9512.net
甜梦文库
当前位置:首页 >> 高三英语 >>

名词性从句 考点归纳)


I.概念 概念 在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词性从句。名词性从句的功能相当于名词词组,它在复 在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词性从句。名词性从句的功能相当于名词词组 它在复 合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等, 因此可分别称为主语从句、 合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等 因此可分别称为主语从句、宾语从 表语从句和同位语从句。主要考查语序问题、连接词选用、 句、表语从句和同位语从句。主要考查语序问题、连接词选用、时态的 呼应等 Who will win the match is still unknown. I want to know what he has told you. The fact is that we have lost the game. The news that we won the game is exciting. 2. 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类: 从属连词: 从属连词: that, whether, if 不充当从句的任何成分 连接代词: 作主、 连接代词 what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which, whichever. (作主、宾、 表、补) 连接副词: 连接副词 when, where, how, why, however, wherever(状) ( 主语从句的用法 主语从句在复合句中作主语 合句中作主语, 一、主语从句在复合句中作主语 它可 以位于句首, 以位于句首 但常见的主语从句多放在 句末,句首则用形式主语 。 句末 句首则用形式主语 it。 1.That the earth is round is true. . = It is true that the earth is round 2. Whether he will come hasn’t been decided. = It hasn’t been decided whether he will come. 注意: 子成分,只起连接作用 只起连接作用,不能省略 注意 连词 that, whether 在从句中不担任 句子成分 只起连接作用 不能省略 ( 注 : if 不可用来引导主语从句) 不可用来引导主语从句) When he will go to America is not yet fixed. (It is not yet fixed when he will go to America.) Whoever leaves the room last should close the door. Whatever we do must be in the interests of the people. 3.常见的 it 作形式主语的结构 常见的 作形式主语的结构 1)It is a fact that he won the match. ) 2)It is necessary that we do study the English. ) 3)It is known to all that light travels in straight lines. ) 4)It seemed that he would come here ) 基本句型结构 常用词语

It is + 名词 + that 从句

It is a fact/a shame/a pity/no wonder/ good news/…that…

It is + 形容词 + that 从句 It is necessary/strange/important/ possible/likely/…that…这类主语从 这类主语从 句中,谓语动词常为 谓语动词常为(should)+动词原形 句中 谓语动词常为 动词原形

It is + 过去分词 + that 从 It is said/reported/decided/known/ 句 …that… It + 不及物动词 + that 从 It seemed/happened/doesn’t matter/has turned out/…that 句 … 二、it 作形式主语和 it 引导强调句的比较 it 作形式主语代替主语从句 主要是为了平衡句子结构 主语从句的连接词有变化。 作形式主语代替主语从句,主要是为了平衡句子结构 主语从句的连接词有变化。 主要是为了平衡句子结构, 引导的强调句则是对句子某一部分进行强调,无论强调的是什么成分 无论强调的是什么成分,都可用连词 而 it 引导的强调句则是对句子某一部分进行强调 无论强调的是什么成分 都可用连词 that。 。 被强调部分指人是也可用 who/whom。例如 。例如: It is a pity that you didn’t go to see the film. It doesn’t interest me whether you succeed or not. It is in the morning that the murder took place. It is John that broke the window. 宾语从句的用法 句子结构: 句子结构: 连接词(引导词 引导词) 主句 + 连接词 引导词 + 宾语从句 1.We believe (that) he is honest. 2.Do you know what he said just now? 3.I don’t remember when we arrived ’ 4.Lily wanted to know if /whether her grandma liked the handbag . 5.we should think of how we can do more for others 等动词之后,宾语从句中谓语的否定常转移到主句的谓语 在 think, believe, suppose, expect 等动词之后 宾语从句中谓语的否定常转移到主句的谓语 上。 I don’t believe he will go. We don’t expect he is coming. I don’t think he can do it, can he? You /They don’t think he can do it ,do they? ’ 在接复合宾语的句子中, 为了保持句子平衡, 作形式宾语,将从句放于句尾 将从句放于句尾, 在接复合宾语的句子中 为了保持句子平衡 用 it 作形式宾语 将从句放于句尾 常接复合 宾语的动词有: 宾语的动词有 make, find, see, hear, feel, think... I think it necessary that we take plenty of hot water every day. I think it a pity to waste the food 表语从句的用法 在复合句中用作表语的从句是表语从句, 引导表语从句的关联词与引导主语从句的关联词 在复合句中用作表语的从句是表语从句 大致一样,表语从句位于连系动词后 表语从句位于连系动词后,有时用 引导。 其基本结构为:主语 大致一样 表语从句位于连系动词后 有时用 as if 引导。 其基本结构为 主语 + 系动词 + that 从句。 从句。 That’s what we should do. That’s why I want to see you. The reason for my absence was that I was ill. 1. be, seem, look 等动词后均可跟表语从句: 等动词后均可跟表语从句: My suggestion is that we should go shopping. It seems that it is going to rain 2. as if, because 也可引导表语从句。 也可引导表语从句。 It looks as if it’s going to rain.

It was because I got up late. 3. 在非正式文体中 引导表语从句的 that 可以省略。如: 在非正式文体中,引导表语从句的 可以省略。 The trouble is (that) he is ill 注意:在表语从句中 在表语从句中,当 做主语时, 注意 在表语从句中 当 reason 做主语时 引导词只能用 that,不能用 because,如:他迟到的原 不能用 如 他迟到的原 因 是 因 为 他 没 有 赶 上 早 班 车 。 The reason why he was late was that he didn’t catch the early bus. 同位语从句的用法 在 句 中 起 同 位 语 的 作 用 . 一 般 放 在 名 词 fact , news , idea , promise, thought , suggestion,truth , hope , problem, information, belief, doubt, question dream advice, proof decision 等之后,用以说明或解释前面的名词. 1.The question whether we need more time to do the work has not been discussed. 2.I have no idea when they will go. 3.The suggestion that the plan (should) be delayed will be discussed tomorrow. 动词原形,should 名词 suggestion,advice.order 等词后的同位语从句的谓语动词要用 should+动词原形 动词原形 可省略. 可省略 同位语从句有时被别的词把它和名词隔开: 同位语从句有时被别的词把它和名词隔开: The story goes that William Tell killed the king with an arrow. Word came that their team had won 九大热点问题 1..同位语从句与定语从句的区别 同位语从句与定语从句的区别 1).The news that the plane would take off on time made everybody happy. ) 2).The news that is spreading around the airport is that a heavy storm is coming. ) 3).The suggestion that students should learn something practical is worth considering. ) 4).The suggestion that they are considering is that students should learn something practical 同位语从句与定语 从句的不同之处 从句的作用不同: 从句的作用不同:同位语从句用来进一步 说明前面名词的内容;定语从句用来修饰、 说明前面名词的内容;定语从句用来修饰、 限定前面的名词(相当于一个定语) 限定前面的名词(相当于一个定语) 。 e.g. The news that our team has won the final match is encouraging. (从句说明 消息 的内容:我们队取得了决赛胜利。 从句说明“消息 的内容:我们队取得了决赛胜利。 消息”的内容 ) The news that you told us is really encouraging. 从句对“消息 加以限定:是你告诉我们的,而非来自其他渠道。 消息”加以限定 (从句对 消息 加以限定:是你告诉我们的,而非来自其他渠道。但消息是何内容却不得 而知。 而知。 ) 的功能不同: 引导同位语从句时是一个纯连词, 引导从句的关联词 that 的功能不同:that 引导同位语从句时是一个纯连词,不充当任何成 是关系代词,既指代先行词又须在从句中充当成分。 分;而引导定语从句的 that 是关系代词,既指代先行词又须在从句中充当成分。 e.g.1) Dad made a promise that he would buy me CD player if I passed the English test. (that 不 充当任何成分) 充当任何成分) 2) Dad made a promise that excited all his children. (that 指代 promise,又在从句中充当主语。 ,又在从句中充当主语。 ) Choose the best answer 1.They expressed the hope ___they would come over to China. A. which B. that C. whom D. when 2.The fact___ he didn’t see Tom yesterday is true.

A. that B. which C. when D. what 3.I have no idea ____he will come back. A. where B. when C. what D. that 4.The news ___ surprised everybody yesterday now proves to be false. A. that B. when C. what D. how 5.One of the men held the view ___ the book said was right. A. what that B. that which C. that what D. which that 6.Word has come ___ some American guests will come for a visit to our college next week. A. what B. whether c. that D. which 2.语序问题(名词性从句用陈述语序) 语序问题( 语序问题 名词性从句用陈述语序) 1.The photographs will show you ____ . (MET89) ( ) A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like 2.He asked____for a violin.(MET92) ( ) A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid 3.whether\if 的区别 ? I. Please tell me if/whether you will go to the lectures tomorrow. ? II. It all depends on whether the sky will clear up. ? III. The question is whether the film is well worth seeing. ? IV. Can you tell me whether or not the train has left? ? V. Whether it is true remains a problem. ? VI. He doesn’t know whether to stay. ’ ? A.引导宾语从句,位于及物动词后 引导宾语从句, 引导宾语从句 ? B.引导宾语从句,位于介词后 引导宾语从句, 引导宾语从句 ? C.引导主语从句,放句首 引导主语从句, 引导主语从句 ? D.引导表语从句,主语从句或同位语从句 引导表语从句, 引导表语从句 ? E. 可与 or not 直接连用 4.What\that 的区别(在名词性从句中) 的区别(在名词性从句中) ? ? ? ? ? ? I. I think that it is unnecessary for me to speak louder. II. His mother is satisfied with what he has done. III. That he was able to come made us happy. IV. This is what makes us interested. V. The reason was that Tod had never seen the million-pound note before.

?

?

所引导的从句中是 ? 否缺主语、 表语或 否缺主语 、 宾语

汉语意义

?

能否省略

?

What

? ?



? ? ? ? ?

什么; 什么;所……的 的 东西、事情 东西、 无意义

? ? ? ?



?

that

? ?

不缺

宾语从句中能省 略

5..that 引导名词性从句的省略情况 1)that 引导主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句时,不能省略。 e.g. That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised.

2)宾语从句中的连接词 that 有时可省有时又不可省, 在以下几种情况中 that 不能 省略: (A) that 从句和主句谓语动词之间有插入词语或者从句主语之间有插入语时, 当 that 不可省略;I think ,he said,that Tom will come. (B) that 从句与另一名词性从句并列作宾语时(或带两个以上宾语从句), 当 that 不能省; (C)当 that 作介词宾语时,that 不可省掉(很少在介词后引导宾从,只在 except,but ,beside ,in 后才用。介词后一般用 what,whether 连接,不用 which, if 连接)如: Everyone knew what happened and that she was worried. The reason lies in that she works harder than the others do. 6.Who / whoever, what / whatever 等的用法区别。 等的用法区别。
一般说来,what/who 等含特指意义,而 whatever/whoever 等含泛指意义,意为“无论 什么/无论谁” 。例如: It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever

解析: 解析:答案是 B,whatever 引导一个宾语从句,并且作 wants 的宾语。这里的 whatever 不能改成 what,因为题意想表达的显然是“无论孩子要什么就给他/她什么事不明智的” ,具 有泛指的概念。同时要注意,这里 whatever 也不能改用 no matter what,因为后者只能引导

状语从句。又如: ____ has helped to save the drowning girl is worth praising. A. Who B. The one C. Anyone D. Whoever

解析: ,表泛指。比较下例: 解析:答案是 D,whoever 意为“无论谁” I can’t remember at the moment who has said the words. (这里的 who 表特定的某人) 7.Where, when, why 等连接副词引导的名词性从句。 等连接副词引导的名词性从句。 Where, when, why 等连接副词也可以引导名词性从句,使用的关键是:这个词必须符合 句子的逻辑意义要求。例如: — I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. — Is that ____ you had a few days off? A. why B. when C. that D. where

解析: 解析:答案是 A,why 引导的从句作表语,同时 why 在从句中作原因状语。这里之所 以选 why,而不是 when 或 where 等,唯一的依据便是句子的逻辑含义,及语境。又如 (MET94) ; —Do you remember ____ he came? —Yes, I do, he came by car. A. How B. when C. that D. if

解析: 解析:答案是 A,从答语 “he came by car”可知这里问的是“he”来的方式,所以用 how 引导。 8.“介词+who(m)引导的宾语从句”与“介词 whom”引导的定语从句的区别。 “介词 引导的宾语从句” 介词+ 引导的宾语从句 ”引导的定语从句的区别。 介词后面的引导词用主格还是宾格,决定于它在宾语从句中作主语还是宾语。例如: It was a matter of ____ would take the position. A. who B. whoever C. whom D. whomever

解析: 解析:答案是 A。这是一个含宾语从句的复合句,作介词 of 宾语的,是后面的整个句 子,而不是宾语从句的引导词,由于这里引导词在从句中作主语,所以要用主格 who(作宾 语时自然要用 whom) 。比较下例: Our country has thousands of excellent scientists, most of whom have received higher education at home. 这是一个“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句;引导定语从句的是“most of+关系代词” 而不只是这个关系代词,同时这个引导词又作介词 of 的宾语,所以要用宾格 whom。 (注意

与介词后面的宾语从句的引导词的用法进行比较和区别。 )

9 疑问词 + ever 和 no matter + 疑问词的区别。 ①疑问词 + ever 可引导名词性从句,在主从句中要充当一定的部分。如: Whoever breaks the rule must be punished. You can choose whatever you like in the shop. ②疑问词 + ever 还可引导让步状语从句。如: Whoever breaks the rule, he must be punished, Whatever you do, you must do it well. ③no matter + 疑问词只能引导让步状语从句。如: No matter what you do, you must do it well. No matter who breaks the rule, he must be punished.


赞助商链接

更多相关文章:
高考最困难考点系列汇总:名词性从句
高考最困难考点系列汇总:名词性从句 - 高三最困难考点系列(4)名词性从句 名词性从句 ★★★ ○○○ 【命题说明】名词性从句是高考命题中最难的考点之...
高考英语考点归纳(一)—定语、名词性从句
高考英语考点归纳(一)—定语、名词性从句 隐藏>> 考点归纳(一) A. 定语从句 1. 只能用 that 引导定语从句有哪些情况? 先行词前为 all, everything, nothing...
名词性从句考点
名词性从句考点解析 4页 免费 名词性从句考点归纳 2页 1下载券 名词性从句中...名词性从句考点一、连接词 what 与 that 的用法区别 引导主、宾、表语从句时,...
名词性从句知识点总结
名词性从句知识点总结_高二英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。名词性从句知识点总结名词性从句名词性从句相当于名词,可分别作主句的主语,表语,宾语和同位语.因此,名词性...
名词性从句复习
名词性从句考点归纳:考点 1:区别 that 与 what 考点 2:区别 what 与 which 考点 3:区别 what 与 how 考点 4:区别 whether 与 if 考点 5:区别 what,...
名词性从句 考点归纳)
名词性从句 考点归纳) 高考必备高考必备隐藏>> I.概念 概念 在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词性从句名词性从句的功能相当于名词词组,它在复 在句子中起名词作用...
名词性从句 整理定稿
___ 名词性从句考点归纳一、名词性从句的语序 (1) 名词性从句构成有两种: a. That + 陈述句 That light travels in straight lines is known to all. b. ...
名词性从句
名词性从句 - 高考名词性从句必考考点归纳 主语从句考点分析 (单句语法填空) 1. ___they are good at English is known to us al...
新高二 名词性从句考点归纳
新高二 名词性从句考点归纳 隐藏>> 新高二 英语练习二名词性从句 I 名词性从句的种类 1.When we will start is not clear. 2. She won’t believe that he...
名词性从句
名词性从句精讲 4页 免费 心理学必看书目 14页 免费 初中历史知识点总结 81页 免费如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心;如要提出功能问题或意见建议,请点击此...
更多相关标签:

All rights reserved Powered by 甜梦文库 9512.net

copyright ©right 2010-2021。
甜梦文库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com|网站地图