawannee, a corporate sales trainer, “the wine steward first checks to see what food the customer has ordered and then opens by suggesting the wine that best complements the dish. Most companies who use a narrative strategy should be using a suggestive strategy. Just like you can’t drink red wine with every dish, you can’t have one sales recommendation to suit all consumers” The final strategy demands that a company’s sales staff act as “consultants” for the buyer. In this role, the salesperson must acquire a great deal of information about the customer. They do this through market research, surveys, and face-to-face discussions. Using this information, the salesperson makes a detailed presentation tailored specifically to a consumer’s needs. “Good sales consultant”, says Alan Goldfarb, president of which publishes the following weekly newspapers, seasonal magazines and specialty publications, “are the people who use a wide range of skills including probing, listening, analysis, and persuasiveness. The best sales consultant, however, are the ones who can think outside the box and use their creativity to present a product and close a sale. The other skills you can teach. Creativity is what we can’t. It’s something we look for in every employee we hire. ” More and more sales teams are switching from a narrative or a suggestive approach to a more consultative strategy. As a result, corporations are looking more at intangibles (无形资产) such as creativity and analytical skills and less at educational background and technical skills. (Note：Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TWELVE WORDS.) 78. The main difference between narrative sales strategy and suggestive sales strategy is that the former involves __________ while the latter doesn’t. 79. Mindy compares salespeople to wine stewards because they both _______________. 80. What is the biggest challenge for a consultative salesperson? 81. Corporations that favor a consultative strategy may prefer those who __________ when choosing employees.
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 方便起见，你最好租一辆自行车。(sake) 2. 新落成的校园面积比原来翻了一番。(as … as) 3. 营养学专家已经否认了关于每天喝牛奶会导致癌症的谣言。(result) 4. 直到看见墙上的裂缝，他们才开始修葺这幢有 50 年历史的房子。(Not until) 5. 汤姆站在河边，目送着女儿乘的那艘船渐行渐远，久久不愿离去。(Standing)
II. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 假设你家所在的小区物业公司计划将原来的网球场改建为停车场，以解决停车问题，特此 征求住户的意见。写一封信表达你的想法，信的内容包括： 1） 你是否同意这种做法； 2） 为什么同意或不同意。