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2006年3月统考大学英语B正式试题及参考答案与评分标准



试点高校网络教育部分公共基础课全国统一考试 大学英语 B 试卷 来源:全国高校网络教育考试委员会办公室 2006 年 3 月 注 意 事 项 一、将你的姓名、考号填写在答题卡的规定栏内,将考号和考试科目在规定的栏内用 2B 铅笔涂满涂黑。考试结束后,把试卷和答题卡放在桌上。试卷和答题卡均不得带出考场。 二、仔细读懂题目的说明,并按题目要求答题。答案一定要写在答题卡的指定位置上,

写在试卷上的答案无效。 三、选择题用 2B 铅笔将选中项涂满涂黑,主观题用蓝、黑圆珠笔或钢笔答题,使用铅 笔答题无效。

第一部分:英语知识运用(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 此部分共有 10 个未完成的对话, 针对每个对话中未完成的部分有 4 个选项, 请你从 A、 B、 C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项并用铅笔将答题卡上相应的字母按要求涂 黑。示例〔A〕 〔B〕 〔C〕 〔D〕 1. — What would you like to have, meat or fish? — _____________________. A. Either will do C. Yes, I like fish — _____________________. A. No thank you C. OK 3. — Must I be home before seven? — ___________________. A. No, you needn’t C. Yes, you will — __________________. A. Yes, of course C. It doesn’t matter — ____________________. A. That’s true C. I like the team 6. — I believe we’ve met somewhere before. — No, ____________________. A. it isn’t the same B. it can’t be right B. It’s hard to say D. I don’t believe it B. No, thanks D. Friday B. No, you mustn’t D. No, you won’t B. You’re welcome D. Thanks B. Yes, I like meat D. No, they are not my favorite

2. — Thank you very much for giving me so much help.

4. — Would you rather come on Friday or Saturday?

5. — I doubt whether the Chinese Football Team can win the game this time.

大学英语 B 答案第 1 页(共 9 页)

C. I don’t think so 7. — Oh dear! I’ve just broken a window. — ___________! It can’t be helped. A. Great C. That’s fine — _____________________. A. Oh, that’s very nice of you C. It’s a pleasure — _____________________. A. No thanks C. Yes, it is good 10. — What day is today? — _____________. A. Today is March 25 C. Today is fine
th

D. I’d rather not

B. Never mind D. Not at all

8. — I had a really good weekend at my uncle’s. B. Certainly D. Oh, I’m glad to hear that

9. — Thank you ever so much for the book you gave me. B. I’m glad you like it D. No, it’s not so good

B. Today is Saturday D. Today is cold

第二部分:阅读理解 (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 此部分共有 4 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 个问题,每个问题后有 4 个选项,请你从 A、B、 C、 四个选项中, D 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项并用铅笔将答题卡上相应的字母按要求涂 黑。示例〔A〕 〔B〕 〔C〕 〔D〕 Passage 1 Mrs. Brown had a small garden behind her house, and in the spring she planted some vegetables in it. She looked after them carefully, and when the summer came, they looked very nice. One evening Mrs. Brown looked at her vegetables and said, “Tomorrow I am going to pick them, and then we can eat them.” But early the next morning, her son ran into the kitchen and shouted, “Mother, mother! Come quickly! Our neighbor’s ducks are in the garden and they are eating our vegetables”. Mrs. Brown ran out, but it was too late! All the vegetables were finished! Mrs. Brown cried, and her neighbor was very sorry, but that was the end of the vegetables! Then a few days before Christmas, the neighbor brought Mrs. Brown a parcel. In it was a beautiful, fat duck, and on it was a piece of paper with the words, “Enjoy your vegetables!” 11. Where was Mrs. Brown’s garden? A. C. A. In front of her house. Behind her house. To feed ducks. B. D. B.
大学英语 A 答案第 2 页(共 9 页)

In the middle of her house. On the left side of her house. To sell them in a market.

12. What was she planning to do with the vegetables the next day?

C. A. B. C. D. A. B.

To throw them away.

D.

To pick them.

13. Why did Mrs. Brown’s son shout the next morning? He saw their neighbor’s ducks in their house. The ducks ran out of the garden. He was afraid of the ducks. He saw their neighbor’s ducks eating their vegetables in the garden. She ran out of the house. She still stayed in the house.

14. What did Mrs. Brown do when she heard her son shouting?

C. She was shouting, too. D. She called her neighbor. 15. What words were written on a piece of paper? A. C. Enjoy your vegetables. Merry Christmas. D. B. Thanks for your vegetables. Happy birthday.

Passage 2 Our eating habits are very important for good health and a strong body. There are times when most of us would rather eat sweets and ice cream than meat and rice. Sweets and ice-cream are not bad for the stomach if we eat them at the end of a meal. If we eat them before a meal, they may take away our appetite (胃口). It is important for us to eat our meal at the same time each day. When we feel hungry, it is a sign that our bodies need food. When we feel angry or excited, we may not want to eat. When we are worried, we may not want to eat, either. A long time ago, in England, some judges used to decide whether a man was telling the truth by giving him some dry bread. If the man could not swallow the bread, it was a sign that he wasn’t telling the truth. He was telling a lie. Although this seems very strange and rather foolish, it is indeed an excellent way of finding out the truth. A man who is worrying about something has difficulty in swallowing anything dry. Because when he is worrying, he loses his appetite and does not want to eat. 16. We have to develop good eating habits because_________. A. we want to eat more B. we want to enjoy our meals C. we want to be healthy and strong D. we want to save time 17. _______ may take away our appetite before we have our meal. A. Either meat or rice B. Neither sweets nor ice-cream C. Not only meat but also rice D. Both sweets and ice-cream 18. We had better have our meals_________. A. when our work is over B. at the same time each day C. when the meal is still hot D. when we go back home 19. A man who is angry has _________. A. a better appetite B. a poor appetite C. to eat more food D. to eat dry bread 20. The judges in old England considered that a man could________ if he told a lie. A. swallow dry bread easily B. eat a lot of dry bread

大学英语 A 答案第 3 页(共 9 页)

C. drink milk or hot water

D. hardly swallow dry bread

Passage 3 This library is an English language teaching and learning library. Unfortunately our resources are limited and so not everyone can join. Teachers of English, University students and professionals who are in the medical, engineering and managing fields can all join the library. Those from other professions are welcome to apply, but your application will not necessarily be approved. You must fill in a library application form, and put it in the box on the librarian’s desk. Because of the high number of applications we receive each week, you must wait one week. You may borrow one video at a time. The video must be returned in one week. If you can’t return it on time, please call. Otherwise your video library card will be cancelled. You may borrow three items at one time, that is, three books or three discs. All items must be returned within one month. 21. Which of the following groups of people can join the library? A. All teachers. B. High school students. C. University students. D. Army officers. 22. Why can’t the library issue library cards to everyone who applied? A. Because it takes too long to process all the applications. B. Because its resources are limited. C. Because there are not enough staff members. D. Because it is a library for special purposes. 23. What would the library do if a reader fails to return the video on time? A. Ask him to apply again. B. Cancel his video card. C. Not approve his application. D. Not allow him to borrow any items. 24. How many items can be borrowed at one time? A. 1. B. 2. C. 3. D. 4. 25. For how long can a reader keep a book before he returns it? A. 1 month. B. 2 months. C. 1 week. D. 2 weeks. Passage 4 What will man be like in the future — in 5,000 or even 50,000 years from now? We can only make guesses, of course, but we can be sure that he will be different from what he is today, for man is slowly changing all the time. Let us take an obvious example. Man, even five hundred years ago, was shorter than he is today. Now, on average, men are about three inches taller. Five hundred years is a relatively short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller. Again in the modern world we use our brains a great deal. Even so, we still make use of only about 20% of the brain’s capacity (容量). As time goes on, however, we shall have to use our brains more and more, and finally we shall need larger ones! This is likely to bring about a physical change too: the head, in particular the forehead, will grow larger.

大学英语 A 答案第 4 页(共 9 页)

Nowadays our eyes are in constant use. In fact, we use them so much that very often they become weaker and we have to wear glasses. But over a very long period of time it is likely that man’s eyes will grow stronger. On the other hand, we tend to make less use of our arms and legs. These, as a result, are likely to grow weaker. At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life. But what about hair? It will probably disappear from the body altogether in course of time because it does not serve a useful purpose any longer. In the future, then, both sexes are likely to be bald. Perhaps all this gives the impression that future man will not be a very attractive creature to look at! This may well be true. All the same, in spite of all these changes, future man will still have a lot in common with us. He will still be a human being, with thoughts and emotions similar to our own. 26. The size of man’s forehead will probably grow bigger because _______. A. he will use his brain more and more B. he makes use of only 20% of the brain’s capacity C. his brain has grown larger over the past centuries D. he has not used 80% of the brain 27. What is NOT true according to the text? A. Man has been growing taller over the past 500 years. B. Man has got stronger eyes now than he ever had. C. Man’s hair will probably disappear. D. Man’s arms and legs are likely to become weaker. 28. What will be true about a human being in the future? A. He will be hairless because hair is no longer useful. B. He will have smaller eyes and will wear better glasses. C. His fingers will grow weaker because he won’t use them. D. He will think and feel in a different way. 29. It is implied that __________________. A. human beings will become more attractive in the future B. body organs will become poorer if they are not used often C. human beings hope for a change in the future life D. future life is always predictable 30. The passage mainly tells us that _______________. A. man’s life will be different in the future B. man is growing shorter C. future man will look quite different from us now D. human beings’ organs will not function properly 第三部分:词汇和结构 (共 25 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 25 分) 第一节:此小节共有 15 个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有 4 个选项,请 你从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项并用铅笔将答题卡上相应的字

大学英语 A 答案第 5 页(共 9 页)

母按要求涂黑。示例〔A〕 〔B〕 〔C〕 〔D〕 31. The police are________ the two missing children. A. looking out B. looking after C. looking for D. looking on 32. The red rose is her _____________. A. favor B. favorite C. like D. best 33. She never lost her _____________ for teaching. A. enthusiasm B. enthusiastic C. engine D. theme 34. Tom was very happy when his parents told him that they _____ back to America soon. A. would come B. will come C. is coming D. are coming 35. He ______ more than 5000 English words when he entered the university. A. has learned B. had learned C. would have learned D. learned 36. I’ll never forget the day ______ I became a doctor. A. which B. when C. of which D. in that 37. The old woman next door is very keen _____________ growing roses. A. at B. on C. with D. to 38. He studied hard in his youth, _________ contributed to his great success in later life. A. that B. it C. what D. which 39. He’s determined to finish the job __________long it takes. A. no matter B. however C. wherever D. whatever 40. She was the only child in the family, but they didn't ______ her. A. hurt B. damage C. spoil D. harm 41. For a successful business, friendly and _______ staff are essential. A. lovely B. hard C. efficient D. respective 42. The Web also provides an environment in which it is quick and easy to _________ ideas with colleagues. A. change B. exchange C. trade D. know 43. I don’t know why she avoids _______ her opinion on the subject. A. to give B. to be given C. giving D. being given 44. It _____John and Mary that helped me the other day. A. has been B. are C. was D. were 45. I do not intend to follow that, because we shall have an opportunity to do so on another ______. A. occasion B. situation C. condition D. environment

第二节:此小节的短文中共有 10 个空白处,针对每个空白处有 4 个选项,请你从 A、B、 C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项并用铅笔将答题卡上相应的字母按要求 涂黑。示例〔A〕 〔B〕 〔C〕 〔D〕
大学英语 A 答案第 6 页(共 9 页)

Homesickness is very common among students away from home — even those who had previously been away at overnight camp or traveled far away. There is a difference between being away from home for 8 weeks and being gone for 8 months. There is also a difference between 46 home for a while (knowing you will be going back) and leaving 47 (knowing you may never return). Feeling homesick does not make you less mature or mean you are not ready to be 48 . If you feel homesick, talk to your friends at school about it. 49 they are feeling the same way. 50 family and friends back home, but make sure you 51 new relationships at school. If your homesickness does not 52 and does not seem to be getting better after a few months at school, speaking with an adviser might help. Also, remember that going home for the first visit may be difficult 53 changes in yourself or your family. Old conflicts do not just disappear once you go to college, and new ones may 54 . Again, if things are too stressful for you 55 handle alone, talk to an adviser. 46. A. abandoning C. being away 47. A. forever C. for a short time 48. A. yourself C. of your own 49. A. Most likely C. It’s lucky 50. A. Keep in touch with C. Keep contact in 51. A. have built C. formed 52. A. go with C. go over 53. A. thanks to C. because 54. A. appear C. raise 55. A. too C. to B. leaving D. heading for B. temporarily D. all the time B. lonely D. on your own B. It’s impossible D. Make sure B. Contact with D. Communicate B. do D. develop B. go away D. go through B. because of D. resulting in B. rise D. grow B. so D. not

第四部分:写作 (满分 15 分) 要求你在 30 分钟内, 根据下面所给的题目及提示用英语写出一篇不少于 80 词的短文。 将 短文写在答题卡上。 My Family (提示:短文中可以介绍家庭成员及他们的生活、工作等方面相关的信息)

试点高校网络教育部分公共基础课全国统一考试
大学英语 A 答案第 7 页(共 9 页)

大学英语 B 参考答案与评分标准 来源:全国高校网络教育考试委员会办公室 2006 年 3 月

Part I Use of English (20 points, 2 points each) 1-5 ABADB 6-10 CBDBB

大学英语 A 答案第 8 页(共 9 页)

Part II

Reading Comprehension 16-20 CDBBD

(40 points, 2 points each) 21-25 CBBCA

11-15 CDDAA 26-30 ABABC Part III Section A 31-35 CBAAB Section B 46-50 BADAA Part IV (略) Writing

Vocabulary and Structure 36-40 BBDBC

(25 points, 1 point each) 41-45 CBCCA

51-55 DBBAC (15 points)

作文评分标准 《大学英语》B 的作文考试评卷原则是在整体评阅的基础上给出印象分,此印象分以奖 励给分,不是按错扣分。 评分按档次进行,即 1-3 分,4-6 分,7-9 分,10-12 分,13-15 分五个档次。各个档次 的具体描述如下: 13-15 分:扣题,语言流畅,用词丰富,篇章结构感强,语法正确,只有个别小错。 10-12 分:扣题,语言通顺,用词较丰富,段与段之间有较好的过渡,语法基本正确,有些 语病; 7-9 分: 基本扣题,语言基本正确,用词有一定变化,文中错误较多,有个别为严重错误; 4-6 分: 语言基本功差,文章中中国式英语表达居多,用词贫乏,语法错误相当多,有多 处严重错误。 1-3 分: 语言支离破碎,绝大部分句子无法理解,语言错误很多。



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