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我的错题本(含变式训练)


我的错题本(含变式训练)_20141202_213230 [第 81 页 Cloze 26] (2012 中山一中高三第二次统测 A) 1 I drove up to the light, 3 2 behind me. Nothing. Not a car, no suggestion of headlights, but there I sat, 5 At one point along an open highway, I came to a crossroads with a traffic light. I was alone on the road by now, but it turned red, and I braked to a halt. I looked left, right, I started wondering anywhere around and 4 6 (wait) for the light to change, the only human being for at least a mile in any direction. I refused to run the light. I was not afraid of 7 (catch) by the police, because there was obviously no policeman certainly would have been no danger in going through it. question of why I' d stopped for that light came back to me. I think I stopped because it' s part of a contract we 8 9 agreement we have, and we trust each other to honor it: We don' t go through red doing something bad by the social agreement that disapproves of it 6.there 7.same 8.an 9.from 10.than 10 by any

Much later that night, the

all have with each other. It' s not only the law, but it' s lights. Like most of us, I' m more ready to be stopped law against it. [答案] [解析] 2.and 4.why 6.there 7.same 9.from 10.than 1.as/when [语篇解读] 2.and 3.waiting 4.why

5.being caught

作者分析了自己不闯红灯的原因。

1.as/when 3.waiting

句意: 当我驶近红绿灯的时候, 灯变红了。 现在分词短语作伴随状语。 介词后用动名词, 这里指“害怕被抓”, 用被动语态。例: After being classified, the fruit was shipped abroad.

left, right 与 behind 三个表方位的词并列。 句意: 我开始思考为什么我不愿闯红灯。 there be 句型, 并用于过去将来完成时中, 表虚拟语气, 例: There would have been no losses in the disaster if the government had 同样的问题, 即“为什么我不愿闯红灯” 。 stop/keep... from doing“ 阻止 …… 干 ……”, 用于主动语态时 , from 可省略 , 但是在被动语态中不能省略 , 例 : We should 句意: 比起(than) 用法律阻止人们干坏事, 我更愿意(more ready) 被不赞成一些行为的社会协议所阻止而不去干坏事。 (2014 河北省唐山市高三第一次模拟考试) 61 63 (struggle), substitute(替补)teacher whose calls into work (sell)at half price in the supermarket. I opened the door and 65 to my son and daughter. I watched with a sad smile as 66 lit up and they jumped up 70 68. for gift of 69.

5.being caught

taken effective measures. 8.an 不定冠词用法。 stop/prevent such accident(from) happening. =Such accident should be stopped/prevented from happening. [变式训练]

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Christmas is no fun when you' re poor. Twenty years ago I was a young, had been few. Money was tight, bills were due brought in the gifts I and down. My daughter 64 67 62 we could get for our children were a few soft toys that I had found my wife and I couldn' t even afford to get Christmas gifts for each other. The only gifts

(hide) in our old car' s trunk. Then I handed

they did their best to tear off the wrapping (包装)paper. As they pulled out their toys, though, I noticed their

(happy) hugged her toy and then hugged her Mom and me as well. I laughed as I watched my children play

with their toys _ 68 _ hours, and Thanked God for the 69 _ (great)gift that had ever been given. Till today I still treasure pure love that my son and daughter gave me that day. [变式答案] greatest [变式解析] 61. struggling 62. so/and 63. sold 61. struggling 62. so/and 63. sold 64. had hidden 65. them/the gifts 66. eyes/faces 67. happily 70. the [语篇解读]本文为记叙文。在生活最拮据的岁月,我却收获了一份让我终生视为珍宝的圣诞礼物。

struggling 是由现在分词演变来的形容词,意为“奋斗的,(为生活)苦苦挣扎的” 。 a young, struggling, substitute 我和妻子不能给彼此买圣诞礼物是因为收入微薄,账单到期。故上下文之间存在因果关系。

teacher 一名苦苦挣扎的年轻代课教师。 将定语从句还原成简单句,即:I had found a few soft toys sold… 这时不难看出,a few soft toys 是 sold 的逻辑主语,两 I had hidden in our old car' s trunk 是定语从句,修饰先行词 the gifts,关系代词 that/which 在从句中作 hide 的宾语, 我把礼物递给我的儿子和女儿。 light up 常和 sb’s eyes/face 连用,表示“喜形于色” 。 我的女儿高兴地拥抱着她的玩具。副词修饰动词。 for hours 表示“很久,好几个小时” 。 这是上帝赐予我的最好的礼物。 定冠词 the 这里表示特指,意为“这份儿女给予我的纯洁的爱的礼物” 。

者间为被动关系,故应使用过去分词作宾语补足语。 64. had hidden 65. them/the gifts 66. eyes/faces 67. happily 68. for 69. greatest 70. the 故可以省略。且 hide 这个动作先于主句谓语动词发生,故应使用过去完成时态。

[第 81 页 Cloze 25]

(2012 广东高三模拟) 1 hundreds of woodcutters were cutting the trees. 4 10,000 persons could sit in its shade. 2 whole forest had 3 thousands of branches. It was so big

Lao Tzu was traveling with his followers. They came to a forest been cut except for one big tree Lao Tzu told his followers absolutely 6 5

(go) and ask why this tree had not been cut. They went and asked the woodcutters and they said, “This tree is 7 9 the eyes. This tree is absolutely useless, and that' s 8 we haven' t cut it.” The followers

(use). You cannot make anything out of it because every branch has so many knots in it—nothing is straight. You cannot use

it as fuel because the smoke is dangerous somebody' s house. If you are beautiful you will find shade under [答案] [解析] 1.where 2.The 4.that 5.to go 6.useless 7.to 8.why 10.you 1.where [语篇解读] 10 .” 3.with 4.that 2.The

came back and told Lao Tzu. He laughed and said, “Be like this tree. If you are useful you will be cut and you will become furniture in (sell) in the market. Be like this tree, and you will grow big and vast and thousands of people 5.to go 6.useless 7.to 8.why 9.will be sold 10.you

老子与门徒来到森林边, 林木被伐尽, 只有一棵树因“无用” 而幸存下来。

引导定语从句, where 在句中作地点状语。 特指整个森林, 用定冠词。 引导结果状语从句, so... that... 意为“如此……以至于……” 。 tell sb. to do sth. 意为“叫某人做某事” 。 根据下文可知, 此树无用才没被砍伐, 所以填形容词 useless。

3.with 介词短语作后置定语, with 意为“带有, 具有” 。

be dangerous to 意为“对……有危险” 。 引导表语从句, 意为“……的原因” 。 条件状语从句中, 时态遵循“主将从现” 原则。例: If I have time, I will read a novel. Here is a question that every person (even you) should think about what you will leave behind when you die. “I’m too young 句意: 成为这棵树吧, 那么你会长大, 成千上万的人将在你(you) (成为的这棵树) 下得到阴凉。

9.will be sold [变式训练]

to think about that,” you may say.Wrong! Perhaps your mind goes to the__41__assets that you hope to acquire in the future —perhaps a house, a car, or a bank account.Sure, those things may be further down the road, but if you have an email address, own a collection of digital music and movies, use a social networking site, have an online photo album, or write a blog, then you are the proud owner of what is now being called__42___“assets”.We all naturally assume that our possession will go to our loved ones when we die.At some point, you’ll probabl y even write a will which states who should inherit what.People are now starting to realize that simply listing our material possessions may not be enough.Researcher sat the University of London recently__43__that more and more Britons are now deciding who should get their digital photos, music, videos and so on—the“digital in heritance.” What about passwords to online accounts? Wouldn’t this naturally be__44__ to your next of kin? Absolutely not!Privacy laws ar ound the world__45_to protect the privacy of the deceased over the desire of the family to retrieve their loved one’s personal information .A Ms. Wang of Shenyang, China recently discovered this when she tried to__46__her dead husband’s QQ account .Tencent, the operator of QQ,_47__her request based on their terms of use, which states “the right to use anaccount belongs solely to the -----___48 __ applicant, and this right shall not be_49__, loaned, rented, transferred or sold.” Since Ms.Wang’s husband had not given her his password before his death, she had no foot to stand on. A.original F.released [变式答案] [变式解析] 42.B 43.D 44.F 45.J 46.I 47.H 48.A 49.E CBDFJ 41.C B.digital G.reported IHAE 该句后面列举的东西都是属于物质方面的资产,故选 physical,意为:物质的。 C.physical H.refused D.discovered I.access E.gifted J.tend

该空前面列举的这些资产都是网络和保存在电脑上的,属于“数码资产”,故选 digital。 句意:伦敦大学的研究人员最近发现(discover)…… 后面是发现的东西,应该用 discovered。 此处应该是表达:这些密码难道不应该告诉你的近亲吗?release the password 公布密码。 此处指法律倾向于保护这些,应该用 tend to do sth.。 此处指这位妇女想登陆(access)他丈夫的 QQ 账号,但是不知道密码,造成了损失。 根据情境此处是 QQ 管理员根据原则拒绝了(refuse)她的登陆请求。 此处指的是该 QQ 的最初申请使用者,original 原来的、最初的。 这项权利不应该用来赠予(gift)、借出、租借、转让或买卖。 (2012 广东高三模拟) 1 3 (imagine) had no limits, I dreamed of changing the world. 2 I grew older and wiser, I discovered 4 , too, seemed

[第 81 页 Cloze 24]

The following words were written on the tomb of an Anglican Bishop( 主教) in the Crypts of Westminster Abbey( 西敏寺): When I was young and free and my the world would not change, so I (short) my sights somewhat and decided to change only my country. But

immovable. As I grew 9 5 my twilight years(晚年), in one last desperate attempt, I settled for changing only my family, those 8 6 (close) to me, 7 alas, they would have (change) my family. 10 (better) my country and, who knows, I may have even changed 8.none 9.would have changed 10.to better of it. And now as I lie on my deathbed, I suddenly realize: If I had only changed myself first, then by example I

From their inspiration and encouragement, I would then have been able the world. [答案] [解析] 1.imagination [语篇解读] 2.As 3.shortened 4.it 5.into 6.closest

7.but

改变世界从改变自己开始, 因为在我们改变自己的同时也潜移默化地影响着家庭。在他们的鼓舞和激励下, 我

们可能会使我们的国家变得更美好, 从某种角度来看, 也正改变着世界。 1.imagination 2.As 4.it 5.into 7.but 8.none 3.shortened 在形容词性物主代词后要用名词形式。 作谓语要用动词, 由上下文可知, 要用一般过去时。 表示“随着”, 要用 as 引导时间状语从句。 替代前文中的 to change only my country。 表示“长成” 用 grow into。 “家人” 是“最亲近的人” 。 have none of(=refuse to accept) 意为“不接受, 不理睬” 。 与过去事实相反的虚拟语气。 better 为动词, 例: He had tried hard to better his status, but failed. 他努力设法改善自己的地位, 但未能成功。 (2009 福建) 前后是转折关系。alas 唉, 哎呀(表示悲伤、忧愁、恐惧等) 例: Alas! He missed the train! 哎呀! 他误了火车了!

6.closest

9.would have changed 10.to better [变式训练]

阅读下面短文, 根据以下提示: 1)汉语提示, 2)首字母提示, 3)语境提示, 在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词, 并将该词完整地写 在右边相对应的横线上。所填单词要求意义准确, 拼写正确。 Mr. Smith offers us some advice on how to write a good composition, which i 1 Firstly, we should read the topic c writing in the g 4 read them aloud to will b 10 6 2 the following steps. 3 our own words and finish our 5 (语法) and spelling. It is very important to 9 will help a great deal. I hope you 9. which 10. benefit and organize our ideas. Then we start to shape our thoughts 7

time. After that, we have to check our compositions, paying attention to (自己) or someone else from 8

to end. Lastly, we had better ask our teachers or classmates for advice on how to

improve our writing. If [变式答案] [变式解析] 2. carefully 4. given 1. includes 1. includes

(可能), we may leave them alone for some time before reading again, 3. in4. given5. grammar 6. ourselves 7. beginning

a lot from the advice above. 2. carefully 8. possible 根据上文的 some advice 及下文的 the following steps 可知, 此处意为“包括” ; 主语是 which, 所以谓语动词

用第三人称单数形式。 read the topic 用副词 carefully(仔细地)修饰。 3. in in our own words 是固定搭配, 意为“用我们自己的话”。 in the given time 在被给出的时间内, 过去分词作定语表被动含义。 考查 grammar(语法)的拼写。 文章中多次出现了 us, we, 因此这里应该是“我们自己”。 from beginning to end 从开始到结束。 if possible 相当于 if it is possible。 which 引导非限制性定语从句, 它指代的是前面整个句子的内容。 benefit from. . . 从……中受益。 (2012 广东宝安、潮阳、南海、普宁、中山、仲元中学六校联考 B) 2 dusk. 5. grammar 6. ourselves 7. beginning 8. possible 9. which 10. benefit

[第 80 页 Cloze 23] 1 3

The hostess was to have a party and entertain guests at home. She busied herself so early in the morning, cleaning the house. She was so tired she felt pain in her waist and on the back. Drops of sweat fell from her forehead. She did not finish cleaning the house 4 (attract) by the fresh flowers. Surprisingly pleased, they cheered in praise, “Oh, what beautiful flowers!” (look) at the clean and tidy drawing room, she released a sigh with a smile on her face. The guests were coming! Entering the drawing room,

they

“How colorful and fragrant!” “Just a look at it, and life is full of pleasure!” Then they went on to express their thanks 5 the hostess for her 6 (delicate) arranged flowers. 7 bit surprised about it. I 8 make With an embarrassed smile, the hostess said, “I am glad you like it. Thank you for your praise. I was it by just lifting my hand. Now you are 9 (aware) of my hard work and praise 10

detailed arrangement for your honor. I was busy the whole day cleaning and mopping. As to the flowers in the vase, it is a piece of cake. I did highly for my easiest effort. It is beyond my

expectation.” [答案] [解析] 1.that 1.that 2.until/till 3.Looking 4.were attracted 5.to 6.delicately 7.a 8.did 9.unaware 10.me [语篇解读] 女主人因为客人们只赞扬她举手之劳所摆放的花, 而忽略了她打扫房间的一天辛劳而感到意外。

so... that... 结果状语从句“如此……以至于……”, 例: He worked so hard that he finished the task ahead of schedule. 表示“直到……才” 用 not... until..., 例: He didn' t wake up until the alarm clock rang. 句意: 瞧着干净、整洁的客厅, 她面带微笑叹了一口气。Looking 部分为伴随状语。 这里表示“客人被鲜花吸引住了”, 故要用被动语态。

2.until/till 3.Looking 5.to 7.a 8.did

4.were attracted 6.delicately

向某人表示感激或感谢用 express one' s thanks to sb., 类似用法: say thanks to sb., say hello to sb. 。 delicately=gracefully“优雅地”, 副词+过去分词合成形容词: closely-related 紧密相关的, casually-dressed 穿着随意的。 “有点” 用 a bit 或 a little, 修饰形容词或比较级: Your article is a bit/a little long. 你的文章长了一点。 /Better drive a bit/a little slower. 助动词 do 的各种形式放在谓语动词之前表示强调, 表示“的确、确实” 之意。Do come early. /He does like music. /He did get up 句意: 你们没有注意到(be unaware of) 我的辛劳。例: He is aware of his shortcomings. 他知道自己的缺点。 (广东省湛江市 2013 届高三 10 月调研测试)

最好开车慢点。 early this morning. 9.unaware 10.me [变式训练] praise sb. for sth. “因……赞扬某人”, 例: Our teacher praised him for his hard work.

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使 用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16 —25 的相应位置上。 One evening I was resting in a cafe. I wore a pair of newly bought white leather shoes, 16 were rather expensive. Then a boy came to me. He was in 17 old and not fit shirt, looking pale and about eleven. No sooner had I begun to speak than he opened the box in his hand and took heavy rain began to pour down. People rushed to the cafe for 19 out the tools of shoe-polishing. He was busy doing his work 18

(protect) from the rain. More and more people crowded in and gradually separated the boy 20 me. Hours passed, and it turned dark. I had no shoes on my feet and wondered where the boy had been. I thought I would have to go home on my bare feet. When it was near midnight, the cafe was to be closed. I had to move to the door, just as I went to the gate, I 21 (surprise) found that a boy of about eleven, 22 (look) very familiar, was sleeping at the door with his head leaning 23 a box. I shook him slightly and woke him 16. which 23. against 16. which 17. an 24. up 24 .He opened the package hurriedly, gave me my leather shoes, and apologized to me shyly. 18. when 25. unfit 19. protection 20. from 21. surprisedly I paid him and wrapped him with his 25 (fit) shirt. On my way home, the image of the boy stayed in my mind. [ 变式答案 ] 22. looking [变式解析] 17. an 18. when 连词。 19. protection 20. from protect 是及物动词,protection 是其名词形式。for protection from the rain 意思是“为了防雨”,相当于 for protecting separate…from…是习惯搭配,意思是“使……与……分离,使……与……分开”。 首先,副词修饰动词,其次,这里是形容人的感受,因此应使用副词 surprisedly。I surprisedly found…意思是“我 a boy 是 look 的逻辑主语,两者之间是主动关系,looking 引导的现在分词短语在句中作定语,即:…a boy of about lean against 是习惯搭配,意思是“依靠,靠在”。 wake sb. up 是习惯搭配,意思是“唤醒某人,叫醒某人”。 根据 17 空后的提示可知,这里应使用形容词 fit 的反义词形式 unfit,意思是“不合适的”。 (2012 深圳高级中学高三上学期期末考试) 1 no one has been able to prove that fish is any 3 4 2 themselves from the rain。 21. surprisedly 22. looking 23. against 24. up 25. unfit 句中作主语。 shirt 在此处是指泛指,且 old 为元音音素开头的词,其前应使用不定冠词 an。an old and not fit shirt 意思是“一件又旧又 他正忙着手里的活儿,这时突然下起了瓢泼大雨。表示“就在这时”,强调动作的突发性,用 when,when 此时是并列 不合身的衬衫”。

先行词 shoes 指物,应使用关系代词 which 引导非限制性定语从句,对其进行补充说明,且 which 在从

惊讶地发现……”。注意 surprisingly 意思是“令人惊讶地”,如:He found the book surprisingly useful. 他发现这本书惊人地有用。 eleven, looking very familiar, was sleeping at the door…相当于…a boy of about eleven, who looked very familiar, was sleeping at the door…

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Even today there are a great many wrong ideas about food. Some of them are very widespread. One such idea is that fish is the best brain food. Fish is good brain food just as it is good muscle food and skin food and bone food. (good) for the brain than many other foods. Another such idea is that you should not drink water with meals. Washing food down as a substitute for chewing is not a good idea, but some water with meals has been found to be helpful. more freely and helps to digest the food. A few years ago the belief became general 5 water

makes the digestive juices flow

orange juice and milk should never be drunk at the

same time. The reason

6 (give) was that the acid in the orange juice would make the milk curdle( 凝结) and become indigestible. As a 7 first step in its digestion. 10 the same way, milk, 8 (eat) simultaneously. Many people think of

matter of fact, milk always meets in the stomach a digestive juice which curdles it; the curdling of the milk is Still another wrong idea about mixing foods is that proteins and carbohydrates should never bread, for example, as a carbohydrate food. It is [答案] [解析] 1.But 2.better 4.It 5.that 7.the 1.But 2.better 3.with 4.It 5.that 9 probably the best single food, contains both proteins and carbohydrates. 6.given 7.the 8.be eaten 9.chiefly 10.In [语篇解读] (chief) a carbohydrate food, but it also contains proteins.

即使是今天也有许多关于食品的错误的观点。本文就列举了其中的四个常见的错误观点。

该词引起中心句。 该句中的 than 说明要用比较级。

3.with 句意: 用水送入食品来代替咀嚼不是个好主意, 但是吃饭时喝些水被发现是有助的。 it 指前一个句子, 这种类型的句子也可用定语从句。 例: Smoking is bad for health. It is clear to everyone. 改为定语从句: Smoking is that 引导同位语从句, 说明 belief 的具体内容, 但之间被 became general 所隔离。 定冠词与序数词搭配。 句意: 另一个关于混合着吃食品的错误的观点是蛋白质与碳水化合物不能同时(simultaneously) 被吃进。 副词修饰 be 动词, 相当于 mainly, largely, 例: They are chiefly/mainly/largely students. 他们主要是学生。 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的语法的正确 1 life suffered 2 that each bad for health, which is clear to everyone. 6.given 过去分词作定语, “被给出的理由” 。例: the story made up by a boy 男孩编的故事。 8.be eaten 9.chiefly

10.In 句意: 同样, 被认为是最好的单一食品的牛奶也同时含有蛋白质和碳水化合物。 [变式训练] 形式填空。 The words of wisdom I live by come from my grandmother who lived to be 100 years old. She was an amazing woman who and every day was another day to learn something in my home that was 5 3 . 4 she had always wanted to take, and I have one of her paintings 6 (pass) on from generation to many tragedies but continued her pursue in life by teaching at a small middle school in Winnebago, Neb. She told me a long time When she gave up teaching at age 89 she went on to take some art courses generation. After going through a divorce after 31 years of through my grandmother’s encouragement I started My children have lived by my the words of others. [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.through 2.ago 1.through [语篇解读] 2.ago 3.new 4.that/which/不填 5.painted 6.passed 7.marriage 8.taking/to take 9.words 10.travel 作者从自己祖母的人生经历说到了她对生活的态度影响了作者,作者也这样教育自己的孩子。 9 8 7

(paint) when she was 91 years young. To me it is beautiful, a part of her can be

(marry) and four beautiful children, I thought my life was over. But then

some college courses and found another whole new world began to open up to me. 10 the world, but through reading, the world can be seen through

(word) : “Can’t isn’t in the dictionary.” This is what I told them from the time they were little, and I will

tell my grandchildren this too. I also told them that they may not be able to

这里的 through 意为“从……开始至终;在……整个期间”,也就是贯穿作者祖母的一生。

本句的 told 说明这里用的是一般过去时,ago 就是一般过去时的标志。 这里的 art courses 是先行词,因为是指物,可以用关系代词 that 或者 which,而且在定语从句里作宾语,所以可以省略。

3.new 本句的 every day was another day 说明作者的祖母告诉她每一天都是不同的,都能学到新东西,所以这里用 new。 4.that/which/不填 5.painted 6.passed 7.marriage 9.words 10.travel 本句的 paintings 说明作者收藏着祖母在 91 岁时画的画,这里用的是被动语态。 句中的 from generation to generation 说明作者希望这幅画能代代相传下去,短语 pass on“传递;相传”符合题意。 本句的 divorce 说明作者经历了 30 年的婚姻后离婚。 第 4 空后的 take 是解题线索,但是要注意本空是作谓语动词 start 的宾语,所以要用 taking,也可以使用 to take。

8.taking/to take

本空后的“Can’t isn’t in the dictionary.”说明作者就是用这句话里的几个词来教育自己的孩子。 本句的 the world can be seen 说明本空应该填的是 travel 这个动词。 (2012 广东广州高三毕业班综合测试二) 1 the situation has slightly improved, many women are still not included in family decisions, 3 2 as a result

[第 80 页 Cloze 21]

Inequality between men and women results in poorer health for children and greater family poverty(贫穷), according to a new study. The UN agency Unicef found that, their children are more likely to suffer from poor health. The main finding of the 30-country survey is that equality between men and women is vital to especially for children in developing countries. The conclusions are contained in the agency' s opportunities for girls and women in education and work, which contributes household, less money An increase in 8 6 (spend) on healthcare and food, 7 (employ) opportunities for women would increase 9 5 4 (improve) living standards and health, (late) report. This report points to a lack of

their poverty and lack of power. Where men control the

results in poorer health for children. household power, the report said. For example, the agency found

that whoever has more household income decides [ 答 案 ] 1.although/though 8.employment 9.their spent [解析] 2.and 7.which

10

or not it will be used for family needs. 3.improving 4.latest 5.to 6.is spent/will be

2.and 10.whether

[语篇解读]

一个家庭里, 夫妻男女不平等会造成孩子的健康状态不佳以及贫穷。

1.although/though 3.improving 5.to

联合国机构发现, 尽管这种情况有了改善, 但是很多妇女还是被排除在家庭决定外。

并且, 结果他们的孩子也更有可能身体不健康。 这里的 is vital to, to 是介词, 所以要用动名词。相类似的还有 pay attention to, stick to, look forward to 等等。

4.latest 这些结论被包含在这个机构的最新的报告中。late 迟到的, later 之后, latest 最新的。 contribute to, 固定搭配, 对……做贡献; 导致。这里意思是: 这会导致贫穷。 由男人掌管家庭事务的家庭里, 更少的钱就会被花在健康和食物上。 这会导致小孩子的健康更糟糕。非限制性定语从句, 用 which 而不用 that。 employment opportunity 就业机会, 惯用说法。 妇女的就业机会增加了的话, 会增加妇女们的管理家务事的权利。指代妇女们, 用 their。 whether 和 or not 搭配。if 不可以。翻译为: 在家庭里, 谁的收入高, 谁就能决定是否这个钱将被用在家庭需要上。 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示: 1)汉语提示, 2)首字母提示, 3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,并将该词 6.is spent/will be spent 7.which 9.their 8.employment 10.whether [变式训练]

完整地写在相对应的横线上。所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。 Women are playing a much more important part in society today. Now women are working 1 teachers, scientists and even leaders. We have to admit the fact that almost all jobs down upon in society. With these 4 5 2 used to be done by men are done perfectly well today by women. Women are no longerl 3 women’s position in the family has been 6 TV. 7 of men still guard their rights. Theyt 8 of women as incapable creatures. Sometimes few women 10 (解决) now. 8.think 9.attend 10.solve 9 1.as (出席) important meetings. This is the problem we should try to 2.that 3.looked 4.changes 5.improved In spite of all these changes, a greatn are allowed to [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.as 2.that (改变) in their social role,

(改善) as well. It is hard to find the wife is busy while the husband is sitting in an armchair, w

6.watching 7.number

[语篇解读]

本文是说明文,讲述的是现代女性在社会中的地位和作用都日益提高。

此处 as 是介词,意为“作为……身份”。 此处是一个定语从句,jobs 在从句里作主语,但是因为先行词前有 all 修饰,关系代词只能用 that,不能用 which。 此处是固定短语 look down upon“看不起”。 注意本空前的 these,说明 change 要用复数形式。 本空前的 has been 说明此处要用被动语态。 此处是现在分词作伴随状语。 此处是考查 a great number of “很多”,修饰可数名词复数的用法。 “把……当做”我们可以用 look on...as;think of...as;regard...as。 首先考查 allow sb.to do sth.,其次注意“参加会议”用 attend 而非 join。 try to do sth.说明本空用动词原形,注意单词拼写。 (2013 珠海高三上学期期末质检) 2 a solution using water and earth. The first

3.looked 4.changes

5.improved 6.watching 7.number 8.think 9.attend 10.solve

[第 80 页 Cloze 20] crafts, 1

One day the king of the gods, Zeus, decided that he would populate the world with women as well as men. So he ordered Hephaistos, the god of (create) the first woman. Hephaistos thought a great deal and eventually came up woman' s arrival on the earth was the opportunity for a splendid party and the gods decided to celebrate by giving her some presents. So they each gave her one talent: for example, Aphrodite, the goddess of love, gave beauty; Apollo, the god of music, gave her musical ability; and Hermes, the messenger of the gods gave her persuasion. As a result Zeus decided that she would be called Pandora, which means “all-gifted”. So Pandora was sent to the earth to live with the rest of mankind. under 4 circumstances. However, being 6 5 famine and floods 3 she went she was given a box which she was ordered never to open (nature) curious, Pandora, opened the box, and all the evils of the world such as war, disease, 7 (escape), and there was only one thing lying at the 8 (call) “Let me out! Let me out!” Frightened as 10

were contained within it escaped and spread over the earth. Pandora was horrified to see such things escaping but she

found it impossible to close the lid. At last when almost the entire contents of the box 9

bottom of the box, Pandora managed to close the lid. Immediately there was a tiny voice

was, Pandora cautiously opened the box in time to see the small object within —Hope—wing its way out into the world. So that was 1.to create [语篇解读] 2.with 3.Before 4.any 5.naturally 6.that/which 7.had escaped 8.calling 9.she 10.how

the earth was filled with evil as a result of Pandora' s curiosity. Fortunately, there is HOPE on earth as well. [答案] [解析] 本文为记叙文。传说大地上的第一个女人——潘多拉, 得到众神赐予的许多礼物, 在她去地球之前她得到了一

个魔盒。 潘多拉不听命令最终在强烈的好奇心驱使下打开了魔盒, 使整个世界被从魔盒中释放出的各种邪灵所充斥而陷于混沌之中。

1.to create 3.Before 5.naturally 6.that/which

考查非谓语动词。order sb. to do sth. 意为: 命令某人去做某事。 考查连词。此处用 before 引导时间状语从句, 表示: 在她去之前, 她得到了一个盒子。 考查副词。此处用副词 naturally 修饰形容词 curious。 考查关系代词。此处为定语从句, 先行词为 all the evils of the world, 故用关系代词 that/which 引导, 并在从句中作主语。 考查动词时态。此处用过去完成时表示过去的过去。

2.with 考查介词。come up with“想出, 提出(计划、想法等)” 。 4.any 考查代词。under any circumstances: 在任何情况下。

7.had escaped 8.calling 9.she

考查动词。动词 call 和 voice 是主动关系, 故用现在分词形式作伴随状语。

考查代词。此处用 she 指代 Pandora。 请认真阅读下面对话,并根据各题所给首字母的提示,在横线上写出一个英语单词的完整、正确形式,使对话通顺。 in your stomach? after meals. ? a my heart?

10.how 此处用 how 引导表语从句, 句意: 所以那就是因为潘多拉的好奇, 地球如何被充满邪恶的。 [变式训练] W:Yes, (2) p W:Is it so (3) s M: I’m afraid so. W: Operation? What (4) M:Let me (5) f your pulse. Have you been weak recently? ? . heart trouble? M: Well, Mrs. Wang. Do you have a (1) p

M: Let me see your X-ray result. I’m afraid you need an operation right now.

W: Yes, I get tired rather easily. M: Have you been losing any (6) w W: I suppose so. The mirror tells me (7) t M: Has anyone in your family (8) g M: (9) Y

W: Well, Both my parents have high blood-pressure, and my grandfather died of a heart attack. heart is in a rather bad state. operation some day. 3.serious 4.about 5.feel 6.weight 7.that 8.got W: You mean I should have (10) a M: Yes, very likely. [变式答案] 9.Your [变式解析] 3.serious 4.about 5.feel 7.that 8.got 9.Your 6.weight 1.pain 10.another 1.pain 结合下文可知这是医生和病人的对话,考查初次诊断时的常用交际用语。 2.particularly

2.particularly 肯定回答后又特别强调,此处需要副词。 上文说到了可能要手术,女士没想到那么严重。 在征询对方的意见或建议,用 What/How about...? feel one’s pulse“号脉”。 lose weight“减肥;变瘦”,与上文 weak 呼应,也与下文 mirror tells 呼应。 that 指代自己消瘦这件事。 got 此处意为“得;患”。 这是医生给出的结论。 表泛指。 (2013 佛山普通高中高三上学期期末质检一) 1 she walks six dogs at the same time. They are not all hers. 2 25-year-old veterinary graduate

10.another

[第 80 页 Cloze 19]

Ma Wendi is used to curious glances is a full-time dog walker.

“I have to take care of twelve dogs at most,” said Ma. She charges 500 yuan a month per dog, and most customers leave their dogs at her house for a week. The traveling. “ 5 (compare) with people who have to be in their offices during the day, I don' t have to get up early 7 6 (squeeze) into the subway carriages in the rush hour, and I still make a decent salary,” she said. “But it' s a tiring job. I have to work whenever there are dogs at home, and no time to enjoy shopping, but I can' t do so Ma knows [答案] [解析] 9 1.when 2.The 8 I worry about them,” she said. 10 (refer) to it. 9.all 10.is referring 4.or 5.Compared 6.to squeeze 7.myself 8.because . Sometimes I want to go out for a meal or 3 (busy) time is around Spring Festival, because many people go back to their hometowns for family reunions 4 go

the dogs' names, and when she calls one' s name, the dog instantly knows she 3.busiest

[语篇解读]

本文为记叙文。讲述一个叫马雯迪的 17 岁的兽医毕业生是从事全职照顾狗的工作的。

1.when 2.The 4.or 3.busiest

考查连词。此处用 when 引导时间状语从句。句意: 当她同时遛六只狗时, 她已习惯了路人的好奇的眼光。 考查冠词。此处用 the 表示特指。 考查形容词最高级。句意: 春节前后是最忙碌的时候…… 考查动词。compare... with“与……相比较” 。此处为用过去分词作状语的用法。 此处用不定式作目的状语。

考查连词。or 或者。句意: ……因为很多人回家团圆或者去旅行了。

5.Compared 6.to squeeze 7.myself 8.because 9.all

考查代词。enjoy oneself: 过得快活, 感到愉快。 考查连词。because 因为, 引导原因状语从句。句意: 有时候我想出去吃饭或者购物, 但是我不能这样做因为我担心它们。 考查动词时态。句意: ……当她叫一只狗的名字时, 那只狗马上知道她正是指它自己。 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词。 1 has creative, new ideas and possesses good skills,” she said. “The quality of the education I received 3 4 2

句意: 马雯迪知道所有狗的名字……

10.is referring [变式训练]

As a student of fashion design, Eunice has nearly finished her course. She is confident that her degree will help her to win a good job. “Employers need someone good and very useful for my future career.” Eunice cites three reasons for coming to Australia natural environment, and to be closer to her aunt. “Australia is a multicultural environment safe, natural environment for living,” she said. Eunice speaks 6 from the school,” she said. Finally, she adds, “Have faith in Australia.” [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.who 1.who 2.is 3.to 4.which 5.highly 6.others 7.If 8.your [语篇解读] 本文是记叙文,文章介绍了在澳大利亚求学的 Eunice 对自己的求学经历的感悟和收获。 5 8 to make use of them. “Australia is definitely a good country for studying. 7 study: the multicultural environment, the has enriched my life experiences. It is also a

of the support services available to international students and encourages you have difficulties with your study or living, ask for help future because you have received a quality and recognised education in

这是一个定语从句,先行词是 someone,当类似的表示人的不定代词充当先行词的时候要用 who 来引导定语从句。本句中的

who 在定语从句中充当主语,所以不能省略。 2.is 划分本句的主干,the education I received 是定语从句,可将其划去以帮助更好地理解句子。本句主句的主语是 the quality,所以谓 语动词要用单数。 3.to 这里考查的是不定式作目的状语。 这是一个定语从句,先行词是 environment。本句中的 which 在定语从句中充当主语,所以不能省略。 这里考查的是固定短语“speak highly of 高度赞扬”,同义短语还有 think highly of。 Eunice 是在澳大利亚求学的留学生,而她鼓励更多的人来此求学,这里是泛指其他的人,所以用 others。 本句话是 Eunice 对可能到此求学的人说的,所以要用 your,这也和原因状语从句的 you 吻合。 (2013 茂名高三第一次高考模拟考试) 1 you to share your stories about language 3 (join) the discussion on the 2 you learned English. Thanks to everyone who 5 4.which 5.highly 6.others 8.your

7.If 根据本空后的 you have difficulties with your study or living,说明这里表示的是一种假设,所以这里使用 if 引导条件状语从句。

[第 79 页 Cloze 18]

A few months ago we started a blog called“Confessions of an English Learner.” This blog is misunderstandings. Many of you provided advice about blog so far. One web visitor described his 4

(difficult) with two English language words that sound similar 6

are very different in meaning. Moises 7 a co-worker came into

wrote from his home in El Salvador. He described a mistake he made on his first visit

the United States.

At the time, Moises was working on a cruise ship. It was his second day. He was organizing some of his belongings excited 8 (use) his English. He answered, “No thanks. I am not hungry.” 9

the room they were sharing. The co-worker asked, “Hey, my friend, do you want soap?” Moises wrote that he was surprised by the question and Well, everyone in the room started laughing and Moises did not understand the joke. you use to wash yourself. “Soup” is what you eat. Moises said this incident happened ten years ago. He added, “Do you imagine that I am [答案] [解析] 1.for 1.for 2.how 3.has joined 4.difficulty 5.but 6.to 7.when [语篇解读] 10 English teacher now?” 9.His 10.an 8.to use new friends then explained that“soap” is something

本文为记叙文。讲述了一个博客上, 博友分享的一个因对英语语言误解而引起的有趣小故事。

考查介词。for: 为了。句意: 这个博客是让你们分享有关语言误解的故事的。 考查动词时态。此处用现在完成时。句意: 谢谢目前已经加入了博客上的讨论的每一位。 在形容词性物主代词 his 后, 应该用名词形式 difficulty。

2.how 考查关系副词。句意: 你们中的许多人提供了你们如何学英语的建议。 3.has joined 4.difficulty 5.but 6.to

考查连词。but 表示转折。句意: ……两个英文单词发音相似但意思却很不同。 考查介词。on one' s first visit to: 某人初次拜访, 其中 to 是介词, 后接地点名词。

7.when 8.to use

考查连词。句意: 当一个同事走进他们共享的房间时, 他正在整理他的一些物品。 此处为“be+形容词(主要是感情类动词) +动词不定式” 的结构。

9.His 考查代词。His new friends 他的新朋友们。 10.an 考查冠词。teacher 为可数名词单数, English 为元音音素开头的单词, 故用不定冠词 an 表示泛指。an English teacher: 一位英语 老师。 [变式训练] 形式填空。 The words of wisdom I live by come from my grandmother who lived to be 100 years old. She was an amazing woman who and every day was another day to learn something in my home that was 5 3 . 4 she had always wanted to take, and I have one of her paintings 6 (pass) on from generation to 1 life suffered 2 that each many tragedies but continued her pursue in life by teaching at a small middle school in Winnebago, Neb. She told me a long time When she gave up teaching at age 89 she went on to take some art courses generation. After going through a divorce after 31 years of through my grandmother’s encouragement I started My children have lived by my the words of others. [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.through 2.ago 1.through 2.ago [语篇解读] 3.new 4.that/which/不填 5.painted 6.passed 7.marriage 8.taking/to take 9.words 10.travel 作者从自己祖母的人生经历说到了她对生活的态度影响了作者,作者也这样教育自己的孩子。 9 8 7 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的语法的正确

(paint) when she was 91 years young. To me it is beautiful, a part of her can be

(marry) and four beautiful children, I thought my life was over. But then

some college courses and found another whole new world began to open up to me. 10 the world, but through reading, the world can be seen through

(word) : “Can’t isn’t in the dictionary.” This is what I told them from the time they were little, and I will

tell my grandchildren this too. I also told them that they may not be able to

这里的 through 意为“从……开始至终;在……整个期间”,也就是贯穿作者祖母的一生。

本句的 told 说明这里用的是一般过去时,ago 就是一般过去时的标志。 这里的 art courses 是先行词,因为是指物,可以用关系代词 that 或者 which,而且在定语从句里作宾语,所以可以省略。

3.new 本句的 every day was another day 说明作者的祖母告诉她每一天都是不同的,都能学到新东西,所以这里用 new。 4.that/which/不填 5.painted 6.passed 7.marriage 9.words 10.travel 本句的 paintings 说明作者收藏着祖母在 91 岁时画的画,这里用的是被动语态。 句中的 from generation to generation 说明作者希望这幅画能代代相传下去,短语 pass on“传递;相传”符合题意。 本句的 divorce 说明作者经历了 30 年的婚姻后离婚。 第 4 空后的 take 是解题线索,但是要注意本空是作谓语动词 start 的宾语,所以要用 taking,也可以使用 to take。

8.taking/to take

本空后的“Can’t isn’t in the dictionary.”说明作者就是用这句话里的几个词来教育自己的孩子。 本句的 the world can be seen 说明本空应该填的是 travel 这个动词。 (2013 汕头高三上学期期末统测) 1 4 looks fantastic. you want. The

[第 79 页 Cloze 17] Dear Gill,

Do you remember me telling you about a health farm I' d seen advertised? Well, I' ve looked at the ad again and I must say have an access 2 the gardens. All the meals are offered at a 5 7 3 (reason) price and you can also get room service 6

Now I' m hoping to persuade you to join me to go there for a weekend! The rooms you stay in sound really luxurious and apparently they all brochure says that what you do is (entire) up to you. You can have program specially (design) to suit you, or you can just ask staff to

make a few suggestions about activities to do. You can use 8

of the sports and leisure facilities for as much as you like, and the brochure

also mentions lots of other activities every day. But don' t worry, as nobody will watch you do anything, you could just spend the whole time (relax) in the sauna if you wanted! There' s a terrific offer on at the moment with weekends costing only half the normal price although that certain dates. Anyway, let me know 10 you think. is only 9 Best wishes, Sue [答案] [解析] 1.it 2.to 1.it 2.to 3.reasonable 4.whenever/if 5.entirely 6.designed 7.any 8.relaxing 9.for 10.what [语篇解读] 本文为应用文。作者写信邀她朋友 Gill 周末一起去一个健康农场度假并在信中介绍了农场的特色。

考查代词。此处用 it 代替前面提到的 a health farm。 考查介词。固定搭配: have an access to sth. /sp. 有接触某物的机会或有进入某地的通道, 其中 to 为介词。have an access to the 在冠词 a 和名词 price 之间, 应用形容词修饰名词 price。 考查连词。此处可用 whenever 或 if 引导状语从句。句意: 提供的所有饭菜都是在一个合理的价格, 你需要的话也可

gardens 有进入花园的通道。 3.reasonable 4.whenever/if 5.entirely 6.designed

以叫房间服务。 考查副词。用副词修饰 up to(取决于) 。句意: 手册上说, 你做什么完全取决于你。 考查非谓语动词。动词 design 与 program 是被动关系, designed to suit you 作后置定语。

7.any 考查不定代词。此处表示你可以使用任何(any) 体育和休闲设施。 8.relaxing 9.for 10.what spend+时间/钱+(in) doing sth. 花时间或钱做某事。 考查宾语从句。此处用 what 引导宾语从句, 并作从句中 think 的宾语。句意: 不管怎么样, 让我知道你的想法。 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示: 1)汉语提示, 2)首字母提示, 3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,并将该词 1 , It may cause a lot of problems. It may pollute the air 3 to the 考查介词。周末有很棒的特惠, 只需要花平常价格的一半钱, 虽然那只为(for) 特定的日期特价。

[变式训练]

完整地写在相对应的横线上。所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。 It is important to deal with the rubbish in cities. Rubbish must be treated properly. O and water. When people breathe the polluted air or problem. As far as I know, some rubbish is sorted and sent to different it isp 7 into rivers. To 1.Otherwise [语篇解读] 8 4 (工厂). Rubbish, such as old newspapers and glass, Is 6 9 5 (回收利用). Some harmful rubbish is sent to a certain place and buried. Waste air is We should do our best to take good care of the environment andf [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.Otherwise 3.attention 4.factories 5.recycled 6.cleaned 7.poured 8.protect 9.throwing 10.fight 2.drink 3.attention 4.factories 10 (净化) before it goes into the air. Waste water is treated before rubbish everywhere. 10.fight 2 the polluted water, they may get ill. Our city has begun to pay

(保护) the environment, the government has passed laws to prevent people fromt against pollution. 6.cleaned 7.poured 8.protect 5.recycled

9.throwing

本文是说明文。讲述了关于处理城市垃圾的方法、目的和重要性。

这里是表示让步关系,而且需要的是副词,所以要用 Otherwise。 此处考查动词短语 pay attention to。 注意这里要用名词复数形式。 主语是 Rubbish,应该是被回收利用,要用被动语态。

2.drink 在从句中有两个并列的谓语动词,即 breathe 和本空,因为主语是 people,所以用 drink。

主语是 Waste air,应该是被净化,要用被动语态。 主语是 Waste water,被倾入,要用被动语态。 注意区分 protect 和 prevent 的意义和拼写。 这里考查 prevent sb from doing sth,“防止某人做某事”。 and 是连词,连接的是 take good care of 和本空,所以用动词原形。 (2013 揭阳高三第一次高考模拟考试) 1 (watch) TV, some students have started working on

[第 79 页 Cloze 16]

“At last, no more exams.” It' s a common feeling among high school graduates who have just completed the college entrance exa mination. What a relief! However, rather than fill the next three months with sleep, eating, and finding a good choice of foreign college. Different from those who begin their Li' s classmate Mao Bingxin He Wei, 5 4 2 (apply) for foreign colleges in Senior 2, Li made a late decision on a US education. She began to 3 ( give ) up the college entrance exam. 6 much freedom this summer vacation 9 we don' t really 4.is think about it in Senior 3, but decided not

(consider) studying in Canada after the top exam. She began a TOEFL course on June 11. 7 she can study French and some overseas study consulting agencies. 10 it, the more choices we will be given.” she said. 3.to give

18-year-old student who studies at Shenzhen Bao' an High School, isn' t allowing 8

either, devoting her time to looking for a language school He Wei considers [ [解析] 答 案 5.an

worthwhile spending the summer preparing for college ra ther than hanging out with friends. “ ] 6.herself 7.where 1.watching 8.it 2.applications 10.for

know what the future holds for us, we are sure that the better preparations we make considering 9.Though/Although/While

[语篇解读]

“终于, 不用再考试了。” 这是刚考完高考的很多高中毕业生的共同感受。高考结束后, 这三个月你打算做些什

么呢? 一些学生已经开始努力寻找出国学习的机会。 1.watching 3.to give 作介词 with 的宾语, 故要用 watching。 在形容词性物主代词 their 后, 应用名词。 考查动词时态。句意: 李的同学毛冰心考完试后正在考虑到加拿大学习。 考查非谓语动词。decide to do sth. 决定做某事。 2.applications 4.is considering 6.herself 7.where 8.it

5.an 考查冠词。此处用不定冠词表示泛指, 18-year-old 是以元音音素开头, 故用 an。 考查代词。不允许自己这个暑假有太多自由。 考查定语从句。此处先行词为 school, 用关系副词 where 引导, 并在从句中作状语。 考查连词。句意: 虽然我们真的不知道未来会带给我们什么……

考查代词。此处用 it 作 considers 的形式宾语, 形容词 worthwhile 作宾补, 后面的“spending the summer...” 才是真正的宾语。 考查介词。 make preparations for sth. 为 …… 作准备。这里包含了一个定语从句 , 先行词是 preparations, 省略了关系代词

9.Though/Although/While 10.for that/which。

[变式训练]

(2012 广东省广州市普通高中高三毕业班 4 月综合测试二)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将 答案填写在答题卡标号为 16-25 的相应位置上。 Inequality between men and women results in poorer health for children and greater family poverty( 贫穷),according to a new study. The UN agency Unicef found that, __16___ the situation has slightly improved, many women are still not included in family decisions,___17___ as __18___(improve) living standards and health, __19___ (late) report. This report points to a a result their children are more likely to suffer from poor health. The main finding of the 30-country survey is that equality between men and women is vital to especially for children in developing countries. The conclusions are contained in the agency’s control the household, less money ___21___ An increase in [变式答案] employment [变式解析] 体不健康。 17. and 19. latest 20. to as a result 只能在句中作状语,不能起到连接句子的作用,故其前需添加并列连词 and。 be vital to 意为“对...……至关重要的”,其中 to 是介词,后面需接动名词作宾语。 这些结论包含在该机构的最新报告中。形容词 latest 意为“the most recent or newest 最近的,最新的”。 这份报告指出,女童和妇女在教育和工作方面缺乏机会,这是她们贫穷和缺乏权力的原因之一。 contribute to sth 意为 根据 sb spend money onsth 这一用法可知,该句主语 money 与 spend 之间为动宾关系,应使用被动语态。 18. improving ( spend) on healthcare and food,___22___

lack of opportunities for girls and women in education and work ,which contributes __20___ their poverty and lack of power. Where men results in poorer health for children. __23___ (employ) opportunities for women would increase ___24___ household power, the report said. For example, the 17. and 18. improving 19. latest 20. to 21. is spent/will be spent 22. which 23.

agency found that whoever has more household income decides __25___ or not it will be used for family needs. 16. though/although 24. their 16. though/although 25. whether 虽然情况已经稍微好转,但是许多妇女仍然不能参与家庭决策,因此她们的孩子也更有可能身

“是...……的原因之一;对...……起促成作用”。 21. is spent/will bespent 22. which 在男子持家的地方,(人们)会把较少的钱花在医疗保健和食品上,这导致儿童健康状况更差。关系代词 which 引导

非限制性定语从句,指代上文一整句话。 23. employment。employment opportunities 意为“就业机会”。 24. their 25. whether 该报告说,妇女就业机会的增长将增加她们的家庭权利。 whether or not 这里引导宾语从句,意为“是否”。 (2013 惠州高三第二次调研考试 ) 1 went to the window and looked out. He was surprised to see a neatly 3 4 (arrive) by the night train and decided to walk to the university 2 worked in the university near his house. He had grey hair and thick glasses, and was carrying

[第 79 页 Cloze 15]

Mr. Jones woke early one morning. It was a beautiful morning, so dressed, middle-aged professor, instead of 5 (take) a taxi. 6

umbrella, a morning newspaper and a bag. Mr. Jones thought that he must

Mr. Jones had a big tree in his garden, and the children had tied a long rope to one of its branches, so that they could swing on it. Mr. Jones was surprised to see the professor stop and look it hard rope. At last the professor stopped and continued on his way 10 [答案] [解析] 1.he 2.who 1.he 2.who 3.an 4.have arrived 5.taking [ 语篇解读] the university, looking as quiet and correct as one would expect a professor to be. 6.carefully 7.When 8.to see 9.ran 10.to 8 (care) up and down the road. 9 7 he saw that there was nobody in sight, he stepped into the garden (there was no fence), put his umbrella, newspaper, bag and hat neatly on the grass and took hold of the rope. He pulled (see) whether it was strong enough to take his weight, then (run) as fast as he could and swung into the air on the end of the

本文为记叙文。在一个美丽的早晨 , 琼斯先生望向窗外时, 发现在附近大学任教的一位穿着整齐的中年教授,

悄悄走进他的花园, 在孩子们做的秋千上荡秋千。每个人的内心都有一颗孩子般的心。 考查代词。此处用 he 指代 Mr. Jones。 考查关系代词。此处为非限制性定语从句, 先行词是 professor, 故用关系代词 who。 考查情态动词表推测。表示对过去发生的事情的肯定猜测用 must have done。

3.an 考查冠词。umbrella 为可数名词单数且为元音音素开头, 故用不定冠词 an 表示泛指。 4.have arrived 6.carefully 7.When 8.to see 10.to 5.taking of 是介词, 后用动词-ing 形式。 考查副词。carefully 修饰动词 look。 考查连词。“当他看到视线内没有人”, 所以此处填 When。 考查非谓语动词。此处用不定式作目的状语。

9.ran 考查动词时态。由并列连词“then”, “and” 可知, 此处应用动词过去式作“pulled”, “swung” 的并列谓语。 考查介词。on one' s way to“去……途中”, 其中 to 是介词, 后面加地点。

[变式训练]

(2010 福建)

阅读下面短文,根据以下提示: 1)汉语提示, 2)首字母提示, 3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,并将该词完整地写在 右边相对应的横线上。所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。 Dear editor, I am Evan from Canada. Being the eldest child in the family has its disadvantages. First of all, I have to share all my 1.______ younger sisters. Of course, they don’t n I’m totally uninterested in their things. At meals, I have to eat whatever is addition, w practice of homework, Yours truly, Evan Smith [变式答案] [变式解析] 2. need 4. peace 6. their 7. when 8. more 10. give 3. Besides 1. toys 1. toys 2. need 3. Besides 4. peace 5. on 6. their 7. when 8. more 9. compared 10. give 由前面的 all 可知此处应该用复数。 to return the favor because 2.______ (除……之外) that, 3.______ . 4. ______ the plate regardless of 5. ______ favorite food. In 6. ______ (玩具) with my

they are always hanging around me. I just can’t get a moment’s p the taste. My sisters only try one bite if it’s not

it comes to practicing our musical instruments, I have to 7. ______ than double the time. Worst of all, I get a larger quantity 8. ______ (对比) to them. 9. ______ me some advice? 10. ______

I’m feeling rather annoyed. Can you please g

他们没有必要归还喜欢的玩具。 注意首字母要大写。 由前文“他们总是聚在我身边”可知,我没有一刻的平静。 their 在此代替 my sisters’。 when it comes to sth. /doing sth.为习语,意为: when it is a case, matter or question of(doing)sth.当涉及(做)某事物的情况、事情 由语境可知,练习乐器时,我所练的时间比她们多两倍。 作状语时,用 compared to 表“与……相比”。 give sb. some advice 给某人一些建议。 (2013 汕头普通高中高三教学质量测评) 1 (stay) at the hotel. The tour 5 2 (suppose) to 3 the guide finally turned up at the reception 30 minutes (leave) home on time but had 7

5. on 在盘子上应该用 on。

或问题时。 9. compared

[第 79 页 Cloze 14]

Although $10 seemed a lot for a guided walking tour, I' d paid up like most of the others start at 9 o' clock, so we were getting a little angry and were just about to give up late. The girl, 4

turned out to be an unexperienced guide on her first day of the job, explained that she 6

to go back as she' d forgotten the tour maps. First of all, she sorted out which of us already had maps and which didn' t. We eventually set out at a little after 10, more than an hour schedule and started heading for the old town. Although there were only about ten of us, I found 8 9 $10 and rely on my own map and intelligence for a more 5.had left 6.behind 7.it 8.closest/closer 10 hard to hear her commentary as she seemed to be talking to only the three or four people old church was cancelled abruptly, I decided to forget town. [答案] [解析] 1.staying 1.staying [语篇解读] 2.was supposed 3.when 4.who 9.the/that/my 10.personal 本文为记叙文, 讲述了作者有一次花 10 美元参加步行旅游团, 结果由于导游不守时、不专业、临时取消项目等 (close) to her. Finally, after a visit to a beautiful (person) tour of the

原因使作者不满, 后来决定还是放弃跟团, 自己一个人旅行。 此处用现在分词作后置定语。句意: 虽然花 10 美元参加步行旅游团似乎是很贵, 但我还是像待在酒店里的大部分人那样 考查动词语态。动词 suppose 和主语 The tour 是被动关系, 故用被动语态。be supposed to: 应该, 被期望。 全部付清了。 2.was supposed 3.when 4.who 6.behind 7.it 5.had left 考查连词。be about to do... when: 正准备做某事, 突然间……。 考查关系代词。此处为非限制性定语从句, 先行词是 The girl, 故用 who。 考查动词时态。leave 这个动作发生在 explained 之前, 故应用过去完成时。 考查介词。behind schedule: 落后于预定计划; 晚点; 误期; 误点。 考查比较级和最高级。句意: 她似乎只是在对与她最接近/更接近的那三四个人说。 考查冠词/代词。句意: 我决定放弃那/我的 10 美元, 靠自己的地图和智慧去继续这个城镇的更加个人的旅游。

考查代词。此为 find it hard to do sth. 结构, 用 it 作形式宾语, 真正的宾语为不定式。

8.closest/closer 9.the/that/my

10.personal [变式训练] A. gained E. long I. widespread

名词 tour 前应用形容词 personal 修饰, personal tour 个人旅游。 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从表格中选择一个适当的词填空。 B. confident F. wearing J. revolution 1 after. These fashionable shoes enjoy a varied history in men and women. 2 them were mostly 3 . The men heels were mainly worn in the courts. C. shortly D. admiration G. especially H. importance

The high heel shoes attribute (把……归因于) its existence to Catherine of Medici from Paris, who wore it owing to her short stature and became a part of the Originally, men and women both wore high heel shoes for centuries. The lower class walked barefoot and people popular figures such as actors. They wore indicating their social status and tried to gain shoes to seduce (诱惑) and marry men. Later, giovanni Casanova also declared his The year 1791 brought a significant 5 4

The modern fashion comes from Italian style ranging from 15 to 42 cm. The 17th century brought a change stating that women wore high heel for shoes that showed the beautiful legs of women. 6 greatest when Napoleon banished (摒弃) high heel shoes attempting to show equality. Regardless of 7 popularity, But in

Napoleonic rules, Marie Antoinette in 1793 appeared wearing shoes of two inches to the scaffold. Once again in the 1860s heels popularity. In fact, Victorians felt wearing them gave a symbolic curve to every woman. The late 19th century brought fashion. Stiletto heels are long and thin varying in lengths from 1 to 2 inches, and are 8 for women.

the 1930s the western shoe with heels received favorable response. In the early 1960s, miniskirt came into full form and the stilettos came into Even the tennis shoes came high heeled. The heelless high heel shoes allowed women to wear all types of shoes. Women love wearing shoes matching their outfit and appreciate wrapping their delicate and elegant feet. Especially, the high heel shoes certainly bring praises as they look highly 9 . CFHDJAIGB [语篇解读] 本文介绍了高跟鞋在历史长河中的变迁。 [变式答案] [变式解析] 2.F 3.H 4.D 5.J 6.A 7.I 8.G 9.B

1.C shortly after 意为“不久之后”,这里考查固定短语。 此处考查现在分词作后置定语。 为了显示自己的地位和重要性是有些人穿高跟鞋的目的。 Casanova 表示对高跟鞋的欣赏后,穿高跟鞋更流行。 本句是本段的主题句,说明了高跟鞋发展过程中的一些变革性革命。 gain 强调经过很大努力后最后获得的结果。 到 19 世纪末,说的是高跟鞋的影响范围之广。 结合实际生活,不难得出女士的高跟鞋将会更高。 本句说的是高跟鞋穿上后的效果。 Casanova 是意大利人,据说是顶尖的美男子,他的全名是:Casanova de seingalt Giovanni Giacomo。 (2013 广州普通高中毕业班综合测试二) 1 (walk) through a local market, a ten-year-old boy came over and begged me to buy a book, 3 my wonderful 4 (cheat) them. As I read I felt deeply

[温馨提示]

[第 78 页 Cloze 9] 2

It was my first trip to India, alone. One day, as I

had the words“Interesting India” on its cover. I bought it, thinking that when I returned home it would remind me

Indian adventure. The book claimed that Indians were very welcoming of tourists, and never tried touched by these warm words. Suddenly, a monkey came down from a nearby tree, snatched the book from my hand and took all my belongings. I couldn' t do anything 6 said it would cost me five US dollars. I had no other choice his living this way: tricking tourists. This was the [答案] [解析] 1.was walking [语篇解读] 2.which 3.of 10 8 5

away, along with my bag which contained 7 I wanted my belongings back. He 9 man made

stand and stare. Then a man approached me and asked

(leave), so I agreed to pay, but only after my bag was returned.

He blew a whistle and the monkey immediately threw the bag down. I picked it up and gave him the money. I later learnt that (bad) thing I ever experienced in“Interesting India”. 5.it 6.but 7.if/whether 8.left 9.the 10.worst 4.to cheat

本文是记叙文, 叙述了作者第一次去印度旅游中的一个小插曲 : 一只猴子拿了作者的包, 一位当地人向作者索

要 5 美金帮作者取回包, 作者后来意识到这是当地人挣钱的一种手段。 1.was walking 2.which 4.to cheat 5.it 6.but 考查动词的时态。表示过去正在进行的动作, 故用 was walking。句意: 当我正走过一个当地市场时, 一个 10 岁的小 男孩走了过来, 乞求我买一本书。 考查关系代词。此处为非限制性定语从句, 先行词为 a book, 在从句中作主语, 故用 which。 考查非谓语动词。try to do sth. 设法去做某事。 3.of 考查固定搭配。remind sb. of sth. 让某人想起某事。 考查代词。it 指代 the book。 固定搭配 cannot do anything but do sth. 什么也做不了除了……。句意: 除了站在那盯着, 我什么也做不了。

7.if/whether 8.left 9.the

考查连词。if/whether 是否, 此处引导宾语从句。句意: 然后一个男人朝我走了过来问我是否想要回我的东西。

过去分词作后置定语修饰 choice, have no other choice left: 别无选择, 没有其他选择。 考查冠词。可用定冠词 the 表示特指那个男人。 考查形容词最高级。这是我在“有趣的印度” 所经历的最糟糕的事情。 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的语法的正确 1 to make friends. She was 7 years old and a little shy. I told her the best way 2 4

10.worst

[变式训练] 形式填空。

A month ago my oldest daughter, Rachel, asked me make friends was to introduce (think). Last weekend I 5 3

when she met someone new. The question didn’t come up again, and I didn’t give it another 6

(take) my two daughters to the lake a couple of blocks from our house. There are two parks 7 9

(locate) around the 8 .

lake, and since it was

nice day, we visited them both. There were lots of children around for my daughters to play 10

I was helping my youngest daughter, Sydney, down the slide

something caught my attention. I got the warmest feeling as I heard Rachel (well) than I had ever imagined, and before long she

tell all the kids, “My name is Rachel, and I’m 7, what’s your name?”It worked knew every kid’s name, and they were all playing tag—a kind of game! The little things in life can make a difference! [变式答案] [变式解析] 2.to 1.how 2.to [语篇解读] 3.herself 4.thought 5.took 6.located 7.a

8.with

9.when

10.better

作者给女儿讲了如何交朋友后发生的一件使他难忘的事,告诉我们一件小事可以改变很多。

1.how 由本空前的 ask,说明女儿不知如何交朋友。 考查 the way to do sth.和 the way of doing sth.的结构用法。 introduce oneself 自我介绍,因为针对女儿,所以用 herself。 本空需要名词来作宾语。 located 是过去分词来作后置定语。 3.herself 4.thought 6.located 7.a

5.took take sb to some place“带某人到某地”,此处注意时态。 表示天气不错用 a good/nice day。 when 强调 “恰在那时”。 空后的 than 说明这要用比较级。 (2013 深圳高三第二次调研考试) 1 each other except that 2 4 she had cautioned her husband never to open or ask her about. 3 woman got very sick and the doctor said she wouldn' t recover. To sort out their affairs, 5 was in the box. 8 (bring) it to his wife' s bedside. She agreed it was time that he should know 7

8.with 和某人一起玩,用短语 play with sb。 9.when 10.better

[第 78 页 Cloze 8]

A couple had been married for over 60 years. They shared everything, talked about everything and kept no secrets the woman had a box in a drawer the husband took down the box and 6 He' d never thought about it ever since. One day

(open) it, he found two small table mats and a sum of money totaling$25,000. He asked her about the contents. “When we were to be (marry) was never to argue, and I should just keep quiet and make a mat

married,” she said, “my grandma told me the secret of happy I got angry with you.” The man was so 9

(move) that he had to fight back tears. She had only been angry with him twice in all those years of living and loving! 10 .” 6.Opening 7.marriage 8.if/when 9.moved 10.them

“Honey,” he said, “that explains the mats, but what about the money? Where did it come from?” “Oh,” she said, “that' s the money I made from selling [答案] [解析] 1.from 2.that/which 3.the 4.brought [语篇解读] 5.what

本文为记叙文。讲述一对夫妇的故事, 妻子临终前把一直对丈夫保密的一个盒子的秘密告诉了丈夫。

1.from 考查介词。固定搭配: keep sth. from sb. 瞒着某人。句意: 他们分享一切, 谈论一切, 彼此没有秘密。 2.that/which 3.the 5.what 考查定语从句。先行词为 a box, 故用关系代词 which 或 that 都可以。句意: 除了那位妇女的一个抽屉里有个盒子, 她 警告她的丈夫不要打开或问她。 考查冠词。用定冠词 the 特指那个妇女。 考查动词的时态。由并列连词 and 可知, 此处应用 bring 的过去式 brought 作 took 的并列谓语。 考查非谓语动词。open 和逻辑主语 he 是主动关系, 此处用现在分词作伴随状语。 考查词性转换。前有形容词 happy 修饰, 此处应用 marry 的名词形式 marriage, happy marriage: 幸福的婚姻。 考查连词。用 if 引导条件状语从句或用 when 引导时间状语从句。句意: 如果/当我生你的气时, 我应该保持冷静然后做一 考查动词。用动词的过去分词作形容词表示 the man 的感受, moved: 受感动的。 考查宾语从句。此处用 what 引导宾语从句。句意: 她认为是时候让他知道盒子里面是什么东西。 4.brought 6.Opening 7.marriage 8.if/when 个垫子。 9.moved

10.them 考查代词。用 them 代替 the mats。 [变式训练] 请认真阅读下面对话,并根据各题所给首字母的提示,在横线上写出一个英语单词的完整、正确形式,使对话通顺。 at least eleven o’clock tonight. Are you studying here, too? Jim: Hi, linda. When are you going home today? Linda: Oh, hi, Jim. I have to stay here at the library and study (1) u Jim: No, I’m not studying. I’m (2)w Linda: OK. Are you working (3)f Jim: Yeah. I work 40 (4)h Linda: Wow! (5)W Linda: That sounds (7)t something (8)e . my work schedule. Why don’t we talk about it when we meet (10) l 3.full 4.hours 5.When 6.all 7.terrible on? 8.else 9.check Jim: That would be great. I’ll (9)c Linda: OK, see you then. [ 变式答案 ] 10.later [变式解析] 2.working 3.full 4.hours 5.When 6.all 8.else 10.later 7.terrible 1.until until 是介词,说明 Linda 要待到晚上 11 点才走。 既然不是学习,那就是工作,working 与 studying 对应。 1.until 2.working do you study? that I do is to eat, study, work and sleep. . If you ever get some free time, maybe we could get together and watch a movie or go dancing or do time now? a week. And I’m taking three classes. . I will work at the circulation desk until eleven o’clock tonight. Do you want to meet me then?

Jim: In the mornings usually. Some days (6)a

full time 和 part time 是两种情况,结合下面的解释“一周工作 40 个小时”,可知是全职。 Jim 在解释自己工作的时间。 从下文的回答可知 Linda 在问时间。 sound 是系动词,所以本空需要形容词构成主系表结构。

这里 all 是先行词,that 引导定语从句。all that 此处相当于 what。 something else 别的什么事。 later on 是固定短语,意为“以后”。 (2013 湛江普通高考测试二) 1 (value) contribution employees make to their 2 it is applied. And application takes 5 new book,

9.check check 表示“核对;检查”。

[第 78 页 Cloze 13]

Nowadays employees are supposed to make contributions to their companies. What is the judgment, 3 involves something of a sixth sense—a high performance of the mind. 4

companies, knowledge or judgment? I say judgment. Knowledge, no matter how broad, is useless This raises interesting questions about the best the suitable ability is the key In 8 9 7 survival.

(train) for today' s business people. As Daniel Goleman suggests in 6

Emotional Intelligence, the latest scientific findings seem to indicate that clever

inflexible people don' t have the right stuff in an age when

recent cover story, Time Magazine sorted through the current thinking on intelligence and reported, “New brain research sugge sts that

emotions, not IQ, may be the true measure of human intelligence.” The basic significance of the emotional intelligence that Time called“EQ” (suggest) by management expert Karen Boylston: “Customers are telling businesses, I don' t care whether every member of your staff 10 I am understood and treated with respect.” 5.his 6.but 7.to 8.a 9.was suggested 10.where 1.valuable [语篇解读] 2.until/unless 3.which 4.training graduated from Harvard. I will take my business and go to [答案] [解析]

本文是一篇议论文。员工应该对公司做出贡献, 然而员工对公司的宝贵贡献是知识还是判断力呢? 作者对此发

表了自己的看法。 1.valuable 在定冠词 the 和名词 contribution 之间, 应用形容词修饰名词。 考查连词。此处用 until 引导时间状语从句或用 unless 引导条件状语从句。句意: 无论知识多么广泛, 除非/直到被应 2.until/unless 3.which 4.training 6.but 7.to 8.a

用, 否则都是没有用的。 考查定语从句。此处为非限制性定语从句, 先行词为 judgment, 故用关系代词 which。 形容词最高级后应修饰名词, 故应用名词形式 training (训练, 培训) 。

5.his 考查代词。由名词 Daniel Goleman 可知, 他是个男的, 故用形容词性物主代词 his 修饰后面的名词 book。 考查连词。but 表示转折。clever but inflexible people: 聪明但不灵活的人。 考查介词。the key 后要用 to, the key to survival 生存的关键, the key to success 成功的关键。 考查冠词。story 为可数名词单数, 第一次提及, 故用不定冠词 a。in a recent cover story: 在一个最近报道的故事中。 考查动词语态。动词 suggest 与主语是被动关系, 故用被动语态。be suggested by sb. 某人建议/提议。 考查连词。此处为 where 引导的宾语从句, where 在从句中作地点状语。 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示: 1)汉语提示, 2)首字母提示, 3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,并将该词

9.was suggested 10.where [变式训练]

完整地写在相对应的横线上。所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。 Good morning, ladies and gentlemen! I’m Sue. Allow me, first of all, onb gives us a great students are 5 3 1 of my teachers and classmates to give you a warm welcome to all of youc 4 8 6 2 from London. It really 7 (快乐) to have you in our school for a (短暂的) visit. I believe that you will be glad to see how well we Chinese (友谊) between us and the people throughout theo 10 (停留) here. 8.whom 9.advice 10.stay are boys of science, learning English with much trouble. So, we hope you 6.friendship 7.outside

along with our English learning. We think it a bridge to the 9

world. But, you know, there are still some students, most of would give us somea [变式答案] [变式解析] 2.coming 3.pleasure 5.getting 7.outside 8.whom 9.advice 1.behalf 2.coming [语篇解读] 3.pleasure 4.brief

on the language study. Finally, let me wish you a pleasant 5.getting

本文是一个中学生致到校外宾的欢迎辞,同时他也提出愿望,希望得到学习英语的建议。

1.behalf 这里考查短语 on behalf of,意为“代表”,相当于 in place of。 此处是现在分词作后置定语,相当于表主动意义的定语从句。 pleasure 意为“一件令人愉悦的事”时是一个可数名词。 这里既考查现在进行时,也考查动词短语。get along with 意为“进展”。 空后的 between us 使考生容易想到名词复数,但“友谊”是抽象名词。 作者是中国人,加强的当然是和外国人的友谊,outside 是形容词。 这里是非限制性定语从句,放在介词后面,又指人,所以用 whom。 尤其注意 advice 是不可数名词,这里不能用复数形式。

4.brief 此处需要一个形容词,强调时间短暂用 brief。 6.friendship

10.stay stay 指的是短暂停留,这里是名词。 [第 78 页 Cloze 12] (2013 汕头普通高中高三教学质量测评二) 1 (steady) through the air, and 2 (fasten) their seat belts, they were suddenly thrown forward. At that moment, the air hostess presented. She 5 man got up and followed the hostess into the 6 9 (send) by radio from the he had to land. The man, 10.following

As the plane circled over the airport, everyone sensed that something was wrong. The plane was moving although the passengers looked very pale, if 4 3

was quite calm. Speaking quickly and almost in a whisper, she informed everyone that the pilot had fainted and asked

of the passengers knew anything about machines. After a moment' s hesitation, 7

pilot' s cabin. Moving the pilot aside, the man took his seat and listened carefully to the urgent instructions that airport below. To everyone' s relief, the plane, 10 circle the airport several times to become familiar [答案] [解析] 1.unsteadily [语篇解读] 2.had fastened 3.but 8 the controls of the plane. The critical moment came 5.a 6.were being sent 7.which 8.with

was dangerously close to the ground at the moment, soon began to climb. The man had to

(follow) the instructions, guided the plane toward the airfield, and it landed safely after a long run along the runway. 4.any 9.when 本文是记叙文, 讲述了飞机上发生的一场突发事件: 飞行员晕倒了, 幸好最终在冷静的空姐和一位乘客的协助

下, 飞机安全降落。 1.unsteadily 2.had fastened 3.but 5.a 由“something was wrong” 可知, 应该是飞机出问题了, 故此处应用 unsteadily(不稳定地) 修饰动词 move。 考查动词时态。此处用过去完成时, 表明 fasten 这个动作发生在 were suddenly thrown 这个动作之前。

考查连词。but 表示转折, 句意: 她看起来很苍白, 但非常镇静。 考查不定冠词。man 为可数名词, 此处表泛指, 故用不定冠词 a。 考查动词时态和语态。 the urgent instructions 后是一个由关系代词 that 引导的定语从句, 其中 that 作从句中的主语,

4.any 考查不定代词。any: 任何; 无论哪个。 6.were being sent

动词 send 与主语为被动关系, 故需用被动语态; 结合语境, 应用过去进行时, 故用 were being sent。句意: ……仔细聆听着从下面的机 场通过无线电发送过来的紧急指令。 7.which 9.when 考查定语从句。此处为非限制性定语从句, 先行词为 the plane, 故用关系代词 which 引导。 句意: 关键的时刻来了, 他不得不着陆。 考查非谓语动词。动词 follow 与主语 The man 为主动关系, 故用现在分词 following 作伴随状语。 (2014 福建省厦门市高三上学期质量检测) 8.with 考查介词。固定搭配: sb. be familiar with sth. 某人对某物熟悉。 10.following [变式训练]

阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:l)汉语提示,2) 首字母提示,3) 语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词。所填单词要 求意义准确,拼写正确。 Why do you learn a foreign 1anguage? First of all, believe it or not, it helps to improve your native language. As a person who(76) _______( 说) only one language, you have no basis for comparison. In different languages the same idea is often(77) e in different ways. Knowing (78) ______language gives you a great measuring stick and it will help you better understand your way of speech. You will find yourself speaking and writing more creative and accurate(79) ______(句子). Most great writers and poets are students of many languages. Second , language is (80) _______makes us human. It is the medium that we use to (81) __________( 分享) our thoughts with the world. Could you imagine

thinking(82) w T

language? Learning a new language is like learning a new way to think. Lastly, it can enrich your travel experiences. (83) of your experience? Not knowing the native tongue you are completely left 79. sentences 80. what 81. share 82. without 83. Travelling

is one of the great joys of life. Why not make the (84) m 76. speaks 85. if/when 77. expressed 78. another

out of the culture. People will be more open to you(85) _________you make all effort to speak their language. [变式答案] 84. most [变式解析] 76. speaks 77. expressed 78. another 79. sentences 80. what 81. share 82. without 83. Travelling 84. most 85. if/when

[语篇解读]本文为说明文。文章向读者说明了学习外语的好处。 注意先行词 a person 是单数,定语从句的谓语动词也要使用单数。 在不同的语言中,相同的想法常用不同的方式表达。 了解另一种语言提供给你一个标尺,它有助于你更好的了解自己的讲话方式。 注意名词复数。 语言是我们之所以成为人类的原因。 what 既引导表语从句,又在从句中作主语,相当于 something that。 “和…分享” 要说 share sth with sb。 你能想象没有语言的情景吗? 上文 travel experiences 提示这里指旅行是人生的一大乐趣。 如果你努力使用他们的语言,他们就会更加愿意向你敞开心扉。 (2013 揭阳高中毕业班第二次高考模拟考试) 1 amazing use of color and shape. Born in 1853, he was painting at a time when art was changing. A long time ago, 2 later on, art became more about the artist' s own ideas. If you see a Van 3 (beautiful). 5 (trouble) man. At one 这里考查固定短语 make the most of,意思是“充分利用” 。

[第 78 页 Cloze 11]

Some say that madness and genius (天才) often come hand in hand. This is especially true of the Dutch painter Vincent Van Gogh. Van Gogh is famous for artists tried to make their paintings look real like photographs. Gogh, it won' t look like the real world. It will look even self-portraits (自画像), 4

Some of Van Gogh' s most famous paintings are of natural scenes and flowers, such as sunflowers. He also painted many wonderful brought him a lot of fame. Van Gogh had a great gift for painting; however, he was a 6 point, he cut off his own ear. Van Gogh is now one of the world' s most famous artists. But he died at the age of 37, alone and poor. Almost at that time. Although he was a great genius, he suffered Actually, if Van Gogh [答案] [解析] 2.But 想法。 3.more beautiful 4.which 5.troubled 7.greatly 8.what 10.as 9.had died [变式训练] A. predictions E. picture I. Experienced 考查形容词比较级。句意: 如果你看见一幅梵高的作品, 它看起来不会像真实世界。它会看起来更美。 考查定语从句。此处为非限制性定语从句, 先行词是 self-portraits, 故用关系代词 which, 且 which 在从句中作主语。 在不定冠词 a 和名词 man 之间, 应用形容词修饰名词 man。 suffered 是动词, 应用副词 greatly 修饰。 考查表语从句。此处为 what 引导的表语从句, 且 what 在从句中作宾语。 考查虚拟语气。对过去发生的事情的假设, 用过去完成时。 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从表格中选择一个适当的词填空。 B. unlikely F. added J. different C. completely G. measure D. likely H. considered 考查介词。句意: 相反, 他将作为一个孝顺的儿子而被那些亲近他的人记住。 1.his 2.But 9 been remembered by those close to him [语篇解读] 10 7 (great). Some say that his madness was 8 knew or cared about his art he paid for his art.

(die) at the age of twenty, no one would have connected him with failure or mental illness. Instead he would have a dutiful son. 4.which 5.troubled 6.nobody 7.greatly 8.what 9.had died 10.as

3.more beautiful

本文是一篇记叙文, 简单介绍了疯狂的天才画家梵高的曲折人生和卓越非凡的才能。

1.his 考查代词。用形容词性物主代词 his 修饰后面的名词 use。句意: 梵高因他对颜色和形状的惊人使用而出名。 考查连词。but 表示转折。句意: 很久以前艺术家们努力使他们的画作看起来真的像照片。但后来, 艺术更多是艺术家自己的

6.nobody 考查不定代词。句意: 当时, 几乎没有人知道或关心他的艺术。

The Arctic ice cap will disappear completely in summer months within 20 to 30 years, a polar research team said as they presented findings from an expedition led by adventurer Pen Hadow. “It is likely to be largely ice -free during the warmer months within a decade,” the experts 1 2 的) . polar explorer Hadow and two other Britons went out on the Arctic ice cap for 73 days during the northern spring, taking more than 6,000 3 about the state of the ice cap.

measurements and observations of the sea ice. The raw data they collected from March to May has been analyzed, producing some stark (完全

“The summer ice cover will completely disappear in 20 to 30 years but in less than that it will have considerably retreated ( 撤退) ,” said Professor Peter Wadhams, head of the polar ocean physics group at Cambridge University. “In about 10 years, the Arctic ice will be open sea.” Starting off from northern Canada, hadow, martin Hartley and Ann Daniels skied over the ice cap to With a larger part of the region now in first year ice, It is clearly weaker. The area is now more Bringing forward the potential date when the summer sea ice will be 7 gone. 8 of the ice meltdown, which was happening 9 and much warmer world,” he said. Doctor Martin Sommerkorn, senior climate change adviser, said the survey painted a sad “faster than we thought”. “Remove the Arctic ice cap and we are left with a very [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.F 2.I 4.H 5.G 6.D 7.C 8.E 9.J FIAHGDCEJ [语篇解读] 本文说到研究表明北冰洋冰冠在未来 20 至 30 年里将会消失。 6 5 the thickness of the remaining ice,judging its thickness and the depth of overlying snow, as well as taking weather and sea temperature readings. to become open water each summer, 4 as

本句是专家对研究结论的补充说明。 这是个形容词,表示有经验的极地探险者的调查方法。 be considered/regarded as“被认作”。 本空指测量所剩冰川的厚度。 考查 be likely to do sth。 when 引导的句子说明了最终的结果。 联系 paint 就很容易找到答案。 如果一旦发生调查结果显示的情况,我们的生活环境将大相径庭。 (2013 潮州高考第二次模拟考试) 1 her child. 2 (impressive) scenes in 2012.

3.A 利用这些数据对未来情况做了预测。

[第 78 页 Cloze 10]

A baby is in danger and its mother is crazy with worry. This is something anyone can relate to, even though we are talking about a mother elephant that has been separated The baby fell inside 3 A video capturing(捕捉) the reunion between the elephant and her 8-month-old baby in Kenya was one of the Despite the best efforts of her desperate mother, the baby seemed helpless chase the overprotective mother away first, so that with ropes and a vehicle. 7 (lucky), the workers managed to pull the baby to safety. 9 10 1.from (hug) each other with their trunks. 2.most impressive 3.a 4.until/till 5.they 6.struggled 7.Luckily 8.What 9.distance 10.hugging 本文是记叙文。一旦婴儿有危险, 其母亲是最担心的。这对于动物界的生物也是一样。本文讲述了一只小象和 8 followed was a touching scene. As soon as the baby was freed, it ran away across the plain. In the reunited, [答案] [解析] (distant), the cries of her mother could be heard as she came running from the opposite direction. The two were 5 4

man-made hole and was unable to climb out, according to a video released by the Amboseli Trust for Elephants. a team of conservation workers rushed to help. They had to 6 (struggle) to pull the baby out could get close enough to rescue the baby. They

[语篇解读]

母象分离后重聚的感人一幕。 1.from 考查固定搭配: separate... from: 把……与……分离。 2.most impressive 3.a 4.until/till 6.struggled 7.Luckily 8.What 9.distance 10.hugging [变式训练] 考查形容词的最高级。one of the most impressive scenes: 最令人印象深刻的场景之一。 考查冠词。hole 是可数名词单数, 故前需用不定冠词 a 表示泛指。 考查连词。until/till: 直到。句意: 尽管她绝望的母亲尽了最大努力, 小象似乎还是很无助, 直到一队保护工人赶来帮助。 考查动词时态。描述过去发生的事情, 应用一般过去时。 考查副词。放在句首, 修饰整个句子。 考查主语从句。用 what 引导主语从句, 并作从句的主语。句意: 随之而来的是感人的一幕。 考查词性转换。固定词组: in the distance 在远处。 考查非谓语动词。hug 与主语 The two 是主动关系, 用现在分词形式作伴随状语。 (2014 广东省汕头市 3 月高考模拟)

5.they 考查代词。they 指代前面提到的 a team of conservation workers。

仔细阅读下面短文,短文中有 10 个空格。请按照语境以及括号里所给的词完成短文。 Until about 150 years ago, the most important, expensive and renowned kind of painting was large-scale pictures that told a story, regarded as the 16 (hard) challenge for an artist. 17 (choose) suitable subjects, artists had to be well-read. Then they had to know 19 18 stories could be told without words, using only gestures and expressions. To create lifelike scenes, they had to understand perspective, lighting and anatomy. So history painting needed a lot of thought and . (imagine). Large-scale pictures used to be reserved for grand religious or patriotic 20 contemporary news stories. One of the first subjects, but that changed in the 19th century, as artists began creating history paintings based

of these was The Raft of the Medusa, inspired by the wreck of political impact. It presents a scene they 22

21

French ship in 1816, which showed how art could have a powerful

the survivors of the wreck on a raft littered with bodies try to signal to a distant ship. When 24 look heroic rather than violent. The picture caused a huge outcry. Some people thought 19. imagination 20. on 21. a 22. where 23. were rescued 24. them 25.

23 ( rescue ), they told how they had been abandoned by their captain, while he sailed to safety in a lifeboat. Starving, they had to eat 25 had been involved in appointing the ship' s captain.

each other to survive—though this picture makes the artist meant to criticize the French king, [变式答案] who [变式解析] 16. hardest 17. To choose 18. how 样,如何” 。 19. imagination 20. on 21. a 22. where 23. were 24. them 25. who 16. hardest 17. To choose

18. how

[语篇解读]本文为说明文,介绍了以历史事件为题材的绘画形式——历史画。 冠词 the 提示这里应使用形容词的最高级形式。 artists 是 choose 的逻辑主语,两者间为主动关系,故应使用不定式作目的状语。

他们必须知道, 没有文字, 只用姿势和表情如何把故事讲述出来。 how 既引导宾语从句, 又在从句中作方式状语, 意为“怎 and 连接了 needed 的两个宾语,故应使用 imagine 的名词形式。

(be) based on 为固定短语,意为“以…为基础,为根据” 。这里 based on 引导的短语作后置定语,修饰 history paintings。 不定冠词 a 表示泛指,即:1816 年一艘法国轮船的残骸。 关系副词 where 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 a scene(场景),where 在从句中作地点状语,相当于 in which。 rescued 主语 they 和 rescue(营救)之间是被动关系,应使用被动语态,此外,注意和下文事件描述的时态保持一致。 尽管这幅画让那些幸存者们看起来很英勇,而非残暴。them 指代 the survivors,作 makes 的宾语。 关系代词 who 引导非限制性定语从句,补充说明先行词 the French king,且 who 在从句中担任主语。 (2014 广州普通高中毕业班综合测试) 2 (gain) popularity in Europe, and now the idea has reached Shanghai.

[第 77 页 Cloze 7] and reserve 1

The“suspended coffee” project began in Italian cafés as a way to help the poor. The idea was for café customers to buy an ext ra cup of coffee for those unable to afford a hot drink. Since then it 3 4 Chiato Coffee, reserved coffee, 5 7 operates in Pudong Library, began offering suspended coffee last Tuesday. On the first day, the shop sold 31 cups of the only four were drunk. The manager said the first customer for suspended coffee was a man in his 40s, who felt it was 6 they don' t know about it. But she believes that the program will be very

interesting idea and worth trying. (practice) in China, and she hopes the concept can be spread to other business. 8 (donate) money, food or clothing, healing people to drink coffee is a kind of 9 (convince) 10 need. 7.practical 8.donating 9.to convince 10.in

Cao Jie, the caféowner, says few people have taken up the offer Ma Lingling, a tea specialist says that,compared with

spiritual care, which provides the receiver with more respect and dignity. But she thinks the caféshould make more effort people that their donations will really reach those people truly [答案] [解析] 1.it 1.it 2.has gained 3.which 4.but 5.an [语篇解读] 6.because

本文体裁为记叙文, 题材为社会关系。本文讲述了待用咖啡这种捐助行为的起源与它的传播现状, 并有专家认

为这种捐助方式是给那些生活困难的人精神上的一种关怀。 句意: 这种行为的理念就是咖啡的消费者额外多买一杯咖啡, 然后把它预留给那些没能力购买一杯热饮的人。 句意: 自从那时候起这种行为在欧洲就已经受大众欢迎…… 考查定语从句。“which” 指代前面的“Chiato Coffee” 。 2.has gained 3.which 4.but

句意: 在第一天的时候, 商店卖了 31 杯预留咖啡, 但是只有四杯被喝了。 句意: 曹杰, 咖啡厅的负责人, 表示很少人会取走这些咖啡, 因为他们并不了解。 句意: 但是她相信这个项目在中国会切实可行的…… with 后用 donating money, 捐款。 固定搭配“make effort to do sth.” 努力去做某事。 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词。 1 has creative, new ideas and possesses good skills,” she said. “The quality of the education I received 3 4 2

5.an 冠词“an” 修饰“interesting idea” 。 6.because 7.practical 8.donating

9.to convince [变式训练]

10.in people in need 生活困难的人。 As a student of fashion design, Eunice has nearly finished her course. She is confident that her degree will help her to win a good job. “Employers need someone good and very useful for my future career.” Eunice cites three reasons for coming to Australia natural environment, and to be closer to her aunt. “Australia is a multicultural environment safe, natural environment for living,” she said. Eunice speaks 6 from the school,” she said. Finally, she adds, “Have faith in 5 8 to make use of them. “Australia is definitely a good country for studying. 7 study: the multicultural environment, the has enriched my life experiences. It is also a

of the support services available to international students and encourages you have difficulties with your study or living, ask for help future because you have received a quality and recognised education in

Australia.” [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.who 1.who 2.is 3.to 4.which 5.highly 6.others 7.If 8.your [语篇解读] 本文是记叙文,文章介绍了在澳大利亚求学的 Eunice 对自己的求学经历的感悟和收获。

这是一个定语从句,先行词是 someone,当类似的表示人的不定代词充当先行词的时候要用 who 来引导定语从句。本句中的

who 在定语从句中充当主语,所以不能省略。 2.is 划分本句的主干,the education I received 是定语从句,可将其划去以帮助更好地理解句子。本句主句的主语是 the quality,所以谓 语动词要用单数。 3.to 这里考查的是不定式作目的状语。 这是一个定语从句,先行词是 environment。本句中的 which 在定语从句中充当主语,所以不能省略。 这里考查的是固定短语“speak highly of 高度赞扬”,同义短语还有 think highly of。 Eunice 是在澳大利亚求学的留学生,而她鼓励更多的人来此求学,这里是泛指其他的人,所以用 others。 本句话是 Eunice 对可能到此求学的人说的,所以要用 your,这也和原因状语从句的 you 吻合。 (2014 广州普通高中毕业班综合测试) 4.which 5.highly 6.others 8.your

7.If 根据本空后的 you have difficulties with your study or living,说明这里表示的是一种假设,所以这里使用 if 引导条件状语从句。

[第 77 页 Cloze 6] other plans.

While thousands of college students headed for warm climates to enjoy sun and fun during their week off from classes, seven local students had The Northern Essex Community College(NECC) students and one of their teachers spent part of their spring break in New York City, helping repair an area the 3 1 (destroy) by the hurricane. 2 it is like to lose your home and everything that you know and “I wanted to see for myself what happened,” said Terry, “I couldn' t imagine

(power) effect the hurricane had on those people. I wanted to do something, to understand their feeling of helplessness.” 4 had also volunteered to help. Together, those volunteers and the NECC students 6 they entered the building. 7 (lie) all over the place. 9 helped people in need. It was remarkable how a 10 8.a the students. 9.they 10.on 5 (work) to clear rubbish out of a

The group headed into Brooklyn' s Red Hook district, which was hit hard by the hurricane. There they met people from other parts of the country, three-story building. They put on protective suits and gloves The students returned to school with [答案] [解析] 1.destroyed [语篇解读] 2.what 8

Inside the building, the students saw nothing but broken walls and doors and pieces of the building sense of achievement, a feeling that 4.who 5.worked 6.before community lost so much and was still able to recover, and this left the deepest impression 3.powerful 7.lying

本文体裁为记叙文, 题材为爱心帮助。 本文讲述了 NECC 的七位同学和一位老师在放假期间没有出去游玩而是

选择了去纽约市为被飓风袭击的灾区提供帮助。 1.destroyed 2.what 4.who 6.before 7.lying 8.a 3.powerful 5.worked 句意: ……帮助修复被飓风破坏的一个地区。 形容词修饰 effect, “power” 加“ful” 变形容词。 根据前后文可知文章的时态为一般过去时。 句意: 在进入大楼之前, 他们穿上了防护服, 戴上了手套。 句意: 在楼房里面, 学生们只看到了破裂的墙壁、门, 以及楼房的碎片散落满地。 句意: 我不能想象失去了自己的家园以及所有熟悉的东西会是什么样的感觉…… 根据前文先行词“people” 可知用 who。

固定搭配 a sense of sth. ……感。类似搭配 a sense of guilt/honor 负罪感/光荣感。

9.they 一种他们帮助了生活困难的人的感觉。 10.on 句意: ……这次活动给学生们留下了最深刻的印象。leave an impression on sb. 给某人留下印象。 [变式训练] 形式填空。 Although it could not compete with the speed of email today, the 1800’s experienced a revolutio n in communication that played an important role in creating the tradition of the Christmas greeting card. 始) the practice of sending Christmas greeting cards The first card from 7 4 others followed suit. An English 6 3 friends. 5 soon 9 1 (help) by the new railway system, the public postal service made 2 more efficient mail service and initiated (开 corresponding a popular past time. In England, Sir Henry Cole recognized the advantage of 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的语法的正确

(design) by J. C. Horsley as a commercial endeavor (尝试,努力). One thousand copies were sold in London, 8

(art) , William Egley, produced a popular card in 1849. Louis Prang, a German born printer, working (importance) than his printing was the fact 10 were awarded

shop in Massachusetts, printed his first American cards in 1875. Even more

he did more than anyone else to popularize the cards by instituting nationwide contests for the best Christmas designs, cash prizes. [变式答案] 1.Helped 2.a 3.to 4.was designed 5.and 6.artist 7.his 8.important 9.that 10.which

[变式解析] 1.Helped 2.a 3.to 5.and 6.artist

[语篇解读]

本文介绍圣诞卡的由来及其在沟通方面所起的重要作用。

因 help 与公共邮政服务是动宾关系,故用过去分词表示被动。

指一种更高效的邮政服务,表示“一种”用不定冠词 a。 由句式搭配 send sth to sb 可知。 在句中作谓语,表示被动,且由全文时态可知此处用一般过去时。 用连词 and 连接两个并列句,follow suit 是一个习语,译为“照别人的方式去做”。 从后面的同位语 William Egley 可知在这里应填入与 art 有关的人,即 artist,在句中作主语。 这是一个倒装句,主语是 the fact,空格要求填的词在句中作 was 的表语,故用形容词。 引导非限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语,先行词是 designs。 (2014 汕头普通高考模拟考试) 2 (choose) suitable subjects, artists had to be well-read. Then they had to know 4 3 stories could

4.was designed

7.his 从后面的 his first American cards 可知是他的商店。 8.important 9.that 10.which 引导同位语从句,说明 the fact 的具体内容。

[第 77 页 Cloze 5] the 1

Until about 150 years ago, the most important, expensive and renowned kind of painting was large-scale pictures that told a story, regarded as (hard) challenge for an artist. be told without words, using only gestures and expressions. To create lifelike scenes, they had to understand perspective, lighting and anatomy(解剖). So history painting needed a lot of thought and (imagine). Large-scale pictures used to be reserved for grand religious or 5 contemporary news stories. One French ship in 1816, showed how art could patriotic subjects, but that changed in the 19th century, as artists began creating history paintings based of the first of these was The Raft of the Medusa, inspired by the wreck( 遇难船的残骸) of 6 have a powerful political impact. It presents a scene When they 8 7

the survivors of the wreck on a raft littered with bodies try to signal to a distant ship. 9 10 look heroic rather than violent. The picture caused a huge outcry. Some people had been involved in appointing the ship' s captain. 5.on 6.a 7.where 8.were rescued 9.them 10.who

(rescue), they told how they had been abandoned by their captain, while he sailed to safety in a lifeboat. Starving, they had to

eat each other to survive—though this picture makes thought the artist meant to criticize the French king, [答案] [解析] 1.hardest 1.hardest [语篇解读] 2.To choose 3.how

4.imagination

本文体裁为夹叙夹议, 题材为艺术欣赏类。本文阐述了大型绘画是如何展现历史故事的。

句意: ……对一个艺术家来说, 大型绘画被认为是最难的挑战。 句意: 为了选择一些合适的主题, 艺术家需要广泛阅读。 句意: 所以历史题材的绘画需要许多的思考和想象力。

2.To choose 4.imagination 6.a

3.how 句意: 然后艺术家们得知道如何在没有语言而仅仅只通过手势语和表情的情况下表达出故事的内容。 5.on 句意: ……因为艺术家们开始创作一些以当代新闻题材故事为基础的历史画作了。 句意: ……由 1816 年一艘法国的遇难船只的残骸所激发的灵感的绘画, 展现了艺术如何可以有很强的政治冲击力。 句意: 这幅画展示了一个场景, 在这个场景中, 在堆满尸体的船筏子上, 幸存者尝试着发信号给一艘遥远的船只。 句意: 当他们被救后, 他们讲述了…… 7.where

8.were rescued 10.who

9.them 句意: 虽然画面上他们看起来很英勇而不暴力, 但是饥饿的情况下, 为了生存, 幸存者得互相吃掉对方。 句意: 有些人认为这位画家想批评法国国王。他参与了委任这艘船的船长的事宜。 请认真阅读下面对话,并根据各题所给首字母的提示,在横线上写出一个英语单词的完整、正确形式,使对话通顺。 [变式训练]

W: Hello. May I speak to Mr. Johnson, please? M: Speaking. Who’s calling, may I ask? W: This is the Town Job Center. We have received your email and we are quite (1)i M: Can you tell me more about it? What kind of job? Where? W: Well, a college wants to find some laboratory (2)a email. M: Yes, I did put that in my email. W: Yeah. They also want a person who knows how to (4)o the job. M: What about the pay and the work time? W: I am (6)c to that. The pay that they have offered is (7)s , But the work time is a little changeable:sometimes (8)e in the morning or sometimes late in the afternoon. M: Well, I am interested in it, But I need more (9)d W: (10)W [变式答案] don’t you come over here tomorrow? 1.interested 2.assistants 3.as 4.operate 5.right 6.coming 7.satisfactory 8.early M: OK, I’ll do that. See you tomorrow then. Bye! about the work time so that I can talk over with my wife. the computer. So we think you are just the (5)r kind of person for . It’s a kind of job you would like to do, (3)a we can see from your in you.

9.details [变式解析] 2.assistants 3.as 4.operate 5.right 6.coming

10.Why 1.interested 这是面试考官表明对面试者的态度,考查 be interested in 的用法。 实验室管理员 laboratory assistant,注意空前的 some,这里要用名词的复数形式。 结合常识,他们需要一个对电脑熟悉的人,也就是会操作电脑的人。 句意:我正要说到这一点。这里用进行时表示将来。come to 涉及;谈及。

as 引导非限制性定语从句,意为“这一点”。 the right 在这里加强语气,“恰恰”就是他们所需要的。

7.satisfactory 说到薪水,而且是以“s”开头,我们应该想到“满意”这个词(薪水令人满意与否)。 8.early 与后半句的 sometimes late 对应。 9.details 10.Why 男士已经表示对这份工作感兴趣,所以想知道的应该是更多细节,注意用复数形式。 why don’t you do sth 是表示建议。 (2014 佛山普通高中高三教学质量检测) 1 the machines worked. They observed birds flying 4 pilot. 7 their Flying 2 (get) ideas, as

[第 77 页 Cloze 4]

Orville and Wilbur Wright were the two American brothers that invented the first airplane. They started out as bicycle repairmen. Soon, they became interested in different types of machines and began to learn tested 3 well as read about other inventors' attempts to make aircraft. In 1900, the brothers completed their first design of a kite glider(滑翔机) and in North Carolina. They tested kite gliders both with and without 5 Finally, in 1903, the first engine-powered Wright Flyer After they 6 Machine. Modern airplanes today are very different passengers' 9 Internet! [答案] [解析] 2.to get 3.it 4.a 1.how 2.to get 3.it 4.a 5.was invented 6.continuously 7.for 8.from 9.enjoyment 10.that/which [语篇解读] 本文体裁为记叙文, 题材为科技发明。文章主要介绍了世界上首架飞机的发明历史。 8 the first Flying Machine. They fly faster, are much larger, and have television sets built in for 10 lie flat to become beds and on the very newest planes, passengers can even use the (enjoy). Some planes have seats (invent). The“Wright Flyer Ⅰ ” had a gas engine and wooden propellers(螺旋桨).

(continue) improved it upon earlier designs, the brothers successfully received a patent( 专利) in 1906

1.how 句意: 不久之后, 他们对各式各样的机械都开始感兴趣, 并且开始学习那些机械是怎么工作的。 句意: 他们观察鸟的飞行从而找到灵感……to do sth. 表目的。 句意: 在 1900 年, 两兄弟完成了他们首架滑翔机的设计并且在北卡罗莱纳州对它进行了测试。 句意: 他们分别测试了有人驾驶和无人驾驶滑翔机的两种情况。 设空处用被动语态。句意: 最终, 在 1903 年, 第一架引擎发动的莱特飞行者被发明了。 副词修饰动词 improved。

5.was invented 6.continuously 7.for

句意: ……两兄弟在 1906 年成功地为他们的飞行器取得了专利。 句意: 它们飞得更快, 机体更大, 飞机上还有为乘客娱乐所配备的电视机。 句意: 有些飞机的座椅还可以平铺出来作为床, 在最新的飞机里乘客们甚至还可以使用互联网。 (2009 上海)

8.from 固定搭配 be different from 与……不同。 9.enjoyment 10.that/which [变式训练]

Directions:Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. contents H. typical I. contracts J. registered If the package looks pretty,people will buy just about anything. So says an advertising executive in New York,and he has proved his point by selling boxes of rubbish for the price of an expensive bottle of wine. Justin Gignac,26,has sold almost 900 world. It all began when Mr Gignac was at a summer workshop. “We had a discussion about the importance of He searches the streets of Manhattan and typical 3 Mr Gignac denies 5 2 ,“ he recalls. “Someone said 4 forks. “Special packaging was unimportant. I disagreed. The only way to prove it was by selling something nobody would ever want. “ include broken glass,subway tickets,Starbucks cups and used editions” are offered at a high price. He charged $100 for rubbish from the opening day of the New York Yankees’ stadium. his customers for fools:“They know what they’re getting. They appreciate the fact that they’re taking something nobody would want and finding beauty in it. “ 1 presented plastic boxes of rubbish from the street of the Big Apple at between $50 and $100 each. Buyers from 19 countries have paid for thesouvenirs( 纪念品). The idea has been so successful that he is thinking of promoting it around the B. taking C. carefully D. plastic E. packaging F. declined G. freely

Some

6

customers include people who used to live in the city and want a down-to-earth souvenir. He claims he has even sold to art 7 a company and is employing his girlfriend as vice president. 9 with people interested in similar projects from as

collectors. Realizing that the concept appears to be a real money-maker,Mr Gignac has He 8 to discuss his profit margins:“It’s actually quite a lot of effort putting them together—but yes,garbage is free. “

Mr Gignac is considering more varieties of souvenirs. He maintains that he has signed far as Berlin and London. [变式答案] [变式解析] 1. C 2. E 3. A 4. D 5. B 6. H 7. J 8. F 9. I 【语篇解读】

26 岁的 Justin Gignac 认为包装非常重要。他把破杯子、地铁票、用过的塑料叉子精美地包装起来并以

高价卖给人们作为纪念品。虽然买的只是一些垃圾, 但是购买者却非常多, 这足以说明精美包装的重要性。 1. C 句意: 26 岁的 Justin Gignac 已经以每件 50 到 100 美元的价格卖掉了近 900 件用塑料盒精心包装的来自纽约大街的垃圾。修饰 作定语的过去分词用副词。 2. E 4. D 5. B 6. H 7. J 8. F 9. I 按下文提示可知讨论了包装的重要性。 见上题解析。 Gignac 先生否认把他的顾客当傻子。 一些典型的顾客包括以前住在纽约的人, 他们想要一些地道的纪念品。 Gignac 先生已经注册了一家公司, 并雇用他的女朋友做副董事长。 他拒绝讨论自己的利润。 他坚持说自己已经和柏林以及伦敦对相似项目感兴趣的人签订了合同。 (2014 梅州高三总复习第一次质检) 1 2 standard 3. A 他搜寻了曼哈顿的街道, 找到了一些典型的物品, 包括破杯子、地铁票、星巴克的杯子和用过的塑料叉子。

[第 77 页 Cloze 3]

The broken English used by a Chinese journalist aroused attention of the public on English learning in China. Actually, “Chinglish” (contribute) 5% to 20% of newly added English words since 1994. The Chinglish expression“long time no see” has become English phrase. There is even a“Save Chinglish” group on the Facebook website, 2,500 examples of Chinglish. The phrase“good good study, day day up” sentence. 5 4 3

has attracted over 8,000 members and listed more than

(invent) by the Chinese has become a famous Chinglish 6 (wonder) result of an English dictionary mixing

Chinese people said in a humorous manner that hearing Chinglish is like receiving an electric shock, native English speakers 7 Chinglish could be killed off because some people are worried that Chinglish may 9 native speakers approve. Although rigid translation confuses foreigners 10 is an interesting phenomenon caused by cultural 7.that 8.towards/to 9.its 10.it

launched a campaign to save Chinglish. In the eyes of these foreigners, Chinglish is the with Chinese grammar. However, there are fears embarrass foreign visitors. As for attitudes 8

Chinglish, some foreigners do not think that Chinglish makes serious mistakes. In their eyes, a

language will be absolutely affected by its users whether or not differences. [答案] [解析] 2.a 1.has contributed [语篇解读] 2.a 3.which 4.invented

who have just arrived in China, for foreigners familiar with the Chinese culture, 5.When/As

6.wonderful

本文体裁为议论文, 题材为语言类。本文探讨了对中式英文的不同看法。

1.has contributed 3.which 4.invented 5.When/As 6.wonderful 7.that 8.towards/to 10.it

考查动词的时态。根据上下文语境和句意可知此处要用现在完成时。

考查冠词。此处是不定冠词 a 表示泛指, 相当于“一个” 。 考查从句。此处是非限制性定语从句, 先行词是 a“Save Chinglish” group on the Facebook website, 故用 which 引导。 考查非谓语动词。此处是过去分词作定语。 考查连词。When/As 意为“当……时” 。 考查词形转换。此处是形容词作定语修饰 result。 考查介词。attitude towards/to 表示“对……的态度” 。

考查同位语从句。

9.its 考查代词。句意: 在他们眼中, 不管以一种语言为母语的人是否赞成, 这种语言将完全受其使用者的影响。 考查代词。it 指代 rigid translation。 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从表格中选择一个适当的词填空。 B. communication F. refusing J. various 1 and transportation, people today have C. opportunities D. believed H. learning G. international [变式训练] A. necessary E. importance I. organizational

Thanks to globalization, the world has become a smaller place. With advancement in means of levels—personal, 2

surpassed all national boundaries and come together for a common goal, i. e. to do business with one another. This business is done at all , as well as between countries. When there is so much of intermingling of people from different cultures, who have 3 that they understand each other well, only then would they be able to work together as a team. different lifestyles, values, etc. , it becomes

This is where the

4

of learning a second language lies. For Americans the top ten languages worth 6

5

are Portuguese, Spanish, Korean,

Arabic, French, Russian, German, Tagalog, Vietnamese, Italian. The best language to learn in the above list have been selected for outsourced to China. Also, it is generally 7 reasons. Chinese is a good language to learn as many jobs today are 8 relations. 9 that in the coming years China will overtake United States as the world leader and thus, will

have a greater influence in the politics of the world. This makes Chinese, one of the best languages to learn for in America, which specifically require people to be skilled in English as well as Spanish. [变式答案] [变式解析] 及其理由。 1.B 2.I 4.E 5.H 6.J 7.D 8.G BIAEH JDGC [语篇解读]

Spanish is anothers of the best language to learn, as in America, it is the second most spoken language after English. There are many job

文章是以美国人为读者对象的,介绍了对他们来说应该掌握的外语排名,尤其介绍了最应该学习的是汉语

本空后的 transportation 和本项的 communication 呼应,联系生活常识也知道全球化意味着沟通和交通。 本空和 personal 是相对的,personal 强调个人,而 organizational 强调的是组织,这里都是用形容词作补充说明。 本空的 importance 和上一空的 necessary 是统一的,说明对于美国人来说学习第二语言的重要性和必要性。 对于美国人来说值得学习的十大语言在这里依次罗列,这里考虑到 worth 的用法,在 F 项和 H 项之间选择,但是 refusing 显然不合 本句是主题句,说到了汉语对于美国人来说是首选的第二语言的几个原因,这里的 various 和 different 是同义词。 本句用到了一个大家较为熟悉的主语从句的结构,即 It is said/believed/supposed/thought that... 上一句的 influence in the politics of the world 说明的是汉语在国际关系上起到的重要作用。

3.A 这里说的是学习外语的重要性,A 项在语法和词义方面都正确。

题意。

9.C 本空前的 job 是定语,能修饰的也只能是名词了,而且本句的 many 说明这个名词还是用的复数形式,故 C 项符合题意。 [第 76 页 Cloze 28] (2012 广东模拟) 1 (addict) to various open courses after she watched the online video of“Justice: What' s the right thing to do.” 2 (moral) and justice. 4 3 (post) different links to the videos. 163. com has launched a special channel for open programs 5 7 download free online resources to their cell phones to watch while taking buses. 8 others to get up an hour earlier in the morning to watch the videos before

Watching online open classes offered by the U. S. top universities has become indispensable for many young Chinese. Guo Lei, a native of Guangzhou, has become Guo was immediately attracted by the topic and the discussion of the Harvard students about About 700 sina micro bloggers taking naps 6 (provide) more than 1,200 class hours of free videos. Many Chinese have adjusted they can watch videos at noon. 9 On Douban.com, a netizen named“an independent cat” called leaving for work,

daily timetable and some office workers have quit

has mobilized a great number of followers. 10 (translate) into foreign languages and posted online to help 6.so 7.Others 8.on/upon 9.which 10.(should) be

“This set up a good example of how to change and improve our teaching methods.” said Wang, a professor of Sun Yat -Sen University. He also suggested that lectures by some popular Chinese speakers and professors foreign audiences understand Chinese culture. [ 答案 ] translated [解析] [语篇解读] 在线观看美国顶级大学提供的网上课程, 这成为很多年轻的中国人必不可少的了。 1.addicted 2.morality 4.providing 5.their 6.so 7.Others 8.on/upon 9.which be/become addicted to sth. 对某事上瘾。固定搭配。 about 介词, 后面要接名词。并且 morality 要和 justice 并列。 七百多个新浪微博博主已经链接了这些视频。用完成时, 表示动作完成, 且对现在产生了影响。 这个句子的谓语是 has launched, 那么 provide 只能充当非谓语, 非谓语有三个: 不定式、动名词和过去分词。providing 1.addicted 2.morality 3.have posted 4.providing 5.their

3.have posted

表主动及伴随。 一些中国人已经调整了他们自己的时间安排表。 一些员工放弃了睡午觉, 所以他们才能在中午观看这些视频。因果关系。 其他人则下载免费的网上资源到手机里面。其他人 others。 一个网民号召大家每天早上早起床一个小时。号召 call on/upon 固定搭配。 非限制性定语从句, which 指代前面这件事。 suggest 作谓语的时候, 它的宾语从句要用虚拟语气 should +动词原形。should 可以省略。 (2014 河北省唐山市高三第一次模拟考试) 61 63 (struggle), substitute(替补)teacher whose calls into work (sell)at half price in the supermarket. I opened the door and

10.(should) be translated [变式训练]

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Christmas is no fun when you' re poor. Twenty years ago I was a young, had been few. Money was tight, bills were due 62 we could get for our children were a few soft toys that I had found my wife and I couldn' t even afford to get Christmas gifts for each other. The only gifts

brought in the gifts I and down. My daughter

64 67

(hide) in our old car' s trunk. Then I handed

65

to my son and daughter. I watched with a sad smile as 66 lit up and they jumped up 70 68. for gift of 69.

they did their best to tear off the wrapping (包装)paper. As they pulled out their toys, though, I noticed their

(happy) hugged her toy and then hugged her Mom and me as well. I laughed as I watched my children play

with their toys _ 68 _ hours, and Thanked God for the 69 _ (great)gift that had ever been given. Till today I still treasure pure love that my son and daughter gave me that day. [变式答案] greatest [变式解析] 61. struggling 62. so/and 63. sold 61. struggling 62. so/and 63. sold 64. had hidden 65. them/the gifts 66. eyes/faces 67. happily 70. the [语篇解读]本文为记叙文。在生活最拮据的岁月,我却收获了一份让我终生视为珍宝的圣诞礼物。

struggling 是由现在分词演变来的形容词,意为“奋斗的,(为生活)苦苦挣扎的” 。 a young, struggling, substitute 我和妻子不能给彼此买圣诞礼物是因为收入微薄,账单到期。故上下文之间存在因果关系。

teacher 一名苦苦挣扎的年轻代课教师。 将定语从句还原成简单句,即:I had found a few soft toys sold… 这时不难看出,a few soft toys 是 sold 的逻辑主语,两 I had hidden in our old car' s trunk 是定语从句,修饰先行词 the gifts,关系代词 that/which 在从句中作 hide 的宾语, 我把礼物递给我的儿子和女儿。 light up 常和 sb’s eyes/face 连用,表示“喜形于色” 。 我的女儿高兴地拥抱着她的玩具。副词修饰动词。 for hours 表示“很久,好几个小时” 。 这是上帝赐予我的最好的礼物。 定冠词 the 这里表示特指,意为“这份儿女给予我的纯洁的爱的礼物” 。 (2012 广东模拟) 1 lei, a long necklace 3 4 2 (flower) shirts, and women often wear long flowered dresses. There are

者间为被动关系,故应使用过去分词作宾语补足语。 64. had hidden 65. them/the gifts 66. eyes/faces 67. happily 68. for 69. greatest 70. the 故可以省略。且 hide 这个动作先于主句谓语动词发生,故应使用过去完成时态。

[第 76 页 Cloze 27]

There are some special traditions in Hawaii. People are very friendly and always welcome visitors. They give visitors made of beautiful fresh flowers. Men wear bright

(tradition) Chinese, Japanese and Filipino holidays and all the holidays from the United States. They call Hawaii the Aloha State. Aloha (mean) both hello and goodbye. It also means“I love you”.

Usually when people from different countries, races, and traditions live together, there are serious problems. There are a few problems in Hawaii, 5 in general, people have learned to live together 7 9 6 peace. 8 (live) Hawaiians earn most of their money from travelers, most of in Hawaii now so there are residential areas Philippines, where they do not have to pay workers [答案] [解析] 1.a 1.a 2.flowered 3.traditional 4.means 10 come from the mainland and from Japan. There are many people

there used to be farms. Some of the big sugar and pineapple companies have moved to the much money. The families of the first people who came from the U. S. mainland 6.in 7.whom 8.living 9.where 10.as

own the important banks and companies. Japanese are also buying or starting businesses here. 5.but [语篇解读] 在夏威夷, 人们都非常友好, 非常欢迎游客。虽然人们都来自不同国家、不同民族, 但是他们还是能和平相处。

夏威夷通常是通过旅游业赚钱的。 他们给游客一个项链。项链, 可数名词。 男的穿鲜艳的带花的衬衫。前后照应, 可以看后面的 long flowered dresses。 这里有传统的中国节日、日本节日和菲律宾节日。修饰 holiday 用形容词。 Aloha 这个词意思既是你好也是再见。主语是单数, 所以谓语动词用 means。 2.flowered 3.traditional 4.means 5.but

在夏威夷也有很多问题, 但是一般来说, 人们能学会如何和平地相处。转折关系。 定语从句, 先行词是 travelers, 因此这里用 whom。不能用 who, 因为前面有介词 of, 后面要接宾格 whom。 这个句子类似于: There are many people who are living in Hawaii. 定语从句, 先行词是 residential areas, 指地点, 关系词用 where。 句意: 在这里, 他们不必付给工人那么多的钱。该句完整形式为: They don' t have to pay workers as much money as they did in 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示: 1)汉语提示, 2)首字母提示, 3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,并将该词

6.in live in peace 和平相处, 固定搭配。 7.whom 8.living 9.where 10.as Hawaii. [变式训练] 完整地写在相对应的横线上。所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。 Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Some of us are having problems with our parents, we are not 3 1 they often look into our school bags or read our 4 2 (日记). I fully understand why (舒服) about it, But there’s no need to feel too sad. Our parents are our bags to make sure we’re not getting into any

trouble. They havep

5

heard some horrible stories about otherk 6 8 9

and thought we might do the same. Or perhaps they just want toc 10 to read it. 8.suggestion 9.letter 10.bound

7

with us but are doing it all wrong. My you can talk to them, write them a [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.as 2.diaries 4.checking 1.as 2.diaries [语篇解读]

(建议) is:Tell them we want them to trust us as much as we’d like to trust them. If you don’t think 4.checking 5.probably 6.kids 7.connect

and leave it lying around—they are b

3.comfortable

本文是一篇关于如何和父母处好关系的演讲,作者给出了一些建议。

主句是结果,从句是原因,这里用 as 来引导原因状语从句。 此处考查对单词的记忆和词形的变化,our 说明了应用名词复数形式。 既要注意词形,也要注意词性,此处是形容词作表语。 check 的意思是“检查”,往往指“有据可查”。

3.comfortable

5.probably 这里需要一个副词,还要对父母们这样的行为作出可能性的推断。 6.kids 我们很熟悉 parents and children 这一关系,这里 kids 代替 children。 7.connect 9.letter 10.bound 这里是不定式作目的状语,所以要用动词原形,这是一种交流方式。 经常有人将 advice 和 suggestion 弄混,前者是不可数名词,后者是可数名词;前者强调“意见”,后者强调“建议”。 8.suggestion

结合语境,既然不是用“说”,那就是“写信”了。 bound 是形容词,意为“肯定的,必然的”,常用系表结构 be bound to do。 (2014 广州高三调研测试)

[第 76 页 Cloze 2]

Robert Burns is the most famous poet to write in Scots, the traditional language of Scotland. Born in Ayrshire, Scotland to a poor farming family, his parents made sure that he was well educated as a child. In 1783 he started composing poetry 1 4 a traditional style using the Ayrshire dialect of Scots. These poems were well received 3 made him famous in Scotland overnight. 5 necessary to return to farming. 6 this also proved unprofitable, he 7 (date) back to his 2 (local) and in 1786 they were published in the volume,

, his fame was not accompanied by money and he found

entered government service in 1789. He died at the age of 37 as a result of a weak heart, brought on by years of poor working conditions on the farm childhood. Within a short time of his death, money started pouring in from all over Scotland Today, his memory [答案] [解析] 1.in 9 (celebrate) by Burns clubs across the world and his birthday is 3.which 4.However 5.it 6.When 7.dating 10 with Scottish ancestry, celebrated with Burns suppers. 2.locally 8.to support 9.is celebrated 10.an [语篇解读] 本文体裁为记叙文, 题材为人物介绍。文章介绍了苏格兰著名诗人罗伯特· 彭斯的历史生平以及他的影响。 8 (support) his widow and children. unofficial“National Day” for Scots and those

1.in 句意: 1783 年, 他开始用一种传统的方式写诗, 运用苏格兰的埃尔郡方言。 2.locally 句意: 这些诗歌在当地很受欢迎……副词作状语。 3.which 5.it 考查定语从句。which 指代前面的事情。 句意: 然而, 他的名声没有伴随着金钱…… 4.However 6.When

句意: ……他发现需要回归务农。it 作形式宾语。 句意: 当务农还是没有收益的时候, 1789 年他进入了政府工作。 句意: 在他去世的很短时间里, 金钱开始从苏格兰四面八方涌现, 去供养他的遗孀和孩子。 句意: 现在, 对他的回忆被世界各地的彭斯俱乐部所庆祝……

7.dating 考查非谓语动词。date back to 没有被动语态, 故用-ing 形式。 8.to support 9.is celebrated [变式训练]

10.an 句意: ……他的生日对于苏格兰人来说是非官方的国庆节…… (2014 课标全国卷Ⅱ ) 41 (be)late for school.There were many people waiting at the bus stop, 44 45 46 42 the 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 One morning,I was waiting at the bus stop,worried about some of them looked very anxious and 43 (disappoint).When the bus finally came,we all hurried on board.I got a place next (stop)until we reached the next stop.Still,the boy kept 47

window,so I had a good view of the sidewalk.A boy on a bike heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver,but he refused excited conversation.Then the driver stood up and asked,“ dear!It’s 49 had done,and the crowd of strangers [变式答案] [变式解析] 41.being [语篇解读] 42.and 50 48

(catch)my attention.He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms.I (ride).He

was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting.Finally,when we came to the next stop,the boy ran up to the door of the bus.I heard an anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?”A woman on the bus shouted,“Oh (I).”She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully.Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy (sudden)became friendly to one another. 44.to 45.caught 46.to stop 47.riding 48.Did 49.me/mine 50.suddenly 43.disappointed

本文为记叙文,题材是人物故事类。讲述了一位不知名的少年骑车追还失主手提箱的故事。

41.being 介词后用动名词作宾语。

42.and and 连接两个句子,表示顺承关系。 43.disappointed 表示人的内心活动,应使用-ed 分词演变来的形容词,这里指他们看起来既焦虑又失望。 44.to next to 是固定短语,意为“挨着,靠近”。 45.caught 全文是叙述一件往事,以一般过去时为主,故这里应使用 catch 的过去式。 46.to stop 表示“拒绝做某事”时,refuse 后接不定式作宾语。 47.riding 表示“继续(不间断地)做某事”时,要用 keep doing sth.,相当于 continue doing sth.。 48.Did 句尾的问号提示该句为疑问句,“丢失”是发生在过去的动作,故应使用助动词 Did。 49.me/mine 该句既可以用宾格 me 表示“是我(丢了手提箱)”,也可以用名词性物主代词 mine 表示“那是我的手提箱”。 50.suddenly 副词修饰动词。 [第 76 页 Cloze 1] (2014 深圳高三年级第二次调研考试) 1 (throw) his tools away. 2 own

Fleming was a poor Scottish farmer. One day while working in a field, he heard a cry for help. He immediately waist and the other end boy to his farmhouse, man. “ 7 3 5 a tree, and walked into the bog. With great effort he pulled himself and the boy to Mrs. Fleming fed him and dried his clothes. 6 4

Following the sound, Fleming came to a deep bog( 沼泽), in which a boy was screaming and sinking. Fleming tied a rope around

(safe). He quickly took the

The next day a carriage arrived. A well-dressed man stepped out, can I repay you?”

(say) he was the father of the boy. “You saved my son' s life,” said the

“I don' t want payment,” Fleming replied, “Anyone would have done the same.” Just then, Fleming' s son appeared at the door. “Is he your son?” the man asked. “Yes.” said Fleming And so he did. Thus It' s said [答案] [解析] 10 9 8 (happy). “I have an idea. Let me pay for his education. If he' s like his father, he' ll grow to be a man we' ll both be proud of.” farmer' s son attended the best school, graduated from a medical college, and became the world-famous Nobel prize-winning scientist and discoverer of penicillin, Sir Alexander Fleming. many years later the man saved from the bog caught pneumonia(肺炎). 2.his 3.to 4.safety 5.where 6.saying 7.How 8.happily 9.the 10.that Penicillin saved his life. His name? Sir Winston Churchill. 1.threw [语篇解读] 本文体裁为记叙文, 题材为人物故事。本文主要讲述了一个感人的故事: 弗莱明的父亲勇救陷入沼泽之中的男

孩儿 ( 丘吉尔 ), 丘吉尔的父亲为答谢弗莱明父亲 , 决定承担弗莱明的一切学习费用 , 而受到良好教育的弗莱明发明的 “ 青霉素 (penicillin)” 又一次救了丘吉尔。 1.threw 文章是在叙述过去的事情, 用一般过去时态。 2.his 句意: 弗莱明用绳子一头绕着自己的腰部, 另一头绕到一棵树上。 3.to 根据第二题解析, 到某东西上... to sth. 。 引导定语从句 where = in which。 句意: 一位穿着考究的男士走出来, 说他是那个男孩的父亲。 4.safety 句意: 经过很大的努力, 他把他自己和那个男孩拉到了安全地带。 5.where 6.saying

7.How 句意: 我要怎样回报你呢? 8.happily 副词修饰动词“said” 。 9.the 10.that 此处用定冠词 the 表特指。 固定句型 It' s said that... 据说……。 (2012 广东省广州市普通高中高三毕业班 4 月综合测试二)

[变式训练]

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将 答案填写在答题卡标号为 16-25 的相应位置上。 Inequality between men and women results in poorer health for children and greater family poverty( 贫穷),according to a new study. The UN agency Unicef found that, __16___ the situation has slightly improved, many women are still not included in family decisions ,___17___ as __18___(improve) living standards and health, __19___ (late) report. This report points to a a result their children are more likely to suffer from poor health. The main finding of the 30-country survey is that equality between men and women is vital to especially for children in developing countries. T he conclusions are contained in the agency’s control the household, less money ___21___ An increase in [变式答案] ( spend) on healthcare and food,___22___

lack of opportunities for girls and women in education and work ,which contributes __20___ their poverty and lack of power. Where men results in poorer health for children. __23___ (employ) opportunities for women would increase ___24___ household power, the report said. For example, the 17. and 18. improving 19. latest 20. to 21. is spent/will be spent 22. which 23.

agency found that whoever has more household income decides __25___ or not it will be used for family needs. 16. though/although

employment [变式解析] 体不健康。 17. and 19. latest 20. to

24. their

25. whether 虽然情况已经稍微好转,但是许多妇女仍然不能参与家庭决策,因此她们的孩子也更有可能身

16. though/although

as a result 只能在句中作状语,不能起到连接句子的作用,故其前需添加并列连词 and。 be vital to 意为“对...……至关重要的”,其中 to 是介词,后面需接动名词作宾语。 这些结论包含在该机构的最新报告中。形容词 latest 意为“the most recent or newest 最近的,最新的”。 这份报告指出,女童和妇女在教育和工作方面缺乏机会,这是她们贫穷和缺乏权力的原因之一。 contribute to sth 意为 根据 sb spend money onsth 这一用法可知,该句主语 money 与 spend 之间为动宾关系,应使用被动语态。

18. improving

“是...……的原因之一;对...……起促成作用”。 21. is spent/will bespent 22. which 在男子持家的地方,(人们)会把较少的钱花在医疗保健和食品上,这导致儿童健康状况更差。关系代词 which 引导

非限制性定语从句,指代上文一整句话。 23. employment。employment opportunities 意为“就业机会”。 24. their 25. whether 该报告说,妇女就业机会的增长将增加她们的家庭权利。 whether or not 这里引导宾语从句,意为“是否”。 (2012 广东模拟) 1 a 2 3 (avail) not only for excellent academic performers but also for students of the average level. Certainly, (choose) their own electives. For some, practical skills are the essence(本质) of college education, and 4 (prefer). On the other hand, 7 5 may hold the idea of liberal education 8 a

[第 75 页 Cloze 26]

With the reform of Chinese higher education, more and more colleges and universities put emphasis on nurturing students' abilities. consequence, elective courses are students have different reasons

therefore, courses on computer science, marketing, and finance Take me as 6

and electives concerning Literature, history, and philosophy are the most welcome. example: being a disciple of free education, I stand for the idea 9 10 6.an university is not a place for survival skills, palace of knowledge and critical reasoning. [答案] [解析] 1.As 1.As 2.available 3.to choose my major is chemistry, the electives I attend most frequently are English Literature, an really widen my horizon. 7.that 8.but 9.Although 10.They 5.others

Introduction to Classic Music, and Different Schools of Western Painting. 4.are preferred [语篇解读]

随着中国高等教育的改革, 越来越多的大学开始关注培养学生的能力 , 因此, 选修课也越来越受欢迎。学生选

选修课也有不同的原因。 固定搭配, 结果。类似于 as a result。 选修课不仅是给优秀学生提供的, 也是给成绩一般的学生提供的。be available 可获得的, 可提供的, 可使用的。 have reasons to do 有理由做某事。名词 reason, right(权利), chance, ability 后用不定式作定语。 这里用被动。表示这些课程受同学们的欢迎。 2.available 3.to choose 5.others 7.that 8.but

4.are preferred

另一方面, 别人认为。others, 其余的人。 同位语从句, 解释 idea 的内容。例如: I don' t like the idea that the meeting should be put off.

6.an 句意: 以我为例。Take me as an example. =Take me for example. not... but... 不是……而是……, 固定搭配。 句意: 尽管我的专业是化学, 但是我参加的课程是英语文学…… 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中的语法的正确 I give up first?” Allah said, “Give up 2 lies first 句意: 他们真的拓宽了我的视野。前面是三个选修的课程名字, 用 they 指代。

9.Although 10.They [变式训练] 形式填空。

Once a man came to Allah and said, “Oh Allah, I have many bad habits. Which one s 1 and always tell the truth.” the man promised to do so and went home. At night the man was about to go out to steal. Before everyone will start hating me and call me a Next day, when he was of all his bad habits. [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.should 2.telling 1.should 2.telling 3.setting 4.thief 5.punished 6.nor/neither 7 4 3

(出发) out, he thought for a moment about the promise he made to Allah. “If 5 8 (惩罚) for stealing. But 6 can I lie.”

tomorrow Allah asks me where I have been, what should I say? Should I say that I went out stealing? No, I cannot say that. If I tell the truth, . I would be So the man decided not to steal that night, and gave up this bad habit. to drink wine, he also remembered he promised to Allah, so he gave up the idea of drinking wine. In this 9 9.at all times. One by one, he got 10.rid 10 way, whenever the man thought of doing something bad, he remembered his promise to tell the truth 7.about 8.what

[语篇解读]

本文通过一个人听从安拉的意见记住了一句忠言,从而改过自新。

这个人问安拉自己应该先戒掉哪个坏习惯。 考查 give up 后面应加名词或动词-ing 的用法。

3.setting 考查短语 set out,注意 before 在这里是介词。 4.thief 结合上句里的 steal,知道他担心别人叫他小偷。 此处考查被动语态。 两者的否定,上面表示否定的内容适合下面情况,要用倒装。 5.punished 6.nor/neither 7.about 8.what 9.at 10.rid

考查 be about to do sth 表示将来。 what 作 promise 的宾语,也引导宾语从句。 考查短语 get rid of。 (2012 广东模拟) 1 friends online and talk with them. But 2 (limit) to 4

考查 at all times 一直。

[第 75 页 Cloze 25]

Some people like to chat with others on the Internet to relax. They want to look 3

words on a computer screen, their knowledge about a person is not reliable. Identity and appearance mean very little in cyberspace( 网络空间). people are really concerned about is a person' s thoughts or at least the thoughts he expresses through the Internet. Thus, even the 5 (shy) person in the world can become a chat-room star. Critics(批评家) of online relationships believe that themselves. All of this may be fine 7 of us truly know a person in cyberspace because the Internet can make users control 6 (vary) to fit whatever image they want to give. In a way, they' re not really 9 how others view them. Internet users can get their words With so many unfamiliar persons on the Internet, 8

the relationship stays in cyberspace. But not knowing a person is a big problem in a love relationship. is easy to let one' s imagination“fill in the blanks”. This surely result 10 (difference) from the real

disappointments when net friends meet each other. An online friend whom someone imagines is often quite on a computer screen”. [答案] [解析] 1.for 3.What 5.none 6.varied 8.it 1.for 2.limited 3.What 4.shyest/shiest 5.none 6.varied 7.if 8.it 9.in 10.different [语篇解读]

person. So, before making friends in cyberspace, remember Clifford Stoll' s ad vice, “Life in the real world is far richer than anything you' ll find

很多人喜欢网上聊天来放松。 但是由于网络空间的有限性, 有时会受到欺骗, 在网络上, 有的人, 他们说的话以

及他们的身份都与实际不相符合。 look for 寻找。同样表达方法: seek for/hunt for/search for。 句意: 受限于电脑屏幕上的话, 他们对一个人的了解是不可靠的。 人们真正关心的是……这是一个主语从句。例如: What you said is right. 句意: 即使是世界上最害羞的人也可能变成一个聊天室的红人。 句意: 批评家认为我们不能在网络空间里真正地了解一个人。全部否定用 none。 句意: 网络使用者可以让他们的话发生改变来与他们想要给的印象一致。get sth. done 使得……被。 2.limited

4.shyest/shiest

7.if 句意: 如果关系仅停留在网络空间里, 那么这一切就很好。 形式主语。例如: It is easy to learn English. be different from 与……不同。固定搭配。 (2012 上海市浦东新区高三第三次模拟) 9.in result in 导致, 相当于 lead to 之用法, 例如: Hard work results in/leads to success. 10.different [变式训练] than you need. A.post B.pressure C.paid D.negotiating E.abandon F.balance G.average H.entitled I.increasingly J.reluctantly Most women in France work. Their average salary is about 75% that of their male co-workers, even though laws passed in 1972 require “professional equality” between the sexes. The good news is that women are __41__ moving into middle management, but a handful are to top executives. The higher their position, the harder it is to __42__ family and career. A 38-year-old woman who graduated from the National school of Administration remembers that when she took a senior __43__ in a ministry, her male colleagues assured her,“you are one of us, one of the guys”. But when s he became a mother, she found it difficult to stick to age-old traditions of being a housewife. Meanwhile, she couldn’t follow the office schedule. “It was too much__44__ to have long lunches and late-night meetings.”, she said. For those who want to balance family with a job, France is a heaven. Women marry later, on __45__, than in America —at age 25. They stay in the workforce, and part-time jobs are easy to find. Maternity(孕产) benefits are generous, with over six months of __46__ leave. Women who’ve raised three or more children are __47__ to get a state-funded pension, and the quality of publicly funded education for children is high. French businesswomen dress elegantly, argue intelligently and play hardball at the __48__ table. They show their wit, intellect, ability to make puns and understanding of politics, history and literature. Unlike most American female executives who dress conservatively in a dark, not particularly flattering suit, with no jewelry and little makeup, Frenchwomen see no need to __49__ femininity( 妇女特质) and elegance in the business world. They prefer soft colors, stylish clothes, silk scarves, light makeup, and simple but elegant jewelry.

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more

[变式答案] [变式解析] 42. F 43. A 44. B 45. G 46. C 47. H 48. D 49. E

IFABG 41. I

CHDE 句意:好消息是女士正越来越多地进入中层中级管理阶层,但是只有少数升到高级经理管层。根据句意可知

此处用 increasingly“越来越多地;渐增地”。 句意:女士的职位越高,她们越难在家庭和事业方面取得平衡。此处用 balance,此处作为动词,意为“保持平衡”。 句意:一位 38 岁的女士从毕业于国家行政学院毕业的 38 岁的女士,记得当她在一个行政部门取得一个高级职位时,她的 根据语境可知此处表示“吃午饭时间太多,午夜会议时间太长,都给人太多的压力”,pressure“压力”,符合题意。 句意:一般而言,女士比通常 25 岁结婚的美国人都迟。on average“一般而言,平均而言”,固定短语。 句意:产妇津贴是很慷慨多的,有超过六个月的带薪假期。根据语境可知此处用 paid leave“有薪假期”。 句意:生三个或者更多小孩的女士被授予给予国有养老保险,并且公立资助儿童教育的质量非常高。entitle,动词,“给称 句意:法国女商人在谈判桌上穿着优雅,明智辩论,通常采取强制硬态度。the negotiating table“谈判桌上”,固定短语, abandon 根据语境可知此处表示“法国女士妇女认为在商业世界没有必要丢掉女士特质和优雅”,故 abandon“丢弃,放弃,

男性同事确定地对她说,“你是我们男人中的一员”。a senior post“一个高层职位”,固定用法。

号;使有权利”,符合语境。 符合语境。 抛弃”正确。 [第 75 页 Cloze 24] (2012 广东模拟) 1 made some noise. This soon wakened the lion. 3 life. 2

A lion was asleep. However, a little mouse began running up and down beside him, “Please let me go,” it cried, “and one day I will repay you for your for him amused the lion so much it go. 5 4

(lose) his temper, he caught the mouse in his paws and was about to kill it. The mouse, terrified, pleaded to the lion to spare he laughed aloud. He thought, “How could this little mouse help me?” 7 6

(kind).” The idea of so small a creature ever being able to do anything , he lifted his paws and let

But the mouse' s chance came after all. A few days later, when the lion was wandering in the forest, he The hunters wanted to take him alive to the king, Just then the little mouse passed the little mouse. This lion [答案] [解析] 1.which 2.Losing 4.kindness 5.that 6.However 7.was caught 8.so 1.which [语篇解读] 10 2.Losing 9 3.its 8

(catch) in a trap.

he tied him to a tree, and went away to look for a wagon.

, and saw the sad lion. It went up to him and soon gnawed away( 啃断) the ropes. “Was I right?” asked 4.kindness 5.that 6.However 7.was caught 8.so 9.by 10.nodded

(nod) his head and thanked the little mouse.

一只狮子抓住了一只老鼠, 老鼠乞求狮子放了它, 并答应有朝一日报答他。 终于有一天, 狮子被猎人抓住, 捆在

树上, 老鼠咬断绳子, 救下了狮子。 定语从句, 这里的 which 指代的是前面的整个句子, 非限制性定语从句只能用 which, 而不能用 that。 losing 是非谓语动词, -ing 形式表示主动, 作伴随状语。 有一天我会回报你的善良。 然而, 狮子还是提起爪子, 放老鼠走了。 be caught in 陷入。例如: Tom was caught in heavy rain. 汤姆被大雨淋了。

3.its 乞求狮子留下它的命。老鼠的命, 用 its。 so... that... 如此……以至于……。

猎人想要把狮子活着带到国王那里, 所以就把狮子拴在一棵树上。 狮子点了点头, 感谢了小老鼠。nod 应该和 thank 时态一致。 (2014 河北省石家庄市高三第二次教学质量检测)

9.by 正在那时这只小老鼠从那里经过。pass by 经过, 固定搭配。 10.nodded [变式训练]

阅读下列材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式. Alice: Hi, Peter! I saw you on the 7 o' clock news last night. Peter: Oh, yeah. Alice: So tell us what happened? Peter : I 61 (walk) alone on the beach when I heard someone _62 (call)out for help. kid. He had climbed up the cliff(悬崖)and was stuck. Alice: What did you do then? Peter: My first thought was to run and get help, but the boy was crying. up to get him down. The rocks were very loose. and I almost 64 to climb up there alone and that I 66 (get)help first. Alice: And then what did you do? Peter: I shouted for help. Pretty soon there came _68 small crowd on the beach. One of them called the Coast Rescue Service. About five He looked as though he would fall at 63 moment. So I climbed (slip)a couple of times. I was beginning to think 65 wasn' t a good idea 67 , I couldn' t get him down. We were both stuck! I looked up and there on the headland was a little

Then I reached the boy.

minutes 69 there appeared a helicopter overhead, and we _70 (rescue) [变式答案] were rescued [变式解析] 62. calling 63. any 65. it and 主语。 66. should have got 67. However 68. a 69. later 根据上文语境,说话人语气中包含自责,故应使用 should have done 结构表示“本该做某事(而没做)” 。 上下文之间存在转折关系,且 67 空与下文之间有逗号隔开,故应使用副词 however 承上启下。 [语篇解读]本文为一段人物对话。Peter 向 Alice 讲述自己见义勇为的事迹。 when I heard…是短动作,且发生在 walk 这个长动作过程中,这个长动作要用过去进行时态。 我听见有人正在大声呼救。现在分词 calling 引导的短语作 heard 的宾语补足语,强调动作正在进行中。hear sb doing sth 他看起来仿佛随时(at any moment)都会掉下去。 有几次我险些滑倒。 连接了 think 的两个宾语从句,第一个从句省略了 that,其中 it 作形式主语,不定式短语 to climb up there alone 是真正的 61. was walking 61. was walking 62. calling 63. any 64. slipped 65. it 66. should have got 67. However 68. a 69. later 70.

表示“听见某人正在做某事” 。 64. slipped

很快,沙滩上出现了一小群人(a small crowd)。 大约 5 分钟后(about five minutes later),头顶上出现了一架直升飞机。“一段时间+later” 表示“…之后” 。 we 和 rescue 之间为被动关系,故应使用一般过去时的被动语态。 (2012 广东模拟)

70. were rescued [第 75 页 Cloze 23] 1

Christmas Eve means a warm get-together with friends, a candlelight dinner, or perhaps a celebration at a pub for students. But, for Cai Yingjie, unusual night has a different meaning: helping beggars and the homeless. 2 she saw an 3 (give) the woman some warm bread and helped her Cai, a student in journalism at Tsinghua, could be found at Beijing' s Wudaokou Light Railway Station that special evening. old beggar, she took the cold, rough hands of the woman with her warm, clean hands, put on a pair of new gloves. The woman was surprised for a few seconds, then burst into tears, saying“ Cai said, “A beggar' s life is even a look of surprise. “I know the [答案] [解析] 1.the 3.gave 4.For 5.harder 2.When 1.the 8 (active) can' t help much, but it is meant 2.When 3.gave 4.For 5.harder 9 (show) our respect and care for beggars and the homeless 7.with 8.activity 9.to show 10.who/that 10 have been neglected for so long,” said Sun, head of the group. 6.them [语篇解读] 这个圣诞节前夜, 很特别。蔡莹洁帮助了一些无家可归的人和乞丐。这些行为让他们觉得自己受到了尊重。 5 4 the first time I feel respected.” 6 some of the warm food. Each beggar greeted them 7 (hard) today. That' s why I want to help them.”

They brought bread and gloves with them, and stopped to greet beggars and offer

这个不寻常的晚上, 特指这个圣诞节前夜。 当她看见一个老乞丐, 她用温暖的、干净的手握着她的冰冷的、粗糙的手。 give 与 took, helped 三个动词并列, 所以时态一致。 第一次, 我感到被人尊重。For the first time 固定搭配, 第一次。 当今乞丐的生活是更难了。这里 even 修饰比较级。

6.them offer sb. sth. 给某人提供某物。固定搭配。 7.with look 表情。with a look of surprise 带着惊讶的表情。 8.activity 10.who/that [变式训练] the 特指, 这个活动。active, 形容词, 活跃的。 定语从句, 先行词是 beggars and the homeless, 所以关系词要用 who 或者 that。 (2011 上海) 9.to show mean to do sth. 意味着做某事。

Directions:Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. launched H. miraculously may not be as 1 B. unpleasant I. superior C. applying J. advances 2 resistance to dirt as well as D. technically E. impact F. coating G. fixed

How would you like to wear the sameunderwear(内衣裤)for weeks?Owing to the work that has gone into developing intelligent materials,this as it sounds. Self-cleaning clothes have now been created,and these new materials provide water. As a result,they require much less cleaning than traditional materials. The creation of self-cleaning clothes provides an example of how nature helps scientists develop better products. This self-cleaning nature is known as the“lotus effect”. The name comes,of course,from the lotus leaves,which are famous for growing in muddy lakes and rivers while remaining almost 3 clean. By observing nature,scientists are 4 the qualities of the lotus leaves to the materials they have engineered.

Because of this,some remarkable new products have been 6 new windows have already been theirwindshield wipers(雨刮器). 7

5

. Among them are special windows that are resistant to dirt and water. A special

on these windows not only prevents dirt from sticking to their surfaces,but also allows dust to be easily washed off by the rain. In fact,these to some cars. Even when traveling at high speed through rain,these cars never have to use 8 will be made in the future,and they will,perhaps,change 9 on our lives. 9. E

Although we have already seen some practical applications,even more dramatic [变式答案] 1. B 2. I 3. H 4. C 5. A 6. F 7. G 8. J

our world completely. Undoubtedly,technology is an important development,and it will have an even bigger

[变式解析] 【语篇解读】 许多发明创造都是人类向大自然学习的结果。本文主要向读者介绍了人类通过向“出污泥而不染” 的莲 叶学习创造出新型材料的故事。 1. B 2. I 3. H 根据上文 wear the same underwear(内衣裤)for weeks 可知设空处应填 unpleasant“使人不舒服的”。 由下文 they require much less cleaning than traditional materials 可知这些新材料防尘和防水的性能都是非常出众的。故此处用 此处赞扬荷叶出污泥而不染, 故设空处应用 miraculously“奇迹般地, 不可思议地”。

superior 出众的, 更好的。 4. C 科学家把莲叶的优良品质应用到材料上。apply. . . to. . . 将……应用到……上。 5. A launch new products 推出新产品。 6. F 层。 7. G 8. J 9. E 事实上, 这些新型窗户已经安装到某些汽车上了。fix. . . to. . . 将……安装到……上。 make advances 取得进展。 have an impact on. . . 对……有影响。 Even when traveling at high speed through rain, these cars never have to use their windshield wipers. 即使是在雨中高速行驶, 这些窗户上的专用覆盖层不仅可以防止灰尘依附在窗户表面 , 而且还可以让灰尘很容易就被雨水冲洗掉。 coating 涂层, 覆盖

【长难句】

这些(安装了新型窗户的)汽车也不必使用雨刮器。 本句中 Even when traveling at high speed through rain 为省略结构, 本句还原为: Even when these cars are traveling at high speed. . . at high speed 以很快的速度。 [第 75 页 Cloze 22] (2012 揭阳高三学业水平考试) 1 news

In Crisis, Become As One When I was struggling with cancer a few years ago, my wife and I formed our own“couple caution circle”. Anytime a doctor came brought 2 of my progress, my wife would give me a big hug. The reports were seldom good during the early stages of my illness. One day a doctor (particular) frightening news. Staring at my reports, the doctor said in a low voice, “It doesn' t look like you' re going to make it.” 3 .” 8 (push) the intravenous 9 really knows what is going on.” Then she held up her hand to the doctor, “Don' t (stand) up, handed me my clothes, adjusted the tubes 4 (fasten) to my body and said, 5 6 risk to your health.” As she helped me struggle to the door, the doctor came near us. “Stay back,” Before I could ask him a question, my wife “Let' s get out of here. This man is demanded my wife, “Stay away from 7

we walked together down the hall, the doctor attempted to catch up with us. “Keep going,” said my wife, 10 (close) to us.”

stand(静脉注射架). “We' re going to talk to someone come any

The two of us moved as one. We found a doctor who gave us hope, even though the diagnosis was bad. I could never have made that walk toward wellness alone. [答案] [解析] 1.with 2.particularly 3.stood 4.fastened 5.a 6.us 7.As/When 8.pushing 9.who 10.closer [语篇解读] 丈夫患癌症时, 夫妻俩决定共同努力去战胜疾病。

1.with 句意: 任何时候医生带来我好转的消息, 妻子都会给我个大大的拥抱。 2.particularly 副词修饰作形容词的分词 frightening。 3.stood 句意: 我还没来得及问他问题, 妻子就站了起来, 把衣服递给我, 调整了系在我身上的管子, 并且说道……该句中四个动词 fasten v. fasten the seat belt 系紧安全带。该处 fastened 为过去分词作定语修饰 tube, 例: goods bought at the supermarket 超 并列, 并在最后两个之间用 and 连接: stood, handed, adjusted and said。 4.fastened 5.a 市买的货品, news announced by our monitor 班长宣布的消息。 a risk/danger 一个危险人物, a success 一个成功人士, a failure 一个失败者, a beauty 一个美人。 句意: 当我们沿着大厅一起走时, 医生尝试赶上我们。 分词作伴随状语。 句意: 不要走更近了。否定句中用 any 修饰表比较的形容词: Tom is not hard-working and Jane isn' t any more hard-working. 6.us 句意: 远离我们。 7.As/When 8.pushing 9.who 10.closer

定语从句, 先行词为 someone。

[变式训练] Directions:

(2010 湖南) Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context. 1 their children return from school. Sometimes it is necessary for 3 another 2 4 after-school note for their children. They sometimes put the note on the kitchen table, the refrigerator, way to“talk” with a child than using the telephone. For one thing, parents have time to think about 6 8 5

阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词。 Parents are busy people. If they are working, they are usually not at home a parent to write A note is often a before they write. details that [变式答案] 处。 1. when/after 3. or 句意: 如果父母正在上班的话, 那么当孩子放学回家时/后, 他们通常不在家。由此可知答案。 2. an note 为可数名词单数, 此处表示泛指。注意 after 为元音音素开头, 故用冠词 an。 句意: 他们有时把便条放在餐桌上、冰箱上或者孩子肯定能找到的其他地方。此处表示“或者” 的意思。 根据本句中的 than 可得知此处应为比较级形式, 文章主要介绍便条的好处, 由此可得知答案。 宾语从句中缺少宾语成分, 故此宾语从句由 what 引导。 根据上文 For one thing 可得知答案。 4. better 5. what 6. For 7 place where their children are sure to find it. they want to say another, the note lists all the information in one place. It is easy to read again and again. People often forget all the or telephone calls not answered. For these reasons, 7. they 8. off

hear in a telephone call. Finally, cell phones can be turned 2. an 3. or 4. better 5. what 6. For

after-school notes are very popular with parents. 1. when/after [变式解析] 【语篇解读】 父母工作较忙, 孩子放学时他们可能不在家, 因此他们经常给孩子留便条。本文主要介绍了写便条的好

7. they 主句中的主语为 people, 故用 they 代指。 8. off 句意: 最后手机关机或者电话无人接听。turn off 关闭。 [第 74 页 Cloze 21] recovering seeing herself One day, 9 5 1 (2012 广东模拟) 2 Angela firmly believed that she was

Eleven-year-old Angela was stricken with a disease involving her nervous system. The doctors did not hold out much hope of her ever this illness. They predicted she' d spend the rest of her life in a wheelchair. 3 4 definitely going to be walking again someday. The doctors were charmed by her herself moving, moving, moving! she was straining with all her might to imagine her legs moving again, 7 6 seemed as though a miracle happened: the bed 8 this very moment, everyone 10 8.at to Angela. She was convinced that she did it. 9.else 10.that/it moved! She screamed out, “Look what I (do)! Look! Look! I can do it! I moved, I moved!” Of course, (defeat) spirit. They taught her about imagining—about

(walk). Angela would work as hard as possible in physical treatment, lying there faithfully doing her imagining, picturing

in the hospital was screaming, too. It was the San Francisco earthquake. But don' t tell 1.from 2.But 3.undefeatable 4.walking 5.as/when 6.it 7.am doing

And now only a few years later, she' s back in school. On her own two legs. No walking sticks, no wheelchair. [答案] [解析] [语篇解读] 靠轮椅行走的安杰拉, 连医生对她的康复都不抱希望, 但她始终没有放弃, 一次地震让她觉得是她自己的脚动

了, 并对此坚信不疑。几年后她真的靠自己的双脚重新走进了学校。 1.from recover from an illness 意为“从疾病中恢复过来” 。 2.But 与前句是转折关系, 相当于 However 加逗号, 引出全文的中心句。 句意: 医生被她永不言败的(undefeatable) 精神所折服。类似构词: unbearable 无法忍受的, unforgettable 无法忘记的。 see sb. doing“看见某人在做某事” 。 表示“正当……时” 。句意: 当她正在努力想象她的脚移动了的时候, 仿佛是奇迹(miracle) 发生了似的, 床移动了。 句意: 看, 我在做什么! 3.undefeatable 4.walking 5.as/when 6.it 8.at 9.else 7.am doing

句式搭配: it seems as if/as though... 仿佛是……。 at this very moment 意为“就在此刻” 。 用于复合不定代词或疑问词后, 表示“其他的”, 用 else。 替代前文说的地震这回事。 (2014 黑龙江省哈三中高三下学期第一次模拟)

10.that/it

[变式训练]

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 David and Jack are talking about cyber-relationships in their dorm. David: Jack, you spend a lot of time on the Internet everyday. What do you most frequently use it for? Jack: I usually surf 61 net, read news and anything I am interested in, check emails or chat with other people. Sometimes I order 62 you are so stuck to it. online too. Maybe I can find a girlfriend online like a fairy tale. David: Well, I see. That’s

Jack: I know dozens of websites provide dating service. Curiosity and the need for companionship make them a sure-fire business. I recommend that you David: To be 64 63 (try) Baihe.com. 65 people depend on that way to make friends. It’s kind of risky. 66 (please) experience about online dating. , I really can’t understand how

Jack: Yes, but it’s also one of the easiest and fastest ways to meet new people. David: Sounds good. But it is full of traps on the Internet, and some people have really Jack: It’s true, but some people did find their better -half through online dating. David: 67 , I won’t try that way to make my girlfriend. 68 (happen) meet a girl online who is intelligent, kind, honest, and you get a good feeling of her, won’t 69 person? Jack: Don’t be so sure. If you

you have the desire to get to know her Jack: Maybe [变式答案] in 70. one [变式解析] 61. the 62. why 70 61. the

David: I won’t have such a chance in the first place, for I never enter the chatroom. man’s meat is another’s poison. 62. why 63. (should) try 64. frank/honest 65. come 66. unpleasant 67. Anyway 68. happen to 69. David: That’s right.

[语篇解读]本文为一则对话,双方就该不该网恋展开讨论。 surf the net 是固定短语,意为“冲浪,浏览” 。 “哦,我明白了。这就是你为什么那么迷恋它的原因吧” 。why 引导表语从句,且在从句中作原因状语。 to be frank/honest 意为“老实说;坦率地说” 。

63. (should) try recommend 后接宾语从句时,从句的谓语动词用“should+动词原形” 表示虚拟,should 可以省略。 64. frank/honest 65. come 说实话,我真不明白人们为什么用这种方式交朋友。how come 引导宾语从句,意为“为什么,怎么会” 。 66. unpleasant 根据上文 it is full of traps on the Internet(网络上充满陷阱)判断,这里指不愉快的(unpleasant)网恋经历。 67. Anyway “不管怎样(Anyway),我不会用这种方式交女朋友” 。 68. happen to happen to do 表示“碰巧做,恰巧是” 。 69. in “如果你碰巧在网上遇见一个女孩,她聪明、善良、诚实,给你感觉不错,难道你不想亲自去了解她吗” ?in person 是固定短 语,意为“亲自,本人” 。 70. one 下文 another 提示此空填 one。这句谚语意为“对某人有利的对另一个人未必” 。 [第 74 页 Cloze 20] (2012 广东高三两校联考) 1 the state of Chu dropped his beautiful well-set sword into the water 3 (hear) that, the 5 .” But the man hesitated for a while and said, “We can' t do that 8 opposite bank, the man undressed 9 immediately 2 he was in the middle of the river. “Oh, God,” he cried. “What can I do?” 6

The story happened in Chunqiu Dynasty of ancient China. A man because of the shake from the boat boatman replied 7 4

(calm), “It doesn' t matter. I' m coming to dive for

because the water is rapid and deep. But I have a better idea.”

these words, he took out his knife and made a mark on one side of the boat 10 (make) the mark. When he finally appeared from the water 7.where 8.the 9.himself 10.had made

his sword was dropped. “Well, everything is done!” When the boat stopped at

and dove into the water for his sword from the very place where he [答案] [解析] 1.from 2.while/when 3.Hearing 4.calmly 5.it 6.With

murmuring, “What' s happening? Why can' t I find my sword from the water just under the mark?”, laughter burst from the passengers. [语篇解读] 本篇为中国寓言《刻舟求剑》的故事。

1.from “楚国人”, 例: a man from America 美国人。 2.while/when 3.Hearing 4.calmly 5.it 6.With 7.where 8.the 9.himself 句意: 很久以前, 在中国春秋时期, 一个楚国人在船行驶到河中间时, 因为船体的摇晃而使其美丽的剑落入了水中。 分词作状语, 该句可改成状语从句: When he heard that,... 副词修饰动词 replied。 with these words 为固定词组: 说完这句话。at these words 为固定结构: 听到这句话。 定语从句。 undress oneself 脱掉衣服。 从句比主句中先完成的动作用过去完成时, 例: He finished the work which had been given to him by his boss. /When he got (2011 广东) 1 (late) that day. My friends 冠词特指, 例: on the opposite side。

指剑。

10.had made [变式训练]

to the cinema, the film had begun. 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 One Sunday morning in August I went to a local music festival. I left it early because I had an appointment walked me to the bus stop and waited with me 2 the bus arrived. I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man

3

(sit) at the front. He

4

(pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be 6 he was trying to talk, but after some minutes 8 7 his own either.

5

(mental) disabled.

Behind him were other people to

walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed. 9 amazing

I didn’t want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn’t like leaving him

After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home. I’m glad I made the choice. It made [变式答案] both [变式解析] 2. until 3. sitting 1. later 1. later 2. until 10 of us feel good. 4. was pretending 5. mentally 6. whom 7. they 8. on 3. sitting

9. an

10.

later that day 意为: 那天晚些时候。再如: Later that night Peter visited her in her apartment. 那晚后半夜, Peter 去她

的公寓看望了她。 句意: 我的朋友陪我走到了车站并与我一起等着直到公共汽车到来。 notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人正在干某事。 句意: 他假装一只老虎玩具是真的并在同它说话。and 使动词 pretend 与 give 形成了并列关系, 所以 giving 的形式

4. was pretending 5. mentally

决定了 pretend 必须用进行时态, 而全文用的是过去时态, 所以该空用过去进行时。 mentally disabled 智障的 , 副词+ 过去分词构成合成形容词。再如 : well-known 著名的 , formally dressed 穿着正式的 , beautifully woven 编织精美的, strictly supervised 严格监控的。 6. whom 该句为介词 to 后接了一个定语从句, 先行词为 people 指人, 所以该空只能填 whom。 7. they 该空难度较大。首先要明白到底是谁走开了, 并坐在了我的附近。从下文可看出作者不想让这个人独自待着, 并且走到了前 排坐在了这个人的旁边。这说明是这个人后面坐着的一些人因为这个人搭讪感到恼火而离开了原来的座位, 坐到了作者的附近, 因 而留下这个人没趣地待在原位。 8. on on one’s own=by oneself 单独地, 独自地。 9. an have a conversation 意为: 进行了一场对话。amazing 以元音音素开头, 故填 an。 10. both 句意: 这使我们两个人都感到很好。 (2012 汕头普通高中毕业班教学质量监测) 1 birds for him 2 his front door in my mailbox. 4 was already dark when I 5 the back door. I was getting

[第 74 页 Cloze 19]

My friend Vernon Davies kept birds. One day he phoned and told me he was going away for a week. He asked me to feed and said that he would leave the key 3 (fortunate), I forgot all about the birds until the night before Vernon was going to return. What was worse, 6 7 Vernon would say when he came back.

arrived at his house. I soon found that the key Vernon gave me could not unlock either the front door desperate. I kept thinking of I was just going to give up

I noticed that one bedroom window was slightly open. I found a barrel and pushed in under the window. As 8 9 and open the window. (shine) a torch up at me. I looked down and saw a 10 (feel) like a complete fool,

the barrel was very heavy, I made a lot of noise. But in the end, I managed to climb I actually had one leg inside the bedroom when I suddenly realized that someone I replied, “I was just going to feed Mr Davies' birds.” [答案] [解析] 1.the 2.to 1.the 2.to 3.Unfortunately 4.it 5.or 6.what 7.when 8.up

policeman and an old lady, one of Vernon' s neighbors. “What are you doing up there?” said the policeman. 9.was shining

10.Feeling

[语篇解读] 定冠词特指。

我的朋友外出一周, 委托我帮他照看家里的鸟儿, 我却忘了这事。在朋友要回来的前一晚 , 我想起了这件事。

当我从窗子爬进朋友的房子时, 却遇到了警察和邻居。 “前门的钥匙” 。类似用法: key/solution to the problem 解决问题的关键/方法, answer to the question 问题的答案, reaction/response 副词修饰整个句子。例: Honestly, you are wrong.

to the issue 对问题的反应。 3.Unfortunately 4.it 5.or 指时间。例: It' s nine o' clock. 也可指天气: It is cloudy. either... or... 要么……要么……, 该句中如果没有 not 一词, 就用 neither... nor...: I soon found that the key Vernon gave me could 句意: 我不断地想着当 Vernon 回来时, 将说什么。 句意: 我正准备放弃, 这时我注意到一个卧室的窗子稍微开着。 句意: 我实际上已将一条腿放进了卧室, 这时我意识到某人正在用手电筒照我。 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从表格中选择一个适当的词填空。 B. shockingly C. order D. healthier (站在桶上) 往上爬。 分词作伴随状语, 该句也可改为: I felt like a complete fool, and replied...

unlock neither the front door nor the back door. 6.what 7.when 8.up

9.was shining 10.Feeling [变式训练] A. recent

E. spend I. habits the new 1

F. require J. including

G. menu

H. specialists

Grilled chicken replaced the hot dogs. Strawberries instead of cookies at snack time. No more fruit juice —water or low-fat milk only. This is at a Delaware day care center, part of a movement to take the fight against obesity to pudgy ( 矮胖的) preschoolers. 2 that child-care providers take specific nutrition and physical 3 food in Day care is the next frontier:New Harvard research shows few states

activity steps considered key to keeping the under-5 crowd fit. And while years of work now have older kids starting to get schools, more and more kindergarteners show up their first day already overweight or obese.

“We’ve got to start really early. Elementary school is too late,” Dr. Lynn Silver of the New York City Health Department—a leader in anti-obesity standards for day care—told a start learning how. This isn’t about putting youngsters on a diet. It’s about teaching them early, Before bad the norm and—that junk food, 7 Two-thirds of Americans are either overweight or obese, and it starts 统计信息). Nearly three-fourths of children aged 2 to 5 [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.G 2.F 3.D 5.H 6.I 7.J 8.B 9.E GFDAHIJBE [语篇解读] 本文介绍了校园午餐的变化,以及向健康饮食靠拢的方式和倾向。 8 6 form, how being active and eating healthy can be the chicken pieces-type fare that we call “kid food”—should be a rare treat. early. Research last April found almost one in five 4-year-olds 4 meeting that brought child-care 5 together with federal and state health authorities to

already was obese. Rates are highest among American Indian, hispanic and black children, But the problem affects every demographic ( 人口 9 at least part of their day in child-care, about half in formal day-care centers. The changes cost a bit more;schools hired extra part-time cooks and fresh foods can cost more than processed.

本段前三句话都是介绍菜单的变化。 require 后面接宾语从句用到了虚拟语气。 从菜单的变化说明校园午餐向健康靠拢。 本空与后半句的 authorities 对应。 在孩子的坏习惯养成之前就教给他们应该吃什么。 本空在列举包含到的例子。 孩子变胖的年龄之早令人震惊。 与后面的时间 at least part of their day 搭配,可知应用 spend。 (2012 广州高三调研测试一) 1 (boil) rice and started to eat. Nearby was a 2 . When the man finished eating and got up to leave, she

4.A 最近的会议表明的观点是什么。

[第 74 页 Cloze 18]

Once upon a time, a poor traveler stopped under a tree. From his bag he took out a bowl of small shop, where a woman was selling fried fish to travelers able to pay for shouted, “You have not paid me for your meal!” “But I ordered nothing from you!” he said. “Everyone can see that you would not have been so Soon a crowd gathered. 4 3

(enjoy) the smell of my fried fish with your rice,” argued the woman. “If you hadn' t smelt the fish, your meal 6 he had

(please)!”

5 they supported the traveler, they also agreed that the wind was blowing from the shop to the place 7 (tell) the judge the story, she insisted that 9 8

eaten, carrying the smell of the fried fish to him. At last, the woman took him to a judge and after sound of 25 cents [ 1.boiled [解析] 1.boiled 2.it/them 3.enjoyed 2.it/them [语篇解读] 3.enjoyed 10 the man had enjoyed her fish smell, he should pay 25 cents. After hearing the evidence, the judge asked the man to drop the smell of the fried fish.” 答 4.pleasant/pleasing 5.Though/Although 6.where 案 7.telling 8.since/as/because 9.a 10.for ] 25-cent coin on the ground. “Here is your payment, the

一个游客在一家炸鱼店旁吃自带的米饭。吃完后店老板要求他支付从店里飘到他那儿的鱼香味。最终在法庭 ,

法官主持了公道。 “煮好的米饭” 。类似用法: boiled water 开水, boiling water 正开着的水。 many fish 许多鱼, many fishes 许多种类的鱼。 所以此处的 fish 可以是一条鱼, 也可能是多条鱼, 所以可以用 it 或 them 代替。 表示动作已发生了。 “令人愉快的” 。该句使用虚拟语气 : 如果你没有闻鱼的气味 , 你的这顿饭就不会这么香了。例 : If the Second 句意: 虽然他们支持这个游客, 他们也同意风带着炸鱼的味道, 从店里吹到了游客吃饭的地方。

4.pleasant/pleasing 5.Though/Although 6.where 7.telling

World War hadn' t broken out, many people wouldn' t have died. 定语从句。 介词 after 后接动名词形式。

8.since/as/because 9.a

句意: 最后, 这个女人把他带到法官处, 在把发生的事告诉法官后, 她坚持认为因为这个人享受了她的鱼的气味,

他应该付 25 美分。 “一枚 25 美分硬币” 。 “pay for” 为……付钱。 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词。 1 up of well over 5,000 drawings, 2 the general public would not become aware of until over 400 years later. 10.for

[变式训练]

In 1519 Leonardo da Vinci died and left behind one of the world’s largest collections of art. They were sketches, and paintings, the vast majority of The largest part of this collection was later 4 In 1637 the collections were donated 1966. 3 5

in the hands of Francesco Melzi, a trusted assistant and favorite student of Leonardo. Sixty years Biblioteca Ambrosiana, the library in Milan, where they remained until 1796 when Napoleon 6 170 years until it was rediscovered in 7 brilliant people in history

Melzi died in 1579 the collection began a lengthy, and often destructive journey.

ordered the manuscripts to be transferred to Paris. Much of the collection “disappeared” for the

Libraries played a significant role in the preservation of the da Vinci collection and we often wonder about who didn’t have libraries to preserve their work. Some we will [变式答案] [变式解析] 1.made 2.which 3.left 4.when 5.to 1.made 2.which 3.left 4.when 5.to [语篇解读] 8 know about. 7.other 8.never 6.next/following

文章由达· 芬奇去世后留下的大笔文物谈到了图书馆在历史上的变迁和发展。

这里考查的是短语 make up 构成。但是在本句中用到了被动语态,也就是系表结构 be made up of。 这里考查到了介词+which,注意先行词是 drawings, sketches, and paintings 是指物。 这是一个主从复合句,指的是时间,所以用 when 引导时间状语从句。 本空前的“disappeared”说的是接下来发生的事情,所以用 next 或者 following。 第一句的 died and left behind 说明这些文物是达· 芬奇死后留给后人的,所以用 leave 留给。

这里考查到了 donate 的用法,和 give 一样,用介词 to 表示对象。 本空和本段尾句的 some 对应,说明这里是泛指其他的人,这里缺少的是定语,所以用 other。 本空需要一个表示否定意义的副词和上一句的 wonder about 以及 didn’t have libraries 吻合。 (2012 广东惠州高三第二次调研) 1 I came out of my teacher' s office, I told myself: “Smile! It' s not so serious.” 4 2 worked a little, really.

6.next/following 7.other 8.never

[第 74 页 Cloze 17]

Recently I failed an exam. However, I smiled a big smile and Everyone gets 3

(frustrate) sometimes. I used to be always influenced by pressure and I was often in low spirits. But one day I came (worry) about a problem doesn' t help. Why not just give a big smile and face up 7 (laugh) is better than tears and anger. I 9 courage to move on. 8 6

a sentence in the Bible: “Do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself. Let the day' s own troub le be sufficient for the day.” It suddenly struck me: “ 5 the trouble?” Now every time I want to cry, I remind myself that (convince) that there' s something

magical about a smile. A smile helps me recover confidence and gives me again. Smile at life, [答案] [解析] 1.after 2.it 1.after 2.it [语篇解读] 10 it will shine on you. 4.across 5.Worrying 6.to

Remember, whenever you' re faced with a setback, whenever you' ve been treated unfairly, all it takes is determination and you can feel happy 3.frustrated 7.laughter 8.am convinced 9.the 10.and

最近, 作者一次考试不及格, 但他告诉自己微笑面对, 这样做起了一点作用。 的确, 无论我们遇到什么挫折而情

绪低落, 都要面带微笑应对。 “走出老师办公室后” 。 句意: 我笑了, 这真的起了一点作用。It works. =It helps. 为常见口语表达方式, 下文第五空所在的句中 help 一词可换为 work。 “ 沮 丧 ”, 相 同 意 思 的 词 : discouraged/disappointed/depressed/upset 。 例 : He was/got/felt

例: It won' t work/help even if you take the medicine. 即使你吃药也不起作用。 3.frustrated 4.across 6.to discouraged/disappointed/depressed/upset/frustrated. 他感到沮丧。 “偶遇”, 为常见固定词组。 动名词作主语。 为 laugh 的名词形式。 be convinced that... 为常见用法。 5.Worrying 7.laughter 9.the 10.and

“face up to”, 勇敢面向。例: Don' t force him to face up to that problem. 别强迫他正视那个问题。

8.am convinced

定冠词特指。 and 连接两个并列句。 (2014 广东省汕头市 3 月高考模拟)

[变式训练]

仔细阅读下面短文,短文中有 10 个空格。请按照语境以及括号里所给的词完成短文。

Until about 150 years ago, the most important, expensive and renowned kind of painting was large-scale pictures that told a story, regarded as the 16 (hard) challenge for an artist. 17 (choose) suitable subjects, artists had to be well-read. Then they had to know 19 18 stories could be told without words, using only gestures and expressions. To create lifelike scenes, they had to understand perspective, lighting and anatomy. So history painting needed a lot of thought and . (imagine). Large-scale pictures used to be reserved for grand religious or patriotic 20 contemporary news stories. One of the first 21 French ship in 1816, which showed how art could have a powerful subjects, but that changed in the 19th century, as artists began creating history paintings based of these was The Raft of the Medusa, inspired by the wreck of political impact. It presents a scene they 22

the survivors of the wreck on a raft littered with bodies try to signal to a distant ship. When 24 look heroic rather than violent. The picture caused a huge outcry. Some people thought 19. imagination 20. on 21. a 22. where 23. were rescued 24. them 25.

23 ( rescue ), they told how they had been abandoned by their captain, while he sailed to safety in a lifeboat. Starving, they had to eat 25 had been involved in appointing the ship' s captain.

each other to survive—though this picture makes the artist meant to criticize the French king, [变式答案] who [变式解析] 16. hardest 17. To choose 18. how 样,如何” 。 19. imagination 20. on 21. a 22. where 23. were 24. them 25. who 16. hardest 17. To choose

18. how

[语篇解读]本文为说明文,介绍了以历史事件为题材的绘画形式——历史画。 冠词 the 提示这里应使用形容词的最高级形式。 artists 是 choose 的逻辑主语,两者间为主动关系,故应使用不定式作目的状语。

他们必须知道, 没有文字, 只用姿势和表情如何把故事讲述出来。 how 既引导宾语从句, 又在从句中作方式状语, 意为“怎 and 连接了 needed 的两个宾语,故应使用 imagine 的名词形式。

(be) based on 为固定短语,意为“以…为基础,为根据” 。这里 based on 引导的短语作后置定语,修饰 history paintings。 不定冠

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