Module 5 A Trip Along the Three Gorges
Introduction Reading & Vocabulary
What can you see from the picture?
Introduction-3. Matching (4ms)
cave shore slope
Introduction-2. Vocabulary (4ms)
Fill in the blanks.
valley is the low ground between the sides of 1. A ________ mountains. plain is a large area of flat low ground. 2. A ________ 3. The ________ shore is the area where the land meets the sea or a lake. slope is the side of the mountain. 4. A ________ Cliffs are the steep sides of mountains at the 5. _______ edge of a river or the sea. peak is the top of a mountain. 6. A ________ lake is an area of water surrounded by land. 7. A ________ 8. A ________ wood is a small forest. 9. A ________ cave is a large hole in a cliff or a mountain. plateau 10. A ________ is a large area of flat high ground..
Introduction - 4. Quiz(3ms) Do
the quiz about the Yangtze River.
(1) The Yangtze River is the _____ in the world. Theriver Three Gorges (a) longest (b) second longest (c) third longest (2) It flows from the Himalayas in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the ______. (a) south (b) north (c) east
(3)The world’s biggest dam was opened on the Yangtze River in ________. (a) 2001 (b) 2003 (c) 2005
Reading & Vocabulary -5. Filling (5ms) Complete the definitions of the words in the box.
siteis the place where sth is being built. 1 A construction _________________ trade means to buy and sell things. 2 To _________ 3. If you _______ rush somewhere you go there quickly. Distantis the opposite of near. 4. _________ 5. ________ Goodsare things you can buy or sell. 6. A __________ legend is a very old story which is probably not true. sets in the west. 7. The sun rises in the east and ______ poet is someone who writes poems. 8. A _______ colleagueis someone who works with you. 9. A __________ Bamboo is a plant which grows quickly and is used 10. __________ to make furniture.
Match the words with their definition.
characters deck exploit
1. a place where boats load and unloaddock
2. a simple boat made of pieces of wood tied raft together 3. a Buddhist temple
4. a change of route
pagoda detour deck characters exploit
5. a floor on a boat
6. marks or signs used in writing
7. to use or take advantage of
Post-reading-1. Discussion (3ms)
Imagine you’re going on trip through the Three Gorges . Which of these topics will you talk about: the boat the food
life along the river
Reading & Vocabulary -2. Scanning (5ms) Find out the answers to the
following questions. 1. Who took a trip along the Three Gorges?
Peter Hessler and his colleague.
2. Where were they from?
They were from America.
3. Where did they start their trip?
The town of Fuling.
4. When did they start their trip?
On a beautiful afternoon.
Reading & Vocabulary -3. Skimming (5ms) Complete the statements about
the writer’s journey.
1. Peter and his friend went downstream _____. (a) to see the dam (b) to see the Three gorges (c) to get to Fuling
2. He choose the Jiangyou boat because _____. (a) it was crowded (b) it didn’t stop at temples (c) it didn’t usually carry foreigners.
3. When they started the trip it was ______. (a) sunny (b)cold (c) evening
4. When the boat went through the first gorge. Peter and his friend _____. (a) took lots of photographs (b) spent most of the time on deck (c) were asleep 5. When they reached the site of the dam _______ came to look. (a) everyone (b) no one (c) only the foreigners
6. Peter was impressed by the Yangtze River’s sense of ______. (a) power (b) history (c) danger
三峡第二峡,全长42公里，巫峡以秀著 称天下.巫山十二峰，是巫峡风光中的 胜景，其中俏丽动人的神女峰最为迷人
Reading & Vocabulary -4. Filling (5ms) Fill in the blanks.
A Trip Along the Three Gorges
Time Passengers Means of transportation What they saw and what they did From Fuling to Fengdu Along the Qutang Gorge Along the Wu Gorge
Coming out of the Xiling Gorge
A Trip Along the Three Gorges Time during the Spring Festival,1997 Peter Hessler and his colleague
Means of transportation
boat What they saw and what they did
From Fuling to Fengdu
the sun shining/setting,sailed
Along the Qutang Gorge slept through it
Xiang River, home of Qu Along the Wu Gorge Yuan ,rocks, streams, and hills Coming out of the Xiling flag blowing, a sign, took pictures and pointed at the site Gorge
1.bank/ beach /coast/ seaside/shore
都含有“（海）岸，边”之意 bank “河岸，堤岸”，指河流两旁高出水面的地 方
The old man used to sit on the river bank to fish. beach“海（湖，河）滩，水滨”，指由于受潮水 冲刷而形成的由细沙或卵石覆盖的平缓的斜坡。
Many English people like to go to the seaside for their holidays and lie on the beach in the sun.
shore“岸，滨”，含义广泛，可指含有围 绕海洋，河流及湖泊旁边的陆地，含有与 水相对的意味（in shore“近岸”，on shore “在岸上”， off shore “离岸”
They saw a boat about a mile from the shore.
1.The girl got herself into a serious situation ____ she was likely to lose control over the motorbike. A. where B. which C. while D.why 女孩使自己陷入到很可能对摩托车失去控制的境 地。Where引导的定语从句修饰先行词 situation。 2.This photo of mine was taken ___ stood the famous Eastern Bright Pearl in Shanghai. A. which B. in which C.where D.there 这张照片是在上海东方明珠那儿拍的。Where引 导地点状语从句。状语从句是一个倒装句。
2.A lake is an area of water surrounded by land. surround 1）环绕，围绕
Many fields surround our school.
Police surrounded the house.
When Jim got off the train,he found himself ____ by his students. A.surround B. to surround
C. surrounding D. surrounded
本句使用了过去分词做后置定语，相当定语从句 which is surrounded by land.
1)过去分词做定语，常常位于其所修饰的名词前。 如位于所修饰名词后，相当于一个定语从句 You should improve your spoken English?
What’s the language spoken(=that is spoken)in that area？那个地区讲的是什么语言？
2）不及物动词（vi）的过去分词作定语表示完成， 而不是被动。 boiled water=the water that has boiled开过的水
the fallen leave=the leave that have fallen落叶
3)有些过去分词作定语从句既表示被动，又表示 完成。即过去分词可以独立表示完成意义的被 动语态。
Is there anything planned (=that has been planned) for the weekend?周末安排了什么节 目没有？ 4）不及物动词的过去分词作定语，且与其所修 饰的名词构成逻辑上的动宾关系时，必须在该 动词后使用必要的介词。 He is the boy looked after by his elder sister. 他就是由姐姐看管的那个男孩。
5）过去分词作定语，如果强调该动作正在被完成， 则将“being+过去分词”置于被修饰的名词之后 Have you noticed the bridge which is being built there? ＝ Have you noticed the bridge being built there?你注意到那儿正在建造的那座 桥了吗？ 另外，过去分词可作非限制性定语，因其不属于 被修饰的名词不可或缺的定语，前面常用逗号与 被修饰的名词隔开。 The book, written (=which was written) in 1957,tells the struggle of the miners. 这本书是1957年写的，讲述矿工斗争的故事。
3.They are mainly for goods and people trading along the river.乘客多是沿江做生意 的人。 Trade 1) n. 贸易，交易，买卖 Trade between the two countries has increased.两国之间的贸易增多了。 Trade with other countries is important. 与其他国家进行贸易很重要。 行业，职业，生意 He works in the car trade.他做汽车生意
I don’t want to trade with Japanese.
She traded her posters for his CD.
本句使用了trading along the river现在分词的 结构做后置定语，相当于一个定语从句。 现在分词作定语有下列具体用法。
1）冉冉上升的太阳看上去很美。 The rising __________ sun looks very beautiful. 现在分词作定语表示该动作 正在进行
2）正在播放的歌曲深受学生欢迎。 broadcast is very popular The songbeing _____________ by students.
若被修饰词与现在分词是 被动关系 ，须用现在 分词的被动式being done 作定语。
playing There are many boys in the field _________ _________________football. =who are playing 现在分词作后置定语，往往表示正在发生或者 与谓语动作同时发生的动作，其作用相当于一 定语从句。 个 ___________.
4. see the sun setting 看到太阳正在落下 ? see sb. doing 看见某人正在做… ? see sb. do 看见某人做了… 昨晚我看见他出去了。 I saw him go out last night. 我看见他在偷商店里的钱。 I saw him stealing money from the shop. He was seen to go out last night. He was seen stealing money from the shop. see do 改为被动语态时，要用be seen to do
5.Every hill was heavy with the past.座座小山 都承载着过往. be heavy with 充满，满载某物，用于文学语言多。 The air was heavy with the scent of flowers. 空气中弥漫着浓郁的花香。 His voice was heavy with sarcasm. 他的语气带着十足的讽刺意味。
be heavy on sth 使用很多……的; 耗费……的 Older cars are heavy on gas. 旧的汽车耗游特别多。 Don’t go so heavy on the salt. 别用那么多盐。 get heavy 变得严重 He was sent to hospital last night, but the situation got very heavy.
6. each, 和some, any, no, every构成的复合词，都 当作单数看待. ? 我们每个人都有些话要说。 ? Each of us has something to say. ? 大家都准备好了吗？ ? Is everybody ready? ? 有人在用电话。 ? Somebody is using the phone. ? 但none和neither等及其构成的短语做主语时， 谓语动词单复数皆可。 ? None of them has / have arrived at the stop.
7.On a distant mountain was a sign in 20-feet characters.远山上写着20英尺大 的汉字。 本句中由于地点状语放在了句首，且主语 是名词a sign，所以使用了完全倒装。
? ? ? ?
is On the top of the mountain ______ a tall tree. He came to a small village, in front of is which ______ a big rock. On the wall hang ______ two loudspeakers. 墙上挂着两个喇叭。 are Among the goods _______ Christmas trees, flowers, candles and toys.
Language Date Back - Complete the following sentences. 1. 他和另一位同事将在那里的一所教师进修学院任教两 年。 He and a colleague _______ were _______ to _______ spend two years there teaching English at a teacher training college. 2. 我们目睹太阳在白塔后西沉，美丽极了。
We could see the sun _______ setting behind the white pagoda. It was beautiful.
3. 船到巫山时，我们绕道溯游大宁河，观赏了几处小峡 谷。 At Wushan we _______ made _______ a _______ detour up the Daning River to see some of the smaller gorges.
4. 块块巨石形象各异，条条支流都流淌着传说，座座小 山承载着过往。
Every rock _______ looked _______ like a person or animal, every stream that _______ joined the great river ________ carried its legends, every hill ________ was ________ heavy ________ with the past. 5. 我们不可以下船。
We weren _______ ’t ________ allowed _______ to get off the boat.
6. 远山上写着20英尺大的汉字“建造三峡大坝，开发长 江资源”。
On a ________ distant mountain was a _______ sign in 20-foot characters. “________ Build the Three Gorges Dam, _________ Exploit the Yangtze River,” it said.
Module 5 A Trip Along the Three Gorges
Listening & Speaking-1.Speaking (5ms) Describe the pictures on page 45.
Picture 1: They are having a lecture.
Picture 2: A girl is flying the kite on the deck.
Picture 3: They are dancing.
Picture 4: He is smoking while eating. Picture 5: A person is swimming in the river. Picture 6: The people is taking photos.
Listening & Speaking -2.Listening (4ms) Listen to the conversation and decide where the speakers are. A : on a boat B: in a travel agency C: on a television programme D: at passport control in an airport
Listening & Speaking -4.Extra-listening(6m) Listen to the tape,and fill in the blanks. TO: I’m interested in booking a classic _______ Three Gorges ______. cruise Can you tell me something about the boats? TA: Yes, certainly. They’re big modern boats, and they all have professional ____________ Englishspeaking _________. directors You can choose between western and Chinese cuisine. (烹调风格) activities TO: Right. What about on-board ___________________? TA: Well, first of all there’s the welcome party. passengers use his The captain lets _____________________ cabin for that. ______
TO: That sounds fun…. TA: Then there are ________ lecturesevery evening on ____________________ history and culture --- you don’t have to go to them, of course. TO: Good, I’m glad they’re not compulsory.(必需 做的)What about other entertainment ______________? TA: Well, there’s an on-board disco every night. traditional TO: Great. And are there any ____________ Chinese activities. TA: Yes, there are. You can do ___________ Tai Chi and kite flying and you can even learn some __________, Chinese.
TO: What about swimming in the Yangtze River? TA: No, swimming from the boat is __________. forbidden It’s too __________. dangerous TO: Oh, I see. Are there any other rules I should know? TA: There aren’t a lot of rules. But the boats are nonsmoking __________ --- so you’re not allowed except in your to smoke anywhere ________ lounge cabin and in the smoking _______. TO: I see.
TA: And passengers are _______________ required totake
their passports with them every time
go on shore they ____________.
TO: Yes, of course. And ________________ we’re allowed to
take photos of the ______? dam
TA: Oh yes, ___________________ there’s no problem about
Module 5 A Trip Along the Three Gorges Function
Function - 1. Exercises (5ms) Finish the exercises on Activity 1 , on page 45.
1.The captain lets passengers use his cabin.
2.There are lectures – but you don’t have to go to B them. 3.Swimming from the boat is forbidden.
4. You’re not allowed to smoke.
5.Passengers are required to take their passports C with them.
Function -2.Filling(3ms) Use the correct expressions to fill in the chart.
affirmative （肯定） negative （否定）
You don’t have to / You must/have to You’re required to aren’t required to It is necessary to… It’s not necessary to You’re allowed to You can / may… You aren’t allowed / can’t / shouldn’t … You can’t / mustn’t You’re forbidden to It’s against rules to
? 意群主要应用于阅读理解，是意思相 同或相似的一组句子的组合。在阅读 中，如果碰到but、however、 nevertheless、nonetheless等转折性 词汇，就应当划分意群，这样有助于 理解前后的意思变化。听力也是阅读 理解的一种，只不过不用眼睛而用耳 朵，意群也是比较重要的，把握住意 群有助于把握对话的核心意思
Module 4 A Trip Along the Three Gorges Speaking & Grammar
Speaking –1 . Speaking (5ms) Look at the signs and explain their meanings.
People who do not live in the European Union have to go this way.
FLIGHT AZ457 PARIS CHECK IN DESK 12
People who want to get on flight AZ457 to Paris should check in Desk 12
Smoking is forbidden. No smoking.
The use of mobile phones is forbidden.
MAX WEIGHT FOR THIS FLIGHT:20kg Don’t leave your luggage unattended!
You are not allowed to take a case which weighs more than 20kg onto this flight.
Don’t leave your luggage on its own anywhere.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
They ______ could go anywhere they wished. Youshouldn’t _________ go on those ships. There won’t _______ be any other foreigners. to We justhad ________ show our passports. could see the sun setting behind the white We ______ pagoda.
Indicate an ability to do something use to give advice make a prediction about the future the past form of must the permission to do something
Verb could(1) shouldn’t won’t had to could(5)
Correct the mistakes and say why. ? John shoulds go to school on time. should ? At that time we thought we musted hand in our paper. must
Grammar-2. Correction (5ms)
? You must to finish your homework in time. ? We don’t can be there tomorrow. can’t ? They should may do that. should / may
? Two eyes can see more than one. ? I am so strong that I can lift this stone. ? He said that Jack couldn’t finish his work in such a short time. ? Could you follow my step? ? He is only four, but he is able to read. ? She was able to do it without my help. ? Will you be able to come to my party can tomorrow? could 表能力 be able to 有时态变化
? ? ? ? ? ? ? You can go now. 强 I won’t let you down. Could I say it in Chinese? 语 May I know your name? 气 Would you mind closing the door? Shall we dance? 弱 Might I have a word with you? can, will could / may / would / shall / might
? There must be a mistake. 强 ? You may walk ten miles without seeing a house. 语 ? He might get there on time. 气 ? It can be true. ? In those days few workers could support their families. 弱 肯定句 must
may, might, can, could
She can’t be serious.
We couldn’t have done better.
People may not pick flowers in this garden.
强 语 气
She was afraid they might not like the idea.
may not, might not
mustn’t waste our time.
shouldn’t left so soon. better not disturb him.
mustn’t, shouldn’t had better not
? You should do what your parents tell you.
? If you can’t finish the book by then, you must
come and renew it.
? This is a lovely party, but we have to go
because of the baby-sister.
? The bridge was not wide enough so that
somebody had to give way.
should, must have to
Grammar-9. Conclusion (2ms)
词义 Modals can, could, be able to
can, will, may, could, would, 许可,征询意见 shall, might 猜测，可能性 must, may, might, can, could mustn’t, shouldn’t, had better 禁止 not 义务,应该 should, must, have to
Grammar-6. Practice 历年高考题
1. -- Mum, I’ve been studying English since 8 o’clock. ___ I go out and play with Tom for a while?
-- No, I’m afraid not. Besides, it’s raining outside now.
A. Can’t C. May not B. Wouldn’t D. Won’t
2. I ____ pay Tracy a visit, but I’m not sure whether I will have time this Sunday.
3. Children under 12 years of age in that country ____ be under adult supervision when in a public library.
4. You ____ be tired – you’ve only been working for an hour.
A. must not
D. may not
5. You might just well tell the manufacturer that male customers _____ not like the design of the furniture. A. must B. shall C. may D. need
6. A left-luggage office is a place where bags _____ be left for a short time, especially at a railway station.
7. -- Excuse me, but I want to use your computer to type a report. -- You ____ have my computer if you don’t take care of it.
B. might not
8. Hundreds of jobs ____ if the factory closes.
C. are lost
B. will be lost
D. will lose
9. Rainforests ____ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. A. cut B. are cut
C. are being cut
D. had been cut
10. The first use of atomic weapons was in 1945, and their power _____ increased enormously ever since. A. is B. was C. has been D. had been
1. Finish the related exercises on WB. 2. Review the grammar of this period.
Module 4 A Trip Along the Three Gorges Writing Culture corner
Culture corner –1. Brainstorm (2ms) Do you know what it is?
Culture corner -2.Answering (5ms) Read the passage and answer the questions.
1. Where did he travel recently? 2. Is there anything special in his home? What is it? 3. What rules does he follow when he sticks a pin in the map? 4. What does he think of New Zealand/Italy/China?
5. What does he take with him wherever he goes?
1. Where did he travel recently? Malvinas islands. ? Is there anything special in his home? What is it? A large map of the world. There are hundreds of little red pins stuck in it. ? What rules does he follow when he sticks a pin in the map? I’m allowed to stick one in only if I’ve been a place for more than 24 hours. 4. What does he think of New Zealand/Italy/China? Wonderful / favorite / a country of the future. 5. What does he take with him wherever he goes? A photo of his wife, a candle, a torch, a shirt…
Writing- 1. Exercises (2ms) Finish the exercise of Activity 3, on page 48.
? immense region? very big region ? remote areas
? the place which is far away ? the slopes which go sharply
? steep slopes
? fertile plains
up and down ? the plains which is good for growing things
Writing- 2. Exercises (2ms) Make a list of adj. + n. combinations in the passage.
home province, immense region, varied landscape, remote areas, steep slopes, high plateau, fertile plains, beautiful province, Heavenly Kingdom, famous river, long journey, beautiful spot
Writing- 3. Filling (5ms) Read the description and identify the province.
Location Features Sichuan
hilly mountains; high plateau; fertile plains
The Heavenly Kingdom; four rivers
Writing- 4. Description(5ms)
Write a short description of the region you live in. You should: ? Say where the region is; ? Describe the main geographical features; ? Give your opinion; ? Explain a meaning. You can use the following sentence structures: ? I think …. ? There are many …. It is located in …. ? It’s famous for ….
Writing- 5. Writing(15ms) Write a short description of the region you live in .
Writing- 6. Peer checking and rewriting (5m) Read your writing to your partner.
Check and rewrite your writing according to the following. Then share it with the whole class.
?Are you clear what happen(4Wand H)?
?Do you know the writer’s attitude and emotion?
?Are there any good connecting words or phrases? ?Are there any good phrases or sentences? ?Are there any spelling mistakes?
My home Province Shanxi is located in the north of China. It is rather hot in summer and cold in winter. There are many hilly mountains, but basin is flat. The beautiful Fen River runs through it. It has all kinds of products, such as rice, wheat, cotton, and coal. People call it “home of coal”, because it is famous for the abundant coal.
I think it is a beautiful province. There are many places of historic interest and scenic beauty, such as Jinci Temple, the Yungang Grottoes and so on. Many visitors come to visit Shanxi. I love Shanxi.
Write some rules for travellers arriving in your hometown. Pay attention to the following things:
What travellers must do when they arrive
What they aren’t allowed to do
How they can find somewhere to stay
How they can get help