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九年级英语定语从句讲解与练习



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定语从句练习

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一、 定义:在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句; 被定语从句 所修饰的词叫做先行词。 如:1) The man who lives next to us is a policeman. 2) You must do everything that I do. 关系副词 where, when、why

引导定语从句的词:关系代词 that, which, who(宾格 who, 所有格 whose)

关系词的作用:1、引导定语从句 2、代替先行词 3、在定语从句中担当一个成分
单词作定语时通常放在它所修饰的词之前,作前置定语。短语和从句作定语时则放在所修饰的词之后,作后置定语。

二、关系代词引导的定语从句 1.who 指人,在从句中做主语 (1)The boys who are playing football are from Class One. 2. whom 指人,在定语从句中充当宾语,常可省略。 (1) Mr. Liu is the person (whom) you talked about.
注意:关系代词 whom 在口语和非正式语体中常用 who 代替,可省略。

(2)Yesterday I helped an old man who lost his way.

(2) The man who/whom you met just now is my friend. 3. which 指物,在定语从句中做主语或者宾语,做宾语时可省略 (1) Football is a game which is liked by most boys. ( which 在句子中做主语) (2) This is the pen (which) he bought yesterday. ( which 在句子中做宾语) 4. that 指人时,相当于 who 或者 whom;指物时,相当于 which。在宾语从句中做主语或者宾语,做宾语时可省略。 (1) The people that/who come to visit the city are all here. (在句子中做主语) (2) Where is the man that/whom I saw this morning? (在句子中做宾语) 5. whose 通常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语 (1) He has a friend whose father is a doctor. ★whose 指物时,常用以下结构来代替 ★The classroom whose door is broken will soon be repaired. =The classroom the door of which is broken will soon be repaired. ★Do you like the book whose color is yellow?=Do you like the book the color of which is yellow? 注:that 用法 (1) 不用 that 的情况 (a) 在引导非限定性定语从句时。 ( 错 )The tree, that is four hundred years old, Is very famous here. (b) 介词后不能用。 We depend on the land from which we get our food. We depend on the land that/which we get our food from. (2) 只能用 that 作为定语从句的关系代词的情况 (a) 在 there be 句型中,只用 that ,不用 which 。 (b) 在不定代词,如: anything, nothing, the one, all 等作先行词时,只用 that ,不用 which 。 (c) 先行词有 the only, the very, the same, the last, just 修饰时,只用 that 。 (d) 先行词为序数词、数词、形容词最高级时,只用 that, 不能用 which 。 . (e) 先行词既有人,又有物时。 (2) I lived in a house whose roof has fallen in.

(f) 先行词指物,在主句中作表语时. (g) 为了避免重复. (h) 先行词是 the way 或 the reason 时, that 可作关系副词,也可省略 (i) 主句的主语是疑问词 who /which 时 e.g. Is this the book that you borrowed in the library? 这是你在图书馆借的那本书吗?

Who that break the window should be punished . 谁打碎了窗户都要受到惩罚. All that is needed is a supply of oil. 所需的只是供油问题。 Finally, the thief handed everything that he had stolen to the police. 三、关系副词引导定语从句 关系副词 关系副词:在句中作状语 关系副词 = 介词 + 关系代词 那贼最终把偷的全部东西交给了警察。

why=for which where=in/ at/ on/ ... which (介词同先行词搭配) when=during/ on/ in/ ... which (介词同先行词搭配) 1. where 指地点,在定语从句中做地点状语用来表示地点的定语从句。 (1) Shanghai is the city where I was born. (2) The house where I lived ten y ears ago has been pulled down.

2. when 引导定语从句表示时间。在定语从句中做时间状语也可做连接词用 (1) I still remember the day when I first came to the school. (2) The time when we got together finally came.

[注]表示时间“time"一词的定语从句只用 when 引导,有时不用任何关系代词.

By the time you arrived in London, we had stayed there for two weeks. 你到达伦敦时,我们在那里已待了两个星期。 I still remember the first time I met her. 我仍然记得我第一次见到她。 Each time he goes to business trip, he brings a lot of living necessities, such as towels, soap, toothbrush etc。 3. why 指原因 在定语从句中做原因状语 (1) Please tell me the reason why you missed the plane. (2) I don’t know the reason why he looks unhappy today.
注意:关系副词引导的从句可以由“介词+关系代词”引导的从句替换

(1) The reason why/ for which he refused the invitation is not clear, (2) From the year when/in which he was going to school he began to know what he wanted when he grew up. 注:1)介词后面的关系代词不能省略。 2)that 前不能有介词。 3) 某些在从句中充当时间,地点或原因状语的"介词+关系词"结构可以同关系副词 when ,where 和 why 互换。 This is the house in which I lived two years ago. =This is the house where I lived two years ago. Do you remember the day on which you joined our club? =Do you remember the day when you joined our club? This is the reason why he came late. =This is the reason for which he came late.

定语从句练习题 一、请划出定语从句,并标出先行词) 1. Check the ways you study for an English test. 2. Another thing that I found very difficult was English grammar.

3. You couldn’t understand people who talked fast. 4. I have some ideas that may help. 5. They said something you didn’t like. 6. Can you think of any problems you have had recently? 9. My friends and I talked about the rules that we have in school.

8. He would always take pride in everything good I do.

10. What are some of the rules that a teenager should obey? 12. If you know anyone else who collects them, please tell me. 13. Standing very close to the person you are talking with is quite common in some countries. 14. If you know someone you know doing this, you can ask them. 二、用关系代词填空:that 、which 、who、 whom 、whose 1. This is the man ________ wants to see you. 3. The man __________ you went to see has come. 2. The student ___________ answered the question is Zhang Hua. 4. The man ___________I met yesterday lent me some money. 6. The runner ___________ you are asking about is over there. 8. The man ________was passing by saw what happened. 10. These books _________ you lent me were very useful. 12. A clock is a machine ______ tells people the time. 15. All I ever wanted to do was traveling.

5. The woman __________ you saw is our geography teacher. 7. The person ________you should write to is Mr. Ball. 9. Here is the pen _______ you lost the day before yesterday.

11. The storybook _______ I have just read cannot be easily forgotten. 13. This is shirt ______I bought yesterday.

14. A dictionary is a book _______ gives the meaning to the word. 16. The film ________ they are talking about is very interesting. 18. Is there anyone ______ family is in Beijing?

15. The book _________ is on the table is mine.

17. I will never forget the people and the places _____ I have ever visited. 19. Show me the boy _________ mother is a well-known singer. 三、单项选择 ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (

20. The boy_____ father is a teacher is good at English.

) 1. Your teacher of Chinese is a young lady____ comes from Beijing. A. who B. which C. whom D. whose ) 2. What’s the name of the program________. A. which are listening B. you are listening to C. to that you are listening D. that you are listening ) 3. The students were all interested ____ you told them yesterday. A. in which B. in that this C. all that D. in everything ) 4. He was the only person in his office______ was invited. A. whom B. whose C. that D. which ) 5. This is the museum______ we visited last year. A. where B. in which C. which D. in that ) 6. Charlie told his mother all____ had happened. A. that B. what C. which D. who ) 7. Do you know the student_____? A. whom I often talk B. with who I often talk C. I often talk with D. that I often talk ) 8. I like the house_____ windows face south. A. whose B. who’s C. it's D. its ) 9. Would you tell me where to get the dictionary _____? A. what I need B.I need C. which I need it D. that I need it )10. The young woman_____ I spoke just now is a young doctor. A. who B. to whom C. whom D. that

练习答案: 一、注:(划了线的是定语从句) 方框里的词是先行词 1. Check the ways you study for an English test. ( 2. Another thing that I found very difficult was English grammar. 3. You couldn’t understand people who talked fast. 4. I have some ideas that may help. 5. They said something you didn’t like. 6. Can you think of any problems you have had recently? 8. He would always take pride in everything good I do. 9. My friends and I talked about the rules that we have in school. 10. What are some of the rules that a teenager should obey? 12. If you know anyone else who collects them, please tell me. 13. Standing very close to the person you are talking with is quite common in some countries. 14. If you know someone you know doing this, you can ask them. 15. All I ever wanted to do was traveling. 二、用关系代词填空:that 、which 、who、 whom 、whose 1. This is the man __that \who ______ wants to see you. 2. The student ____ that \who _______ answered the question is Zhang Hua. 3. The man _____ that \who _____ you went to see has come. 4. The man _____ that \who _\whom_____I met yesterday lent me some money. 5. The woman ______ that \who \whom_________ you saw is our geography teacher. 6. The runner _______ that \who \whom_________ you are asking about is over there. 7. The person _____ that \who \whom_________ you should write to is Mr. Ball. 8. The man _____ that \who ______was passing by saw what happened. 9. Here is the pen ___that \which______ you lost the day before yesterday. 10. These books ____that \which_________ you lent me were very useful. 11. The storybook _______ that \which______ I have just read cannot be easily forgotten. 12. A clock is a machine ____ that \which___ tells people the time. 13. This is shirt _______ that \which_________I bought yesterday. 14. A dictionary is a book ___ that \which___________ gives the meaning to the word. 15. The book _____ that \which________ is on the table is mine. 16. The film _______ that \which______ they are talking about is very interesting. 17. I will never forget the people and the places __that___ I have ever visited. 18. Is there anyone ______whose______ family is in Beijing? 19. Show me the boy _____whose_________ mother is a well-known singer. 20. The boy____whose__ father is a teacher is good at English. 三选择 1-5 ADACC

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ACABB



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