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新中国六十五年数据表



1978

1980

1949-2014

?2!!??????????? Basic Condition and Natural Resources
?!!!!? ?? !!????!!!!!!!)???????* !!????!!!!!!!)???????* !!?????)!!!!!!!!!!!????* !!!!?????????? !!!!?????????? ?? !!?????????)????>211* !!!!??????!!!!!)???=??2/1* !!!!???????)???>??2/1.2/6* !!!!???????)???>??2/6.3/1* !!!!??????!!!!!)??????3/1* ??????!!!)??????????* !$ ?????? !!?????? !!?????? ???? !!!????!!!!!!!!!!)???* !!!?????!!!!!!!!!!!!!)&* !!!???????!!)??????* !!!?????!!!!!!)??????* ???? !!?????!!!!!!!)??????* !!!!???????? !!!!???????? !!???????!!!!!)???* !!???????!!!!!)???* !!???????!!!!!)???* !!!$?????!!!!!!!)???* ?????????? !!??!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!)??*?? !!???!!!!!!!!!!!)??????* !!??!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!)??*?? !!??!!!!!!!!!!!)?????*?? !!??!!!!!!!!!!!)?????*?? !!??!!!!!!!!!!!)?????*?? !!???)!!!!!!!!!!!??????*?? !!?????!!!!!)?????*?? Item Territory Area of Territory (10 000 sq.km) Area of Sea (10 000 sq.km) Length of Coastline (k m) Mainland Shore Island Shore Climate Percentage of Climatic Zones to Total Area of Territory Humid Zone (aridity<1.0) Semi-Humid Zone (aridity 1.0-1.5) Semi-Arid Zone (aridity 1.5-2.0) Arid Zone (aridity>2.0) Land Characteristics by Use (10 000 hectares) Cultivated Land Water Area in Land Area of Grassland Forest Resources Forest Area (10 000 hectares) Forest-coverage Rate (% ) Total Standing Stock Volume (10 000 cu.m) Stock Volume of the Forest (10 000 cu.m) Water Resources Total Water Resources Volume (100 million cu.m) Surface Water Volume Ground Water Volume Hydropower Resources (100 million kw) Inland Water Area (10 000 hectares) Cultivatable Area in Marine Areas (10 000 hectares) Cultivated Area (10 000 hectares ) Major Mineral Basic Reserves Petroleum (10 000 tons) Natural Gas (100 million cu.m) Coal (100 m illion tons) Iron (Ore, 100 million tons) Manganese (Ore, 10 000 tons) Chromite (Ore, 10 000 tons) Vanadium (Ore, 10 000 tons) Titanium (Ore,10000 tons) 3124

960 473 32000 18000 14000

32 15 22 31 12172 1747 40000 20769 21.63 1643281 1513730 27958 26839 8081 6.76 1747 260 109 336732.81 46428.84 2362.90 199.17 21547.74 401.47 909.91 21957.03

165

?ǖ2/??????????????????????311:.3124????????????2::2??????????2:99???????? !!!!!2:96?????!!!! !!!!3/????????????????????????????????????????? !!!!4/????????????????????-????????????????????????? a) Figures on area of cultivated land come from Ministry of Land and Resources.Figures on forest resource were taken from the 2009-2013's Forest Census.Figures on area of grassland was the figure of 1991's survey.Figures on water area were taken from 1988's survey.Water resources were the estimated figures in 1985. b) Total amount of water resources is equal to surface water plus ground water and minus the repeat-calculated part between them. c) Data in this table except Area of Terrritory and Area of Sea don't include that of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province.

6 5
????ǖ? ???? Year 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?3!!??????!)?????* Divisions of Administrative Areas in China (at Year-end)
(unit) ?!!? ??? Number of Regions at Province Level 50 53 53 45 47 32 29 29 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 ?!!??? ??? Number of Regions at Prefecture Level 295 282 283 259 265 284 288 287 287 236 242 244 262 268 268 272 287 294 293 291 289 291 292 294 296 300 310 311 311 340 313 316 318
$

?????

Cities at Prefecture Level 56 64 69 67 75 82 83 88 92 68 75 88 80 81 78 75 76 79 79 79 80 79 82 82 83 87 96 96 97 99 104 107 110

?!!? ??? Number of Regions at County Level 2741 2668 2765 2762 2786 2813 2649 2676 2664 2278 2153 2099 2403 2533 2524 2536 2550 2559 2561 2544 2567 2582 2594 2604 2589 2599 2617 2629 2639 2637 2766 2761 2830

??? Districts under the Jurisdiction of Cities 394 331 414 432 474 471 421 336 336 271 274 296 312 322 321 310 288 291 308 308 331 342 349 358 360 372 380 388 396 408 520 511 581

??? Cities at County Level 61 66 78 74 74 80 78 86 81 114 102 109 126 111 97 90 90 90 90 90 93 95 96 97 95 91 86 89 90 91 109 113 113

?)?* County (Qi) 2286 2271 2273 2256 2238 2262 2150 2254 2247 1893 1777 1694 1965 2100 2106 2136 2172 2178 2163 2146 2143 2145 2149 2149 2134 2136 2151 2152 2153 2138 2137 2137 2136

166

1978

1980

1949-2014

?3!!??!!dpoujovfe
????ǖ? ???? Year ?!!? ??? Number of Regions at Province Level 30 30 30 30 30 30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 33 33 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 ?!!??? ??? Number of Regions at Prefecture Level 319 320 323 327 325 326 334 336 336 338 339 335 333 334 335 332 331 331 333 332 332 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 332 333 333
$

(unit) ????? ?!!? ??? Number of Regions at County Level 2793 2835 2813 2825 2830 2817 2831 2829 2833 2833 2833 2835 2845 2849 2858 2862 2863 2858 2861 2861 2860 2861 2862 2862 2860 2859 2859 2858 2856 2853 2852 2853 ??? Districts under the Jurisdiction of Cities 527 599 595 620 629 623 647 648 651 650 662 669 697 706 717 727 737 749 787 808 830 845 852 852 856 856 856 855 853 857 860 872 ??? Cities at County Level 133 141 149 159 184 208 248 262 279 289 323 371 413 427 445 442 437 427 400 393 381 374 374 374 369 368 368 367 370 369 368 368 ?)?* County (Qi) 2133 2095 2069 2046 2017 1986 1936 1919 1903 1894 1848 1795 1735 1716 1696 1693 1689 1682 1674 1660 1649 1642 1636 1636 1635 1635 1635 1636 1633 1627 1624 1613

Cities at Prefecture Level 109 137 148 162 166 170 183 185 185 187 191 196 206 210 218 222 227 236 259 265 275 282 283 283 283 283 283 283 283 284 285 286

2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

167

6 5
???? Year 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?4!!?????? Population
??????????????????????????????? Data in this table exclude the population of Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR and Taiwan Province. ??????? )??* Total Population (year-end) (10 000 persons) 54167 55196 56300 57482 58796 60266 61465 62828 64653 65994 67207 66207 65859 67295 69172 70499 72538 74542 76368 78534 80671 82992 85229 87177 89211 90859 92420 93717 94974 96259 97542 98705 100072 101654 103008 104357 105851 ?????)!???* By Sex (10 000 persons) ? ? Male Female 28145 28669 29231 29833 30468 31242 31809 32536 33469 34195 34890 34283 33880 34517 35533 36142 37128 38189 39115 40226 41289 42686 43819 44813 45876 46727 47564 48257 48908 49567 50192 50785 51519 52352 53152 53848 54725 26022 26527 27069 27649 28328 29024 29656 30292 31184 31799 32317 31924 31979 32778 33639 34357 35410 36353 37253 38308 39382 40306 41410 42364 43335 44132 44856 45460 46066 46692 47350 47920 48553 49302 49856 50509 51126 ???????)!???* By Residence (10 000 persons) ???? ?? Urban Rural 5765 6169 6632 7163 7826 8249 8285 9185 9949 10721 12371 13073 12707 11659 11646 12950 13045 13313 13548 13838 14117 14424 14711 14935 15345 15595 16030 16341 16669 17245 18495 19140 20171 21480 22274 24017 25094 48402 49027 49668 50319 50970 52017 53180 53643 54704 55273 54836 53134 53152 55636 57526 57549 59493 61229 62820 64696 66554 68568 70518 72242 73866 75264 76390 77376 78305 79014 79047 79565 79901 80174 80734 80340 80757 ?? ????? (‰) Birth Rate (‰) 36.00 37.00 37.80 37.00 37.00 37.97 32.60 31.90 34.03 29.22 24.78 20.86 18.13 37.22 43.60 39.34 38.06 35.21 34.12 35.75 34.25 33.59 30.74 29.92 28.07 24.95 23.13 20.01 19.03 18.25 17.82 18.21 20.91 22.28 20.19 19.90 21.04 ?? ??? (‰) Death Rate (‰) 20.00 18.00 17.80 17.00 14.00 13.18 12.28 11.40 10.80 11.98 14.59 25.43 14.33 10.08 10.10 11.56 9.55 8.87 8.47 8.25 8.06 7.64 7.34 7.65 7.08 7.38 7.36 7.29 6.91 6.25 6.21 6.34 6.36 6.60 6.90 6.82 6.78 ?? ??????? (‰) Natural Growth Rate (‰) 16.00 19.00 20.00 20.00 23.00 24.79 20.32 20.50 23.23 17.24 10.19 -4.57 3.80 27.14 33.50 27.78 28.51 26.34 25.65 27.50 26.19 25.95 23.40 22.27 20.99 17.57 15.77 12.72 12.12 12.00 11.61 11.87 14.55 15.68 13.29 13.08 14.26

168

1978

1980

1949-2014

?4!!??!!dpoujovfe
??????? )??* Total Population (year-end) (10 000 persons) 107507 109300 111026 112704 114333 115823 117171 118517 119850 121121 122389 123626 124761 125786 126743 127627 128453 129227 129988 130756 131448 132129 132802 133450 134091 134735 135404 136072 ?????)!???* By Sex (10 000 persons) ? ? Male Female 55581 56290 57201 58099 58904 59466 59811 60472 61246 61808 62200 63131 63940 64692 65437 65672 66115 66556 66976 67375 67728 68048 68357 68647 68748 69068 69395 69728 51926 53010 53825 54605 55429 56357 57360 58045 58604 59313 60189 60495 60821 61094 61306 61955 62338 62671 63012 63381 63720 64081 64445 64803 65343 65667 66009 66344 ???????)!???* By Residence (10 000 persons) ???? ?? Urban Rural 26366 27674 28661 29540 30195 31203 32175 33173 34169 35174 37304 39449 41608 43748 45906 48064 50212 52376 54283 56212 58288 60633 62403 64512 66978 69079 71182 73111 81141 81626 82365 83164 84138 84620 84996 85344 85681 85947 85085 84177 83153 82038 80837 79563 78241 76851 75705 74544 73160 71496 70399 68938 67113 65656 64222 62961 ?? ????? (‰) Birth Rate (‰) 22.43 23.33 22.37 21.58 21.06 19.68 18.24 18.09 17.70 17.12 16.98 16.57 15.64 14.64 14.03 13.38 12.86 12.41 12.29 12.40 12.09 12.10 12.14 11.95 11.90 11.93 12.10 12.08 ?? ??? (‰) Death Rate (‰) 6.86 6.72 6.64 6.54 6.67 6.70 6.64 6.64 6.49 6.57 6.56 6.51 6.50 6.46 6.45 6.43 6.41 6.40 6.42 6.51 6.81 6.93 7.06 7.08 7.11 7.14 7.15 7.16 ?? ??????? (‰) Natural Growth Rate (‰) 15.57 16.61 15.73 15.04 14.39 12.98 11.60 11.45 11.21 10.55 10.42 10.06 9.14 8.18 7.58 6.95 6.45 6.01 5.87 5.89 5.28 5.17 5.08 4.87 4.79 4.79 4.95 4.92

???? Year

2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

169

?ǖ2/2:92?????????????2:93??2::1??3111??3121??????????????????2:98??2::6??3116?? !!!!!?????2&???????????????????????????????????? !!!!3/????????????????????????????????????????????????????? a) Data in 1981 and before were taken from the statistics of household registration. Data in 1982,1990,2000 and 2010 were from national population census. Data in 1987, 1995 and 2005 were estimated on the National 1% Population Sample Survey, and were estimated on the National Sample Survey on Population Changes in other years. b) Total population and population by sex include the military personnel of Chinese People's Liberation Army, the military personnel are classified as urban population in the item of population by residence.

6 5
????ǖ?? ??? )??* ???? Year 2:64 2:75 2:93 2:98 2::1 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2:::

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?5!!???????????? Age Composition and Dependency Ratio of Population
(10 000 persons) ?????? (%)

?!!? ?!!? ????? ????? Total Gross Children Old ??)&* ??? ??)&* ??? ??)&* Dependency Dependency Dependency Population ??? (year-end) Population Proportion Population Proportion Population Proportion Ratio Ratio Ratio 1.25? Aged 0-14 26.75? Aged 15-64 76???? Aged 65 and Over 58796 70499 101654 109300 114333 121121 122389 123626 124761 125786 126743 127627 128453 129227 129988 130756 131448 132129 132802 133450 134091 134735 135404 136072 21331 28686 34146 31347 31659 32218 32311 32093 32064 31950 29012 28716 28774 28559 27947 26504 25961 25660 25166 24659 22259 22164 22287 22329 36.3 40.7 33.6 28.7 27.7 26.6 26.4 26.0 25.7 25.4 22.9 22.5 22.4 22.1 21.5 20.3 19.8 19.4 19.0 18.5 16.6 16.5 16.5 16.4 34872 39303 62517 71985 76306 81393 82245 83448 84338 85157 88910 89849 90302 90976 92184 94197 95068 95833 96680 97484 99938 100283 100403 100582 59.3 55.8 61.5 65.9 66.7 67.2 67.2 67.5 67.6 67.7 70.1 70.4 70.3 70.4 70.9 72.0 72.3 72.5 72.7 73.0 74.5 74.4 74.1 73.9 2593 2510 4991 5968 6368 7510 7833 8085 8359 8679 8821 9062 9377 9692 9857 10055 10419 10636 10956 11307 11894 12288 12714 13161 4.4 3.6 4.9 5.4 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.5 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.3 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.5 8.9 9.1 9.4 9.7 68.6 79.4 62.6 51.8 49.8 48.8 48.8 48.1 47.9 47.7 42.6 42.0 42.2 42.0 41.0 38.8 38.3 37.9 37.4 36.9 34.2 34.4 34.9 35.3 61.2 73.0 54.6 43.5 41.5 39.6 39.3 38.5 38.0 37.5 32.6 32.0 31.9 31.4 30.3 28.1 27.3 26.8 26.0 25.3 22.3 22.1 22.2 22.2 7.4 6.4 8.0 8.3 8.3 9.2 9.5 9.7 9.9 10.2 9.9 10.1 10.4 10.7 10.7 10.7 11.0 11.1 11.3 11.6 11.9 12.3 12.7 13.1

170

3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

?ǖ????????3125????????2:92?????????????2:93??2::1??3111??3121????????????? !!!!?????3112.3115??3117.311:??3122.3124????????????????????2:98??2::6??3116??????? !!!!2&??????????? a) Data come from China Statistical Yearbook-2014, before 1981 were from the statistics of household registrationin. Data in 1982, 1990, 2000 and 2010 were estimates of National Population Census, Data in 2001-2004, 2006-2009 and 2011-2013 have been estimated on the basis of the annual national sample surveys on population changes. Data in 1987, 1995 and 2005 are estimated on the National 1% Population Sample Survey.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?6!!??????????????????? Employment and Unemployment
????ǖ?? ???? ???? Year Total Number of Employed Persons 20729 21364 21832 22328 23018 23771 26600 26173 25880 25590 25910 26640 27736 28670 29805 30814 31915 33225 34432 35620 35854 36652 37369 38168 38834 39377 40152 41024 42361 43725 45295 46436 48197 49873 ???????? By Residence ???? ?? Urban Area 2486 2754 2744 2802 2993 3205 5300 5389 6119 5336 4537 4603 4828 5136 5354 5446 5630 5825 6312 6868 7200 7388 7687 8222 8692 9127 9514 9999 10525 11053 11428 11746 12229 12808 Rural Area 18243 18610 19088 19526 20025 20566 21300 20784 19761 20254 21373 22037 22908 23534 24451 25368 26285 27400 28120 28752 28654 29264 29682 29946 30142 30250 30638 31025 31836 32672 33867 34690 35968 37065 ???????? By Three Industries ?????? ?????? ?????? Primary Industry 17317 17747 18151 18592 18544 19309 15490 16271 17016 19747 21276 21966 22801 23396 24297 25165 26063 27117 27811 28397 28283 28857 29218 29456 29443 29340 28318 28634 29122 29777 30859 31151 30868 31130 Secondary Industry 1531 1715 1882 1913 2468 2142 7076 5402 4112 2856 2059 2038 2183 2408 2600 2661 2743 3030 3518 3990 4276 4492 4712 5152 5611 5831 6945 7214 7707 8003 8346 8679 9590 10384 Tertiary Industry 1881 1902 1799 1823 2006 2320 4034 4500 4752 2987 2575 2636 2752 2866 2908 2988 3109 3078 3103 3233 3295 3303 3439 3560 3780 4206 4890 5177 5532 5945 6090 6606 7739 8359 530.0 567.6 541.5 439.5 379.4 271.4 235.7 238.5 5.3 5.4 4.9 3.8 3.2 2.3 1.9 1.8 ???????? ???? (10 000 persons) ???????? ???)&*

Urban Unemployment Registered Rate Unemployment (%)

2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96

171

6 5
????ǖ?? ???? Year 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?6!!??!!dpoujovfe
(10 000 persons) ???????? By Residence ???? Urban Area 13292 13783 14267 14390 17041 17465 17861 18262 18653 19040 19922 20781 21616 22412 23151 24123 25159 26230 27293 28389 29630 30953 32103 33322 34687 35914 37102 38240 ?? Rural Area 37990 39000 40067 40939 47708 48026 48291 48546 48802 49025 49028 49039 49021 48982 48934 48674 48121 47506 46971 46258 45348 44368 43461 42506 41418 40506 39602 38737 ?????? Primary Industry 31254 31663 32249 33225 38914 39098 38699 37680 36628 35530 34820 34840 35177 35768 36043 36399 36640 36204 34830 33442 31941 30731 29923 28890 27931 26594 25773 24171 ???????? By Three Industries ?????? Secondary Industry 11216 11726 12152 11976 13856 14015 14355 14965 15312 15655 16203 16547 16600 16421 16219 16234 15682 15927 16709 17766 18894 20186 20553 21080 21842 22544 23241 23170 ?????? Tertiary Industry 8811 9395 9933 10129 11979 12378 13098 14163 15515 16880 17927 18432 18860 19205 19823 20165 20958 21605 22725 23439 24143 24404 25087 25857 26332 27282 27690 29636 ???????? ???? ???????? ???)&*

???? Total Number of Employed Persons 51282 52783 54334 55329 64749 65491 66152 66808 67455 68065 68950 69820 70637 71394 72085 72797 73280 73736 74264 74647 74978 75321 75564 75828 76105 76420 76704 76977

Urban Unemployment Registered Rate Unemployment (%) 264.4 276.6 296.2 377.9 383.2 352.2 363.9 420.1 476.4 519.6 552.8 576.8 571.0 575.0 595.0 681.0 770.0 800.0 827.0 839.0 847.0 830.0 886.0 921.0 908.0 922.0 917.0 926.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.6 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.05

172

2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

?ǖ2/??????2::1??????????????????????????3112???????????????????????)???*? !!!!3/????????????????????????????? a) From 1990 to 2000, the total number of employed persons were estimated according to Labour Force Survey and Population Census, since 2001, were revised according to the 6th National Population Census. The same applies to the following tables. b) Figures of urban registered unemployment in this table are provided by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?7!!???????????????????? Number of Staff and Workers and Average Wage
?????!)??* Number of Employees (10 000 persons) ?!? ?!!? ?????? ?!!? Total StateUrban Other owned Collective -owned 1603 1856 2002 2162 2977 3101 5194 5275 5969 5171 4321 4372 4601 4965 5198 5305 5504 5714 6216 6787 7134 7337 7651 8198 8673 9112 9499 9967 10444 10940 11281 11515 11890 12358 12809 1580 1826 1881 1908 2423 2451 4532 4561 5044 4171 3309 3293 3465 3738 3934 4006 4170 4335 4792 5318 5610 5758 6007 6426 6860 7196 7451 7693 8019 8372 8630 8771 8637 8990 9333 23 30 121 254 554 650 662 714 925 1000 1012 1079 1136 1227 1264 1299 1334 1379 1424 1469 1524 1579 1644 1772 1813 1916 2048 2274 2425 2568 2651 2744 3216 3324 3421 37 44 55 ??????!)?* Average Money Wage (yuan) ?!? ?!!? ?????? ?!!? Total StateUrban Other owned Collective -owned 445 495 517 527 601 624 536 512 511 510 551 576 586 590 583 587 577 575 561 560 588 587 584 580 575 576 615 668 762 772 798 826 974 1148 1329 446 496 519 534 610 637 550 524 528 537 592 641 661 652 636 630 621 618 609 597 622 614 622 613 605 602 644 705 803 812 836 865 1034 1213 1414 348 415 464 453 547 571 470 430 409 380 405 371 358 398 423 455 441 439 405 429 465 489 441 453 464 478 506 542 623 642 671 698 811 967 1092 1048 1436 1629 106.0 106.6 106.1 98.8 101.3 101.5 114.8 105.3 108.2 106.2 107.4 106.0 98.7 100.9 101.4 116.4 104.8 108.9 105.1 105.1 106.9 100.5 102.5 102.0 113.1 106.6 105.5 122.5 106.0 ????????!)??>211* Average Real Wage Indices (preceding year=100) ?!? ?!!? ?????? ?!!? Total StateUrban Other owned Collective -owned

???? Year

2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97

173

6 5
???? Year 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?7!!??!!dpoujovfe
?????!)??* Number of Employees (10 000 persons) ?!? ?!!? ?????? ?!!? Total StateUrban Other owned Collective -owned 13214 13608 13742 14059 14508 14792 14849 14849 15301 15221 15036 12696 12130 11612 11166 10985 10970 11099 11404 11713 12024 12193 12573 13052 14413 15236 18108 9654 9984 10108 10346 10664 10889 10920 10890 11261 11244 11044 9058 8572 8102 7640 7163 6876 6710 6488 6430 6424 6447 6420 6516 6704 6839 6365 3488 3527 3502 3549 3628 3621 3393 3211 3147 3016 2883 1963 1712 1499 1291 1122 1000 897 810 764 718 662 618 597 603 590 566 72 97 132 164 216 282 536 747 894 962 1109 1675 1846 2011 2235 2700 3094 3492 4106 4519 4882 5084 5535 5938 7106 7808 11177 ??????!)?* Average Money Wage (yuan) ?!? ?!!? ?????? ?!!? Total StateUrban Other owned Collective -owned 1459 1747 1935 2140 2340 2711 3371 4538 5348 5980 6444 7446 8319 9333 10834 12373 13969 15920 18200 20856 24721 28898 32244 36539 41799 46769 51483 1546 1853 2055 2284 2477 2878 3532 4797 5553 6207 6679 7579 8443 9441 11045 12701 14358 16445 18978 21706 26100 30287 34130 38359 43483 48357 52657 1207 1426 1557 1681 1866 2109 2592 3245 3934 4312 4516 5314 5758 6241 6851 7636 8627 9723 11176 12866 15444 18103 20607 24010 28791 33784 38905 1879 2382 2707 2987 3468 3966 4966 6303 7728 8521 9092 9241 10142 11238 12437 13486 14843 16519 18362 21004 24271 28552 31350 35801 41323 46360 51453 ????????!)??>211* Average Real Wage Indices (preceding year=100) ?!? ?!!? ?????? ?!!? Total StateUrban Other owned Collective -owned 100.9 99.2 95.2 109.2 104.0 106.7 107.1 107.7 101.8 102.8 104.5 116.2 113.2 111.3 115.3 115.4 111.9 110.3 112.5 112.9 113.4 110.7 112.6 109.8 108.6 109.0 107.3 100.5 99.3 95.4 109.7 103.2 107.0 105.7 108.7 100.4 102.7 104.4 114.2 112.9 110.9 116.2 116.2 112.0 110.9 113.6 112.7 115.0 109.8 113.7 108.9 107.7 108.3 106.1 101.6 97.9 93.9 106.6 105.6 104.1 105.9 100.2 103.7 100.7 101.6 118.4 109.8 107.5 109.0 112.6 112.0 109.1 113.1 113.4 114.8 111.0 114.8 112.9 113.9 114.3 112.3 106.0 105.0 97.7 108.9 110.5 105.3 107.9 101.5 102.6 101.3 103.5 102.3 111.2 109.9 109.9 109.5 109.1 107.7 109.4 112.7 110.6 111.4 110.8 110.7 109.6 109.2 108.2

174

2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

?ǖ2/????????????? !!!!3/2::5????????????????? !!!!4/3124?????????????????????????????????????????????????????? a) Data in this table do not include private enterprises. b) Data before 1994 were data of staff and workers and average wages. c) Number of employees in 2013 changes relatively greatly, because legal persons above designated size which originally belonged to township and village enterprises were included in labor and wages statistics.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?8!!?????? Gross Domestic Product
???????????? Data in this table are calculated at current prices.

????ǖ?? ?!!? ???? ??? ?!!!!? ?????? ?????? ???? Year

(100 million yuan) ???? ?????? ???? $ ?!!? ??? ????? $?????? )?0?* ???????? Gross Gross Wholesale PerNational Domestic Primary Secondary Industry Construc- Tertiary Transport, and Capita Income Product Industry Industry tion Industry Storage and Post Retail Trade GDP (yuan/person) 679.0 824.2 859.4 910.8 1029.0 1069.3 1308.2 1440.4 1457.5 1220.9 1151.2 1236.4 1455.5 1717.2 1873.1 1780.3 1730.2 1945.8 2261.3 2435.3 2530.2 2733.4 2803.7 3013.1 2961.5 3221.1 3645.2 4062.6 4545.6 4889.5 5330.5 5985.6 7243.8 679.0 824.2 859.4 910.8 1029.0 1069.3 1308.2 1440.4 1457.5 1220.9 1151.2 1236.4 1455.5 1717.2 1873.1 1780.3 1730.2 1945.8 2261.3 2435.3 2530.2 2733.4 2803.7 3013.1 2961.5 3221.1 3645.2 4062.6 4545.6 4891.6 5323.4 5962.7 7208.1 346.0 381.4 395.5 424.8 447.9 433.9 449.9 387.2 343.8 445.1 457.2 502.0 564.0 656.9 708.5 720.6 732.8 742.8 800.4 833.7 834.8 915.6 953.7 979.8 975.7 950.6 1027.5 1270.2 1371.6 1559.5 1777.4 1978.4 2316.1 141.8 192.5 211.7 222.2 280.7 317.0 483.5 615.5 648.2 388.9 359.3 407.6 513.5 602.2 709.5 602.8 537.3 689.1 912.2 1022.8 1084.2 1173.0 1192.0 1370.5 1337.2 1509.1 1745.2 1913.5 2192.0 2255.5 2383.0 2646.2 3105.7 119.8 163.5 184.7 191.2 224.7 271.0 414.5 538.5 568.2 362.1 325.4 365.6 461.1 546.5 648.6 544.9 490.3 626.1 828.1 926.6 989.9 1072.5 1083.6 1244.9 1204.6 1372.4 1607.0 1769.7 1996.5 2048.4 2162.3 2375.6 2789.0 22.0 29.0 27.0 31.0 56.0 46.0 69.0 77.0 80.0 26.8 33.9 42.0 52.4 55.7 60.9 57.9 47.0 63.0 84.1 96.2 94.3 100.5 108.4 125.6 132.6 136.7 138.2 143.8 195.5 207.1 220.7 270.6 316.7 191.2 250.3 252.2 263.8 300.4 318.4 374.8 437.6 465.5 387.0 334.8 326.8 378.0 458.1 455.1 456.9 460.0 513.9 548.7 578.7 611.2 644.7 658.1 662.8 648.6 761.4 872.5 878.9 982.0 1076.6 1163.0 1338.1 1786.3 29.0 35.0 38.0 39.0 46.0 49.0 71.0 94.0 104.0 69.2 57.4 55.0 58.4 77.4 85.1 72.3 70.5 84.9 100.2 108.4 122.9 131.0 132.2 148.3 147.1 165.2 182.0 193.7 213.4 220.7 246.9 274.9 338.5 70.1 102.4 106.6 104.9 115.3 116.1 120.9 129.3 120.3 96.4 67.6 64.5 81.7 104.6 132.1 138.6 126.1 149.0 162.8 162.5 176.6 192.0 188.2 160.2 134.4 195.1 242.3 200.9 193.8 231.1 171.4 198.7 363.5 119 142 144 150 166 168 200 216 218 185 173 181 208 240 255 236 223 244 276 290 294 310 311 329 318 341 381 419 463 492 528 583 695

2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95

175

6 5
Year 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 9040.7 10274.4 12050.6 15036.8 17000.9 18718.3 21826.2 26937.3 35260.0 48108.5 59810.5 70142.5 78060.9 83024.3 88479.2 98000.5

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?8!!??!!dpoujovfe
????ǖ?? ?!!? ???? ??? ?!!!!? ?????? ?????? ???? (100 million yuan) ???? ?????? ???? $ ?!!? ??? ????? $?????? )?0?* ???????? Gross Gross Wholesale PerNational Domestic Primary Secondary Industry Construc- Tertiary Transport, and Capita Income Product Industry Industry tion Industry Storage and Post Retail Trade GDP (yuan/person) 9016.0 10275.2 12058.6 15042.8 16992.3 18667.8 21781.5 26923.5 35333.9 48197.9 60793.7 71176.6 78973.0 84402.3 89677.1 99214.6 2564.4 2788.7 3233.0 3865.4 4265.9 5062.0 5342.2 5866.6 6963.8 9572.7 12135.8 14015.4 14441.9 14817.6 14770.0 14944.7 15781.3 16537.0 17381.7 21412.7 22420.0 3866.6 4492.7 5251.6 6587.2 7278.0 7717.4 9102.2 11699.5 16454.4 22445.4 28679.5 33835.0 37543.0 39004.2 41033.6 45555.9 49512.3 53896.8 62436.3 73904.3 87598.1 3448.7 3967.0 4585.8 5777.2 6484.0 6858.0 8087.1 10284.5 14188.0 19480.7 24950.6 29447.6 32921.4 34018.4 35861.5 40033.6 43580.6 47431.3 54945.5 65210.0 77230.8 91310.9 417.9 525.7 665.8 810.0 794.0 859.4 1015.1 1415.0 2266.5 2964.7 3728.8 4387.4 4621.6 4985.8 5172.1 5522.3 5931.7 6465.5 7490.8 8694.3 10367.3 12408.6 2585.0 2993.8 3574.0 4590.3 5448.4 5888.4 7337.1 9357.4 11915.7 16179.8 19978.5 23326.2 26988.1 30580.5 33873.4 38714.0 44361.6 49898.9 56004.7 64561.3 74919.3 88554.9 421.7 498.8 568.3 685.7 812.7 1167.0 1420.3 1689.0 2174.0 2787.9 3244.3 3782.2 4148.6 4660.9 5175.2 6161.0 6870.3 7492.9 7913.2 9304.4 10666.2 12183.0 14601.0 16362.5 16727.1 19132.2 22432.8 24660.0 27282.9 802.4 852.6 1059.6 1483.4 1536.2 1268.9 1834.6 2405.0 2816.6 3773.4 4778.6 5599.7 6327.4 6913.2 7491.1 8158.6 9119.4 9995.4 11169.5 12453.8 13966.2 16530.7 20937.8 26182.3 28984.5 35746.1 43445.2 49394.4 55671.9 858 963 1112 1366 1519 1644 1893 2311 2998 4044 5046 5846 6420 6796 7159 7858 8622 9398 10542 12336 14185 16500 20169 23708 25608 30015 35198 38459 41908

176

2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

108068.2 109655.2 119095.7 120332.7 134977.0 135822.8 159453.6 159878.3 183617.4 184937.4 215904.4 216314.4 266422.0 265810.3 316030.3 314045.4 340320.0 340902.8 399759.5 401512.8 468562.4 473104.0 518214.7 519470.1 566130.2 568845.2

24040.0 103719.5

28627.0 125831.4 110534.9 33702.0 149003.4 130260.2 35226.0 157638.8 135239.9 40533.6 187383.2 160722.2 47486.2 220412.8 188470.2 52373.6 235162.0 199670.7 56957.0 249684.4 210689.4

15296.5 111351.9 18743.2 131340.0 22398.8 148038.0 26661.0 173596.0 31942.7 205205.0 35491.3 231934.5 38995.0 262203.8

?ǖ?????????????????????????? a) The difference between the Gross Domestic Product and the Gross National Income has been the net factor income from abroad.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?9!!?????????? Composition of Gross Domestic Product
???????????? Data in this table are calculated at current prices.

????ǖ& ???? ?!!!!? ???? Year ?????? ?????? ?!!? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? Tertiary Industry Transport, Storage and Post
$ $

(%)

?????? Wholesale and Retail Trade

Gross Domestic Product 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Primary Industry

Secondary Industry

Industry

Construction

2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93

51.0 46.3 46.0 46.6 43.5 40.6 34.4 26.9 23.6 36.5 39.7 40.6 38.7 38.3 37.8 40.5 42.4 38.2 35.4 34.2 33.0 33.5 34.0 32.5 32.9 29.5 28.2 31.3 30.2 31.9 33.4

20.9 23.4 24.6 24.4 27.3 29.6 37.0 42.7 44.5 31.9 31.2 33.0 35.3 35.1 37.9 33.9 31.1 35.4 40.3 42.0 42.8 42.9 42.5 45.5 45.2 46.9 47.9 47.1 48.2 46.1 44.8

17.6 19.8 21.5 21.0 21.8 25.3 31.7 37.4 39.0 29.7 28.3 29.6 31.7 31.8 34.6 30.6 28.3 32.2 36.6 38.0 39.1 39.2 38.6 41.3 40.7 42.6 44.1 43.6 43.9 41.9 40.6

3.2 3.5 3.1 3.4 5.4 4.3 5.3 5.3 5.5 2.2 2.9 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.3 2.7 3.2 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.2 3.8 3.5 4.3 4.2 4.1

28.2 30.4 29.3 29.0 29.2 29.8 28.7 30.4 31.9 31.7 29.1 26.4 26.0 26.7 24.3 25.7 26.6 26.4 24.3 23.8 24.2 23.6 23.5 22.0 21.9 23.6 23.9 21.6 21.6 22.0 21.8

4.3 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.6 5.4 6.5 7.1 5.7 5.0 4.4 4.0 4.5 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.6

10.3 12.4 12.4 11.5 11.2 10.9 9.2 9.0 8.3 7.9 5.9 5.2 5.6 6.1 7.1 7.8 7.3 7.7 7.2 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.7 5.3 4.5 6.1 6.6 4.9 4.3 4.7 3.2

177

6 5
????ǖ& ???? Year 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?9!!??!!dpoujovfe
(%) ???? ?!!!!? ?????? ?????? ?!!? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? Tertiary Industry Transport, Storage and Post
$ $

?????? Wholesale and Retail Trade

Gross Domestic Product 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Primary Industry

Secondary Industry

Industry

Construction

33.2 32.1 28.4 27.1 26.8 25.7 25.1 27.1 24.5 21.8 19.7 19.9 20.0 19.7 18.3 17.6 16.5 15.1 14.4 13.7 12.8 13.4 12.1 11.1 10.8 10.7 10.3 10.1 10.0 10.1 10.0

44.4 43.1 42.9 43.7 43.6 43.8 42.8 41.3 41.8 43.5 46.6 46.6 47.2 47.5 47.5 46.2 45.8 45.9 45.2 44.8 46.0 46.2 47.4 47.9 47.3 47.4 46.2 46.7 46.6 45.3 43.9

39.8 38.7 38.3 38.6 38.0 38.4 38.2 36.7 37.1 38.2 40.2 40.4 41.0 41.4 41.7 40.3 40.0 40.4 39.7 39.4 40.5 40.8 41.8 42.2 41.6 41.5 39.7 40.0 39.8 38.4 37.0

4.5 4.4 4.6 5.1 5.5 5.4 4.7 4.6 4.7 5.3 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.9

22.4 24.8 28.7 29.1 29.6 30.5 32.1 31.5 33.7 34.8 33.7 33.6 32.9 32.8 34.2 36.2 37.8 39.0 40.5 41.5 41.2 40.4 40.5 40.9 41.9 41.8 43.4 43.2 43.4 44.6 46.1

4.6 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.8 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.2 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.8

3.3 5.0 8.9 8.3 8.8 9.9 9.0 6.8 8.4 8.9 8.0 7.8 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.9 8.3 8.5 8.9 9.2 9.5 9.8

178

2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?:!!???????? Indices of Gross Domestic Product
?????????? Data in this table are calculated at constant prices.

)??>211* ?!!? ??? ???? Year Gross National Income 115.6 104.2 106.8 115.0 105.1 121.3 108.8 99.7 72.7 94.4 110.2 118.3 117.0 110.7 94.3 95.9 116.9 119.4 107.0 103.8 107.9 102.3 108.7 98.4 107.6 111.7 107.6 107.8 105.2 109.2 111.1 Gross Domestic Product 115.6 104.2 106.8 115.0 105.1 121.3 108.8 99.7 72.7 94.4 110.2 118.3 117.0 110.7 94.3 95.9 116.9 119.4 107.0 103.8 107.9 102.3 108.7 98.4 107.6 111.7 107.6 107.8 105.2 109.1 110.9 ???? ?!!!!? ?????? ?????? ?!!? ???

Primary Industry 101.9 101.7 107.9 104.7 103.1 100.4 84.1 83.6 101.4 104.5 111.3 112.9 109.7 107.2 101.9 98.4 100.8 107.7 101.9 99.1 109.0 104.1 102.0 98.2 97.8 104.1 106.1 98.5 107.0 111.5 108.3

Secondary Industry 135.8 115.7 107.6 134.5 108.0 152.9 125.8 105.6 57.9 89.2 114.5 125.6 124.2 122.4 85.7 90.8 133.1 134.8 112.3 106.7 108.3 101.4 115.8 97.5 113.3 115.0 108.2 113.6 101.9 105.6 110.4

Industry

Construction 136.4 96.7 113.8 170.0 92.9 150.0 105.7 101.4 34.6 123.8 125.9 125.6 110.6 109.4 95.0 81.1 134.5 130.4 112.1 97.9 103.4 106.2 113.8 104.3 101.7 99.4 102.0 126.7 103.2 103.4 117.1

(preceding year=100) ???? ?????? ???? $ ????? $??? ????? ??? ??? Wholesale PerTertiary Transport, and Capita Industry Storage Retail GDP and Post Trade 124.9 99.6 104.8 113.3 104.7 118.1 115.6 105.0 74.2 90.7 104.4 115.5 115.8 98.1 100.5 100.7 113.4 107.1 105.8 105.1 105.5 101.5 104.9 100.4 109.6 113.8 107.9 106.0 110.4 113.0 115.2 124.1 110.8 102.5 121.8 107.2 146.7 131.0 110.4 65.0 81.1 98.4 105.4 134.5 110.3 86.0 97.7 122.7 116.8 108.3 115.1 106.3 100.7 111.2 98.8 112.4 108.9 108.3 104.3 101.9 111.4 109.5 140.0 101.7 98.8 108.7 98.4 105.0 106.1 92.9 70.3 92.5 109.3 116.1 101.2 121.5 105.4 91.2 119.5 109.8 99.6 108.5 109.2 98.0 99.9 96.5 113.4 123.1 108.7 98.1 129.5 99.3 121.2 113.1 101.8 104.5 112.7 102.4 118.3 106.7 99.5 73.4 93.6 107.5 115.5 114.3 107.7 91.9 93.4 113.7 116.1 104.1 101.2 105.4 100.2 106.8 96.9 106.2 110.2 106.1 106.5 103.9 107.5 109.3

2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94

135.7 119.3 106.6 128.6 111.4 153.4 129.1 106.1 61.0 86.7 113.3 125.6 125.8 123.8 84.9 91.8 133.0 135.2 112.3 107.6 108.8 101.0 116.0 96.9 114.4 116.4 108.7 112.7 101.7 105.8 109.7

179

6 5
)??>211* ?!!? ??? ???? Year 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?:!!??!!dpoujovfe
(preceding year=100) ???? ?????? ???? $ ????? $??? ????? ??? ??? Wholesale PerTertiary Transport, and Capita Industry Storage Retail GDP and Post Trade 119.3 118.2 112.0 114.4 113.2 105.4 102.3 108.9 112.4 112.2 111.1 109.8 109.4 110.7 108.4 109.3 109.7 110.3 110.4 109.5 110.1 112.2 114.1 116.0 110.4 109.6 109.8 109.4 108.1 108.3 114.9 113.8 113.9 109.6 112.5 104.2 108.3 110.6 110.1 112.5 108.5 111.0 111.0 109.2 110.6 112.2 108.6 108.8 107.1 106.1 114.5 111.2 110.0 111.8 107.3 104.2 109.8 109.9 106.8 107.2 124.7 133.5 109.4 114.7 111.8 89.3 94.7 105.2 110.5 108.6 108.2 108.2 107.6 108.8 106.5 108.7 109.4 109.1 108.8 109.9 106.6 113.0 119.5 120.2 115.9 112.1 114.3 112.6 110.4 110.3 113.7 111.9 107.2 109.8 109.5 102.5 102.3 107.7 112.8 112.7 111.8 109.7 108.9 108.2 106.8 106.7 107.6 107.5 108.4 109.3 109.4 110.7 112.0 113.6 109.1 108.7 109.9 108.8 107.1 107.1

???? ?!!!!?

??????

?????? ?!!? ???

Gross National Income 115.3 113.2 108.5 111.5 111.3 104.2 104.1 109.1 114.1 113.7 113.1 109.3 110.2 109.6 107.3 107.9 108.6 108.1 109.5 110.5 110.5 110.8 113.3 114.6 110.1 108.3 110.2 108.7 108.4 107.4

Gross Domestic Product 115.2 113.5 108.8 111.6 111.3 104.1 103.8 109.2 114.2 114.0 113.1 110.9 110.0 109.3 107.8 107.6 108.4 108.3 109.1 110.0 110.1 111.3 112.7 114.2 109.6 109.2 110.4 109.3 107.7 107.7

Primary Industry 112.9 101.8 103.3 104.7 102.5 103.1 107.3 102.4 104.7 104.7 104.0 105.0 105.1 103.5 103.5 102.8 102.4 102.8 102.9 102.5 106.3 105.2 105.0 103.7 105.4 104.2 104.3 104.3 104.5 104.0

Secondary Industry 114.5 118.6 110.2 113.7 114.5 103.8 103.2 113.9 121.2 119.9 118.4 113.9 112.1 110.5 108.9 108.1 109.4 108.4 109.8 112.7 111.1 112.1 113.4 115.1 109.9 109.9 112.3 110.3 107.9 107.8

Industry

Construction 110.9 122.2 115.9 117.9 108.0 91.6 101.2 109.6 121.0 118.0 113.7 112.4 108.5 102.6 109.0 104.3 105.7 106.8 108.8 112.1 108.1 116.0 117.2 116.2 109.5 118.6 113.5 109.7 109.3 109.5

114.9 118.2 109.6 113.2 115.3 105.1 103.4 114.4 121.2 120.1 118.9 114.0 112.5 111.3 108.9 108.5 109.8 108.7 110.0 112.8 111.5 111.6 112.9 114.9 109.9 108.7 112.1 110.4 107.7 107.6

180

2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?21!!???????? Indices of Gross Domestic Product
?????????? Data in this table are calculated at constant prices.

)2:63?>211* ?!!? ??? ???? Year Gross National Income 100.0 115.6 120.5 128.7 148.1 155.6 188.6 205.3 204.6 148.7 140.4 154.7 182.9 214.1 237.1 223.6 214.4 250.6 299.3 320.4 332.4 358.5 366.8 398.7 392.2 422.1 471.4 507.1 546.8 575.3 628.5

???? ?!!!!? ?????? ??????

Gross Domestic Product 100.0 115.6 120.5 128.7 148.1 155.6 188.6 205.3 204.6 148.7 140.4 154.7 182.9 214.1 237.1 223.6 214.4 250.6 299.3 320.4 332.4 358.5 366.8 398.7 392.2 422.1 471.4 507.1 546.8 575.5 627.6

(year of 1952=100) ???? ?????? ???? $ ?!!? ??? ????? $?????? ???????? Wholesale PerPrimary Secondary Industry Construc- Tertiary Transport, and Capita Industry Industry tion Industry Storage and Post Retail Trade GDP 100.0 101.9 103.6 111.8 117.0 120.6 121.1 101.9 85.2 86.5 90.4 100.6 113.6 124.6 133.6 136.1 134.0 135.1 145.5 148.2 146.9 160.1 166.7 170.1 167.1 163.4 170.1 180.6 177.9 190.3 212.3 100.0 135.8 157.1 169.0 227.3 245.5 375.4 472.3 498.6 288.8 257.8 295.2 370.8 460.6 564.0 483.3 438.7 584.0 787.3 884.2 943.6 1022.1 1036.4 1200.2 1170.3 1325.8 1525.2 1650.2 1874.1 1909.1 2015.3 100.0 135.7 161.9 172.6 222.0 247.2 379.2 489.7 519.8 316.8 274.7 311.3 391.0 492.0 608.9 516.7 474.1 630.5 852.5 957.5 1030.4 1120.9 1131.9 1312.9 1272.1 1455.5 1694.0 1840.7 2073.7 2109.7 2231.5 100.0 136.4 131.8 150.0 255.0 236.8 355.2 375.3 380.5 131.8 163.2 205.4 257.9 285.2 312.0 296.5 240.4 323.3 421.6 472.8 462.8 478.4 508.0 578.2 602.8 612.9 609.4 621.4 787.6 812.5 840.3 100.0 124.9 124.4 130.4 147.7 154.6 182.6 211.0 221.5 164.3 149.0 155.5 179.6 208.1 204.1 205.2 206.5 234.3 250.9 265.5 279.1 294.3 298.8 313.5 314.7 345.0 392.7 423.5 448.9 495.7 560.0 100.0 124.1 137.6 141.0 171.7 184.1 270.2 354.0 390.8 254.0 205.9 202.6 213.4 287.1 316.8 272.4 266.1 326.6 381.4 413.2 475.5 505.5 508.8 565.9 559.2 628.3 684.0 740.5 772.3 786.8 876.1 100.0 140.0 142.5 140.7 153.0 150.6 158.2 168.0 156.0 109.7 101.5 111.0 128.8 130.3 158.3 166.8 152.2 181.9 199.7 199.0 215.9 235.7 231.0 230.8 222.6 252.5 310.7 337.8 331.6 429.4 426.2 100.0 113.1 115.1 120.3 135.6 138.9 164.3 175.3 174.5 128.1 119.9 129.0 149.0 170.3 183.4 168.6 157.5 179.1 208.1 216.7 219.4 231.3 231.8 247.5 239.8 254.5 280.5 297.7 317.1 329.4 354.0

2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93

181

6 5
)2:63?>211* ?!!? ??? ???? Year Gross National Income 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?21!!??!!dpoujovfe
(year of 1952=100) ???? ?????? ???? $ ?!!? ??? ????? $?????? ???????? Wholesale PerPrimary Secondary Industry Construc- Tertiary Transport, and Capita Industry Industry tion Industry Storage and Post Retail Trade GDP 229.9 259.6 264.3 273.1 286.0 293.2 302.3 324.4 332.2 347.8 364.2 378.7 397.7 417.9 432.6 447.7 460.2 471.3 484.5 498.5 511.0 543.2 571.6 600.2 622.7 656.1 683.6 712.8 743.1 776.9 808.0 2224.2 2546.2 3019.0 3327.6 3783.3 4332.6 4495.8 4638.3 5280.9 6398.0 7669.1 9077.1 10336.6 11587.9 12802.2 13943.0 15077.3 16499.0 17891.8 19650.4 22140.5 24600.8 27573.2 31265.5 35975.2 39528.6 43457.9 48781.6 53798.6 58057.5 62612.8 2448.4 2812.1 3324.2 3644.7 4127.4 4756.9 4997.4 5164.9 5908.2 7158.9 8597.1 10223.0 11658.5 13116.5 14601.3 15900.8 17255.0 18943.6 20586.0 22638.5 25525.1 28463.1 31758.1 35847.3 41191.0 45281.4 49234.8 55174.4 60900.9 65580.3 70539.6 983.7 1090.5 1332.6 1544.1 1820.1 1965.5 1799.5 1820.9 1995.0 2414.5 2849.1 3238.7 3640.2 3950.0 4053.4 4418.9 4608.1 4869.3 5199.6 5656.6 6340.1 6855.5 7952.1 9322.0 10830.9 11860.0 14060.7 15954.5 17504.7 19137.4 20963.8 645.0 769.8 909.6 1019.1 1165.5 1318.8 1389.5 1422.0 1548.1 1740.8 1952.9 2169.5 2383.0 2607.6 2887.0 3128.8 3420.7 3754.1 4139.2 4571.4 5005.9 5509.3 6183.1 7057.2 8185.3 9036.8 9901.0 10866.6 11889.8 12847.6 13910.3 959.3 1102.1 1254.1 1428.2 1565.4 1761.4 1835.4 1988.6 2198.5 2419.6 2723.0 2955.1 3279.4 3641.4 3976.4 4397.5 4932.8 5356.0 5827.7 6243.0 6625.5 7584.6 8434.4 9275.1 10369.7 11129.2 11594.0 12729.2 13985.6 14937.8 16016.9 516.8 644.5 860.7 942.0 1080.6 1207.8 1078.4 1021.6 1074.5 1187.5 1289.3 1394.9 1509.7 1625.0 1767.5 1882.5 2046.5 2239.2 2442.9 2658.1 2922.2 3114.1 3519.8 4204.9 5055.0 5856.2 6565.0 7503.3 8449.4 9329.0 10293.9 386.8 439.7 492.2 527.8 579.6 634.6 650.4 665.5 716.7 808.8 911.3 1018.9 1118.0 1217.0 1316.6 1406.2 1500.3 1614.0 1735.4 1880.3 2056.0 2249.9 2489.7 2789.7 3168.2 3455.7 3755.4 4127.8 4490.1 4810.2 5153.7

???? ?!!!!? ?????? ??????

Gross Domestic Product 695.8 801.3 909.2 989.7 1104.3 1228.9 1278.8 1327.9 1449.8 1656.3 1887.6 2134.5 2367.7 2604.6 2846.8 3069.8 3303.7 3582.2 3879.6 4231.9 4656.2 5125.8 5705.5 6428.8 7339.2 8046.3 8787.7 9705.8 10608.4 11420.2 12296.3

698.4 805.3 911.7 989.6 1103.6 1228.4 1279.5 1331.5 1452.8 1657.1 1883.6 2130.5 2329.4 2566.8 2813.9 3019.7 3259.6 3538.4 3823.4 4188.4 4627.2 5112.1 5664.8 6416.6 7356.1 8097.2 8772.7 9663.4 10506.6 11392.6 12237.6

182

2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?22!!??????????? Gross Domestic Product by Expenditure Approach
???????????? Data in this table are calculated at current prices.

????ǖ?? ??????? ???? ???? Gross Domestic Year Product by Expenditure Approach 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 692.2 834.3 878.3 934.9 1034.2 1101.9 1291.2 1451.3 1508.0 1275.2 1176.4 1293.1 1441.8 1629.2 1827.3 1707.7 1708.7 1857.7 2207.0 2392.5 2453.8 2669.6 2738.7 2950.4 2968.3 3166.0 3605.6 4092.6 4592.9 5008.8 5590.0

(100 million yuan) ?????? ?!!!!??? Final Consumption Expenditure 546.3 644.4 654.1 722.3 772.6 816.4 852.6 821.5 932.6 995.1 985.7 1014.3 1078.6 1158.6 1251.3 1275.7 1269.1 1359.4 1459.7 1557.9 1644.3 1751.3 1809.6 1887.4 1969.5 2057.8 2239.1 2633.7 3007.9 3361.5 3714.8 ?????? ???? Gross Capital Formation 153.7 198.3 226.9 221.5 257.6 280.0 432.0 621.7 575.0 274.6 178.1 265.3 350.3 462.1 569.8 425.7 432.2 485.9 744.9 819.0 791.1 903.5 936.1 1062.3 990.1 1098.1 1377.9 1478.9 1599.7 1630.2 1784.2 ?????? ?????? Net Export of Goods and Services -7.8 -8.4 -2.7 -8.9 4.0 5.5 6.6 8.1 0.4 5.5 12.6 13.5 12.9 8.5 6.2 6.3 7.4 12.4 2.4 15.6 18.4 14.8 -7.0 0.7 8.7 10.1 -11.4 -20 -14.7 17.1 91.0

?????? ?!!!!??? Household Consumption Expenditure 453.0 529.2 550.0 602.6 646.8 686.6 724.0 691.2 741.7 816.7 838.7 844.2 889.6 951.5 1021.1 1081.5 1076.6 1127.7 1206.8 1262.0 1334.2 1432.5 1467.0 1528.5 1588.5 1647.8 1759.1 2011.5 2331.2 2627.9 2902.9

?????? ?!!!!??? Government Consumption Expenditure 93.3 115.2 104.1 119.7 125.8 129.8 128.6 130.3 190.9 178.4 147.0 170.1 189.0 207.1 230.2 194.2 192.5 231.7 252.9 295.9 310.1 318.8 342.6 358.9 381.0 410.0 480.0 622.2 676.7 733.6 811.9

???? ???????? Gross Fixed Capital Formation 80.7 115.3 140.9 145.5 219.6 187.0 333.0 435.7 473.0 227.6 175.1 215.3 290.3 350.1 406.8 323.7 300.2 406.9 545.9 603.0 622.1 664.5 748.1 880.3 865.1 911.1 1073.9 1153.1 1322.4 1339.3 1503.2

?????? Changes in Inventories 73.0 83.0 86.0 76.0 38.0 93.0 99.0 186.0 102.0 47.0 3.0 50.0 60.0 112.0 163.0 102.0 132.0 79.0 199.0 216.0 169.0 239.0 188.0 182.0 125.0 187.0 304 325.8 277.3 290.9 281.0

183

6 5
2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?22!!??!!dpoujovfe
????ǖ?? ??????? ???? ???? Gross Domestic Year Product by Expenditure Approach 6216.2 7362.7 9076.7 10508.5 12277.4 15388.6 17311.3 19347.8 22577.4 27565.2 36938.1 50217.4 63216.9 74163.6 81658.5 86531.6 91125.0 98749.0 109028.0 120475.6 136613.4 160956.6 187423.4 222712.5 266599.2 315974.6 348775.1 402816.5 472619.2 529399.2 586673.0 (100 million yuan) ?????? ?!!!!??? Final Consumption Expenditure 4126.4 4846.3 5986.3 6821.8 7804.6 9839.5 11164.2 12090.5 14091.9 17203.3 21899.9 29242.2 36748.2 43919.5 48140.6 51588.2 55636.9 61516.0 66933.9 71816.5 77685.5 87552.6 99357.5 113103.8 132232.9 153422.5 169274.8 194115.0 232111.5 261993.6 292165.6 ?????? ???? Gross Capital Formation 2039.0 2515.1 3457.5 3941.9 4462.0 5700.2 6332.7 6747.0 7868.0 10086.3 15717.7 20341.1 25470.1 28784.9 29968.0 31314.2 32951.5 34842.8 39769.4 45565.0 55963.0 69168.4 77856.8 92954.1 110943.2 138325.3 164463.2 193603.9 228344.3 252773.2 280356.1 ?????? ?????? Net Export of Goods and Services 50.8 1.3 -367.1 -255.2 10.8 -151.1 -185.6 510.3 617.5 275.6 -679.5 634.1 998.6 1459.2 3549.9 3629.2 2536.6 2390.2 2324.7 3094.1 2964.9 4235.6 10209.1 16654.6 23423.1 24226.8 15037.0 15097.6 12163.3 14632.4 14151.3

?????? ?!!!!??? Household Consumption Expenditure 3231.1 3742.0 4687.4 5302.1 6126.1 7868.1 8812.6 9450.9 10730.6 13000.1 16412.1 21844.2 28369.7 33955.9 36921.5 39229.3 41920.4 45854.6 49435.9 53056.6 57649.8 65218.5 72958.7 82575.5 96332.5 111670.4 123584.6 140758.6 168956.6 190584.6 212187.5

?????? ?!!!!??? Government Consumption Expenditure 895.3 1104.3 1298.9 1519.7 1678.5 1971.4 2351.6 2639.6 3361.3 4203.2 5487.8 7398.0 8378.5 9963.6 11219.1 12358.9 13716.5 15661.4 17498.0 18759.9 20035.7 22334.1 26398.8 30528.4 35900.4 41752.1 45690.2 53356.3 63154.9 71409.0 79978.1

???? ???????? Gross Fixed Capital Formation 1723.3 2147.0 2672.0 3139.7 3798.7 4701.9 4419.4 4827.8 6070.3 8513.7 13309.2 17312.7 20885.0 24048.1 25965.0 28569.0 30527.3 33844.4 37754.5 43632.1 53490.7 65117.7 74232.9 87954.1 103948.6 128084.4 156679.8 183615.2 215682.0 241756.8 269075.4

?????? Changes in Inventories 315.7 368.1 785.5 802.2 663.3 998.3 1913.3 1919.2 1797.7 1572.6 2408.5 3028.4 4585.1 4736.8 4003.0 2745.2 2424.2 998.4 2014.9 1932.9 2472.3 4050.7 3624.0 5000.0 6994.6 10240.9 7783.4 9988.7 12662.3 11016.4 11280.7

184

2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

?ǖ??????????????????????????????????? a) The gross domestic production by expenditure approach is not equal to gross domestic product due to statistical discrepancies.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?23!!????????????? Household Consumption and Its Indices
??????????????????????????? Absolute figures in this table are calculated at current prices, while indices are calculated at constant prices.

???? Year

??)??>211* ??)2:63>211* Index (preceding year=100) Index(1952=100) ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? All Rural Urban All Rural Urban All Rural Urban Households Households Households Households Households Households Households Households Households 80 91 92 99 104 108 111 104 111 124 126 124 127 133 139 143 139 142 147 150 155 162 163 167 171 175 184 208 238 264 288 65 72 73 80 81 82 86 70 73 87 93 94 99 104 111 115 111 113 119 121 121 128 128 130 131 130 138 159 178 201 223 154 188 191 198 212 222 212 224 236 248 248 240 253 259 262 268 266 272 281 287 315 325 334 349 365 390 405 425 489 521 536 107.5 100.6 106.8 105.0 102.7 101.6 91.7 94.7 93.7 103.7 109.4 105.6 109.8 103.1 103.3 96.8 102.7 104.0 101.3 102.8 104.7 99.9 102.2 102.1 101.3 104.1 106.9 109.0 108.3 106.8 102.8 101.2 108.7 101.3 102.0 102.5 80.8 95.5 101.3 106.9 107.5 105.8 110.0 104.1 104.2 95.9 103.0 104.8 101.2 99.7 105.4 99.1 101.5 100.7 99.8 104.3 106.5 108.4 109.8 109.1 115.1 100.7 103.7 107.0 102.4 95.8 100.8 89.4 87.2 102.8 116.3 111.3 109.3 101.6 102.4 99.1 102.9 103.5 102.2 109.4 103.3 102.2 103.9 104.6 103.7 103.3 102.8 107.2 104.0 100.7 100.0 107.5 108.1 115.5 121.3 124.5 126.5 116.0 109.9 103.0 106.8 116.8 123.4 135.4 139.6 144.2 139.6 143.4 149.1 151.1 155.3 162.6 162.4 166.0 169.5 171.7 178.7 191.0 208.2 225.5 240.8 100.0 102.8 104.0 113.1 114.6 116.8 119.8 96.8 92.4 93.6 100.1 107.6 113.8 125.2 130.3 135.8 130.2 134.2 140.6 142.3 141.9 149.5 148.2 150.4 151.4 151.1 157.6 167.8 181.9 199.8 218.0 100.0 115.1 115.9 120.2 128.6 131.7 126.2 127.2 113.7 99.1 101.9 118.5 131.9 144.2 146.5 150.0 148.7 153.0 158.3 161.8 177.0 182.9 186.9 194.2 203.1 210.6 217.6 223.7 239.8 249.4 251.1

?????)?* Value (yuan)

2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93

185

6 5
???? Year 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?23!!??!!dpoujovfe
?????)?* Value (yuan) ???? ???? ?????? ??)??>211* Index (preceding year=100) ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??)2:63>211* Index(1952=100)

All Rural Urban All Rural Urban All Rural Urban Households Households Households Households Households Households Households Households Households 316 361 446 497 565 714 788 833 932 1116 1393 1833 2355 2789 3002 3159 3346 3632 3887 4144 4475 5032 5596 6299 7310 8430 9283 10522 12570 14110 15632 250 287 349 378 421 509 549 560 602 688 805 1038 1313 1626 1722 1730 1766 1860 1969 2062 2103 2319 2657 2950 3347 3901 4163 4700 5870 6632 7409 558 618 765 872 998 1311 1466 1596 1840 2262 2924 3852 4931 5532 5823 6109 6405 6850 7161 7486 8060 8912 9593 10618 12130 13653 14904 16546 19108 21035 22880 108.1 112.0 113.5 104.7 106.0 107.8 99.8 103.7 108.6 113.3 108.4 104.6 107.8 109.4 104.5 105.9 108.3 108.6 106.1 107.0 107.1 108.1 108.2 109.8 110.9 109.0 110.3 108.2 110.3 109.4 108.0 110.6 112.9 113.3 102.3 104.9 105.2 98.3 99.2 105.4 108.5 104.3 103.1 106.8 114.5 103.1 101.2 105.1 104.5 104.5 105.2 100.3 104.2 110.8 108.2 106.9 108.5 107.7 108.0 112.6 109.3 108.7 102.1 107.9 111.1 106.7 105.6 109.7 100.7 108.5 110.7 116.1 110.4 104.4 107.2 103.4 102.2 105.9 107.0 107.8 103.9 104.9 107.0 106.9 105.0 108.0 109.7 106.9 109.1 105.9 107.3 107.5 106.1 260.3 291.6 331.0 346.5 367.3 395.9 395.2 409.8 445.0 504.2 546.6 571.7 616.3 674.2 704.6 746.1 808.1 877.6 930.0 995.0 1065.2 1151.5 1245.9 1367.7 1516.7 1653.1 1823.8 1973.8 2176.7 2381.4 2571.3 241.1 272.2 308.3 315.4 330.9 348.1 342.2 339.4 357.8 388.2 404.9 417.4 445.8 510.5 526.3 532.6 559.8 585.0 611.6 643.2 645.4 672.7 745.3 806.5 861.9 935.5 1007.7 1088.1 1225.4 1339.2 1455.1 256.4 276.7 307.4 328.0 346.3 379.9 382.6 415.1 459.5 533.5 589.0 614.9 659.2 681.6 696.6 737.7 789.3 850.9 882.8 926.0 991.1 1059.6 1112.2 1201.0 1317.2 1407.7 1535.2 1626.0 1745.5 1876.4 1990.0

186

2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?24!!????????? Total Investment in Fixed Assets
????ǖ?? ?!?!? ???? Year ???? ?????? Total Investment 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 961.00 1230.40 1430.10 1832.90 2543.20 3120.60 3791.70 4753.80 4410.40 4517.00 5594.50 8080.10 13072.30 17042.10 20019.30 (22974.00) 22913.50 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 24941.10 28406.20 29854.70 32917.73 37213.49 43499.91 55566.61 70477.44 711.10 900.50 1014.40 1279.00 1865.50 2300.40 2730.60 3431.90 3134.00 3274.40 4057.90 6079.70 10303.40 13534.30 15643.70 (17627.70) 17567.20 19194.20 22491.40 23732.00 26221.80 30001.20 35488.80 45811.70 59028.19 101.00 149.90 257.20 272.70 253.30 336.20 731.20 1937.50 2554.10 3149.02 (3216.40) 3216.40 3178.37 3614.23 4103.20 4984.10 6344.11 7790.92 10153.80 13158.25 ???? Urban
$

(100 million yuan) ??? ????? ?? Rural ?!!??? (%) Increase over Preceding Year(%) 249.90 329.90 415.70 553.90 677.70 820.20 1061.10 1321.90 1276.40 1242.60 1536.60 2000.40 2768.90 3507.80 4375.60 (5346.30) 5346.30 5746.90 5914.80 6122.70 6695.90 7212.30 8011.10 9754.90 11449.25 8.8 13.9 5.1 10.3 13.0 16.9 27.7 26.6 5.5 28.0 16.2 28.2 38.8 22.7 21.5 25.4 -7.2 2.4 23.9 44.4 61.8 30.4 17.5 14.8

Real Estate Development

187

6 5
????ǖ?? ???? Year 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?24!!??!!dpoujovfe
(100 million yuan) ?!?!? ???? ?????? Total Investment 88773.62 109998.20 137323.94 172828.40 224598.77 (278121.9) 251683.77 3122 3123 3124 311485.13 374694.74 446294.09 75095.10 93368.70 117464.47 148738.30 193920.39 (241430.9) 243797.79 302396.06 364854.15 435747.43 ???? Urban ????? Real Estate Development 15909.20 19422.90 25288.84 31203.19 36241.81 (48259.4) 48259.40 61796.89 71803.79 86013.38 13678.51 16629.50 19859.47 24090.10 30678.38 (36691.0) 7885.97 9089.07 9840.59 10546.66 23.8 20.3 19.1
$

??? ?? Rural ?!!??? (%) Increase over Preceding Year(%) 26.0 23.9 24.8 25.9 30.0 23.8

188

?ǖ2/2::6.2::7?????????????????????????????????????6????2::8????????????????? !!!!!?????????????????????6???????61????3122???????????????????????????????? !!!!!????61?????611???????????????????????????)????*???????)????*??????????? !!!!!???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? !!!!3/?????????2::7??3121?????????????????????????????????????????????????? !!!!!????2::7??61??????????3121??611??????????????????????????????????????? !!!!!)????*? !!!!4/?????????????????? !!!!5/????????3115???????????????????????????????? a) From 1995 to 1996, statistical points of investment were 50 000 yuan, except real estate investment, rural collective investment, private investment; Since 1997, statistical points of investment rosed to 500 000 yuan, except real estate investment, rural collective investment, private investment; Since 2011, statistical points of investment rosed to 5 million yuan, except real estate investment, rural private investment; Statistical coverage of urban fixed assets investment changed to fixed assets investment (expcept rural households), which equals to original urban fixed assets investment plus projects investment of rural enterprises. And coverage of rural fixed assets investment changed to rural households investment, not including projects investment of rural enterprises. b) For comparation, data of 1996 and 2010 was adjusted accordingly, data in brackets were original data, data without brackets were new coverage. Of new coverage, statistical points of 1996 were 500 000 yuan; of 2010 were 5 million yuan, and coverage of urban fixed assets investment changed to fixed assets investment(except rural households). c) Growth rate are calculated without removing the factor of price. d) As National Economic Census, investment in 2004 was not comparable with preceding year, growth rate was calcuated at comparable coverage.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?25!!?????????????????????????? Total Investment in Fixed Assets by Source of Funds and Floor Space of Buildings
???? Year ??????)!????* By Source of Funds (100 million yuan) ????? ?????? ???? ?!?!? ?!!!!!? ???? State Budgetary Domestic Foreign Fundraising Appropriation Loans Investment and Others 269.76 279.26 339.71 421.00 407.80 455.62 496.64 431.96 366.05 393.03 380.43 347.46 483.67 529.57 621.05 (629.72) 625.88 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 696.74 1197.39 1852.14 2109.45 2546.42 3160.96 2687.82 3254.91 4154.29 4672.00 5857.06 7954.75 12685.73 (14677.79) 13012.75 14843.29 18958.66 22305.26 122.00 176.12 175.50 258.47 510.27 658.46 871.98 977.84 762.98 885.45 1314.73 2214.03 3071.99 3997.64 4198.73 (4576.53) 4573.69 4782.55 5542.89 5725.93 6727.27 7239.79 8859.07 12044.36 13788.04 16319.01 19590.47 23044.20 26443.74 39302.82 (47258.01) 44020.83 46344.51 51593.50 59442.04 36.36 60.51 66.55 70.66 91.48 137.31 181.97 275.31 291.08 284.61 318.89 468.66 954.28 1768.95 2295.89 (2747.41) 2746.60 2683.89 2617.03 2006.78 1696.30 1730.73 2084.98 2599.35 3285.68 3978.80 4334.31 5132.69 5311.94 4623.73 (4986.76) 4703.64 5061.99 4468.78 4319.44 532.89 714.51 848.30 1082.74 1533.64 1869.19 2241.11 2968.69 2990.28 2954.41 3580.44 5049.95 8562.36 11530.96 13409.19 (15465.35) 15412.40 17096.49 19359.61 20169.80 22577.40 26470.04 30941.91 41284.76 54236.30 70138.75 90360.20 116769.67 143204.86 193617.42 (244041.67) 224042.03 279734.38 334654.71 405545.78 ????????!)??????* Floor Space of Buildings (10 000 sq.m) ???? ???? $ $ Floor Space ?? ?? of Under Residential Floor Space Residential Construction Buildings of Completed Buildings 109510.30 129187.90 126407.20 148858.90 188183.70 174597.30 168951.00 131788.00 137171.00 152813.08 172173.10 183449.00 200830.00 215084.62 (236308.48) 235258.57 230490.98 245755.73 263294.25 265293.53 276025.40 304428.15 343741.65 376495.06 431123.04 462677.05 548542.04 632260.99 754189.40 (885173.43) 844056.90 1035518.88 1167238.42 1336287.60 98844.00 126486.00 140451.91 (155849.32) 155508.90 149658.07 167600.83 181236.44 180634.32 182767.05 193730.96 205286.68 217580.48 239769.60 265565.31 315629.80 364354.38 431463.18 (492763.57) 480772.89 574909.86 614990.59 673163.29 86325.00 90289.00 111610.00 106587.00 122084.00 154621.00 145425.00 140190.00 110557.00 107952.00 120093.00 116153.00 124949.00 136550.00 145600.12 (162849.30) 161965.70 166057.13 170904.75 187357.07 181974.44 182437.05 196737.87 202643.73 207019.08 227588.65 212542.15 238425.31 260306.98 302116.53 (304306.12) 278564.54 329073.26 335503.55 349895.79 69444.00 71459.00 86540.00 75820.00 90972.00 120516.00 110641.00 108418.00 87267.00 86425.00 94685.00 85880.00 78965.00 97510.00 107433.09 (122204.48) 121913.40 121100.96 127571.61 139305.93 134528.83 130419.64 134002.10 130160.75 124881.12 132835.95 131408.19 146282.71 159404.62 184209.52 (183172.27) 174603.86 197452.24 195102.89 193328.47

2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7

189

?ǖ2::4?????????????????? a) Since 1993, the source of funds refers to financial appropriation.

6 5
2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?26!!??????????? Floor Space of Buildings and Real Estate Development of China
?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?!!!!? ???? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ????? ???? )??* )??* )??????* )??????* )??* Investment Actual Funds Floor Space of Floor Space Total Sales Year Made for Investment Buildings under of Buildings of Commercial This Year This Year Construction Completed House (100 million yuan) (100 million yuan) (10 000 sq.m) (10 000 sq.m) (100 million yuan) ????? ???? )??????* Floor Space of Commercialized Buildings Sold (10 000 sq.m)

$

??

Residential Buildings 1835.0

110.1 147.2 163.8 201.8 237.9 426.6 863.7 1018.5 3149.0 3216.4 3178.4 3614.2 4103.2 4984.1 6344.1 7790.9 10153.8 13158.3 15909.2 19422.9 25288.8 31203.2 36241.8 48259.4 61796.9 71803.8 86013.4 3817.1 4414.9 4795.9 5997.6 7696.4 9750.0 13196.9 17168.8 21397.8 27135.6 37478.0 39619.4 57799.0 72944.0 85688.7 96536.8 122122.5 44985.5 50770.1 56857.6 65896.9 79411.7 94104.0 117526.0 140451.4 166053.3 194786.4 236318.2 283266.2 320368.2 405356.4 506775.5 573417.5 665571.9 15819.7 17566.6 21410.8 25104.9 29867.4 34975.8 41464.1 42464.9 53417.0 55830.9 60606.7 66544.8 72677.4 78743.9 92619.9 99425.0 101435.0 1257.7 1427.1 1799.5 2513.3 2987.9 3935.4 4862.8 6032.3 7955.7 10375.7 17576.1 20826.0 29889.1 25068.2 44355.2 52721.2 58588.9 64455.8 81428.3

2697.2 2927.3 2855.4 2871.5 3025.5 4288.9 6687.9 7230.4 7905.9 7900.4 9010.2 12185.3 14556.5 18637.1 22411.9 26808.3 33717.6 38231.6 55486.2 61857.1 77354.7 65969.8 94755.0 104764.7 109366.7 111303.6 130550.6

2376.7 2549.1 2491.4 2544.6 2745.2 3812.2 6035.2 6118.0 6787.0 6898.5 7864.3 10827.1 12997.9 16570.3 19938.8 23702.3 29778.9 33819.9 49587.8 55422.9 70135.9 59280.4 86184.9 93376.6 96528.4 98467.5 115722.7

190

2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?27!!??????????????????? Government Revenue and Expenditure and Their Increase Rates
???? Year 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 ???? ?????? ?????? )??* )??* )??* Government Government Balance Revenue Expenditure (100 million yuan) (100 million yuan) (100 million yuan) 62.17 124.96 173.94 213.24 245.17 249.27 280.19 303.20 379.62 487.12 572.29 356.06 313.55 342.25 399.54 473.32 558.71 419.36 361.25 526.76 662.90 744.73 766.56 809.67 783.14 815.61 776.58 874.46 1132.26 1146.38 1159.93 1175.79 1212.33 1366.95 1642.86 2004.82 2122.01 68.05 122.07 172.07 219.21 244.11 262.73 298.52 295.95 400.36 543.17 643.68 356.09 294.88 332.05 393.79 459.97 537.65 439.84 357.84 525.86 649.41 732.17 765.86 808.78 790.25 820.88 806.20 843.53 1122.09 1281.79 1228.83 1138.41 1229.98 1409.52 1701.02 2004.25 2204.91 -5.88 2.89 1.87 -5.97 1.06 -13.46 -18.33 7.25 -20.74 -56.05 -71.39 -0.03 18.67 10.20 5.75 13.35 21.06 -20.48 3.41 0.90 13.49 12.56 0.70 0.89 -7.11 -5.27 -29.62 30.93 10.17 -135.41 -68.90 37.38 -17.65 -42.57 -58.16 0.57 -82.90 101.0 39.2 22.6 15.0 1.7 12.4 8.2 25.2 28.3 17.5 -37.8 -11.9 9.2 16.7 18.5 18.0 -24.9 -13.9 45.8 25.8 12.3 2.9 5.6 -3.3 4.1 -4.8 12.6 29.5 1.2 1.2 1.4 3.1 12.8 20.2 22.0 5.8 79.4 41.0 27.4 11.4 7.6 13.6 -0.9 35.3 35.7 18.5 -44.7 -17.2 12.6 18.6 16.8 16.9 -18.2 -18.6 47.0 23.5 12.7 4.6 5.6 -2.3 3.9 -1.8 4.6 33.0 14.2 -4.1 -7.4 8.0 14.6 20.7 17.8 10.0 25.6 25.9 28.5 27.4 27.3 28.4 29.0 33.9 39.3 29.2 27.3 27.8 27.5 27.6 29.9 23.6 21.0 27.2 29.4 30.7 30.4 29.8 28.1 27.2 26.4 27.3 31.1 28.2 25.5 24.0 22.8 22.9 22.8 22.2 20.7 ??????*&)!?? Increase Rates(%) ???? ?????? Government Government Revenue Expenditure ??????? ?????????)&* Percentage of Government Revenue to GDP (%)

191

6 5
???? Year 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2:::

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?27!!??!!dpoujovfe
???? ?????? ?????? )??* )??* )??* Government Government Balance Revenue Expenditure (100 million yuan) (100 million yuan) (100 million yuan) 2199.35 2357.24 2664.90 2937.10 3149.48 3483.37 4348.95 5218.10 6242.20 7407.99 8651.14 9875.95 11444.08 13395.23 16386.04 18903.64 21715.25 26396.47 31649.29 38760.20 51321.78 61330.35 68518.30 83101.51 103874.43 117253.52 129209.64 2262.18 2491.21 2823.78 3083.59 3386.62 3742.20 4642.30 5792.62 6823.72 7937.55 9233.56 10798.18 13187.67 15886.50 18902.58 22053.15 24649.95 28486.89 33930.28 40422.73 49781.35 62592.66 76299.93 89874.16 109247.79 125952.97 140212.10 -62.83 -133.97 -158.88 -146.49 -237.14 -258.83 -293.35 -574.52 -581.52 -529.56 -582.42 -922.23 -1743.59 -2491.27 -2516.54 -3149.51 -2934.70 -2090.42 -2280.99 -1662.53 1540.43 -1262.31 -7781.63 -6772.65 -5373.36 -8699.45 -11002.46 ??????*&)!?? Increase Rates(%) ???? ?????? Government Government Revenue Expenditure 3.6 7.2 13.1 10.2 7.2 10.6 24.8 20.0 19.6 18.7 16.8 14.2 15.9 17.0 22.3 15.4 14.9 21.6 19.9 22.5 32.4 19.5 11.7 21.3 25.0 12.9 10.2 2.6 10.1 13.3 9.2 9.8 10.5 24.1 24.8 17.8 16.3 16.3 16.9 22.1 20.5 19.0 16.7 11.8 15.6 19.1 19.1 23.2 25.7 21.9 17.8 21.6 15.3 11.3 ??????? ?????????)&* Percentage of Government Revenue to GDP (%) 18.2 15.7 15.7 15.7 14.5 12.9 12.3 10.8 10.3 10.4 11.0 11.7 12.8 13.5 14.9 15.7 16.0 16.5 17.1 17.9 19.3 19.5 20.1 20.7 22.0 22.6 22.7

192

3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

?ǖ2/?????????????2:96???????????2:97???????????????????2:96???????? !!!!!???????????????????? !!!!3/???????????????????3111??-???????????????????????????????????????? !!!!!?????????????? a) Government price subsidies were listed as negative revenue items in 1985 and before, but they have been listed as expenditure items in government accounts since 1986. For comparison purpose,budgetary price subsidies in 1985 and before were adjusted, and listed as expenditure items. b) Government revenue from both domestic and foreign borrowings are excluded in this table. Government expenditures include the payment for interest of domestic and foreign debts from 2000, and other tables which concern the government expenditure of the central government are consistent with this definition.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?28!!?????? Taxes
????ǖ?? ?!!? ???? Year 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 Total 48.98 81.13 97.69 119.67 132.18 127.45 140.88 154.89 187.36 204.71 203.65 158.76 162.07 164.31 182.00 204.30 221.96 196.63 191.56 235.44 281.20 312.56 317.02 348.95 360.40 402.77 407.96 468.27 519.28 537.82 571.70 629.89 700.02 775.59 947.35 2040.79 147.70 211.07
$

(100 million yuan) ????? Value-added Tax
$

??? Business Tax

$

??????? Consumption Tax

$

?!!? Tariffs 3.56 6.94 4.81 5.05 4.12 4.66 5.42 5.79 6.40 7.03 6.00 6.23 4.82 4.15 4.38 5.70 6.50 3.92 6.33 6.36 7.00 5.00 5.00 9.00 14.00 15.00 15.00 26.23 28.76 26.00 33.53 54.04 47.46 53.88 103.07 205.21

$

??????? Individual

$

??????? Company

Income Tax

Income Tax

193

696.06

6 5
????ǖ?? ???? Year 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?28!!??!!dpoujovfe
(100 million yuan) ?!!?
$

Total 2090.73 2140.36 2390.47 2727.40 2821.86 2990.17 3296.91 4255.30 5126.88 6038.04 6909.82 8234.04 9262.80 10682.58 12581.51 15301.38 17636.45 20017.31 24165.68 28778.54 34804.35 45621.97 54223.79 59521.59 73210.79 89738.39 100614.28 110530.70

????? Value-added Tax 232.19 254.20 384.37 430.83 400.00 406.36 705.93 1081.48 2308.34 2602.33 2962.81 3283.92 3628.46 3881.87 4553.17 5357.13 6178.39 7236.54 9017.94 10792.11 12784.81 15470.23 17996.94 18481.22 21093.48 24266.63 26415.51 28810.13

$

??? Business Tax 261.07 302.00 397.92 487.30 515.75 564.00 658.67 966.09 670.02 865.56 1052.57 1324.27 1575.08 1668.56 1868.78 2064.09 2450.33 2844.45 3581.97 4232.46 5128.71 6582.17 7626.39 9013.98 11157.91 13679.00 15747.64 17233.02

$

??????? Consumption Tax

$

?!!? Tariffs 151.62 142.37 155.02 181.54 159.01 187.28 212.75 256.47

$

??????? Individual

$

??????? Company 692.40 664.71 676.04 700.43 716.00 731.13 720.78 678.60 708.49 878.44 968.48 963.18 925.54

Income Tax

Income Tax

487.40 541.48 620.23 678.70 814.93 820.66 858.29 929.99 1046.32 1182.26 1501.90 1633.81 1885.69 2206.83 2568.27 4761.22 6071.55 6936.21 7875.58 8231.32

272.68 291.83 301.84 319.49 313.04 562.23 750.48 840.52 704.27 923.13 1043.77 1066.17 1141.78 1432.57 1769.95 1483.81 2027.83 2559.12 2783.93 2630.61 413.66 659.64 995.26 1211.78 1418.03 1737.06 2094.91 2453.71 3185.58 3722.31 3949.35 4837.27 6054.11 5820.28 6531.53

194

2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

811.41 999.63 2630.87 3082.79 2919.51 3957.33 5343.92 7039.60 8779.25 11175.63 11536.84 12843.54 16769.64 19654.53 22427.20

?ǖ2/3112???????????????????????????3112?????????????????????????????????? !!!!3/???????????????????????????????????? a) Company income tax only includes those of state-owned and collective-owned enterprises before 2001, since 2001, other ownership enterprises are also included. b) Dometic value-added tax do not include imported production value-added tax; domestic consumption tax do not include imported production consumption tax.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?29!!???????????? Main Government Expenditure by Item
????;!?? ???????? ???? Year Expenditure for Capital Construction ???? ?????? Additional Appropriation for Circulating Capital of Enterprises ??????? ???????? Innovation Funds and Science and Technology Promotion Funds ????????? Geological Prospecting Expenses ?????? ??????? Operating Expenses of Industrial, Transport and Commerce (100 million yuan) ?????? Expenditure for Supporting Agricultural Production 1.99 3.67 2.69 2.99 3.98 5.82 7.70 7.99 9.34 22.05 33.73 31.01 19.29 22.19 20.92 17.29 19.11 16.12 12.89 14.87 15.91 19.65 25.10 35.49 38.23 42.53 46.01 50.68 76.95 89.97 82.12 73.68 79.88 86.66 95.93 101.04 124.30

2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97

12.50 27.03 46.68 70.34 84.28 88.53 139.58 123.71 229.38 302.34 354.45 110.18 55.65 80.21 123.83 158.49 191.04 161.25 117.85 206.22 298.36 309.56 309.09 317.17 312.83 326.96 311.25 300.88 451.92 443.68 346.36 257.55 269.12 344.98 454.12 554.56 596.08

18.56 13.78 26.30 30.81 10.79 20.82 25.66 54.28 67.47 29.39 47.78 36.65 23.35 27.55 40.28 29.10 12.03 26.61 31.23 35.30 42.95 53.82 44.76 41.84 45.36 65.68 66.60 52.05 36.71 22.84 23.63 12.89 9.96 14.30 9.94

1.82 3.09 2.48 2.29 0.83 2.20 2.55 2.67 14.65 18.28 20.86 25.23 27.54 10.32 5.66 10.74 14.78 26.40 25.46 25.49 27.20 31.47 34.34 39.45 63.24 71.79 80.45 65.30 69.02 78.71 111.77 103.42 129.85

0.68 0.75 3.66 5.17 6.27 6.90 8.96 10.25 6.47 4.79 4.68 6.43 7.71 7.95 7.71 6.35 8.07 8.76 10.30 11.29 12.20 13.09 14.16 15.96 17.26 20.15 21.67 22.57 21.85 23.05 23.60 26.22 29.58 30.60

6.39 6.91 10.08 10.80 12.36 16.25 14.98 19.58 13.54 10.29 7.89 12.71 15.91 16.40 12.01 6.80 6.37 6.58 6.49 7.55 8.90 10.09 12.76 13.12 14.43 17.79 20.90 22.85 23.68 23.83 27.88 30.66 35.16 36.56

195

6 5
????;!?? ???? Year 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?29!!??!2!!dpoujovfe
(100 million yuan) ?????? Expenditure for Supporting Agricultural Production 134.16 158.74 197.12 221.76 243.55 269.04 323.42 399.70 430.22 510.07 560.77 626.02 677.46 766.89 917.96 1102.70 1134.86 1693.79 1792.40 2161.35

???????? Expenditure for Capital Construction

???? ?????? Additional Appropriation for Circulating Capital of Enterprises 12.06 9.59 12.09 10.90 13.08 10.63 18.48 17.33 34.80 42.93 52.20 42.36 56.41 71.06 22.71 18.97 11.95 12.44 18.17 16.58

??????? ???????? Innovation Funds and Science and Technology Promotion Funds 124.93 151.01 146.30 153.91 180.81 223.62 421.38 415.13 494.45 523.02 643.20 641.18 766.05 865.24 991.56 968.38 1092.99 1243.94 1494.59 1744.56

????????? Geological Prospecting Expenses

?????? ??????? Operating Expenses of Industrial, Transport and Commerce 33.13 38.95 45.01 46.93 52.41 64.58 76.22 100.77 102.76 120.41 136.41 121.56 128.07 150.07 200.12 232.38 285.23 368.21 444.15 581.25

196

521.64 494.76 481.70 547.39 559.62 555.90 591.93 639.72 789.22 907.44 1019.50 1387.74 2116.57 2094.89 2510.64 3142.98 3429.30 3437.50 4041.34 4390.38

30.29 32.51 33.16 36.19 38.34 44.07 49.06 64.13 66.32 68.56 73.37 83.13 83.69 88.12 99.01 102.89 106.94 115.45 132.70 141.82

?29!!??!3!dpoujovfe
????;!?? ???? Year 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 ?? ?????? General Public Services 8514.24 9795.92 9164.21 9337.16 10987.78 12700.46 13755.13 ???? National Defense 3554.91 4178.76 4951.10 5333.37 6027.91 6691.92 7410.62 (100 million yuan) ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? Education Science & Social Public Health Environment Transport Community Technology Security and and Family Protection Affairs Employment Planning ?? ???? 7122.32 9010.21 10437.54 12550.02 16497.33 21242.10 22001.76 1783.04 2129.21 2744.52 3250.18 3828.02 4452.63 5084.30 5447.16 6804.29 7606.68 9130.62 11109.40 12585.52 14490.54 1989.96 2757.04 3994.19 4804.18 6429.51 7245.11 8279.90 995.82 1427.42 1934.04 2441.98 2640.98 2963.46 3435.15 1915.38 2354.00 4647.59 5488.47 7497.80 8196.16 9348.82 3244.70 4206.14 5107.66 5987.38 7620.55 9079.12 11165.57

?ǖ2/3118?????????????????????????????????????????????? !!!!3/3122???????????????????3124???????????????????????? a) Since 2007, Public Income and Expenditure to Budgetary Accounting is performed, expenditure subject listed in this table was adjusted accordingly. b) Since 2011, the indicator of Environment Protection have changed to Energy Saving and Environment Protection. Since 2013, the indicator of Public Health changed to Public Health and Family Planning.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?2:!!?????????????? Government Payment for the Principal and Interest of Debts
????ǖ?? ?!!!!? ???? Total Year ???? ???? Payment for the Principal and Interest of Domestic Debts ???? ???? Payment for the Principal and Interest of Foreign Debts ?????? ???????? Payment of the Interest of Loans from People's Bank (100 million yuan) ???????????? ???????????? Sinking Fund from the Excessive Part of the Revenue from Borrowings minus the Expenditure for Debts

2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98

0.03 0.42 3.92 0.91 2.21 6.56 7.22 8.26 9.04 9.69 10.46 10.93 10.37 7.58 5.23 6.36 3.91 2.01 2.00

0.03 0.40 0.58 0.65 0.89 1.58 1.25 2.18 1.81 2.58 3.73 4.35 3.95 4.72 4.27 5.66 3.91 2.01 2.00 0.01 0.23 0.26 1.32 4.98 5.97 6.08 7.23 7.11 6.73 6.58 6.42 2.86 0.96 0.70 0.01 3.11

0.50 0.50 0.50

0.50 0.50 0.50

197
28.58 62.89 55.52 42.47 28.90 39.56 50.17 79.83 24.40 57.89 49.62 36.56 22.73 32.59 34.50 51.96 4.18 5.00 5.90 5.91 6.17 6.97 7.69 4.69

7.98 23.18

6 5
????ǖ?? ???? Year 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?2:!!??!!dpoujovfe
(100 million yuan) ???????????? ???????????? Sinking Fund from the Excessive Part of the Revenue from Borrowings minus the Expenditure for Debts

?!!!!? Total

???? ???? Payment for the Principal and Interest of Domestic Debts

???? ???? Payment for the Principal and Interest of Foreign Debts

?????? ???????? Payment of the Interest of Loans from People's Bank

198

76.76 72.37 190.07 246.80 438.57 336.22 499.36 882.96 1355.03 1918.37 2352.92 1910.53 1579.82 2007.73 2563.13 2952.24 3671.59 3923.37

28.44 19.30 113.42 156.69 342.42 224.30 364.96 784.06 1266.29 1820.40 2245.79 1792.33 1552.21 1923.42 2467.71 2876.58 3542.42 3878.51

42.59 45.84 68.21 80.22 80.26 89.22 107.17 71.69 60.76 70.76 76.60 90.99 27.61 84.31 95.42 75.66 129.17 44.86

5.73 7.23 8.44 9.89 15.89 22.70 27.23 27.21 27.98 27.21 30.53 27.21

12.90 3.41 19.00 3.61 7.99

?ǖ2/??3111???????????? !!!!3/3117??????????????????????????????????? a) In this table, expenditure refers to payment for the principal of debts since 2000. b) Since 2006, balance of debts was perfomed, national government budgetary and final accounting do not reflect expenditure on interest and principal of debts.

?31!!???????????? Balance of Debts of National Government Finance
????ǖ?? ???? Year 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 ?? Total 32614.21 35015.28 52074.65 53271.54 60237.68 67548.11 72044.51 77565.70 86746.91 ???? Domestic Debts 31848.59 34380.24 51467.39 52799.32 59736.95 66987.97 71410.80 76747.91 85836.05 (100 million yuan) ???? Foreign Debts 765.52 635.02 607.26 472.22 500.73 560.14 633.71 817.79 910.86

1978

1980

1949-2014

?32!!???????? Balance of Foreign Debts
????ǖ??? ?????? ?!!!!? ???????? By Type of Debt ???? ???? ?????? ???? Loans from International International Commercial Financial Loans Institutions (USD 100 million) ?????????? By Repayment Terms ?????? ?????? Balance of Long-term Debts 94.1 167.1 244.8 326.9 370.3 83.9 95.1 115.0 143.2 195.9 220.6 221.6 207.8 224.1 265.6 246.1 237.0 244.2 254.2 322.1 272.0 276.7 300.6 324.7 349.2 320.8 333.0 310.5 265.2 62.9 70.7 84.2 104.6 129.4 148.0 167.4 192.1 229.5 251.4 263.5 275.7 277.0 264.7 251.0 267.9 278.1 283.7 270.5 333.8 355.5 350.0 341.0 332.8 291.9 315.9 354.8 410.8 473.4 526.3 569.4 647.7 682.2 653.8 947.7 972.3 929.1 1051.7 1247.8 1362.6 1635.1 1820.9 2010.3 1986.5 2701.1 3775.0 3803.4 4668.7 548.0 576.0 623.0 809.0 1063.0 1196.0 1487.0 1296.0 1617.0 2112.0 2492.0 2915.0 3365.0 457.8 502.6 584.7 700.2 823.9 946.7 1021.7 1128.2 1287.0 1366.5 1326.5 1195.3 1155.6 1165.9 1242.9 1249.0 1393.6 1535.3 1638.8 1693.9 1732.4 1941.0 1960.6 1865.4 Balance of Short-term Debts 64.2 47.7 57.2 73.1 42.7 67.7 103.0 108.5 135.5 104.2 119.2 141.1 181.4 173.4 151.8 130.8 837.7 870.8 1027.7 1387.0 1716.5 1992.3 2356.9 2262.8 2592.6 3757.0 5009.0 5409.3 6766.3

???? Year

Total

???? ???? Loans from Foreign Governments

?????? Trade Loans

2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

158.3 214.8 302.0 400.0 413.0 525.5 605.6 693.2 835.7 928.1 1065.9 1162.8 1309.6 1460.4 1518.3 1457.3 2033.0 2026.3 2193.6 2629.9 2965.5 3385.9 3892.2 3901.6 4286.5 5489.4 6950.0 7369.9 8631.7

199

?ǖ3112??????????4???????????????????? a) Foreign debts since 2001 are collected by the new standard, the figures increase the foreign loans under the item of international trade loans within 3 months than the debts before 2001.

6 5
2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?33!!??????? Price Indices
)????>211*!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! (Preceding year=100) ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? Price Index Producer Purchasing Price Index Year Consumer Urban Rural Retail Urban Rural of Agricultural Price Index Price Index for Investment Price Areas Areas Price Areas Areas Production of Industrial for Industrial in Fixed Index Index Products Producer Assets 112.5 102.7 105.1 101.4 100.3 99.9 102.6 98.9 100.3 102.5 116.1 103.8 94.1 96.3 98.8 98.8 99.4 100.1 101.0 100.0 99.9 100.2 100.1 100.7 100.4 100.3 102.7 100.7 101.9 107.5 102.5 102.0 102.0 102.7 112.2 99.6 103.4 102.3 101.0 100.0 101.5 100.2 100.9 103.1 116.2 103.8 94.1 96.3 97.3 99.7 99.3 100.1 98.9 99.8 99.3 99.8 100.6 100.5 100.2 100.3 102.0 100.7 102.0 106.0 102.4 101.9 101.5 102.8 102.5 101.9 108.1 102.7 102.1 101.9 102.5 100.1 102.0 104.4 102.1 101.7 101.2 103.0 99.9 100.4 101.0 101.7 101.9 103.0 108.9

200

1978

1980

1949-2014

?33!!??!!dpoujovfe
)????>211*!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! (Preceding year=100) ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? Price Index Producer Purchasing Price Index Year Consumer Urban Rural Retail Urban Rural of Agricultural Price Index Price Index for Investment Price Areas Areas Price Areas Areas Production of Industrial for Industrial in Fixed Index Index Products Producer Assets 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 109.3 106.5 107.3 118.8 118.0 103.1 103.4 106.4 114.7 124.1 117.1 108.3 102.8 99.2 98.6 100.4 100.7 99.2 101.2 103.9 101.8 101.5 104.8 105.9 99.3 103.3 105.4 102.6 102.6 111.9 107.0 108.8 120.7 116.3 101.3 105.1 108.6 116.1 125.0 116.8 108.8 103.1 99.4 98.7 100.8 100.7 99.0 100.9 103.3 101.6 101.5 104.5 105.6 99.1 103.2 105.3 102.7 102.6 107.6 106.1 106.2 117.5 119.3 104.5 102.3 104.7 113.7 123.4 117.5 107.9 102.5 99.0 98.5 99.9 100.8 99.6 101.6 104.8 102.2 101.5 105.4 106.5 99.7 103.6 105.8 102.5 102.8 108.8 106.0 107.3 118.5 117.8 102.1 102.9 105.4 113.2 121.7 114.8 106.1 100.8 97.4 97.0 98.5 99.2 98.7 99.9 102.8 100.8 101.0 103.8 105.9 98.8 103.1 104.9 102.0 101.4 112.2 107.0 109.1 121.3 116.0 100.2 104.5 107.7 114.2 120.9 113.5 105.8 100.8 97.4 97.0 98.5 98.9 98.5 99.6 102.1 100.5 100.9 103.3 105.5 98.7 102.8 104.7 101.9 101.3 107.0 105.0 106.3 117.1 118.8 103.2 102.0 103.9 112.6 122.9 116.4 106.4 100.7 97.6 97.1 98.5 99.6 99.1 100.5 104.2 101.4 101.4 104.9 106.7 99.0 103.6 105.5 102.2 101.8 104.8 101.1 107.0 116.2 118.9 105.5 102.9 103.7 114.1 121.6 127.4 108.4 99.5 94.5 95.8 99.1 99.1 100.5 101.4 110.6 108.3 101.5 107.7 120.3 97.5 102.9 111.3 105.6 101.4 108.7 103.8 107.9 115.0 118.6 104.1 106.2 106.8 124.0 119.5 114.9 102.9 99.7 95.9 97.6 102.8 98.7 97.8 102.3 106.1 104.9 103.0 103.1 106.9 94.6 105.5 106.0 98.3 98.1 109.5 111.0 120.2 126.4 105.6 109.1 111.0 135.1 118.2 115.3 103.9 101.3 95.8 96.7 105.1 99.8 97.7 104.8 111.4 108.3 106.0 104.4 110.5 92.1 109.6 109.1 98.2 98.0 109.5 115.3 126.6 110.4 105.9 104.0 101.7 99.8 99.6 101.1 100.4 100.2 102.2 105.6 101.6 101.5 103.9 108.9 97.6 103.6 106.6 101.1 100.3

201

?ǖ2/??2:96??????????????????????????????? !!!!3/?3122??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? !!!!!!????? a) Urban areas consumer price indices remain with price indices of cost of living of workers and employees before 1985. b) The original Ex-Factory price Indices of Industrial Produts since 2011 Changed its name to the Indices of Industrial Producer, price purchasing Indices of Raw Material, Fuel and power changed its name to the Purchasing Price Indices of Industrial Producer.

6 5
?!!??? Year 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?34!!???????? Fixed-base Price Indices
?????? ???? Consumer Price Index (1978= 100) 100.0 101.9 109.5 112.2 114.4 116.7 119.9 131.1 139.6 149.8 177.9 209.9 216.4 223.8 238.1 273.1 339.0 396.9 429.9 441.9 438.4 432.2 434.0 437.0 433.5 438.7 455.8 464.0 471.0 493.6 522.7 519.0 536.1 565.0 579.7 594.8 ?????? ?!!!!??? ???? Urban Areas (1978= 100) 100.0 101.9 109.5 112.2 114.4 116.7 119.9 134.2 143.6 156.2 188.5 219.2 222.0 233.3 253.4 294.2 367.8 429.6 467.4 481.9 479.0 472.8 476.6 479.9 475.1 479.4 495.2 503.1 510.6 533.6 563.5 558.4 576.3 606.8 623.2 639.4 ???? ?!!!!??? ???? Rural Areas (1985= 100) ???? ???? Retail Price Index (1978= 100) 100.0 102.0 108.1 110.7 112.8 114.5 117.7 128.1 135.8 145.7 172.7 203.4 207.7 213.7 225.2 254.9 310.2 356.1 377.8 380.8 370.9 359.8 354.4 351.6 347.0 346.7 356.4 359.3 362.9 376.7 398.9 394.1 406.3 426.2 434.7 440.8 ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? Price Index Producer of Agricultural Price Index Production of Industrial Products (1978= (1985= 100) 100) 100.0 100.4 101.4 103.1 105.1 108.3 117.9 123.6 125.0 133.8 155.5 184.9 195.1 200.8 208.2 237.6 288.9 368.1 399.0 397.0 375.2 359.4 356.2 353.0 354.8 359.8 397.9 430.9 437.4 471.1 566.7 552.5 568.5 632.7 668.1 677.5 ????? ???? ???? ???? ?!!!!? ?!!!!? Purchasing Price Index Price Index for Investment for Industrial in Fixed Producer Assets (1990= (1990= 100) 100)

202

100.0 106.1 112.7 132.4 157.9 165.1 168.9 176.8 201.0 248.0 291.4 314.4 322.3 319.1 314.3 314.0 316.5 315.2 320.2 335.6 343.0 348.1 366.9 390.7 389.5 403.5 426.9 437.6 449.9

100.0 103.8 112.0 128.8 152.8 159.0 168.9 180.4 223.7 267.3 307.1 316.0 315.0 302.1 294.8 303.1 299.2 292.6 299.3 317.6 333.2 343.2 353.8 378.2 357.8 377.5 400.2 393.4 385.9

100.0 109.1 121.1 163.6 193.4 222.9 231.6 234.6 224.7 217.3 228.4 227.9 222.7 233.4 260.0 281.6 298.5 311.6 344.3 317.2 347.7 379.3 372.5 365.1

100.0 109.5 126.3 159.8 176.5 186.9 194.3 197.6 197.3 196.5 198.6 199.4 199.8 204.2 215.7 219.1 222.4 231.1 251.8 245.8 254.6 271.4 274.4 275.2

1978

1980

1949-2014

?35!!?????????????????? Per Capita Annual Income, Expenditure and Engel Coefficient of Urban and Rural Households
???????????? Urban Households ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? )?* )?* (1978=100) Per Capita Per Capita Living Annual Annual Expenditure Disposable Disposable Income Income Index (yuan) (1978=100) (yuan) 222.0 220.7 343.4 405.0 477.6 500.4 535.3 564.6 652.1 739.1 900.9 1002.1 1180.2 1373.9 1510.2 1700.6 2026.6 2577.4 3496.2 4283.0 4838.9 5160.3 5425.1 5854.0 6280.0 6859.6 7702.8 8472.2 9421.6 10493.0 11759.5 13785.8 15780.8 17174.7 19109.4 21809.8 24564.7 26955.1 100.0 115.7 127.0 129.9 136.3 141.5 158.7 160.4 182.7 186.8 182.3 182.5 198.1 212.4 232.9 255.1 276.8 290.3 301.6 311.9 329.9 360.6 383.7 416.3 472.1 514.6 554.2 607.4 670.7 752.5 815.7 895.4 965.2 1046.3 1146.7 1227.0 311.2 412.4 456.8 471.0 505.9 559.4 673.2 799.0 884.4 1104.0 1211.0 1278.9 1453.8 1671.7 2110.8 2851.3 3537.6 3919.5 4185.6 4331.6 4615.9 4998.0 5309.0 6029.9 6510.9 7182.1 7942.9 8696.6 9997.5 11242.9 12264.6 13471.5 15160.9 16674.3 18022.6 57.5 56.9 56.7 58.6 59.2 58.0 53.3 52.4 53.5 51.4 54.5 54.2 53.8 53.0 50.3 50.0 50.1 48.8 46.6 44.7 42.1 39.4 38.2 37.7 37.1 37.7 36.7 35.8 36.3 37.9 36.5 35.7 36.3 36.2 35.0 ?????????? Rural Households ????? ???? ?? ???? )?* (1978=100) Net Living Income Expenditure Index (1978=100) (yuan) 70.9 93.6 95.1 100.0 119.2 139.0 160.4 192.3 219.6 249.5 268.9 277.6 292.0 310.7 305.7 311.2 317.4 336.2 346.9 364.3 383.6 418.1 437.3 456.1 473.5 483.4 503.7 527.9 550.6 588.0 624.5 670.7 734.4 793.2 860.6 954.4 1063.2 1176.9 1286.4 116.1 134.5 162.2 190.8 220.2 248.3 273.8 317.4 357.0 398.3 476.7 535.4 584.6 619.8 659.2 769.7 1016.8 1310.4 1572.1 1617.2 1590.3 1577.4 1670.1 1741.1 1834.3 1943.3 2184.7 2555.4 2829.0 3223.9 3660.7 3993.5 4381.8 5221.1 5908.0 6625.5

???? Year

??? ?? (%) Engel Coefficient (%)

????? )?* Net Income (yuan) 73.0 102.3 107.2 117.1 133.6 160.2 191.3 223.4 270.1 309.8 355.3 397.6 423.8 462.6 544.9 601.5 686.3 708.6 784.0 921.6 1221.0 1577.7 1926.1 2090.1 2162.0 2210.3 2253.4 2366.4 2475.6 2622.2 2936.4 3254.9 3587.0 4140.4 4760.6 5153.2 5919.0 6977.3 7916.6 8895.9

??? ?? (%) Engel Coefficient (%) 65.7 67.1 68.5 67.7 64.0 61.8 59.9 60.7 59.4 59.2 57.8 56.4 55.8 54.0 54.8 58.8 57.6 57.6 58.1 58.9 58.6 56.3 55.1 53.4 52.6 49.1 47.7 46.3 45.6 47.2 45.5 43.0 43.1 43.7 41.0 41.1 40.4 39.3 37.7

2:68 2:75 2:76 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

203

?ǖ???????????? a) The indices in this table are calculated at constant prices.

6 5
???? Year 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?36!!????????????????????????? Resident Buildings, Savings Deposit in Urban and Rural Areas
?????? ?????? )?????* Per Capita Building Space in City Areas (sq.m) ???? ?????? )?????* Per Capita Living Space in Rural Area (sq.m) ????????? ?????????????? )??* Total Outstading Amount of Savings Deposit in Urban and Rural Areas (100 million yuan) 8.6 12.3 15.9 19.9 26.7 35.2 55.2 68.3 66.3 55.4 41.1 45.7 55.5 65.2 72.3 73.8 78.3 75.9 79.5 90.3 105.2 121.2 136.4 149.7 159.1 181.6 6.7 6.9 7.2 7.7 8.2 8.7 9.1 10.0 8.1 8.4 9.4 10.2 10.7 11.6 13.6 14.7 210.6 281.0 395.8 523.4 675.4 892.9 1214.7 1622.6 ?????? ?????? )?* Per Capita Amount of Savings Deposit in Urban and Rural Areas (yuan) 3.8 5.5 6.1 6.6 11.1 15.6 31.3 36.7 29.0 25.7 15.5 16.3 18.5 21.8 25.4 24.9 28.0 26.5 25.7 28.9 35.6 43.5 49.7 55.2 58.5 69.9 81.7 114.6 90.9 127.0 156.1 210.5 313.8 397.4 1.5 2.1 2.6 3.2 4.3 5.4 8.4 10.2 10.0 8.4 6.1 6.6 7.9 9.0 9.7 9.7 10.0 9.4 9.6 11.0 12.1 13.6 15.0 16.2 17.0 19.1 21.9 28.8 40.1 52.3 66.5 86.9 117.0 154.5

?? Time Deposits

?? Demand Deposits

4.8 6.8 9.8 13.3 15.6 19.6 23.9 31.6 37.3 29.7 25.6 29.4 37.0 43.4 46.9 48.9 50.3 49.4 53.8 61.4 69.6 77.7 86.7 94.5 100.6 111.7 128.9 166.4 304.9 396.4 519.3 682.4 900.9 1225.2

204

1978

1980

1949-2014

?36!!??!!dpoujovfe
?????? ?????? )?????* Per Capita Building Space in City Areas (sq.m) 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 12.4 12.7 13.0 13.5 13.7 14.2 14.8 15.2 15.7 16.3 17.0 17.8 18.7 19.4 20.3 20.8 24.5 25.3 26.4 27.8 28.5 30.1 30.6 31.3 31.6 32.7 32.9 ???? ?????? )?????* Per Capita Living Space in Rural Area (sq.m) 15.3 16.0 16.6 17.2 17.8 18.5 18.9 20.7 20.2 21.0 21.7 22.5 23.3 24.2 24.8 25.7 26.5 27.2 27.9 29.7 30.7 31.6 32.4 33.6 34.1 36.2 37.1 ????????? ?????????????? )??* Total Outstading Amount of Savings Deposit in Urban and Rural Areas (100 million yuan) 2237.8 3083.4 3819.1 5184.5 7119.6 9244.9 11757.3 15203.5 21518.8 29662.3 38520.8 46279.8 53407.5 59621.8 64332.4 73762.4 86910.6 103617.7 119555.4 141051.0 161587.3 172534.2 217885.4 260771.7 303302.5 343635.9 399551.0 447601.6 ?????? ?????? )?* Per Capita Amount of Savings Deposit in Urban and Rural Areas (yuan) 210.1 285.2 348.5 466.2 622.9 798.3 1003.2 1281.9 1794.7 2447.4 3147.1 3744.3 4280.8 4739.9 5075.8 5779.5 6765.9 8018.3 9197.4 10787.3 12292.9 13058.0 16406.8 19540.8 22619.2 25504.6 29508.1 32894.5

???? Year

?? Time Deposits

?? Demand Deposits

1729.2 2357.8 2845.3 4208.5 5909.4 7634.9 9445.0 12108.3 16838.7 23778.2 30873.2 36226.7 41791.6 44955.1 46141.7 51434.9 58788.9 68498.7 78138.9 92263.5 103011.4 104934.5 139300.2 160230.4 178413.9

508.6 725.6 973.8 976.0 1210.2 1610.0 2312.3 3095.2 4680.1 5884.1 7647.6 10053.1 11615.9 14666.7 18190.7 22327.5 28121.7 35119.0 41416.5 48787.5 58575.9 67599.7 78585.2 100541.3 124888.6

205

?ǖ2:89.3112????????????????????3113.3123??????????????????????????????)?????*? !!!!3/3122?????????????????????????????????? a) Data of per capita building space in city areas were provided by the Ministry of Construction from 1978 to 2001, per capita building space in urban and town areas were sample survey of urban and town household(not including collective households) from 2002 to 2012. b) Since 2011, statistics of savings deposit of Central Bank of China do not classify time deposit and demand deposit.

6 5
???? Year 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?37!!??????????????????????????? Durable Consumer Goods Owned Per 100 Households at Year-end
???!)?* Washing Machine(unit) ???? ?? Urban Households Rural Households ?????!)?* Refrigerator(unit) ???? ?? Urban Households Rural Households ???????!)?* Color Television Set(set) ???? ?? Urban Households Rural Households ???!)?* Computer (set) ???? ?? Urban Households Rural Households

6.3 16.1 29.1 40.1 52.8 59.7 66.8 73.4 76.2 78.4 80.6 83.4 86.4 87.3 89.0 90.1 89.1 90.6 91.4 90.5 92.2 92.9 94.4 95.9 95.5 96.8 96.8 94.7 96.0 96.9 97.1 98.0 0.4 1.0 1.9 3.2 4.8 6.8 8.2 9.1 11.0 12.2 13.8 15.3 16.9 20.5 21.9 22.8 24.3 28.6 29.9 31.8 34.3 37.3 40.2 43.0 45.9 49.1 53.1 57.3 62.6 67.2

0.2 0.7 1.7 3.2 9.6 12.7 19.9 28.1 36.5 42.3 48.7 52.6 56.7 62.1 66.2 69.7 73.0 76.1 77.7 80.1 81.9 87.4 88.7 90.2 90.7 91.8 95.0 93.6 95.4 96.6 97.2 98.5 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.6 2.2 3.1 4.0 5.2 7.3 8.5 9.3 10.6 12.3 13.6 14.8 15.9 17.8 20.1 22.5 26.1 30.2 37.1 45.2 61.5 67.3

0.6 1.1 2.6 5.4 18.4 27.4 34.6 43.9 51.5 59.0 68.4 74.9 79.5 86.2 89.8 93.5 100.5 105.4 111.6 116.6 120.5 126.4 130.5 133.4 134.8 137.4 137.8 132.9 135.7 137.4 135.2 136.1 0.8 1.5 2.3 2.8 3.6 4.7 6.4 8.1 10.9 13.5 16.9 22.9 27.3 32.6 38.2 48.7 54.4 60.5 67.8 75.1 84.1 89.4 94.4 99.2 108.9 111.8 115.5 116.9 2.6 3.8 5.9 9.7 13.3 20.6 27.8 33.1 41.5 47.2 53.8 59.3 65.7 71.2 81.9 87.0 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.4 1.9 2.1 2.7 3.7 5.4 7.5 10.4 18.0 21.4

206

2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123

1978

1980

1949-2014

?37!!??!dpoujovfe
???!)?* ???? Year 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 4.3 5.6 7.3 8.9 12.1 11.9 14.3 16.0 17.3 19.2 21.3 24.3 26.5 29.8 30.6 32.1 33.6 36.3 38.1 38.4 39.8 44.1 45.4 47.0 46.9 48.0 45.1 39.1 41.7 43.7 44.5 46.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.7 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.8 5.2 4.5 5.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.7 1.2 2.3 5.0 8.1 11.6 16.3 20.0 24.5 30.8 35.8 51.1 61.8 69.8 80.7 87.8 95.1 100.3 106.8 112.1 122.0 126.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.3 1.7 2.3 3.5 4.7 6.4 7.3 8.5 9.8 12.2 16.0 22.6 25.4 93.7 95.4 96.4 94.4 93.3 90.5 82.0 81.9 80.9 69.6 68.4 26.4 34.1 40.8 49.1 54.5 58.4 64.1 68.4 67.0 62.7 60.8 43.1 42.2 1.7 3.3 7.1 19.5 34.0 62.9 90.1 111.4 137.0 152.9 165.2 172.0 181.0 188.9 205.3 212.6 4.3 8.1 13.7 23.7 34.7 50.2 62.1 77.8 96.1 115.2 136.5 179.7 197.8 Camera(set) ???? ?? Urban Households Rural Households ???!)?* Air conditioner(unit) ???? ?? Urban Households Rural Households ???)!????* Fixed Telephone(unit) ???? ?? Urban Households Rural Households ??)!?????* Mobile Telephone(unit) ???? ?? Urban Households Rural Households

207

6 5
???? Year 2:5: 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?38!!?????????? Basic Statistics on Urban Public Utilities
????? ???? )??????0?* Integrated Production Capacity of Tap Water (10 000 cu.m/day) 240.7 266.9 292.5 316.9 352.3 381.5 450.3 615.3 748.5 1020.8 982.7 951.3 1077.3 1722.8 1775.0 1853.0 2081.5 2202.0 2350.0 2530.4 2714.0 2979.0 3258.0 3424.9 3539.0 3960.9 4019.7 10407.9 11363.6 ???????? )??* Length of Water Supply Pipelines (km) 6587 8132 9175 10170 10700 11597 12564 14617 15457 15889 17545 17480 19028 27635 27026 29918 30692 31944 34276 35984 39406 42859 46966 51513 56852 62892 67350 72557 77864 45806 56791 64502 70019 83176 95602 126345 184632 250813 223409 229221 262802 491004 521745 560321 616548 642661 697867 787507 832201 883427 969943 1011319 1065956 1176474 1280238 2773921 2984697 25093 31853 37244 41506 47218 54948 64138 78860 99150 110814 104477 103423 173202 194479 207916 227471 246950 259396 275854 309206 339130 367823 391422 421968 465651 519493 706971 759702 19404 25319 27884 36460 44842 51584 91102 139326 110660 106143 136188 296331 314347 329365 367951 385248 415642 438501 462066 479935 518428 537290 556188 612353 653427 1916119 2063356 118.5 120.6 121.8 127.6 130.4 132.4 138.1 143.3 151.0 161.9 164.1 38.2 42.0 42.0 43.4 43.0 44.3 43.7 47.4 57.4 65.6 62.2 54.0 ?????? )??????* Total Annual Volume of Water Supply (10 000 cu.m) ??? For Residential Use
$

??? For Productive Use

$

??? ????? )?* Daily Water Consumption Per Capita (liter)

208

2:72 2:73 2:74 2:76 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98

1978

1980

1949-2014

?38!!??!2!!dpoujovfe
????? ???? )??????0?* Integrated Production Capacity of Tap Water (10 000 cu.m/day) 12715.8 12821.1 14220.3 14584.0 16036.4 16927.9 18215.1 19250.4 19990.0 20565.8 20991.8 21551.9 21842.0 22900.0 23546.0 23967.1 24753.0 24719.8 26965.6 25708.4 26604.1 27046.8 27601.5 26668.7 27177.3 28373.4 ???????? )??* Length of Water Supply Pipelines (km) 86231 92281 97183 102299 111780 123007 131052 138701 202613 215587 225361 238001 254561 289338 312605 333289 358410 379332 430426 447229 480084 510399 539778 573774 591872 646413 ?????? )??????* Total Annual Volume of Water Supply (10 000 cu.m) 3385847 3936648 3823425 4085073 4298437 4502341 4894620 4815653 4660652 4767788 4704732 4675076 4689838 4661194 4664574 4752548 4902755 5020601 5405246 5019488 5000762 4967467 5078745 5134222 5230326 5373022 ??? For Residential Use 873800 930619 1001021 1159929 1172929 1282543 1422453 1581451 1670673 1757157 1810355 1896225 1999960 2036492 2131919 2246665 2334625 2437374 2220459 2263676 2274266 2334082 2371488 2476520 2572473 2676463
$

???? Year

??? For Productive Use 2345634 2830377 2597906 2701161 2856051 2915384 3136099 2736256 2618145 2575176 2496452 2364756 2279239 2209878 2085609 2069345 2113633 2098008 2217048 1828530 1776630 1668009 1678125 1596521 1592723 1617412

$

??? ????? )?* Daily Water Consumption Per Capita (liter) 170.4 172.4 175.7 196.0 186.0 188.6 194.0 195.4 208.1 213.5 214.1 217.5 220.2 216.0 213.0 210.9 210.8 204.1 188.3 178.4 178.2 176.6 171.4 170.9 171.8 173.5

2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

209

?ǖ3117?????????????????????????????????????????????????????? a) Statistical Reporting Form System on Urban Construction of Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development was revised in 2006, the scope and coverage and calculating of some indicators was adjusted.

6 5
???? Year 2:5: 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?38!!??!3!dpoujovfe
?????? Total Gas Supply ???? ????? ??? )??????* )?*?? )??????* Coal Liquefied Natural Gas Petroleum Gas (10 000 cu.m) Gas (ton) (10 000 cu.m) 3820 9914 11912 14284 15680 18672 20475 25401 39159 47444 53417 49410 54711 69628 124639 136903 139183 148253 152413 160901 172541 182748 195491 199466 208819 214009 231351 244754 23458 31676 50128 82071 137590 138857 194533 243576 290460 330987 388596 456192 535289 601803 21790 79538 69078 68489 58937 93970 90421 49071 168568 162099 ???????? )??* Length of Gas Pipelines (km) 1039 1580 1814 1886 1972 2108 2137 1921 1964 2075 2119 2229 2374 2412 2978 3142 3309 4059 4247 4599 4717 5197 5619 5889 6356 7116 9318 10567 1167 1451 1841 2445 2742 18374 24000 23311 24318 25203 26021 26489 26773 26966 28391 29485 30277 31934 33934 36410 38282 21000 20106 21464 21329 21756 21588 23238 22539 24069 25255 26022 27976 29962 33019 35872 ?!!!!? ???? )??????* Heated Area (10 000 sq.m) ???????? Roads ???? )??* Length of Roads (km) 11129 12291 13272 14178 14929 16404 18259 ?? )??????* Area of Roads (10 000 sq.m) 8432 8979 9767 11037 11774 13030 14422

210

2:72 2:73 2:74 2:76 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96

1978

1980

1949-2014

?38!!??!4!!dpoujovfe
?????? Total Gas Supply ???? ????? ??? )??????* )?*?? )??????* Coal Liquefied Natural Gas Petroleum Gas (10 000 cu.m) Gas (ton) (10 000 cu.m) 337745 686518 667927 841297 1747065 1258088 1495531 1304130 1262712 1266894 1348076 1268944 1675571 1320925 1523615 1369144 1989196 2020883 2137225 2558343 2964500 3223512 3558287 3615507 2799380 847256 769686 627989 1011308 1149116 1730261 1898003 2190334 2423988 2996699 3150296 3664948 4886528 5758374 5786023 7972947 7612684 10537147 9818313 11363884 11263475 11267120 12220141 12636613 14667692 13291072 13400303 12680054 11658326 11148032 11097298 435887 501093 573983 591169 642289 754616 628914 637207 752436 673354 637832 663001 688255 800556 821476 995197 1259334 1416415 1693364 2104951 2447742 3086365 3680393 4050996 4875808 6787997 7950377 9009904 ???????? )??* Length of Gas Pipelines (km) 10399 17115 19214 21297 23628 26235 29418 32841 37282 44000 60000 67764 72612 81482 89458 100479 113823 130211 147949 162109 189491 221083 257846 273461 308680 348965 388941 432377 ?!!!!? ???? )??????* Heated Area (10 000 sq.m) 9907 15282 13883 19386 21263 27651 32832 44164 50992 64645 73433 80755 86540 96775 110766 146329 155567 188956 216266 252056 265853 300591 348948 379574 435668 473784 518368 571677 ???????? Roads ???? )??* Length of Roads (km) 71886 78453 88634 96078 94820 88791 96689 104897 111058 130308 132583 138610 145163 152385 159617 176016 191399 208052 222964 247015 241351 246172 259740 269141 294443 308897 327081 336304 ?? )??????* Area of Roads (10 000 sq.m) 69856 77885 91355 100591 101721 99135 110526 124866 137602 164886 179871 192165 206136 222158 237849 249431 277179 315645 352955 392166 411449 423662 452433 481947 521322 562523 607449 644155

???? Year

2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

211

6 5
???? Year 2:5: 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?38!!??!5!dpoujovfe
?? )?* Number of Bridges (unit) ?????? ???? )??* Length of Drainage Pipelines (km) 6035 7028 7642 8169 8542 9168 10107 ??? ?????? )??????* Treatment Capacity of Waste Water (10 000 cu.m) ?????)?*?? ??????)?* Number of Public Vehicles of Bus, Trolley Bus at the year-end (unit) 2292 3515 4144 4642 4947 5458 6174 7763 8853 9838 10106 9881 12666 12855 5287 5662 5616 5690 5610 5358 5376 5302 5477 5726 6624 6373 6849 7436 15876 16181 17158 18290 18269 18619 19556 20432 21860 23183 24638 26448 28775 31556 10153 11060 15831 18880 18814 21338 22581 23733 25839 29912 32098 34189 36251 38616 41282 42993 3807 4674 5962 5437 10425 25346 110037 121433 135304 146625 159291 1714 1628 2508 3132 2606 3125 3452 3757 4477 1010 834 ???????? ?? )?* Number of Taxis (unit) ??????? ?????? )??* Built District Area of Parks and Green Land (hectare) ???? ??? )??*?? Volume of Garbage Disposal (10 000 tons)

212

2:72 2:73 2:74 2:76 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96

1978

1980

1949-2014

?38!!??!6!!dpoujovfe
?? ???? )?* Year Number of Bridges (unit) 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 17989 20306 21747 19914 24085 25454 28706 32123 29491 31354 31496 32516 34739 38911 47341 50732 51092 52123 54643 48100 49840 51068 52548 53386 57601 59530 ?????? ???? )??* Length of Drainage Pipelines (km) 42549 47107 50678 54510 57787 61601 67672 75207 83647 110293 112812 119739 125943 134486 141758 158128 173042 198645 218881 241056 261379 291933 315220 343892 369553 414074 439080 464878 1022.1 1301.9 1724.4 1726.0 1791.9 1902.9 2463.3 2932.7 3276.5 3769.1 4421.1 4741.0 6215.5 6153.1 6626.4 7387.2 7989.7 9734.0 10336.5 11172.5 12183.9 13392.9 13304.1 13692.9 14652.7 ??? ?????? )??????* Treatment Capacity of Waste Water (10 000 cu.m) ?????)?*?? ??????)?* Number of Public Vehicles of Bus, Trolley Bus at the year-end (unit) 49460 52504 56818 59671 62215 66093 77093 88950 100848 136922 148109 169121 189002 209884 225993 230918 246129 264338 281516 310932 312812 344489 367292 365161 374876 402645 419410 446604 ???????? ?? )?* Number of Taxis (unit) 54712 61525 82010 98508 110697 128281 190345 286207 393315 504040 585369 683687 754247 791411 824931 870023 884195 903381 903734 936973 928647 959668 968811 971579 986190 1002306 1026678 1053580 385056 427766 466197 495696 531088 582952 670131 771730 842865 927064 1040823 1110330 1208448 1338133 1443663 1545985 1635240 1719361 ????? ?????? )??* Built District Area of Parks and Green Land (hectare) 153235 161444 180144 196256 ???? ??? )??*?? Volume of Garbage Disposal (10 000 tons) 5009 5398 5751 6292 6767 7636 8262 8791 9952 10671 10825 10982 11302 11415 11819 13470 13650 14857 15509 15577 14841 15215 15438 15734 15805 16395 17081 17239

213

6 5
???? Year 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9:

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?39!!?????????? Level of National Municipal Public Facilities
?????????? )?0??????* Population Density (person/sq.km) ????????? (%) Water Coverage Rate (%) ????????? (%) Gas Coverage Rate (%) ????? ???????? )??* Motor Vehicle for Public Traffic per 10 000 Persons (standard unit) ???? ?????? )?????* Road Surface Area per Capita (sq. m)

697 426 435 374 466 284 280 281 274 279 302 317 325 324 322 367 440 459 462 442 588 754 847 865 870 2238 2104 2080 2147 2209 2228 2307 2362

53.7 56.7 52.5 49.5 45.1 51.3 50.4 47.6 47.4 48.0 54.8 56.2 55.2 56.0 58.7 60.7 61.2 61.9 63.5 63.9 72.3 77.9 86.2 88.9 91.1 86.7 93.8 94.7 96.1 96.7 97.0 97.2 97.6

11.6 12.6 12.3 13.0 13.0 15.2 16.7 16.5 17.8 19.1 23.7 26.3 27.9 30.4 34.3 38.2 40.0 41.8 43.8 45.4 60.4 67.2 76.7 81.5 82.1 79.1 87.4 89.6 91.4 92.0 92.4 93.2 94.3 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.6 3.8 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.3 6.1 6.7 7.7 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.2 11.1 11.1 11.2 11.8 12.1 12.8

1.8 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.8 4.4 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.9 6.1 7.0 7.9 9.3 10.3 10.9 11.0 11.4 12.2 12.8 13.2 13.8 14.4 14.9

214

2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?39!!??!dpoujovfe
?? ????? (%) ???? Year Wastewater Treatment Rate (%) ???? Landscaping ????? ????? (%) Green Space Rate of Built District (%) ????? ???? )?* Number of Public Lavatories per 10 000 Persons (unit)

???? ?????? )?????* Public Green Space Per Capita (sq. m)

?????? ???? (%) Green Coverage Rate of Built District (%)

2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 14.9 17.3 20.0 17.1 19.7 23.6 25.8 29.6 31.9 34.3 36.4 40.0 42.4 45.7 51.9 55.9 62.9 70.2 75.3 82.3 83.6 87.3 89.3 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.7 4.6 5.4 6.5 7.4 7.9 8.3 9.0 9.7 10.7 11.2 11.8 12.3 12.6 19.1 20.6 21.8 23.0 23.7 24.3 25.8 27.3 27.7 28.5 30.9 31.3 33.3 34.2 34.5 35.3 35.7 35.8 16.9 17.1 17.0 17.8 19.2 20.1 21.0 21.3 22.1 23.9 24.4 25.5 26.6 27.6 28.2 28.4 29.8 31.2 31.7 32.5 35.1 35.3 37.4 38.2 38.6 39.2 39.6 39.7 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.4 3.1 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8

215

6 5
???? Year 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?3:!!?????????? Basic Statistics on Environmental Protection
?????? ?????? )??*?? Industrial Waste Water Discharge (10 000 tons) ?????? ??????? )??*?? Industrial Waste Water Meeting Discharge Standards (10 000 tons) ?????? ????? )???????* Industrial Waste Gas Emission (100 million standard cu.m) ?????? ????? )??*?? Emission of Soot (10 000 tons) ???? ??????? )??*?? Industrial Solid Wastes Generated (10 000 tons) ???? ??? )???* Area of Nature Reserves (10 000 hectares)

216

2335512 2379272 2394396 2387744 2513637 2574009 2602380 2637531 2683886 2520945 2486861 2358687 2338534 2194919 2155111 2218943 2058881 1883296 2004658 1973036 1942405 2026282 2071885 2122527 2211424 2431121 2401946 2466493 2416511 2343857 2374732 2308743 2216000 2098398

700376 820711 886604 940679 987015 1105937 1207153 1238928 1203299 1246092 1182722 1236216 1204858 1196969 1228680 1217033 1164623 1232203 1316043 1493277 1727185 1830394 1892891 2005680 2217093 2178461 2260719 2233986 2208743 2263587

63167 68501 73972 69679 77270 82382 83062 85380 84653 90308 93423 97463 107478 111196 113378 121203 126807 138145 160863 175257 198906 237696 268988 330990 388169 403866 436064 519168 674509 635519 669361

845 870 880 807 838 758 1565 1179 953 953 852 804 846 887 949 865 771 671 604 603

48725 43055 40501 41185 45211 48409 60364 53541 56132 57173 57797 58759 61884 61708 61704 64474 65897 65750 80068 78442 81608 88840 94509 100428 120030 134449 151541 175632 190127 203943 240944 326204 332509 330859

2939 4818

5692 6618 7185 7698 8815 9821 12989 13295 14398 14823 14995 15154 15188 14894 14775 14944 14971 14979 14631

?ǖ2/?2::8????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? !!!!????????!! !!!!3/3122????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? !!!!!?????????????????6?????? a) From 1997, statistical coverage of emission of industrial waste water, waste gas and solid waste are widened, from industrial enterprises with pollution emission at county level and above to those at township level. b) In 2011, Ministry of Environmental Protection revised indicator system, survey method and relevant technical regulation in statistical system, statistical coverage expanded to 5 parts: industrial sources, agricultural sources, urban living sources, motor vehicle, centralized pollution treatment facilities.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?41!!??????????????? Gross Output Value and Composition of Farming, Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery
?????????????????3114?????????????????????????????????? Data in value terms in this table are calculated at current prices. Service value for farming forestry, animal husbandry and fishery has been included since 2003.

???? Year

????????)??* Gross Output Value of Farming, Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery(100 million yuan) ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? Total Farming Forestry Animal Fishery Husbandry 326 384 420 461 510 535 575 610 537 566 497 457 559 584 642 720 833 910 924 928 948 1021 1068 1075 1173 1215 1260 1258 1253 1397 1698 1923 2181 1118 1325 1454 1636 48 61 81 99 209 286 354 402 22 26 33 44 1020 39 178 22 838 29 137 17 684 22 112 15 495 13 64 13 444 18 65 10 396 7 52 6

?? Farming

??)!?????>211* Composition (Total=100) ?? ?? Forestry Animal Husbandry

?? Fishery

2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92

85.9

1.6

11.2

1.3

82.7

3.3

12.2

1.9

84.7

2.2

10.9

2.2

82.2

2.7

13.4

1.8

82.1

2.8

13.4

1.7

217
81.0 3.1 14.2 1.7

80.0 78.1 75.6 75.0

3.4 3.6 4.2 4.5

15.0 16.8 18.4 18.4

1.6 1.5 1.7 2.0

6 5
???? Year 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?41!!??!!dpoujovfe
????????)??* Gross Output Value of Farming, Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery(100 million yuan) ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? Total Farming Forestry Animal Fishery Husbandry 2483 2750 3214 3619 4013 4676 5865 6535 7662 8157 9085 10996 15750 20341 22354 23788 24542 24519 24916 26180 27391 29692 36239 39451 40811 48893 58002 60361 69320 81304 89453 96995 1865 2074 2380 2506 2772 3160 3667 4101 4954 5146 5588 6605 9169 11885 13540 13853 14242 14106 13874 14463 14932 14870 18138 19613 21522 24658 28044 30778 36941 41989 46940 51497 110 127 162 189 201 222 275 285 330 368 423 494 611 710 778 818 851 886 937 939 1033 1240 1327 1426 1611 1862 2153 2193 2595 3121 3447 3902 457 485 587 798 876 1068 1601 1800 1967 2159 2461 3014 4672 6045 6016 6835 7026 6998 7393 7963 8455 9539 12174 13311 12084 16125 20584 19468 20826 25771 27189 28435 51 63 85 126 164 225 322 349 411 483 613 882 1298 1701 2020 2283 2423 2529 2713 2815 2971 3138 3606 4016 3971 4458 5203 5626 6422 7568 8706 9635 ??)!?????>211* Composition (Total=100) ?? ?? Forestry Animal Husbandry 4.4 4.6 5.0 5.2 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.5 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.8 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 18.4 17.6 18.3 22.1 21.8 22.8 27.3 27.6 25.7 26.5 27.1 27.4 29.7 29.7 26.9 28.7 28.6 28.5 29.7 30.4 30.9 32.1 33.6 33.7 29.6 33.0 35.5 22.8 30.0 31.7 30.4 29.3

?? Farming 75.1 75.4 74.1 69.2 69.1 67.6 62.5 62.8 64.7 63.1 61.5 60.1 58.2 58.4 60.6 58.2 58.0 57.5 55.7 55.2 54.5 50.1 50.1 49.7 52.7 50.4 48.4 51.0 53.3 51.6 52.5 53.1

?? Fishery 2.1 2.3 2.6 3.5 4.1 4.8 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.2 8.4 9.0 9.6 9.9 10.3 10.9 10.8 10.8 10.6 9.9 10.2 9.7 9.1 9.0 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7 9.9

218

2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?42!!???????????? Indices of Gross Output Value of Farming, Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery
??????????)??>211* Indices of Gross Output of Farming,Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery(preceding year=100) $ $ $ $ ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? Total Farming Forestry Animal Fishery Husbandry 102.4 103.3 108.4 106.4 105.6 102.5 86.4 87.4 97.6 106.2 111.6 113.5 108.1 108.7 101.6 97.4 101.2 111.6 103.0 99.8 108.4 104.2 104.6 102.5 101.7 94.9 107.6 101.4 106.5 111.3 107.8 100.7 102.9 110.9 105.5 102.9 102.6 85.4 87.8 98.8 103.3 107.5 113.4 111.2 105.9 101.9 97.1 100.2 117.0 96.6 97.3 109.5 103.8 102.8 98.1 99.0 109.8 106.7 99.7 106.8 110.9 108.5 103.4 113.3 135.3 191.3 105.7 150.5 108.6 91.4 50.4 104.3 126.0 113.0 115.4 104.2 104.0 103.8 103.7 114.3 101.3 109.0 109.6 109.3 102.2 115.6 98.1 105.5 101.3 112.2 104.1 108.5 110.2 112.1 105.8 90.7 106.6 125.7 94.3 64.1 59.7 128.1 139.5 143.6 118.8 109.0 109.8 100.8 97.5 98.9 105.0 108.0 103.5 102.4 101.3 103.5 102.2 100.3 104.9 114.6 107.0 105.9 113.4 103.9 107.7 114.3 131.3 81.0 170.6 175.9 176.5 126.7 68.4 98.7 114.3 104.5 109.8 105.0 99.1 92.4 110.3 101.9 109.2 109.2 102.4 108.8 103.2 101.0 105.2 100.0 96.6 107.7 104.4 112.3 108.6 ??????????)2:63>211* Indices of Gross Output of Farming,Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery(1952=100) $ $ $ $ ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? Total Farming Forestry Animal Fishery Husbandry 102.4 105.7 114.6 121.9 128.7 131.9 113.9 99.5 97.1 103.2 115.2 130.8 141.4 153.7 156.2 152.2 153.9 171.8 176.9 176.6 191.4 199.3 208.6 213.8 217.4 206.2 221.8 224.9 239.5 266.5 287.2 100.7 103.6 114.9 121.3 124.8 128.0 109.4 96.0 94.9 98.0 105.4 119.5 132.9 140.8 143.5 139.4 139.6 163.3 157.7 153.4 168.1 174.4 179.4 176.0 174.2 191.3 204.2 203.6 217.4 241.2 261.7 103.4 117.2 158.6 303.4 320.7 482.8 524.1 479.3 241.4 251.7 317.2 358.6 413.8 431.0 448.3 465.5 482.8 551.7 558.6 608.9 667.1 729.4 745.5 862.0 846.0 892.2 904.2 1014.8 1056.6 1146.8 1263.9 112.1 118.6 107.5 114.6 144.1 135.9 87.1 52.0 66.6 92.9 133.4 158.5 172.7 189.6 191.0 186.2 184.1 193.3 208.8 216.1 221.3 224.3 232.2 237.4 238.0 249.8 286.3 306.4 324.4 368.0 382.5 107.7 123.1 161.5 130.8 223.1 392.3 692.3 876.9 600.0 592.3 676.9 707.7 776.9 815.4 807.7 746.2 823.1 838.5 915.4 999.7 1023.8 1114.1 1150.3 1162.3 1222.5 1222.5 1180.4 1270.7 1326.4 1490.1 1617.8

???? Year

2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94

219

6 5
???? Year Total 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?42!!??!!dpoujovfe
??????????)??>211* Indices of Gross Output of Farming,Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery(preceding year=100) $ $ $ $ ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? Farming 111.5 99.8 102.7 106.4 101.3 102.5 108.0 100.9 104.2 105.2 103.2 107.9 107.8 104.5 104.9 104.3 101.4 103.6 103.9 100.5 108.5 104.1 105.4 104.0 104.8 103.8 104.1 105.6 104.4 104.4 Forestry 119.0 104.5 96.4 99.7 102.3 100.4 103.1 108.0 107.7 108.0 108.9 105.0 105.7 103.3 102.9 103.2 105.4 99.3 107.1 106.9 102.0 103.2 105.6 106.9 108.1 107.1 106.5 107.6 106.7 107.3 Animal Husbandry 113.4 117.2 105.6 103.2 112.6 105.5 107.0 108.8 108.8 110.8 116.7 114.8 111.4 110.1 107.4 104.6 106.3 106.3 106.0 107.3 107.2 107.8 105.0 102.3 106.8 105.8 104.1 101.7 105.2 102.0 Fishery 117.6 118.9 120.6 118.1 111.6 107.2 110.0 107.6 115.3 118.4 120.0 119.4 114.0 111.5 108.8 107.2 106.5 103.9 106.1 105.3 106.0 106.5 106.0 104.8 106.0 105.8 105.5 104.5 105.1 105.2 ??????????)2:63>211* Indices of Gross Output of Farming,Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery(1952=100) $ $ $ $ ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? Total 322.4 333.4 344.7 364.7 379.0 390.8 420.5 436.0 463.0 500.0 543.0 602.2 658.9 703.2 745.0 779.7 807.8 842.0 883.6 918.9 987.8 1044.1 1100.7 1143.2 1208.7 1264.3 1320.2 1379.0 1446.8 1504.2 Farming 291.7 291.2 299.1 318.3 322.4 330.4 356.7 360.1 375.3 394.9 407.5 439.7 474.0 495.2 519.6 542.0 549.6 569.4 591.6 591.6 641.9 668.2 704.2 731.7 766.7 796.0 828.3 875.0 913.5 953.5 Forestry 1504.4 1572.1 1516.2 1512.3 1547.5 1553.0 1601.1 1728.5 1861.1 2010.4 2189.3 2298.8 2428.1 2508.7 2582.0 2664.6 2808.5 2788.4 2985.6 3194.6 3258.5 3362.8 3550.5 3795.6 4102.1 4395.3 4681.9 5037.5 5374.0 5768.5 Animal Husbandry 433.6 508.2 536.6 553.8 623.8 658.3 704.4 766.5 834.1 923.8 1078.1 1237.7 1379.0 1518.3 1629.9 1704.0 1811.4 1924.8 2040.5 2183.3 2340.5 2523.1 2649.3 2718.2 2901.7 3069.9 3195.5 3250.2 3420.0 3488.6 Fishery 1902.8 2263.0 2728.1 3221.0 3595.3 3852.7 4238.2 4562.1 5260.5 6222.5 7467.0 8915.6 10161.8 11331.4 12328.6 13215.0 14074.0 14622.3 15518.0 16293.9 17271.5 18394.1 19496.5 20451.8 21671.7 22927.1 24198.4 25286.6 26588.4 27971.3

112.3 103.4 103.4 105.8 103.9 103.1 107.6 103.7 106.4 107.8 108.6 110.9 109.4 106.7 106.0 104.7 103.6 104.2 104.9 104.0 107.5 105.7 105.4 103.9 105.7 104.6 104.4 104.5 104.9 104.0

220

2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?43!!???????? Production Condition for Agriculture
?????? ???? Year )???* Cultivated Land (1 000 hectares) 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 97881.3 100356.0 103671.3 107918.7 108528.7 109354.7 110156.7 111824.7 111830.0 106900.7 104579.3 104861.3 103310.7 102903.3 102726.7 103312.0 103594.0 102958.0 102564.0 101553.3 101460.0 101134.7 100699.3 100614.7 100212.7 99912.0 99708.0 99388.0 99247.3 99389.3 99498.0 99305.3 99037.3 98606.0 98359.3 97854.0 ???? ???? )???* Total Sown Area (1 000 hectares) 124286.0 128826.0 132860.0 141256.0 144035.3 147925.3 151081.3 159172.7 157244.0 151994.7 142404.7 150642.0 143214.0 140228.7 140218.0 143531.3 143290.7 146828.7 144942.7 139827.3 140944.0 143487.3 145684.0 147918.7 148547.3 148635.3 149545.3 149722.7 149333.3 150104.1 148476.9 146379.5 145157.1 144754.6 143993.5 144221.3 ???? ????? )???* Total Power of Agricultural Machinery (10 000 kw) ???? ?? )???* Irrigated Area (1 000 hectares) ??????? )??*?? Consumption of Chemical Fertilizers (10 000 tons) ??????? )?????* Electricity Consumed in Rural Areas (100 million kwh)

$

???? Grain Crops

109959.0 114406.0 117769.0 123979.0 126637.0 128995.0 129839.0 136339.0 133633.0 127613.0 116023.0 122429.0 121443.0 121621.0 120741.0 122103.0 119627.0 120988.0 119230.0 116157.0 117604.0 119267.0 120846.0 121209.0 121156.0 120976.0 121062.0 120743.0 120400.0 120587.2 119262.7 117234.3 114957.7 113462.4 114047.2 112883.9 4782.9 5930.3 7478.6 8629.6 10261.7 11749.9 13379.5 14745.7 15680.1 16614.2 18021.9 19497.2 2165.3 36000.0 36441.0 38005.0 39223.0 41269.0 43284.0 44981.0 44999.0 44965.0 45003.1 44888.1 44573.8 44176.9 44644.1 44453.0 351.2 364.7 420.7 511.1 485.8 536.9 582.8 648.0 884.0 1086.3 1269.4 1334.9 1513.4 1659.8 1739.8 95.7 104.5 132.8 139.9 156.1 183.1 204.8 221.9 253.1 282.7 320.8 369.9 396.9 435.2 464.0 1098.8 757.0 121.4 27339.0 32791.0 35010.0 35083.0 32078.0 30545.0 30060.0 31518.0 33055.0 37.3 54.6 53.8 66.2 44.8 63.0 104.3 129.0 194.2 1.4 2.4 3.8 6.9 10.3 16.1 24.3 27.8 37.1 18.4 19959.0 7.8 0.5

221

6 5
???? Year 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?43!!??!!dpoujovfe
?????? )???* Cultivated Land (1 000 hectares) 96846.0 96230.0 95888.7 95722.0 95656.0 95672.7 95653.3 95426.0 95101.3 94906.7 94970.9 130039.2 130039.2 130039.2 130039.2 130039.2 130039.2 130039.2 130039.2 130039.2 130039.2 121735.6 121735.2 121715.9 ???? ???? )???* Total Sown Area (1 000 hectares) 143625.9 144204.0 144956.5 144868.9 146553.9 148362.3 149585.8 149007.1 147740.7 148240.6 149879.3 152380.6 153969.2 155705.7 156372.8 156299.8 155707.9 154635.5 152415.0 153552.5 155487.7 152149.5 153463.9 156265.7 158613.5 160674.8 162283.2 163415.7 135157.3 164626.9 ???? ????? )???* Total Power of Agricultural Machinery (10 000 kw) 20912.5 22950.0 24836.0 26575.0 28067.0 28707.7 29388.6 30308.4 31816.6 33802.5 36118.1 38546.9 42015.6 45207.7 48996.1 52573.6 55172.1 57929.9 60386.5 64027.9 68397.8 72522.1 76589.6 82190.4 87496.1 92780.5 97734.7 102559.0 103906.8 ???? ?? )???* Irrigated Area (1 000 hectares) 44035.9 44225.8 44403.0 44375.9 44917.2 47403.1 47822.1 48590.1 48727.9 48759.1 49281.2 50381.4 51238.5 52295.6 53158.4 53820.3 54249.4 54354.9 54014.2 54478.4 55029.3 55750.5 56518.3 58471.7 59261.4 60347.7 61681.6 62490.5 63473.3 ??????? )??*?? Consumption of Chemical Fertilizers (10 000 tons) 1775.8 1930.6 1999.3 2141.5 2357.1 2590.3 2805.1 2930.2 3151.9 3317.9 3593.7 3827.9 3980.7 4083.7 4124.3 4146.4 4253.8 4339.4 4411.6 4636.6 4766.2 4927.7 5107.8 5239.0 5404.4 5561.7 5704.2 5838.8 5911.9 ??????? )?????* Electricity Consumed in Rural Areas (100 million kwh) 508.9 586.7 658.8 712.0 790.5 844.5 963.2 1107.1 1244.9 1473.9 1655.7 1812.7 1980.1 2042.1 2173.4 2421.3 2610.8 2993.4 3432.9 3933.0 4375.7 4895.8 5509.9 5713.2 6104.4 6632.3 7139.6 7508.5 8549.5

$

???? Grain Crops

108845.1 110932.6 111267.8 110122.6 112204.7 113465.9 112313.6 110559.7 110508.7 109543.7 110060.4 112547.9 112912.1 113787.4 113161.0 108462.5 106080.0 103890.8 99410.4 101606.0 104278.4 104957.7 105638.4 106792.6 108985.7 109876.1 110573.0 111204.6 111955.6

222

2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

?ǖ2::7.3116???????!)???*???????????????????????????????????????????????? !!!!???2::7?21?42???????3117??????????? a) Data of cultivated land(total area) come from the "Communique of Main Data on Land Use Survey" issued by the Ministry of Land and Resources, National Bureau of Statistics, and National Agricultural Census Office of China from 1996 to 2005. Data are at Oct.31,1996. Data are from the Ministry of Land and Resources since 2006.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?44!!?????????? Yield of Major Farm Crops, Forest Products, Livestock Products and Aquatic Products
????ǖ???? ???? Year ?? Grain 11318.0 13212.5 14368.5 16391.5 16683.0 16951.5 18393.5 19274.5 19504.5 19765.0 16968.0 14384.5 13650.0 15441.0 17000.0 18750.0 19452.5 21400.0 21782.0 20905.5 21097.0 23995.5 25014.0 24048.0 26493.5 27527.0 28451.5 28630.5 28272.5 30476.5 33211.5 32055.5 32502.0 35450.0 ?? Cotton 44.4 69.2 103.1 130.4 117.5 106.5 151.8 144.5 164.0 196.9 170.9 106.3 80.0 75.0 120.0 166.3 209.8 233.7 235.4 235.4 207.9 227.7 210.5 195.8 256.2 246.1 238.1 205.5 204.9 216.7 220.7 270.7 296.8 359.8 ?? Oil-Bearing Crops 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 256.4 297.2 362.0 419.3 385.6 430.5 482.7 508.6 419.6 477.0 410.4 194.1 181.4 200.3 245.8 336.8 362.5 391.9 398.5 343.2 333.1 377.2 411.3 411.8 418.6 441.4 452.1 400.8 401.7 521.8 643.5 769.1 1020.5 1181.7 ??? Jute and Ambary Hemp 3.7 7.9 25.0 30.6 13.8 13.7 25.7 25.8 30.1 26.7 22.6 20.2 12.3 13.2 19.8 23.5 27.9 34.9 39.8 39.6 34.4 34.1 30.4 37.9 55.8 63.0 69.9 73.1 86.1 108.8 108.9 109.8 126.0 106.0 283.3 337.8 498.9 759.5 771.4 958.1 970.6 1030.1 1189.3 1563.1 1214.7 985.5 506.5 378.2 832.0 1346.5 1537.5 1403.5 1524.1 1249.6 1288.3 1556.0 1526.4 1873.8 1964.3 1872.1 1914.3 1956.3 2020.8 2381.9 2461.3 2911.3 3602.8 4359.4 4.1 6.5 7.9 8.2 8.5 9.2 10.8 12.1 11.2 13.5 15.2 13.6 7.9 7.4 8.4 9.2 10.1 10.6 11.3 11.8 12.2 13.6 15.3 17.0 18.2 19.8 21.1 23.3 25.2 26.8 27.7 30.4 34.3 39.7 374.5 386.3 444.2 518.2 515.3 538.1 540.4 568.5 657.0 701.5 679.3 780.1 771.3 323.9 120.0 132.5 156.4 244.3 296.9 297.8 255.0 310.5 324.7 390.0 425.0 397.7 284.1 271.2 287.6 ?? Sugar ?? Tea ?? Fruits (10 000 tons) ?? Vegetable

223

?ǖ3114?????????????????????? a) Data of output of fruit after 2003 include yield of melon and fruit.

6 5
????ǖ???? ???? Year 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?44!!??!2!!dpoujovfe
(10 000 tons) ?? Grain ?? Cotton ?? Oil-Bearing Crops 38727.5 40730.5 37910.8 39151.2 40297.7 39408.1 40754.9 44624.3 43529.3 44265.8 45648.8 44510.1 46661.8 50453.5 49417.1 51229.5 50838.6 46217.5 45263.7 45705.8 43069.5 46946.9 48402.2 49804.2 50160.3 52870.9 53082.1 54647.7 57120.8 58958.0 60193.8 463.7 625.8 414.7 354.0 424.5 414.9 378.8 450.8 567.5 450.8 373.9 434.1 476.8 420.3 460.3 450.1 382.9 441.7 532.4 491.6 486.0 632.4 571.4 753.3 762.4 749.2 637.7 596.1 659.8 683.6 629.9 1055.0 1191.0 1578.4 1473.8 1527.8 1320.3 1295.2 1613.2 1638.3 1641.2 1803.9 1989.6 2250.3 2210.6 2157.4 2313.9 2601.2 2954.8 2864.9 2897.2 2811.0 3065.9 3077.1 2640.3 2568.7 2952.8 3154.3 3230.1 3306.8 3436.8 3517.0 ??? Jute and Ambary Hemp 101.9 149.2 411.9 142.0 113.7 107.8 66.0 72.6 51.3 61.9 67.2 35.5 37.1 36.5 43.0 24.8 16.4 12.6 10.6 15.9 10.0 8.7 8.3 8.7 9.9 8.4 7.5 6.9 7.5 6.8 6.1 4032.3 4780.4 6046.8 5852.5 5550.4 6187.5 5803.8 7214.5 8418.7 8808.0 7624.2 7345.2 7940.1 8360.2 9386.5 9790.4 8334.1 7635.3 8655.1 10292.7 9641.6 9570.7 9451.9 10460.0 12188.2 13419.6 12276.6 12008.5 12516.5 13485.4 13746.1 40.1 41.4 43.2 46.0 50.8 54.5 53.5 54.0 54.2 56.0 60.0 58.8 58.8 59.3 61.3 66.5 67.6 68.3 70.2 74.5 76.8 83.5 93.5 102.8 116.5 125.8 135.9 147.5 162.3 179.0 192.4 948.7 984.5 1163.9 1347.7 1667.9 1666.1 1831.9 1874.4 2176.1 2440.1 3011.2 3499.8 4214.6 4652.8 5089.3 5452.9 6237.6 6225.1 6658.0 6952.0 14517.4 15340.9 16120.1 17102.0 18136.3 19220.2 20395.5 21401.4 22768.2 24056.8 25093.0 25726.7 30123.1 35962.4 38491.9 40513.5 44467.0 48422.4 52860.6 54032.3 55064.7 56451.5 53953.1 56452.0 59240.3 61823.8 65099.4 67929.7 70883.1 73512.0 ?? Sugar ?? Tea ?? Fruits ?? Vegetable

224

2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?44!!??!3!dpoujovfe
?? ???? Year )??????* Lumber )??*?? Output of Meat ????
$

?? ????
$

???? ?? )??*?? Poultry Eggs

????? ???? Seawater Aquatic Products ?????? Freshwater Aquatic Products

Output of Pork,Beef and Mutton

)??*?? Milk

Cow Milk

(10 000 cu.m) (10 000 tons) 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 5162 5439 5359 4942 1062.4 1205.4 1260.9 797.0 780.5 780.0 865.3 797.0 1205.4 1260.9 596.5 551.0 194.0 398.5 338.5

(10 000 tons)

)??*?? Total Aquatic Products (10 000 tons) (10 000 tons) 44.8 91.0 133.0 166.6 190.0 229.0 252.0 265.0 311.6 281.0 309.0 304.0 231.0 228.3 261.0 280.0 298.4 310.0 305.0 271.0 290.0 318.5 350.0 384.0 393.0 428.0

55.0 81.0 106.0 122.0 139.0 166.0 171.0 193.7 171.0 186.0 187.0 143.0 149.8 176.0 188.0 201.4 218.0 219.0 192.0 205.0 228.1 256.0 291.0 291.0 325.0 334.7 342.0 362.0 359.5 318.9 325.7 323.2

36.0 52.0 60.6 68.0 90.0 86.0 94.0 117.9 110.0 123.0 117.0 88.0 78.5 85.0 92.0 97.0 92.0 86.0 79.0 85.0 90.4 94.0 93.0 102.0 103.0 106.5 106.0 108.0 105.9 111.6 124.0 137.3

225

88.9

441.2 448.0 470.0

88.3 106.5 114.1 129.1

465.4 430.5 449.7 460.6

6 5
???? Year 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?44!!??!4!!dpoujovfe
?? )??????* Lumber ????
$

?? ????
$

???? ?? )??*?? Poultry Eggs

????? ???? Seawater Aquatic Products 359.3 361.7 394.4 419.7 475.4 548.2 605.7 661.2 713.3 800.1 933.7 1076.0 1241.5 1439.1 2012.9 1888.1 2044.5 2145.3 2203.9 2233.5 2298.5 2332.8 2404.5 2465.9 2509.6 2550.9 2598.3 2681.6 2797.5 2908.0 3033.3 3138.8 ?????? Freshwater Aquatic Products 156.2 184.1 225.0 285.4 348.2 407.2 455.2 490.5 523.7 550.7 623.5 747.0 901.7 1078.1 1275.2 1230.5 1338.1 1424.9 1502.3 1562.4 1656.4 1744.2 1842.1 1954.0 2074.0 2196.6 2297.3 2434.8 2575.5 2695.2 2874.3 3033.2

)??*?? Output of Meat

Output of Pork,Beef and Mutton 1350.8 1402.1 1540.6 1760.7 1917.1 1986.0 2193.6 2326.2 2513.5 2723.8 2940.6 3225.3 3692.7 3304.0 3694.7 4249.9 4598.2 4762.3 4743.2 4832.1 4928.4 5089.8 5234.3 5473.5 5591.0 5283.8 5614.0 5915.7 6123.1 6101.0 6405.9 6574.4

)??*?? Milk

Cow Milk

(10 000 cu.m) (10 000 tons) 5041 5232 6385 6323 6502 6408 6218 5802 5571 5807 6174 6392 6615 6767 6710 6395 5966 5237 4724 4552 4436 4759 5197 5560 6612 6977 8108 7068 8090 8146 8175 8438 1350.8 1402.1 1540.6 1926.5 2112.4 2215.5 2479.5 2628.5 2857.0 3144.4 3430.7 3841.5 4499.3 4076.4 4584.0 5268.8 5723.8 5949.0 6013.9 6105.8 6234.3 6443.3 6608.7 6938.9 7089.0 6865.7 7278.7 7649.7 7925.8 7965.1 8387.2 8535.0

(10 000 tons) 161.8 184.5 218.6 289.4 332.9 378.8 418.9 435.8 475.1 524.3 563.9 563.7 608.9 672.8 735.8 681.1 745.4 806.9 919.1 1122.9 1400.4 1848.6 2368.4 2864.8 3302.5 3633.4 3731.5 3677.7 3748.0 3810.7 3875.4 3649.5 249.9 289.9 330.1 366.0 381.3 415.7 464.6 503.1 498.6 528.8 576.4 629.4 601.1 662.9 717.6 827.4 1025.5 1299.8 1746.3 2260.6 2753.4 3193.4 3525.2 3555.8 3518.8 3575.6 3657.8 3743.6 3531.4

)??*?? Total Aquatic Products (10 000 tons) (10 000 tons) 280.9 332.3 431.6 534.7 555.0 590.2 695.5 719.8 794.6 922.0 1019.9 1179.8 1479.0 1676.7 1965.2 1897.1 2021.3 2134.7 2182.0 2210.1 2265.7 2333.1 2370.6 2438.1 2424.0 2529.0 2702.2 2742.5 2762.7 2811.4 2861.2 2876.1 515.5 545.8 619.3 705.2 823.6 955.3 1060.9 1151.7 1237.0 1350.8 1557.1 1823.0 2143.2 2517.2 3288.1 3118.6 3382.7 3570.1 3706.2 3795.9 3954.9 4077.0 4246.6 4419.9 4583.6 4747.5 4895.6 5116.4 5373.0 5603.2 5907.7 6172.0

226

2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?45!!??????????? Areas Covered and Affected by Natural Disaster
????ǖ??? ???? ???? Year Areas Covered 10637 14240 9137 23415 21451 19993 22191 29149 30963 44629 65455 61749 37175 32651 21639 20804 24207 6441 9974 31051 40458 36493 38647 35379 42499 52021 50807 39367 50025 39786 33133 Areas Affected 5122 3775 4433 7079 12593 7869 15329 14983 7821 13728 24977 28834 17286 20023 12635 11223 9757 895 3295 7445 17177 7618 6526 10239 11437 15159 24457 15790 29777 18743 16117 ?????? ??????? ????& Percentage of Disaster Areas Affected to Areas Covered(%) 48.2 26.5 48.5 30.2 58.7 39.4 69.1 51.4 25.3 30.8 38.2 46.7 46.5 61.3 58.4 53.9 40.3 13.9 33.0 24.0 42.5 20.9 16.9 28.9 26.9 29.1 48.1 40.1 59.5 47.1 48.6 ?? Flood ???? Areas Covered 6559 4173 2794 7409 16131 5247 14377 8083 4279 4813 10155 8871 9810 14071 14933 5587 2513 1885 3129 3989 4083 6235 6399 6817 4197 9095 3109 6757 9687 8625 8361 ?????? Areas Affected 4710 1476 1844 3198 11305 3073 10991 6032 1441 1817 4975 5395 6318 10479 10038 2813 950 333 1234 1481 1259 2577 2296 3467 1327 4989 2012 2868 6070 3973 4397 (1 000 hectares) ?? Drought ???? Areas Covered 2398 7829 4236 8616 2988 13433 3127 17205 22361 33807 38125 37847 20808 16865 4219 13631 20015 4076 5723 25049 30699 27202 25553 24832 27492 29852 32641 24646 21901 25693 20697 ?????? Areas Affected 412 2299 2589 675 259 4139 2063 7400 5031 11173 16177 18654 8691 9021 1423 8107 8106 533 1931 5319 13605 3928 2737 5318 7848 7006 16564 9316 14174 12134 9972

2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93

227

6 5
????ǖ??? ???? Year 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?45!!??!!dpoujovfe
(1 000 hectares) ?? Drought ?????? Areas Affected 5747 5395 8949 5601 4104 6128 5917 5605 14614 4463 8608 10744 7604 10855 5839 13785 5071 4321 3614 7388 12289 3747 6047 4569 5105 3656 3162 7024 2840 4145 4859 ???? Areas Covered 16089 15819 22989 31042 24920 32904 29358 18175 24914 32981 21097 30423 23455 20152 33516 14236 30156 40541 38472 22124 24852 17253 16028 20738 29386 12137 29259 13259 16304 9340 14100 ?????? Areas Affected 7586 7015 10063 14765 13033 15303 15262 7805 10559 17047 8656 17050 10402 6247 20012 5060 16614 26784 23698 13174 14470 8482 8479 13411 16170 6798 13197 8987 6599 3509 5852

????

??????

Areas Covered 34713 31887 44365 47135 42086 50874 46991 38474 55472 51332 48827 55046 45824 46991 53427 50145 49980 54688 52215 46946 54506 37106 38818 41091 48992 39990 47214 37426 32471 24962 31350

Areas Affected 16209 15607 22705 23656 20393 24503 24449 17819 27814 25893 23134 31382 22268 21234 30307 25181 26734 34374 31793 27160 32516 16297 19966 24632 25064 22283 21234 18538 12441 11475 14303

??????? ????& Percentage of Disaster Areas Affected to Areas Covered(%) 46.7 48.9 51.2 50.2 48.5 48.2 52.0 46.3 50.1 50.4 47.4 57.0 48.6 45.2 56.7 50.2 53.5 62.9 60.9 57.9 59.7 43.9 51.4 59.9 51.2 55.7 45.0 49.5 38.3 46.0 45.6

?? Flood ???? Areas Covered 12162 10632 14197 9155 8686 11949 11328 11804 24596 9422 16390 17328 12734 18147 11415 22292 9020 7323 6042 12288 19208 7314 10932 8003 10463 6477 7613 17525 6863 7730 8757

228

2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

1978

1980

1949-2014

?46!!???????????? Main Indicators of Industrial Enterprises
?!!??? Year ???? ????? )??* Number of Industrial Enterprises (10 000 units) 34.84 35.50 37.73 38.15 38.86 39.25 43.72 46.32 49.93 49.36 50.00 50.54 50.44 50.48 50.21 52.01 53.18 59.21 57.88 53.44 16.51 16.20 16.29 17.13 18.16 3964 4233 4538 4905 5299 5783 6972 8149 9490 11149 13553 15953 18804 28321 46601 62583 79234 90016 103400 108822 116969 126211 135403 146218 10842 11545 14575 16245 20055 3999 4459 4644 5059 5585 6379 7899 8963 10890 14001 15847 16793 20597 25866 38084 42399 52936 57970 63451 64149 69852 84152 93733 109486 ???? )??* Total Assets (100 million yuan) ??????? )??* Total Export (100 million yuan) ?????? )??* Revenue from Principal Business (100 million yuan) ?????? )??* Total Profits (100 million yuan) 599 654 692 682 704 772 852 944 878 1005 1190 1000 560 643 972 1603 1797 1635 1490 1703 1458 2288 4393 4733 5784 367 399 437 464 534 727 788 888 1099 1275 1386 1591 1828 2321 3139 3415 3657 4037 4064 4414 5119 5572 6238 ?????? )??* Total Tax (100 million yuan)

2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113

229

6 5
?!!??? Year 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?46!!??!!dpoujovfe
???? ????? )??* Number of Industrial Enterprises (10 000 units) 19.62 21.95 27.18 30.20 33.68 42.61 43.44 45.29 32.56 34.38 35.25 ???? )??* Total Assets (100 million yuan) 168808 195262 244784 291215 353037 431306 493693 592882 675797 768421 850626 ??????? )??* Total Export (100 million yuan) 26942 36841 47741 60560 73393 82498 72052 89910 99612 106610 113471 ?????? )??* Revenue from Principal Business (100 million yuan) 143172 187815 248544 313592 399717 500020 542522 697744 841830 929292 1029150 ?????? )??* Total Profits (100 million yuan) 8337 11342 14803 19504 27155 30562 34542 53050 61396 61910 62831 ?????? )??* Total Tax (100 million yuan) 7537 8864 11518 14454 18422 23968 26486 33656 38972 44029 45748

230

3119

311:

3121

3122

3123

3124

?ǖ2/????????ǖ2::8?????????????????????????2::9.3117???????????????611????? !!!!!??????????3118.3121??????????611?????????????3122?????????????????3111?? !!!!!???????? !!!!3/???????2::3???????????????? !!!!4/?????????3114???????????????? !!!!5/3124????????? a) Statistical coverage of this table: industrial enterprises of independence accounting at county level and above before 1997, all state-owned and non-state owned industrial enterprises with sales revenue over 5 million yuan from 1998 to 2006, and industrial enterprises with principal business over 5 million yuan from 2007 to 2010, and industrial enterprises with principal business over 20 million yuan since 2011. b) Total assets referred to total funds before 1992. c) Revenue from principal business referred to sales revenue of products before 2003. d) Data of 2013 are preliminary statistics.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?47!!?????????????? Main Indicators on Economic Benefit of Industrial Enterprises
?????? ???? Year (%) Ratio of Assets to Industrial Output Value (%) 2::9 7.1 7.45 9.00 8.91 9.45 10.50 11.01 11.82 12.74 14.09 13.96 13.44 15.68 16.09 15.11 15.00 ????? (%) Assets-Liability Ratio (%) 63.7 61.83 60.81 58.97 58.72 58.96 57.97 57.81 57.46 57.48 57.71 57.88 57.41 58.10 57.96 57.81 ?????????? )?0?* Turnover of Working Capital (times/year) 1.4 1.47 1.62 1.66 1.80 2.00 2.19 2.35 2.50 2.63 2.67 2.43 2.50 2.62 2.57 2.67 ??????????? (%) Ratio of Profits to Industrial Cost (%) 2.4 3.42 5.56 5.35 5.62 6.28 6.43 6.42 6.74 7.43 6.61 6.91 8.31 7.71 7.11 6.60

2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

231

6 5
???? Year 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?48!!?????????? Output of Major Industrial Products
?!!? )??*?? Coal (100 million tons) 0.32 0.43 0.53 0.66 0.70 0.84 0.98 1.10 1.31 2.70 3.69 3.97 2.78 2.20 2.17 2.15 2.32 2.52 2.06 2.20 2.66 3.54 3.92 4.10 4.17 4.13 4.82 ?!!? ??? )??*?? )??????* Crude Oil Natural Gas (10 000 tons) 12 20 31 44 62 79 97 116 146 226 373 520 531 575 648 848 1131 1455 1388 1599 2174 3065 3941 4567 5361 6485 7706 (100 million cu.m) 0.07 0.07 0.03 0.08 0.11 0.15 0.17 0.26 0.70 1.10 2.90 10.40 14.70 12.10 10.20 10.60 11.00 13.40 14.60 14.00 19.60 28.70 37.40 48.40 59.80 75.30 88.50 ?!!? )??*?? Salt (10 000 tons) 299.00 246.00 435.00 495.00 357.00 489.00 754.00 494.00 828.00 1040.00 1106.00 1287.00 1113.00 994.00 1056.00 501.00 1147.00 998.00 1043.00 1325.00 966.00 1109.00 1235.00 1386.00 1076.00 1456.00 1481.00 ????? ?!!? )??*?? )??* Refined Sugar Cigarettes (10 000 tons) 20.00 24.00 30.00 45.00 64.00 69.00 72.00 81.00 86.00 90.00 110.00 44.00 39.00 34.00 44.00 107.00 146.00 159.00 148.00 151.00 121.00 135.00 141.00 155.00 191.00 184.00 174.00 (100 million pieces) 160.00 185.00 200.00 265.00 355.00 373.00 357.00 391.00 446.00 475.00 550.00 449.00 254.00 244.00 323.00 413.00 478.00 540.00 490.00 521.00 677.00 783.00 701.00 745.00 846.00 872.00 992.00 ? )??*?? Yarn (10 000 tons) 32.70 43.70 48.70 65.60 74.50 83.40 72.00 95.20 84.40 126.20 153.10 109.30 66.90 54.80 67.80 97.00 130.00 156.50 135.20 137.70 180.50 205.20 190.00 188.60 196.70 180.30 210.80 ?????? )??*?? Machine-made Paper and (100 Paperboards million m) (10 000 tons) 18.90 25.20 30.60 38.30 46.90 52.30 43.60 57.70 50.50 64.60 75.70 54.50 31.10 25.30 33.40 47.10 62.80 73.10 65.60 64.40 82.10 91.50 84.20 83.50 87.10 80.80 94.00 11.00 14.00 24.00 37.00 43.00 52.00 58.00 73.00 91.00 122.00 170.00 180.00 110.00 112.00 128.00 145.00 173.00 209.00 196.00 177.00 217.00 241.00 263.00 282.00 313.00 299.00 341.00 ? )??* Cloth

232

2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86

?ǖ2/?????????????-?????? !!!!3/?????????????? !!!!4/?????2::8??????????????????2::9.3115?????????? !!!!5/??3114?????????????? a) Coal includes anthracite, bituminous coal and lignite, but does not include stone coal. b) Crude oil includes natural and synthetic crude oil. c) Machined-made sugar was called sugar in 1997 and before, in which the homemade sugar was included.1998-2004 was called machine-made sugar. d) Unit of cigarettes in 2003 and before was 10 000 boxes.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?48!!??!2!!dpoujovfe
?!!? )??*?? Coal (100 million tons) 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 4.83 5.50 6.18 6.35 6.20 6.22 6.66 7.15 7.89 8.72 8.94 9.28 9.80 10.54 10.80 10.87 11.16 11.50 12.40 13.61 13.97 13.88 13.32 13.64 13.84 14.72 15.50 18.35 21.23 23.50 25.29 26.92 28.02 29.73 32.35 35.20 36.50 36.80 ?!!? ??? )??*?? )??????* Crude Oil Natural Gas (10 000 tons) 8716 9364 10405 10615 10595 10122 10212 10607 11461 12490 13069 13414 13705 13764 13831 14099 14210 14524 14608 15005 15733 16074 16100 16000 16300 16396 16700 16960 17587 18135 18477 18632 19043 18949 20241 20288 20571 20947 (100 million cu.m) 101.00 121.20 137.30 145.10 142.70 127.40 119.30 122.10 124.30 129.30 137.60 138.90 142.60 150.50 152.98 160.73 157.88 167.65 175.59 179.47 201.14 227.03 232.79 251.98 272.00 303.29 326.61 350.15 414.60 493.20 585.53 692.40 802.99 852.69 948.48 1026.89 1070.35 1170.46 ?!!? )??*?? Salt (10 000 tons) 1401.00 1710.00 1953.00 1477.00 1728.00 1832.00 1638.00 1613.00 1642.00 1479.00 1766.00 1764.00 2264.00 2829.00 2023.00 2410.00 2838.00 2943.00 2996.00 2977.72 2903.57 3082.66 2242.52 2812.36 3128.00 3410.51 3602.43 3437.70 4043.44 4661.06 5663.13 6166.97 6664.43 6662.79 7037.76 6742.16 6911.78 6460.30 ????? ?!!? )??*?? )??* Refined Sugar Cigarettes (10 000 tons) 165.00 182.00 227.00 250.00 257.00 317.00 338.00 377.00 380.00 451.00 525.00 506.00 461.00 501.00 582.00 640.00 829.00 771.00 592.00 558.64 640.20 702.58 826.00 861.00 700.00 653.10 926.00 1083.94 1033.70 912.37 949.07 1271.38 1432.61 1338.35 1117.59 1187.43 1409.47 1589.73 (100 million pieces) 982.00 1211.00 1182.00 1303.00 1520.00 1704.00 1885.00 1938.00 2132.00 2370.00 2596.00 2881.00 3096.00 3195.00 3298.00 3226.00 3285.00 3376.00 3432.00 3485.02 3401.92 3377.42 3374.00 3340.00 3397.00 3402.10 3467.08 3580.86 18736.35 19389.08 20218.13 21438.84 22199.20 22901.50 23752.60 24474.00 25160.90 25604.00 ? )??*?? Yarn (10 000 tons) 196.00 223.00 238.20 263.50 292.60 317.00 335.40 327.00 321.90 353.50 397.80 436.80 465.70 476.70 462.60 460.80 501.70 501.50 489.50 542.20 512.21 559.83 542.00 567.00 657.00 760.68 850.00 983.58 1291.34 1450.54 1742.96 1958.42 2055.72 2266.45 2572.82 2717.86 2984.00 3200.00 ?????? )??*?? Machine-made Paper and (100 Paperboards million m) (10 000 tons) 88.40 101.50 110.30 121.50 134.70 142.70 153.50 148.80 137.00 146.70 164.70 173.10 187.90 189.20 188.80 181.70 190.70 203.00 211.30 260.18 209.10 248.79 241.00 250.00 277.00 290.00 322.39 353.52 482.10 484.39 598.55 675.26 723.05 753.42 800.00 814.14 848.94 882.66 341.00 377.00 439.00 493.00 535.00 540.00 589.00 661.00 756.00 911.00 998.00 1141.00 1270.00 1333.00 1372.00 1479.00 1725.00 1914.00 2138.00 2812.30 2638.20 2733.20 2125.63 2159.30 2486.94 3777.07 4666.99 4849.33 5413.27 6205.42 6863.02 7792.43 8404.30 8965.13 9832.63 11010.89 10956.54 11368.18 ? )??* Cloth

???? Year

233

6 5
???? Year 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?48!!??!3!dpoujovfe
?? )??*?? Coke ?? )??*?? Sulfuric Acid ?!!? )??*?? Caustic Soda ??!!?? )??*?? Caustic Soda ?? )??*?? Ethylene (10 000 tons) ???? )??*?? Chemical Fertilizers (10 000 tons) 0.60 1.50 2.80 3.90 5.00 6.70 7.90 11.10 15.10 19.40 26.60 0.07 0.01 0.08 0.18 0.20 0.30 0.54 0.36 0.37 0.51 1.51 3.19 4.44 5.10 6.10 6.47 13.35 30.27 38.03 43.49 40.50 29.70 46.40 64.80 100.80 172.60 240.90 164.10 110.90 174.90 243.50 299.40 370.10 459.20 422.20 524.70 524.40 723.80 869.30 1065.40 0.02 0.03 0.54 1.06 0.53 1.36 1.89 3.21 5.01 7.58 5.22 3.60 6.66 10.09 11.99 13.73 14.88 14.26 15.48 14.61 18.98 28.46 32.63 ???? )??*?? Chemical Fiber (10 000 tons) ?? )??*?? Cement (10 000 tons) 66 141 249 286 388 460 450 639 686 930 1227 1565 621 600 806 1209 1634 2015 1462 1262 1829 2575 3258 3547 3731 3709 4626 4670 5565 6524 7390 ???? )????* Plate Glass (10 000 weight cases) 108 135 181 213 242 315 333 308 462 527 600 670 332 399 497 539 599 719 578 573 807 928 1051 1048 1042 1024 1262 1261 1481 1784 2083

(10 000 tons) (10 000 tons) (10 000 tons) (10 000 tons) 54 150 203 289 355 450 548 637 830 2174 4504 5647 2809 1342 1106 1113 1333 1634 1102 1098 1676 2330 3023 3437 3451 3104 3680 3570 3929 4690 4583 4.0 6.9 14.9 19.0 26.0 34.4 37.5 51.7 63.2 74.4 106.1 133.0 90.4 96.8 130.6 170.4 234.0 290.9 198.3 141.5 234.3 291.4 357.9 400.5 468.1 442.7 484.7 450.8 537.5 661.0 699.8 1.5 2.3 4.8 7.9 8.8 11.5 13.7 15.6 19.8 27.4 37.2 40.7 27.7 29.0 33.8 41.1 55.6 69.3 57.8 49.6 70.4 89.2 105.5 111.5 121.0 112.6 128.9 121.5 138.6 164.0 182.6 8.8 16.0 18.5 19.2 22.3 30.9 40.5 47.6 50.6 64.7 80.8 81.5 48.6 51.9 66.4 69.5 88.0 106.6 91.5 70.1 89.4 107.7 115.5 119.7 120.4 110.6 124.3 111.7 107.7 132.9 148.6

234

2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8:

1978

1980

1949-2014

?48!!??!4!!dpoujovfe
?? )??*?? Coke ?? )??*?? Sulfuric Acid ?!!? )??*?? Caustic Soda ??!!?? )??*?? Caustic Soda ?? )??*?? Ethylene (10 000 tons) 48.99 50.48 56.49 65.37 64.80 65.21 69.52 93.72 123.21 139.57 157.20 176.10 200.30 202.70 212.90 240.10 304.00 358.60 377.30 435.00 470.00 480.60 543.02 611.77 629.85 755.54 940.51 1027.80 987.58 1072.62 1421.34 1527.50 1486.80 1622.60 ???? )??*?? Chemical Fertilizers (10 000 tons) 1232.10 1239.00 1278.10 1378.90 1460.20 1322.20 1395.70 1672.20 1740.20 1802.50 1879.70 1979.50 2047.90 1956.30 2272.80 2548.14 2809.04 2820.96 3010.00 3251.00 3186.00 3383.01 3791.00 3881.31 4804.82 5177.86 5345.05 5824.98 6028.05 6385.01 6337.86 6419.39 6832.10 7036.96 ???? )??*?? Chemical Fiber (10 000 tons) 45.03 52.73 51.70 54.07 73.49 94.78 101.73 117.50 130.12 148.09 165.42 191.03 213.04 237.37 280.33 341.17 375.45 471.62 510.00 600.00 694.00 841.38 991.20 1181.15 1699.80 1664.79 2073.18 2413.78 2453.29 2747.28 3090.00 3390.07 3837.37 4121.94 ?? )??*?? Cement (10 000 tons) 7986 8290 9520 10825 12302 14595 16606 18625 21014 21029 20971 25261 30822 36788 42118 47561 49119 51174 53600 57300 59700 66104 72500 86208 96682 106885 123676 136117 142356 164398 188191 209926 220984 241614 ???? )????* Plate Glass (10 000 weight cases) 2466 2701 3154 3647 4190 4942 5202 5803 7293 8442 8067 8712 9359 11086 11925 15732 16069 16631 17194 17420 18352 20964 23446 27703 37026 40210 46575 53918 59890 58574 66331 79108 75051 77898

???? Year

(10 000 tons) (10 000 tons) (10 000 tons) (10 000 tons) 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 4343 3895 4019 4220 4557 4802 5276 5795 6108 6624 7328 7352 7984 9320 11477 13510 13643 13731 12806 12074 12184 13131 14280 17776 20619 25412 29768 33553 32031 35510 38864 43271 44779 47932 764.3 780.7 817.5 869.6 817.2 676.4 763.1 983.3 1111.3 1153.3 1196.9 1332.9 1408.7 1336.5 1536.5 1811.0 1883.6 2036.9 2171.0 2356.0 2427.0 2696.3 3050.4 3371.2 3928.9 4544.7 5033.2 5412.6 5098.0 5960.9 7090.5 7482.7 7876.6 8122.6 192.3 192.3 207.3 212.3 222.2 235.3 251.8 273.9 300.5 321.1 335.4 354.1 379.5 395.4 429.6 531.8 573.8 574.4 539.4 580.1 667.9 788.0 878.0 945.3 1041.1 1240.0 1511.8 1759.3 1926.0 1832.4 2228.4 2473.5 2696.8 2859.0 161.3 165.2 173.5 179.3 188 201.1 214.6 236.3 260.9 304.2 379.5 393.6 455.0 534.9 581.4 597.7 669.3 725.8 744.0 766.0 834.0 914.4 1033.2 1133.6 1334.7 1421.1 1560.0 1765.0 1854.6 1944.8 2034.8 2294.0 2395.9 2435.0

235

6 5
???? Year 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?48!!??!5!dpoujovfe
?!!? )??*?? Steel (10 000 tons) 16.0 61.0 90.0 135.0 177.0 223.0 285.0 447.0 535.0 800.0 1387.0 1866.0 870.0 667.0 762.0 964.0 1223.0 1532.0 1029.0 904.0 1333.0 1779.0 2132.0 2338.0 2522.0 2112.0 2390.0 2046.0 2374.0 3178.0 3448.0 3712.0 3560.0 ?????? )??*?? Steel Products (10 000 tons) 13.0 37.0 67.0 106.0 147.0 172.0 216.0 314.0 415.0 591.0 897.0 1111.0 613.0 455.0 533.0 688.0 881.0 1035.0 718.0 666.0 926.0 1188.0 1389.0 1561.0 1684.0 1466.0 1622.0 1466.0 1633.0 2208.0 2497.0 2716.0 2670.0 ???????? )??* Metal-cutting Machine Tools (10 000 units) 0.16 0.33 0.59 1.37 2.05 1.59 1.37 2.59 2.80 8.00 11.55 15.35 5.67 2.25 2.22 2.81 3.96 5.49 4.07 4.64 8.56 13.89 14.57 16.22 18.33 16.45 17.49 15.70 19.87 18.32 13.96 13.36 10.26 0.01 0.17 0.79 1.60 1.96 2.26 0.36 0.97 2.06 2.81 4.05 5.59 2.04 2.51 5.31 8.72 11.10 10.82 11.62 10.48 13.98 13.52 12.54 14.91 18.57 22.23 17.56 0.54 0.34 0.03 0.16 0.26 0.34 0.36 0.11 0.09 0.14 0.17 0.30 0.54 0.59 0.67 0.66 0.52 0.61 0.76 1.00 1.34 1.80 2.12 2.46 2.80 3.18 4.90 5.56 0.02 0.86 1.32 1.40 0.04 1.81 24.53 128.08 ?!!??? )??* Motor Vehicles (10 000 sets)
$

?!!? )??*?? Pig Iron (10 000 tons) 25.0 98.0 145.0 193.0 223.0 311.0 387.0 483.0 594.0 1369.0 2191.0 2716.0 1281.0 805.0 741.0 902.0 1077.0 1334.0 963.0 857.0 1280.0 1706.0 2100.0 2355.0 2490.0 2062.0 2449.0 2233.0 2505.0 3479.0 3673.0 3802.0 3417.0

??????? ?!!??? Cars )??* Household Refrigerators (10 000 units)

?????? ??? )??*

????? )??*

(10 000 units)

(10 000 units)

236

2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92

1978

1980

1949-2014

?48!!??!6!!dpoujovfe
?!!? ???? )??*?? Pig Iron Year (10 000 tons) 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 3551.0 3738.0 4001.0 4384.0 5064.0 5503.0 5704.0 5820.0 6238.0 6765.0 7589.0 8739.0 9741.0 10529.3 10722.5 11511.4 11863.7 12539.2 13101.5 15554.3 17084.6 21366.7 26831.0 34375.2 41245.2 47651.6 47824.4 55283.5 59733.3 64050.9 66354.4 70897.0 (10 000 tons) 3716.0 4002.0 4347.0 4679.0 5220.0 5628.0 5943.0 6159.0 6635.0 7100.0 8094.0 8956.0 9261.0 9536.0 10124.1 10894.2 11559.0 12426.0 12850.0 15163.4 18236.6 22233.6 28291.1 35324.0 41914.9 48928.8 50305.8 57218.2 63723.0 68528.3 72388.2 77904.1 )??*?? Steel ?!!? ?????? ???????? )??* )??*?? Metal-cutting Steel Machine Products Tools (10 000 (10 000 tons) units) 2902.0 3072.0 3372.0 3693.0 4058.0 4386.0 4689.0 4859.0 5153.0 5638.0 6697.0 7716.0 8428.0 8979.8 9338.0 9978.9 10737.8 12109.8 13146.0 16067.6 19251.6 24108.0 31975.7 37771.1 46893.4 56560.9 60460.3 69405.4 80276.6 88619.6 95577.8 106762.2 9.98 12.10 13.35 16.72 16.37 17.22 19.17 17.87 13.45 16.39 22.87 26.20 20.65 20.34 17.74 18.65 11.91 14.22 17.66 25.58 30.86 30.58 48.72 51.14 57.30 64.69 71.73 58.55 69.73 88.68 88.23 72.30 ???? )??* Motor Vehicles (10 000 sets) 19.63 23.98 31.64 43.72 36.98 47.18 64.47 58.35 51.40 71.42 106.67 129.85 136.69 145.27 147.52 158.25 163.00 183.20 207.00 234.17 325.10 444.39 509.11 570.49 727.89 888.89 930.59 1379.53 1826.53 1841.64 1927.62 2211.72
$

??????? ?!!??? Cars )??* Household Refrigerators (10 000 units) 9.99 18.85 54.74 144.81 225.02 401.34 757.63 670.79 463.06 469.94 485.76 596.66 768.12 918.54 979.65 1044.43 1060.00 1210.00 1279.00 1351.26 1598.87 2242.56 3007.59 2987.06 3530.89 4397.13 4799.95 5930.45 7295.72 8699.20 8427.00 9261.02

?????? ??? )??*

????? )??*

(10 000 units) 2.44 3.45 6.12 12.35 9.65 13.22 25.91 37.47 24.07 63.03 158.03 346.41 393.42 682.56 786.21 974.01 1156.87 1337.64 1826.67 2333.64 3135.11 4820.86 6390.33 6764.57 6849.42 8014.28 8147.37 8078.25 10887.47 13912.50 12398.72 13057.20

(10 000 units) 253.26 365.86 578.06 887.20 893.40 990.20 1046.80 825.40 662.68 678.20 707.93 895.85 1094.24 948.41 1074.72 1254.48 1207.31 1342.17 1442.98 1341.61 1595.76 1964.46 2533.41 3035.52 3560.50 4005.10 4447.00 4973.63 6247.73 6715.94 6791.12 7201.90

0.51 0.60 0.65 0.90 1.17 1.79 2.96 3.58 3.50 6.87 16.17 22.29 26.87 33.70 38.29 48.60 50.71 57.10 60.70 70.36 109.20 207.08 227.63 277.01 386.94 479.78 503.81 748.48 957.59 1012.67 1077.00 1210.42

237

6 5
???? Year 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?48!!??!7!dpoujovfe
??????????? ??????? ?????? )??* )??* ??? )??* Mobile Television MicroTelephones Sets computer (10 000 (10 000 (10 000 uints) uints) uints) ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??? )??* )??* )??* )??* Integrated Copying Program Fax Circuit Machines Controlled Machines (10 000 (10 000 Switchboards (10 000 uints) units) (10 000 lines) units) ???? ????? ???? )??* )?????* Telephone Electricity Sets (10 000 (100 million units) kwh) 43.00 46.00 57.00 73.00 92.00 110.00 123.00 166.00 193.00 275.00 423.00 594.00 480.00 458.00 490.00 560.00 676.00 825.00 2 8 78 423 0.02 0.01 0.07 0.24 0.29 0.28 0.25 0.38 0.95 3.21 15.21 1684 1279 3041 406 264 186 388 579 774.00 716.00 940.00 1159.00 1384.00 1524.00 1668.00 1668.00 1958.00 2031.00 2234.00 2566.00 2820.00 3006.00 3093.00

238

1978

1980

1949-2014

?48!!??!8!!dpoujovfe
??????????? ??????? ?????? )??* )??* ??? )??* Mobile Television MicroTelephones Sets computer (10 000 (10 000 (10 000 uints) uints) uints) 28.81 53.11 133.95 435.28 414.6 672.72 1037.66 940.02 1033.04 1205.06 1333.08 1435.76 1689.15 2057.74 2537.60 2711.33 3497.00 4262.00 5247.90 8031.70 12146.35 18231.37 23751.58 30354.21 48013.79 54857.86 55945.10 68193.37 99827.36 113257.71 118154.57 145560.99 3936.00 4093.70 5155.00 6541.40 7431.83 8283.22 8375.40 8478.01 9187.14 9898.79 11830.03 12231.34 12823.52 12776.05 4.21 5.12 11.61 7.54 8.21 16.25 12.62 14.66 24.57 83.57 138.83 206.55 291.40 405.00 672.00 877.65 1463.51 3216.70 5974.90 8084.89 9336.44 12073.38 15853.65 18215.07 24584.46 32036.93 31806.71 33660.98 ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??? )??* )??* )??* )??* Integrated Copying Program Fax Circuit Machines Controlled Machines (10 000 (10 000 Switchboards (10 000 uints) units) (10 000 lines) units) 1352 2604 4148 6385 5720 9544 13160 13156 10838 17049 16099 20101 48462 551686 388987 255455 262577 415000 588000 636288 963101 1483101 2355100 2699729 3357499 4116200 4387700 4144000 6525000 7195200 7796100 8665400 4.38 6.06 4.10 21.75 63.87 107.75 117.93 210.29 156.63 144.12 207.39 264.17 324.57 403.56 467.80 452.36 517.70 421.02 534.82 655.05 609.69 635.40 2091.60 2274.80 2787.30 4219.90 4726.00 7136.00 7223.50 5860.70 6549.10 7625.22 7720.90 7404.63 5387.05 4583.95 4152.51 3137.97 3034.04 2829.08 3115.74 136.1 137.9 162.5 128.7 160.0 196.3 318.2 297.3 746.6 851.2 1068.2 1188.6 888.5 749.4 683.5 181.1 268.1 263.6 161.0 2.37 1.80 1.81 274.10 471.68 451.96 721.64 880.00 880.00 1482.00 1982.27 2663.59 5722.92 9956.36 7960.82 8653.71 6520.48 7139.93 9597.99 10302.74 11892.42 12935.90 19515.71 18861.52 18647.83 16516.46 18244.72 14537.70 16769.68 14017.91 12773.84 12540.40 ???? ????? ???? )??* )?????* Telephone Electricity Sets (10 000 (100 million units) kwh) 3277.00 3514.00 3770.00 4107.00 4495.00 4973.00 5452.00 5848.00 6212.00 6775.00 7539.00 8395.00 9281.00 10070.30 10813.10 11355.53 11670.00 12393.00 13556.00 14808.02 16540.00 19105.75 22033.09 25002.60 28657.26 32815.53 34957.61 37146.51 42071.60 47130.19 50210.41 53975.86

????

Year

2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

239

6 5
???? Year 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?49!!????????????? Total Production of Energy and Its Composition
?????? )???????* Total Energy Production (10 000 tons of SCE) 2374 3174 3903 4871 5192 6262 7295 8242 9861 19845 27161 29637 21224 17185 17009 17232 18824 20833 17494 18715 23104 30990 35289 37785 40013 41626 48754 50340 56396 62770 64562 63735 63227 66778 71270 ?!!? Coal 96.3 96.7 97.0 96.7 96.3 95.8 95.9 95.3 94.9 97.1 97.0 95.6 93.5 91.4 91.1 89.1 88.0 86.4 84.1 83.9 82.2 81.6 79.3 77.5 74.4 70.8 70.6 68.5 69.6 70.3 70.2 69.4 70.2 71.3 71.6 ????????????)&* As Percentage of Total Energy Production ?!!? ??? Crude Oil 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 1.6 2.0 2.5 3.6 4.8 5.5 7.0 8.6 10.0 11.3 12.2 13.5 14.1 16.0 17.3 19.2 22.3 22.6 24.8 23.7 23.7 23.5 23.8 22.9 21.8 21.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.4 2.3 Natural Gas ?????????????? Hydro-power,Nuclear Power, Wind Power 3.0 2.3 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.9 1.2 0.9 1.4 2.0 2.9 2.7 3.1 2.6 2.8 3.5 2.9 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.5 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.1 3.8 3.1 3.3 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.8

240

2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94

1978

1980

1949-2014

?49!!??!!dpoujovfe
?????? )???????* Total Energy Production (10 000 tons of SCE) 77855 85546 88124 91266 95801 101639 103922 104844 107256 111059 118729 129034 133032 133460 129834 131935 135048 143875 150656 171906 196648 216219 232167 247279 260552 274619 296916 317987 331848 340000 ?!!? Coal 72.4 72.8 72.4 72.6 73.1 74.1 74.2 74.1 74.3 74.0 74.6 75.3 75.0 74.2 73.3 73.9 73.2 73.0 73.5 76.2 77.1 77.6 77.8 77.7 76.8 77.3 76.6 77.8 76.5 75.6 ????????????)&* As Percentage of Total Energy Production ?!!? Crude Oil 21.0 20.9 21.2 21.0 20.4 19.3 19.0 19.2 18.9 18.7 17.6 16.6 16.9 17.2 17.7 17.3 17.2 16.3 15.8 14.1 12.8 12.0 11.3 10.8 10.5 9.9 9.8 9.1 8.9 8.9 ??? Natural Gas 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.6 ?????????????? Hydro-power,Nuclear Power, Wind Power 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.8 5.3 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.3 6.9 7.9 7.8 7.0 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8 8.6 8.7 9.4 8.8 10.3 10.9

???? Year

2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

241

?ǖ??????????????????????????????)???*? a)The coefficient for conversion of electric power into SCE (standard coal equivalent) is calculated on the basic of the data on the average coal consumption in generating electric power in the same year. The same applies to the table following.

6 5
???? Year 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73 2:74

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?4:!!??????????????? Total Consumption of Energy and Its Composition
???????? )???????* Total Energy Consumption (10 000 tons of SCE) 5411 6234 6968 8800 9644 17599 23926 30188 20390 16540 15567 16637 18901 20269 18328 18405 22730 29291 34496 37273 39109 40144 45425 47831 52354 57144 58588 60275 59447 62067 66040 ?!!? Coal 94.3 93.5 92.9 92.7 92.3 94.6 94.7 93.9 91.3 89.2 88.9 88.0 86.5 86.2 84.8 83.8 81.9 80.9 79.2 77.5 74.8 82.1 71.9 69.9 70.3 70.7 71.3 72.2 72.7 73.7 74.2 ??????????????)&* As Percentage of Total Energy Consumption ?!!? Crude Oil 3.8 4.3 4.9 4.8 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.1 5.5 6.6 7.2 8.0 10.3 10.2 10.9 12.1 13.8 14.7 16.0 17.2 18.6 20.7 21.1 23.0 22.6 22.7 21.8 20.7 20.0 18.9 18.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.5 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.4 ??? Natural Gas ?????????????? Hydro-power,Nuclear Power, Wind Power 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.4 3.0 1.4 1.1 1.5 2.3 3.2 3.1 3.3 2.7 2.9 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.6 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.1 3.4 3.6 4.0 4.5 4.9 5.3

242

2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94

1978

1980

1949-2014

?4:!!??!!dpoujovfe
???????? ???? Year )???????* Total Energy Consumption (10 000 tons of SCE) 70904 76682 80850 86632 92997 96934 98703 103783 109170 115993 122737 131176 135192 135909 136184 140569 145531 150406 159431 183792 213456 235997 258676 280508 291448 306647 324939 348002 361732 375000 ?!!? Coal 75.3 75.8 75.8 76.2 76.1 76.1 76.2 76.1 75.7 74.7 75.0 74.6 73.5 71.4 70.9 70.6 69.2 68.3 68.0 69.8 69.5 70.8 71.1 71.1 70.3 70.4 68.0 68.4 66.6 66.0 ??????????????)&* As Percentage of Total Energy Consumption ?!!? Crude Oil 17.4 17.1 17.2 17.0 17.1 17.1 16.6 17.1 17.5 18.2 17.4 17.5 18.7 20.4 20.8 21.5 22.2 21.8 22.3 21.2 21.3 19.8 19.3 18.8 18.3 17.9 19.0 18.6 18.8 18.4 ??? Natural Gas 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.9 4.4 5.0 5.2 5.8 ?????????????? Hydro-power,Nuclear Power, Wind Power 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.1 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.7 6.1 6.0 6.4 6.5 5.9 6.4 7.5 7.3 6.5 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 7.7 7.8 8.6 8.0 9.4 9.8

243

6 5
???? Year (10 000 tons) 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 ?!!? )??*?? Coal

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?51!!?????????????? Consumption of Energy by Type
?!!? )??*?? Coke (10 000 tons) 3997.2 4150.2 4431.3 4689.7 5249.0 5720.9 6027.1 6368.4 6914.7 7118.0 7839.1 8814.3 9094.3 10725.3 11865.0 10870.6 11447.8 10786.8 10840.8 11931.5 12343.6 15298.5 18067.0 25105.8 27892.8 29168.1 29900.2 31850.0 33687.8 38163.3 39373.0 ?!!? ?!!? ?!!? )??*?? )??*?? )??*?? Grude Oil Gasoline Oil Diesel Oil (10 000 tons) 8688.3 9079.8 9210.0 9509.5 10210.6 10685.5 11201.9 11607.1 11762.2 12356.1 13225.8 13832.5 14024.6 14886.4 15865.0 17367.2 17357.3 18949.5 21232.0 21342.7 22544.1 24922.0 28749.3 30086.2 32245.2 34031.6 35498.2 38128.6 42874.6 43965.8 46678.9 (10 000 tons) 993.1 1094.9 1199.7 1396.3 1500.2 1624.3 1789.9 1853.6 1899.5 2209.5 2509.8 2887.9 2696.7 2909.6 3166.3 3244.1 3306.8 3389.3 3504.6 3597.8 3749.3 4072.0 4695.7 4854.9 5242.5 5519.1 6145.5 6172.7 6886.2 7396.0 8140.9 (10 000 tons) 1587.0 1647.1 1725.7 1939.4 2116.7 2314.0 2575.2 2748.0 2691.7 2895.9 3373.0 3948.2 3803.0 4321.4 4825.1 5278.5 5309.7 6204.1 6806.2 7158.0 7666.9 8409.4 9895.9 10972.2 11835.4 12496.7 13532.6 13756.6 14633.8 15635.1 16966.0 ??? )??*?? Fuel Oil (10 000 tons) 2810.8 2856.5 2879.1 2837.4 3008.2 3120.9 3238.0 3390.6 3367.8 3509.1 3421.9 3803.1 3594.9 3693.7 3632.3 3692.8 3828.6 3934.1 3872.8 3850.2 3873.9 4220.5 4783.5 4242.1 4368.3 4157.5 3237.1 2827.8 3758.0 3662.8 3683.3 ????? ??? ?!!??? )??????* )??????* )????* Liquefied Natural Gas Electricity Petroleum Gas (100 million (100 million (100 million (cu.m) (cu.m) (kwh) 121.3 147.0 150.3 155.7 200.5 213.4 230.9 251.5 254.2 301.5 358.3 500.7 570.9 750.6 931.3 1009.7 1186.0 1178.5 1389.7 1411.2 1625.4 1796.6 2016.0 2046.5 2207.6 2327.9 2118.9 2153.1 2240.3 2470.2 2482.2 119.0 121.3 126.2 129.3 137.6 138.9 143.6 150.3 152.5 158.9 158.8 167.6 173.4 177.4 185.9 196.4 202.6 214.9 245.0 274.3 291.8 339.1 396.7 467.6 561.4 705.2 812.9 895.2 1069.4 1305.3 1463.0 3280.1 3518.7 3777.6 4117.6 4507.0 4985.2 5466.8 5865.3 6230.4 6804.0 7589.2 8426.5 9260.4 10023.4 10764.3 11284.4 11598.4 12304.7 13472.4 14723.5 16465.5 19031.6 21971.4 24940.3 28588.0 32711.8 34541.4 37032.2 41934.5 47000.9 49762.6

64125.8 68713.0 74968.3 81603.0 86015.1 92799.0 99353.9 103427.0 105523.0 110432.0 114084.8 120919.5 128532.2 137676.5 140065.3 137748.4 135013.3 139336.5 141091.7 144528.1 152282.7 180587.0 207561.3 231851.1 255065.5 272745.9 281095.9 295833.1 312236.5 342950.2 352647.1

244

2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123

1978

1980

1949-2014

?52!!????????????? Annual Per Capita Energy Consumption for Non-Production Purpose
????? ??????? ?!!??? )?????* Annual Per Capita Year Consumption for Non-production Purpose (Kg of SCE) 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 112.3 101.3 102.2 106.6 113.5 126.7 127.3 132.1 141.0 139.3 139.2 139.0 134.2 133.5 129.3 130.7 120.5 119.3 119.0 121.8 123.7 127.2 134.0 153.4 175.7 194.1 211.8 233.8 240.8 254.2 258.3 278.3 293.8 ?!!? )??* Coal (kg) 118.0 121.6 123.5 127.7 134.9 148.7 148.3 152.1 159.1 152.4 147.1 143.0 126.9 123.2 109.5 112.3 83.0 77.2 73.1 69.9 67.0 66.1 65.7 69.9 75.4 77.0 76.6 74.1 69.1 68.5 68.5 68.5 67.8 ?!!??? )????* Electricity (kwh) 10.7 11.9 12.0 13.4 15.3 21.2 23.2 26.4 31.2 35.3 42.4 47.2 54.9 62.5 72.7 83.5 87.7 98.6 104.2 108.6 115.0 126.5 138.3 159.7 184.0 221.3 255.6 308.3 331.9 365.9 383.1 418.1 460.4 ?!!? )??* Kerosene (kg) 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 ????? )??* Liquefied Petroleum Gas (kg) 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.8 2.1 2.5 3.2 4.4 5.9 6.2 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.6 8.6 10.4 10.2 11.1 12.4 11.0 11.2 10.9 12.0 12.1 ??? )?????* Natural Gas (cu.m) 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.6 3.3 3.6 4.0 5.2 6.1 7.8 10.9 12.8 13.3 17.0 19.7 21.3 ?!!? )?????* Coal Gas (cu.m) 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.6 2.4 2.5 3.2 4.4 4.6 6.3 4.7 6.4 8.9 9.7 9.3 10.0 9.4 9.8 10.2 10.7 11.1 12.7 14.1 13.9 12.5 14.5 10.9 10.2

245

?ǖ?????????? a) Data in the table are calculated with the data on the annual average population in each year.

6 5
???? Year (unit) 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?53!!????????? Main Indicators on Construction Enterprises
????? ????? )?* Number of Enterprises
$

??

Stateowned

????? ???? )??* Collective Number of -owned Persons Employed (10 000 persons)
$

??

$

??

Stateowned

????? ??? )??* Collective Gross Output -owned Value (100 million yuan)
$

??

$

??

$

??

Stateowned

Collective -owned

246

6604 7327 7884 9653 9741 11150 12585 13625 14134 13106 13327 13825 14536 20998 23315 24133 41364 44017 45634 47234 47518 45893 47820 48688 59018 58750 60166 62074 71095 70817 71863 72280 75280 79528

1996 2586 2808 2885 3017 3385 3608 3788 3798 3927 4275 4638 4985 6363 7251 7531 9109 9650 9458 9394 9030 8264 7536 6638 6513 6007 5555 5319 5315 5009 4810 4642 4602 4607

4608 4741 5076 6768 6724 7765 8977 9837 10336 9179 9052 9187 9551 14130 15196 15348 29044 29872 28410 27197 24756 19096 13177 10425 8959 8090 7051 6614 5843 5352 5026 4847 4640 4572

648.00 685.20 733.00 802.60 847.70 911.50 993.70 1024.10 1044.80 1004.80 1010.70 1058.30 1157.50 1096.70 1445.85 1497.87 2121.87 2101.51 2029.99 2020.13 1994.30 2110.66 2245.19 2414.27 2500.28 2699.92 2878.16 3133.71 3314.95 3672.56 4160.44 3852.47 4267.24 4499.31

481.80 509.30 523.90 544.50 554.20 576.70 617.30 618.20 623.50 614.70 621.00 638.90 681.20 631.50 818.16 824.31 855.93 828.63 738.36 690.55 635.60 590.65 543.75 524.32 467.36 480.05 467.61 470.12 472.11 518.92 576.87 444.94 457.78 477.48

166.20 175.90 200.10 258.10 293.50 334.80 376.40 405.90 421.30 390.10 389.70 419.40 476.30 455.70 601.93 631.89 1171.42 1148.24 1057.30 993.09 887.50 739.94 579.18 505.57 386.40 361.57 331.99 316.99 266.78 246.79 246.53 220.40 216.24 222.97

286.93 282.30 345.33 419.54 517.15 675.10 808.07 952.65 1131.65 1282.98 1345.01 1564.33 2174.44 3253.50 4653.32 5793.75 8282.25 9126.48 10061.99 11152.86 12497.60 15361.56 18527.18 23083.87 29021.45 34552.10 41557.16 51043.71 62036.81 76807.74 96031.13 116463.32 137217.86 159312.95

220.90 213.70 258.03 298.54 371.56 474.51 566.83 660.11 776.96 878.57 935.19 1062.48 1432.13 2054.83 3033.66 3670.25 4160.21 4526.52 4571.44 4861.38 5053.79 5362.81 5582.86 6060.23 7325.61 8432.03 9218.56 10630.90 12231.66 15190.05 18148.59 20436.81 22930.19 26161.24

66.03 68.60 87.30 121.00 145.59 200.59 241.24 292.54 354.69 404.41 409.82 501.85 742.31 1163.85 1519.45 1899.47 3695.68 3925.81 4012.01 4081.79 4035.84 3775.89 3338.50 3270.73 2756.12 2815.20 2904.48 3153.65 3216.43 3281.75 3655.27 4306.49 4919.00 5543.33

?ǖ2/??2:91.2::3????????????????????2::4.2::6??????????????????????????2::7. !!!!!3112??????????)???*???????????????3113??????????????????????????????????? !!!!!????!)?????????????*??? !!!!3/?????2::4.2::8???????? a) Data from 1980 to 1992 are the figures of state-owned and collective-owned construction enterprises. Data from 1993 to 1995 are the figures of all economic types of construction enterprises above towns. The statistical coverage from 1996 to 2001 included the fourth and higher grades construction enterprises (old classification of grades), and that since 2002 included all grades construction enterprises, both general constructing contractors and professional contractors (excluding the construction enterprises of work subcontractors). b) The number of employed persons refers to the annual average number from 1993 to 1997.

1978

1980

1949-2014

?53!!??!dpoujovfe
????? ???)??* Total Valueadded of Construction Enterprises (100 million yuan) ???? )??* Total Assets (100 million yuan) ?????? )??* Total Profits (100 million yuan) ?????? )??* Total Tax (100 million yuan) ?????? ??????? )?0?* Overall Labor Productivity in Term of Gross Output Value (yuan/person) ????????)??????* Floor Space of Building Construction (10 000 sq.m) ???? ???? Under Construction Completed

???? Year

2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 464.70 614.60 840.70 1322.11 1668.64 2405.62 2540.54 2783.79 3022.26 3341.09 4023.57 3822.42 4654.71 5615.78 6899.71 8116.39 9944.35 12488.95 15619.82 18983.54 22070.98 26583.31 30768.47 3719.50 5404.68 6718.70 9242.85 10592.78 11870.42 13144.29 14578.37 16967.61 20390.11 23541.90 28564.62 31485.73 36008.78 43029.27 51711.93 62164.39 75221.77 93859.86 111692.15 31.65 28.00 31.80 38.60 25.70 28.50 46.00 64.13 72.52 74.20 109.35 109.92 117.33 154.80 192.06 294.39 370.35 519.87 719.24 906.66 1193.07 1561.12 2201.84 2718.76 3409.07 4168.20 4776.14 8.82 8.47 19.44 36.10 42.69 50.60 66.20 96.20 135.75 168.04 248.00 271.70 301.93 339.61 387.16 499.03 599.43 758.65 936.20 1159.79 1401.49 1714.27 2264.98 2653.69 3351.31 3864.41 4388.88 8070 10345 12168 12505 13109 14741 18238 24214 32184 38679 39033 43428 48255 53328 59585 67275 76171 86666 107942 117317 131800 148101 161805 185087 203962 231917 296424 324842 35491.80 37773.90 39856.60 42735.20 40649.90 37923.00 41054.20 51885.40 65374.20 78032.20 89862.80 129087.00 128680.30 137593.60 147262.47 160141.10 188328.68 215608.70 259377.13 310985.70 352744.67 410154.41 482005.52 530518.63 588593.91 708023.51 851828.12 986427.45 1129967.69 17072.70 18601.00 19437.90 19060.70 19723.40 19552.50 20256.30 24045.50 28684.80 32383.30 35666.30 60047.90 62244.00 65682.60 73924.94 80714.90 97699.00 110217.05 122827.61 147364.00 159406.20 179672.96 203992.68 223591.62 245401.64 277450.22 316429.28 358736.23 389244.93

247

6 5
2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?54!!?????????? Length of Transport Routes
????ǖ??? ???? ???? ???? Length of Year Railways in Operation 2.18 2.22 2.23 2.29 2.38 2.45 2.56 2.65 2.67 3.02 3.23 3.39 3.45 3.46 3.50 3.69 3.80 3.93 3.86 3.88 4.17 4.37 4.53 4.63 4.66 4.75 4.86 4.91 5.06 5.17 5.30 5.33 5.39 5.33 5.46 5.48 5.52 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.23 0.30 0.41 0.01 0.01 ?????? ???? ????????? National Electrified Railways
$ $

????

Length of Highways

Expressway

?????? ???? Length of Navigable Inland Waterways 7.36 7.36 7.36 9.50 9.50 9.50 9.99 10.36 14.41 15.20 16.30 17.39 17.22 16.19 15.72 15.69 15.77 14.72 14.78 14.78 14.81 14.84 14.16 14.06 13.88 13.74 13.56 13.74 13.74 13.60 10.78 10.85 10.87 10.86 10.89 10.93 10.91

???? ?????? Length of Regular Civil Aviation Routes 1.14 1.12 1.31 1.40 1.52 1.55 1.91 2.64 3.30 3.72 3.81 3.91 3.53 3.58 3.85 3.94 3.94 4.45 4.01 3.99 4.06 4.21 4.25 4.54 8.13 8.42 9.78 13.21 14.89 16.00 19.53 21.82 23.27 22.91 26.02 27.72

$

????

International Routes

(10 000 km) ?????? )?*???? Length of Petroleum and Gas Pipelines

8.08 9.96 11.44 12.67 13.71 14.61 16.73 22.63 25.46 42.18 50.79 51.95 47.74 46.35 47.51 47.92 51.45 54.36 55.75 57.17 60.06 63.67 67.54 69.99 71.56 73.79 78.36 82.34 85.56 89.02 87.58 88.83 89.75 90.70 91.51 92.67 94.24

0.69 0.69 0.51 0.50 0.50 0.30 0.49 0.43 0.44 0.53 0.53 0.45 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.45 0.45 0.38 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 3.71 3.71 4.09 4.09 5.53 5.13 8.12 8.28 9.99 9.99 10.74 10.60 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.12 0.20 0.23 0.34 0.42 0.53 0.63 0.67 0.83 0.91 0.87 0.97 1.04 1.08 1.10 1.17

248

2:73 2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96

1978

1980

1949-2014

?54!!??!!dpoujovfe
????ǖ??? ???? ???? ???? Length of Year Railways in Operation 2:97 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 5.58 5.60 5.62 5.70 5.79 5.78 5.81 5.86 5.90 6.24 6.49 6.60 6.64 6.74 6.87 7.01 7.19 7.30 7.44 7.54 7.71 7.80 7.97 8.55 9.12 9.32 9.76 10.31 (10 000 km) ?????? )?*???? Length of Petroleum and Gas Pipelines 1.30 1.38 1.43 1.51 1.59 1.62 1.59 1.64 1.68 1.72 1.93 2.04 2.31 2.49 2.47 2.76 2.98 3.26 3.82 4.40 4.81 5.45 5.83 6.91 7.85 8.33 9.16 9.85

?????? ???? ????????? National Electrified Railways 0.44 0.46 0.57 0.64 0.69 0.78 0.84 0.89 0.90 0.97 1.01 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.49 1.69 1.74 1.81 1.86 1.94 2.34 2.40 2.50 3.02 3.27 3.43 3.55 3.60
$ $

????

Length of Highways

Expressway

?????? ???? Length of Navigable Inland Waterways 10.94 10.98

???? ?????? Length of Regular Civil Aviation Routes 32.31 38.91 37.38 47.19 50.68 55.91 83.66 96.08 104.56 112.90 116.65 142.50 150.58 152.22 150.29 155.36 163.77 174.95 204.94 199.85 211.35 234.30 246.18 234.51 276.51 349.06 328.01 410.60

$

????

International Routes 10.76 14.89 12.83 16.64 16.64 17.74 30.30 27.87 35.19 34.82 38.63 50.44 50.44 52.33 50.84 51.69 57.45 71.53 89.42 85.59 96.62 104.74 112.02 91.99 107.02 149.44 128.47 150.32

96.28 98.22 99.96 101.43 102.83 104.11 105.67 108.35 111.78 115.70 118.58 122.64 127.85 135.17 167.98 169.80 176.52 180.98 187.07 334.52 345.70 358.37 373.02 386.08 400.82 410.64 423.75 435.62 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.11 0.16 0.21 0.34 0.48 0.87 1.16 1.63 1.94 2.51 2.97 3.43 4.10 4.53 5.39 6.03 6.51 7.41 8.49 9.62 10.44

10.94 10.90 10.92 10.97 10.97 11.02 11.02 11.06 11.08 10.98 11.03 11.65 11.93 12.15 12.16 12.40 12.33 12.33 12.34 12.35 12.28 12.37 12.42 12.46 12.50 12.59

249

?ǖ2/3115????????????????????????? !!!!3/3116??????????????? !!!!4/3122??????????????????????? !!!!5/3124????????????????????????????????????????????????????-3123??????? !!!!!??????)??????*? a) Since 2004, length of navigable inland waterways refers to length of navigable. b) Since 2005, length of highways includes village roads. c) Since 2011, length of civil aviation routes changed to length of regular civil aviation routes. d) In 2013, length of petroleum and gas pipelines includes that of China National Offshore Oil Corp. except for originally PetroChina Company Ltd., SinoPec Company Ltd. Data of 2012 were adjusted according. The same applies to the tables following.

6 5
????ǖ?? ???? Year 2:5: 2:61 2:62 2:63 2:64 2:65 2:66 2:67 2:68 2:69 2:6: 2:71 2:72 2:73

新中国六十五年
New China in 65 Years

1949-2014

?55!!????? Passenger Traffic
(10 000 persons) ??? ?? Total 13695 20370 22334 24518 35627 37465 36764 50621 63821 75136 91183 106700 119835 122154 97538 94300 96334 108656 114067 111182 123859 130056 142931 160828 174805 182146 192969 201411 225007 253993 289665 341785 384763 428964 470614 530217 620206 688211 Railways 10297 15691 16037 16352 22861 23290 20801 25211 31262 34569 47972 61822 77062 75003 51985 45085 41245 41413 46614 49994 52040 52455 56032 62809 65704 66924 70465 71249 79471 81491 86389 92204 95219 99922 106044 113353 112110 108579 ?? ?? National Railways 10297 15691 16037 16352 22861 23290 20801 25211 31262 34569 47972 61822 77062 74067 51478 44618 40708 40830 45982 49308 51296 51646 55182 61220 64781 66040 69648 70489 78662 80729 85611 91246 94236 98888 104946 112265 110913 107358 936 507 467 537 583 632 686 744 809 850 1589 923 884 817 760 809 762 778 958 980 1034 1098 1088 1197 1221 ???? Local Railways ?? Joint-venture Railways 1809 2301 3350 4559 7439 8648 10312 18224 23772 31063 32569 32524 27601 30737 32857 37313 43693 54437 53874 47125 56266 61812 71227 80676 89771 95481 101350 108718 122919 149229 178618 222799 261559 300610 336965 390336 476486 544259 1562 2377 2945 3605 5324 5523 5646 7177 8780 9492 10626 12333 15152 16397 12678 11878 11369 12780 13548 14038 15531 15767 15638 17297 19270 19647 21015 21298 22452 23042 24360 26439 27584 27987 27214 25974 30863 34377 Highways Waterways Civil Aviation 27 1 2 2 3 4 5 9 7 12 16 21 20 17 18 24 27 26 31 25 22 22 34 46 60 94 139 146 165 231 298 343 401 445 391 554 747 996 ?? ?? ????

250

2:74 2:75 2:76 2:77 2:78 2:79 2:7: 2:81 2:82 2:83 2:84 2:85 2:86 2:87 2:88 2:89 2:8: 2:91 2:92 2:93 2:94 2:95 2:96 2:97

1978

1980

1949-2014

?55!!??!!dpoujovfe
????ǖ?? ??? ???? Year 2:98 2:99 2:9: 2::1 2::2 2::3 2::4 2::5 2::6 2::7 2::8 2::9 2::: 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 311: 3121 3122 3123 3124 ?? Total 746422 809592 791374 772682 806048 860855 996634 1092882 1172596 1245357 1326094 1378717 1394413 1478573 1534122 1608150 1587497 1767453 1847018 2024158 2227761 2867892 2976898 3269508 3526319 3804035 2122992 Railways 112479 122645 113805 95712 95080 99693 105458 108738 102745 94797 93308 95085 100164 105073 105155 105606 97260 111764 115583 125656 135670 146193 152451 167609 186226 189337 210597 ?? ?? National Railways 111414 121595 112796 94888 94208 98788 104580 108009 102081 93551 91919 92991 97725 101847 101680 101741 93634 107346 110651 119728 128712 144452 150798 164761 179199 187863 207541 ???? Local Railways 1065 1050 1009 824 872 905 878 729 664 612 659 629 528 519 558 516 412 378 319 423 451 474 419 477 528 583 690 634 730 1465 1911 2707 2917 3349 3214 4040 4613 5505 6507 1267 1234 2371 6498 891 2366 ?? Joint-venture Railways 593682 650473 644508 648085 682681 731774 860719 953940 1040810 1122110 1204583 1257332 1269004 1347392 1402798 1475257 1464335 1624526 1697381 1860487 2050680 2682114 2779081 3052738 3286220 3557010 1853463 38951 35032 31778 27225 26109 26502 27074 26165 23924 22895 22573 20545 19151 19386 18645 18693 17142 1


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